MALI and the contemporary news

Pictured Here is Mu’ammar al-Qathafi in MALI on 07 DECEMBER 1985

WANTED: A JAMAHIRIYA in Northern MALI

Muammar El Khadafi in Bamako.

“Mali is my country and I say this sincerely”

Mu in MALI 07 DEC 1986 N°2

Mu in Mali 07 DEC. 1986  N°3

18 OCT 2011


Mali: Chronology of a Programmed Destabilization

Posted: 2013/01/18
From: Mathaba.nethttp://www.mathaba.net/news/?x=632421http://www.mathaba.net/members/?sh_itm=c9646f490edc0cd44f833d42a35452d0
It is high time to clear up the confusion regarding the situation in Mali. Thanks to David S. J. Borelli, Mathaba readers can now have a clear insight into one of the lesser-known but most crucial conspiracies being hatched to plunder African resources in the heart of Africa.
Independent analysis by David S. J. Borelli 
(Original article in French language is here).Foreign intervention in Mali: Analysis of facts, geopolitical and historical background to Mali helps understand the recent attempts at destabilization by outside powers for illegitimate and criminal aims.Before anything else, a little history is necessary to understand clearly & objectively the situation in Mali & to do this, it is not necessary to go far back in time:

Voyage to the country of Modibo Keita…

Amadou Toumani Touré, is the Malian officer credited somewhat as the liberator of Mali, popularly known as “ATT”. He led to the overthrow of the bloody dictator Moussa Traoré in March 1991 (the one that ordered the bloodiest repression against the Tuareg rebellion). A strong force since his coup against Modibo Keita in 1968, ATT led the Comité Transitoire pour le Salut du Peuple [Transitional Committee for the People's Welfare] (CTSP), which was established to ensure a governance transition to the adoption of a new constitution by referendum in January 12, 1992 & organizing the first multiparty elections in Mali in April of the same year won by Konare, former minister in the government Traoré.

During the transition period, which lasted a good year, led by the CSTP, ATT made his way to attempt reconciliation with the North & Mali finally established peace in the country: 11 April 1992 the ‘National Pact’ was signed by the government and the principal rebel leaders, an umbrella group of Tuareg rebels created by the CSTP. The Pact provided for the economic regeneration of the North, national reconciliation initiatives, decentralization and integration of Tuaregs into the military and civilian structures. Peace lasted for some time, but despite many local & national as well as real efforts on the part of different communities, hardly disturbed by the attempted coup of Colonel Diallo in December 1993, the dramatic devaluation of the CFA franc led to a significant increase in the cost of living and led to demonstrations & much unrest throughout the country, and tensions erupted in the north between the different communities: the settled Songhai, the Tuareg tribes and the Arabs.

Henceforth arose the infamous Koi Ganda Patriotic Movement (MPGK) formed by Songhai Mali militia & violence resumed despite the efforts of all: this time Azawad faced internal problems in concentrated parts of the North where in 1995 the Accords of Bourem brought about by some Libyan ‘conciliators’, were signed by the MPGK and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Azawad (FPLA), composed mainly of Tuareg & some Arabs. These agreements would mark a significant breakthrough in the nascent internal abscesses in defusing ethnic tensions, the North finally calmed down.

On 27 March 1996, again under the leadership & guidance of Libyan emissaries, the ceremony of the Flame of Peace was held in Timbuktu: hundreds of firearms were destroyed by fire, the various armed movements of the Tuareg and the MPGK would be officially dissolved. Peace reigned over Mali and after a re-election of Konaré in 1997, Amadou Toumani Touré (ATT) was elected president.

The one who released Mali from the clutches of Moussa Traoré, and had brought Mali forward as head of of the transitional (CSTP), despite his withdrawal from political life, tasted the presidency of his country. Following a good agreement with neighbouring Libya & through Libya’s program of assistance to countries in the region, the decree introducing the Agence de Développement du Nord Mali [Development Agency of Northern Mali] (DNA) was passed: it gave priority to investment and development in the regions of Gao, Timbuktu and Kidal in the north of the country. In gratitude for his mediation during the various stages of the peace process in northern Mali, as well as respect for the Libyan leader, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, was among the guests of honor of the festival of Maouloud in Timbuktu in April 2006, which commemorates the birth of the Prophet Muhammed. The following month the garrisons of Kidal and Menaka were attacked by a new rebel movement, the Alliance Démocratique pour le Changement du 23 mai [May 23 Democratic Alliance for Change] (ADC). After two months of fighting, on 4 July 2006, primarily Algeria & Libya mediated the Algiers Accords (Agreement) which were signed by the Malian government and the ADC. The peace agreement focused on security and economic growth in Kidal, the eighth region of Mali and the furthest from the capital, which was part of the ADC rebellion two months earlier.

In April 2007, ATT was re-elected, but his victory was contested by the other candidates. A month later, violence continued again in the North following the rejection by the Niger-Mali Tuareg Alliance (ATNM) of the Algiers Accords. The ATNM continued its operations in the North, attacking garrisons and removing Malian soldiers under the command of Ibrahim Ag Bahanga. (Remember this name). In November 2007, probably feeling the winds of change, the former Tuareg head, Iyad Ag Ghali, oddly joined the Malian consulate in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

In February 2009, Bamako led a successful campaign against the insurgency in the north. This was reflected in particular by the dismantling of the rebel military bases, but it generated a strong opposition among some Tuareg communities, who complained increasingly of being abused by government troops. In February 2009, still under the same mediations as the ceremony of the Flame of Peace of Timbuktu held in 1996, the peace ceremony in Kidal included the surrender of hundreds of weapons by Tuareg rebels and new developments for their integration in the armed forces, but the fighters of Bahanga did not participate in the peace process.

In November 2010, again in the person of the Libyan Guide (Mu’ammar Al-Gaddafi), a meeting was held in Timbuktu which hosted mainly Northern Tuareg and concluded with the creation of the National Movement of Azawad (MNA), which rejected all violence & called for a spirit of solidarity of Azawadis throughout Mali as well as abroad. In February 2011, shortly before the outbreak of the Libyan ‘revolution’ — revolution only in name (see the recent revelations of Zied Takieddine and of Silvio Berlusconi about it), ATT spoke during a ceremony near Kidal and announced a major new program for the North, proposing solutions for the urgent restoration of peace and security, and helping young people to find work and to escape ‘illegal and dangerous activities’. Unimpressed, the Tuareg spokesman Hama Ag Sid Ahmed warned: “For many years, we have tried to reopen dialogue with the central authorities. We note that nothing changes on the ground”.

Six months after the ceremony in Kidal, ATT, supported by aid funds & investment of the Libyan Jamahiriya (which were assigned to the project and had been happily transferred to Mali before the freezing of Libyan assets) launched the Programme Spécial pour la Paix, la sécurité et le Développement au Nord-Mali (PSPDN) [Special Programme for peace, security and development in Northern Mali] with a budget of 32 billion CFA francs ($ 65 million), which focused on projects related to security, development, women, youth and income generation. The program received support from the European Union (EU), the World Bank, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and other donors. The program is led by Mohamed Ag Erlaf, a Tuareg native of Kidal.

This is a little over a year and a half ago.

On the one hand we have “ATT” & Mali, member of the African Union (AU) and partner of Libya within a regional development program supported by the latter, some of the other uncoordinated scattered ‘Islamist’ groups claiming to be MUJAO and AQIM (Al Qaida in the Maghreb), sowing disorder wherever their low fire-power and their rudimentary equipment permits — nothing too bad even if it is true that the people of northern Mali suffered from time to time some non-negligible grabs — but at this time the threat from both groups of local traditional (as opposed to extreme) MNA fighters was perfectly manageable by the Malian regular army.Meanwhile the president adopted an attitude that some called passive while giving orders to the north so that the garrisons dealing with the problem of these “jihadist” groups, a president who had no idea of what was happening in the shadows, establishes peace with the Tuareg so there was no longer any danger, but this time the evil also took shape within its own ranks, some orders were lost, leaving quietly to grow and work in bands of fanatics of what would become the Ansar Dine and MNLA, a Trojan horse from the start.The MNLA (National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad) would officially establish on October 16, 2011, claiming the ‘liberation’ and Azawad autonomy, a self-proclaimed successor to the traditional MNA that it strongly rejected for its ‘bad’ aspirations’ and a lot less peaceful than its predecessor, but from Bamako, the problem was manageable and far, with such amplification conflict explanations:

It is clear that if the situation had remained there, without any external intervention whether formal or informal, Mali would clearly have to get out of the problem on its own, despite the temporary loss (to war forces) and the economic as well as diplomatic and military support of a significant ally: the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.

Although the Malian army was under-equipped and a little ‘fragile’ because of local corruption and years of ethnic conflict between the policies of south and north, but faced by uncoordinated and even worse-off groups in terms of thier levels of equipment and weapons compared to the regular Malian armed forces, it was more than adequately able to control the situation, especially with military reinforcements coming from the AU (African Union), it was perfectly possible to have solved the problem in of matter of days without any foreign intervention.

Unfortunately informal and discreet interference (at this stage) from foreign powers, mainly France and Qatar (as they had done in Libya) began to use their diplomatic relations (still informally and discreetly) to finance these jihadist groups and nationalists to give them more resources along the way and a few suitcases of banknotes later: some heads of garrisons, military and North Malian officials began to be lax in respect of the ‘Islamist-nationalist threat’ as much as to leave voluntarily Bamako orders for the arrest of these Islamists and thus to let them grow quietly terrorizing the people of the North a little more every day and making growing concerns for the people of Mali.

ATT, not seeing the betrayal coming, stuck to his commitments, thinking that the army was doing its job and that the threat would soon be swept away…

But about three months after the launch of the PSPDN (see last paragraph ofpart 1) and Bamako measures to curb the threat from the North, in August 2011, the arrival in the territory of Mali of heavily armed Tuareg (or seen as such) was reported. They arrived from Libya via Algeria and Niger. During this observation, the confusion about their true identity, some having argued that they were mercenaries of Gaddafi, while others said that they were ex-Libyan Tuareg soldiers fleeing fighting at home and others spreading the rumour that they were operating a ‘tactical retreat’ of loyalist Libyan soldiers into Malian territory, while nobody (or few people) pointed out that it was also possible that these famous “Tuareg” fighters are commissioned by Libyan “rat” (anti-Jamahiriya) powers attacking Libya to pursue a parallel mission and to lay the foundations for what would be a few months later become the famous entity of MNLA — Ansar Dine, and they quickly understood why nobody would ever speak of this strong possibility.

Less than two weeks after the reporting of these disturbing troop movements, on August 26, 2011, Ibrahim Ag Bahanga (see part 1), former member of the MPA (Mouvement Populaire de Azawad) that integrated in the 1980′s (the integration following the National Pact of 1992), a former officer of the Malian army and Head of ANTM (nationalist movement bringing together Tuareg of Niger-Mali & North) since his defection from the regular army was killed in a “car accident” in northeastern Mali in very mysterious circumstances which remain undetermined so far. Ibrahim ag Bahanga, from Tin-Essako in the region of Kidal in Mali, was the most radical of the Tuareg ‘nationalist’ rebel leaders in Mali. He belonged to the Ifoghas tribe of Tuareg. Mr. Bahanga was believed to have been heavily involved in the recruitment of Tuareg fighters in Libya, which may be explained by the relationship between him and his Tuareg troops, indeed in the 80′s he trained a military Legion of “Green Libya” with other Tuareg rebels in Mali and Niger before returning to northern Mali and bearing arms within the MPA (Popular Movement for the Azawad is from the Popular Movement for the Liberation of ‘Azawad (MPLA) which was divided into two: the Popular Movement for the Azawad (MPA) and the Arab Islamic Front of Azawad (IAAF). In particular, he left the second Tuareg rebellion in June 1990.

Possibly neither this nor his sudden premature death are by chance for Ibrahim Ag Bahanga was not an Islamic extremist but rather a nationalist, a supporter of the independence of the Azawad, who differed from the brothers of the IAAF (Islamists) and MNA (and much more moderate as signatories to peace agreements that required them to reject all forms of new conflict). In addition he was a former officer of the Malian army, so having some form of influence over the troops which he had command over as well as many Malian soldiers, as well as of Tuareg fighters (all groups combined). It seems clear that he was ‘used’ in this specific purpose, that is to say, the recruitment of volunteers for the formation of a new entity for ‘Tuareg’ independence, whether due to his civilian or military status inspiring trust and respect.

Once he accomplished his work he is likely to have been eliminated by the very people who had commissioned him for this work and this best explains his car accident, which is an extremely uncommon event on the long and wide slopes of northern Mali, in fact, once Ibrahim Ag Bahanga was not an Islamist or extremist nationalist-separatist but convinced that he would probably not accept the real project of the so-called companions to fight and would thus have become a very serious obstacle especially when you take into account his influence on Tuareg troops, whether ANTM or among the soldiers of Tuareg origin within the regular Malian army, he could have caused the plan to fail, thus it was necessary to eliminate him and on 26 August 2011 this was now done, and the Islamists’ who were not yet revealed as such now had free rein, and we will see that they would not waste time:

On 16 October 2011, the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) was created in a successful attempt to ‘double’ and to forget the peace of MNA, a true representative of the Tuareg community in northern Mali. The main ‘official’ objective of this new movement is ‘the people out of Azawad the illegal occupation of the territory by Mali azawadien’.

Post image for Qatari planes transporting Mali’s jihadists to Darfur?

Qatari planes transporting Mali’s jihadists to Darfur?

by PHANTOM REPORT on 12 FEBRUARY 2013

Source: Sudan Tribune

Tahir El-Faki, speaker of JEM’s Legislative Assembly reiterated that the Malian jihadist groups are in Darfur region after a large-scale military operation carried out by the French and Malian armies against their positions in northern Mali earlier this month.

“On Monday our people on the ground noticed their presence in Um Sidr in North Darfur state and some areas near Kutum “, El-Faki told Sudan Tribune.

However he expressed some reservations about reports saying they had entered into Darfur through the Libyan border.

Faki went to say that their people at Jebel Um Al Owainat on the border with Libya did not see any vehicle crossing to Sudan recently.

“So, saying they came through Libya is not accurate, unless they were transported by helicopters or other aircrafts from Kuffra in Libya to Kutum in North Darfur”, he concluded.

El-Faki who was in Paris leading a JEM delegation for talks with the French officials said they warned France about the presence of these jihadists in western Sudan, adding that Khartoum may seek in the near future to hand over some of them.

“Sudanese government may deliver some of them to Western countries and demand a reward”, he said. “But maybe they also plan to use them to control areas of Golo and Kutum and force the indigenous population to leave their land in Jebel Marra”, he added.

Sudanese army is fighting the rebel Sudan Liberation Movement – Abdel Wahid (SLM-AW) in Jaldo and Golo after its capture by the rebel group since December 2012.

Different reports circulate about the fate of the Jihadist groups whose leaders have vanished as no information about their whereabouts.

Le Temps d’Algérie, an Algerian daily newspaper in French language suggested that Qatar had dispatched two airplanes to move the leaders of different jihadist groups that many of them are Algerians.

“This information has been circulating recently” said the director of the French Centre for Research on Intelligence (CF2R),Eric Denécé, in statements published by the Algerian daily on 5 February.

Faki underscored that the Islamists who are arrived in North Darfur are from different countries including Mali Niger and Chad and other foreigners. He added that some of them had been already present in Darfur before to move to Mali last year.

Sudanese and French governments did not react openly to the statements made by the rebel groups on the presence of the Malian rebels.

During his visit to Paris JEM delegation explained to the French government, political parties and civil society groups its positions on the different developments in the country. They also held a meeting with the members of the Sudanese community in the French capital.

Appel à la solidarité des mauritaniens avec les peuples du Mali.Vendredi 11 janvier 2013, alors que les groupes salafistes rompaient la trêve entretenue depuis le début de l’année 2012, débutait l’intervention française au Mali, par un engagement aérien, prélude à une intervention de troupes au sol, pour recouvrer l’intégrité territoriale du pays.Très vite, l’avancée de l’envahisseur est stoppée ; les populations du Sud respirent et celles du Nord et du Centre entrevoient l’espoir d’une libération prochaine. La communauté internationale a salué le geste salutaire de la France et requis le déploiement rapide d’une coalition mondiale, avec, en première ligne, des troupes de soldats du Continent, notamment celles de la Communauté des Etats de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (Cedeao) et du Tchad.Bien davantage qu’une guerre d’éradication du terrorisme, la bataille du Mali constitue l’acte de résistance fondateur des populations noires devant la tentative de changer leur mode de vie, par la force brute.Derrière le projet salafiste en Afrique subsaharienne, se profile une vision du monde et de l’Islam, rigoriste, puritaine et réductrice de toute différenciation ; il s’agit d’uniformiser la vie, d’y tuer toute capacité de réflexion et d’innovation ; ici, il n’y a pas de place pour l’égalité de sexes, l’art, la joie de vivre et l’esprit critique.La cité idéale que promeuvent les combattants du néo-wahhabisme ne prospérerait que sur la ruine, totale, des traditions et de la culture africaine, par un processus d’arabisation insidieuse que caractérisent la terreur de masse et le déracinement ; des conséquences pratiques du dessein de dépersonnalisation en cours d’exécution, découlent l’infantilisation de la femme et son exclusion de l’espace public, le recours quasi systématique à l’usage de la peine de mort et la banalisation des amputations.Bien au-delà du Mali, le devenir de cette représentation de l’existence humaine sur terre, aboutirait, à l’instauration d’un totalitarisme sans précédent dans l’histoire de l’Islam et, en touts points, contraire à la longue marche du Prophète Mohamed (Psl). Pour l’intégrité des musulmans et la paix universelle, il n’y pas, encore à ce jour, de menace plus substantielle et crédible. Il en découle le devoir de la combattre, sans hésitation ni faiblesse.A l’intérieur même de la Mauritanie, l’extrémisme religieux s’est infiltré à tous les niveaux de la société d’où la visibilité accrue du voile intégral, un vêtement jusqu’ici exotique; la profusion, dans la rue, des femmes couvertes de noir, se conjugue à leur activisme prosélyte auprès de leurs compatriotes, lors d’assemblées séparées qui se tiennent au grand jour.Les autorités, notamment les services de sécurité, ont laissé entrer les activistes de la haine, en connaissance de cause, impunément; la connivence n’épargne plus aucune structure de l’Etat, pas même la télévision nationale; en quelques années, la propagande islamiste, a fini de soumettre les esprits, par le matraquage et la culpabilité.L’affaire de l’incinération, en 2012, des livres de jurisconsultes musulmans qui légitimaient l’esclavage, a démontré la puissance, la cohésion et l’influence de ces milieux. Leurs véritables visées, apparues alors, dévoilaient une idéologie d’essence discriminatoire, en somme vouées à la conservation d’une féodalité de type ethno-théocratique.Le salafisme – qu’il soit sunnite malékite ou sunnite wahhabite – s’avère l’ultime avatar d’une volonté d’hégémonie qui avance, masquée, sous couvert de la foi. Le péril est au seuil de nos demeures!

Ainsi, nous organisations signataires :

- Dénonçons, avec vigueur, les prêches de certaines mosquées de Mauritanie où l’apologie du terrorisme salafiste s’est exprimée, y compris sur des média officiels ;

- Nous indignons du racisme tacite qui suinte des déclarations d’hommes politiques et de prétendues Fatwas de leaders religieux, osant appeler les croyants, à soutenir les groupes armées, contre la « croisade française» ;

- Appelons le gouvernement mauritanien à apporter, aux troupes de la coalition internationale, assistance et pleine coopération, dans la conduite de l’expédition militaire, en vue de réaliser l’unité du Mali et de préserver ses institutions démocratiques et laïques ;

- Mettons en garde contre les exactions et violences de représailles, sur les populations Arabe et Touarègue, à la faveur de la reconquête.

- Incitons, vivement, les mauritaniens, à constituer, dès à présent, dans les quartiers, les villages et les campements, des groupes d’auto-défense, pour endiguer, voire prévenir l’infiltration wahhabite, à la fois liberticide et source d’appauvrissement intellectuel.

- Invitons les mauritaniens, à se réapproprier les outils de l’authenticité culturelle – poésie, chants, danses, folklore, habilement traditionnel – comme contre-culture de la libération, en réponse à la dissémination du cimetière salafiste sur la surface de la terre.

Nouakchott, le 27 janvier 2013

Signataires :

- IRA-Mauritanie : Biram Ould Dah Ould Abeïd, Président
- SOS-Esclaves : Boubacar Messaoud, Président
- AMDH : Me Fatimata M’Baye, Présidente
- AFCF : Aminetou Mint Ely, Présidente
- Conscience et Résistance : Hacen Ould Lebatt, porte-parole
- LMDH : Me Mine Ould Abdallah, Président
- CSVVDH : Lala Aïcha Ouédrago SY, Présidente
- FONADH : Mamadou Moctar Sarr, Secrétaire Exécutif



Mass demonstrations took place Friday in Mali against the European-American aggression on the Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and the leader of the Libyan revolution, Colonel Muammar Qaddafi.

The protesters wore T-shirts and placards bearing the image of Colonel Gaddafi and chanted their readiness to die to save Libya. International brigades are being formed to stand up against the re-colonization of Africa.

The Jamahariya devoted part of its oil revenues to the development of African countries, including Mali [1]. Libya’s development aid for Africa exceeded that of all Western countries combined.
THIS VIDEO HAS BEEB CENSORED AND DELETED BY YOU-TUBE!!!
[1] “War against Libya: an economic catastrophe for Africa and Europe”, by Thierry Meyssan, Voltaire Network, 4 July 2011.

Voltaire Network, Voltaire, international edition

RT @libya360: Mali and the Strategy of Tension 
MALI: "WAR IS THE CONTINUATION OF POLICY BY OTHER MEANS"
http://www.phantomreport.com/mali-war-is-the-continuation-of-policy-by-other-means

Editor's Note: The terrorism angle for military intervention into Mali is
highly suspicious. The NATO military mission to destabilize Libya was a
strategic catalyst for mass amounts of weapon caches to be smuggled/trafficked
throughout  North Africa to Syria.  As I have stated before, the U.S.
AFRICOM/NATO backed French military intervention into Mali/West Africa is to
establish a containment defense policy. A strategic containment policy to secure
mineral deposits / agricultural regions/oil and LNG, set up  shop for
permanent  militarized  footprints in geographically strategic regions of
Africa,  prevent any African nation from diversifying it's monetary policy away
from the petrodollar and  hinder a Chinese/Russian encroachment.


Source: NPA

Translated

The famous words of Carl von Clausewitz in his book On War, was rarely at
fault. This is also the case in Mali, where the Dutch war, beyond its
justifications "humanitarian" only further political and economic objectives of
French imperialism.



Since April 2012, the population of northern Mali suffered terror and barbarism
imposed by armed groups claiming to Islam: veiled women of strength, stoned
unmarried couples, hands cut off for theft, cigarettes, alcohol or forbidden
dance , closed schools. The south of the country, already miserable, also paid
a high price for the consequences of the partition of the country, rising prices
and shortages, with the massive influx of refugees (around 230,000), not to
mention the establishment of state of emergency, banning all embryonic social
and political protest.

This is why in Mali and the Malian immigration here in France, hope is hard to
see these bands jihadists crushed militarily and finally chased the country so
that it regains its integrity and peace. Left to rejoice in the launched since
January 11, French military intervention, to hang there like a buoy in Mali
because everything seems to have been wrecked.
________________
LOYAL Taureg: CONCERNING the Non-terrorist PEACEFUL (yet still warrior) Taureg who remained in Libya and did not defect,
who are still loyal to the Great Jamahiriya and the Third Universal Theory visioned by Mu’ammar al-Qathafi:
Love of Mu’ammar & the Great Jamahiriya: They will not budge not matter how humiliated![Photo taken at time (30 April 2011)
when NATO murdered Mu'ammar's son Saif al-Arab and 3 of his grandchildren, destoying their home.]


LOYAL Taureg:
Love of Mu’ammar & the Great Jamahiriya: They will not budge not matter how humiliated!
Taureg love Mu, when son Saif al-Arab was murdered
Libyan Tuareg CONCERNS:Tuareg including a tendency peaceful and meet a rare, but they if they feel aggrieved rebelled after patience and managed and Tuareg Libyans did not leave Libya but Jaldoa invaders through history and today they face tough challenges due to the legacy of the past Many Tuareg do not recognize international borders, Vmnatgahm a natural extension of the kingdoms of Hoggar and Alfogas and Almngsath , successive torn countries and famines and wars share in displacement Touareg Mali (Alazoad) to Libya, and for those feeling of belonging more than the advocates of national importers.
After they had been lords of the desert Tuareg in the era of mass, now and in light of the plight of the seventeenth of February has been removed all their rights, even in citizenship and became even less of the second degree.
Even in the so-called National Congress representatives were expelled him and after they laughed at the beginning and Oanmohm freedom slogans that quickly evaporated pink logos.
_________________

# Foreign intervention in Mali make the point!

Facts & Analysis ** geopolitical situation in Mali since the beginning of his attempt at destabilization by outside powers for legitimate non-criminal & **

There are a little over a year & 1/2 ..

On one side we had ATT & Mali, discreet & informal supports most of the officiating of Libyan Jamahiriya & the other a few scattered groups uncoordinated claiming to MUJAO & AQIM, sowing trouble there where their low firepower & their rudimentary equipment permitted, nothing too bad even if it is true that the people of northern Mali suffered occasionally raid a few non-negligible, but at this time the threat was perfectly manageable as by groups of fighters MNA by traditional Malian army regular, however ATT had assurance of healthy Libyan leader and his troops, he therefore adopted a passive attitude allowing carte blanche guide to “manage” the problem from its positions and on the other giving “orders” to the north so that the garrisons dealing with the problem of these jihadist groups, the real problem was rather the ATT MNLA, officially established October 16, 2011, claiming “liberation” & Azawad autonomy, self-proclaimed successor of the traditional MNA that he strongly rejected in its aspirations for “dubious” & much less peaceful than its predecessor, but once again seen Bamako, problem was manageable & far left believe such an amplification of the conflict ..

Unfortunately it was not relied on informal and discreet interference (at this stage) from foreign powers, mainly France & Qatar (mandating one another) who started to use their diplomatic relations (still informally discreetly &) & finance these jihadist groups to give them more “means” along the way & a few suitcases of banknotes later, some heads of garrisons, military & North Malian officials have begun to show soft on the “Islamist threat” Franco-Qatari up to lose out from Bamako orders for the arrest of Islamists to let them grow slowly, terrorizing northern populations each day a little more & by growing anxiety the rest of the people of Mali, ATT does not see the betrayal coming stuck to its commitments, thinking that the army was doing his job and that the threat would soon be swept away ..

Meanwhile, Qatar & France are passed to the higher speed and the name of the MNLA began to be more annoying, France brought him all the support necessary to develop a mini-project prefiguring the political split Mali, in particular by providing them with many counselors and an office in Paris, meanwhile, Qatar when he was involved in the formation of Ansar Dine, whose name is mentioned for the first time in December 2011, bringing together jihadists MUJAO & AQIM, complementing their ranks by sending Takfirists 4 corners of the world, and their arms ..

It is during this period that the MNLA decided to took action to invade the North & city by city to create an autonomous state, that of Azawad, since ATT took short & believing his army the blow is left overtaken by events, inevitably when corrupt officials gets involved more & nothing will change data. Taking northern Mali was therefore a formality for the fighter MNLA (funded and supported by France among others) & the Malian army suffered a crushing defeat, the cities of Azawad falling one after the other, forcing garrisons North to retreat, surprised by the firepower of those opposite on which we would not bet a few months ago as the surprise was total defeat real & humiliation that left the Mali & his army in shock .. Of course, like Iraq or Libya, corruption among leaders garrisons contributed greatly to facilitate the task of “independence” that Mali reassures his army, if it had not been parasitized by the enemy had ample face & restore the integrity of the country to the far north, but fate has decided otherwise.

It is important to note that many supporters of the MNLA were true nationalist supporters of former MNA or simply people who were tired of being left out against the South & the capital Bamako, necessarily MNLA with its beautiful program concocted by French speakers attracted to crowds, including those that were not necessarily partisan split of Mali, but these people, desperate for the most part were persuaded that it was the only solution to regain some dignity ..

On 13 March 2012, while the entire Azawad is practically in the hands of the MNLA, former Tuareg leader Iyad Ag Ghali sends a video claiming that the movement Ansar Dine, mentioned for the first time in December 2011, has played a key in the conflict, but he is fighting for the imposition of Sharia law and against the independence of Azawad.

Ansar Dine started to dissociate from MNLA & to advocate an official application of Sharia, that argument was largely suppressed if the intentions were clearly stated in the propaganda of the political head of the MNLA (held by France) in the North, before the “taking” of Azawad, but dogs are smart & they took advantage of fuzzy orbiting the true identity of the MNLA & the confusion caused by its resemblance to the MNA, yet fundamentally different, to “melt” into the ground, waiting patiently for their time, this time happened with taking Azawad, long awaited by the traitors to “let slip the dogs!”

March 15, 2012, in an interview with the French daily Le Figaro, Mr Touré (ATT) indicates that the rebellion is a consequence of the sinking of the Libyan conflict and accused of supporting the rebellion AQIM. History will prove that he was partly right.

It is from this crucial moment that everything is accelerating: the countries affected by the division, a nation reeling in the image of his army retreating & fleeing North, leaving barracks, weapons & equipment, military & political hierarchy completely disorganized by foreign bribery as well as events that nobody thought they could take place in short, the perfect breeding ground for the future because as you know the story does not stop there Unfortunately, far from the same ..

It is therefore in full loss of credibility in the eyes of his people and of his army ATT, its government and his staff have faced the situation and as you see for yourself they were far exceeded the magnitude of the events that nobody expected, except perhaps those which had been handsomely “bribe”.

On 21 March 2012, the Malian soldiers mutinied in Gao and Bamako to protest against the misbehavior of war and lack of resources. The mutinous troops converge on the presidential palace and the offices of the television station TV-ORTM. Sporadic gunfire were reported in Bamako & the next day, March 22, 2012, something happens: a program broadcast at dawn, a group of soldiers belonging to the National Committee indicating for the recovery of the state and the restoration of Democracy (CNRDRE) announced a coup, accusing Mr. Touré (ATT) have misbehaved war (which is true but when we know the whole story soon realizes ATT to doing what he could to despite repeated betrayals internal). The CNRDRE announced the suspension of the constitution, the establishment of a curfew and closure of borders. Number of stores and shops remain closed in Bamako. The location of President Toure is unknown, but the media reports that he would be safe. Following the coup, several ministers and political leaders are imprisoned.

The coup was immediately condemned by the United States (to look good) and the African Union (which is legitimate). In response to the coup, the MNLA reaffirms its goal of formal independence of Azawad & maintain its military positions in the north.

In addition to the catastrophic plight & affecting the country, ATT therefore face the now famous rebellion Sanogo, temporary hero of Mali, to which it is turned all hopes.

We can not say with certainty whether Sanogo knew then that if there was also a pawn in this huge board, but it is clear that he has played a major role in this crisis, and unfortunately for Malians role far from being positive even though at that time it facilitated the appearance spot, in fact, we had one side that only had one Azawad one but two groups of commands, one radical Islamic & (Ansar Dine) become “uncontrollable” for the MNLA and leaving the worst hope for the future of the entire country, and the other a government to its knees & a routed army does not really reassuring the people of Mali.

The CNRDRE, through the voice of the person & Sanogo, so to play its role as the Malian people waiting Sanogo human situation, a strong man who takes the front, a ranking military Furthermore, what was a very good card since with a routed army had to restore the image of the Malian army & military show that after ressaisissaient knockouts given by the MNLA & especially Ansar Dine.

The people in Mali so massively supported the rebellion ATT & Sanogo, President legitimate therefore been rejected by this coup, at this stage the first major objective of the conspirators (France / Qatar / NATO) was filled, ATT was & therefore more political obstacle to intervention in Libya and Algeria from the ground Mali was therefore much more feasible, possible but not yet practicable, this is where the second stage of the “project”.

Things did not perform as quickly as hoped by these foreign powers & their allies (thank you God) & can not “surf” on the wave of confusion sown by all these events, in particular because of the stubborn resistance to Libyan Tuareg & within the Azawad, the Sahel and South-Libya, the “conspirators” have changed the tactics, indeed Sanogo with a strong popular support was “back north” & enable France to Qatar & d achieve their true objectives, ie Libya & Algeria, however, given the quagmire of special forces of NATO on the Libyan border & International & discontent especially African (AU) increasing towards the unstable situation in Mali, he had to improvise & procrastinate ..

It is in this spirit & improvisational delay until 26 March 2012, the Security Council of the United Nations & ECOWAS condemns the seizure of power by the CNRDRE and “demand an end to violence and return to the barracks “. The Security Council called for the “restoration of constitutional order”, and the elections to the date previously selected.

The leaders of the military junta ignore requests ECOWAS and refuse to leave office, reiterating their demands for open transition to civilian rule and the restoration of constitutional law. Meanwhile rebels rose again and again to the south and 31 March 2012, the decision confirms MNLA Gao. New blow to Mali since & misfortune never comes alone e MNLA reported the defection of Colonel Major Elhadj Ag Gamou, a former rebel leader who led the operations of government forces in the north. In a statement released to the MNLA Kidal, Mr. Gamou called “all Azawadis to join and strengthen the MNLA in its struggle for independence.”

In response to the growing instability of the Muslim and Christian leaders are calling for peace during a rally that gathered 25,000 people in a stadium in Bamako, Mali urging leaders and heads of state to work to establish regional dialogue.

On 5 April 2012, the Security Council UN calls for a cease-fire in the north and the return of democracy. The MNLA, which at last reached his goal, announced the end of military operations in northern Mali & 6 April 2012, the MNLA formally declares independence Azawad in northern Mali and calls for a cease- unilateral ceasefire.

It is from this moment Ansar Dine “takes over” and becomes completely uncontrollable, breeding & torture atrocities on the people of the North who refuse to submit to Sharia or simply their good will.

Despite pressure from the AU, ECOWAS & UN Sanogo is good and pursues its objective “official”, the transition to “election” or rather the appointment of an interim president, this which was done on April 12, 2012 by the inauguration of Dioncounda Traoré, President of the National Assembly of Mali as “interim president” of Mali, following the “withdrawal” of the CNRDRE coup led by Sanogo, under an agreement with the Commonwealth of Independent States of West Africa (ECOWAS), and the resignation (forced) the deposed president, Amadou Toumani Touré (ATT).

What should have marked the end of a long series of internal conflict in the southern part of Mali & a possible improvement in the North n’à planted in reality even more confusion among the people, not knowing too that governs between an interim president really trying to make a good figure, a “Premier” invested “full powers” & a captain Sanogo who pretended to withdraw to better pull the strings behind the scenes, not to mention the African organ dysfunction ECOWAS impeding measures snuff by the UA & replacing it clearly with the blessing of the international community, since that time Malians have the impression of having “two presidents” see 3, which does nothing to Malian people’s interests nor even continuous return of the order of unity & Mali ..

& What do we have now?

At a time when the AU conceded to sending an African force in support of the Malian army regularly to repel the MNLA & jihadists, ECOWAS to use his weight and his warm relations with the West to intervene & get a UN Security Council decision, this resulting in the sending of troops French & German to “support” the Malian army while a purely African solution only see Mali was fully possible, these foreign forces after suffering some losses “unexpected” (desired but unofficially) would seek the support of the U.S. Army & therefore regular forces of NATO ..

CONCLUSIONS:

The split of Mali was planned & organized by foreign powers (including French & Qataris), as the eviction of the division of ATT & Malian people, all in order to be able to enter NATO forces on Malian soil directly targeted to the South & the Libyan loyalist forces guide (Gaddafi) & to indirect pressure on Algeria (which will surely be targeted in turn shortly).

Who are the victims?

The answer is again obvious, just follow the dead ..

May God protect Africa ..

# David B. Ferraz for info’Monde. 12/01/2013
Special unit of the Malian army Douantza of 20 Km.
International war against the armed groups in Northern Mali is being

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TV5 – RFI | Africa News | 28 January 2012 

Azawad in which groups of heavily armed Tuareg launched a series of attacks against lightning positions of the Malian army in the towns of Menaka, Tessalit, Lere and Anderamboukane.

These groups are composed partly of hundreds from Mali who fled Libya after the fall of the Supreme Guide “Amghar the” Gaddafi.

Most of these Tuareg in Libya fought in the regiment No. 9 “Foj Tassah” Ali Kana (الفوج التاسع علي كنه), the commando AL Magghawir and  brigade No. 32 Special Forces Khamis Gaddafi اللواء (32) كتيبة خميس القذافي).

__________________________________________________________________________

Here are those who flipped their allegiance after the fall of Gaddafi and fled in support of EVIL SALAFISTS:

They are led by a disgruntled  former militiaman of Mu’ammar al-Qathafi, Mohamed Najjim (ag Nagem).

The first group to turn from Jamahiriyan democracy is associated with a brigade, newly created Salafi and obedience, called , the “Ansar Eddine” led by Iyad ag Ghaly, former Consul of Mali ATT appointed by the President in Saudi Arabia. These two armed groups have come to associate the “old” historical movement of the Tuareg Azawad Alliance May 23, deserters from the Malian army of disappointed corrupt regime Bamako and various factions loyalties and changing allegiances as opportunists exiles living in Europe, some in concubinage with French journalists, radio and television and NGO activists organizing hype and operations lobying in Paris, Stockholm, Manchester, etc.

 

The second Group, turning 180°, have openly  affliated themselves with Al-QAEDA:
Azawad war criminals fleeing Libya and wanted dead or alive by Libyan 17 February Insurrectionists were recruited by AL-QAEDA (as were some other Tuareg of Niger, including the industry Malio Nigerian financed and supported for decades by Muammar al-Qathafi,  whose best-known members are:

Ibrahim Bahanga (liquidated in August 2011, Praise be to God) Ali Kana (علي كنه) (fleeing) Aghali (Aghaly) Ag Alambo (اغالي آغ الومبو) (protected by the government Niger), Rhissa Ag Boula (ريسا آغ بولا) (protected by the Government of Niger), Issa Al-Bassbass (عيسى حسن البسباس) (fleeing Algeria), Issa Tilelli (fleeing in Algeria Ouargla between Algiers and Ghadames ), Mohamed Lamine Ag Imikal (fleeing Mali) Sidilama Imikal Ag (fleeing Mali), Mohamed Nagem (محمد ناجم) (MNLA military chief in northern Mali), Awanz Emakadeye Ag (fleeing in Mali) Back Inackly Ag (fleeing Mali) Boutali ag Tchiwerin (protected by the government of Niger), etc..

For videos of Malian’s captured or neutralized by the by the rats CALLING THEMSELVES  IN  Libya “Libyan February 17″ (see in particular ):

Recolonisation du Mali : 500 Millions $ de plus pour les soldats de Hollande [ENTV][21-01-2013]
by Sidahmed Rayyisse

_________________________________

Mu in Maili 10 April 2006

Mu in MALI

Article published Tuesday, 11 April 2006

The international airport of Bamako Senou lived yesterday afternoon, one of his moments of intense joy and fervor with visit to our country of the Guide of the Revolution of the Great Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Muammar al-Qathafi . 

Surf crowd and official vehicles, entertainment groups of all kinds, orchestras, folk groups, traditional dances, Dogon masks: the members of the host District prepared a colorful home to the illustrious guest of Mali . All took place under the supervision of an impressive safety device consisting of Malian security forces and Libyan presidential guards.
It was 4:50 p.m. when the Airbus A 300-600 of Libyan President landed on the tarmac. Five minutes later, wearing a white jacket, wearing a string of medals and wearing a turban sand color appears Colonel Muammar El Gaddafi. At the bottom of the bridge, waiting for President Amadou Toumani Touré. Hugs, handshakes and discount gourds cola. After reviewing the troops making honors, and his illustrious guest ATT go round entertainment groups before joining the VIP lounge of the airport.

“I am delighted to return once again in my second home and be with my dear brother Amadou Toumani Touré. I’m not a stranger, Mali is my country and I mean that sincerely. This is why I came to celebrate alongside my brothers and sisters the Malian feast of the Nativity of the Prophet Muhammad, PBUH. This is a historic event because it is the celebration of the birth of the last messenger. Mohammed, as you know is not only the prophet of Muslims, it is a universal prophet, “

said Leader of the Great Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. 

The procession gets underway. Already at the exit of the airport, Bamako massed along the road, chanting the names of the two presidents and wave their portraits. But the real walkabout for Amadou Toumani Touré and Muammar al-Qathafi was to the entrance of the district Faladié, at the Tour of Africa where they are met by the District Governor, Ibrahim Koné Fefe, surrounded municipal authorities. 

Standing in a green limousine, President Amadou Toumani Toure and his host are applauded by the crowd along the path through the Avenue of the OAU exchanger Badalabougou, Fahd Bridge to the residence of the Ambassador of Libya in the heart of the area ACI Hamdallaye.

The two leaders settled under a large tent erected for the occasion in this forum.  President Touré then took leave of the Libyan leader. Today, the two  will attend Friday prayers at noon and half the Bamako Grand Mosque. The day rounds off with a dinner at the palace of Koulouba.
Amadou Toumani Touré and Muammar al-Qathafi will go tomorrow to Mopti, Segou with steps and San. Sunday, they take the road to Timbuktu via Douentza.

MN TRAORÉ

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Post image for AFRICOM: against China from Mali

AFRICOM: against China from Mali

by PHANTOM REPORT on 27 JANUARY 2013

Source: REDSOP

A new face that demon chasing, Belmokhtar-Mokhtar, head of al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb-hidden in a strategic territory to conquer, Mali. Too much like the fable of “Bin Laden in Afghanistan”!

Interestingly, this “dangerous” group never attack Western interests: was involved in kidnapping, looting and smuggling. Now, the perfect excuse to offer the new conquerors of Mali to militarize the Sahel, whose people suffered and were fighting a famine of magnitude.

Under the fraudulent guise of “fighting terrorism”, the spectacular military aggression of France, designed by the Pentagon, has more serious goals to beat four fundamentalists who cut hands. That’s what makes the aliadísima Saudi Arabia and what they plan to do the al-Qaedist that govern because of NATO’s “new and democratic Libya.” Charles de Gaulle said that “France has no friends, only interests.” And is that uranium supplies in this region the 54 French nuclear plants in the country, and China there is presented as a dangerous rival.

United States, its European allies and China fought a tough battle, but with different strategies, to expand its influence in Africa and ensure their access to resources and markets. This new round of wars started when China set foot in the area of influence of Western powers and becomes its “strategic depth”.

Mali, after Ivory Coast, Sudan (Dtrás the partition of Sudan) and Libya (Libya: a business round war) is the fourth African country invaded in 2007 following the creation of AFRICOM, the U.S. command for Africa which aims is to contain the growing presence of China and stifle the liberation struggles of African peoples. Their practices are similar those applied to U.S. Latin America in the 70s and 80s: conspiracy, kidnapping, torturing …

The military occupation, the return to the more sinister dimension of colonialism, is mainly due to the fragility of corrupt and incompetent governments allied to the West. This will ensure long-term access to the vast natural resources of the continent. The “soft colonization” China is practicing a new approach that gives these governments compelling competitive advantages: its raw materials in exchange for donations, soft loans and infrastructure construction. With this method, China has, since 2009, in the first trading partner of Africa.

In Mali operate twenty Chinese companies. Across Africa are present more than a million of its citizens, who do the same as Westerners, but hit shots.

Since the forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), held in Beijing in 2000 and brought together fifty heads of state on the continent, had unnerved Washington. There are billionaires and investment contracts agreed to progress in depressed regions. Since then, China has offered loans to Africa have been more and more advantages than the World Bank, the IMF, the U.S. and Europe. Along with the other BRICS countries called, Beijing plans to create a development bank for the continent, thereby challenging the policies of the IMF and World Bank. Do you do it with the billions of dollars of U.S. debt stored in your box?

Too many and vital interests so they can avoid an armed clash. China has entered what was the European hinterland. After the United States forced him to leave Iraq, Sudan and Libya, its oil suppliers, and reduce its purchases of Iranian crude by UN sanctions, China has turned to Africa as a strategic depth.

AFRICOM plans to implement a central headquarters with branches all over the continent, in which the former colonialists, France, Britain, Portugal and Spain, will have responsibility and benefit, which contrasts with the fact that the Asian giant has no military bases off their land. Maintain global hegemony cost: U.S. Pentagon budget rose from 267,000 million in 2000 to 708,200 million in 2011.

Dangerously rich

In the decade of the 90 United States fought against France in Congo, in a proxy war-delegated to the tribes and without spilling the blood of the white man to take control of their diamonds, coltan and cobalt among other strategic minerals, and 1,000 million dollars his gold produced each year. Therefore, massacred hundreds of thousands of Congolese. In 2008 the U.S. nightmare had Asian features: China had signed some agreements with President Joseph Kabila in the amount of 9,000 million would pay the roads, railways, hospitals and dams in exchange for participating in the business of copper and coltan, which is exported to China for processing.

Today, China imports two million barrels of oil a day from Sudan, Angola and Congo, 30% of its total imports, also a quarter of oil and raw materials consumed by the United States come from these territories.

In the past decade China has invested 15.0000 million in Africa and has become its largest trading partner. Since 2006, trade between the two has tripled. Western companies lose contracts, and financial markets, claims that Africans solicited for funds from financial institutions

Beijing presents the alternative is attractive to African leaders, not for citizens who see their raw materials are depleted, in exchange for technology and products, sometimes, with all the quality of a hundred. It is unbalanced and unsustainable relationship, although it has not damaged the image of Asians or has caused feelings against him.

China and the United States amounts still uses the strategy of tension useless, that only benefits one of the main pillars of its economy: the military industry.

Post image for US military plans drone base near Mali: Official

US military plans drone base near Mali: Official

by PHANTOM REPORT on JANUARY 28, 2013

Source: Times of India

The US military plans to set up a base for drones in northwest Africa to bolster surveillance of al-Qaida’s affiliate in the region as well as allied Islamist extremists, a US official told AFP on Monday.

The base for the robotic, unmanned aircraft would likely be located in Niger, on the eastern border of Mali, where French forces are currently waging a campaign against al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity.

The base was first reported by the New York Times earlier on Monday.

The airfield would allow for better intelligence gathering by unarmed drones on the movement of AQIM and other militants, which Washington considers a growing threat, the official said.

If the plan gets the green light, up to 300 US military service members and contractors could be sent to the base to operate the drone aircraft, according to the New York Times.

US Africa Command was also looking at an alternative location for the base in Burkina Faso, the official said.

The United States and Niger signed a status of forces agreement Monday, which will provide legal safeguards for any American forces in the country. The Pentagon secures such agreements for base arrangements or troop deployments.

The head of Africa command, General Carter Ham, was due to visit Niamey on January 11.

The French intervention in Mali, the recent hostage taking at an Algerian natural gas plant and the deadly assault on a US consulate in Libya in September has increased the demand in Washington for more intelligence on militants in the region.

As news emerged of the planned drone base, the Wall Street Journal reported that US military and intelligence officials were weighing plans to provide French fighter aircraft with sophisticated data to help them hunt down militants in Mali.

President Barack Obama’s administration waited for more than two weeks before agreeing to offer aerial refueling tankers to the French forces, amid concerns among some advisers that assisting the French could draw the United States into an open-ended conflict.

The Obama administration has also provided transport planes to help ferry French weapons and troops and to share intelligence with Paris from surveillance aircraft, including reportedly unmanned Global Hawk spy planes.

Additional Info NYT: U.S. Plans Base for Surveillance Drones in Northwest Africa

The Crisis in Mali: A Historical Perspective on the Tuareg People

Global Research, February 01, 2013

Currently the ongoing situation in Mali is gaining traction in the media with the reporting of Al Qaeda members within the ranks of the Tuareg rebels.

The situation in quite complicated and involves not only France, but also the US and partially Canada and links to the interests of these Western powers with not just Mali, but with the African continent as a whole.

However, in order to get a better handle on the situation, there must first be an understanding of the domestic actors, namely the Tuareg people.

The Tuareg People

The Tuareg are a people that have lived in northern Mali “as early as the fifth century BCE” [1] according to Herodotus. After establishing the city of Timbuktu in the 11th century, the Tuareg “traded, traveled, and conquered throughout Saharan” over the next four centuries, eventually converting to Islam in the 14th century, which allowed them to “gain great wealth trading salt, gold, and black slaves.” [2] This independence was swept away when the French colonized Mali when they “defeated the Tuareg at Timbuktu and established borders and administrative districts to rule the area until Mali declared independence in 1960.” [3] The Tuareg people have consistently wanted self-independence and in pursuit of such goals have engaged in a number of rebellions.

The first was in 1916 when, in response to the French not giving the Tuareg their own autonomous zone (called Azawad) as was promised, they revolted. The French violently quelled the revolt and “subsequently confiscated important grazing lands while using Tuaregs as forced conscripts and labor – and fragmented Tuareg societies through the drawing of arbitrary boundaries between Soudan [Mali] and its neighbors.”[4]

Yet, this did not end the Tuareg goal of an independent, sovereign state. Once the French had ceded Mali independence, the Tuareg began to push toward their dream of establishing Azawad once again with “several prominent Tuareg leaders [lobbying] for a separate Tuareg homeland consisting of northern Mali and parts of modern day Algeria, Niger, Mauritania. [...] [However,] black politicians like Modibo Keita, Mali’s first President, made it clear that independent Mali would not cede its northern territories.” [5]

The First Tuareg Rebellion

In the 1960s, while the independence movements in Africa were ongoing, the Tuareg once again vied for their own autonomy, known as the Afellaga rebellion. The Tuareg were greatly oppressed by the government of Modibo Keita, which came into power after the French had left, as they “were singled out for particular discrimination, and were more neglected than others in the distribution of state benefits,” which may have been due to the fact that “most of the senior leadership of post-colonial Mali were drawn from the southern ethnic groups who were not sympathetic to the pastoral culture of the northern desert nomads.” [6]

In addition to this, the Tuareg felt that the government’s policy of ‘modernization’ was in reality an attack on the Tuareg themselves as the Keita government enacted policies such as “land reform that threatened [the Tuareg’s] privileged access to agricultural products.” [7] Specifically, Keita “had moved increasingly in the direction of [establishing a version of] the Soviet collective farm and had created state corporations to monopolize the purchase of basic crops.” [8]

In addition to this, Keita left customary land rights unchanged “except when the state needed land for industry or transport. Then the Minister of Rural Economy issued a decree of acquisition and registration in the name of the state, but only after publication of notice and a hearing to determine customary claims.” [9] Unfortunately for the Tuareg, this unchanging of customary land rights did not apply to the subsoil that was on their land. Instead, this subsoil was turned into a state monopoly due to Keita’s desire to ensure that no one became a capitalist based on the discovery of subsoil resources.

This had a major negative impact on the Tuareg as they had a pastoral culture and the subsoil helps to “determine what kind of crops can be grown in any area and, therefore, what livestock can be raised.” [10] Thus, by creating a state monopoly on subsoil, the Keita government was effectively in control of what the Tuareg would be able to grow and therefore in control of their very lives.

This oppression eventually boiled over and became the first Tuareg rebellion, which began with small hit-and-run attacks on government forces. However, it was quickly crushed due to the Tuareg lacking “a unified leadership, a well-coordinated strategy or clear evidence of a coherent strategic vision.” [11] In addition to this, the rebels were unable to mobilize the entire Tuareg community.

The Malian military, well-motivated and [well-equipped] with new Soviet weapons, conducted vigorous counterinsurgency operations. By the end of 1964, the government’s strong arm methods had crushed the rebellion. It then placed the Tuareg-populated northern regions under a repressive military administration. [12]

Yet while the Malian military may have won the battle, they failed to win the war as their heavy-handed tactics only alienated Tuareg who didn’t support the insurgency and not only did the government fail to follow through on promises to improve the local infrastructure and increase economic opportunity. To avoid the military occupation of their communities and also due to massive drought in the 1980s, many Tuareg fled to nearby countries such as Algeria, Mauritania, and Libya. Thus, the grievances of the Tuareg went unaddressed, only creating a situation in which a rebellion would once again occur.

The Second Tuareg Rebellion

The raging inferno that was the spirit of independence of the Tuareg people once again came back to life in 1990. It must be noted that Tuareg had greatly changed since the 1960s and moved from a socialist government to a military dictatorship that (due to massive pressure from the people) quickly changed to a transitional government with military and civilian leaders, finally fully becoming democratic in 1992. [13]

While Mali was transitioning to a democracy, the Tuareg people were still suffering under the boot of oppression. Three decades after the first rebellion, the occupation of Tuareg communities still had not ended and “resentment fueled by the harsh repression, continued dissatisfaction with government policies, and perceived exclusion from political power led various Tuareg and Arab groups to begin a second rebellion against the Malian government.” [14] The second rebellion was sparked due to “attacks on non-Tuareg Malians [at] the southernmost edge of the Tuareg regions [which led to] skirmishes between the Malian army and Tuareg rebels.” [15]

Yet it did not last long as the first major step to peace was made in 1991 by the transitional government and resulted in the Tamanrasset Accords, which was negotiated in Algeria between the military government of Lt. Colonel Amadou Toumani Touré (that had taken power in a coup on March 26, 1991) and the two major Tuareg factions, The Azaouad Popular Movement and the Arabic Islamic Front of Azawad, on January 6, 1991. In the Accords, the Malian military agreed to “disengage from the running of the civil administration and will proceed to the suppression of certain military posts,” “avoid zones of pasture land and densely populated zones,” to be “confined to their role of defense of the integrity of the territory at the frontiers,” [16] and created a ceasefire between the two main Tuareg factions and the government.

However, not all of the Tuareg factions signed onto the Accords as many rebel groups demanded “among other concessions, the removal of current administrators in the north and their replacement with local representatives.” [17] The Accords represented a political compromise in which more autonomy was granted to Tuareg communities and local and regional councils made up of local representatives were established, yet the Tuareg still remained a part of Mali. Thus, the Accords were not the end all be all of the situation as tensions remained between the Tuareg and the Malian government.

The transitionary government of Mali attempted to negotiate with the Tuareg. This culminated in the April 1992 National Pact between the Malian government and several Tuareg factions. The National Pact allowed for “integration of Tuareg combatants into the Malian armed forces, demilitarization of the north, economic integration of northern populations, and a more detailed special administrative structure for the three northern regions.” [18] After Alpha Konaré was elected president of Mali in 1992, he furthered the process of Tuareg autonomy by not only honoring the concessions made in the National Pact but by removing the structure of federal and regional governments and allowing authority to take hold at the local level. Yet, decentralization had a greater political purpose, as it “effectively co-opted the Tuareg by allowing them a degree of autonomy and the benefits of remaining in the Republic.” [19]

However, this attempt to deal with the Tuareg did not hold as the National Pact only renewed debate about the unique status of Tuareg people and some rebel groups, such as the Arabic Islamic Front of Azawad, did not attend the National Pact talks [20] and the violence continued, eventually resulting in the deaths of 6,000-8,000 people before an peace agreement was signed by all factions.

It must be noted that the introduction the Arabic Islamic Front of Azawad to the Tuareg rebellion is also the introduction of radical Islam to the Tuareg fight for independence. The emergence of radical Islam was greatly aided by the Gaddafi regime. During the 1970s many Tuareg had fled to Libya and other countries, mainly for economic opportunity. Once there, Gaddafi “welcomed them with open arms. He gave them food and shelter. He called them brothers. He also started training them as soldiers.” [21] Gaddafi then used these soldiers to found the Islamic Legion in 1972. The goal of the Legion was to “further [Gaddafi’s own] territorial ambitions in the African interior and advance the cause of Arab supremacy.” [22] The Legion was sent to fight the in Niger, Mali, Palestine, Lebanon, and Afghanistan. However, the Legion came to an end due to the price of oil declining in 1985, which meant that Gaddafi could no longer afford to recruit and train fighters. Coupled with the Legion’s crushing defeat in Chad, the organization was disbanded which left many Tuareg going back to their homes in Mali with large amounts of combat experience. The role of Libya played a role not only in the third Tuareg rebellion, but also in the current, ongoing fighting. [23]

The Third Tuareg Rebellion

The third rebellion was not so much a rebellion, but rather an insurgency that kidnapped and killed members of the Malian military.

The insurgency began in May 2006, when “a group of Tuareg army deserters attacked military barracks in Kidal region, seizing weapons and demanding greater autonomy and development assistance.” [24] The former general Amadou Toumani Toure had won presidential elections in 2002 and reacted to the violence by working with a rebel coalition known as the Democratic Alliance for Change to establish a peace agreement that solely restated that Malian government’s commitment to improving the economy in the northern areas where the rebels lived. However, many rebels such as Ibrahim Ag Bahanga, who was killed just last year, [25] refused to abide by the peace treaty and continued to terrorize the Malian military until the government of Mali deployed a large offensive force to eliminate the insurgency. [26]

Yet, the fight for Tuareg independence remains and leads us into the current, ongoing rebellion.

Notes

[1] Ann Hershkowitz, The Tuareg in Mali and Niger: The Role of Desertification in Violent Conflict, American University, http://www1.american.edu/ted/ice/tuareg.htm(August 2005)

[3] Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center, Tamashek Cultural Orientationhttp://famdliflc.lingnet.org/products/Tamashek/co_tt/tamashek.pdf

[4] Minority Rights, Tuareghttp://www.minorityrights.org/?lid=5315&tmpl

[5] Aman Sethi, “Battle Reveals Islamists Riding Over Ethnic Faultllines,” The Hindu, January 14, 2012 (http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-international/battle-reveals-islamists-riding-over-ethnic-faultlines/article4305856.ece)

[6] Global Security, Tuareg – Mali – 1962-1964http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/tuareg-mali-1962.htm

[7] Colonel Dan Henk, Lieutenant Colonel Kalifa Keita, Conflict and Conflict Resolution in the Sahel: The Tuareg Insurgency in Mali, Strategic Studies Institute,http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/pub200.pdf

[8] John N. Hazard, “Marxian Socialism in Africa: The Case of Mali,” Comparative Politics 2:1 (1969), pg 4

[9] Hazard, pg 4

[10] Forest Preserve District of Cook County, IL, Topsoil and Subsoilhttp://www.newton.dep.anl.gov/natbltn/300-399/nb372.htm

[12] Ibid

[13] Jaimie Bleck, “Countries at the Crossroads 2011 – Mali,” Freedom House, November 10, 2011 (http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/publisher,FREEHOU,,MLI,4ecba6492f,0.html)

[14] Freedom House, November 10, 2011

[15] Jennifer C. Seely, “A Political Analysis of Decentralisation: Coopting the Tuareg Threat in Mali,” The Journal of Modern African Studies 39:3 (2001), pg 9

[16] Uppsala Conflict Data Program, Tamanrasset Accordhttp://www.ucdp.uu.se/gpdatabase/peace/mal19910106.pdf

[17] Seely, pg 9

[18] Seely, pg 10

[19] Seely, pg 15

[20] Katharine Murison, ed., Africa South of the Sahara 2003, 32 ed. (London, England: The Gresham Press, 2003) pg 640

[21] Jeffrey Gettleman, “Libyan Oil Buys Allies for Qaddafi,” New York Times, March 16, 2011 (http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/16/world/africa/16mali.html?_r=0)

[22] Andrew McGregor, “Can African Mercenaries Save the Libyan Regime?,” Jamestown Foundation, February 23, 2011 (http://www.jamestown.org/programs/gta/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=37551&cHash=4e5f37dc8755b53452b6de6c97eef96a)

[23] Glen Johnson, “Libya weapons aid Tuareg rebellion in Mali,” Los Angeles Times, June 12, 2012 (http://articles.latimes.com/2012/jun/12/world/la-fg-libya-arms-smuggle-20120612)

[24] Freedom House, Mali, Freedom in the World 2009http://www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/mali

[25] “Tuareg leader’s death linked to Libya arms trade,” France 24, August 27, 2011 (http://www.france24.com/en/20110827-mali-tuareg-leader-death-linked-libyan-weapons)

[26] “Army claims victory in clashes with Tuareg rebels,” France 24, January 2, 2009 (http://www.france24.com/en/20090102-mali-army-clashes-tuareg-rebels-claims-victory)

Devon DB is a 21 year old independent researcher and writer. He can be contacted at devondb[at]mail[dot]com.

Targeting Mali

Posted: 2013/01/29
From: Mathaba
Print | Share | 1 Comments
At issue is scrambling for Africa`s resources. They`re vast. They`re some of the world`s largest and richest.by Stephen LendmanAfrica’s natural resources include oil, gas, gold, silver, diamonds, uranium, iron, copper, tin, lead, nickel, coal, cobalt, bauxite, wood, coltan, manganese, chromium, vanadium-bearing titanium, agricultural lands, and offshore fishing.AFRICOM was established to pursue them. Resource/mineral wars define America’s agenda.Mali is strategically located. It’s West Africa’s largest country. It’s more than double the size of France. It borders on seven nations. They include Algeria, Niger, Mauritania, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Guinea, and Cote D’Ivoire (Ivory Coast).Its northwestern area is largely arid desert or semi-desert. The Sahel runs through its central region. Rainfall and rivers make southwestern territory marginally more lush than the rest of the country.The Niger River is its most important geographic feature. It traverses the Sahel and southeastern region. It’s a major transportation artery.Mali’s resources matter. They comprise a treasure trove of discovered and yet to be developed riches.They include gold, diamonds, phosphates, bauxite, lignite, kaolin, salt, limestone, gypsum, granite, marble, diatomite, hydropower, iron ore, manganese, tin, lead, zinc, copper, oil, gas, and uranium.

Mali is Africa’s third largest gold producer after South Africa and Ghana. It’s rich in uranium. It has an estimated 5,000 tons or more. It’s neighbor Niger is the world’s fourth largest producer.

In 2007, Algeria’s state oil company Sonatrach and Canada’s Selier Energy signed oil and gas exploration deals. In mid-2012, drilling began. Other companies are involved.

Taoudenni is a remote northern Malian salt mining region. It’s large area includes part of Mauritania and southern Algeria. It’s oil deposits are potentially large.

They’re untapped. They remain to be developed. Four other sedimentary basins have potential worth exploring.

Mali matters. It’s worth contesting for. France drafted a UN resolution. In 2011, It was Washington’s lead attack dog on Libya. It’s serving the same role against Mali.

Doing so lets Obama keep a low profile. Make no mistake. Mali is America’s operation. US special forces are involved. Washington’s supplying logistical, air, and intelligence support.

US military personnel will arrive this weekend. They’ll train and direct Malian forces. Expect supportive drone attacks.

Libya was Washington’s war. So is Syria. Mali matters. Washington wants unchallenged African dominance.

It wants the entire continent colonized, exploited and controlled. It wants China, Russia, and other potential rivals largely shut out.

AFRICOM was established to rape the continent’s riches.

War on terror fear-mongering preceded France’s involvement. Pretexts are easy to invent. Freeing northern areas from Al Qaeda-linked rebels was used as justification for France’s intervention.

French President Francois Hollande said “terrorist elements” must be confronted.

“The terrorists must know that France will always be there when it is a matter not of its fundamental interests, but of the rights of a population, that of Mali, (that) wants to live freely in a democracy.”

Saying so is a false on its face. France is a NATO country. It’s Washington’s imperial ally. It’s involved in America’s wars. Its “fundamental interests” include colonization and resource exploitation.

From 1892 – 1960, Mali was a French colony. France’s former colonial empire included Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Middle Congo (Congo-Brazzaville), Chad, Gabon, and other parts of Africa.

Neocolonialism remains policy. Expect Hollande to involve France in other imperial adventures. He’s Washington’s junior partner. He’s doing Obama’s bidding. At the same time, he’s furthering French interests. Sarkozy did the same thing in Libya.

On December 20, the Security Council unanimously approved intervention. Why Russia and China concurred, they’ll have to explain.

In mid-January, French aircraft and ground troops attacked. Candidate Hollande promised kinder, gentler policies. He suggested foreign interventions would end.

He lied. Other priorities take precedence. He declared open-ended war on Mali. He said conflict will last “as long as necessary.”

Earlier he suggested French involvement for only “several weeks.” Britain said the same thing when troops arrived in Northern Ireland. They stayed for decades.

Israel claimed its 1982 Lebanon invasion would be short-lived. It controlled the country’s south until 2000. Palestine’s been occupied for decades.

America arrives to stay. Permanent Afghanistan and Iraq occupations are planned. Rhetoric belies policy.

Rebel forces control northern areas large as Texas. The Los Angeles Times said Pentagon officials “warn(ed) that without more aggressive US action, Mali could become a haven for extremists.”

AFRICOM commander General Carter Ham said “if left unaddressed, (they’ll) obtain capability to match their intent – that being to extend their reach and control and attack American interests.”

He referred to Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). It raises most concern, he said. “It is clear to me they aspire to conduct events more broadly across the region,” he added.

Washington is very much involved. Pentagon spokesman Major Robert Firman said US C-17 cargo jets are ferrying hundreds of French troops and equipment to Mali. Surveillance, intelligence, and other assistance are supplied.

Mali risks becoming another Afghanistan. Hollande may regret getting involved. Body bags coming home may turn French people against him.

Months after being elected, his popularity declined significantly. Intervening in Mali helped. Most French people support it. Protracted conflicts aren’t popular. They take their toll.

Sentiment usually changes. Domestic priorities matter most. Hollande promised austerity. Doing so defies popular interests. Anti-austerity strikes and protests affect France and other European countries.

Foreign interventions change the subject. For how long is at issue. Economic priorities matter most. Eventually they trump other concerns. Hollande may suffer the consequences.

For now, targeting Mali takes precedence. Bombing continues. French ground troops arrived. Around 2,500 or more will participate.

Nigeria, Niger, Burkino Faso, Senegal, Togo, and Benin promised support. They’ll provide thousands more troops. Greater numbers may supplement initial contingents. Foreign interventions escalate this way.

Hollande said France’s “operation has three goals:”

(1) “halting terrorist aggression;”

(2) preventing it from taking control Mali’s capital and largest city – Bamako; and

(3) helping Mali “recover its territorial integrity.”

Malian intervention serves French interests. Fighting terrorism, respecting Mali’s territorial integrity, and furthering democracy conceal dark intentions.

Contesting for the country’s north won’t be easy. It’s mountainous, rugged, and vast. It replicates France in size. It’s long enjoyed considerable autonomy. Protracted conflict looks likely.

It’s already taken a toll. Algeria’s involved. Rebel fighters seized its In Amenas gas facility. Hundreds of hostages were taken. Hollande defended France’s intervention, saying”

“What’s happening in Algeria justifies even more the decision I took in the name of France to go to Mali’s aid.” Saying so is duplicitous doublespeak.

French intervention was planned months ago. It was done jointly with Washington. At issue is defending mutual interests. Imperial priorities matter most.

The Algerian gas facility standoff continues. Many hostages were freed. Others are still held. It’s unclear how many died. Conflicting reports suggest dozens.

Rebel fighters demand negotiations. They want Malian intervention ended. They proposed hostages exchanges. They want US political prisoners Sheikh Omar Abdel-Rahman and Aafia Siddiqui freed.

Both were wrongly convicted. Abdel-Rahman is a former CIA asset. He’s known as the blind sheikh. He was given a US visa and green card. He was protected as long as he was valued.

Later he was targeted. He was convicted on spurious charges. In 1996, he was sentenced to life in prison.

Aafia Siddiqui got 86 years for being Muslim in America at the wrong time. Her conviction and sentencing reflect gross miscarriage of justice hypocrisy.

In US and proxy Pakistani hands, she was abducted, imprisoned, tortured, prosecuted, and convicted on bogus charges.

Stepped-up US intervention looms. On January 18, Hillary Clinton said “it is absolutely essential that we broaden and deepen our counterterrorism cooperation going forward with Algeria and all countries of the region.”

White House press secretary Jay Carney suggested greater US involvement, saying:

“(W)e’re obviously very interested in and focused on terrorist groups and terrorist actions in the region and around the world.”

Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said:

“Terrorists should be on notice that they will find no sanctuary, no refuge – not in Algeria, not in North Africa, not anywhere.”

“We’re concerned any time Al Qaeda establishes a base of operations,” he added. Washington is considering how to “bring our military assets to bear.”

He referred to resolving the Algerian crisis. Implied is greater US Malian and regional involvement.

Claiming concern about “terrorist” involvement don’t wash. Washington uses Al Qaeda and similar groups as strategic allies and adversaries. It’s been done for decades. It’s to advance America’s imperium.

It was 2011 Libyan strategy. It’s ongoing in Syria. Rhetoric belies reality. Expect stepped up Malian intervention.

Washington will get more involved. So will other NATO partners and regional allies. France will remain lead belligerent.

Protracted conflict continues. Another quagmire looms. Where it ends who knows.

Is Qatar fuelling the crisis in north Mali?

by PHANTOM REPORT on JANUARY 27, 2013

Source: France 24

Oil-rich gulf state Qatar has a vested interest in the outcome of the north Mali crisis, according to various reports that have been picked up by French MPs, amid suspicion that Doha may be siding with the rebels to extend its regional influence.

 Since Islamist groups exploited a military coup in the Malian capital of Bamako in early 2012 to take control of the entire north of the country, accusations of Qatari involvement in a crisis that has seen France deploy troops have been growing.

Last week two French politicians explicitly accused Qatar of giving material support to separatists and Islamists in north Mali, adding fuel to speculation that the Emirate is playing a behind-the-scenes role in spreading Islamic fundamentalism in Africa.

French far-right leader Marine Le Pen and Communist Party Senator Michelle Demessine both said that that Qatar had questions to answer.

“If Qatar is objecting to France’s engagement in Mali it’s because intervention risks destroying Doha’s most fundamentalist allies,” Le Pen said in a statement on her party website, in response to a call by Qatari Prime Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim al-Thani for dialogue with the Islamists.

‘Cash from Doha’

The first accusations of Qatari involvement with Tuareg separatists and Islamist groups came in a June 2012 article in respected French weekly the Canard Enchainé.

In a piece title “Our friend Qatar is financing Mali’s Islamists”, the newspaper alleged that the oil-rich Gulf state was financing the separatists.

It quoted an unnamed source in French military intelligence saying: “The MNLA [secular Tuareg separatists], al Qaeda-linked Ansar Dine and MUJAO [movement for unity and Jihad in West Africa] have all received cash from Doha.”

A month later Sadou Diallo, the mayor of the north Malian city of Gao [which had fallen to the Islamists] told RTL radio: “The French government knows perfectly well who is supporting these terrorists. Qatar, for example, continues to send so-called aid and food every day to the airports of Gao and Timbuktu.”

The presence of Qatari NGOs in north Mali is no secret. Last summer, in the wake of the separatist takeover, the Qatari Red Crescent was the only humanitarian organisation granted access to the vast territory.

One member of the Qatari humanitarian team told AFP at the end of June that they had simply “come to Gao to evaluate the humanitarian needs of the region in terms of water and electricity access.”

Deeply entrenched

Regional geopolitical expert Mehdi Lazar, who specialises on Qatar, wrote in French weekly news magazine L’Express in December that Doha’s relationship with predominantly Muslim north Mali was deeply entrenched.

Qatar has an established a network of institutions it funds in Mali, including madrassas, schools and charities that it has been funding from the 1980s,” he wrote, adding that Qatar would be expecting a return on this investment.

“Mali has huge oil and gas potential and it needs help developing its infrastructure,” he said. “Qatar is well placed to help, and could also, on the back of good relations with an Islamist-ruled north Mali, exploit rich gold and uranium deposits in the country.”

Qatar’s foreign policy is also motivated by religion, wrote Lazar, and success in Mali would “greatly increase the Emirate’s influence in West Africa and the Sahel region”.

“If the Qatari influence in the current situation in Mali turns out to be real, it must be seen in the context of two branches of a global competition,” he wrote. “Firstly, competition with Saudi Arabia to be the centre of Sunni Islam; secondly, in terms of competition between the Sunni and Shiite branches of the Muslim faith.

“It would be an extension of the effort Qatar is already making in Egypt, Libya and in Tunisia.”

Lazar does not believe, however, that Qatar will get directly involved in the conflict unfolding in Mali, however, and that rather than getting its hands dirty, Doha will try to position itself as mediator in future negotiations between the Malian government, the various rebel groups in the north of the country, Algeria and France.

MONDAY, 21 JANUARY 2013

In pictures: the issuance of a new edition of the Green Book.

Announces World Revolutionary Committees Movement “North Africa branch” .. Announced its participation in the Cairo International Book Fair .. A new edition of the Green Book .. Thinker Muammar al-Qathafi. This version will be distributed after that in all the libraries .. Copies will be distributed in English and French in the rest of the world. 

Revolution is a revolution tomorrow .. And that mass/JAMAHIRIYA  is thought which advocates the power of the people .. And heralds the era after the Republic “era Aljmaheriaat” .. Is the one who will win in the end .. There Shorey without popular congresses .. And end exploitation, abuse .. Constitution only the Holy Quran. 
conqueror never

al-Fateh Tower

Mu Green Forever & ever

The RATS are going to need years and years to deny Muammar’s right to his great and enormous achievements in building an educated and just society filled with unstopable human rights accomplishments..
دقيقة خضراء :::::ثقافة فاشلة :::::نقاش مع من تدعي الثقافة والمدنية ..في ناشطة تطلع على التلفزيون .. كل صبح اتخش عالفيس واتنوح على البلاد على اساس واجعتها .. أنا مرة مرة نعلق على منشورها .. للأمانة تعليقاتي مستفزة اشوية.. هي كل شي اتعلق فيه على شماعة النظام .. و معترف ان معظم الاخطاء من انفسنا نحن ومن افراد في النظام.. فهي كل شي عندها مخلفات النظام السابق وتركة القذافي حسب وصفها .. فمرة ناقشتها فرد شخص اخر وكانت الاملاء امتعه بلهون فقالت هي هذا من تركة القذافي .. فقلتلها مادام المزبّك في الاملاء هو بسبب القذافي بالمثل حتى الشاطر في الاملاء حتى هو بسبب القذافي .. لأن كلنا قرينا في نفس المدارس ونفس المناهج.. فلما بتنسب جزء من منظومة لشي معين باقي الاجزاء بالمنطق تنسب له ايضا. فقلتلها تمام حتى انت ماشاء الله عليك كاتبة مفوّهة وهذا يرجع للقذافي.. للأسف ماعجبهاش الكلام لانها لاتملك حجة لترد علينا .
الشاهد من القصة إن اللي يقول ان ليبيا جهلها النظام السابق حسب زعمكم قولولنا من وين جبتوا الـ350 مثقف اللي قلتوا عنهم بيرفعوا راس ليبيا في القاهرة؟ يا اما تقولوا المتعلم والمثقف بفضل النظام السابق زي ماتقولوا عالجاهل انه بسبب النظام ..هذا ببساطة النقاش مع الفاشلة الحقوقية …. وكان النقاش بنفس ثقافتها .اما لو اردنا ان نمجد النظام الجماهيري الاخضر الشرعي سنحتاج لسنين وسنوات لنفي حقه في انجازاته في بناء الانسان .دمتم بامان

WAR NEWS:

Supreme Commander of the Prople's Liberation Armed Forces of the Great Jamahiriya Mu in 3D

(see Sirte News Below)

Beware of seafood because it poisoned

Libyan coast has become a garbage dump nuclear and biological weapons and chemical residues EU

Where we bring you reports on the newspaper The Independent English and other newspapers indicate that there mafias Italian charge sums up to 20 billion euros a year in exchange for dumping shipments of hazardous waste in the area south of the Mediterranean coast and specifically Libya and the best proof whales which can be found between now and then graduated from the sea dead like that found in popular Sirte on 14 January 2013 and before that appeared spot green unexplained after and also in Tobruk means that the subject is greater than bulldozers hunting Italian steal our wealth Navy in order not to hurt me one went to those who supposedly competent and also tried with some members of CCAMLR teaching in the Department of Physics and Chemistry in Libyan universities, but unfortunately I think that their personal interests and spent the rest of the negative national
Palm bidding to speak about national because the country began to diligently have looted the country and began its prestige and its resources, but finally we became waste dump nuclear Vobcroa O Libyans diseases cancer Afana God and you, for I warn you and the nearest example we Emirates and Singapore did not have a list, but departments English to manage the helm of the country
Ahmed Aujali navigational observer Benghazi

Several electronic links facility benefit Multi Pisces and reports particular Alandbnti that other global reports

http://www.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=907485

http://www.infondoalmar.info/?viz=timeline&lang=en

Here are also details of what you’ve monitored during the previous period and prove these reports in newspapers about littering

Subject: Italian ship parked off Derna 80 miles importance 9/23/2012 eight o’clock in the morning the possibility of nuclear waste

Through spotted at 8 am today stopped a ship Italian unknown uses off the coast of the tuber Bmssafah 80 miles ie not known Is fishing vessel or to throw nuclear waste in the region because it carries the rear Cranes large has not been recorded in the organization of global navigation ship fishing but ship multiple uses and this is what raises our doubts and you its morning note it leave from the port of Naples with Italian flag
The Libyan economic waters 72 miles
URANIA

________________________________________
Vessel’s Details
Ship Type: Research / survey vessel
Year Built: 1992
Length x Breadth: 61 m X 12 m
Gross Tonnage: 1115, DeadWeight: 470 t
Speed ​​recorded (Max / Average): 8.4 / 7.3 knots
Flag: Italy [IT]
Call Sign: IQSU
IMO: 9013220, MMSI: 247498000
________________________________________
Last Position Received
Area: Mediterranean
Latitude / Longitude: 34.38765 ˚ / 22.26972 ˚ (Map)
Currently in Port:
Last Known Port: NAPOLI
Info Received: 0d 0h 10min ago
Current Vessel’s Track

Wind: 9 knots, 336 °, 23 ° C

POISONOUS SEAFOOD—–BEWARE and do not consume!

الحذر من المأكولات البحرية لأنها مسممةالساحل الليبي اصبح مكب للنفايات النووية والبيلوجية والكيميائية عن مخلفات الاتحاد الاوربيحيث سنوافيكم بتقارير عن جريدة الاندبندت الانجليزية وصحف اخري تشير الي ان هناك مافيات ايطالية تتقاضي مبالغ مالية تصل الي 20 مليار يورو سنويا في مقابل اغراق شحنات من النفايات الخطرة في منطقة جنوب ساحل البحر المتوسط وتحديدا ليبيا وخير دليل الحيتان التي نجدها بين الحين والاخر تخرج من البحر ميتة مثل التي وجدت في شعبية سرت يوم 14 يناير 2013 وقبلها ظهرت بقعة خضراء لم يعرف سببها بعد وايضا في طبرق بمعني ان الموضوع اكبر من جرافات صيد ايطالية تسرق ثرواتنا البحرية لكي لا يؤلمني احد ذهبت الي الجهات التي يفترض انها مختصة وايضا حاولت مع بعض اعضاء هئية التدريس في قسم الفيزياء والكيمياء في الجامعات الليبية لكن للاسف اعتقد بان مصالحهم الشخصية والسلبية قضت علي باقي الوطنية
كفي مزايدات في الكلام عن الوطنية لان البلاد راحت بجد لقد نهبت البلاد وراحت هيبتها ومقدراتها بل اخيرا اصبحنا مكب للنفايات النووية فابشروا يا ليبيين بالامراض السرطانية عفانا الله واياكم لاني احذركم واقرب مثال لنا دولة الامارات وسنغفورة لم تقم لها قائمة الا بادارات انجليزية لتدير دفة البلاد
احمد الاوجلي مراقب ملاحي بنغازيمرفق عدة روابط الكترونية تفيد موضوع الحوت وتقارير الاندبنتت بالخصوص وتقارير اخري عالميةhttp://www.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=907485http://guydinmore.wordpress.com/2009/10/22/italian-police-close-in-on-%E2%80%98toxic%E2%80%99-shipwreck/http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/mafia-earning-euro20bn-from-dumping-toxic-waste-2294720.htmlhttp://www.infondoalmar.info/?viz=timeline&lang=enواليكم ايضا تفاصيل عن ما قمت برصدة خلال الفترة السابقة ويثبت تلك التقارير من الصحف بخصوص رمي النفاياتSubject: سفينة ايطالية متوقفة قباله درنة 80 ميل للاهمية 23-9-2012 الساعة الثامنة صباحا احتمال نفايات نوويةمن خلال رصدنا الساعة 8 صباحا اليوم توقفت سفينة ايطالية مجهولة الاستخدامات قباله ساحل منطقة درنة بمسسافة 80 ميل اي بمعني ليست معروفة هل هي سفينة صيد ام لرمي نفايات نووية بالمنطقة لانها تحمل في مؤخرتها اوناش كبيرة ولم يتم تسجيلها في المنظمة العالمية للملاحة كسفينة صيد بل سفينة متعددة الاستخدامات وهذا ما يثير شكوكنا واليكم بياناتها صباح اليوم علما انها مغادرة من ميناء نابولي الايطالي مع العلم
ان المياه الاقتصادية الليبية 72 ميل
URANIA________________________________________
Vessel’s Details
Ship Type: Research/survey vessel
Year Built: 1992
Length x Breadth: 61 m X 12 m
Gross Tonnage: 1115, DeadWeight: 470 t
Speed recorded (Max / Average): 8.4 / 7.3 knots
Flag: Italy [IT]
Call Sign: IQSU
IMO: 9013220, MMSI: 247498000
________________________________________
Last Position Received
Area: Mediterranean
Latitude / Longitude: 34.38765˚ / 22.26972˚ (Map)
Currently in Port:
Last Known Port: NAPOLI
Info Received: 0d 0h 10min ago
Current Vessel’s TrackWind: 9 knots, 336°, 23°C____________________________Who knows this person …….. tells us …………. This person correspondent in Zliten …………. Was involved in the front of the valley dinars during the recent war in Bani Walid …………… And on Oct. 16 ….. We do not know whether it is the mother of Alalalalalalala neighborhood???
Asham home ……… We are makers of history

TRIPOLI:

AUGUST 21-24 2011

After what I saw from overheating pots of chaos and depressions moral and humanitarian flayed for humanity ..
Can see from the Szla يطبلون of dreams coming and if they were in hibernation overwhelmed, as if the bloodshed

and chaos and disappeared principles, Wake from hibernate forgave God if not for the blood and lives that left it

for future generations that killed the dream before he was born.


Brrrrrrrrrrrrrrr عااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااجل
One توار NATO area Zenata raping his patient in a coma fully in hospital medical Tripoli, which led to her death shortly before result way rape brutality and now there Achtabkat in hospital Pena rebels NATO and we know that this incident is one security personnel charged with guarding the hospital by the Commission delusional Lower
She lived to Libya Khashh each and Motoq source from inside the hospital.

two powerful blasts in the capital Tripoli.

Group the evils of Virtue and Prevention for burn part of the known angle alias in the old city so as not to be celebrated the birth of Prophet Mohammad.

  صورة: ‏جماعة الامر بالمنكر والنهي عن المعروف تحرق جزء من زاوية المكني في المدينة القديمة حتى لا يتم الاحتفال بالمولد النبوي الشريف.‏

Burning part of the angle alias in the old city of the capital Tripoli.

Militants who burn part of the angle alias in the old city of the capital Tripoli on the grounds that even celebrate the birth of Prophet Mohammad heresy …

Taf provider Jamal age Almzoga the police in front of the military academy in Tripoli.

Now the Bulls 17 Gahaar Janzour expulsion of families from their homes and took their passports and manuals

Family Gospel region near the buildings and the whole green ÇŃĚćÇ publication and dissemination.

ZINTANI arrest the RAT MINISTRY of Defense! 

News about the arrest and Undersecretary of the Ministry of Defense, the rat Joseph carved by Zintani.

Number of gunmen stormed the hall General Allaotunai Congress to protest the continued Yusuf carved in his position as head of the General Staff Jermanah.

News of the dismissal of ornately shortly before ….. and Dora.

Pictures gunmen who stormed the headquarters of the National Congress in Tripoli demanding the resignation of Joseph ornately 22/01/2013

Storm the headquarters of the National Congress Rixos Hotels by some army personnel .. Demanding immediate dismissal of the brigade Joseph prospector …

Prophet tell the Chenbh car at gunpoint means stop the person and Enzloh of his car and Eachdo car and Alcarth that topic this has become in daylight means for Almtal not limited to the day before yesterday was girl to steal at gunpoint at 10 waxing and repeated this topic Aldahirh Aktar than once just the region following CUTTER where good speech this in plaster following call it gate through new club Al-Ahli. And cards that they are open to call Wayne when the Ministry of Defence rats not able Ihto patrol 24 hours and the region Hadi ČÓ most areas Sayer where Heca and just pension Ikhafo costume costume of the day and night One problem God keep Broummana bash protects his soul, otherwise how.
Thank you very much

  • Nadetto ……… Nadetto ……….. For Aaother Vienna siege
     Today deadline from Tripoli rats to Zintani (for them to leave Tripoli …………… What they do? Zintani are NOT CHICKEN!
  •  The continuation of arms transfers from Zintan to Germanha in airport road.
  •  Votes lead in Friday Market ..
    The calm before the storm in the Friday market and its suburbs

    the angle of Dahmani:
    The tension of the situation in Tripoli …………..

    Heavy and the spread of good rats headquarters of the Islamic Dawa and Sawani …………

    After storming day, detention and deputy defense minister rats.

    There is a big change for mountain rats generally …… They regret.

News of the kidnapping of citizen on Thursday aspects of the market at the hands of four bearded Almqji.

Tohamy citizen was kidnapped Mohammed hyperbolic of the market’s population Thursday Achristl area four areas by force of arms the Bseart lacks any paintings by bearded people in broad daylight with the knowledge that the kidnapped practicing self-employment.

  • Rats company called banner beach service provided to the chicken pagan did custom amount Taatkad and Under Secretary procrastinate and did not pay ………..
    the angle of Dahmani
  • DAY of Triumph for the Zintani in Tripoli:
    The tension of the situation in Tripoli ………….. Heavy and the spread of Zintan headquarters of the Islamic Dawa and Sawani
    ………… After storming day, detention and deputy defense minister dirty rats.
    Major fire in AboSaleem market in the capital Tripoli and Fire acceleration of the place.
    A picture of a fire that consumed Abu Salim market.
    A fire broke out huge market Abu Salim prison in the Libyan capital Tripoli fire engines rushed to put out thefire and there were no injuries and preliminary information that the cause of the fire is fireworks packed in the market.
    To control the fire, which happened in Abu Salim market ….
    Najat named Abdul Rauf hater battalion commander of the so-called market Nawasi Friday from an assassination attempt today when he came out in a civilian car accompanied by two armored cars.


    From inside the conference hall Allaotunai after it was stormed by gunmen in the capital Tripoli.

___________________________________

TOBRUK:
A picture of a car and Defense Minister rats after the assassination attempt on Saturday 19/1/2013 at Tobruk.

_____________________________________

SABHA:
Federal bloc Sabha Libyan government gives 72 hours or announce Fezzan federal territories.

Federal bloc gave Fezzan in the south of Libya, the Libyan government 72 hours from last night to achieve the

demands of security and the elimination of armed militias, and only considered federal territory on 15-2-2013 …

  

Rats escape Solomon girls from the streets of Downtown ……….. And Alqmazfah firing launchers in the rat in Gardah and there is no reply of them …

War began in Mansheya ……………. And burn Gardah including where soon, God willing ………….

National Chicken declare rats ………… They will not interfere in the war between rats Girls Suleiman and Alqmazfah ….. Solomon because girls violated the Convention ……

The cause of the clashes (either that waives Sheikh Ali Alfruja rats Hotel Queen Solomon blocks or be arrested)

صباااااااااااااااااااااااح الانتصارااااااااااااات ………… و المجد و الخلود

Kidnapping a elders Akaddadfah in Sabha, Sheikh Ali Alfruja when he was going to his ranch objected way of militia boys

Allam Sons of the tribe Suleiman was transferred to an unknown location.

Kidnapping a elders Alqmazfah in Sabha, Sheikh (Ali Alfruja), who at the age (74 years) when he was going to his ranch objected way of militias boys Allam Sons of the tribe Suleiman was transferred to an unknown location. !! (Downright news and God is my witness)
[I hope my free publishing from EMHEMMED alGADDAFI.]

Closure of Naga children age …….. And preparations in Mansheya and Fatih district of attack on Farroukh Solomon rats in Gardah
 Arrest of Sheikh Ali Alfruja ….. tribal Alqmazfah by rats Girls Suleiman ………….. The violent clashes in Mansheya.
  •  News of a meeting between elders Alqmazfah in Sabha ………. And contacts with tribal elders in the south ……….
    Before the attack began on the Solomon girls in Gardah.
    in sebha city…
    ————————-
    One houses of tribe Algadadfa “boys Omar”,
    was beaten on Wednesday night by the Awlad Suleiman tribe. 01/23/2013.

    Clashes in Mansheya Bsabha neighborhood after the kidnapping of Sheikh Ali Alfruja today 22/01/2013

     Clashes in Sabha and shootings keep with Qguadf Larbi G near the police station after he was kidnapped Sheikh Ali Alfrujaandma was going to his ranch objected way of militia boys Allam Sons of the tribe Suleiman was transferred to an unknown location. . And now there is a rally in the Heliopolis neighborhood of the kidnapped people

____________________________________

TARHOUNAH:

From the pages of the resistance (Tarhunah Liberal Youth on Facebook)

Hearing voices heavy pencil in the plateau …. The Liberal distribute publications that incite resistance

____________________________________

SIRTE:

from God became addicted Jnnon:

“جردان Sirte Furjan No. 3 and Amara 600 Aalsubh Arbjee Qguadf HK Mahnak something”.
Quoting rat favor Almkhozom …….. Was sacked rat carved and will be tried ……….

Clashes between rats Makhlouf Shawarma and Galt battalion Balqoazv in the neighborhood of No. 3
NEXT is a repost of an older report from last week:
Dead whaleDead whale(A. U. A)

Add to Google

Libyan sources told fished marine, had been found on a whale a huge dead did not know his platoon after, precisely on the shores of Libyan city of Sirte. said the Libyan media on Sunday, he was found on this whale-long 8.3 meters and width of 1.5 meters, area Sultan Sirte not know yet the reasons for its death. On the other hand, a team from the Office of the Environment Public Authority Sirte, take a sample of whale and sent to the Directorate General of the Commission, in order to conduct analyzes and tests, to determine the causes deaths such as this species of whale on the shores of the Gulf region and their impact on fishing Maritime region.

Beware of seafood because it poisoned

Libyan coast has become a garbage dump nuclear and biological weapons and chemical residues EU

Where we bring you reports on the newspaper The Independent English and other newspapers indicate that there mafias Italian charge sums up to 20 billion euros a year in exchange for dumping shipments of hazardous waste in the area south of the Mediterranean coast and specifically Libya and the best proof whales which can be found between now and then graduated from the sea dead like that found in popular Sirte on 14 January 2013 and before that appeared spot green unexplained after and also in Tobruk means that the subject is greater than bulldozers hunting Italian steal our wealth Navy in order not to hurt me one went to those who supposedly competent and also tried with some members of CCAMLR teaching in the Department of Physics and Chemistry in Libyan universities, but unfortunately I think that their personal interests and spent the rest of the negative national
Palm bidding to speak about national because the country began to diligently have looted the country and began its prestige and its resources, but finally we became waste dump nuclear Vobcroa O Libyans diseases cancer Afana God and you, for I warn you and the nearest example we Emirates and Singapore did not have a list, but departments English to manage the helm of the country
Ahmed Aujali navigational observer Benghazi

Several electronic links facility benefit Multi Pisces and reports particular Alandbnti that other global reports

http://www.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=907485

http://www.infondoalmar.info/?viz=timeline&lang=en

Here are also details of what you’ve monitored during the previous period and prove these reports in newspapers about littering

Subject: Italian ship parked off Derna 80 miles importance 9/23/2012 eight o’clock in the morning the possibility of nuclear waste

Through spotted at 8 am today stopped a ship Italian unknown uses off the coast of the tuber Bmssafah 80 miles ie not known Is fishing vessel or to throw nuclear waste in the region because it carries the rear Cranes large has not been recorded in the organization of global navigation ship fishing but ship multiple uses and this is what raises our doubts and you its morning note it leave from the port of Naples with Italian flag
The Libyan economic waters 72 miles
URANIA

________________________________________
Vessel’s Details
Ship Type: Research / survey vessel
Year Built: 1992
Length x Breadth: 61 m X 12 m
Gross Tonnage: 1115, DeadWeight: 470 t
Speed ​​recorded (Max / Average): 8.4 / 7.3 knots
Flag: Italy [IT]
Call Sign: IQSU
IMO: 9013220, MMSI: 247498000
________________________________________
Last Position Received
Area: Mediterranean
Latitude / Longitude: 34.38765 ˚ / 22.26972 ˚ (Map)
Currently in Port:
Last Known Port: NAPOLI
Info Received: 0d 0h 10min ago
Current Vessel’s Track

Wind: 9 knots, 336 °, 23 ° C

______________________________________

MISURATA:

Fear dominate the rats in Misrata …….. Amid rumors Bani Walid attack on Misrata on 15 \ 2

Rats Misurata stormed the headquarters of the pagan ……

___________________________

BANI WALID:

News about the intention of young Bani Walid forming the name of the martyr battalion to protect the borders of neighbors Bani Walid
  •  Hearing voices thick pencil in Bani Walid
    RATS FIND ENTRANCE IN BOREDOM:Post addicted page …….. WarningIf the situation continues quo ………… For the fallopian Dardanelles and Lafrasin ……. Did they change their programs …….
    Vcishab the rug from under their feet …….. And people will get tired ….
    _______________________________
    BENGAZI:
    Ahdroa the Mufti of NATO and the Muslim Brotherhood, they want Astebadkm the name of religion and religion innocent of them!
    Explosion rocks the milkfish Benghazi district after the bombing of a house for a family Bouchaalh by an armed group.
    Fire camp for displaced Torghae in Buhedama area Benghazi.
    •  Ivory (Benghazi): cases of suffocation due to a fire shortly before the camp for displaced Torghae in Buhedama area Benghazi.
      France withdraw its nationals from Libya, including those working in the Benghazi Medical Center, on the back of recently targeting the Italian consul.
    _______________________________
    Stop working Abraq Airport for unknown reasons.
    __________________________________
    SOUTH LIBYA (SAHEEL, Ugari, Fezzan, Maugreb)
    Heavy flight of French aircraft on the south …..
    goat herder of Libya

___________________________

Closure of the Ras Jedir crossing ………………. Time.??????

_____________________________

MALI:

Timbuktu air strikes:
the French Air Force bombed a position in Timbuktu: three air stikes – at 8pm, 8:30pm and 1am local time – on Saturday and Sunday morning.
One of the strikes hit a compound that used to belong to Libya’s former leader Muammar al-Qathafi

in past years, former Libyan leader Muammar al-Qathafi served as a pacifying force in the region for Tuareg  frustrations, while at the same time arming and using them in his own military forces. This is why many analysts carefully watched the situation as pro-al-Qathafi Tuareg fighters began returning to Mali at the end of the uprising in Libya, and it appears that the fears of what could happen are coming to pass.


in French (text here, mp3 here) contains an interview with a Malian Tuareg who fell in with pro-Qadhafi fighters during the civil war, and now “tells no one that he was part of the forces of the Great Jamahiriya for fear of being killed.” 

http://maliactu.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/4B199B4F_1_dwdownload.mp3
MALI PRESS HAS REMOVED THIS LINK!!!!

______________________________

STILL “leading” GNC:
the yankee CIA crook Maqrief

Back sheet 50 dinars a new way to laugh at the people “before the argument was that Hadi category of currency concentrated at Cronies” Henw their argument?

Family Maqrif hand-in-hand in order to destroy the rest of Libya:

TUNISIA:

Thefts of millions … It retrieves the money?
Cape and muggers are + Zqlam + offender Mustafa Abdul Jalil.

JUDGE JALIL in “assylum” in Tunisia:

News Libyan resistance 24/24 (Libyan intelligence)
They were quick to arrest an innocent like al_Bagdadi; but  do not consider  rat thief JALIL in the billions?
Where did 68 billion?
Cape + Zqlam + offender Mustafa Abdul Jalil they must arrest.

Us _ Tunisia / Ben Guerdane: Close Ras worth border crossing by a number of merchants and citizens

Older Monday a number of merchants and citizens Ben Guerdane region of Medenine to close Ras worth border crossing, demanding the Tunisian authorities to find a solution relieves them from paying taxes on all merchandise financial they entered into Tunisian territory.

He merchants complained of this situation which Aashunha and of they suffered a lot of money in their own words.

Magharebia Salafi organization to overthrow the democratic systems and to revive the era of the Caliphate
Renaissance behind sent Salafi jihadist activity and political Tktalatha in Tunisia
A report security experts and specialists in Islamic movements and Jihad Salafi Maghreb, as the pursuit of some Salafist movements in Tunisia-like movement supporters of Sharia, and the Islamic Liberation Party in Tunisia; to create organization Moorish represents Salafi jihadists, and include all factions of this trend across different countries of the Maghreb, to reflect the project of establishing the Islamic Caliphate and the elimination of democratic systems. report warned security possess “daylight” a copy of which, the seriousness of these movements jihad Salafi, that Tunisia is now its main base, due to the popularity of large enjoyed by a different level major cities in Tunisia, after it was these movements represent only hundreds of people in the era of Ben Ali, today it represents more than 20 thousand Tunisian; includes nearly 9 thousand element activist actual. semi report spread the jihadi movement in Tunisia; Islamic groups in Algeria nineties and the beginning form Elvis party shop.

(THIS INFO thanks ato Laraa Anahita Majdoub

Mu’ammar al-Qathafi was Right:

Bill only 56 infected rat treated in France reached 10 million euros.

Was fighting against us with the Jews and now being treated at the expense of the livelihood of our people of Libya.

France withdraw its nationals from Libya 22/01/2013

France withdraw its nationals from Libya, including those working in the Benghazi Medical Center,
on the back of recently targeting the Italian consul

Projects worth billions of dollars for the modernization of infrastructure and the provision of housing for young people stopped

because of the plight of Feb. 17 did not return any company to complete construction for fear of the dire security situation in Libya
All of these projects have been looted and destroyed and became deserted and become suitable for birds’ nests or a garbage dump!

War against Libya: an economic catastrophe for Africa and Europe

by Thierry Meyssan

One of the motives for the war against Libya is to stop the development of the black continent, to enable the setting up of an AfriCom military base in Cyrenaica and to begin the colonial exploitation of Africa for the benefit of the United States. In order to understand this hidden agenda,Voltaire Network interviewed Mohamed Siala, Co-operation Minister and Manager of Libya’s sovereign wealth fund.

VOLTAIRE NETWORK | 4 JULY 2011

JPEG - 25.3 kb

Mohamed Siala receiving the Voltaire Network team of investigators.

© Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya / Réseau Voltaire
INTERVIEW of Thierry Meyssan 04 July 2011

Voltaire NetworkYour country is gas and oil rich. The Libyan Investment Authority manages an accumulated capital estimated at 70 billion dollars. What use are you making of this bonanza?

Mohamed Siala: We possess a significant amount of resources, but they are non renewable. We have therefore set up the Libyan Investment Authority to protect the wealth of future generations, following Norway’s example. A portion of these funds are dedicated to the development of Africa. This means that 6 billion dollars have been invested in African development shares, i.e. agriculture, tourism, commerce, mines, etc…

The remaining funds have been invested in various sectors, countries, currencies all over the world, including the USA and Germany. This, unfortunately, is what enabled them to freeze our assets.

Voltaire NetworkTechnically, how was the freeze carried out?

Mohamed Siala: The assets freeze is governed by the banking regulations of the country where they are invested. The rule is that they block our bank accounts, but we sometimes can get them unblocked if we take the litigation to the UN Claims Committee and provided we can prove they were destined for specific uses. For example, I have just pleaded for the unfreezing of funds earmarked to pay scholarships to 1200 students that we sent to Malysia. We are trying to do the same for everything that relates to social allowances or the hospitalization expenses of our citizens abroad.

We are sometimes allowed to use funds to buy food or medicine. This is, in principle, our right but many are refusing to unfreeze the necessary funds or are dragging their feet. For example, the Italian State rejects any use of our assets. In Germany, while the State authorizes their use for humanitarian purposes, it is sometimes the banks that refuse to unfreeze the necessary funds. The interpretations of the resolution are entirely different depending on each State. What we demand is a clear rule: what is permitted is authorised and what is not is forbidden. Right now, the interpretation is political and might prevails over right.

Voltaire Network : Is this the only problem your are facing in terms of supplies?

Mohamed Siala : We also have to face the maritime blockade put in place by NATO with no legal basis. Supplies are forbidden or delayed, that includes foodstuff. They are particularly intent on preventing our oil deliveries even if this is not envisaged by the relevant UN resolutions. We’ve had an oil tank stuck in Malta waiting for one month. For each ship, the double use of its cargo is questioned. Oil is destined for civilian vehicles, but NATO objects that it can also be used for army vehicles. We argue that they cannot prohibit its use for ambulances, etc. Anyhow, since the beginning of the conflict, they have prevented all oil deliveries. Now, we depend on foreign refineries for about one third of our supplies. Hence, our present shortage. Theoretically, they are only allowed to inspect the ships to make sure they do not transport arms. In reality, what NATO is enacting is an illegal maritime blockade.

Russian and Chinese ships have been ordered to make a U turn. Their respective States must file a claim before the UN Sanctions Committee to discuss the interpretation of the resolutions. It is an endless and dissuasive procedure. No legal basis allows NATO to behave like this. It abuses its authority, confident that it will go unpunished.

We, however, manage to supply ourselves by land, but this is laughable. It takes one month to truck what can be unloaded in our harbours in one day.

Voltaire NetworkYour country has been heavily engaged in infrastructure building, namely the colossal Man-Made River irrigation and water works. Which projects do you currently have in the pipeline?

Mohammad Siala: There is a railway running across the whole of North Africa with the exception of Libya. We would like to complete it so as to achieve a greater integration in the regional economy and energise it. The Chinese are building the Tunisia-Syrte section. The Russians are in charge of the Syrte-Benghazi stretch. Negotiations with Italy were underway for the Benghazi-Egypt connection as well as for the locomotives. Also, we are constructing a North-South transcontinental railroad, starting with the Libya-Chad (N’Djamena) line. These are major investments with an international scope. We thought the G8 would help. It had promised to do so, but nothing came.

We are fierce when it comes to business, and we have used the bidding process to oblige providers to bring down their prices. When Putin came here, he agreed to align the rates of Russian enterprises on those of their Chinese competitors, thus enabling us to diversify the our choice of partners.

Voltaire NetworkNow that the country is at war, what is going to happen to these projects ?

All these projects have been interrupted with the freezing of our assets. However, we are continuing with the bidding procedures for the construction of railway lines as we are confident the war is temporary and that works will start again. We are getting ready to proceed with the contracts temporarily interrupted for reasons of “force majeure.”

The war has brought desperation to our partners. The Chinese had signed up for 20 billion worth of contracts here, the Turks 12 billion. Then, come the Italians, the Russians and the French. It was not in their interest to let this aggression take place, and even less to be part of it. Most likely, some of them must have been bribed in compensation, but we don’t know much about it. Some hope to make better profits by conquering our country and helping themselves to reconstruction contracts.

Voltaire NetworkWhat are the consequences of your assets freeze for Africa?

Mohammad Siala: By freezing our assets, NATO also halted our development activities in Africa. The continent can only export raw products. We are investing in Africa so that these products can be processed in Africa and commercialized by Africans. We want to create jobs and keep the surplus in Africa. On one hand, Europeans applaud us as this policy dries out migration fluxes. On the other hand, they are against it since it means having to give up colonial exploitation.

The Westerners want to maintain Africa in a situation where it will only export raw products and commodities.

For example, when the coffee grown in Uganda is exported to Germany where it is marketed, the surplus remains in Germany. We have funded installations for coffee roasting, grinding and packaging. The remuneration for Ugandans went up from 20% to 80%. Needless to say, our policy is conflicting with that of the Europeans. That is an understatement.

We are funding rice fields in Mozambique and Liberia, up to 32 million dollars per project, creating each time 100,000 jobs. We focus on food self-sufficiency for each African state first and on exportation markets second. There is no doubt we are entering into conflict with those who produce and export rice, especially if speculation is at stake.

We are also building roads, for example from Libya across Niger. We have already linked Sudan to Eritrea thus changing drastically the regional economy and opening new development opportunities. It is now possible to ensure the transportation of goods by road and by sea.

Voltaire NetworkCan we say that Libya is short on diplomatic alliances but that you have elaborated economic alliances that are protecting you? Can we talk of investment diplomacy?

Mohammad Siala: Yes.

For example, we are funding the construction by the Chinese companies of a 50 million-dollar, 32 Km, canal in Mali for the irrigation of agricultural areas. The freeze of our assets halts important agricultural projects in this country. If this goes on, a food problem will arise quickly and the populations will revert to and speed up migration towards Europe. Finally, Europeans cannot afford to stop our development efforts on the continent. There is no alternative to our policy.

Voltaire NetworkAre you using a mechanism enabling you to pay for your orders on the international market in spite of the freeze of your assets?Your country is attacked; I am of course thinking of the purchase of arms and munitions.

Mohammad Siala: We have been resisting for four and a half months. We drew the lessons from the embargo and were ready right from the first day. A lot of States are observing us and are taking similar measures to also protect themselves against imperialism.

Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb: Who’s Who? Who is Behind the Terrorists?

Global Research, 21 January 2013
ansar el dine

Who is behind the terrorist group which attacked the BP -Statoil-Sonatrach In Amenas Gas Field Complex located on the Libyan border in South Eastern Algeria?  (see map below)

The operation was coordinated by Mokhtar Belmokhtar, leader of the Al Qaeda affiliated Islamist al-Mulathameen (Masked) Brigade, or “Those who Sign with Blood.” 

Belmokhtar’s  organization has been involved in the drug trade, smuggling as well kidnapping operations of foreigners in North Africa.  While his whereabouts are known, French intelligence has dubbed Belmokhtar “the uncatchable”.

Belmokhtar took responsibility on behalf of Al Qaeda for the kidnapping of 41 Western hostages including 7 Americans at the BP In Amenas Gas Field Complex.

Belmokhtar, however, was not directly involved in the actual attack. The field commander of the operation was Abdul Rahman al-Nigeri, a veteran jihadist fighter from Niger, who joined Algeria’s Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) in 2005. (Albawaba,  January 17, 2013)

The In Amenas kidnapping operation was carried out five days after the conduct of air strikes by France directed against Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) militants in northern Mali.

French special forces and Malian troops regained control of Diabaly and Konna, two small towns North of Mopti.  The town of Diabaly had apparently been taken over a few days earlier by fighters led by one of the leading AQIM commanders Abdelhamid Abou Zeid.

While the terrorist attack and kidnapping directed against the In Amenas Gas plant was described as an act of revenge, it was not in any way improvised, Confirmed by analysts, the operation  had in all likelihood been planned well in advance:

“European and U.S. officials say the raid was almost certainly too elaborate to have been planned in so short a time, although the French campaign could have been one trigger for fighters to launch an assault they had already prepared.”

According to recent reports (January 20, 2012) there are some 80 casualties, including hostages and jihadist fighters. There were several hundred workers at the gas plant, most of whom were Algerian. “Of those rescued, only 107 out of 792 workers were foreign”, according to the Algerian Ministry of Interior. 

The British and French governments laid the blame on the jihadists. In the words of Britain’s Prime Minister David Cameron:

“Of course people will ask questions about the Algerian response to these events, but I would just say that the responsibility for these deaths lies squarely with the terrorists who launched this vicious and cowardly attack. (Reuters, January 20, 2013).

News reports confirm, however, that a large number of the deaths of both the hostages and the Islamic fighters was the result of the bombing raids led by Algerian forces.

Negotiations with the captors, which could have saved lives, had not been seriously contemplated by either the Algerian or Western governments. The militants had demanded an end to France’s attacks in northern Mali in return for the safety of the hostages. Al Qaeda leader Belmokhtar had stated:

“We are ready to negotiate with the West and the Algerian government provided they stop their bombing of Mali’s Muslims” (Reuters, January 20, 2013)

Within the ranks of the jihadists were mercenaries from a number of Muslim countries including Libya (yet to be confirmed) as well as fighters from Western countries.

  Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). Who’s Who? 

There are a number of affiliated groups which are actively involved in northern Mali:

  • Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) led by Abdelmalek Droukdel, “the emir of al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb”,
  • Ansar Ed-Dine led by Iyad Ag Ghaly,
  • the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJWA).

The Armed Islamic Group, or Groupe islamique armé (GIA) which was prominent in the 1990s is largely defunct. Its members have joined AQIM.

The National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad  (MNLA) is a Tuareg secular nationalist and independence movement.

Historical Background

In September 2006, the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) joined forces with Al Qaeda. The GSPC was founded by Hassan Hattab a former GIA commander.

In January 2007,  the group officially changed its name to the Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). Also in early 2007, the newly formed AQIM established a close relationship with the Libya Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG).

The commanders of the GSPC had been inspired by the religious teaching of Salafism in Saudi Arabia, which historically played an important role in the training of the Mujahideen in Afghanistan.

The history of AQIM jihadist commanders is of significance in addressing the broader issue:

  • Who is behind the various Al Qaeda affiliated factions?
  • Who is supporting the terrorists?
  • What political and economic interests are being served?

The Washington based Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) traces the origins of AQIM back to the Soviet-Afghan war:

Most of AQIM’s major leaders are believed to have trained in Afghanistan during the 1979-1989 war against the Soviets as part of a group of North African volunteers known as “Afghan Arabs” that returned to the region and radicalized Islamist movements in the years that followed. The group is divided into “katibas” or brigades, which are clustered into different and often independent cells.

The group’s top leader, or emir, since 2004 has been  Abdelmalek Droukdel, also known as Abou Mossab Abdelwadoud, a trained engineer and explosives expert who has fought in Afghanistan and has roots with the GIA in Algeria. It is under Droukdel’s leadership that AQIM declared France as its main target. One of the “most violent and radical” AQIM leaders is Abdelhamid Abou Zeid, according to counterterrorism experts. Abou Zied is linked to several kidnappings and executions of Europeans in the region. (Council on Foreign Relations, Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, cfr.org, undated)

What the CFR report fails to mention is that the Islamic jihad in Afghanistan was a CIA initiative, initially launched in 1979 during the Carter administration. It was actively supported by president Ronald Reagan throughout the 1980s.

In 1979 the largest covert operation in the history of the CIA was launched in Afghanistan.  Wahabi missionaries from Saudi Arabia set up the Coranic schools (madrassahs) in Pakistan and Afghanistan. The Islamic textbooks used in the madrassahs were printed and published in Nebraska. Covert funding was channeled to the Mujahideen with the support of the CIA:

“With the active encouragement of the CIA and Pakistan’s ISI, who wanted to turn the Afghan Jihad into a global war waged by all Muslim states against the Soviet Union, some 35,000 Muslim radicals from 40 Islamic countries joined Afghanistan’s fight between 1982 and 1992. Tens of thousands more came to study in Pakistani madrasahs. Eventually, more than 100,000 foreign Muslim radicals were directly influenced by the Afghan jihad.” (Ahmed Rashid, “The Taliban: Exporting Extremism”,Foreign Affairs, November-December 1999).

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), using Pakistan’s military Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), played a key role in training the Mujahideen. In turn, the CIA-sponsored guerrilla training was integrated with the teachings of Islam:

In March 1985, President Reagan signed National Security Decision Directive 166,…[which] authorize[d] stepped-up covert military aid to the Mujahideen, and it made clear that the secret Afghan war had a new goal: to defeat Soviet troops in Afghanistan through covert action and encourage a Soviet withdrawal. The new covert U.S. assistance began with a dramatic increase in arms supplies — a steady rise to 65,000 tons annually by 1987… as well as a “ceaseless stream” of CIA and Pentagon specialists who traveled to the secret headquarters of Pakistan’s ISI on the main road near Rawalpindi, Pakistan. There the CIA specialists met with Pakistani intelligence officers to help plan operations for the Afghan rebels.” (Steve Coll, Washington Post, July 19, 1992)

Mokhtar Belmokhtar, mastermind behind the terrorist attack by the Islamist al-Mulathameen (Masked) Brigade on the In Amenas Gas complex is one of the founding members of AQIM.

He was trained and recruited by the CIA in Afghanistan. Belmokhtar  was a North African volunteers, an  “Afghan Arab” enlisted at age 19 as a Mujahideen to fight within the ranks of Al Qaeda in Afghanistan, at a time when the CIA and its Pakistani affiliate –the Inter Services Intelligence (ISI)– were actively supporting the jihadists in both recruitment and training.
Mokhtar Belmokhtar fought in the Afghan “civil war”. 
He returned to Algeria in 1993 and joined the GSPC. 
Belmokhtar’s history and involvement in Afghanistan suggests that he was a US sponsored “intelligence asset”.

The Role of America’s Allies, Saudi Arabia and Qatar

Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) from the outset in 2007 had established a close relationship to the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG), whose leaders had also been trained and recruited in Afghanistan bu the CIA. The LIFG is supported covertly by the CIA and Britain’s MI6.

The LIFG  was directly supported by NATO during the 2011 war on Libya, “providing weapons, training, special forces and even aircraft to support them in the overthrow of Libya’s government.” (Tony Cartalucci, The Geopolitical Reordering of Africa: US Covert Support to Al Qaeda in Northern Mali, France “Comes to the Rescue”, Global Research, January 2013)

. British SAS Special Forces had been brought into Libya prior to onset of the insurrection, acting as mlitary advisers to the LIFG.

More recently, reports confirm that AQIM has received weapons from the Libya Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG). LIFG mercenaries have integrated AQIM brigades. According to commander Mokhtar Belmokhtar, who coordinated the In Amenas kidnapping operation:

“We have been one of the main beneficiaries of the revolutions in the Arab world. As for our benefiting from the (Libyan) weapons, this is a natural thing in these kinds of circumstances.” http://www.hanford.gov/c.cfm/oci/ci_terrorist.cfm?dossier=174

The BP In Amenas plant is located directly on the Libyan border. One suspects that there was a contingent of Libya Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) combatants involved in the operation.

AQIM also has ties to the Al Nusra Front in Syria which is supported covertly by Saudi Arabia and Qatar.

Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb is indelibly tied into a Western intelligence agenda. It is described as ” one of the region’s wealthiest, best-armed militant groups”, financed covertly by Saudi Arabia and Qatar.

France’s  Canard enchaîné revealed (June 2012) that Qatar (a staunch ally of the United States) has been funding various terrorist entities in Mali including the Salafist Ansar Ed-Dine:

Both the Tuareg rebels of the MNLA (independence and laity), Ansar Ed Dine, AQIM (Al Qaeda in Islamic Maghreb) and Mujao (Jihad in West Africa) were assisted with dollars from Qatar, according to one report  (The Examiner)

The satirical French paper Canard Enchaîné reported [June 2012] that Qatar has allegedly been funding armed groups in northern Mali made their way into Algerian and west African outlets.

Suspicions that Ansar Ed-Dine, the main pro-shari’ah armed group in the region, has been receiving funding from Qatar has circulated in Mali for several months.

Reports (as yet unconfirmed) that a ‘Qatari’ aircraft landed at Gao, full of weapons, money and drugs, for example, emerged near the beginning of the conflict.

The original report cites a French military intelligence report as indicating that Qatar has provided financial support to all three of the main armed groups in northern Mali: Iyad Ag Ghali’s Ansar Ed-Dine, al-Qa’ida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJWA).

The amount of funding given to each of the groups is not mentioned but it mentions repeated reports from the French DGSE to the Defense Ministry have mentioned Qatar’s support for ‘terrorism’ in northern Mali. (emphasis added)

The role of Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb as an intelligence asset must be carefully assessed. The Islamic insurgency creates conditions which favor the political destabilization of Mali as a nation state. What geopolitical interests have been served?

 Concluding Remarks: “The American Sudan”

In a bitter irony, the kidnapping operation in Southern Algeria and the tragedy resulting from the Algerian led military “rescue” operation provide a humanitarian justification for Western military intervention led by US AFRICOM.  The latter not only pertains to Mali and Algeria. It could also include the broader region extending  across the sub-Saharan Sahelian belt, from Mauritania to the Western border of Sudan.

This process of escalation is part of a US military and strategic “road-map”, a subsequent stage in the militarization of the African continent, “a followup” to the US-NATO 2011 war on Libya.

It is a project of neo-colonial conquest by the US over a vast area.

While France is the former colonial power, intervening on behalf of Washington, the end-game is to eventually exclude France from the Maghreb and sub-Saharan Africa. This displacement of France as a colonial power has been ongoing since the war of Indochina in the 1950s.

While the US is prepared in the short-run to share the spoils of war with France, Washington’s ultimate objective is to “redraw the map of the African continent”, and eventually, to transform francophone Africa into an American sphere of influence. The latter would extend across the continent from Mauritania on the Atlantic to the Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia.

Yankee Mercenaries

A similar process of excluding France from francophone Africa has been ongoing since the 1990s in Rwanda, Burundi and the Republic of the Congo.

In turn, French as an official language in francophone Africa is being encroached upon. Today in Rwanda, English is an official language, alongside Kinyarwanda  and French. Starting with the RPF government in 1994, secondary education was offered in either French or English. Since 2009 it is offered solely in English. The University since 1994, no longer operates in French. (The president of Rwanda Paul Kagame does not read or speak French). In 2009, Rwanda joined the Commonwealth.

What is at stake is a vast territory which during the colonial period included French West Africa and French Equatorial Africa  (See map  left as well as maps below)

Mali during the French period was referred to as Le Soudan français (the French Sudan).

Ironically, this process of weakening and eventually excluding France from francophone Africa has been carried out with the tacit endorsement of  both (former) president Nicolas Sarkozy and president François Hollande, both of whom are serving US geopolitical interests to the detriment of the French Republic.

The militarization of the African continent is part of the mandate of US Africom.

The longer term goal is to exert geopolitical as well military control over a vast area, which historically has been within France’s sphere of influence.  This area is an rich in oil, natural gas, gold, uranium and strategic minerals. (See R. TeichmanThe War on Mali. What you Should Know: An Eldorado of Uranium, Gold, Petroleum, Strategic Minerals …, Global Research, January 15, 2013)

The colonial re-division of Africa decided at the 1884-85 at the Berlin Conference (right). For the maps of French colonial Africa, see below.


U.S. Begins Airlift of a French Battalion to Mali

Fred Dufour/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

French soldiers on Tuesday at a camp in Sévaré, Mali. French and Malian forces are fighting Islamist militants in northern Mali.

<nyt_byline>

By 
Published: January 22, 2013

WASHINGTON — The Pentagon is airlifting a French battalion to join the fight in Mali against Islamist militants, Pentagon and administration officials said Tuesday, but the United States has not yet agreed to a request from France to provide refueling tankers for its warplanes.

Multimedia
 
Guerre au Mali : A Diabaly, les islamistes jurent qu’après le Mali ils prendront la Côte d’Ivoire et le Burkina !
Turmoil in Mali and the Sahara
France to keep 1,000 soldiers in Mali permanently
http://www.phantomreport.com/france-to-keep-1000-soldiers-in-mali-permanentlySource: Reuters UK

France has proposed keeping a permanent force of 1,000 French troops in Mali to
fight armed Islamist militants, Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said on Friday.

Fabius, on a visit to Bamako, said France was pushing ahead with plans to
reduce its 4,000-strong military presence from the end of this month but planned
to keep a combat force in Mali to support a future U.N. peacekeeping mission.

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called last week for the deployment of a U.N.
mission of 11,200 troops and 1,440 police in Mali once major combat ends.

This would include thousands of African troops already in Mali in support of
France’s three-month military campaign, which has swept Islamist rebels out of
the towns of northern Mali and into remote desert and mountain hideaways.

Ban’s plan also referred to a parallel force to tackle al Qaeda-linked Islamist
extremists directly, which diplomats had said would likely be French. Paris has
repeatedly warned that the Islamist enclave in north Mali posed a threat to the
West and pledged to entirely eradicate it.

“France has proposed, to the United Nations and to the Malian government, a
French support force of 1,000 men which would be permanent, based in Mali, and
equipped to fight terrorism,” Fabius said before leaving Bamako after a one-day
visit.

France to keep 1,000 soldiers in Mali permanently — Phantom Report
Source: Reuters UK France has proposed keeping a permanent force of 1,000 French troops in Mali to fight armed Islamist militants, Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said on Friday. Fabius, on a visit to Bamako, said France was pushing ahead with plans to reduce
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13 JAN. 2013
Le soldat français abattu vendredi au Mali.
Le lieutenant Damien Boiteux du 4e régiment d’hélicoptères de combat (RHC) de Pau a été mortellement blessé. Derrière-lui, un hélicoptère Gazelle tel que celui dans lequel il se trouvait au moment de sa mort.

Nic Bothma/European Pressphoto Agency

The site of a militant camp in Diabaly, Mali, that was destroyed by Malian and French forces.

Air Force C-17 transport planes had completed five flights from bases in France into Bamako, the capital of Mali, by Tuesday, delivering 80 troops and more than 120 tons of their equipment, according to George Little, the Pentagon press secretary. It could take the United States two weeks to transport the entire 600-member French mechanized infantry unit and all of their gear, according to other Pentagon officials.

The airlift expands the involvement of the United States in support of a NATO ally, but officials stressed that the American military footprint on the ground in Mali would remain small.

Pentagon officials declined to offer details beyond saying that security for the American airlift would be provided by French forces and that a very small number of American military communications personnel were on the ground to coordinate the flights.

A decision by the Obama administration on providing aerial tankers is expected within days, but the United States wants a clearer explanation of French plans for its mission, including whether more forces would be committed and how the French planned to end their leading role in the military campaign.

A French official, speaking on ground rules of anonymity to describe bilateral discussions, said some officials in Washington were concerned that assigning American tanker planes to refuel French warplanes bombing Islamist militant targets in Mali might make the United States appear as a co-belligerent in the conflict. Even if that view was not supported under international law, it could be the perception across the Muslim world.

One administration official confirmed that those concerns had been discussed in Washington. “If we are seen as a co-combatant, what does that mean for U.S. facilities and personnel in the region, and what are the costs associated with that?” the official said. “We are working through these issues, but there is no lack of support for our ally.”

The French official explained that the request for American refueling aircraft was submitted only as a prudent alternative if the mission continues for longer than anticipated — or in case there is a significant military crisis requiring the immediate dispatch of additional French aircraft.

“We do have air-refueling capacity,” the French official said. “And we do have offers of support from other Europeans to do it. This request to the United States is the hypothetical case that our operations last longer than expected and we have to have a backup.”

At the White House, Tommy Vietor, a spokesman for the National Security Council, said the United States already was also providing “significant intelligence support” to the French mission in Mali.

He said the United States and France agreed that long-term security required handing off the military operation to Mali’s forces, perhaps assisted by African troops from the region.

“We are working with African troop contributors to quicken their deployment to Mali,” Mr. Vietor said.

The French launched their offensive into Mali to push back gains by Islamist militant fighters. Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb started out as an Algerian group that was fighting the Algerian government. Pushed out of the country, it found a sanctuary in northern Mali, as did militants who left Libya after the fall of Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi.

<nyt_correction_bottom>

This article has been revised to reflect the following correction:

Correction: January 23, 2013

An earlier version of this article misidentified, at one point, the country into which French forces launched an offensive. It is Mali, not Algeria.

<nyt_update_bottom>

A version of this article appeared in print on January 23, 2013, on page A9 of the New York edition with the headline: U.S. Begins Airlift of a French Battalion to Mali.


Belgiam MP LAURENT LOUIS stands against war in Mali and exposes the international neo-colonial plot
Please, click on the subtittle icon for English! Belgiam MP LAURENT LOUIS stands against war in Mali and exposes the international neo-colonial plot at the B…

NATO merenary war machines  

A clear spread of different nationalities forces of mercenaries and thieves Libyan homelands on the south
Strong willingness to strike al Qaeda in Mali help mice Qaeda in Libya.

“War machines”…Young boys used as cannon fodder for the greedy Wars of the Zionist Elite.

Phantom report

Al-Qaeda serve as a pretext for war in North Africa as western powers back
al-Qaeda militants in Syria 
http://www.phantomreport.com/al-qaeda-serve-as-a-pretext-for-war-in-north-africa-as-western-powers-back-al-qaeda-militants-in-syria

Source: VOR

http://www.phantomreport.com/al-qaeda-serve-as-a-pretext-for-war-in-north-africa-as-western-powers-back-al-qaeda-militants-in-syria

The international involvement in Mali is expanding. France has deployed 2,000
ground troops and is looking to bring in 500 more. The United States is already
providing surveillance and intelligence data, and is considering sending
refueling tankers for French warplanes. Canada has dispatched a heavy-lift
military transport, Italy is ready to offer logistical support for air
operations and the UK will be providing logistical air assistance.

These countries have come to Mali to fight Islamists, al-Qaeda, in particular.
French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian has been quoted by Reuters as saying
that French Rafale and Mirage planes had bombed Islamists' camps and logistics
bases around the ancient caravan town of Timbuktu, as well as Gao, the largest
city in the north. At the same time, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said
that Islamist fighters did not have the support of the local moderate Muslim
majority, and therefore Mali would not spiral into another Afghanistan.

However, with memories of Aghanistan, Iraq and Lybia still fresh, some experts
and journalists have come to doubt the real causes of the Malian operation.
According to Neil Clark, quoted by RT, “one of the biggest myths in
international relations is that Western powers have implacably opposed al-Qaeda
for the last 20-30 years. They have not. They will use the al-Qaeda threat in
some circumstances to invade certain countries like Afghanistan. But elsewhere
they would actually back al-Qaeda militants to topple secular regimes, like in
Syria and Libya… And that’s all part of the policy”.

Indeed, the operations in Mali and other areas pose serious questions. Al-Qaeda, having armed itself with Libyan weapons, is trying to expand its fully defended territory. This is quite true. The Islamic alliance in Mali includes the so-called al-Qaeda in Maghreb as well as Malian militant groups Ansar Dine and MUJWA.

The Russian Government used to warn the Western coalition, which fought against Gaddafi, that he possessed tremendous amounts of armaments which should have been kept under close control. That didn’t happen. As a result, large amount of arms were stolen and dispersed all around the area, which is fraught with many unsettled problems.

At the same time, some years ago there was a war in Algeria, when the government fought against Islamist groups. The government was lucky to win the battle, but it didn’t mean that the Islamists were defeated. The Islamic elements and extremists had established their influence over areas in northern Mali, and al-Qaeda was quick to seize the opportunity.

However, a third consideration remains. Some might describe it as a conspiracy theory, but I am not sure that would be an accurate description. In pursuing the policy of dominating crucial areas of the world, Americans are now paying close attention to Africa and have even created a special African command. In this context I am afraid the second option of the Western countries and military is to use these events in an effort to recapture African territories which are rich with oil and other natural resources. And in this sense, some countries are prime targets for the West. So the idea is not at all a conspiracy theory, but perhaps more like a viable strategy, contrived in the headquarters of some former colonial powers.

Dyncorp Mercs contracted to hunt down MANPADS 
http://www.phantomreport.com/dyncorp-mercs-contracted-to-hunt-down-manpads

Editors Notes: Another source confirming Dyncorp mercenary operations from Libya
to Syria-Source: TIME The U.S. State Dept. has contracted the security company
DynCorp International to help track missing surface-to-air missiles

Source: Guardian
Dyncorp, a US contractor, used former US special forces and CIA agents equipped
with armoured vehicles and satellite communications to locate the missiles. "But
when we tried to raise the need to take broader measures, their eyes glazed over
and they said they were contracted to deal only with the Manpads," Bouckaert
recalled.

US, Britain and France focused on securing anti-aircraft missiles but neglected
other weapons, Human Rights Watch says

Urgent efforts to secure anti-aircraft missiles from Libya after the fall of
Muammar Gaddafi blinded western governments to the danger of other weapons going
missing and fuelling conflicts in Mali and elsewhere, an expert says.

Reliable information about the source of arms being used by Islamist rebels in
Mali is hard to come by, but much of it appears to come from Libya. In one
striking case, Belgian-manufactured landmines originally supplied to Gaddafi's
army appear to have been used by the jihadi militants who attacked BP's In
Amenas gas facility in Algeria last week.

The US, working with Britain and France, focused on securing shoulder-launched
anti-aircraft missiles, known as Manpads (man-operated portable air defense
systems). Britain's Ministry of Defence said last year it had located 5,000 of
an estimated 20,000 in Libya.

Intelligence chiefs and special forces plot Sahara mission 
http://www.phantomreport.com/intelligence-chiefs-and-special-forces-plot-sahara-mission

Source: Independent

The West faces a decades-long battle to defeat al-Qa'ida in North Africa, David
Cameron warned today, as he signalled a dramatic shift in the UK's fight against
terrorism.

The heads of MI5, MI6, GCHQ and the Chief of the Defence Staff will gather on
Tuesday to begin planning Britain’s response to the burgeoning terror threat
from Saharan Africa.

Britain will offer money, military co-operation and security training to African
states to head off the advance of Islamist radicalism.

Special forces are understood to be preparing to hunt down the jihadist leader
behind the siege and hostage killings in Algeria, Mokhtar Belmokhtar.

Britain will use its chairmanship of the G8 to focus militarily and
diplomatically on the Sahara region, following the hostage crisis which claimed
the lives of up to six Britons. One Middle East expert likened the long-term
impact of the atrocity in Algeria to the 9/11 attacks.

Expert forecasts deterioration in the Middle East for 2013
http://www.phantomreport.com/expert-forecasts-deterioration-in-the-middle-east-for-2013

Source: RBTH

In the Middle East, 2012 ended without a major conflict. However, the growing
tension throughout the region that has sucked in countries from Africa, Europe,
and Central Asia is likely to continue, especially as the stand-off gradually
morphs into a bloc confrontation.

These blocs are essentially groups within the Islamic world that enjoy external
support. The main protagonists are the Wahhabis in Qatar and Saudi Arabia, on
one side, and the Shiites in Iran, on the other. Arab media sources claim that
the West supports the former and Russia supports the latter, but the real
picture is more obscure.

Russia sends planes to evacuate more than 100 Russians from Syria
http://www.phantomreport.com/russia-sends-planes-to-evacuate-more-than-100-russians-from-syria

Source: Toronto Star

Russia is sending two planes to Lebanon to evacuate Russians from Syria, the
government said Monday, a move that suggests Moscow is growing doubtful that
Syrian President Bashar Assad can cling to power in the face of an armed
uprising.

The Emergency Situations Ministry said two of its planes were scheduled to fly
to [...]

Mali conflict: France aiming for 'total reconquest'
http://www.phantomreport.com/mali-conflict-france-aiming-for-total-reconquest

Source: BBC
France's military aim in Mali is its "total reconquest", French Defence Minister
Jean-Yves Le Drian has said.
"We will not leave any pockets" of resistance, he told French television.

France has sent in 2,000 troops to help Malian forces fight Islamist militants
who now control the northern half of the country.

Mr Le Drian said the former [...]

Best regards,
Phantom Report
douglas@phantomreport.com

____________________________________________
EGYPT:
عاااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااجلOur correspondent in Cairo
Unconfirmed news about the release of President Mubarak for cell the Muslim Brotherhood Almqji Rats in the United Arab Emirates ……….
God bless Yakaúd ……… Left Rak Tres ……. will not forget your revengehttps://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=315365198575339&set=a.151115618333632.27804.151114345000426&type=1&theater
عاااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااجلمراسلنا في القاهرة
انباء غير مؤكدة عن الافراج عن الرئيس مبارك مقابل خلية جرذان الاخوان المقملين في الامارات ……….
الله يرحمك ياقائد ……… تركت وراك تريس …….لن ينسوا ثأرك
 
Egyptian Journalist says that Egypt must take the wealth of Libya for the Egyptians.
_______________________
everyone wants a piece of Libya’s wealth!
22 JANUARY  2013  Sudan requested piece freely from LibyaAsked the Sudanese head of the Navy manual
Daou piece Libyan freedom when he visited Tripoli yesterday
came in a statement Chiefs of Staff spokesman Ali
Today الشيخي.

2 thoughts on “MALI and the contemporary news

  1. Heureux Silvio a perdu ses pieds froids, et par son courage nouvellement trouvé est de dire la vérité pour tout le monde sache.

    Saif

    Planes can bomb, guns can shoot, machetes can butcher, houses can burn, and buildings can be demolished, but the will of the people can never be destroyed. One day we will win again, as we did before! long live the people! long Live the al-Fateh ’69 Revolution!

    Saif solidarity

    ASHAM HOME (Dr. SHAKIR):

    “Allah Allah Allah Ali Saif al-Islam …… God God Born Knight free intrepid God

    Was 5 people left ………….. Subscriber Number (2000 us) … it will be.”

    Saif free

    Mu's children

  2. http://www.mathaba.net/members/?sh_itm=780a45ea5376e3f7b742b7a0b0c0519c

    The Art of War – The Reconquest of Africa
    Posted: 2013/02/04

    With the removal of Africa`s iron gate and crown — the Libyan Jamahiriya — and its fearless voice against foreign adventure — Muammar Qadhafi — the future is bleak for Africa with unfettered `intervention` to plunder resources underway

    At the very moment when the Democratic Party President Barack Obama reiterated in his inaugural address that the United States “must be a source of hope for the poor” and will “support democracy from Asia to Africa,” giant U.S. C-17 aircraft were carrying French troops into Mali, where Washington a year before had put in power Captain Sanogo, trained in the U.S. by the Pentagon and CIA, exacerbating Mali’s internal conflicts.

    The speed with which France launched the operation, ostensibly to protect the Mali from the advance of Islamic rebels, shows that it had long since been planned by France’s Socialist Party President Francois Hollande. The immediate cooperation of the United States and the European Union, which also decided to send military specialists to Mali to carry out training and command functions, shows that it was planned jointly with Washington, Paris, London and other capitals.

    The Western powers, whose multinational corporations vie with each other to grab markets and sources of raw materials, come together when their common interests are at stake, such as those in Africa endangered by popular uprisings and Chinese competition.

    Mali, one of the poorest countries in the world (with a per capita income one-sixtieth of Italy’s, and with more than half of the population below the poverty line), is rich in raw materials. Mali exports gold and Coltan, the proceeds of which, however, ends in the pockets of multinational corporations and the local elite.

    The same is true in neighboring Niger, which is even poorer (with a per capita income less than one-one-hundredth Italy’s) despite being one of the richest countries in uranium, whose extraction and export is in the hands of the French multinational Areva. Not surprisingly, at the same time as the operation in Mali, Paris has sent special forces into Niger.

    A similar situation exists in Chad, whose rich oil deposits are exploited by the U.S. ExxonMobil and other corporations (but Chinese companies are also coming): what remains of the proceeds go into the pockets of the local elite. For criticizing such a mechanism, Bishop Comboni Michele Russo was expelled from Chad last October.

    At the same time, Niger and Chad are providing thousands of soldiers who, under French command, have been sent to Mali to open a second front. The invasion launched in Mali with French forces as spearhead is therefore one of vast range, extending from the Sahel extends to West and East Africa. It is joined to the one in North Africa that began with the destruction of the Libyan state and maneuvers to stifle, in Egypt and elsewhere, the popular rebellions.

    This is a long-term operation that is part of the strategic plan aimed at putting the whole continent under the military control of the “great democracies,” which are returning to Africa with their colonial pith helmets painted in the colors of peace.haba.net/members/?sh_itm=780a45ea5376e3f7b742b7a0b0c0519c

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