La Grande Jamahiriya prévaudra / The Great Jamahiriya will Prevail

Mu and sister

MY REACTION TO QUESTIONS & DESPONDENCY AMONST GREENS:
First, there is a newly formed (since Sept 2011) fully trained real Green Army—
but the People’s Liberation Armed Forces (of which Mu’ammar al-Qathafi is the SUPREME COMMANDER) has been forced into guerilla tactics for now.
There are volunteers also, yes; BUT they do not comprise the real forces of the People’s Liberation Army.
And yes the People’s Liberation Armed Forces do have an airforce (led in this case by the “Red Army”” of the Zintan)…
SECOND: MU’AMMAR IS healthy, as is KHAMIS and SAADI despite RAT reports.
I know that many love Mu’ammar as I do…I know that the majority of those who term themselves “Green” want only what is best for Mu’ammar and also our world;
but unlike most of you…I fully trust and God, and know that Mu’ammar does as well…But further than most of you all, I feel it in my bones, that Mu’ammar is the MAHDI:
—and that yes, ofcourse Mu’ammar wants all this nightmare over ASAP too, as he also is very aware of the problems delaying the full return of the Great JAMAHIRIYA has caused (and understands totally that longer and longer this is delayed, things will only get worse).
He has already expressed his desire that action be taken already and now—
BUT he can neither force people to go along with him and The Green Resistance.
It is beginning to appear to Mu’ammar and many others that the Libyan people’s have lost almost all of the their motivation.
(This is what is strongly hindering the return in full of the Great Jamahiriya) and that SATAN still has great power over the earth.
Mu’ammar will do nothing foolish—as to everything he does do, he deeply prays and meditates about before doing it.
God IS instructing him. We must have faith as Mu’ammar has. God is with Mu’ammar and the Green Resistance.
God is not in any manner with the West or whom we refer to as RATS. God always triumphs over evil.
The Great JAMAHIRIYA will be restored if it is ALLAH’s will—Patience with persistant hard-work, organising and attending Committees,
Congresses and doing it as an act of love with prayer is asked of us. This is our part…
We just cannot wait until the Great Man on a White Horse re-appears. Mu’ammar has asked us to spread the word. This is most important.
The Third Universal Theory, as it is epitomed in THE GREEN BOOK must be circulated throughout the entire Globe as he says,
the Fifth Gospel for Mankind. (This must occur to be totally and fully successful.)
ALLAH BE WITH US!
Our MAHDI prays
______________________
Watch the first of God said,
“Muammar, Libya ups …”

شاهد أول من قال الله ومعمروليبيا وبس ستسعق!
لأي جديد زوروا صفحتنا على الفيس بوك
WATCH SAADI al-QATHAFI!
  Photo : ‎نحن احق بشهداء الكفرة ......... من الجرذان‎
Picture showing Khamis when he was in Russian Military Academy:

Zintan seize cars chicken national infantry battalion of 109 Bgdams !

This photo is not in occupied Palestine but in occupied Libya, where reality shows NATO “rebels” and how they deal with the Libyan people.

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MISURATA:

Will Sheikh Sidi Abdul Salam Al Asmar WRITES:

“……. Do you approached throw rats Misrata in sea?

Egikm Born Badawi, under البل, Agmkm forty years, Idir how Ebbe you, and Tkhaddmo below how the servants, and you are subservient Jaivin you how dogs Treho gay and Tenbho Walker is knew Tpkm.
How Khntona Atjunoh, and these Awaiedkm from generation to generation, and Ttalbo help from the infidel, and two years and you Haesen and blood to the knees in each division and the valley, and network Thsalo got him in Sidra.

Home Aohl, kaafir after debauched, and Algdarat after Alkhtrut, and Alzoat after freaks, if your mission to Tgorkm Glltm and transgressed, though you believed Ertgvtm, if you fear Naafqatm, the not remember well, and give thanks grace,
Are Astkhvkm Nakt? Or Astguakm GAO? Or Astnasrkm unfair? Or Asteddkm خالع? Only Tbatamoh and Aoeetmoh Nasrtamoh and Zakitamoh.

Two years later, Aird you your companion first Aakofm iron Ashvar. Jack Hebron Aazoarh, Loya angle Nbashrk mind, and Janzour is noted, Loya Tripoli O hole blood you blood rode, Weah and Alkn O women and Dhar Tripoli Hleyona bin Gillan Tercpinh Hfalla, and the publican Banebeny and Aamar, and arms begin midst midst, and money you a few familiar , West guides, and Middle tightens, Almlacah in Ras Hamad O festival of Ashura.”

(ASHAM HOME) Our correspondent from Misrata:

Honest Misrata demanding the return of the green flag it …… And accounted for over 55% ………. Mostly from the ancient tribes …..

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SABHA:

Residents of the area complained stone city of Sabha and living next to the complex drainage of flood water damage the complex during the past few weeks and left behind damage to agricultural land and dozens of deaths of livestock and flooded a number of houses with sewage.

The citizen Abdul Hadi al-Dakhil, a resident of the neighborhood for “solidarity news agency that” they suffer from the stench emitted by sewage and dead livestock.
The intruder pointed out they are afraid of the spread of diseases and epidemics as a result of the spread of mosquitoes and odors, explaining that the citizens in the neighborhood who burned trees and grasses to change this stench.
On the other hand some neighborhood youths spray Mahdia near the compound area with insecticide to eradicate mosquitoes fear of the spread of epidemics and disease.

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People Torghae announce their return to their lands in June .. Cooperation with international human rights organizations.

People Torghae return to their city next month Ueno, and declare their intention to inform the international community of the United Nations, the African Union and the Arab League’s decision to return to stand in front of what they described as “their responsibilities to protect civilians.” Announced the people Torghae displaced outside their original decision to return to their city in a peaceful manner during the month of June, accompanied by families, the elderly and children, and stressed that they will reach the international الهيآت represented in the United Nations and the African Union …

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TRIPOLI:

Heavy proliferation of rats in the streets of the angle ………. Feared Ajeelat attack them …………. Taking revenge.

Increased liquidations of rats by masked Nawasi in surrounding areas Friday Market markedly  ….

Rats are robbed by unknown pagan Security Center in drawer and steal their own cars.

Increase the use of alcohol and drugs among rats in the Motaiqh Air-Base ….. Because of the ongoing fighting.

Give a 3-day deadline for Zintan Brigades until he graduated from Tripoli and not be expelled by force according Germanah sources.

Heavy clashes between Tajoura rats and rats of Friday Market…..

Unconfirmed news about the fall of the bridge and led Green Cove mountain ….

Bridge Valley Green Cove New mountain linking white and turf …….. Have you been blown up ..? Why is the use of the old road now …?
Incorrectly news for the bombing of a bridge and Valley Cove’s new Green Mountain
We want the Liberals to confirm the correctness of this news or exile ….?

We received news about the intention of rats execution friend Ghaithi agent and former Ministry of Defense for the border guards after he tried to yesterday’s assassination “Mohammad Barghathi” Defense Minister rats at a military base بطبرق has killed one of the guards Barghathi in the assassination attempt.

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GALLO:

Scores of people from Tabu and most of them women and
Children on Sunday to varying degrees of severity burns after a fire at a wedding tent in Rbeana area, which lies 600 km to the popular
Gallo and the hospital received Gallo large number of cases also received
Benghazi hospital three cases of them.
One of the victims of the fire, which occurred in the Rbeana area to the south-west of Libya because of the fall of the power cable as stated by the source.
Government customers Libyan interested in supporting terrorists in Syria and have offered the people’s money here and there,
leaving our people dear victims of accidents and fires in the Rbeana in the south-west of Libya came under fire tragic and victims
in the hundreds and the puppet government in a deep sleep does not cure nor aid nor ambulance.
There is no power but God.
  • SUNDAY, 20 JANUARY 2013

    Wounding fifty state burns due to the fall of Kabul Electricity Gallo 

    Hospital received Gallo, on Sunday, the number of the injured suffered burns as a result of the fall of Kabul Electricity tent joys Women. 
    hospital had received a number of patients who were exposed to burns in the city Rbeana after the fall of Kabul Electricity tent joys Women led to the burning of more than 50 cases among women and children. 
    He reporter that the cases were transferred to a hospital Gallo, about 600 km from Rbeana, in addition to that there are cases were transferred to a hospital Ajdabiya in preparation for transfer to the city of Benghazi. 
    expressed locals resent because of the lack of cooperation of most oil companies Libyan and foreign assistance to transport the wounded using their own ambulances, noting at the same time that there are other companies Libyan and foreign donated ambulances to transport the injured.

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SIRTE:

Hear Votes Qguadf of district No. 3 all night …….

Sirte  Rats local council gives compensation for rats only in Almzarat neighborhood and some rats Furjan ……… does not give other people.

Qahsa Burmelh kidnapped brother Mohammed
Mohammed Abdulaziz good Burmelh. Known Bhamdi Gaddafi Qahsa Khoi my brother was born 89 in Sirte Nktaf Saturday morning at 9 store building materials for condominium Indian who behind Directorate 5 people armed with the Toyota 27 and desert them to come Manalmo Abeche him Adeolna Ergalna Khoi neighborhood and Salem, and the following is known for his information or the scourge of O Rhett tells us.

God Abia wages of the best pursuant.

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CYRENE suburb (08km south):

MONDAY, 21 JANUARY  2013Clashes in the village of Utilities last night 20/01/2013.Event brawl and shooting dead last night in the village of Utilities, about 8 kilometers south of Cyrene and the reason for this quarrel family of the family of usefulness they are told family worm infestation and they are not a resident of Utilities are building random and bulldozing forests adjacent to the city on the pretext that the land belongs to them advocate for youth Utilities of all combinations of the village and let us know demolish some buildings and indiscriminate expulsion owners bulldozers after threatening burning and thus start the dispute between the villagers and this family
was shooting with small arms were burned home is where some members of this family as well as the burning bus and the death of a little girl not older than five years … things today stable this village and quiet with militants and some members of the security committee joined the Ministry of Interior … where the afternoon funeral this girl.
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GHADAMES:

Rats Ghadames pagan appealing to Congress to intervene to save them from genocide to which they are exposed.

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TOBRUK:
Skirmishes between rats from the dome and Tobruk.

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BENGAZI:

Al-Qaeda in Benghazi resides at the western entrance gate ….. The seizure of the money from the people ….

Benghazi today

Aldoh complemented

Sirens of ambulances and police above their voices in Benghazi and news reports about the transfer of deaths and serious injuries from the airport built to hospitals coming from popular Heathens.

Ansar al-Sharia terrorist controls the entrances and exits of Benghazi Otz in interior and defense rats.


Hrdmisa

To Mamaaadt OBAMA’s drones to fly over the skies of Benghazi in this particular time and the list of war against al-Qaeda in the Maghreb.

IT IS ALL PROFITING THE USA !

Alzentani Imad Trabelsi (inorms us):

battalion commander lightning and Voyeur equivalent thirty million dinars from the Libyan Defense Ministry in Time Osama Geweili was brought U.S. military uniforms of the United Arab Emirates in the Supplies Ministry of Defense and sued with Ismail Eshteiwi commissions worth millions in financial completion of these transactions .. Us with a date will not Nkhalafh.”

https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=526531477381576&set=a.270531709648222.75607.270512759650117&type=1&theater


Hamza Thami – 20 -1 – 2013 – LIBYAxSON #

MONDAY, 21 JANUARY  2013

Angry fans stormed the residential Bofajrh project 21/01/2013.


Monday stormed dozens of people, some of them armed, Project 5000 and a residential unit area Benghazi Bofajrh.

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TUNISIA:

A group of Tunisian citizens stormed the gate Ras Igdir from the Tunisian side was on the track closure of the Libyan-Tunisian border.

_________________________________

 

In 1995–96, the Gaddafi Stadium was renovated by architect Nayyar Ali Dada for the 1996 Cricket World Cup.

They for Ivgahon … They you are forced. :::

African Cup of Nations 2013 :::

Those who did not know that Libya Gahaar ago have had the honor with the consent of the Federal African organizing the efforts of the African Nations Cup a private sponsor sport Libyan and internationalist unified commander Africa Colonel Muammar Gaddafi ..

And we look at a lot of the infrastructure of the sport Libyan state and actually taken serious steps toward that were established alternative courses to conduct sports playground هوقو Chavez, who said of him then Asatdh sport Libyan traitors that stadium comparable to the world as we we criticize … The work was great in Benghazi and white Vtm remove Stadium on March 28 for maintenance and created on a modern style and you in overseas dissident reports of Moataz autumn Mataataajabun legitimacy for a new timepiece Stadium on March 28.

Tripoli has also been and will be equipped go Bayuncm and Look and Man-Made River stadium update and new Azizia Stadium mention the June 11 Stadium and also create integrated sports city to Godaúm …

Not overlook that it was an opportunity for all young Libby to develop himself and get jobs and also the recovery of tourism intake of hotels and restaurants, clothing and everything almost.

Was the family of Gahaar another opinion …. Depriving Libya would first honor of the organization is expected and donate thanks Aourthm South Africa ..

To the people of Gahaar credited to stop physical activity in Libya for the third year in a row ..

Lal Gahaar credited to stop development can sports and human .. Yamen flaunt Balchukoh infrastructure …

Of wasted youth dream?

From young crush Think?

Stole Basma Youth?

This your Aourtkm eat Gahaar?

Is of Mstfik …..

ĎăĘă safely

Salafist Surge in North Africa Reveals Grim Side of the FAILED “Arab Spring” master-minded by OBAMA, Hillary Clinton, Nicholas Sarkozy and the Western Elite “powers”!
Quote from ROBERT F. WORTH
As the uprising closed in around him, the Libyan Supreme Commander Muammar al-Qathafi warned that if the Great Jamahiriya collapsed, chaos and holy war would overtake North Africa. Muammar al-Qarhafi told reporters:
“Bin Laden’s people would come to impose ransoms by land and sea, We will go back to the time of Red-beard, of pirates, of Ottomans imposing ransoms on boats.”
selected parts and additions from Alessandro Bianchi/Reuters:”His warnings before his 2011 ouster sounded melodramatic, but have proved prescient as the area has become easier for Salafists to operate in.
In recent days, that unhinged prophecy has acquired a grim new currency.In Mali, French paratroopers arrived this month to battle an advancing force of Salafist fighters who already control an area twice the size of Germany. …
It could also be the END-test for the crooked and fragile new puppet-governments which were installed upon Libya and its neighbors, in a region where any Western military intervention rightfully arouses bitter colonial memories….”And it comes as Western world powers struggle with their own initiated NATO created wars, as in Syria, Libya, Egypt and Tunesia…and as far West as the Ivory Coast (last year) and now MALI and Mauritania. The USA is playing the same scenario also in the Congo!There have been more than proofs of cross-border alliances among the militants with weaponry supplied by the Western Governments purposely to create instability within these North African and Middle-Eastern nations….In a sense, both the hostage crisis in Algeria and the battle raging in Mali are consequences of the fall of Colonel Qaddafi in 2011.The Great Jamahiriya dispelled any need for waring factions within Libya, and acted as a lid, keeping volatile elements totally out. Once that lid was removed, and the borders that had been enforced responsible and keen-eyed governments became more porous, there was greater freedom for various groups — whether rebels, salafists or criminals — to join up and make common cause.In Mali, for instance, there are the Tuaregs, a nomadic people ethnically distinct both from Arabs, who make up the nations to the north, and the Africans who inhabit southern Mali and control the national government. They fought for Colonel Qaddafi in Libya, then SOME of them streamed back across the border after his fall, banding together with Islamist groups to form a far more formidable fighting force. They brought with them heavy weapons and a new determination to overthrow the Malian government, which they had battled off and on for decades in a largely secular struggle for greater autonomy.Even the Algeria gas field attack — which took place near the Libyan border–involved al-Qaeda fighters — and reflects the chaos that has prevailed in “new” Libya for the past two years.All this is NOT about a holy war. The reality is often closer to a battle among competing gangsters in a region where they desire power and authority, where there was “no authority” before.

Among those figures, two names stand out: Mokhtar Belmokhtar, the warlord who led the attack on the Algerian gas field, and Abdelhamid Abu Zeid, a leader of Al Qaeda’s North African branch.

“The driving force behind jihadism in the Sahara region is the competition between Abu Zeid and Belmokhtar,” said Jean-Pierre Filiu, a Middle East analyst at the Institut d’Études Politiques in Paris.

Mr. Belmokhtar has generated millions of dollars for the Qaeda group through the kidnapping of Westerners and the smuggling of tobacco, which earned him one of his nicknames, “Mr. Marlboro.” But Mr. Belmokhtar bridles under authority, and last year his rival forced him out of the organization, Mr. Filiu said.

“Belmokhtar has now retaliated by organizing the Algeria gas field attack, and it is a kind of masterstroke — he has proved his ability,” Mr. Filiu said.

Both men are from Algeria, a breeding ground of Islamic extremism. Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, is now rapidly developing.
Algeria’s authoritarian government is now seen as a crucial intermediary by France and other Western countries in dealing with Salafist militants in North Africa. But the Algerians have shown reluctance to become too involved in a broad military campaign that could be very risky for them.

The FALSE International action against the “Islamist take-over in northern Mali” could push the militants back into southern Algeria, where they started. That would undo years of bloody struggle by Algeria’s military forces, which largely succeeded in pushing the Salafists outside their borders.

The Algerians also have little patience with what they see as Western naïveté about their so-called “Arab spring”; and now Algeria says to the West: ‘May ALLAH be praised, we told you so.’ ”
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Although French military forces are now fighting alongside the Malian Army, plans to retake the lawless zone of northern Mali have for the past year largely focused on training an illegal African fighting force, and trying to peel off some of the more amenable elements among the insurgents with negotiations.

The crooked-Western “powers” had invested hopes in Iyad Ag Ghali, a corrupt Tuareg who leads Ansar Dine, or Defenders of the Faith, one of the main Salifist groups. Mr. Ghali, who is said to be corrupt and “opportunistic”, was the West’s ideological link between the hard-line Islamists of Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and the more nationalist Green Tuareg group, known as the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad.

But so far negotiations have led nowhere, leaving the Malian authorities and their Western interlocutors with little to fall back on beyond armed force, since they have no patience or any faith in GOD/ALLAH.

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FRench expert: the fall of the Great Jamahiriya of Muammar al-Qathafi gave a strong impetus to the growth of radical Islam.

Situation in Mali and the tragic events of recent days in Algeria, and the ongoing war in Syria, all this testifies to the growth of radicalism in the Muslim world. According to what the famous French expert said, African affairs, Jean-Pierre Dozon for “Voice of Russia”, which confirmed that the fall of Muammar Gaddafi’s regime in Libya, gave a strong impetus to the growth of Islamic extremism.

The expert said, “After the fall of the Great Jamahiriya of Muammar al-Qathafi, there has been a large-scale influx of an army of workers with different convictions, including the radical Islamists.”
According to him, this result has become a “big mistake of France, Britain, and others who stood against Gaddafi”, and as a result, the Islamists, who were their limited potential, got everything they needed in order to enhance their military capabilities.
At the same time, according to the expert, the reason behind the recent events in Algeria and hostage-taking, not the Islamic religion. In fact, radical Islamists are fascist mafia groups living on theft and extortion, but are not Muslim believers.

‘Pentagon’s hand behind French intervention in Mali’

Source – by RT

https://dub002.mail.live.com/default.aspx#n=2103370206&fid=1&mid=2af390e9-63be-11e2-a6aa-00215ad73ee2&fv=1

French soldiers walk past a hangar at the Malian army air base in Bamako  Le budget de l'Etat plombé par la guerre (© ERIC GAILLARD/Newscom/RTR)
French soldiers walk past a hangar at the Malian army air base in Bamako

As French soldiers pour into Mali in the fight to push back the advancing Islamist militants, questions have been raised as to the motives behind the intervention. Author William Engdahl told RT the US was using France as a scapegoat to save face.

RT: At a time when France and the rest of the Eurozone are trying to weather the economic crisis, what’s Paris seeking to gain by getting involved in another conflict overseas?

William Engdahl: Well, I think the intervention in Mali is another follow-up to the French role in other destabilizations that we’ve seen, especially in Libya last year with the toppling of the Gadhafi regime. In a sense this is French neocolonialism in action.

But, interestingly enough, I think behind the French intervention is the very strong hand of the US Pentagon which has been preparing this partitioning of Mali, which it is now looming to be, between northern Mali, where al-Qaeda and other terrorists are supposedly the cause for French military intervention, andsouthern Mali, which is a more agricultural region. Because in northern Mali recently there have been huge finds of oil discovered, so that leads one to think that it’s very convenient that these armed rebels spill over the border from Libya last year and just at the same time a US-trained military captain creates a coup d’état in the Southern capital of Mali and installs a dictatorial regime against one of Africa’s few democratically elected presidents.

So this whole thing bears the imprint of US Africom [US Africa Command] and an attempt to militarize the whole region and its resources. Mali is a strategic lynchpin in that. It borders Algeria which is one of the top goals of these various NATO interventions from France, the US and other sides. Mauritania, the Ivory Coast, Guinea, Burkina Faso. All of this area is just swimming in untapped resources, whether it be gold, manganese, copper

RT: Why was France the first Western country to get involved to such an extent? And what sort of message is this military initiative sending to its allies?

WE: Well I think that’s the Obama Administration’s strategy – let France take the hit on this as they did in Libya and other places in the past year and-a-half and the US will try and play a more discrete role in the background rather than being upfront as they were in Iraq and Afghanistan which cost the US huge amounts of credibility around the world. They’re playing a little bit more of a sly game here, but the rush for the US to announce its support the French military intervention and the actions of Africom over the past year and-a-half, two years ,in Mali make clear that this is a US operation with the French as a junior partner.

RT: How far could this conflict potentially escalate? Could the French get bogged down, and who else is likely to get involved?

WE: The other European countries are loath to get involved in an Afghan-type ground situation with their troops. The Germans are providing humanitarian aid and some special forces training so far, but, frankly, I think al-Qaeda in northern Maghreb is a very suspicious operation and the timing of its activities coming over the border suggests that perhaps some NATO countries might be helping the al-Qaeda group to get military weapons and create the Chaucer’s belly that justifies NATO intervention. I think we’re seeing a very cynical game being played out here in Mali and it’s a very dangerous one when Africa is suddenly becoming a continent that’s been discovered by China, by the US and Europe and the rest of the world as the next place where untold wealth and resources can be captured.

‘Cascade of consequences’

When France started the intervention in Mali, it should have been prepared to face a “cascade of unnecessary consequences”, such as the hostage situation in Algeria, political analyst Alex Korbel from Contrepoints, has told RT.

“We are trading a potential threat by an actual count of casualties, and we are talking about civilians here,” he said to the channel.

As the rebels are engaging the forces, the conflict is bound to cross borders into the neighboring states, that could potentially engulf the entire West Africa, the analyst believes. Korbel thinks that France has made a mistake by getting involved in a conflict which he says is bound to escalate.

“Are we really prepared to fight a war in the whole of Western Africa? I do not think so,” Korbel told the viewers.

The French public also does not support the approach of the French government, “because when he was elected 64 percent of the French public considered that Francois Hollande would not be able to tackle an international crisis” adding that soon the public will “realize that it is an unnecessary war, costly war.”

The analyst believes that France simply cannot finance this war.

“We are now in 16 different military operations around the world and Mali is the last one. The public debt represents a real problem and the budget has not been balanced since 1974, clearly we do not have a cent to finance another unnecessary war,” he told RT.

“Newly Liberated Libya Rejects Attack on Mali Islamists”
BY Daniel Greenfield 
from:
FRONTPAGEMAG.COM

‘France took the lead in pushing for military intervention to overthrow The Great Jamahiriya. Now it’s fighting Islamists, many of them from Libya, armed with weapons that France air-dropped to them, that Qatar smuggled to them or weapons from al-Qathafi’s stockpiles, and the Libyan government is opposing any action against the Jihadists who have overrun much of Mali.

German-Libyan RAT Prime Minister Ali Zaidan said Saturday that Libya rejects military attacks on Mali, calling for solving the Malian crisis through dialogue, the state TV reported:

“We reject the attacks on Mali, and Libya’s position was clear, so we asked to give an opportunity for dialogue,” Zaidan said.
Libya will not be a base to launch attacks on Mali, Zaidan said, denying rumours of using Lawiig, a Libyan far south town, as a military base for the French forces’ operation.

Solving the crisis through dialogue wasn’t what the Libyan Salafi-“rebels” were calling for against Muammar al-Qathafi, or now with Assad. But they are now saying that some crises are solved with dialogue. Others with bombs. Salafi-Islamists crises can’t be solved with bombs. But crises involving state that Salafi-Islamists and the Western Capitalists want to overthrow, can always be solved with bombs.

Libya however has already served as a base for the attack on Algeria. The Salafi-Islamists are deeply embedded in the new Libyan government and in its military and security services. That state of affairs contributed to the Algerian attack as well.

Zeidan then went on to say that there were “no terrorist groups in Southern Libya”. !!!!
Absolutely.

The terrorists who attacked the In Amenas gas complex in eastern Algeria appear to have been of several nationalities, and may have trained in al-Qaeda camps across the border in southern Libya.
But Zeidan is saying “None whatsoever”.

The fall of the Great Jamahiriya sovereignity devised by Muammar al-Qathafi might see the al-Qaeda affiliated Salafist-Islamic terrorist groups filling up the void,many US analysts have said.

Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) that was branded by the US as a terrorist organisation in May 2010 has been operating from its base in Algeria, and has now extended its reach to the borders of Mauritania, Niger, Mali, Chad and Libya.

“Fox News” reports that Muammar al-Qathafi
provided intelligence on the terrorists’ operations to the US, but has also publicly spoken out against them.
Branding the group members as Muammar al-Qathafi had  said:

‘bad Muslims’, “The security forces found a mosque in al-Zawiya. In a mosque! Weapons, alcohol, and their corpses – all mixed up together.”

Now that the Muammar al-Qathafi has gone into “hiding”, many analysts have raised concerns whether southern Libya will become a magnet for Salafist groups.
Cully Stimson, a former deputy Assistant Secretary of Defence for the USA (who is now a fellow at the conservative “Heritage Foundation”), said that the al-Qaeda affiliate might turn out to be an “adaptive enemy”. (HAH, HAH!!)
Well that Obama policy worked out great. Maybe next he can stop relying on half-measures and just give the terrorists all our nuclear codes.’

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By Design: French Mali Invasion Spills into Algeria

Young boys being used as Canon fodder bcause Obama ordered France into MALI !

Le budget de l'Etat plombé par la guerre (© ERIC GAILLARD/Newscom/RTR)  Le budget de l'Etat plombé par la guerre (© ERIC GAILLARD/Newscom/RTR) Le budget de l'Etat plombé par la guerre (© ERIC GAILLARD/Newscom/RTR) Le budget de l'Etat plombé par la guerre (© ERIC GAILLARD/Newscom/RTR)

Le budget de l'Etat plombé par la guerre (© ERIC GAILLARD/Newscom/RTR) Le budget de l'Etat plombé par la guerre (© ERIC GAILLARD/Newscom/RTR)

Le budget de l'Etat plombé par la guerre (© ERIC GAILLARD/Newscom/RTR)

algerie

Exactly as predicted, the ongoing French “intervention” in the North African nation of Mali has spilled into Algeria – the next most likely objective of Western geopolitical interests in the region since the successful destabilization of Libya in 2011.

In last week’s “France Displays Unhinged Hypocrisy as Bombs Fall on Mali” report, it was stated specifically that:

“As far back as August of 2011, Bruce Riedel out of the corporate-financier funded think-tank, the Brookings Institution, wrote “Algeria will be next to fall,” where he gleefully predicted success in Libya would embolden radical elements in Algeria, in particular AQIM. Between extremist violence and the prospect of French airstrikes, Riedel hoped to see the fall of the Algerian government. Ironically Riedel noted:

Algeria has expressed particular concern that the unrest in Libya could lead to the development of a major safe haven and sanctuary for al-Qaeda and other extremist jihadis.

And thanks to NATO, that is exactly what Libya has become – a Western sponsored sanctuary for Al-Qaeda. AQIM’s headway in northern Mali and now French involvement will see the conflict inevitably spill over into Algeria. It should be noted that Riedel is a co-author of “Which Path to Persia?” which openly conspires to arm yet another US State Department-listed terrorist organization (list as #28), the Mujahedin-e Khalq (MEK) to wreak havoc across Iran and help collapse the government there – illustrating a pattern of using clearly terroristic organizations, even those listed as so by the US State Department, to carry out US foreign policy.”

Now, it is reported that “Al Qaeda-linked” terrorists have seized American hostages in Algeria in what is being described by the Western press as “spill over” from France’s Mali operations.

The Washington Post, in their article, “Al-Qaida-linked militants seize BP complex in Algeria, take hostages in revenge for Mali,” claims:

“As Algerian army helicopters clattered overhead deep in the Sahara desert, Islamist militants hunkered down for the night in a natural gas complex they had assaulted Wednesday morning, killing two people and taking dozens of foreigners hostage in what could be the first spillover from France’s intervention in Mali.”

The Wall Street Journal, in its article, “Militants Grab U.S. Hostages in Algeria,” reports that:

“Militants with possible links to al Qaeda seized about 40 foreign hostages, including several Americans, at a natural-gas field in Algeria, posing a new level of threat to nations trying to blunt the growing influence of Islamist extremists in Africa.As security officials in the U.S. and Europe assessed options to reach the captives from distant bases, Algerian security forces failed in an attempt late Wednesday to storm the facility.”

The WSJ also added:

“Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said the U.S. would take “necessary and proper steps” in the hostage situation, and didn’t rule out military action. He said the Algeria attack could represent a spillover from Mali.”

And it is military action, both covert and incrementally more overt, that will see the West’s extremist proxies and the West’s faux efforts to stem them, increasingly creep over the Mali-Algerian border, as the old imperial maps of Europe are redrawn right before our eyes.

Image: The French Empire at its height right before the World Wars. The regions that are now Libya, Algeria, Mali, and the Ivory Coast all face reconquest by the French and Anglo-Americans, with French troops literally occupying the region and playing a pivotal role in installing Western-friendly client regimes. Also notice Syria too, was a French holding – now under attack by US-British-French funded, armed, and backed terrorists – the same terrorists allegedly being fought in Mali and now Algeria.
….

Meanwhile, these very same terrorist forces continue to receive funding, arms, covert military support, and diplomatic recognition in Syria, by NATO, and specifically the US and France who are both claiming to fight the “Free Syrian Army’s” ideological and very literal allies in North Africa.

In reality, Al Qaeda is allowing the US and France to intervene and interfere in Algeria, after attempts in 2011 to trigger political subversion was soundly defeated by the Algerian government. Al Qaeda is essentially both a casus belli and mercenary force, deployed by the West against targeted nations. It is clear that French operations seek to trigger armed conflict in Algeria as well as a possible Western military intervention there as well, with the Mali conflict serving only as a pretense.

Salafist gains access to Chechnya, Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, Libya, Syria, Mali and perhaps Algeria after the so-called Arab Spring .. and Palestine is still occupied!
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“When the head of the people there from solar canopy holds you
But when you are a leader and commander to the people yourself and your hand will carry

And when the head of the people, they call you hypocritical Mr. luxury
But when you are a leader and commander to the people they Sinadonk love brother.”

  
Maqrif appointed his son-in-names named Mohammed Fayez ambassador in Egypt!
OIL! OIL! OIL!:Egypt calls on the international community to re-demarcation of the border with its neighbor Libya.Quoting for “Addiyar Newspaper” says that Dr. Hisham Qandil professes {Egypt have rights to the land Libyan and Sancb conflict over oil and that the Egyptian army forces and the Libyan army is weak … }This is the greed of others in the wealth of Libya and these are the results of the destruction of Libya and her delivery is Ivgahon only raise money and killing worshipersAddiyar Newspaper :Energy crisis controlled from Egypt to Libya to Cyprus and the Mediterranean Basin
Friday, 18 January 2013 – 07:08 PMWhen Italy abandoned her “colony of Libya” she drew a straight line between Egypt and Libya length of 1050 km, believing that this is the border is not the demarcation of the border between Egypt and Libya.Following the advent of President Nasser president of Egypt, then the advent of President Gaddafi president of Libya, announced unity between Libya and Egypt have been overcome borders and the issue of demarcation, because it is very difficult in the arid desert demarcation between the two countries.and the day before yesterday, said Egypt’s Prime Minister Dr. Hashim jellyfish that for Egypt rights in the Libyan territories, did not respond to Libya on the subject due to their internal differences.This alerted Britain Egypt that Egypt must respect the border with Libya, otherwise it would cause a major problem, and the reason is that the BP oil mighty of Britain, is leading pumping oil pipelines Libyan abroad, and if it wants Egypt to regain part of desert means that pull oil Libby on the grounds that he became part of Egyptian territory, would fall in the near future.The problem of Libyan Egyptian on the border, and the Egyptian army is very strong and the Libyan army is weak, and did not guarantee big countries border, Egypt may traverse the desert border is the phenomenon and take a spot from one region to Libya where it can become Egypt’s wealth daily two million barrels extra, any six billion per month, and this element will lead to changing the reality of wealth Arab oil is applicable to all areas, where there is a conflict between Saudi Arabia and Yemen on the oil wells, and Saudi Arabia pay 5 billion annually to Yemen, against that Yemen does not explore for oil, because oil wells Arabia extended to under Yemeni territory.Well if entered Egypt to Libya, the oil wells in Libya, will become part of Egyptian territory and withdraw Egypt, and there is a problem between Sudan and South Sudan, where oil wealth actual exist in southern Sudan, but South Sudan has no access to the sea, and only passage to him is northern Sudan, so the theme of energy between northern Sudan and southern Sudan remains suspended pending a solution to the issue of the amount of oil.
either new element that countries aspire to in the region? Sancb very violent conflict, a huge amount which is present from Israel to Lebanon to Cyprus to Syria, to the outskirts of Turkey, where it was discovered the largest oil reservoirs in the world., but there is disagreement between the five countries on the distribution of oil wealth.
and LIBYA IS TOTALLY LEFT OUT OF ALL THIS (IN THE COLD) with nothing at all, and no piece of the pie!!!

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Offers international billions in Lebanon against the assignment of companies drilling oil wells and pumping /
satellite wells and reveal classified Lebanon second after Saudi Arabia

And who is entitled to the largest amount of oil is Lebanon, but Israel dug at the edge of Naqoura wells of oil and pulls oil since about 8 years, but who revealed it is the war in July when it announced company Israel Oil and Exxon American that losses amounted to 21 billion as a result of stop oil .

well, Syria shrunk its oil wealth and landed wells of 900 thousand barrels per day to 250 thousand barrels.
either Cyprus did not drill for oil despite the fact that its large, but satellites received by the Minister of Energy Gebran Bassil showed that the quantity grand exist off the Lebanese coast. Israel refused to modify the withdrawal of oil, only after a written agreement with Lebanon on maritime delimitation. Lebanon refuses to sit down with Israel to discuss the demarcation of the border, but demanded that this is done through the United Nations Commission as was agreed on resolution 1701.

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Bottom line is that from Egypt to Libya to Algeria to Saudi Arabia to Yemen to Syria to Lebanon to Iraq, there is the largest oil wealth in the world more than 58% of the oil the entire world.

but the issue is that of the martyr Rafik Hariri of years 1994-1995 for the presence of oil in the sea of Lebanon, and that when an issue told President Hrawi, told forces interested, but did not get anything about this oil wealth major, and so far, there has been no serious action to withdraw the oil.

Exxon American giant was taking franchise oil in Lebanon in return for a lump sum pay annually for Lebanon, and this amount is $ 12 billion, to be paid for the debt Lebanese in addition to that he can get three billion dollars from oil derivatives.

arrived topic to the table Minister Basil, i called him company «Yukov» Russian and visited Kiev secretly in Ukraine to discuss the matter, and Speaker Berri knew the size of wealth, and wants to be there oil fund independent does not enter into the budget that is dispensing, but you push the debt and spending money on projects in Lebanon.

President Berri asked Minister Gebran Bassil maps did not get it yet. Says Minister Basil «The Ministry of Energy independent, is not entitled to a login in our work, but in the Council of Ministers of society».

seems that Speaker Berri told party of God and General Michel Aoun said he could not silence a lot about this subject, and must inform the Lebanese people on the oil wealth that has, secondly satellites photographed the atmosphere at sea and ashore in Lebanon must be deployed also known Lebanese areas where there’s oil will be extracted, because a few receive information and buys and sells land off pull oil.

should not hide oil project, as happened in the draft lease ships to company electricity production, since otherwise Berri with Minister Basil canceled 4 months of the term of lease 4 vessels throughout the summer.

The energy crisis and the oil fund:

and apart from the information sent by the United States to the Ministry of Energy and Oil for that kind of control dictatorship behave Minister Gebran Bassil not but the majority behaves and Minister General Michel Aoun, said Communications Minister Nicolas Sehnaoui acting as the money that wants intervention on the budget of the Ministry of Communications, which decide what to pay for the budget, and what keeps minister. This was it could be done Minister Basil.

Today, there are extraordinary wealth is oil and gas Almkchwan twenty years ago, and as a result of a dispute over any role in Lebanon will not discuss the issue of oil. As we mentioned in 1994, was informed late Prime Minister Rafic Hariri, the presence of gas and oil in Lebanon, but Prime Minister Rafik Hariri Light presidents and officials in the subject, but war south and edit borderline dominated the situation and there was no the possibility to discuss the issue of oil, not even One of the conditions set by Israel in secret, is to withdraw from southern Lebanon, a condition that does not begin to Lebanon using oil wells, a secret agreement said to have been held by U.S. Defense Secretary Rumsfeld was the responsibility of the other.

after the war July 12, 2006 and after stability Lebanon to defend their land, and after the arrival of the resistance to the size where it can deter Israel or hit its oil installations at sea, and Israel agreed to discuss Lebanon for oil wealth has and gas, but you want is to meet with Lebanon directly and you demarcating the maritime border, and secondly, there otherwise amounts pumping of oil and gas, because wells common and one, Israel withdraws daily million and 800 thousand barrels from the sea, if there is agreement Lebanese Cypriot Israeli, and here you will be prompted Syria jointly, and Turkey will demand because it is considered that part of Cyprus is the land of her, including The wells up to Cyprus, she wants to Turkey through the Turkish Cypriot area to claim their share.

next crisis in Lebanon, energy crisis and the crisis of Lebanon its size large fiscal and economic role, he has $ 144 billion and deposits in Lebanon in the banks, one of the Lebanese people, and has from banks the same $ 40 billion and result total deposits Lebanese in Lebanese banks for the Lebanese and non-Lebanese to $ 200 billion.
has located a war in the region because there is no shepherd solve things energy in the sea off Lebanon, so that the largest wells located near Naqoura and second well located off the town Barbara – Jbeil.
____________________

The Resistance said that Lebanon must get on the right, and the difference now is that satellite images arrived, Israel has 12% of the area of the wells, while it is withdrawn from wells huge amounts and hide did not accept Israel engage in OPEC that determine prices, but decided stay out of two agencies in the world, and International Atomic Energy Agency, for she did not want to disclose its nuclear weapons and numbering, and visited by inspectors from the United Nations, and second thing refusal to participate with one discuss the issue of oil, which pull in 25 years.

Today, after the war 12 July 2006 , Pat Lebanon able to claim their rights, and the space within the borders of Lebanon is 61%, and the rest off Cyprus, and there is a common area between Lebanon and Greek Cyprus, 80 miles off the coast of Jounieh.

Speaker Nabih Berri called for the establishment of a special fund called the Fund’s oil and gas, and be out of the budget, The budget will be disbursed for the reconstruction of Lebanon and debt repayment. Minister Gebran Bassil wants this fund, but as is the confiscated money electricity and water wants to be fund oil and gas under his command, as intake cell is under the command of the Minister Aoun and Nicola Sehnaoui, as that all contacts with hotels and countries and projects to travel abroad and include investments, controlled by Fadi Abboud, also from conglomerate General Michel Aoun. It has become a conglomerate Aoun within the government burden.

either for President Najib Mikati has decided to move away from the grids cell in Lebanon, and has in 11 countries obligations of his companies give more than Lebanon much.

As for oil, it does not want to deal him, and decided to leave to buy real estate , and attach it to build floor Miqati any increase of 20% of the investment, making real estate fortune passed a billion and a half to about two billion. It could be argued that the company Mikati Properties has become the first after Solidere.

well as President Najib Mikati out of sight, research project Mali between Turkey and Lebanon, while the same company with Mikati, that is all done under the mantle of open Audi Bank branch in Turkey.

Indeed, Bank Audi entered the most important market industrial in the region, the most important of Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Iran and the region, where it is expected that the banks are to a great extent with Turkey, because two years ago and so far, rose export from Turkey to Lebanon, to the size of $ 35 billion, so that Lebanon imports primarily from China, and this happened recently, and the second country, which imports it is Turkey.

So President Najib Mikati interested affairs financial and banking with Turkey, and does not want the dispute with General Aoun on energy affairs and affairs of mobile communications, but can not go it’s going now, where each Minister shall control over his ministry. And here wants Minister Gebran Bassil control intake oil that converts is to budget, with Speaker Nabih Berri wants to be fund independent to repay debt and to implement projects in the country.

therefore take the election battle next special character, first because Lebanon overcome the international financial crisis in 2008, Secondly there Show on Lebanon due to the quasi-bankruptcy of Greece, Portugal and they need $ 60 billion, to be paid to Lebanon through its banks to give leveraged market Joint European and guarantee 60 billion dollars, compared to the benefit of 5.8% as the interest in Lebanon fell to 5% in many places, but Lebanon under this government and under the House of Representatives and under conflict on ships electricity, under the struggle for power distribution between Nizar Younis and Bassil, and oust Nizar Younes from awarding distribution network of electric power,

the Minister Basil acting on it is scheduled for this ministry as Aoun everything, he says the Sehnaoui not pay money cell, and the minister Nicola Sehnaoui compelled to «hear the word» Basil because that brought him to the government is Aoun and of course against the swap moral and financial between them, so the energy crisis will increase but the issue where a large part of Multi resistance, resistance is now able to hit any oil facility in the sea to Israel and destroy, and easier Manal is to hit an oil facility in the sea where shatter and break out the fire immediately, in addition to the bombing of oil tanks on the beach of Tel Aviv, where Israel maintains there reserves of oil.

The scale of the crisis is looming & large:

in Given this reality, it will not be Prime Minister Saad Hariri, Prime Minister of drilling for oil, as well as it may be difficult to re-President Najib Mikati to power in the wake of the financial projects that are starting to become like Mr. Hariri entry in the country’s wealth. It may be choosing one Alrjalat Sunni input but there are detailed key sectors, does not allow them Hezbollah, first does not accept Hezbollah to take Israel more than its share, but Hezbollah insists on the implementation of satellite images sent by the United States, and sees Hezbollah satellite photos U.S. , so do not Israel must take more, second thing is that Hezbollah March in ministry roles clean and perfect sponsored Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah personally with ministers, and was insisting on transparency in the conduct of any government in which the Minister of Hezbollah, but now Mr Nasrallah has become convinced that Lebanon is able to get out of its economic crisis produces oil and gas in Lebanon, so Hezbollah insists that the Fund’s oil and gas fund independent is through it to pay debts the state and the implementation of projects in Lebanon for reconstruction.

Does your Lebanon from this situation to financial solution? It has been Lebanon experience with the martyr Hariri, who make a fortune from behind Solidere real estate, as that Mikati to make a fortune for 10 years from the receipt of payoff Cell, who arrived in the year to 400 million, and reached wealth Mikati today to $ 5 billion.
Hence, Van Lebanon unknown fate, so that Hariri arrived fortune to $ 16 billion, and the wealth Mikati reached 5 or $ 6 billion, with civilian institutions and civil located in a crisis and budget Lebanese increase its deficit, and under the guise that Prime Minister Saad Hariri and Fouad Siniora purely 16 billion 11 plus 5 billion and did not provide the necessary documents,

«Atahh» Aoun on this story to cover abuses carried out by and do it the Minister Gebran Bassil and others, and already, it is the Lebanese when he talks about reform and change by Aoun get disgusted because the smell of money in the Ministry of Communications…

The phone and the smell of money in the Ministry of Energy and Oil at Bassil and the Ministry of Tourism and other ministries.

has stayed files because Speaker Nabih Berri is that if open files will fall the government, as well as Hezbollah, as well as March 14 will be affected Balmusrov who cashed Siniora any 11 billion, and expense spent by Prime Minister Saad al-Hariri 5 billion, but on the other hand what is going on? Commits Aoun irregularities themselves, and more than that obtained in the era of former Prime Minister Rafic Hariri.

either dispute the basic between Prime Minister Saad Hariri and President Najib Mikati is the assignment of lines cell in Qatar for Oger Saudi owned by Hariri and company «MTN» owned by Prime Minister Najib Mikati, was paid Prime Minister Saad Hariri’s $ 420 million commitment to cell lines in Qatar, while Mikati paid $ 450 million to Qatar.

The stances groups of Prime Minister Hariri and President Mikati first two are in the bid for the commitment of cell lines in Qatar. It all makes important election battle, and makes it difficult to put the government, and makes the election law cover to control all sectors and looted.

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THE MAHDI !Mu is prayer

 LIBYA’S WEALTH REDISTRIBUTION PROJECT

by Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya

Qaddafi had many grand plans. He wanted to create a South Atlantic Treaty Organization to protect Africa and Latin America. He advocated for a gold dinar standard as the currency of Muslim countries. Many of his plans were also of a pan-African nature. This included the formation of a United States of Africa.

Qaddafi’s Pan-African Projects

Colonel Qaddafi started the Great Man-Made River, which consisted in a massive project to transform the Sahara Desert and reverse the desertification of Africa. The Great Man-Made River with its irrigation plans was also intended to support the agricultural sector in other parts of Africa. This project was a military target of NATO bombings. Without just cause, NATO’s bombing campaign was intent upon destroying the Great Man-Made River.

Qaddafi also envisioned independent pan-African financial institutions. The Libyan Investment Authority and the Libyan Foreign Bank were important players in setting up these institutions. Qaddafi, through the Libyan Foreign Bank and the Libyan Investment Authority, was instrumental in setting up Africa’s first satellite network, the Regional African Satellite Communication Organization (RASCOM), to reduce African dependence on external powers.

Regional African Satellite Communication Organization, “Launch of the Pan African Satellite,” 26 July 2010:
<http://www.rascom.org/info_detail2.php?langue_id=2&info_id=120&id_sr=0&id_r=32&id_gr=3>

His crowning achievement would have been the creation of the United States of Africa. The supranational entity would have been created through the African Investment Bank, the African Monetary Fund, and finally the African Central Bank. These institutions were all viewed with animosity by the European Union, United States, International Monetary Fund (IMF), and World Bank.

Qathafi’s Wealth Redistribution Project

Qathafi had a wealth redistribution project inside Libya. U.S. Congressional sources in a report to the U.S. Congress even acknowledge this.

On 18 February  2011 one report states:

In March 2008, [Colonel Qathafi] announced his intention to dissolve most government administrative bodies and institute a Wealth Distribution Program whereby state oil revenues would be distributed to citizens on a monthly basis for them to administer personally, in cooperation, and via local committees. Citing popular criticism of government performance in a long, wide ranging speech, [he] repeatedly stated that the traditional state would soon be “dead” in Libya and that direct rule by citizens would be accomplished through the distribution of oil revenues. [The military], foreign affairs, security, and oil production arrangements reportedly would remain national government responsibilities, while other bodies would be phased out. In early 2009, The Great Jamahiriya’s Basic People’s Congresses considered variations of the proposals, and the General People’s Congress voted to delay implementation.

Christopher M. Blanchard and James Zanotti, “Libya: Background and U.S. Relations,” Congressional Research Service, 18 February  2011, p.22.

al-Qathafi wanted all the people of Libya to have direct access to the nation’s wealth. He was also aware of the deep rooted corruption that plagued the ranks of the Libyan government. This was one of the reasons why he wanted to apply a model of political anarchy in Libya through progressive steps. He was talking about both these project for a few years.

There were ‘people’s supermarkets’, state-run workers-owned retail businesses in which Libyans could purchase all primary products at a very low cost. Which is why there was never, even a small famine in the years of the Great Jamahiriya.

On the other hand, the Wealth Redistribution Project, along with the establishment of an anarchist religio system, was viewed as a very serious threat by the U.S., the E.U., and a group of corrupt (RAT) Libyan officials. If successful, the reforms could have created political unrest amongst many domestic populations around the world. Internally, many RAT Libyan officials were working to delay the project. This included reaching out to external powers to intervene in Libya to stop al-Qathafi and his projects.

Mu Green paradise

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THE WONDER of the GREAT MAN-MADE RIVER PROJECT SYSTEM

LINKS TO MY PAGES on the GREAT MAN-MADE RIVER PROJECT of Mu’ammar al-Qathafi

par Christella Bernardene Krebs, mercredi 26 décembre 2012, 22:21 ·

https://www.facebook.com/note.php?saved&&note_id=339379326177081

The Great Man-Made River Project: Libya’s Achievement

Tuesday, 6 September 2011, 12:02 pm
Article: Frances Thomas

The Great Man-Made River Project: Libya’s Achievement and NATO’s War Crimes

by Frances Thomas
05 September  2011

http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/HL1109/S00041/the-great-man-made-river-project-libyas-achievement.htm

September 1st is the anniversary of an event little known in the West. Today, twenty years on, the people who deserve to be celebrating it, are instead enduring a war. Yet the achievement changed their lives greatly and merits recognition.

A tap was turned on in Libya. From an enormous ancient aquifer, deep below the Sahara Desert, fresh water began to flow north through 1200 kilometres of pipeline to the coastal areas where 90% of Libyan people live, delivering around one million cubic metres of pure water per day to the cities of Benghazi and Sirte.

Crowds gathered in the desert for the inaugural ceremony. Phase I of the largest civil engineering venture in the world, the Great Man-made River Project, had been completed.

It was during the 1953 search for new oilfields in southern Libya that the ancient water aquifers were first discovered, four huge basins with estimated capacities each ranging between 4,800 and 20,000 cubic kms. Yes, that’s cubic kilometres. There is so much water that Libya had recently also offered it to Egypt for their needs.

After the bloodless revolution of 1969, also on September 1, the new government nationalised the oil companies and spent much of the oil revenues to harness the supply of fresh water from the desert aquifers by putting in hundreds of bore wells. Muammar Gaddafi’s dream was to provide fresh water for everyone, and to turn the desert green, making Libya self-sufficient in food production. He established large farms and encouraged the people to move to the desert. But many preferred life on the coast and wouldn’t go.

So Gaddafi next conceived a plan to bring the water to the people. Feasibility studies were carried out by the Libyan government in the seventies and in 1983 the Great Man-made River Authority was set up. The project began the following year, fully funded by the Libyan government. The almost $30 billion cost to date has been without the need of any international loans. Nor has there been any charge on the people, who do not pay for their reticulated water, which is regarded in Libya to be a human right and therefore free.

GMMRP figures are staggering. The ‘rivers’ are a 4000-kilometre network of 4m diameter lined concrete pipes, buried below the desert sands to prevent evaporation. There are 1300 wells, 500,000 sections of pipe, 3700 kms of haul roads, and 250 million cubic metres of excavation. All material for the project was locally manufactured. Large reservoirs provide storage, and pumping stations control the flow into the cities. The pipeline first reached Tripoli in 1996 and when Phase V is completed, the water will allow about 155,000 hectares of land to be cultivated.

To achieve all this, construction work was tendered and many overseas companies, including from US, Korea, Turkey, Britain, Japan and Germany took up contracts for each Phase, and some have worked for decades in Libya. The project has not been without problems, including faulty materials and financial difficulties within some of the contracting firms. Since the NATO air attacks on Libya began in March, most foreign nationals have returned home, including those employed on the hydro scheme. The final phase of the Great Man-made River Project is stalled.

Libyan people put their hearts into work on the GMMR from the beginning, and years ago took on most of the managerial and technical positions as their expert knowledge increased, with government policy encouraging their education, training and employment. They proudly call the GMMRP “the eighth wonder of the world.”

(UN Human Development Index figures for Libya since the beginning of Gaddafi’s influence can be found here http://bit.ly/b4ItsI )

The project was so well recognised internationally that UNESCO in 1999 accepted Libya’s offer to fund an award named after it, the Great Man-Made River International Water Prize, the purpose of which is to “reward remarkable scientific research work on water usage in arid areas”. http://bit.ly/rnxiCf

Gaddafi was often ridiculed in the West for persevering with such an ambitious project. Pejorative terms such “pipedream”, “pet project” and “mad dog” appeared in UK and US media. Despite a certain amount of awe for the enormity of the construction, the Great Man-made River was often dismissed as a “vanity project” and then rarely mentioned in western media. But truth is, it’s a world class water delivery system, and often visited by overseas engineers and planners wanting to learn from Libyan expertise in water transfer hydro-engineering.

On 22 July this year, four months into the air strikes to “protect civilians”, NATO forces hit the GMMR water supply pipeline. For good measure the following day, NATO destroyed the factory near Brega that produces the pipes to repair it, along with killing six guards there.

NATO air strikes on the electricity supply, as well as depriving civilians of electricity, mean that water pumping stations are no longer operating in areas even where the pipelines remain intact. Water supply for the 70% of the population who depend on the piped supply has been compromised with this damage to Libya’s vital infrastructure.

Oh, and by the way, attacking essential civilian infrastructure is a war crime.

Today in Sirte, which along with Benghazi was one of the first two cities to receive the water, there should be a celebration to mark the twenty years since fresh reticulated water first came to their city, and Gaddafi’s vision should be honoured.

But today Sirte is encircled by the rebels, and right now is being carpet bombed by NATO. The civilians are terrorised, and many families have tried to flee. But the rebels block all the exits, they kill the men, and send the women and children back into the city to be bombed. In the media the rebels are reported to have given Sirte until Saturday to surrender before they commence a full attack. But that’s not what’s happening really.

September 1, 2011, will be remembered in history for NATO’s complicity in the massacre of the people of Sirte.

Back in 1991, at the gala opening of GMMRP Phase I, and maybe recalling the 1986 bombing of his home (which was carried out by US military on Reagan’s orders), Muammar Gaddafi spoke these words to the invited international dignitaries and assembled crowd:

“After this achievement, American threats against Libya will double …. The United States will make excuses, (but) the real reason is to stop this achievement, to keep the people of Libya oppressed.”

His words were prophetic.

ENDS

© Scoop Media

NATO bombs the Great Man-Made River in Libya cutting water supply to people

By   /   05August 2011  /   

http://www.setyoufreenews.com/2011/08/05/nato-bombs-the-great-man-made-river-in-libya-cutting-water-supply-to-people/

Listen to Jeff Rense interview with Susan Lindauer about NATO war crimes in Libya.

The interview was recorded on 29th July, 2011.

Topics include:

  • Libya’s Great Man-Made River Project being bombed by NATO cutting water supply to people;
  • Libya’s oil and gold reserves;
  • Gaddafi’s achievements for Libyan people;
  • True reasons behind the war in Libya.

From Human Rights Investigations:

It is a war crime to attack essential civilian infrastructure. 95% of Libya is desert and 70% of Libyans depend on water which is piped in from the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System under the southern desert. The water pipe infrastructure is probably the most essential civilian infrastructure in Libya. Key to its continued function, particularly in time of war, is the Brega pipe factory which enables leaks and breaks in the system to be repaired.

NATO has admitted that its jets attacked the pipe factory on 22 July, claiming in justification that it was used as a military storage facility and rockets were launched from there.

The Great Man-Made River

Libyans like to call the Great Man-Made River “The eighth wonder of the world”.

According to a March 2006 report by the BBC  the industrialisation of Libya following the Great Al-Fatah Revolution in 1969, put strain on water supplies and coastal aquifers became contaminated with sea water, to such an extent that the water in Benghazi was undrinkable. Finding a supply of fresh, clean water became a government priority and fortunately oil exploration in the 1950s had revealed vast aquifers beneath Libya’s southern desert.

In August 1984, Muammar Al Qadhafi laid the foundation stone for the pipe production plant at Brega. The Great Man-Made River Project had begun. Adam Kuwairi, a senior figure in the Great Man-Made River Authority (GMRA), vividly remembers the impact the fresh water had on him and his family:

“The water changed lives. For the first time in our history, there was water in the tap for washing, shaving and showering. The quality of life is better now, and it’s impacting on the whole country.”

On 3 April  Libya warned that NATO-led air strikes could cause a “human and environmental disaster” if air strikes damaged the Great Man-Made River project.

Engineer and project manager Abdelmajid Gahoud told foreign journalists in Tripoli:

If part of the infrastructure is damaged, the whole thing is affected and the massive escape of water could cause a catastrophe,” leaving 4.5 million thirsty Libyans deprived of drinking water.

The Brega Pipe-Making Plant

The Pre-Stressed Concrete Cylinder Pipe Factory at Brega is one of only two such facilities in Libya – the other being at Sarir to the east. This makes it a very important component of the Great Man-Made River – with two production lines making up to 80 pipes a day.

According to the BBC:

The engineer in charge of the Brega pipe factory is Ali Ibrahim. He is proud that Libyans are now running the factory:

“At first, we had to rely on foreign-owned companies to do the work. But now it’s government policy to involve Libyans in the project. Libyans are gaining experience and know-how, and now more than 70% of the manufacturing is done by Libyans. With time, we hope we can decrease the foreign percentage from 30% to 10%.”

As a result, Libya is now a world leader in hydrological engineering and it wants to export its expertise to other African and Middle-Eastern countries facing similar problems with their water.

According to the official web site of the Great Man-Made River Authority:

Approximately 500,000 pre-stressed concrete cylinder pipes have been manufactured to dateApproximately 500,000 pipes transported to date. Pipe transportation is continuous process  and the work goes on day and night, distance traveled by the transporters is equivalent to the sun and back. Over 3,700 km of haul roads  was constructed alongside the pipe line trench to enable the heavy truck – trailers to deliver pipe to the installation site.

NATO Attack

On 22 July NATO warplanes attacked the pipe making plant at Brega killing six of the facility’s security guards.

According to AP, Abdel-Hakim el-Shwehdy, head  of the company running the project, said:

“Major parts of the plant have been damaged. There could be major setback for the future  projects.”

Water supply to Brega Cut

On Monday 18 July rebel spokesman Shamsiddin Abdulmolah told AFP that remnants of Gadhafi’s troops were holed up among industrial facilities in Brega with supplies dwindling.

“Their food and water supplies are cut and they now will not be able to sleep.”

Given the rebel boasts that the pro-Gadaffi forces in Brega had no water, the question has to be posed whether this attack was a deliberate attempt to prevent repair of the pipeline into Brega.

NATO Response

In response to HRI enquiry, NATO press office said:

We can confirm that we targeted Brega on July 22nd and we stroke successfully: one military storage facility and four armed vehicles.”

HRI requested clarification:

The building you hit (apparently in the Brega pipe factory) was being used for what kind of military storage?

What considerations were taken into account to ensure that the strikes did not damage civilian infrastructure or was damage to the civilian infrastructure considered legitimate?

Given the potential consequences to civilians of damage to the pipe factory and the ability of the engineers to be able to repair broken water pipelines I hope you will appreciate the importance of these questions.

At the 26th July at the NATO press conference in Naples  Colonel Rolond Lavoie, neglecting to inform the assembled journalists that the “concrete factory” plays an important role in preserving Libya’s water supply, said:

Now in the area of Brega, NATO strikes included armoured vehicles, rocket launchers, military storage facilities and a repurposed concrete factory from which Pro-Gaddafi forces were using multi-viral [sic] rocket launchers, exposing the population to indirect fire.

Let me show you some intelligence pictures that illustrate what we have observed at this concrete factory. By the way these pictures will be made available on the NATO site so it will be possible for the media can download them

So basically repeatedly over the last few weeks we got clear intelligence indicating that pro-Gadaffi forces are using this factory for military purposes. This factory is being used to hide military material including Multiple Rocket Launchers. These weapons have been used every day from within this factory compound and then carefully hidden after the day within or along massive pipes you can see in this picture.

Slide 1 20 July apparently shows a BM-21 rocket launcher -a model of rocket launcher widely used by both loyalist and rebel forces in Libya.

Slide 2 23 July apparently shows a BM-21 rocket launcher. The slide shows black smoke in the centre of the picture which suggests two hits (possibly on vehicles) have already been made, with the BM-21 left intact.

Neither slide appears to show the building which was destroyed in the video or helps to understand when or why that was hit. So the photos lead to more questions than they answer – clearly the BM-21, spotted on the 20th, was not considered a priority target, and there is nothing in the NATO explanation which explains why the water supplies of the Libyan people have now been put at such risk.

On 27th July further enquiries by HRI elicited the additional information that

The factory is being used to hide military material, including multiple rocket launchers. These weapons have been used every day from within this factory compound and then carefully hidden after the day within the factory buildings and the area. 

and

All sites that could be used by the pro-Qadhafi regime forces to threaten or attack civilians can be considered as a legitimate target by NATO in full accordance with UNSCR 1973. That resolution mandates the use of all necessary measures to protect civilians in Libya from attack or threat of attacks.

According to the NATO press office, the attack was within the rules of engagement agreed upon by all 28 countries in the coalition by consensus. It seems unlikely that the rules of engagement would allow this attack or that the states in the Security Council would agree that a devious interpretation of UN Security Council Resolution 1973 should supercede international humanitarian law.

NATO have failed to provide answers to the following questions:

  • Do you have any concrete evidence that rockets were fired from inside the pipe-making plant?
  • Can you explain the precise targeting and timing of strikes within this facility?
  •  What steps were taken to ensure collateral damage to the facility was avoided?
  • What alternatives were considered to military strikes on this factory?

Read Full Article

 _____________________________________________________________

Great Man Made River  –  لــنهر الصــناعي العظـــيم

Ideas for a greener Libya – Working to provide reliable and safe water supply to support agriculture and  cover the domestic water requirements of the Libyan population

العمل على توفير مصدر دائم وآمن للمياه لدعم المشاريع الزراعية  وتغطية الاحتياجات المائية للمستهلكين

Great Man Made River (GMMR) – “Великая Рукотворная Река” в Ливии – Das 8. Weltwunder – لــنهر الصــناعي العظـــيم

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Great-Man-Made-River

In the ninth month of the year (1984) began work on a Great Man Made River to transport groundwater basins infidels and bed and Tazrbu and Fezzan in the south to the cities of Benghazi and Sirte and Tripoli, Tobruk and other coastal cities in the north through the system, huge pipes huge total extension of about (3.380 ) kilometers was set up two plants in the bed and Brega for the provision of these tubes made of material concrete the previous stress and is buried in the trenches of the underground at a depth of (7) meters have been drilled (960) wells at depths ranging from (450) meters, and between (650) meters in the basin Tazrbu bed and Fezzan and Kufra.

Great Man Made River is part of http://www.AlGaddafi.org

Publishing the Truth and real Facts about Muammar Al Gaddafi. Part of his life commitment for the Libyan people is the Great Man Made River!

Libyans in Benghazi enjoyed as first Libyans fresh water from the GMMR project. 1996 followed by Tripoli. Unfortunately, the project got not further, than phase III.  Our special thanks to NATO and “United” Nations Security Council for that!

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Benghazi is since 1991 connected and receives fresh water from the Great Man Made River. Tripoli since 1996.

Facts & Figures – The Great Man Made River (GMMR)

These are some Facts and Figures about GMRA :

–  Approximately 547.000 pre-stressed concrete cylinder pipes have been manufactured to date.

(Phase III)
– Approximately 547.000 pipes transported to date. Pipe transportation is continuous process

and the work goes on day and night, distance traveled by the transporters is equivalent to the

sun and back.

– Approximately 5.200.000 tons of cement

– Approximately 24,000,000 tons of rubble and gravel

– Approximately 4.300.000 kilometers of steel wire

– Approximately 43.000.000 kilometers from sheets of iron and steel

– Approximately 155.000.000) cubic meters of soil excavation

– Over 3,700 km of haul roads  was constructed alongside the pipe line trench to enable the heavy

truck – trailers to deliver pipe to the installation site

Phase I    Total Length 1,600 Km.
Phase II   Total Length  2,155 Km.

Phase III   Total Length  …….. Km. – Phase III was inaugurated in 2010 by Muammar Al Gaddafi

Phase IV   Total Length  ……. Km.

Phase V   Total Length  …….. Km.

Volume of Trench Excavation 250 Million

Cubic Meter.

– The amount of aggregate used in the project :

30,000,000 Ton.

Enough to Build 20 pyramids the size of the

great pyramid of Khoufu.

– Total Weight of Cement used 7.0  Million Tones.

– Total Length of Pre-Stressing Wire 6.0 Million

Kilometers
This would circle the Earth 280 times.

– The 1,300 wells which will be drilled will ultimately

produce 6.5 Million cubic meters of water per day.

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Pictures right above; Top: map of WELLFILDS & RESERVORIS. – Tazerbo wellfield, Sarir wellfield, Fezzan wellfield. Reservoirs are in Benghazi, Tobruk, Sirt and near Tripoli.

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In total, the Great Man-Made River project requires the drilling of 960 wells with depths varying from 450 to 650 meters. The network of wells covers on area of 8000 square km.

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8 km of carbonised metal wire is wound around each pipe segment, that means the length of wire required for the first phase alone is sufficient to encircle the globe 230 times.

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The volume of water in the reservoir in the Kufra basin exceeds the amount
of water that would flow from the Nile basin in 220 years.
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The volume of water that will flow daily from this artificial river upon completion is equal to half the amount of oil produced daily all over the world.

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The stone and sand used to manufacture the pipes would be enough to build 16 of the Giza Pyramids in Egypt. The quantity of cement used in this project could build a highway from Tripoli to Bombay.

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Experts anticipate that the estimated 6 million cubic metres of drinking water pumped through the pipelines daily should cover the needs of the Libyan People for over 50 years.

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It is really worthwhile to spend a little time visiting such a majestic work. The great man-made river can not be appreciated until you see it yourself. When peace is back in Libya make a trip to the surface man-made lakes which accommodate huge amounts of water in fabricated basins, so big that they can be crossed in a speed boat. These sites have a special beauty, a fascinating and strange mixture of man’s will and ingenuity and the immensity of nature.

In the ninth month of the year (1984) began work on a Great Man Made River to transport groundwater basins infidels and bed and Tazrbu and Fezzan in the south to the cities of Benghazi and Sirte and Tripoli, Tobruk and other coastal cities in the north through the system, huge pipes huge total extension of about (3.380 ) kilometers was set up two plants in the bed and Brega for the provision of these tubes made of material concrete the previous stress and is buried in the trenches of the underground at a depth of (7) meters have been drilled (960) wells at depths ranging from (450) meters, and between (650) meters in the basin Tazrbu bed and Fezzan and Kufra.

Benghazi is since 1991 connected and receives fresh water from the Great Man Made River. Tripoli since 1996.

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Arial photograph of the first large farm test field within the Libyan dessert.

Objectives of the River Project

1. Stop the growing clouds of limited groundwater reserves in the coastal cities and stop saline intrusion from the sea to drinking water and agricultural land.
2. Farming close to (180) thousand hectares, achieving self-sufficiency of a mass of food products where the strategy will be allocated more than (80%) of river water for agriculture.
3. The creation of light industries and other medium-heavy and a third advantage of the abundance of water and add to the GDP
4. Stop the migration from the countryside to the cities and fight against desertification and solve obsessed with food security and the creation of the mass people economically and developmentally for the post-oil.

Facts and Figures1. Experts estimate that the amount of fresh water that will flow through the pipeline to ensure sufficient reserves, the mass of water to more than (50) years on the basis of six million cubic meters of supplies a day.
2. According to studies, the size of the underground stock of Kufra Basin over the volume of water flowing from the Nile Basin over the (220) years.
3. Equal to the volume of water that flow daily half the size of the oil that is produced each day from oil fields in the world.
4. The capacity of the bed and Brega manufacturers for the production of pipe (220) tube in the day, equivalent to five times greater production plant in the world.
5. The length of wire wrapped around the (250) A tube which form the body of the river in the first stage enough to wrap around the globe (230) times.
6. Upon completion of stages of the river which entered the material in its implementation as follows:· (547.000) tube
· (5.200.000 tons) of cement
· (24,000,000) tons of rubble and gravel
· (4.300.000) kilometers of steel wire
· (43.000.000) kilometers from sheets of
iron and steel
· (155.000.000) cubic meters of soil excavation.
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Not bombs, tanks and missles, but 547.000 pre-stressed concrete cylinder pipes have been transported to date!


The 5 phases of the Great Man Made River project

 

There a 5 phases of the Great-Man-Made-River project. Muammar Al Gaddafi was able to inaugurate the finishing of the 3th project phase. Unfortunately, phase 4 and 5 of the greatest civil water project on earth are now on halt as UN – Security Council (France, USA, United Kingdom and China Russia) supported a No-Flight zone resoution 1973.

NATO planes bombarded during the early days of the war on Libya the main pipe producing factory (Brega) and destroyed also parts of the Water-Pipe-System of phase 3.  (This is an WAR CRIME)

 

Video: NATO bombed “Great Man Made River”factory

* Click Here to watch the video

 

Stages of the industrial river

The first phase

Contain the first stage on the two systems of pipes the first stretch of Tazrbu to Sellouk and the second from the bed to the Sirte included the system first drilling (120) wells and D (800) kilometers of pipes of Tazrbu to Benghazi and produces field Tazrbu million cubic meters of water per day exploit (98 ) wells and the rest is just a precaution.
Of the bed start system pipes the following which contains the collection network strength (126) wells of which is used (113) and the remaining reserves of the bed starts the flow of million cubic meters of water per day in two parallel lines to the tank Ajdabiya then Ajdabiya heading another branch of the system holds ( 1.18) million cubic meters of water east to Benghazi and another branch heading west towards the city of Sirte carries (820) thousand cubic meters of water.

Phase II

This topic is aimed to phase transfer of (2.5) million cubic meters of water from wells located in two fields in the Mount Al_husaona.
Oriented system to the coastal areas in western mass that extends from the western Al Heisha new about easy Ajafarh and land located between Alchuirv to Tarhunah length of the system around me (1676) kilometers and extend the system with water (484) wells card (2) million cubic meters a day.
At this stage, begin collecting water in the pipe network especially flowing through the water collection tanks and then enter the pumping stations located at the end of the well fields mission push water through the highland areas until you reach the sloping land and off after that flow naturally toward the Alchuirv then subdivided the line into two branches the central branch heading north.

Until it reaches near Tarhunah and section east off in the direction of the north-east and when the plug follows the line path along the coastal road passing near the cities of Misurata, Zeliten and five until it reaches the Qara Bolli where the reservoir budget on high (160) meters above sea level and from this reservoir is connected to water to the area in and around Tripoli, in addition to the territory of the fertile plain Alajafarh.

The third stage

This phase aims to add (1.68) million cubic meters of water a day-to-energy first and second phases will be pumping this amount of additional field wells in the basin of the infidels, and composed this stage of the three lines, first heading to the south of Green Mountain and ventralis and the second stems from the infidels, and joining the line north of the first phase fields Tazrbu and third connecting first and second phases.
And the completion of the Phase III project have been completed and the river’s total water-borne (6.1) million cubic meters a day.

About GMRA
The Vision
Infrastructure
Water usage

News & events
Announcements
Time line
Contact us

عـــــــربـي


PDF (click on small text) –  THE IMPACT OF THE GREAT MAN MADE RIVER PROJECT ON
LIBYA’S AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES AND THE ENVIRONMENT 
“…Libya’s In 1984, the Libyan government started the largest civil engineering project ever undertaken in the world that was scheduled to complete within twenty years. The project,  popularly known as the Great Man Made River Project (GMMRP), when fully completed can supply a total of 6,500,000m³ of freshwater per day to most northern Libya cities bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Eighty percent of this  water is allocated for agricultural activities while the remaining is for municipal  and industrial purposes. The impact of the availability of this water on the agriculture activities is tremendous ….”

Great Man Made River  –  لــنهر الصــناعي العظـــيم

Ideas for a greener Libya – Working to provide reliable and safe water supply to support agriculture and  cover the domestic water requirements of the Libyan population

العمل على توفير مصدر دائم وآمن للمياه لدعم المشاريع الزراعية  وتغطية الاحتياجات المائية للمستهلكين

Great Man Made River (GMMR) – “Великая Рукотворная Река” в Ливии – Das 8. Weltwunder – لــنهر الصــناعي العظـــيم

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لــنهر الصــناعي العظـــيم

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Great Man Made River (GMMR)

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Великая Рукотворная Река в Ливии

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Das 8. Weltwunder in Libyen

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Francaise

Grande-Man-Made River

La Grande-Man-Made River (GMR, النهر الصناعي العظيم)

Great-Man-Made-River

The 1st of September marks the anniversary of the opening of the major stage of Libya’s Great Man-Made River Project. This incredibly huge and successful water scheme is virtually unknown in the West, yet it rivals and even surpasses all our greatest development projects. The leader of the so-called advanced countries, the United States of America cannot bring itself to acknowledge Libya’s Great Man-Made River. The West refuses to recognize that a small country, with a population no more than four million, some with out an architectural engineering degree, environmental science degree or even a health administration degree can construct anything so large without borrowing a single cent from the international banks. Making this feat all that more impressive and worth acknowledgement.

Up until recently, Libya’s supply of water came from underground aquifers or desalination plants on the coast. Water derived from desalination or aquifers near the coast was of poor quality and sometimes undrinkable. This problem also meant that little water was available to irrigate land for agriculture, which is vital in this largely desert country. A problem that could have been detected earlier by someone with a masters in health administration or even a degree in mineral sciences.

In the 1960s during oil exploration deep in the southern Libyan desert, vast reservoirs of high quality water were discovered in the form of aquifers. The most important of these aquifers, or water bearing rock strata, were laid down during a geological time when the Mediterranean sea flowed southward to the foot of the Tibesti mountains, that are situated on Libya’s border with Chad. During that period the Mediterranean sea frequently varied in level, as a result of which, various sedimentary deposits were formed.

Geological activity caused the up thrust of mountainous formations (Jabal Nefussa and Jabal Al Akhdar) and the associated downward movement formed natural underground basins. Between 38,000 and 10,000 years ago the climate of North Africa was temperate, during which time there was considerable rainfall in Libya. The excess rainfall infiltrated into porous sandstone and was trapped between layers, forming reservoirs of underground fresh-water.

In Libya there are four major underground basins, these being the Kufra basin, the Sirt basin, the Morzuk basin and the Hamada basin, the first three of which contain combined reserves of 35,000 cubic kilometres of water. These vast reserves offer almost unlimited amounts of water for the Libyan people.

The people of Libya under the guidance of their leader, Colonel Muammar Al Qadhafi, initiated a series of scientific studies on the possibility of accessing this vast ocean of fresh water. Early consideration was given to developing new agricultural projects close to the sources of the water, in the desert. However, it was realized that on the scale required to provide products for self sufficiency, a very large infrastructure organization would be required. In addition to this, a major redistribution of the population from the coastal belt would be necessary. The alternative was to ‘bring the water to the people’.

In October 1983, the Great Man-made River Authority was created and invested with the responsibility of taking water from the aquifers in the south, and conveying it by the most economical and practical means for use, predominantly for irrigation, in the Libyan coastal belt.

By 1996 the Great Man-Made River Project had reached one of its final stages, the gushing forth of sweet unpolluted water to the homes and gardens of the citizens of Libya’s capital Tripoli. Louis Farrakhan, who took part in the opening ceremony of this important stage of the project, described the Great Man-Made River as “another miracle in the desert.” Speaking at the inauguration ceremony to an audience that included Libyans and many foreign guests, Col. Qadhafi said the project “was the biggest answer to America… who accuse us of being concerned with terrorism.”

The Great Man-Made River, as the largest water transport project ever undertaken, has been described as the “eighth wonder of the world”. It carries more than five million cubic metres of water per day across the desert to coastal areas, vastly increasing the amount of arable land. The total cost of the huge project is expected to exceed $25 billion (US).

Consisting of a network of pipes buried underground to eliminate evaporation, four meters in diameter, the project extends for four thousand kilometres far deep into the desert. All material is locally engineered and manufactured. Underground water is pumped from 270 wells hundreds of meters deep into reservoirs that feed the network. The cost of one cubic meter of water equals 35 cents. The cubic meter of desalinized water is $3.75. Scientists estimate the amount of water to be equivalent to the flow of 200 years of water in the Nile River.

The goal of the Libyan Arab people, embodied in the Great Man-Made River project, is to make Libya a source of agricultural abundance, capable of producing adequate food and water to supply its own needs and to share with neighboring countries. In short, the River is literally Libya’s ‘meal ticket’ to self-sufficiency.

Each pipe of the river project is buried in a trench approximately seven metres deep, excavation of which requires the removal of some 100,000 cubic metres of material each working day. Excavation is carried out by large hydraulic excavators fitted with 7.6 cubic metre buckets. Once the trench has been prepared, prestressed concrete cylinder pipes 7.5 metres long and weighing up to 80 tons are brought to the site using a fleet of some 128 specially designed transporters.

Pipes are placed in the trench using large cranes, capable of lifting up to 450 tons, and joined to the already laid pipe by pushing them into place with a bulldozer. The joint between the pipes is sealed using a rubber ring seal installed in a special groove on the end of the pipe and this joint itself sealed, both inside and outside the pipe, with cement grout. The trench is then backfilled, covering the pipe with a minimum of 2 metres of material and restoring the desert surface.

After backfilling, the pipe is adequately supported by the soil and can be hydrostatically tested. This requires the fitting of specially designed steel bulkheads at each end of the test section and filling of the line with water from wells drilled adjacent to the conveyance. Up to 8 kilometre lengths of the conveyance are tested at a time, and, after allowing adequate time for the concrete lining of the pipe to absorb water, the line is pressurised to test both the pipe and its joints.

The plant, equipment and logistical support for this project are also on a vast scale. Some 10,000 people and 4,500 pieces of equipment are employed on the work. Two thousand five hundred tons of cement per day are supplied by the Libyan Cement Company and hauled in a fleet of 127 cement tankers to the pipe plants at Brega and Sarir.

The Great Man-Made River Project is bringing water to the people and providing water for municipal, industrial and agricultural use. The strategy of the responsible Libyan authority is aimed at increasing both crop and livestock production to a level that achieves the highest possible rate of self-sufficiency and reduces dependence on imports from foreign markets to the lowest possible level. It also aims at increasing the productive capabilities of the labor force and of the capital investments in the sector, and at producing raw materials for food processing industries.

According to the writer Ali Baghdadi, “the river is a new lesson and an example in the struggle to achieve self-sufficiency, food security and true independence. No nation that depends on a foreign country to feed its people can be free. The Great River is a triumph against thirst and hunger. It is a defeat against ignorance and backwardness. It reflects the determination of Libyans to resist colonial pressure, to acquire technology, to develop, to improve their lives, and to control their own destiny in accordance with their own free will.”

New Dawn Magazine, Libyan Jamahiria – Tripoli

* Benghazi is since 1991 connected and receives fresh water from the Great Man Made River. Tripoli since 1996.


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