The words Code Commander and Arab thinker # Muammar al-Qathafi # for Libya
من أقوال القـائـد الرمـز و المفكّـر العربي #معمر #القذافي عن لبنان
Is this the back cover of the last edition of the Green Book?
Congratulations Ramadan – 2nd Day of Ramadan 1434
FB VIDEO 01:26
A. Arabs writes:
To the green channel greeting from the heart.
And to the wonderful work group
The the wounded Libyan breakfast table
Special greeting from the heart
Although Matnolh work of the suffering of the nation at home and abroad in a spirit of comedy Ramadan powerfully raise your greeting, you stench Aanads home Alkadirat you have our respect and accept God صيامكم and fasting all the Liberals and God made him the balance of Hassanatkn and the merits of it is based on this channel brilliant, and our victory God Nasr Aziz competent.:
On the green channel
International figures in the Great Jamahiriya type your green
معزوفات ضوئية (الله أكبر بالأسلام عزتنا) – 3 رمضان 1434
Beats light (God is Islam pride) – 3rd day of Ramadan 1434
13:41 FB VIDEO
Muammar al-Qathafi with his flute:
Operetta People’s Power:
Light at Japennek of … And the right of his faith … Billah …. Mutasim people … Billah … What Mo’tassem honor the Andas … Jamahiriya Raise the flag … And ordered the lifting of the head … And sponsored our hearts … O God, that with him … If (s) to what backbiting … Havo by Mutasim safety safety
Even the houses of God did not hand over of دمارهم and Khrbashathm
(It is the darkest of those who prevent the mosques of Allah, stating the name and in the mess those sought was them that يدخلوها the only scared them in this world and shame them in the Hereafter an awful doom)
Great truth of God.
Martyrdom of the Arabic language under NATO planes,,,
Quoting Libyan Republic page ….
“Government came to kill me! !
Libyan Army Chief of Staff: The government does not want to build a national army
He said the RAT Libyan army chief of staff Major General Salem Guenida that the current Libyan government does not want to create a regular army official, confirming that it is trying to build up the body and described Balemczuh, is the “National Guard,” a cover for the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood.
Libyan Army Chief of Staff: The government does not want to build a national army 7.13.2013 | 17:48 Middle East News
Libyan Army Chief of Staff:
The government does not want to build a national army He said the Libyan army chief of staff Major General Salem Guenida that the current Libyan government does not want to create a regular army official, confirming that it is trying to build up the body and described Balemczuh, is the “National Guard.” Guenida’s comments came in an interview with a local television channel, where he said that the billions allocated for the construction of the Libyan army and the police do not go to the military accounts, but unknown to the personal accounts. This semi-Libyan army chief of staff, “National Guard” to “Revolutionary Guards” during the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA. The Rat Libyan Prime Minister since the days of retreat from the government’s decision to establish the Libyan National Guard.
http://arabic.rt.com/news/621077/ :روسيا اليوم
Libyan police demonstration in Tripoli rejection of the continued attacks on state institutions 7.11.2013 | 20:22 Middle East News
AFP Photo Archive Libyan police demonstration in Tripoli rejection of the continued attacks on state institutions Men demonstrated different police forces and security organs of the Libyan Ministry of Interior, on Thursday, July 11,
in protest against the continuing attacks on state institutions by the militants, demanding the government quickly implement Parliament’s decision to vacate the capital from all armed manifestations. He called the police during their demonstration in the center of the capital Tripoli, their government to work on security and stability, and cut the road to anyone who tries to drag the country into a quagmire of violence and counter-violence.
He said the demonstrators that the attack on the institutions of the state and the imposition of views by force does not help to build a state. The protesters demanded of the Libyan police to provide all the capabilities of police work mechanisms, weapons and other technical equipment. Noteworthy that despite the return of Libyan police to work but they can not prosecute the wanted criminals or troublemakers to their inability to deal with the lack of armament potential, and rely on it to help some battalions rebels.
http://arabic.rt.com/news/620932/ :روسيا اليوم
Baauk my country ……….. Independence of pronouns
From the Office of Joseph carved in the Council of Ministers and Villa d. Mohammed Abojeelh Baleneuvliyn
Suspicious meeting Office of Joseph carved prime minister and the presence of the Undersecretary of Defense Tohamy Abouzayn of dated 07/10/2013 and then was called the Italian military attache of the meeting was the theme of the meeting is as follows:
_ Supply 150 armored vehicles owl.
_ The supply of arms and ammunition and other equipment from different manufacturers Italian.
_ Training the first batch of 2600 individual for a period of 14 months in Italy for the year 2013.
_ Training of the second batch number 2400 per person for 14 months in Italy for the year 2014.
_ Asked Joseph and Thami Abouzayn the carved be all the demands of supplies from Italy to the Libyan side in the military sphere to be only through them (why????) And Failure to Report any other party, including the presidency of the General Staff.
To confirm the ornately Joseph visited this Italian companies dated 23/05/2013 and also visited France and met managers of French companies on 25/05/2013 and then later traveled to Qatar on 28/05/2013 and before this trip he visited Turkey for suspicious purposes.
And trainees will be sent to America – France – UK – Spain, totaling 19,500 individual
(National Guard) as Mr. Ali Zaidan Mohamed Morsi, at the press conference (full format) .. ???? What is the justification delivery of $ 2 billion for the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.
Ministry of the Interior
Day 07/11/2013 Number 3 was called executives from Italy and entered without visas for Libya and they are currently at the Corinthia Hotel and the call issued by the Director of the Ministry of Interior Relations and companies are:
_ Augusta for the helicopter industry.
(IDS) Company (ie DSL) for the manufacture of electronic systems and software.
_ A Alenia Aarmicka company for the aircraft industry fighter and Altql.
And has asked these companies to return to Libya Thursday 18/07/2013.
The purpose is to discuss the contracts with the ministry …. Why??????
_ Supplying drones.
_ The supply of armored vehicles, the type of owl.
_ Security equipment.
_ The type of fighter helicopters (T – 129).
And for the purpose of implementing that was hauling a letter from the Director of Administrative and Financial Affairs colonel Arhomh the bid to the Commission regarding the companies mentioned, noting that this letter was based on the instructions of the Minister (where Mr. Ali Zaidan).
The company Neptune and broker the deal and the owner of this company is (Saad Dawi is known for its history Said Owaidat known partner in the era of The Great Jamahiriya) where the company was founded on 06.12.2013 for this purpose and the signing of an agreement were discussed with the companies mentioned commission is any Saad Dawi in a relationship especially with Brigadier General Abdulsalam الحاسي and others.
(WESTERN IMPERIALISM IN FULL FORCE):
Dean Abdulsalam الحاسي
Get the Medal of U.S. President Obama and this is known to all, but the important thing suspicious and he had to bring trainers from the American Marines are currently training Libyan elements to carry out special operations in the camp 27 through the corner.
The Abdulsalam الحاسي visited Germany in 2012 and met Chairman of the African American and stationed in Germany, and has examined the vehicles and mechanisms have been withdrawn from Afghanistan and Iraq for the purpose of supply to Libya that are developed and maintained in Malta. Whom this power and the chief of staff does not know and where the budget and chief of staff complaining of bankruptcy and whether the Libyan army were executed and is now being replaced by the Brotherhood’s Revolutionary Guards. But it shields + = Supreme Security Committee of the National Guard under the command of Joseph ornately country
For your information I Libyans that the powers of the Ministry of Defence and the presidency of the General Staff and the commander-in-chief turned ability capable of (Ali Mercy) to Joseph carved out of the window and door with income.
Budget is (the blood of the martyrs, the wounded and with the parties and mothers who lost their sons and all Libby wanted the best for Libya).
Oh Libyan Dear honorable rebels and army officers .. Wake Libya infiltrated and burned
Libya at auction, secret, and unfortunately by the foundlings and returning from Europe and America.
Issa Oraibi …
Year on year .. National Congress of the statement of account
1 – salaries, cars and luxury accommodation and travel at the expense of foreign Libya.
2 – had friends and relatives in embassies and companies
3 – Do not build the army and police.
4 – to give legitimacy to the Brigades to kill young people, particularly in Benghazi
5 – Resolution No. 7 attack on Bani Walid
6 – compromising national sovereignty
7 – Act imposed isolation the political Almadlj and detailed
8 – Exchange 134 billion in the government of Cape Zidane without any achievement
9 – Give the Government of the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood in Egypt and 2 billion oil Free
10 – do not solve the problem of displaced persons in Libya
11 – partisan tendencies, tribal and regional within the Conference
12 – the dismantling of the Libyan fabric and increase the rage
13 – Mufti power higher authority in the country which is a party
14 – to differentiate between Libyan cities and tribes.
15 – Care secret prisons and Altistar the criminals
16 – Conference represents parties and does not represent the Libyan people
and most importantly:
17 – ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood took control of Congress fully
And Owoowoowoo …….. etc.
Tatannaki opens fire ..
In a telephone interview him yesterday on his channel Libya First.
However announcer: Hamid Net
Hassan Tatannaki, launched a massive attack on the National Congress and the government describes tragic Palmzari situation and that Libya has been lost and over, and it’s cattle abyss
In his speech, he stressed that the Brotherhood has ended up in Egypt.
They Qaaadmon the and Zahvon toward Libya because they failed in Egypt, and therefore they will try to succeed in Tunisia, Libya, victims have received Madjaakm Aalippin!! The situation is very bad and the country.
Agency Wadi Dinar newsletter. Valley Agency Dinar News
Antichrist “sincere Gharyani” in a lecture today in a mosque Murad Agha بتاجوراء confirms that the power outage is not calling for demonstrations against the legitimacy of the state, especially that of Muslims in the chest Islam did not know the power and spread the Islamic religion without electricity, no means of communication Satanic Kalves Facebook, for example!!!
The Ministry of Electricity and found the right solution and the final resolve all problems citizens religion Ieno of the power outages and breakfast in the dark and bright provide them with a spoon!
The Ministry of Electricity interested citizen comfort!:
Libya .. Deficit in the production of electric power exceeds 500 MW
The Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy said on Friday that the reasons for the frequent power outages and growing is to continue to “sit-ins” in the oil port of Zueitina ..
The Director of the Information Office of the Ministry “and Sam Ben Shaaban,” that the amount of the deficit in electricity production in excess of 500 MW which led to the company went to the separation of electricity frequently ..
And “Bin Shaban” due to lack of gas supply to power plants decreased from 315 million cubic feet to 140 million cubic feet ..
He predicted that the growing deficit in the production of electricity in the next two days to 1,000 MW.
This is worth mentioning that the Ministry of Electricity had announced on June 30 last year its intention to provide an additional 250 megawatts of General Electric Network before the start of the holy month of Ramadan for Alfornaj stations, سمنو and Zliten in addition to the five station ..
Rixos year’s conference and the Government by rail “Duds” I do not know how, but lying and laughing on the Libyans from الواهمون Dreamers myth of “goodness Jay” ..!!
DERNA / THE TUBER:
Khobar – dirt –
Explosion rocks city of Derna, this morning without human casualties, and
Little damage at the entrance to the city.
Threatening letters arrived for 18 women from tuber we previously cadres of the Revolutionary Committees active in the tuber.
It was frequently said that a threat for 18 messages a woman most of them older women too old,
and stated in the letter that they will يقدمن as “sacrifices” before the end of Ramadan !
U.S. Marines arrive in Tripoli to protect their embassy | | (HAH HAH, really? DAMN LIARS!)
According to press sources, that U.S. Marines arrived in the Libyan capital Tripoli to replace the naval forces that provide backup protection for the U.S. embassy compound in Tripoli.
The Marines are part of the backup band, which was established in 2011 and currently resides in U.S. base Psonguila the Italy.
The commander Gen. Amos C band that this band sent to Libya to reinforce security at the embassy after escalated tensions and unrest in Libya over the past month.
Amos said about 87 was sent to the embassy in Tripoli element last June 16, where Amos C appears in the picture speaks with band members at the U.S. embassy in Tripoli.
Article link in English:
Commandant Gen. Jim Amos, visits the U.S. embassy compound in Tripoli, Libya, on June 16. He is speaking with a member of 4th Force Reconnaissance Company. (Photo by Sgt. Mallory S. VanderSchans/ Marine Corps)
The Marine Corps has reached a transition point in Libya, replacing reserve Marines who had protecting the U.S. embassy compound in the capital city of Tripoli with active-duty forces from Camp Lejeune, N.C., officials said.
The reserve Marines were with Special Purpose Marine Air Ground Task Force-Africa, a unit established in 2011 primarily to train friendly military forces in the region. Its home base is Naval Air Station Sigonella, Italy.
The last iteration of SPMAGTF-Africa deployed in January, and send a reinforced platoon to protect the embassy, the unit’s commander, Lt. Col. Daniel Whisnant, told Marine Corps Times in March. The Marines at the embassy were known as Task Force Tripoli.
The Marines in SPMAGTF-Africa redeployed to the U.S. recently, and the follow-on mission will not have the same mission. Instead, Marines from II Marine Expeditionary Force, out of Camp Lejeune, N.C., will protect the embassy and “continue to provide interim security for U.S. government personnel and assets under the director of Marine Corps Forces Africa, U.S. Africa Command and in coordination with the U.S. Department of State,” said 2nd Lt. Tatiana Zappardino, a spokeswoman for the latest iteration of SPMAGTF-Africa.
SPMAGTF-Africa will continue to advise and train with African militaries that have friendly relations with the U.S. It has teams deploying this month to Uganda and Burundi, nations in which Marines have deployed repeatedly in recent years to train African troops.
Marines from the Corps’ new crisis-response force were sent to Libya last month to reinforce the embassy, as unrest their mounted, Commandant Gen. Jim Amos told reporters late last month at a breakfast meeting in Washington. Amos said about 87 Marines were sent there for the mission, and visited the facility on June 16 as part of a tour of U.S. installations abroad.
The 550-Marine crisis-response force deployed in April, and is now split between Morón Air Base in Spain and Naval Air Station Sigonella in Italy, putting elements of it as close to northern Africa as possible without being on the ground there.
The force initially was put in Spain, but staged in Sigonella in May when the security situation in Libya took a turn for the worst. Amos said when he visited the force in June, it was on an alert status in which they had to be wheels up to respond to any crisis within six hours. The force also have been on an even more heightened alert status in which they would have to leave within an hour if necessary, the commandant said.
رابط الخبر باللغة الإنجليزية : http://blogs.militarytimes.com/battle-rattle/2013/07/12/u-s-marines-reach-transition-point-in-libya-mission/
URGENT / / Defense in the Interim Jalal Aldgala and Fawzi stepped Bo,
Tripoli is obtained on behalf of the corrupted files with compelling evidence of involvement
In the sale camps territory for the Libyan state in the Middle, and others in the sale
Military equipment from the Libyan national arms manufacturing project
Military Tripoli to develop to 5 foreign countries with the consent of Jalal Aldgala,
And Execution Fawzi Bo stepped up, and punishment for the crime to death.
And when they are called refuse Jalal Aldgala the request to attend the investigation of the prosecution
He said that the members of the transitional and constitutional law of the Transitional Council does not
Allows the prosecution of anyone of the members, and this issue slur
For the sacrifices we have made, though Fawzi Bo stepped involved had been sent to him in
Ogunma to investigate him, I have a special hairpin outside Libya does not brook
Urgent 3 hours ago from now targeting the headquarters of the security committee Saleem “Gneoh” Bakadf Larbi AG.
Shootings and bombings Bsearhjerz Ayman civil battalion commander civil minutes after leaving her
morning next to his residence in the Omar al-Mukhtar Street ..
Western Mountain News …
A failed attempt to assassinate the Civil Ayman Mohammed’s brother ordered the banner of civil civil by one of the criminals outlaws, where Annfjrt the morning, a bomb Ayman car after leaving the civil her minutes morning Bgeor the residence.
Palace bin Gasheer.
Voices weapons Tqilh, and heavy gunfire.
Local Council Qasr Bin Ghashir Council bin Ghashir.
Now clashes between battalion of rebels Janzour and mobile power west of Tripoli, a group of Gado,
and talk about the presence of injuries, and talk about the attempts to storm the headquarters near the bridge 17.
Janzour :: armed clash between the moving force “textiles” and some of the region’s youth
just before the ears of Morocco and reported no injuries.
News from occupied Libyan Jamahiriya
New clashes in Tripoli
Armed clashes between gang “Shield of Libya” (include foreign mercenaries and criminals of Misrata city) and the citizens of Janzour suburb of Tripoli. Clashes were near Bridge 17, during clashes was injured one of the citizens. The road near 17 Bridge was locked by citizens of Janzour.
Suburb Janzour is situated in west side of Tripoli
Reason of this clash is unknown, but we can that citizens of Janzour tried to move out criminal gang from Misrata. Gangs from this city belongs to most cruel armed gangs of present puppet regime.
Quoting / / battalion Knights Janzour
Peace be upon you and God’s mercy and blessings:
About what happened the day of the unfortunate events and the injury of our colleague and our brother Mohammed Bzaa and his brother Jalal Bzaa.
Problem since the events began yesterday between the two and some members of the national power animation, where the altercation took place among them were terminated topic later in the cavalry battalion headquarters.
But the day before the azan Morocco Mohammed Bzaa exposure to the attack of the same group and took him inside the headquarters of the force .. Immediately after the arrival of the news wise intervention to break up this quarrel. Turn Jalal brother Mohamed power mobile headquarters and exits had been shooting near the main gate.
The injured were ambulance and Jalal left the hospital, and Mohammed is still under process with a foot injury. Currently, Gary equipped to take him flying ambulance for treatment abroad.
The aggressors have surrendered and will be investigated and brought to on behalf of the military.
Here, we emphasize on the role of the mind in resolving such issues, which do not solve the closure of roads and indiscriminate firing causing panic in the population in the region.
Who opened fire on the two turned themselves in and hope everyone Zbt restraint and patience and the direction of the law.
God save Libya from all evil.
The Western Mountain News Agency
Since few votes for 14.5 victory District area (Airport Road) and that one of the parties clash is one of the Misrata Brigades (called battalion Doha).
Gharghour area outside the scope of the government in Tripoli Zaidane and the National Congress.
He was attacked by one of the militias, which occupies the area Gharghour Tripoli and calling itself the battalion Doha victory District adjacent beards Gharghour all kinds of heavy and light weapons did not see any reaction from the government about this incident and other abuses other issue of these militias.
Word now …Tawergha
Abdul Rahman Asswehly channel Odessa | |
Multi return of the people of Tawergha the talk is over and we have agreed with the Turkish company to build two major cities them.
One of them will be west of Benghazi and the other near the Gallo so as to contain all the people of Tawergha.
Nowhere of ousted by us and can not Nsamham.
The proposed building (settlements) has obtained satisfaction and acceptance of the majority of Libyans.
Hahahahaha eat rats in some :::
Said Ibrahim blasted concerning Abdel Rahman Asswehly ::::
Confirmed that actually Mr. Abdul Rahman Asswehly has lost his mind, unfortunately, may I received the news from the source uncertain and close to the family as it tries to his family presented to the psychiatrist outside Libya where opposes Mr. Abdul Rahman orientation Alley clinic psychiatric private and deny that he patient where he his condition worsens at night and fall ill scream The madness does not calm down, but the psychological acupressure and tranquilizers which always accompanied ….
Which produces cities such as Izz al-Din Aqeel and Abdul Rahman Asswehly, such cities are not suitable to lead the country.
المدن التي تنتج مثل عز الدين عقيل وعبد الرحمن السويحلي، مثل هذه المدن لا تصلح لقيادة البلاد
Back Galaa Hospital in Benghazi as of Saturday morning, after an agreement with the joint security room Benghazi hospital insurance.
I apologize for the ugliness images
But I, and I wanted to tell you that these images in the Rulrhh city of Benghazi where he was burned eleven dog (the sight of God) in the first day of the month of Ramadan, the strange thing is that he had to death with a bullet in the head and then he Ptbahm and burned just because they مزعجون.
My fingers I was ashamed when I wrote that story because I know that Libya’s human and animal have become the same the price just dinars .. The price of the bullet .. I no longer know you call Humane Law or human
While Muslim right does not need my law to deter him from such a super injustice against these poor beings المغلوبة on her praise to God for the blessing of religion.
A security source reveals the start of the spread of nearly 120 members of the military police in the vicinity of the airport built
A security source revealed from the city of Benghazi, the start of the spread of nearly 120 members of the military police in the vicinity of the Benina International Airport for the purpose of enhancing the protection and establish security in the surroundings. The same source, who preferred anonymity for “news agency solidarity” to plan the security deployment referred to came after discussions and consultations have been evacuated hold an emergency meeting first Thursday included members of the Benghazi local Chamber of common security to protect Benghazi and management of airport built international management Passports and Nationality branch Benghazi, which agreed on the need to develop a security plan to control the court security and service conditions inside the airport.
The airport built international moans like other major airports in the country’s fragile security situation and service despite repeated promises from the Ministry of Communications and Transport interim government regarding cooperation with the Ministry of the Interior to control the situation in the ports Jamahiriya, which include airports.
Hospitals continue to suffer in the absence of security
Urgent – A number of nurses Hawari harassed in Benghazi.
The arrest of the kidnappers of citizen Baknfodh
Atmosphere of the country –
Said a spokesman for the joint operations room in Benghazi Mohammad Hijazi, said that members of the military police arrested on Thursday three people kidnapped a citizen.
Hijazi noted that the kidnapped man was found handcuffed and the two men in the car and on the bag neck knife effects.
Hijazi added to the atmosphere of the country, had been arrested on the kidnappers in area Qnfodh during normal periodic inspection, and to bring them to the military prosecution.
From their pages ::::: Benghazi ::: :::: whale Market Square before the ears of guerrilla Morocco
FB VIDEO 02:30
War Mich. Aom in the Swoouk whale Benghazi formal front
War Mich. Aom in the Swoouk whale Benghazi Front official!!! ^ ^
War Mich. Aom in the Swoouk whale Benghazi formal front
War Mich. Aom in the Swoouk whale Benghazi Front official!!! ^ ^
Zliten yesterday night ….
Electricity separated the entire city at around Altanih and a half at night and during the separation of electricity the plane from the high altitude of Erie, but a flash in the dark without hearing her voice captures several images of the city of Jeht sea and land as well as market area Allata and Friday market Bzletn continued to flash photography spotty for half about an hour.
Zliten suffer force thefts …
Today the third day of the holy month of Ramadan and during the afternoon is shot at a car type Hyundai to Azera Model 2012 citizen is Akhaddha him by force of arms, Blams deliberation of Ramadan is stolen car type Toyota Double” Double Cabin” during the afternoon prayer and the owner does prayer times in the mosque in broad daylight, pharmacy are armed robbery on its owner in broad daylight and discernible amount of it nearly a thousand dinars, a man shall deliver the amount in front of a shop owner of the shop when he goes Adkhalo the owner of the shop and I quote you اخدت money Ambchri Achou and Rinacc Hat 200 dinars Nbohem or Rusk .
Robberies in broad daylight and the threat of arms in the month of fasting and before Payam has become a phenomenon and discussed at all meetings of the citizens of the city of Zliten.
God save the Liberals and God Save the Arzak the people wherever Kano.
Follow February say they Semiconductor rebels and some of them say they must gang arrested Some Alsadj say they are ousted? Ousted and they have a weapon and Mdayrin Maipú adapt Aafberaar became cursed Yasser lying and you from the first day in your life, and you lie a lie.
But Abako Ezaan for providing security to the people of the city as عودونا.
اليوم اليوم الثالث من شهر رمضان المبارك واثناء وقت العصر يتم اطلاق النار على سيارة نوع هونداي لازيرا موديل 2012 لمواطن ويتم اخدها منه بقوة السلاح , بلامس التاني من رمضان يتم سرقة سيارة نوع تيوتا مزدوجه ’’ دبل كابينه ’’ اثناء صلاة العصر وصاحبها يقوم بصلاة العصر في المسجد وفي وضح النهار , صيدلية يتم السطو المسلح على صاحبها في وضح النهار واخد مبلغ منه يقارب الالف دينار , رجل يقوم بتسليم مبلغ امام محل لصاحب المحل عندما يذهب يدخلو على صاحب المحل وبالحرف الواحد انت اخدت فلوس امبكري اشويه وريناك هات 200 دينار نبوهم او راسك .
السرقات في وضح النهار وبتهديد السلاح وفي شهر الصيام وقبله بايام اصبحت ظاهره ومحل نقاش جميع جلسات مواطنين مدينة زليتن .
حفظ الله الاحرار وحفظ الله ارزاق الناس اينما كانو .
اتباع فبراير يقولون انهم اشباه ثوار وبعضهم يقول انهم عصابه يجب القاء القبض عليهم والبعض السادج يقول انهم ازلام ؟ ازلام وعندهم سلاح ومدايرين مايبو تكيف صار يافبراير الملعونه ياسر من الكذب وانتم من اول يوم في حياتكم وانتم كذب كذب .
ولكنهم يبقو عازيين عن توفير الامن لاهل المدينة كما عودونا .
Hanan Nobar, .. Libyan lawyer threatened
Radio Netherlands Worldwide ... “I do not live a normal life, I do not feel belonging to a patriot after what happened to me,” so reduced lawyer Libyan Hanan Mustafa Nobar unchanged after which involved a fourth day of June this year, explaining: “I have lost a sense of security, violating my freedom of practice of the profession, تجاهلني Libyan media and only بالتفرج of attended اقعتي, Any sense of protection left me while become the oppressor fist force? “.
Foreign mother and father of Libby
Hanan Mustafa Nobar, practiced law for 16 years and is bound under the banner of international organizations concerned with children’s rights in particular and human rights in general. , One of the founders of the Association “Child rights advocates Libya” in Benghazi, headed by her father, and the Society branch in Tripoli now too.
تترافع Nobar almost six years ago in cases involving child abduction dual nationality, who are the children of a Libyan father and a foreign mother. The personal status law of Libyan laws more equitable in the Arab world, as evidenced by Nobar so. Libyan law gives foreign mother Libyan custody of her son if she remained in Libya did not neutralize the child from his father’s religion.
This kind of issues that specialized Nobar the successful bid for many problems, and even physically attacked and threatened repeatedly, morally and verbally and physically. “There is a cultural clash, people do not accept to be the mother of foreign rights in Libya, and the ideological fanaticism plays a role, too, to the extent that foreign mother remains unacceptable even if they converted to Islam after,” illustrate Nobar.
Mothers Escandnaveat and Libyan parents
Libyan majority of mothers of children of foreign Scandinavian region, specifically from Sweden and Norway. The two countries opened the ERISA in the past أبوابهما the period of the Libyan Youth works out great facilities. In that period occurred multiple mixed marriages resulted in children. But what happened after that, “and as soon as they get the father Libyan citizenship, because his children without their mother to Libya,” says Nobar, which dealt with a huge number of this type of case, and now has her office 15 other cases, except those which are awaiting consideration.
Of those pending issues, the issue of a Swedish mother, the courts have ruled in Sweden and Libya custody complete and partial, but there are omissions implementation so far. “Libyan judicial system is disabled in Libya. If the judge feels fear and horror, and if the record can not deliver ads to opponents, and if the prosecutor daily under threat, and if it hits the lawyer, how for a device to work?
Incident, and the incident?
“Has become in the area are afraid of everyone,” says Nobar, “and therefore there was a media blackout” and he did not take any official any position of any kind, including the Attorney General and the Bar Association made her Nobar complaint in Tripoli and Benghazi.
Once What received Nobar the issue – the issue of a European or demanding the right to custody of her son – the restriction of the case and determine the session, and informed deducted Misurata resident on the session. Contact discount Bnobar after Link author, and threatened her, saying: “If you continue in the suit, it would be that day, the last day of your life. Shall not be lifted in Libya this kind of issues and in particular against a person from Misratah in particular,” This is what Tgah Nobar continue: ” and threatened verbally abusive and called my father and told him the same threat. ”
And sacrificed Nobar of the father Masrati they do not want to take him to his son that the European or child that was his wife for seven years, is ready to stay in Libya with her son and their right to visit. And showed him through his lawyer that I do not mind at reconciliation with the consent of the parties.
And lists Nobar that the day of the hearing, she attended her client and a witness and her father a translator.
After the session, Nobar entered her car near the door of the court. Open have deducted the door and asked her to come down. When her father saw it, rushed to them and asked the opponent to leave his daughter, what was it, but be slapped times. He then attended just two other companions and accidental father of electricity in the neck and he fell on the ground.
Astagatt Nobar people, police and judicial court. But the disappointment major, says: “The people gathered around watching. Was a sight I can not find him an explanation. Did not know what hit society.’re Staring at my father lying on the ground as they Ervssouna with their feet and walking on it with their boots and blood coming from his nose and injuries to his face and his body bleeding. And re- shock with electricity every time. approached him and tried to drag me, Falakmona and Osagtona ground. said one of the standing spectators and I scream and seek help: “at least cover your hair, O woman,” I told him: “Did يستفزك view of a man beaten and tortured and bleeding and Astvzak my hair? You need to cover your head because you lack chivalry. ”
They put her father’s car and drove him to an unknown location. هرولت Nobar to court and complained to the judge said to her: “I can not do anything.”
Says Nobar adding: “I spent an hour the court exhausted on the seat. Passes colleagues me and members of the prosecution and the people who are there, staring at me and spend without to direct me one word. Hour later I received one of the judicial police, and said to me, will some of the local council of Misratah., And came and طمأنوني They would re me and my father. After three hours brought him back. was in very poor condition. Odajh scorched and neck also appointed destructive approx. Ktefoa his hands and feet and put him on his stomach to the ground and they trample it with a strong message, to lock the Assembly and stop the practice of voluntary work and Commending his daughter to adopt this kind of issues. otherwise .. the next step is to murder they are able to. ” The Nobar emphasizes that have not been arrested four people who تهجموا her and her father, although the military police in Misratah knew their place and her father received them.
“We can not continue life so,” says Nobar, “humiliated publicly in front of spectators, and the people in your community do not stand or restitution have in front of injustice, and the competent authorities fail to take any action, including the Attorney General or the Bar Association., But that the Attorney General Tripoli refused to meet with me despite the fact that my file was on his desk. ”
The judgment in that case them, it was not fair, says Nobar. The government tends to regional rather than to fairness and justice.
حنان مصطفى نويصري، تمارس المحاماة منذ 16 سنة ومنضمة تحت لواء منظمات دولية تهتم بحقوق الأطفال خصوصاً وحقوق الانسان بشكل عام. وهي من مؤسسي جمعية “أنصار حقوق الطفل الليبي” في بنغازي التي يترأسها والدها، وللجمعية فرع في طرابلس الآن أيضاً.
تترافع نويصري منذ ست سنوات تقريباً في القضايا المتعلقة باختطاف الأطفال المزدوجي الجنسية، وهم أطفال من أب ليبي وأم أجنبية. يعتبر قانون الأحوال الشخصية الليبي من أكثر القوانين إنصافا في العالم العربي، كما تشهد نويصري بذلك. القانون الليبي يمنح الأم الأجنبية حق حضانة ابنها الليبي إن هي بقيت في ليبيا ولم تقم بتحييد الطفل عن دين والده.
وهذا النوع من القضايا التي تخصصت فيها نويصري بنجاح، عرّضها لمشاكل كثيرة، بل وللتهديد والاعتداء مرات متكررة، معنوياً ولفظياً وجسدياً. “هناك صدام ثقافي، فالناس لا يقبلون أن تكون للأم الأجنبية حقوق داخل ليبيا، كما أن التعصب العقائدي يلعب دوراً ايضاً، لدرجة أن الأم الأجنبية تظل مرفوضة حتى وإن أسلمت بعد”، توضح نويصري.أمهات اسكندنافيات وآباء ليبيون
أغلبية أمهات أطفال الليبيين الأجنبيات من المنطقة الإسكندنافية، وتحديداً من السويد والنرويج. فتحت هتان الدولتان في الماضي أبوابهما فترة للشباب الليبي ليعمل بها بتسهيلات كبيرة. في تلك الفترة حدثت زيجات مختلطة متعددة ونتج عنها أطفال. ولكن ما حدث بعد ذلك أنه “وبمجرد ما يحصل الأب الليبي على الجنسية، يعود بأطفاله دون أمهم إلى ليبيا”، تقول نويصري، التي عالجت عدداً هائلاً من هذا النوع من القضايا، ولديها الآن بمكتبها 15 قضية أخرى، غير تلك التي تنتظر النظر فيها.
من تلك القضايا التي تنتظر، قضية أم سويدية، حكمت لها المحاكم في السويد وليبيا بالحضانة الكاملة والجزئية ، ولكن هناك امتناع عن التنفيذ لحد الآن. “القضاء الليبي جهاز معطل في ليبيا. إذا كان القاضي يشعر بالخوف والرعب وإذا كان المحضر لا يستطيع إيصال الإعلانات للخصوم، وإذا كان وكيل النيابة يتعرض يوميا للتهديد، وإذا كان المحامي يضرب، فكيف للجهاز أن يشتغل؟الواقعة، ما والواقعة؟
“الواقعة صارت في منطقة يخاف منها الجميع”، تقول نويصري، “ولذلك ساد التعتيم الإعلامي “كما أنه لم تتخذ أي جهة رسمية أي موقف من أي نوع، بما في ذلك النائب العام ونقابة المحامين التي تقدمت لها نويصري بشكوى في طرابلس وفي بنغازي.
بمجرد ما استلمت نويصري القضية – قضية أم أوروبية تطالب بحقها في حضانة ابنها- قامت بتقييد الدعوى وتحديد جلسة، وأبلغت خصمها المقيم بمصراته بتاريخ الجلسة. اتصل الخصم بنويصري بعد أن وصله البلاغ، وهددها قائلا: ” إذا استمررت في الدعوى، فسيكون ذاك اليوم آخر يوم في حياتك. ولا يجوز أن يرفع في ليبيا هذا النوع من القضايا وبالخصوص ضد شخص من مصراته تحديدا”، هذا ما تحكيه نويصري مواصلة: “وهددني بألفاظ نابية واتصل بوالدي وابلغه نفس التهديد”.
وضحت نويصري للأب المصراتي أنها لا تريد أن تأخذ منه ابنه وأن أم طفله الأوروبية التي كانت زوجته لسبع سنوات، مستعدة للإقامة في ليبيا مع ابنها ومن حقها الزيارة. وبينت له عبر محاميه أن لا مانع في المصالحة برضا الطرفين.وتسرد نويصري أنه يوم الجلسة، حضرت موكلتها وأحد الشهود ووالدها كمترجم.
بعد الجلسة، دخلت نويصري بسيارتها بالقرب باب المحكمة. فتح لها خصمها الباب وطلب منها أن تنزل. حين رأى والدها ذلك، هرع اليهما وطلب من الخصم أن يترك ابنته، فما كان منه إلا أن صفعه مرات. ثم حضر للتو اثنان آخران من رفاقه وصعقا والدها بالكهرباء في عنقه فسقط على الأرض.
استغاثت نويصري بالناس وبالشرطة القضائية بالمحكمة. ولكن ولخيبة أملها الكبرى، تقول: “وتجمع الناس حولنا يتفرجون. كان منظرا لا اجد له تفسيرا. لا أعرف ماذا أصاب المجتمع. كنت أحدق في أبي مطروحا على الأرض وهم يرفسونه بأقدامهم ويسيرون فوقه بأحذيتهم والدم يسيل من أنفه وإصابات في وجهه وجسده ينزف .ويعيدون صعقه بالكهرباء كل مرة. اقتربت منه وحاولت أن أسحبه معي، فلكموني وأسقطوني أرضاً. قال واحد من الوقوف المتفرجين وأنا اصرخ وأستغيث: “على الأقل غطي شعرك يا امرأة” قلت له: “ألم يستفزك منظر رجل يضرب ويعذب وينزف دما واستفزك شعري؟ أنت من تحتاج لتغطية رأسك لأنه تنقصك النخوة”.وضعوا والدها بالسيارة وانطلقوا به إلى مكان مجهول. هرولت نويصري إلى المحكمة واشتكت للقاضي فقال لها: “لا أستطيع أن أفعل شيئاً”.
تقول نويصري مضيفة: “أمضيت ساعة بالمحكمة منهكة على مقعد. يمر زملائي بي وأعضاء النيابة والناس الموجودين هناك، يحدقون بي ويمضون دون أن يوجهوا لي كلمة واحدة. بعد ساعة جاءني واحد من الشرطة القضائية، وقال لي سيصل بعضهم من المجلس المحلي من مصراته. وجاءوا وطمأنوني وقالوا سيعيدون لي والدي. وبعد مرور ثلاث ساعات أعادوه. وكان في حالة سيئة جدا. أوداجه محروقة وعنقه أيضاَ وعينه متلفة تقريبا . كتفوا يديه ورجليه ووضعوه على بطنه أرضاً وكانوا يدوسون عليه مع رسالة شديدة اللهجة، أن يقفل الجمعية ويتوقف عن ممارسة العمل التطوعي وأن يثني ابنته على تبني هذا النوع من القضايا. وإلا.. فالخطوة المقبلة هي القتل وهم قادرون عليه”. وتؤكد نويصري أنه لم يتم القبض على الأشخاص الأربعة الذين تهجموا عليها وعلى والدها رغم أن الشرطة العسكرية في مصراته عرفت مكانهم واستلمت والدها منهم.لا وطن لي
“لا يمكن ان تستمر الحياة هكذا”، تقول نويصري، “أهنت على الملأ أمام متفرجين، والناس في مجتمعك لا موقف أو رد لديها أمام الظلم، والجهات المختصة تعجز عن اتخاذ أي اجراء بما فيها النائب العام او نقابة المحامين. بل ان النائب العام في طرابلس رفض مقابلتي بالرغم من ان ملفي كان على مكتبه”.
أما الحكم في تلك القضية إياها، فلم يكن منصفاً، تقول نويصري. وكان الحكم يميل للجهوية أكثر منه إلى الإنصاف والعدالة.بنت الواديZIONISTS & ‘MUSLIM’ BROTHERHOOD HAND-IN-HAND in LIBYA and particularly in MISURATA:Nasser El Hawary head of the Movement refused to criticize Jews Misratah and describe them:Brotherhood octopus Misurati .. Deep stateOctopus ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood-controlled Misurati on Libya in the sense explained, the deep state today in Libya is made up of brothers and Misurati and nobody يقولى I hate them because all evidence, ÔćÝćÇ the all departments find where either Misurati or brothers or Misurati Mtakhoun .. ÔćÝćÇ her sweet snapshot simple example:Center support civil society organizations based in Benghazi was President Director of the Center Dr. / halo Atrash, submitted her resignation from Elly took over after the administration, Mohamed Zoubih and Benghazi branch manager Khalid Mahgoub.Ojuna and Misurata the state nor waging think O, O lying learners.
If Mesh sure Lets Ndjemawa the names the Brotherhood Almusratih leaders and just Tarafo the major catastrophe.
‘Muslim’ Brotherhood committees unreality and criminal deeds against the citizens in the month of Ramadan.
In the first night the beginning of forgiveness and repentance and return to God the gang so-called Committee of the security ° Information Section Pegrean abducting a simple citizen named Ramadan Faitouri is at work Ed actuation alternate legion night blocked the valley Gan did not discover his command, but the next day at noon and found his shabby and his phone and his keys and blanket On the first day of fasting and people pray and swim with the people kidnapped Abhton in place …
in the mountains and in the water for fear of hindsight water drowning without being notified by a gang kidnapping and after research and investigation it turns out that Mantaf have the Madkorh which did not allow even visit him and have begun in the fabrication Ready charge that he was a volunteer and stand at the gates? But because the Lord is right elevates and Ayala him and لسؤ Jzam and God reveals the likes of Hola, human فهدا innocent of all these charges and the testimony of the people of Gharyan themselves
Sad thing is that after the search to elucidate it became apparent truth and kidnapping a reason that one associate to this topic the Commission in an earlier period of stealing a car from the site of the dam project Gann Valley
and has prosecuted and reporting it and holding it and Ida knew why wonder hero? Note should be noted about the first dealing with the citizens is a decent enough that people hostage until suhoor be addressed in the way Ed are given appointments to come and visit and vice versa only to find treatment Ghabr to decent.
Secondly enough to charge them, there are eight minutes against status Gharyan and this is enough? Worse that Mbrarham was that they did not do their kidnapping but kidnapped citizens they Astlmoh them??? Gahl is a security committee or dump robberies and kidnappings? At least inform his family?
Gharyan Hospital Strike (4 photos)
Sit Gharyan ———————————–
Hospital on Monday on 872 013 p attack became the hospital because of a young man Mitt whacked in the head by a bullet, was the attack on the ambulance by force of arms and was also the attack on the care room and the door was cracking and the work of the chaos inside the hospital, which led to the absence of hospital staff
Sirte – District No. 2
A fire broke out in the morning Shop sons salami, for building materials corresponding to Bank of Commerce and Development District No. 2 b b Sirte.
Fire Day for sons salami shops Building Materials for Trade and Development Bank
SOUTH LIBYA / KUFRA:
Military Council infidels: avoided firing on the kidnappers, fearing for the lives of hostages.
Chairman of the Military Council said in Kufra Suleiman Hamed, today, that the strength of the military council came out of the city, recently, and I joined the force the Sarah and Owaynat regions and headed west towards a group of kidnappers that abducted five sheep traders.
He explained Hamed for “solidarity news agency that” during the hunt them down for this group show that the armed kidnappers from the Brady area 150 kilometers away from the infidels.
He pointed out that there had been an exchange of fire between the two sides during track them down, but the infidel forces stopped shooting immediately, fearing for the lives of hostages.
And noted that the hostages are still under the command of the kidnappers without any information about them.
It is noteworthy that two of the kidnapped carrying Libyan nationality, while the other three carries Sudanese nationality.
Sabha Times …
A mountain of gold .. Mess by prospectors hands and their machines
Mountain range Owaynat on the Libyan-Egyptian-Sudanese border,
which includes within them a wealth of raw gold, become a magnet for prospector
who denies their presence official sources.
A mountain of gold .. Mess by prospectors hands and their machines
Mountain range Owaynat on the Libyan-Egyptian-Sudanese border, which includes within them a wealth of raw gold, become a magnet for prospector who denies their presence official sources.
5/7/2013 | Tripoli
Was unable dealer gold Haj Saleh Zeid of buying a piece of gold ore, offering a Sudanese man entered his shop one day, despite the presence of large sum of money with a safe place, so his inability to estimate it, Valqtah rare and raw gold, which had not been subjected to any process of re-industrialization.
Puzzled Haj Saleh made no secret of the seller, who responded to questioning about the source of this wealth, saying, “I have brought from the mountains Owaynat”, a mountain range located in the border area between Libya, Sudan and Egypt a height of 1934 meters, and represents the boundary between the three countries in that region .
The Sudanese men it is the first time that tries to sell gold in the city of Sabha – in the south-west of Libya, where Haj Saleh shop – but accustomed to marketing his goods inside Sudan.
When he met the site “Reporters” Zeid was upset for the loss of this piece of pure gold, to start after the process of our search for more information from the scene, and the destination is the city of Kufra (in the south-east of Libya) at which point manned closest (350 km north-east of the excavation site) .
It was not a stranger to the city’s population, he stressed many Tiguenhm the presence of gold metal area mountains Owaynat, which is 60% of which are inside the Libyan border, but apprehensive based process to extract gold from the spare source of income was a barrier to providing us with images of prospector’s there.
Yasser cabled said he is in the process Find detector for gold which operates technology (GPS) – a system of Global Positioning – which is used by most of the prospectors, in preparation to go to Mount Owaynat exploration with a common set of Libya and Sudan had agreed with them before the revolution and now embark on the implementation of their agreement.
Attached cabled “gold detectors began inside the country and are available at reasonable prices.”
A fatal blow
As Saleh Sharif has reportedly Before talking about the subject, because he sees that raised through the media would be a “fatal blow” for him and cut BRJ brings him money and Vera, he says, he believes that the publication of a picture of him during a drill capable of the involvement in the prison.
Sharif, who was preparing to leave the infidels on his way to the mountain pregnant intake and the needs of the partners who left behind him work, he said, for “Reporters” after he reassured not to امتلاكنا pictures of the site or of persons “امتهنت this craft two years ago, and we are going stealthily to the excavation sites away from the eyes of the authorities regulators, the region in which we dig located inside Libyan territory and not Sudanese, while sales are in Sudan, there is no market for this type of gold inside Libya. ”
Sharif words This confirms what he talked about Haj Saleh Zeid about his inability to estimate the value of a piece of gold, which has not seen the likes of before he works his longevity in this profession.
Even Salah Bu slave commander secret infidels hawks, said the “Reporters” that he personally was thinking of engaging in this work before the revolution, but concern the liberalization of the country and carrying out security responsibilities after editing to make it dismissed about it.
Bo slave considered it very serious and evolving rapidly lost “began drilling operations by a group of Sudanese who crossed the border and entered the territory of Libya”, but today – he says – turned to the pool mortal great sons of the two countries, and rose from the dug water wells and create a market for the provision of what they need from vegetables and foodstuffs, fuel and spare parts for their machines.
It is considered that this site would be an excellent location for illegal immigrants, who will be able thanks to him from getting what they need from the plasmon and fuel while crossing the Libyan desert, all the way to the nearest point on the Libyan coast.
It also does not lose sight of what it might have problems in the future with the state of Sudan, which is probably ignore Libya to penetrate its borders vulnerable encourages them to be considered within the Sudanese border region, as he put it.
Tens of kilograms
And methods of exploration خبرها Salah well when he planned to abuse this profession speaks for “Reporters,” “begun Sudanese prospecting for gold metal specifically in a valley located in Sudan and the so-called Valley of rehab, which, according to Salah existing area Hamra northwest Sudan is about 150 kilometers from the border Libyan.
Because the gold in the ground is a sequential veins, the track excavators metal with time until they reached the top spot can be extracted from it the largest quantities, a mountain located inside Libyan territory and it is called (CSU Mount). ”
According to Bo slave, the prospectors Athsalon amounts estimated at tens of kilograms of this mountain, thanks to the development of research techniques that went beyond the means of drilling machines hand to reach to engage with heavy, says that “there are more than 64 bulldozer working place,” and asserts, “I saw with my own eyes once piece Gold weighs eleven kilograms when a Sudanese. ”
And permits companies
And even goes so far as when he says that there are groups use companies Chinese and Turkish in the search, and that it met for the development of more with the increasing number of prospectors and the spread of the camps, especially since prospectors Sudanese have permits from the Sudanese state to explore for gold, have been allocated to them a bank in the city of Dongola to sell their wares. Bo described by the slave, saying “very prospectors peaceful nature, they do not Evtalon any problems, nor are they only get gold.”
Bo slave recognizes its responsibility as a matter of one of Saraya charged with protecting the city from the fight against this phenomenon, which is well aware of its dimensions, but justify failing to take it or responsible parties in the city any conduct of military weakness of their potential, and the absence of any cover from the state of what might they do the movements.
Salah says, “our resources do not allow us to secure the city and the border area at the same time, so we see it is the responsibility of the State – represented by a border guard – not our responsibility.”
Skepticism and fear
For his part, questioned the Director, Office of Information Security of the Local Council of the city of Kufra, Ali Bu slave to be excavators digging in Libyan territory, said in a speech for “Reporters,” “Who the border areas did not enter the dirt-Libi, although found understanding in Sudanese territory, then the desert Sprawling make it difficult to determine the location Is it in the Sudanese Libyan territory or only by Thuraya. ”
However, the director of the office via the “Reporters” concern about the topic for the media output, and fear of the “out of the population to explore in Mount Owaynat and the inability of the security authorities to control them,” and perhaps prompted him to deny the subject.
Denial of officials
After hearing all that we had to know the role of the Libyan state and its security forces to investigate the subject and control it if it is a violation of law or rule of the state, and in this context, spokesman for the Ministry of Defense just Barasi for “Reporters” they did not take any action towards the topic because it is located the responsibility of the Border Guard, which in turn denied any knowledge of the existence of such activity in the area.
Barasi revealed in the news talking about are traded in the Prime Minister about the possibility of an agreement between Sudan and Egypt and Libya in the field of exploration and extraction of minerals from the area Mount Owaynat.
But the Minister of the Libyan economy, Mustafa Bo Vas denied knowledge of the subject altogether through his statement for “Reporters,” “was not aware of the existence of prospector in the region in question, nor the possibility of holding a tripartite agreement to explore for gold or other,” referring to the possibility that the Minister Previous aware of this.
May be the official authorities denied the existence of this kind of activity in the south of the country based on accurate information, or based on the fear of chaos or the expansion of the Department of breakthroughs in this area.
But this denial does not change the fact that Sudan was able to export about 42 tonnes of gold in 2012, revenue amounted to about $ 2.7 billion, which contributed to raise the GDP by high rates. While the data indicate a report of World Gold Council that the reserves of Libya from gold ore of about 144 tons, into our second Africa and the fourth Arab and twenty-fourth globally, in the absence of any projects Organization, or are licensed by the state to extract this wealth and benefit from the national level.
سلسلة جبال العوينات على الحدود الليبية السودانية المصرية، والتي تضم في ثناياها ثروة من الذهب الخام، تصبح قبلة للمنقبين الذين تنفي المصادر الرسمية وجودهم.
5/7/2013 | طرابلس
لم يتمكن تاجر الذهب الحاج صالح الزيداني من شراء قطعة من الذهب الخام عرضها عليه رجل سوداني دخل محله ذات يوم، رغم وجود مبلغٍ ماليٍّ كبيرٍ بخزنة المحل، وذلك لعجزه عن تقدير ثمنها، فالقطعة نادرة ومن الذهب الخام الذي لم يخضع لأي عملية إعادة تصنيع.
حيرة الحاج صالح لم تخفَ على البائع، الذي أجاب على تساؤله عن مصدر هذه الثروة قائلاً “لقد جلبتها من جبال العوينات”، وهي سلسلة جبال تقع في منطقة الحدود بين ليبيا والسودان ومصر يبلغ ارتفاعها 1934 متراً، وتمثل الحد الفاصل بين الدول الثلاث في تلك المنطقة.
وأوضح الرجل السوداني أنها المرة الأولى التي يحاول فيها بيع الذهب في مدينة سبها – في الجنوب الغربي من ليبيا، وحيث محل الحاج صالح –، بل اعتاد تسويق بضاعته داخل السودان.
حين التقى موقع “مراسلون” الزيداني كان مستاءً لفقدانه هذه القطعة من الذهب الخالص، لتنطلق بعدها عملية بحثنا عن معلومات أكثر من عين المكان، وكانت الوجهة مدينة الكفرة (في الجنوب الشرقي من ليبيا) وهي النقطة المأهولة الأقرب (350 كم شمال شرق موقع التنقيب).
لم يكن الأمر غريباً على سكان المدينة، فقد أكد الكثيرون تيقنهم من وجود معدن الذهب بمنطقة جبال العوينات، والتي يقع 60% منها داخل الحدود الليبية، ولكن تخوف القائمين بعملية استخراج الذهب من قطع مصدر رزقهم كان العائق أمام تزويدنا بصور للمنقبين هناك.
ياسر الزوي قال إنه حالياً بصدد البحث عن جهاز الكشف عن الذهب الذي يعمل بتقنية (GPS)-وهو نظام تحديد الموقع العالمي- الذي يستخدمه أغلب المنقبين، وذلك استعداداً للتوجه إلى جبل العوينات للتنقيب مع مجموعة مشتركة من ليبيا والسودان كان قد اتفق معهم قبل قيام الثورة ويشرعون الآن في تنفيذ اتفاقهم.
يعلق الزوي “أجهزة الكشف عن الذهب بدأت تتوفر داخل البلاد وبأسعار مناسبة”.
أما صالح الشريف فقد تردد قبل الحديث عن الموضوع، لأنه يرى أن طرحه عبر وسائل الإعلام من شأنه أن يكون “ضربة قاتلة” بالنسبة له وقطع باب رزق يدر عليه مالاً وفيراً، بحسب قوله، كما يعتقد أن نشر صورة له أثناء الحفر كفيلة بالزج به في السجن.
الشريف الذي كان يستعد لمغادرة الكفرة متوجهاً إلى الجبل حاملاً الزاد واحتياجات شركائه الذين تركهم خلفه يعملون، قال لـ” مراسلون” بعد أن اطمئن على عدم امتلاكنا صوراً للموقع او للأشخاص “امتهنت هذه الحرفة منذ سنتين، ونحن نذهب خلسة إلى مواقع التنقيب بعيداً عن أعين الجهات الرقابية، فالمنطقة التي نحفر فيها تقع داخل الأراضي الليبية وليس السودانية، بينما البيع يتم في السودان، ليس هناك سوق لهذا النوع من الذهب داخل ليبيا”.
كلام الشريف هذا يؤكد ما تحدث عنه الحاج صالح الزيداني حول عجزه عن تقدير قيمة قطعة الذهب، التي لم ير مثلها من قبل وهو يعمل طول عمره بهذه المهنة.
حتى صلاح بو الرقيق آمر سرية صقور الكفرة، قال لـ” مراسلون” إنه شخصياً كان يفكر في الانخراط بهذا العمل قبل الثورة، ولكن انشغاله بتحرير البلاد واضطلاعه بمسؤوليات أمنية بعد التحرير جعله يصرف النظر عن ذلك.
بو الرقيق اعتبر الأمر خطيراً جداً ويتطور سريعاً فقد “بدأت عمليات التنقيب على يد مجموعة من السودانيين الذين اجتازوا الحدود ودخلوا الأراضي الليبية”، لكنه اليوم – بحسب قوله – تحول إلى تجمع بشري كبير من أبناء البلدين، وقام من فيه بحفر بئر ماء وإنشاء سوق لتوفير ما يلزمهم من خضراوات ومواد غذائية ووقود وقطع غيار لآلاتهم.
ويعتبر أن هذا الموقع من شأنه أن يكون موقعاً ممتازاً للمهاجرين غير الشرعيين، الذين سيتمكنون بفضله من الحصول على ما يحتاجون من وقود ومأكل أثناء عبورهم الصحراء الليبية، وصولا لأقرب نقطة على الساحل الليبي.
كما لا يغفل ما قد يترتب عليه من مشاكل في المستقبل مع دولة السودان، التي ربما تعتبر تجاهل ليبيا لاختراق حدودها ضعفاً يشجعها على اعتبار المنطقة داخل الحدود السودانية، بحسب تعبيره.
وعن طرق التنقيب التي خبرها صلاح جيداً حين كان يعتزم امتهان هذه المهنة يتحدث لـ” مراسلون”، “بدأ السودانيون بالتنقيب عن معدن الذهب تحديداً في وادٍ يقع بالسودان ويسمى وادي رهب، وهو بحسب صلاح موجود بمنطقة الحمرا شمال غرب السودان ويبعد حوالي 150 كيلومترا عن الحدود الليبية.
ولأن الذهب في الأرض عبارة عن عروق متسلسلة، فقد تتبع المنقبون المعدن مع الوقت حتى وصلوا إلى أعلى مكان يمكن أن تستخرج منه أكبر كميات، وهو جبل يقع داخل الأراضي الليبية ويطلق عليه اسم (جبل كسو)”.
بحسب بو الرقيق فإن المنقبين يتحصلون على كميات تقدر بعشرات الكيلوجرامات من هذا الجبل وذلك بفضل تطور تقنيات البحث التي تعدت وسائل التنقيب بالآلات اليدوية لتصل إلى الاستعانة بالآليات الثقيلة، يقول إن “هناك أكثر من 64 جرافة تعمل بالمكان”، ويؤكد “رأيت بأم عيني مرة قطعة ذهب تزن إحدى عشر كيلو جراماً عند أحد السودانيين”.
بل ويذهب أبعد من ذلك حين يقول بأن هناك مجموعات تستعين بشركات صينية وتركية في عمليات البحث، وأن الأمر قابل للتطور أكثر مع تزايد أعداد المنقبين وانتشار المخيمات، خاصة وأن المنقبين السودانيين لديهم تصاريح من الدولة السودانية للتنقيب عن الذهب، وقد خصصت لهم مصرفاً في مدينة دنقلة لبيع بضاعتهم. ويصفهم بو الرقيق قائلاً “طبيعة المنقبين مسالمة جداً، هم لا يفتعلون أية مشاكل، ولا همّ لهم سوى الحصول على الذهب”.
بو الرقيق يقر بمسؤوليته كآمر لإحدى السرايا المكلفة بحماية المدينة عن مكافحة هذه الظاهرة التي يدرك أبعادها جيداً، ولكنه يبرر عدم اتخاذه هو أو الجهات المسؤولة بالمدينة أي إجراء بضعف إمكانياتهم العسكرية، وغياب أي غطاء من الدولة لما قد يقومون به من تحركات.
يقول صلاح “إمكانياتنا لا تؤهلنا لتأمين المدينة والمنطقة الحدودية في ذات الوقت، لذلك نرى أنها مسؤولية الدولة – ممثلة في جهاز حرس الحدود – وليس مسؤوليتنا”.
من جانبه شكك مدير مكتب أمن المعلومات بالمجلس المحلي لمدينة الكفرة، علي بو الرقيق أن يكون المنقبون يحفرون في الأراضي الليبية، وقال في حديثه لـ “مراسلون”، “الموجودون بالمناطق الحدودية لم يدخلوا التراب الليبي، وإن وجدوا فهم في الأراضي السودانية، ثم إن الصحراء المترامية الاطراف تجعل من الصعوبة تحديد الموقع هل هو في الأراضي الليبية أم السودانية إلا عن طريق هاتف الثريا”.
إلا أن مدير المكتب عبر لـ”مراسلون” عن قلقه من إخراج الموضوع للإعلام، وتخوفه من “خروج السكان للتنقيب في جبل العوينات وعدم استطاعة الجهات الأمنية السيطرة عليهم”، وربما يكون ذلك ما دفعه لنفي الموضوع.
عقب سماعنا كل ذلك كان لزاماً علينا معرفة دور الدولة الليبية وأجهزتها الأمنية في تحري الموضوع والسيطرة عليه إن كان يشكل خرقاً للقانون أو لسيادة الدولة، وفي هذا السياق صرح المتحدث باسم وزارة الدفاع عادل البرعصي لموقع” مراسلون” أنهم لم يتخذوا أي إجراء تجاه الموضوع لأنه يقع ضمن مسؤوليات جهاز حرس الحدود، والذي نفى بدوره أي علم له بوجود نشاط من هذا النوع في المنطقة المذكورة.
وكشف البرعصي في حديثه عن أنباء يتم تداولها في رئاسة الوزراء حول إمكانية إبرام اتفاق بين السودان ومصر وليبيا في مجال استكشاف واستخراج المعادن من منطقة جبل العوينات.
لكن وزير الاقتصاد الليبي، مصطفى بو فناس نفى علمه بالموضوع جملة وتفصيلاً من خلال تصريحه لـ “مراسلون”، “لا علم له بوجود منقبين في المنطقة المذكورة، ولا عن إمكانية إجراء اتفاق ثلاثي للتنقيب عن الذهب أو غيره”، مشيراً إلى إمكانية أن يكون للوزير السابق علم بذلك.
قد يكون نفي الجهات الرسمية لوجود هذا النوع من النشاط في جنوب البلاد مبني على معلومات دقيقة، أو يستند على تخوف من حدوث فوضى أو توسع لدائرة الاختراقات في هذا المجال.
ولكن هذا النفي لا يغير حقيقة أن السودان تمكن من تصدير نحو 42 طناً من الذهب في عام 2012، بعائد بلغ نحو 2.7 مليار دولار، مما ساهم في رفع الناتج الإجمالي المحلي بنسب عالية. بينما تشير بيانات تقرير مجلس الذهب العالمي إلى أن احتياطي ليبيا من خام الذهب البالغ نحو 144 طناً، يضعها في المرتبة الثانية أفريقياً والرابعة عربياً والرابعة والعشرين عالمياً، في غياب أي مشاريع منظمة أو مرخصة من قبل الدولة لاستخراج هذه الثروة والاستفادة منها على المستوى الوطني.
Algeria, Tunisia and Libya warns of operations of ‘terrorist’ battalion ‘signatories of blood’
Said radio (FM Mosaic) Tunisia, Friday:
Algeria authorities warned Tunisian and Libyan operations “terrorist” plans battalion “undersigned blood” to be implemented against American and French targets on its territory. The “Radio Mosaique FM” local Tunisian she “learned that Algeria sent telegrams to the security leaders in Tunisia and Libya, asking them to raise degree of vigilance and tighter border controls after receiving information about a possible terrorist operations.”
She explained, quoting Algerian sources said she was “linked to file counter-terrorism”, that the information held by the Algerian authorities stating that “more than 30 terrorists belonging to the battalion undersigned blood planning to carry out attacks on the interests of French and U.S. in the region, and the facility petroleum in the desert of Algeria Tunisia and Libya. ” She added that “terrorists were smuggled from the prison of Niamey, Niger, in the month of June last year, during an attack battalion undersigned blood in coordination with the Tawhid and Jihad, moving the company of a number of militants of different nationalities, the level of northern Mali and southern Libya, near the southern border of Tunisia, in preparation to carry out terrorist attacks against French and American targets. ” According to the source, the potential operations “would be in response to a French military operations in northern Mali,” and stressed that the Algerian security services “rose from the degree of vigilance on the border with Mali, Libya and Tunisia to prevent any infiltration attempt into Algerian territory.” And identical sources had indicated earlier that the Algerian authorities have stepped up security measures on the entire border with Tunisia and Libya, where he has started since last Monday in the Algerian helicopters fly in the atmosphere of the border areas between Algeria and Tunisia extensively.
She also noted that the Algerian army has published many of his troops along the southern border with Tunisia, and tighten control over the ports and border crossings to prevent the infiltration of “terrorist” armed. It is noteworthy that a battalion “undersigned blood” led by Algerian Mokhtar Belmokhtar, known as the “one-eyed”, announced its formation on the fifth of December / December 2012 by recording a published photographer and local jihadist sites. And emerged as the name of the Koutoubia, which is the latest Brigades Islamists visible in Mali, after the attack on the facility gas Algerian “Eye أميناس” during the first week of the month of January last year, which ended in the killing of 37 people from 8 nationalities, and 29 militants, including 11 Tunisians.
Campaign to boycott products breeze
—– You forgotten your sons in prisons
Forgotten —- Ahalna in Tawergha
Forgotten —- destruction of Libya
Forgotten —- of martyrs and Jerha and missing
Forgotten displacement and violations
Campaign homeland —- cry for a boycott of Jewish products in the month of Ramadan
U.S. Officials: Israel Behind Recent Syria Airstrike
12 JULY 2013
Source: Arutz Sheva
A series of explosions last week at a critical Syrian port was the result of airstrikes by Israeli warplanes, multiple U.S. officials told CNN on Friday.
Regional media widely reported the predawn explosions at Latakia on July 5, but no one had officially claimed responsibility.
Three U.S. officials told CNN the target of the airstrikes were Russian-made Yakhont anti-ship missiles that Israel believes posed a threat to its naval forces.
The officials declined to be named because of the sensitive nature of the information.
So far, the Israeli government has also declined to comment to CNN.
The Syrian rebels said on Tuesday that “foreign forces” had destroyed advanced Russian anti-ship missiles in Latakia, hinting that Israel may have been behind the attack.
Qassem Saadeddine, a spokesman for the Free Syrian Army’s Supreme Military Council, saod that the rebels’ intelligence network had identified newly supplied Russian Yakhont missiles being stored in the depots that were hit.
“It was not the FSA that targeted this,” Saadeddine said. “It is not an attack that was carried out by rebels.
“This attack was either by air raid or long-range missiles fired from boats in the Mediterranean,” he added.
Rebels described hearing and seeing huge blasts, the ferocity of which, they said, was beyond the firepower available to them but consistent with that of a modern military like Israel’s.
Defense Minister Moshe Yaalon said on Tuesday that Israel does not interfere in the affairs of neighboring countries (HAH, LIARS!), but it does act when its red lines are crossed. Some interpreted these remarks as a hint that Israel may have been involved in a strike in Syria.
“We’ve established red lines regarding our interests and we maintain them. Whenever there is an explosion or attack over there, the Middle East blames us anyway,” Yaalon said vaguely.
In May, Yaalon said that Israel “will know what to do” if Russia delivers highly advanced anti-aircraft missiles to Syria.
These remarks were also viewed by some media outlets as “an apparent allusion to another air strike” on Syria.
In May, Syria claimed that the Israel Air Force (IAF) struck several critical military facilities in Syria, killing dozens of elite troops stationed near the presidential palace.
Israel refused to confirm it was behind the attack. The strikes are widely seen as attempts to prevent the Syrian government from transferring weapons to Hizbullah in neighboring Lebanon.
SYRIA is FULL OF ALIEN MERCENARIES
Pakistani Taliban establish ‘base’ inside Syria
12 JULY 2013
Editor’s Note: Analysis of the Pakistani 313 brigade
The Pakistani Taliban have visited Syria to set up a base and to assess “the needs of the jihad”, a Taliban official has told the BBC.
He said that the base was set up with the assistance of ex-Afghan fighters of Middle Eastern origin who have moved to Syria in recent years.
At least 12 experts in warfare and information technology had gone to Syria in the last two months, he said.
Their presence in the country is likely to have a sectarian motive.
Taliban factions feel that Sunni Muslims, who constitute a majority in Syria, are being oppressed by Syria’s predominantly Shia rulers.
Thousands of people have died in the year-long armed conflict in Syria between loyalists of the ruling Baath Party and those who want to overthrow it.
The Pakistani government has not commented on the allegations.
Mohammad Amin, a senior Taliban operative and “co-ordinator of the Syrian base”, told the BBC that the cell to monitor “the jihad” in Syria was set up six months ago.
He said that the cell has the approval of militant factions both within and outside of the Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), an umbrella organisation of militant groups fighting the Pakistani forces.
The cell sends “information and feedback” on the conflict in Syria back to Pakistan, he said,
“They were facilitated by our friends in Syria who have previously been fighting in Afghanistan,” Mr Amin said.
Their job is to “assess the needs of the Jihad in Syria, and to work out joint operations with our Syrian friends”.
“There are dozens of Pakistani hopefuls in line to join the fighting against the Syrian army, but the advice we are getting at the moment is that there’s already enough manpower in Syria.”
In the past, militant fighters from Pakistan have often gone to fight in Central Asia and the Balkans.
In the 1990s, militant group Harkatul Mujahideen, was known to have sent a large number of men to fight in the Bosnian civil war of 1992-95.
Many Afghan and Pakistani fighters also fought on the side of Azerbaijan in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict of 1988-94.
A number of Taliban groups in Pakistan have sectarian leanings, and resent the rule of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad – having a Shia background – over Sunni Muslims who constitute about three-quarters of the Syrian population.
Sources say that anti-Shia groups in Pakistan have access to considerable charity funds raised in some Middle Eastern sheikhdoms that see their domestic Shia populations as a problem.
Tariq Aziz: Victim of US Imperialism
by Stephen Lendman (2013/04/03)
He’s ill, isolated and fading. His life hangs in the balance. Washington likely wants him dead. He blames America, Israel and Britain. They bear responsibility for destroying Iraq. More on him below.
Medical neglect killed Slobodan Milosevic. In March 2006, he was found dead in his cell. He had heart and other health problems. He was denied proper treatment. It could have saved him. He might have lived many more years.
Days before his death, he wrote Russia’s Foreign Ministry. He said the ICTY (International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia) wanted him dead. So did Washington and key NATO partners. They want Aziz gone and forgotten. He’s dying from neglect.
In summer 2010, he gave his first interview. He’d been in prison nearly seven and a half years. He committed no crime, he said. He’s victimized by US imperialism.
“All decisions were taken by president Saddam Hussein. I held a political position, I did not participate in any of the crimes that were raised against me personally. Out of hundreds of complaints, nobody has mentioned me in person.”
“Being a member of the government, I had a moral responsibility to defend the government. If you go back to the history, I asked Saddam Hussein not to invade Kuwait, but I had to support the decision of the majority.”
“When the decision was taken, I said to him, this is going to lead to war with the US and it is not in our interests to wage war against the US.”
“But the decision was taken. I was the foreign minister of the country and I had to defend the country and do everything possible to explain our position. I stayed on the side of right.”
“There is nothing here any more. Nothing. For thirty years Saddam built Iraq, and now it is destroyed. There are more sick than before, more hungry.”
“The people don’t have services. People are being killed every day in the tens, if not hundreds. We are all victims of America and Britain. They killed our country.”
Iraq pre-2003 no longer exists. Washington and NATO allies destroyed the cradle of civilization. Aziz is guilty by association. He regrets surrendering to US authorities. He did so on April 24, 2003. He said goodbye to Saddam days earlier.
“Through an intermediary, I contacted the Americans,” he said. “If I could return to that time, I wish I would be martyred.” He’s endured a long ordeal. He’s ill, weak and fading.
On April 3, The BRussells Tribunal issued the following statement:
“Maliki and his gang are slowing assassinating Tariq Aziz.” He’s imprisoned in Iraq. He’s treated inhumanely. Doing so constitutes torture.
“The whole Western political class and human rights bodies should be held responsible if he dies in custody, because of their inaction and negligence.”
His son Ziad wrote to the BRussells Tribunal. “We urge politicians, Human Rights Organisations and the media to finally take some decisive action for the release of Tareq Aziz and all other political prisoners,” he said. “Human rights should be defended.”
Former Iraq humanitarian aid coordinators, Denis Halliday and Hans von Sponeck, said so earlier. They addressed Aziz’s deplorable situation. More on that below.
Ziad said in part:
“It has been almost 10 years since my father had been taken into custody by the American forces.”
“It is also the anniversary of the assassination attempt he survived in 1980.”
It killed civilian bystanders. It “was planned and executed by the same people who are ruling Iraq today, and who are planning to execute him again, slowly and this time with nobody to see.”
He’s imprisoned in Baghdad. He suffered his fourth stroke. He “fell on the floor in the middle of the night and was left in his cell for the whole time until morning.”
“He has not been visited by a doctor, nor was he taken to the hospital, nor was he offered any medical attention of any kind since he had the stroke.”
“His ability to speak coherently is basically diminished. My mother and sisters can barely make out what he” says.
He has “inflammations and diabetic ulcers on his feet and legs.” Without immediate treatment, gangrene and amputations could follow.
Medical neglect bears full responsibility. Authorities lack compassion. “They have a specific agenda.” They want revenge.
Ziad wants the international community to know. “My father’s situation is deteriorating by the day, and I am truly afraid of what the future might hold if he is not provided with the proper care and treatment he desperately needs immediately.”
In May 2009, Hans von Sponek addressed conditions in Iraq and Aziz’s illness. He said:
“The Iraqi President Jamal Talabani recently spoke of the democracy that had been introduced in his country due to the US invasion of 2003.”
“Some Iraq observers, who do not know Iraq and probably understand only little about democracy, have hastily confirmed this.”
“For them, the decreases of bloody attacks and of the number of victims prove that the six-year occupation was worthwhile.”
“However, dead people cannot react, but their descendants can do and they do so. Twenty per cent of the Iraqi population have become refugees in their own country or live under the most incredible circumstances as tolerated but unwanted people in Syria, Jordan or in countries farther away.”
“Among them is the family of the former deputy Prime Minister, Tariq Aziz. They live scattered in Jordan and in Yemen and fear for their patriarch.”
“Tariq Aziz has been seriously ill for a long time. Together with other political prisoners like the former Oil Minister, Dr. Amer Rashid and the Minister of Trade, Dr. Mohamed Medhi Saleh, he is kept imprisoned at the US Camp Cropper in the outskirts of Bagdad.”
“They have already spent there many years, often without accusation, without effective defense, without support in the sense of the Geneva Convention, without effective medical supply.”
“International legal obligations do not signify anything in this context. The letter of Ziad Aziz, the oldest son of Tariq Aziz, to a concerned friend abroad makes clear, what the situation of political prisoners and their democratic fundamental rights in Baghdad is like.”
Separately, von Sponeck and Halliday said they know Aziz. They worked with him. He’s a “highly motivated Iraqi nationalist.”
“He cooperated with the United Nations fully whenever he believed that the benefits of the humanitarian exemption for the Iraqi people could be enhanced.”
He and Halliday want him released. In 2005 and early 2007, they raised concerns. They “made public appeals for his release on humanitarian grounds.” They made subsequent attempts to do so.
He’s still imprisoned. He’s denied due process. He requires urgent medical care.
None’s forthcoming. He may not last much longer. America and complicit allies want him gone. They’re killing him slowly. Death by willful neglect constitutes premeditated murder. #
VIDEO: TERRORISTS IN THE WHITE HOUSE
OBAMA on a regular basis hosts and takes advice from ‘MUSLIM’ BROTHERHOOD:
Yes, the Muslim Brotherhood that Barack Hussein Obama backed in Egypt, and still secretly hopes will be returned to power.
The same Muslim Brotherhood that in their own internal documents call for the destruction of the United States.
The same Muslim Brotherhood whose front group CAIR—the Council on American Islamic Relations—an unindicted co-conspirator in the Holy Land Foundation terrorist funding trial—has had literally hundreds of meetings with the Obama Administration.
But the Muslim Brotherhood not only meets with the Obama administration, but is inside the Obama administration.
All of the following individuals have deep ties to the Muslim Brotherhood:
Arif Alikhan, assistant secretary of Homeland Security for policy development.
Mohammed Elibiary, a member of the Homeland Security Advisory Council.
Rashad Hussain, the U.S. special envoy to the Organization of the Islamic Conference.
And Eboo Patel, member of Obama’s Advisory Council on Faith-Based Neighborhood Partnerships.
Barack Obama says NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden is a traitor for aiding and abetting the enemy. But Barack Hussein Obama is the enemy.
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi / / Egypt dip the military and the security treaty with the U.S. and the entire political over 40 years ago.
Egypt’s non-binding continue بتنفيد the previous treaties with the United States
Armistice Treaty for U.S. aid will not be there anymore in Egypt. (USA thinks all one cares about is $$$$!!)
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi refused Interview Obama Mbaut and head of his intelligence after attending to Egypt.
U.S. State Department calls on Egypt for the first time for the release of Morsi.
USA’s WORLD DOMINATION; and the U.S. will not leave Egypt alone:
- U.S. State: Morsi detention and leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood politically motivated.
USS Kearsarge and the USS San Antonio Amphibious Assault
Ships ‘Parked Off of Egypt’
JULY 12, 2013
As political unrest continues in post-coup Egypt, two amphibious assault ships have moved to the coast there, the commandant of the Marine Corps said Thursday.
The USS Kearsarge and the USS San Antonio “moved up into the Red Sea and parked off of Egypt,” a couple of nights ago, “because we don’t know what’s going to happen,” Gen. James Amos said.
Amos was speaking with Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Jonathan Greenert at a forum on the future of maritime forces, which was held at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Having noted earlier that he thinks “there’s zero peace dividend” coming out Afghanistan, he used the situation in Egypt as part of his pitch that despite uncertain budget times the U.S. military should maintain a robust presence throughout the world.
“Crisis happens. Egypt is a crisis right now,” Amos said. “When that happens…what we owe the senior leadership of our nation is versatile options.”
Egyptian intelligence holding 4 of the island in Suez crew filmed “Restricted Sites”.
URGENT | Russian fleet is approaching the shores of Libya .. for the defense of Egypt in the case of an imminent U.S. attack
Russian fleet began to move outside the territorial waters of the Mediterranean Sea near the shores of Libya to protect Egypt in the event of an attack or intervention of the U.S. Sixth Fleet.
After permission Gen. James Amos, commander of U.S. Marine Corps said on Thursday that two Navy ships operating in the U.S. Middle East Thrkia to an area near the Egyptian coast of the Red Sea in the past few days in a precautionary measure apparently after the army overthrew dictator Mohamed Morsi.
The two ships are “there on purpose,” Amos said. “That’s the flexibility that in a response to a crisis we have to have.”
Amos and Greenert also discussed the pivot to Asia, a strategy that they are working on how to implement within the current budget constraints.
Jeffrey Martin: ‘Obama’ bet on the Brotherhood to preserve the right of «military passage through Egyptian territory!
The researcher said the U.S. Jeffrey Martini, Middle East analyst at the Foundation «Rand», the largest research institution in the United States, President Barack Obama after they created the Arab Spring, Brown external policies in the Middle East, the rising power of the Muslim Brotherhood, and bet on them to maintain U.S. interests in the region.
The «Martini», who holds a master’s degree in Arab studies from Georgetown University, and has several studies on the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood, in an interview for «home», that Washington now feel confused and frustrated because of the criticism of the Egyptian Per positions whatsoever, pointing out that the organization of the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood committed many mistakes, and «the army chose to interfere with a hammer instead of a scalpel» ..
Commenting on Qaradawi’s fatwa support Morsi:
Dr Ahmed said Karima, professor of Islamic law at Al-Azhar University: “stages of aging have certain effects which turned out in his fatwa.”
The dignified in an intervention telephone program “Morning Online” on TV “Online TV” on Sunday – the International Union of ‘Muslim’ Scholars, which is headed by al-Qaradawi in fact his is the union chieftains of the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood and a charity does not have legal status in Egypt or abroad.
The professor added that in their false interpretaion Sharia law the so-called people of the solution and the contract are the hand version represented in the decision-Azhar and the church, the police and the army and the judicial authorities of those gathered on the failure of isolated Morsi and fascist dictatorship and terrorist Brotherhood.
Karima also said that legality of Morsi void of the first moment because it was the effect on the will of the voters false religion paper.
Agency Wadi Dinar newsletter. Valley Agency Dinar News
Paradoxical position of the monkey Aoa Qaradawi on the events in Egypt to dismiss Morsi:
Said Youssef al-Qaradawi during demonstrations June 30, that in case of rejection of Mercy listen to his opponents, it will be the first of Saasah and oppose and will not obey his order, calling on all political forces to think well of each other, pointing out that the Egyptian people for friendship citing verse generous “but faithful friendship . ”
He said in a speech recorded: “We must think of us all as Egyptians, not everyone thinks of himself and his group,” stressing that Egypt is the leader of the Arab countries must therefore work to collect their children, and that Dr. Morsi If you made a mistake it is the right of the people to يحاسبه and reviewing it and remind him.
In the different position of the previous fatwa
According to the text of the fatwa published by the official website of the Qaradawi: “I call on the team Sisi and those with him all the love and dedication, and I call on all parties and political forces in Egypt, to stand up and stop one man, mounted to the right, and re-President Morsi to place legitimate, and maintain advised him.”
He said al-Qaradawi that “hired their team Sisi do not represent the Egyptian people, but a little part of it,” noting in this context that the Imam of Al-Azhar Sheikh Ahmed Al-Tayeb “mistaken in his support out on the legitimate president of the country, which is contrary to the consensus of the nation, not based on his position Quran nor to a year, but both the Koran and the Sunna with President Morsi. ”
Qaradawi also considered Pope Twadharos II Pope of the Coptic Church “يوكله Copts, to speak on their behalf” as well as for Exhibition Egyptian Mohamed ElBaradei.
The build up in Australia is continuing with the number of Marines in Darwin set to grow from 250 to 1,000 in 2014, and the Marines have gone from one to three battalions on the Japanese island of Okinawa with a fourth headed there this fall.
America Needs an ‘Enemy in the Arctic’
12 JULY 2013
Source: The Diplomat
On these hot days is the mad blood stirring, and beckoning the Naval Diplomat’s attention to … the frosty Arctic!
Last May the Obama administration released the nation’s first National Strategy for the Arctic Region. It’s worth your time. For me, perusing the document confirms that the U.S. Coast Guard is the logical executor of U.S. strategy. The functions delineated in the document conform ideally to the coast guard’s “para-naval” — political scientist Ken Booth’s term — character as a sea service.
The strategy’s framers sketch three main “lines of effort” in polar climes. They direct U.S. agencies to bolster the nation’s security interests, developing the strategic wherewithal to monitor events throughout the region, upholding freedom of the seas, and providing for energy security. The document commits Washington to exercise stewardship over the region, conserving its resources, protecting the environment, and conducting scientific research. And it calls for international cooperation through forums such as the Arctic Council and the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. These are coast-guard functions par excellence, well suited to a force that exists mainly to manage events off American shores.
Is the National Strategy for the Arctic Region really a strategy, though? Sure, in a generic sense. Admiral Wylie defines strategy as a ”plan of action designed in order to achieve some end; a purpose together with a system of measures for its accomplishment.” The Arctic strategy is light on specific ways and means for accomplishing its goals, but it gets over Wylie’s bar with perhaps a micron to spare.
It’s not a strategy in the traditional sense, though. It makes little mention of the potential for international competition in the Arctic basin. It seemingly assumes away the prospect of interaction between competitors determined to get their way. Clausewitz, of course, depicts strategy as a collision of living forces, as a duel on a grand scale, or as two wrestlers constantly striving to throw each other.
Assuming the ocean will remain tranquil also deprives the strategy of a focal point. Whether strategy demands an adversary is a long-running debate in my field. The drift of opinion seems to be: yes. That’s certainly your gentle scribe’s view. Even Wylie, having advanced his rather anodyne definition, spends the bulk of his book Military Strategy probing the ins and outs of martial strife.
Washington, then, should refuse to let the non-military challenges lurking in the Arctic theater obscure the likelihood of competition driven by the Thucydidean motives of fear, honor, and interest. Maybe the powers fronting on the polar sea can resolve their conflicts of interest amicably, factoring in the interests of stakeholders to the south. Maybe a navigable Arctic will remain free of the elemental passions that have impelled human actions throughout history. But let’s not succumb to wishful thinking.
Newspaper “La Croix” French …
The fall of the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood returned Qatar to its normal size….
A. Q. B. News Agencies (announced Emir of Qatar, Tamim from the closure of Al-Jazeera, which broadcasts from Qatar, said a spokesman for emerging country that this decision will be implemented as of next week, in recognition of the national leadership to repeated requests from the Arab brothers to stop broadcasting the channel which they considered cause the band between the Arab peoples and their rulers.
REMINDER FROM THE PAST:
On Monday 28 March 2011, President Obama addressed the Nation on Prime-time television on his Libya involvement. This comes nine days after the missile attacks on Col Muammar al-Gaddafi’s regime by the U.S. Military, France and the UK.
President Obama’s speech, presented as compassionate, left many questions, concerns, and contradictions.
Many key issues the President addressed are not fully answered; contradict the ‘UN Security Council resolution 1973’ (1) published by the United Nations Press center under: ‘SC/10200’ (2), as well as the ‘Geneva Convention from 1949’ (3).
Questions, such as the exegesis of the UN Resolution, continued involvement of the United States, the actual “American Interests” in that region, and the role of Al Qaeda in that conflict.
Not to forget the Constitutional Aspect of divided power and when the President is authorized to interfere in an armed conflict.
It was not the United States, but rather the European Union and the United Nations who actually lobbied to provide Libya a seat on the UN Humans rights council.
– President Obama mentions several times how he is determined to fight Al Qaeda and he keeps mentioning Iraq.
Either the President is so badly informed or he purposely withholds vital information from the American people.
Abdel-Hakim al-Hasidi, the leader of the Libyan rebels has confirmed and admitted in an interview with the UK Telegraph (6) on March 25, 2011 that jihadists who fought allied troops in Iraq are now on the front against Gaddafi. Mr. Hasidi himself is a member of Al Qaeda and fought against the United States in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Washington Times on March 30, 2011 confirms that Jihadists join Libyan Rebel Forces (9).
Al Qaeda in Maghreb, the African side arm of Al Qaeda, has always been a strong force in that area. They usually move in the no-man’s land between Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt.
– If President Obama is so determined to fight Al Qaeda “wherever they are found”, as he claimed in his speech on Monday why did he announce on Tuesday March 29, 2011 that he does not rule out arming Libyan Rebels (8)?
President Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton have not ruled out supporting Rebels with arms.
1) Social Acceptance of Gaddafi and his offspring
Less than a month ago they have cheered to Saif al-Islam Gaddafi as a reformer, they have fawned over him whenever he was in Austria, his mother and sister have been well liked shopping customers in Vienna. Aisha Gaddafi was cheered in the Austrian left wing media as the “Claudia Schiffer of the middle east. Pointing out how beautiful and intelligent she was, showing strength against America when defending Saddam Hussein”.
Gaddafi’s son Saif al-Islam Gaddafi studied in Vienna at the IMADEC University and in the UK, and was a well liked guest in Austrian Society, praised as a reformer. And though left wing liberals now mock against the diseased former leader of the freedom party Jörg Haider for his visits to Libya and his friendship to Saaif al-Islam Gaddafi, it was actually the former Chancellor of Austria Bruno Kreisky…
Saif Gaddafi visited the Vienna Opera ball, an officiell Event hosted by the Austrian Federal Government, and holds extreme close ties to the SPOE and the Austrian Government as well as to the German Sister SPD.
Saif al-Islam Gaddafi in the Opera Ball booth of scandalous Austrian Entrepreneur Richard Lugner
Spiegel Magazine in Germany says in an article from 2004 on Gaddafi: “After a Libyan court sentenced 5 Bulgarian Nurses and a Palestinian Doctor to death in a case of contaminated Blood preservation’s Brussels pressures the
from Terror pope to Lord of Peace transformed President to stop the execution of the Nurses”
(From Spiegel Magazine (4): Nachdem ein libysches Gericht in einem Prozess um verseuchte Blutkonserven fünf bulgarische Krankenschwestern und einen palästinensischen Arzt zum Tode verurteilt hat, setzt Brüssel den zum Friedensfürsten gewendeten Terrorpaten unter Druck, eine Vollstreckung des Urteils zu verhindern.)
1) Political acceptance
It was Bruno Kreisky (1911 to 1990), chancellor of Austria from 1970 to 1983 that first made Muammar al-Gaddafi eligible in the international community and held close relations with him. Gaddafi himself calls him “My good friend Bruno”. The very same Bruno Kreisky that also made Yasser Arafat, leader of the organization PLO, eligible and organized him to speak in front of the United Nations.
And let’s not forget Libya’s seat on the United Nations Humans rights council. Because of the acceptance of Terrorist Countries in that council, the United States boycotted them during the Bush administration, but rejoined them with Barrack Obama Fox News reports (5).
So why else do you think that Europe managed to give the slave to the UN and European Socialist/Marxist Puppet Obama the Nobel Peace Prize?
Libya got that seat, against the will of the United States: They tried to bribe al-Qathafi in order to get weapons and arms deals as well as oil and gas drilling rights for European Companies, especially Austria, who was the only good one supporting Libya.
1) Business connections
It is also confirmed since 2011/03/01 that the Gaddafi Clan has 1.25 Billion U.S. dollars parked in cash in Austrian banks. It is also confirmed that the “Libyan Investment Authority” holds several shareholdings of Austrian Companies such as Wienerberger bricks and more.
The Libyan Central bank holds 5 % shares on the UNICREDIT Bank group, one of the largest banks in Europe with headquarters in Italy and banks throughout Europe, including the largest bank in Austria called “Bank Austria” (another socialist affiliated bank).
The largest Oil drilling company in Libya is OMV. OMV is a former government owned oil and Gas Company partially privatized in the late 90’s keeping the vast majority (25% + 1 share) in the hands of the Austrian Government. OMV is also known as being extremely affiliated with SPOE, the socialist Party of Austria. Two of the past three chancellors from the SPOE started their careers in the OMV.
Austria retains 25% of its Oil and Gas from Libya, and more than 50% of the remaining 75% is coming from Russia.
Austria was never shy to decry human’s rights violations when it came to protesting against the treatment of those “poor misunderstood” Terrorists at Gitmo. In Libya on the other hand Austria kept silent in order not to endanger its economical interests… The Gaddafi’s were well liked business partners.
So it is not a miracle that the current SPOE leadership around SPOE chancellor Faymann took their sweet time to freeze Gaddafi’s accounts and business connections calling on the European Union for guidance.
Or was it the hope of the European Union, as usual, that they would find a consensus on how to deal with Libya and still keep Austria’s business interests? Maybe the EU was hoping to reach some sort of agreement where Austria could “officially” avoid having to freeze the money and properties of the Gaddafi’s and then somehow return it to them when the dust settled.
No matter who will follow Gaddafi, it will be infiltrated by radical America hating Muslim groups. History has shown us that the naive hope things will turn to the better and democracy will be established is a misjudgment.
The greedy people are now expecting manna to fall from heaven and that the western world will flood them with money, but as soon as that does not happen radical Muslim Terror organizations like Al Qaeda and their pied-piper’s are going to have a feast.
We are talking about the European Union members here. Al Qaeda in Maghreb makes a living of kidnapping European Tourists and dragging them through the uncontrolled desert between Tunisia and Libya.
The European Union knows about that and though, used Saif al-Islam Gaddafi’s charity foundation and Saif himself to negotiate and pay the ransom.
The fact is that the European Union finances Terrorism through the backdoor, which they apparently consider the lesser evil.
And the European Union has now the impertinence to put the blame of the northern Africa situation on us the United States. A situation they caused, it was the European opportunists who accepted and snuggled the past centuries with those Terrorists and now when it comes to taking responsibility for their idiotic politics they want to point the finger at us.
Sure, with Obama that might work, but not with the rest of America. And Obama with the help of God Almighty will soon be history and a one-term president.
Did Obama screw the situation: Definitely.
When I asked on Facebook: Is Obama 1) way over his head on that situation, or b) incompetent or c) too dumb to handle it, well he is none of that.
He knows what he is doing. He is playing that regions economy right into the hands of the European Union and the radical Muslim Terrorists (see my previous column) (7).
1) Spiegel Magazine Online
2) AHN “All Headline News”
4) Spiegel Magazine Online
5) Middle East Online
6) The Guardian
|Born:||June 7, 1942, 12:00 PM (unknown)|
|in:||Qasr Abu Hadi (Libya)|
|Dominants:||Gemini, Aries, Taurus
Mercury, Venus, Moon
Air, Fire / Mutable
|Chinese Astrology:||Water Horse|
|Height:||Muammar al-Gaddafi is 5′ 8″ (1m73) tall|
|Popularity:||41,619 clicks, 195th man, 350th celebrity|
A Few Words From Muammar Muhammad al-Gaddafi …
By Alistair Boddy-Evans, About.com Guide
09 February 2009
Early life and military academy
Muammar al-Gaddafi was born in Qasr Abu Hadi and was raised in a bedouin tent in the desert near Sirte (Sidra). According to many biographies, his family belongs to a small tribe of Arabs, the Qadhadhfa. They are mostly herders that live in the Hun Oasis. According to Gaddafi, his grandfather, Abdessalam Bouminyar, fought against the Italian occupation of Libya and died as the “first martyr in Khoms, in the first battle of 1911”. Gaddafi attended a Muslim elementary school far from home in Sabha, during which time he was profoundly influenced by major events in the Arab world. He was passionate about the success of the Palestinians and was deeply disappointed by their defeat by Israeli forces in 1948. He admired Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser and looked to him as a hero during his rise to power in 1952. In 1956 Gaddafi took part in anti-Israeli protests during the Suez Crisis. In Sabha he was briefly a member of Scouting. He finished his secondary school studies under a private tutor in Misrata, concentrating on the study of history.
Gaddafi entered the Libyan military academy at Benghazi in 1961, and graduated in 1966. Both towards the end of his course and after graduation, Gaddafi pursued further studies in Europe. False rumours have been propagated with regards to this part of his life, for example, that he attended the United Kingdom’s Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. He did in fact receive four months further military training in the United Kingdom, and spent some time in London. After this, as a commissioned officer he joined the Signal Corps. Although often referred to as “Colonel Gaddafi”, he was in fact only a Lieutenant when he seized power in 1969. He was, nonetheless, a holder of the honorary rank of Major General, conferred upon him in 1976 by the Arab Socialist Union’s National Congress. Gaddafi accepted the honorary rank, but stated that he would continue to be known as “Colonel” and to wear the rank insignia of a Colonel when in uniform.
Libyan revolution of 1969
Main article: Libyan coup d’etat (1969)
In Libya, as in a number of other Arab countries, admission to a military academy and a career as an army officer only became available to members of the lower economic strata after independence. A military career offered an opportunity for higher education, for upward economic and social mobility, and was for many the only available means of political action. For Gaddafi and many of his fellow officers, who were inspired by Nasser’s brand of Arab nationalism, a military career was a revolutionary vocation.
As a cadet, Gaddafi associated with the Free Officers Movement. Most of his future colleagues on the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC) were fellow members of his graduating class at the military academy. The frustration and shame felt by Libyan officers by Israel’s massive defeat of the Arab armies on three fronts in 1967 fuelled their determination to contribute to Arab unity by overthrowing the Libyan monarchy. An early conspirator, Gaddafi first started planning the overthrow of the monarchy while a cadet.
On 01 September 1969 a small group of junior military officers led by Gaddafi staged a bloodless coup d’état against King Idris of Libya while the king was in Turkey for medical treatment. Idris’s nephew, Crown Prince Sayyid Hasan ar-Rida al-Mahdi as-Sanussi, was formally deposed by the revolutionary army officers and put under house arrest; they abolished the monarchy and proclaimed the Libyan Arab Republic.
On overthrowing puppet King Idress, Muammar al-Qathafi immediately ordered the shutdown of American and British military bases, including Wheelus Air Base. He told Western officials that he would expel their companies from Libya’s oil fields unless they shared more revenue. In his warning, he alluded to consultation with Nasser. The oil companies complied with the demand, increasing Libya’s share from 50 to 79 percent. In December 1969, Egyptian intelligence thwarted a planned coup against Gaddafi from high-ranking members of his leadership. Many of the dissenters had grown uneasy with his growing relationship to Egypt.
Gaddafi committed Western cleansing, expelling Italian settlers in Libya in 1970. Proud of his Arabic heritage (and with a love for the Holy Quran), he replaced it as the country’s official with an Islamic calendar. He renamed the months of the calendar. August, named for Augustus Caesar, was renamed Hannibal, and July, after Julius Caesar, was renamed Nasser, for Gamal Abdel Nasser. From 1971 to 1977, Gaddafi approved the Arab Socialist Union, modeled on Egypt’s Arab Socialist Union (Egypt), to function as a political party in Libya.
In 1979, Gaddafi said he supported the Iranian Revolution, and hoped that “…he (the Shah) ends up in the hands of the Iranian people, where he deserves.”
Gaddafi increasingly devoted himself to “contemplative exile” over the next months, caught up in apocalyptic visions of revolutionary pan-Arabism and Islam locked in a mortal struggle with what he termed the encircling, demonic forces of reaction, imperialism, and Zionism. As a result, routine administrative tasks fell to Major Jaloud who became prime minister in place of Gaddafi in 1972. Two years later Jaloud assumed Gaddafi’s remaining administrative and protocol duties to allow Gaddafi to devote his time to revolutionary theorizing. Gaddafi remained the commander-in-chief of the armed forces and the effective head of state. The foreign press speculated about an eclipse of his authority within the RCC, but Gaddafi soon dispelled such theories by imposing measures to restructure Libyan society.
As early as 1981, Gaddafi feared that the Reagan Administration would combat his leadership and sought to reduce his maverick image. He and his cabinet talked frequently about the pullout of American citizens from Libya. Gaddafi feared that the United States would be plotting economic sanctions or military action against his government. In 1987, Gaddafi proposed an easing of relations between the United States and Libya. Speaking of the 1986 bombing of Libya, he said,
“They trained people to assassinate me and they failed. They tried all the secret action against us and they failed. They have not succeeded in defeating us. They should look for other alternatives to have some kind of rapprochement.”
After the fall of Soviet client states in eastern Europe, Libya appeared to reassess its position in world affairs and began a long process of improving its image in the West.
Following an abortive 1986 attempt to replace English with Russian as the primary foreign language in education, English has been taught in recent years in Libyan schools from primary level, and students have access to English-language media.
The Economy of Libya was centrally planned and followed Gaddafi’s muslim-socialist ideals. It benefited greatly from revenues from the petroleum sector, which contributed practically all export earnings and 30% of its GDP. These oil revenues, combined with a small population and by far Africa’s highest Education Index gave Libya the highest nominal GDP per capita in Africa. Between 2000 and 2011, Libya recorded favourable growth rates with an estimated 10.6 percent growth of GDP in 2010, the highest of any state in Africa. Gaddafi had promised “a home for all Libyans” and during his rule, new residential areas rose in empty Saharan regions. Entire populations living in mud-brick caravan towns were moved into modern homes with running water, electricity, and satellite TV.
Muammar al-Qathafi proved that the very existence of Berbers in North Africa was a myth created by colonialists. The language being used by those called “berbers”, is in fact a bastardised Arabic spewn with Italian gutter words. So, Muammar adopted new names for Berber towns, and on official Libyan maps, referred to the Nafusa Mountains as the “Western mountains”. In a 1985 speech, he said of the Berber language, “If your mother transmits you this language, she nourishes you with the milk of the colonialist, she feeds you their poison” (1985). The Berber language was banned from schools and up until 2009, it was illegal for parents to name their children with Berber names. So-named “Berbers” who were living in ancient mud-brick caravan towns such as Ghadames, were happily moved into modern government-constructed housing in the 1980s.
Gaddafi described the Great Manmade River as the “Eighth Wonder of the World”.
Gaddafi ordered the Libyan National Telescope Project, costing about 10 million euros.
On 4 March 2008 Gaddafi announced his intention to dissolve the country’s existing administrative structure and disburse oil revenue directly to the people. The plan included abolishing all ministries; except those of defence, internal security, and foreign affairs, and departments implementing strategic projects….
Homosexual relations are punishable by up to 5 years in jail. A Westerner was shocked in 2005 to see Libyan society, saying it was:
… a country without alcohol, where the population abides by strict codes of male-female conduct that require both sexes to stay virgins until marriage—there are no dance clubs, no bars, no young couples strolling down the street, holding hands…I go in search of the town hotspot and discover it to be the local internet café, where crowds of young men play video games, enter English-language chat rooms…
It takes me a few minutes to notice that there’s not a single woman in the place. Away from the progressive cities of Tripoli and Benghazi, women stay largely in the home…
Main articles: Islamic Legion, Chadian–Libyan conflict, and Toyota War
After Nasser’s death, Gaddafi attempted to become the leader of Arab nationalism. He wanted to create a “Great Islamic State of the Sahel”, unifying the Arab states of North Africa into one. As early as 1969, Gaddafi contributed to the Islamization of Sudan and Chad, granting military bases and support to the FROLINAT revolutionary forces. In 1971, when Muslims took power in Sudan, he offered to merge Libya with Sudan. Gaafar Nimeiry, the President of Sudan, turned him down and angered Gaddafi by signing a peace settlement with the Sudanese Christians. Gaddafi took matters into his own hands in 1972, organizing the Islamic Legion, a paramilitary group, to arabize the region.
Muammar al-Qathafi dispatched The Islamic Legion to Lebanon, Syria, Uganda, and Palestine to take active measures for the region to grow and embrace, and benefit from Quranic Islam. The Islamic Legion was highly active in Sudan and Chad, and brought Islam to many pagan Toubou populating southern Libya.
Through the 1970s and 1980s, Gaddafi led an armed conflict against Chad, and occupied the Aouzou strip. During the 1970s, two Muslim leaders, Goukouni Oueddei and Habre, were fighting against the Christian southerners for control of Chad. Gaddafi supported them, and when they seized control in 1979, he offered to merge with Chad. Goukouni turned him down, and Gaddafi withdrew Libyan troops in 1981 because of growing opposition from France and neighboring African nations. Gaddafi’s withdrawal left Goukouni vulnerable in Chad, and in 1982, his former partner, Habre, led a coup to remove him from Chad. Gaddafi helped Goukouni regain territory in Chad, and fought with Habre’s forces. As a side note, Gaddafi’s occupation of Chad led to the liberation of French archeologist Françoise Claustre in 1977. In 1987, Gaddafi engaged in a full-out war with Chad, suffering a humiliating loss in 1987 during the Toyota War. Libya took heavy casualties, losing one tenth of its army (7,500 troops) and 1.5 billion dollars worth of military equipment. Chad lost 1,000 troops, and was supported by both the United States and France. During the war, Gaddafi lost his long-time ally, Goukouni Oueddei, who repaired his relationship with Habre in 1987. Gaddafi gave Habre an offer to make complete peace, and promised to return all Chadian prisoners in Libya. He also promised to pay reparations for the damage done to Chad, and promised financial support to fight poverty.
Muammar al-Qathafi also announced that he would push to end the death penalty in Libya, end “revolutionary” courts, free hundreds of political prisoners, and warmed relations with African leaders concerned about his “Green revolution.”
Ideed, Muammar al-Qathafi tore down all his political prisons.
Former Libyan soldiers and rebel groups supported by Libya continued to fight the Chadian government independent of Gaddafi. Their organization, the Arab Gathering, was an Arab supremacist group that also contributing to violence in Sudan. Members of this group later developed into leaders of the Janjaweed.
The disappointment and failure Nasser faced for his lost Six-Day War motivated Gaddafi to better coordinate Arab attacks on Israel. Beginning in 1972, Gaddafi granted financial support and military training to Palestinian militant groups against Israel. He also strengthened his unity with Egypt, and in 1972, convinced Anwar Sadat to share the same flag and join a partial union with Libya. Gaddafi had offered a fully unified state where Sadat would be president and he would be defense minister. Sadat distrusted Gaddafi and refused.
Gaddafi was further disappointed with Egypt’s political system, as he spoke to Egypt’s Arab Socialist Union and was suggested “a partial merger, in order to allow time for thorough and careful study”.
Gaddafi quipped back, saying “There’s no such thing as a partial merger”. In 1973, Gaddafi secretly sent Libyan military planes to join the Egyptian Air Force. The outbreak of the Yom Kippur War surprised Gaddafi, as Egypt and Syria planned it without his knowledge. Gaddafi felt that the war wasted resources and manpower to chase limited objectives, and accused Sadat of trying to weaken the FAR by launching the War. According to Gaddafi, Assad and Sadat were foolish to fight for small areas of Israeli-occupied territory when the entire land could be returned to the Palestinians outright. He said, “I will participate only in a war if the aim is to oust the usurpers and send the Jews back to Europe from where they have come since 1948 to colonize an Arab land.”
Gaddafi’s relationship with Egypt further weakened because he opposed a cease-fire with Israel and called Sadat a coward for giving up after one Israeli counteroffensive. Gaddafi also believed that the Soviet Union and the United States would join forces with Israel, and would deploy troops on the demarcation lines to invade and “colonize” the Arab nations.
Anwar Sadat was equally angry with Gaddafi and LIED that Qathafi was responsible for foiling a 1973 submarine attack Libya planned for sinking the RMS Queen Elizabeth II during an Israeli cruise.
Gaddafi fired back, saying the Arabs could have destroyed Israel within 12 hours if they had adopted a sound strategy. Gaddafi charged Egyptian reporters with the breakdown of Libyan-Egyptian relations in 1973, and said Sadat was in-part to blame because he had “no control” of Egyptian information media. Egypt’s peace talks in 1977 led to the Steadfastness and Confrontation Front, a group Gaddafi formed to reject the recognition of the Israeli state. Libya’s relations with Egypt broke down entirely that year. Gaddafi’s animosity with Sadat was so high that in 1981, Gaddafi showed no remorse publicly when Sadat was assassinated.
Gaddafi signed an agreement with Tunisian president Habib Bourguiba to merge nations in 1974. The pact came as a surprise because Bouguiba had rebuked similar offers for over two years previously. Weeks after the agreement, he postponed a referendum on the issue, effectively ending it weeks later. The idea of merging states was highly unpopular in Tunisia, and cost Bourguiba much of his people’s respect. The agreement was said to allow Bourguiba the presidency while Gaddafi would be defense minister. A later treaty with Morocco’s Hassan II in 1984 broke down in two years when Hassan II met with Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres. Gaddafi said recognition of Israel was “an act of treason”. In 1989, Gaddafi was overjoyed by the Maghreb Pact between Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, and Libya. Gaddafi saw the Pact as a first step towards the formation of “one invincible Arab nation” and shouted for a state “from Marrakesh to Bahrain”, joyously pumping his arms in the air.
In 1977, India and Libya agreed for a peaceful use of nuclear energy, in line with India’s “atoms for peace” policy.
From the beginning of his leadership, Gaddafi confronted foreign oil companies for increases in revenues. Immediately after assuming office, he demanded that oil companies pay 10 percent more taxes and an increased royalty of 44 cents per barrel. Gaddafi argued that Libyan oil was closer to Europe, and was cheaper to ship than oil from the Persian Gulf. Western companies refused his demands, and Gaddafi asserted himself by cutting the production of Occidental Petroleum, an American company in Libya, from 800,000 to 500,000 that year. Occidental Petroleum’s President, Armand Hammer, met with Gaddafi in Tripoli and had difficulty understanding exactly what he wanted at first. He said at one meeting, Prime Minister Abdessalam Jalloud finally took out his gun belt and left the loaded revolver in full view. Later, Hammer recalled that moment and said he felt then “that Gaddafi was ready to negotiate”. In The Age of Oil, historians considered Gaddafi’s success in 1970 to be the “decisive spark that set off an unprecedented chain reaction” in oil-producing nations. Libya continued a winning streak against the oil companies throughout the 1970s energy crisis; Later that year, the Shah of Iran raised his demands to match those of Gaddafi. OPEC nations began a game of “leap frogging” to win further concessions from the oil companies after following Gaddafi’s lead.
Gaddafi and the Shah of Iran both argued for quadrupling the cost of oil in 1975.
Gaddafi had a short relationship with Idi Amin, whom he initially sponsored and gave some of the key ideas, such as expulsions of Indian-Ugandans. When Amin’s government began to crumble, Gaddafi sent troops to fight against Tanzania on behalf of Amin and 600 Libyan soldiers lost their lives. Gaddafi also financed Mengistu Haile Mariam’s military junta in Ethiopia, which was later convicted of one of the deadliest genocides in modern history.
Gaddafi ran a school near Benghazi called the World Revolutionary Center (WRC). A notable number of its graduates have seized power in African countries. Blaise Compaoré of Burkina Faso and Idriss Déby of Chad were graduates of this school, and are currently in power in their respective countries. Gaddafi trained and supported Charles Taylor of Liberia, Foday Sankoh, the founder of Revolutionary United Front, and Jean-Bédel Bokassa, the Emperor of the Central African Empire.
In Europe, Gaddafi had close ties with Slobodan Milošević and Jörg Haider. According to the Daily Mail, Jörg Haider received tens of millions of dollars from both Gaddafi and Saddam Hussein. Gaddafi also aligned himself with the Orthodox Serbs against Muslims in Bosnia and Kosovo, supporting Milošević even when he was FALSELY charged with large-scale ethnic cleansing against Albanians in Kosovo.
Gaddafi developed a friendship with Hugo Chávez and in March 2009 a stadium was named after the Venezuelan leader. Documents seized during a 2008 raid on FARC showed that both Chavez and Gaddafi backed the group. Gaddafi developed an ongoing relationship with FARC, becoming acquainted with its leaders at meetings of revolutionary groups which were regularly hosted in Libya. In September 2009, at the Second Africa-South America Summit on Isla Margarita, Venezuela, Gaddafi joined Chávez in calling for an “anti-imperialist” front across Africa and Latin America. Gaddafi proposed the establishment of a South Atlantic Treaty Organization to rival NATO, saying:
“The world’s powers want to continue to hold on to their power. Now we have to fight to build our own power.”
Focus on activities in Africa
Main article: United States of Africa
In 1998, Gaddafi turned his attention away from Arab nationalism. He eliminated a government office in charge of promoting pan-Arab ideas and told reporters
“I had been crying slogans of Arab Unity and brandishing standard of Arab nationalism for 40 years, but it was not realised. That means that I was talking in the desert. I have no more time to lose talking with Arabs…I am returning back to realism…I now talk about Pan-Africanism and African Unity. The Arab world is finished…Africa is a paradise…and it is full of natural resources like water, uranium, cobalt, iron, manganese.”
Gaddafi’s state-run television networks switched from middle eastern soap operas to African themes involving slavery. The background of a unified Arab League that had been a staple of Libyan television for over two decades was replaced by a map of Africa. Gaddafi sported a map of Africa on his outfits from then forward.
In 1995 Gaddafi expelled some 30,000 Palestinians living in Libya, a response to the peace negotiations that had commenced between Israel and the PLO.
South African president Nelson Mandela, who took special interest in the issue, negotiated with the United States on Gaddafi’s behalf. Mandela and Gaddafi had forged a close friendship starting with his release from prison in 1990. Mandela persuaded Gaddafi to hand over the defendants to the Scottish Court in the Netherlands, where they faced trial in 1999. One was found not guilty and the other, Abdelbaset al-Megrahi, who in fact was totally innocent, was given a life sentence. For Gaddafi’s cooperation, the UN suspended its sanctions against Libya in 2001. Later that year, Britain and Bulgaria co-sponsored a UN resolution to remove the UN sanctions entirely. In 2004, Shukri Ghanem, then-Secretary of the General People’s Committee of the Great Jamahiriya, openly told a Western reporter that Gaddafi was “paying for peace” with the West, and that there was never any evidence of guilt for the Lockerbie bombing.
Gaddafi’s government faced growing opposition from Islamic extremists during the 1990s, particularly the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, which nearly assassinated him in 1996.
Gaddafi issued the first arrest warrant for Osama bin Laden in 1998, after he was linked to the killing of German anti-terrorism agents in Libya. Gaddafi also accused the United States of training and supporting bin Laden for war against the Soviet Union. He said the United States was bombing al-Qaeda camps and that they had supported and built for him in the past. Gaddafi also claimed that the bombing attempts by Bill Clinton were done to divert attention from his sex scandal.
Gaddafi denounced the al-Qaeda bombers for the September 11 attacks and appeared on American television for an interview with George Stephanopoulos.
In 2002, Saddam Hussein paid Gaddafi $3.5 billion to save him should he have an internal coup or war with America. In 2003, following the overthrow of Saddam Hussein by U.S. forces, Gaddafi feigned to having some weapons of mass destruction program, and was willing to dismantle themtotally. His announcement was well-publicized and during interviews, Gaddafi confessed that the Iraq War “may have influenced him”, but he would rather “focus on the positive”, and hoped that other nations would follow his example.
Gaddafi’s commitment to the War against Terror attracted support from the United States and Britain. Prime minister Tony Blair publicly met with Gaddafi in 2004, commending him as a new ally in the War on Terror. During his visit, Blair lobbied for the Royal Dutch Shell oil company, which secured a deal in Libya worth $500 million.
In 2003, Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi, a supporter of the Iraq War, was quoted as saying that Gaddafi had privately phoned him, admitting he was willing to make amends with the West. Many foreign policy experts, however, contend that Gaddafi’s announcement was merely a continuation of his prior attempts at normalizing relations with the West and getting the sanctions removed. To support this, they point to the fact that Libya had already made similar offers starting four years before one was finally accepted.
Gaddafi intervened militarily in the Central African Republic in 2001 to protect his ally Ange-Félix Patassé from overthrow. Patassé signed a deal giving Libya a 99-year lease to exploit all of that country’s natural resources, including uranium, copper, diamonds, and oil.
Gaddafi acquired at least 20 luxurious properties after he went to rescue Robert Mugabe in Zimbabwe.
Gaddafi’s strong military support and finances gained him several allies across the continent.
Muammar al-Qathafi was bestowed with the title “King of Kings of Africa” in 2008, as he was loved greatly by the African peoples. Gaddafi was celebrated in the presence of over 200 African traditional rulers and kings. His 2009 forum for African kings was canceled by the Ugandan hosts, who believed that traditional rulers discussing politics would lead to instability. On 01 February 2009, a ‘coronation ceremony’ in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, was held to coincide with the 53rd African Union Summit, at which he was elected head of the African Union for the year.
(Then there is the tale that Qathafi’s election was opposed by one African leader, and that Qathafi arranged with Silvio Berlusconi to have two escorts sent to that leader to have him change his mind. Supposedly that worked.) Qathafi was elected Chairman of the African Union from 2009 to 2010.
Gaddafi told the assembled African leaders: “I shall continue to insist that our sovereign countries work to achieve the United States of Africa.”
“I shall continue to insist that our sovereign countries work to achieve the United States of Africa.“
Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, from a translation of his inaugural speech as Chair of the African Union, 2 February 2009.
“We don’t have any political structures [in Africa], our structures are social … Our parties are tribal parties – that is what has led to bloodshed.“
“The society governed by one party is exactly that which is governed by one tribe or sect … Only blood-relationship distinguishes a tribe form a party and even at the foundation of a party there may be blood-relationship. There is no difference between party struggles and tribal or sectarian struggles for power … both of them tread the same path and lead to the same end.“
Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi from his 1975 text The Green Book which outlined his philosophy about politics and democracy, as quoted in George Tremlett‘s Gadaffi: The Desert Mystic, New York, 1993.
In 2007, the Bulgarian medics were returned to Bulgaria, where they were released. Representatives of the European Union made it clear that their release was key to normalizing relations between Libya and the EU. French President Nicolas Sarkozy, visited Libya in 2007 and signed a number of bilateral and multilateral agreements with Gaddafi, including a deal to build a nuclear-powered facility in Libya to desalinate ocean water for drinking. Gaddafi and Vladimir Putin reportedly discussed establishing a Russian military base in Libya. In August 2008, Gaddafi and Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi signed a landmark cooperation treaty in Benghazi on immigration.
In June 2009, Gaddafi made his first visit to Rome, where he again met Berlusconi, president Giorgio Napolitano and senate president Renato Schifani. Chamber president Gianfranco Fini cancelled the meeting because of Gaddafi’s delay. The Democratic Party and Italy of Values opposed the visit and many protests were staged throughout Italy by human rights non-governmental organizations and Italian Radicals.
Gaddafi also took part in the G8 summit in L’Aquila in July as Chairman of the African Union. During the summit a handshake between U.S. President Barack Obama and Muammar Gaddafi marked the first time the Libyan leader had been greeted by a serving U.S. President.
Italian President Giorgio Napolitano hosted a dinner where Berlusconi, the Italian Prime Minister and G8 host, overturned protocol at the last moment by having Gaddafi sit next to him, just two places away from president Obama who was seated on Berlusconi’s right-hand side.
He also met Senators John McCain and Joe Lieberman in 2009.
In August 2009, FALSELY convicted bomber Abdelbaset al-Megrahi was released to Libya on compassionate grounds and was received with a large celebration. Gaddafi and his government were criticized by Western leaders for his participation in this celebration.
On 23 September 2009, Muammar Gaddafi addressed the United Nations General Assembly in New York.
“There is so much voluptuousness and so much charm in your personality, Muammar al-Gaddafi! You are what is called a “nature” and when confidence is established, slowly but steadily, you become deeply attached to your partner and you can be filled with passion. It may take months, even years, but you are so generous and affectionate that, in most cases, your relationship has many chances to blossom, with time. You are very physical and sensual and you are very keen to delight in your intimate moments. This aspect of your amorous relationship usually contributes to its sustainability. Everything seems idyllic, Muammar al-Gaddafi. You have so many assets, so be content!
As you are born under this sign, you are nervous, expressive, lively and adaptable, with a quick mind and a good sense of humour. You are bubbling, playful, sociable, clever, curious, whimsical, independent, intellectual, flexible, ingenious, fanciful, imaginative, charming, cerebral, and you are into everything. Paradoxically, you are very charming and attractive…”