This new image of the Commando Brigade of the Green Libyan Army:
Ali young people stationed in all fronts, ports and gates take caution of suspicious cars also inform you that the remnants of the
Liberal forbid them corner preparing for the storm of the axis of globe !
(Ben Faraj Allah)
FRIDAY JUMA BLESSINGS:
Muammar al-Qathafi with li’l Billah (Moutassem):
BOOK on Mu’ammar al-Qathafi by Carrefour Tunisia
RAT LIBYAN NEWS:
Valley Agency Dinar News:
“story was published the day before yesterday and we publish it now to confirm”
(see Ali hardness and Raof hater. These are outlaws, MB, which the GNC SPONSORS and even uses as foreign ambassadors! These are the Shield of Libya!!)
Aaaaaaaaaaaajl :: Aaaaaaaaaaaajl
Shortly before exposure official channel of Libya intense shooting by unknown assailants.
# _ Gateway to Libya
“Tomorrow Snstdei the representative of the United Nations in Libya to confirm the reports of a meeting with Representative who control someof the oil fields, as it must be stressed that the United Nations is not an intelligence service.”
Foreign oil companies announce their withdrawal from positions in Libya and some companies want to terminate contracts with the Libyan government ..
And the withdrawal of foreign companies Saatr the future to keep production at 1.6 million barrels per day of production may fall gradually with the withdrawal of foreign expertise and to stop the blind T. maintenance and expansion undertaken by these companies to maintain the level of production ..
Noteworthy mentioning that he was due in 2015 lifting of Libyan oil production to 3 million barrels, but the conditions of the revolution led to stop this plan
Or. Clock. Austrian stopped oil production in Libya because of widespread protests
Or Group announced. Clock. In Austrian oil and gas stop production in Libya after widespread protests and guards armed groups and facilities
sector workers to areas where the company operates.
A spokesman for the company, “or suspended. Clock. In production in Libya, which has not much affected by the events of the past few weeks
after the events stretched to the west of the country. Or. Clock. Monitoring the situation closely. ”
NOW FINALLY THE WATER IS FLOWING AGAIN! 02:24 SATURDAY 07 SEPT. 2013
History of the Airports in Libya:
Sixth: – Airports
And inherited Ibiabed of small airports of the Covenant Italian and World War II
It has been there Tripoli airport – Benghazi airport – and small Babrq Airport – and small Bgmams Airport and a small airport Bsabha
The use of these airports Kingdom with some minor renovations at the airport in Tripoli
Faqamt Fateh Revolution of September the following
1 – Tripoli airport has expanded and finally put him in a global tender for the expansion and construction of larger buildings to be absorbed
2 – expanded airport Benghazi became receives the all kinds of aircraft
3 – and sought Sabha and became the airport receives all kinds of aircraft
4 – and sought Abraq Airport
5 – created a new airport and a great Gmams
6 – inches Airport, a large and modern in Hun Paljfrh
7 – inches large, modern airport and can accommodate all types of aircraft in Sirte
8 – inches to a large airport and fit for all types of aircraft landing in languages
9 – established a large airport in the Wiig
10 – established a large airport in Gallo
11 – transformed the airport base (Wells) U.S. to civilian rule in the name of
12 – transformed the airport base U.S. Palo fold to civilian and military airport
13 – expanded base of Tobruk airport formerly English and became receives civil aircraft to the military side
It also paved the road for a forced landing in many areas
=== === Follows the
10سادسا :- المطارات
ورثت ليبيابعض المطارات الصغيرة من العهد الايطالي والحرب العالمية الثانيه
فلقد كان هناك مطار طرابلس – ومطار بنغازي – ومطار صغير بالابرق – ومطار صغير بغذامس ومطار صغير بسبها
وقامت المملكة باستعمال هذه المطارات مع بعض الترميمات البسيطة في مطار طرابلس
فقامت ثورة الفاتح من سبتمبر بما يلي
1- وسعت مطار طرابلس ووضعته اخيرا في عطاء عالمي لتوسيعه وتشييد مبانيه ليكون اكبر استيعاب
2- وسعت مطار بنغازي واصبح يستقبل كل انواع الطائرات3- وسعت مطار سبها واصبح يستقبل كل انواع الطائرات
4- وسعت مطار الابرق
5-انشات مطار جديد وكبير في غذامس
6-انشات مطار كبير وحديث في هون بالجفرة
7-انشات مطار كبير وحديث ويتسع لجميع انواع الطائرات في سرت
8-انشات مطار كبير ويصلح لهبوط جميع انواع الطائرات في غات
9- انشات مطار كبير في الويغ
10-انشات مطار كبير في جالو
11-حولت مطار قاعدة (هويلس ) الامريكية الى قاعدة مدنية باسم
( الشهيدة امعيتيقة )
12-حولت مطار القاعدة الامريكية بالوطية الى مطار مدني وعسكري
13-وسعت مطار قاعدة طبرق الانجليزية سابقا واصبح يستقبل الطائرات المدنية الى جانبه العسكري
كما مهدت الطرق البرية لهبوط الطائرات الاضطراري في كثير من المناطق===يتبع ===
Demonstration in front of the prime minister now in Tripoli to topple the government Zaidane:
Mosque Alchekh Almrahmom, God willing, Abdul-Wahab al-Qaisi. The ancient city of Tripoli overlooking the western side of the door of the Caribbean sea off the port of Tripoli.
Abdul-Wahab al-Qaisi God’s mercy of Sunni scholars in Tripoli died in 200 AH and was buried chamber adjacent to the mosque.
TRIPOLI old clock tower in the city
Now people Mazran Street and the first of September and the streets of the city are coming out in a demonstration after Friday prayers
06 septembre 2013 14:17
Now people street Mazran and Haiti and 24 December and the streets of the city camped after Friday prayers to protest the government’s role
Tripoli local council says that he contact the local councils, sub-city to limit the damage the storm which hit Tripoli on
Thursday evening has represented the loss of material losses and the death of 2 and 2 injured:
Images for Tajourah today:
عاااااااااااااااااااااااجل .. عااااااااااااااااااااااااجل
Building on its population fall in Shawky Tripoli Street
Interruption of electricity so far on most parts of Ain Zara, through the Arboretum and well USTA birth because of yesterday’s storm damage:
Another picture of the damage in the electricity towers that caused the interruption of electricity so far on most parts of Ain Zara, through the Arboretum
and well USTA birth because of yesterday’s storm damage:
The Almgarhh tribe apologize to the people of the capital
Water flowing now /
Channel Almgarhh on Facebook
Technical issue has become a matter for the return of water and do not like for the tribe Almgarhh including taken by engineers
and specialists procedures particular Ktfrig the pipes from the air or maintenance work necessary before returning as normal 00
It may require several days 00 مايدعى the high end and God against the subject all of this that I and the first day, but as much as God and ăÇÔÇÁ did 00
Kdrtoa Antua Chdoa in your children – Haitham El Tagoury -? What حدش capable Willem O our people and the extent all Naanwa but that God
willing Mataatkrrh and Lord set our affairs, God willing.
Almqahh Iatdhirn the Libyan people and the water flowing now, and after an hour from now,
you will reach to the capital and is now found and brought to Abouzayn tank in Gharyan.
Road closures in “Aldahara” Tripoli to condemn the water cut on capital.
Publication distributed in Green Square this evening:
منشور يوزع في ميدان الشهداء مساء هذا اليوم
بس عندي ملاحظه عليه هما اعترفو ان المؤتمر الوطني فاشل بكلامهم #باهي علاش مايطالبوش حتي هو بإسقاطه ؟؟؟!!!
وذكرو ان 200 عضو ورئيس لا يستطعون فقل خمس محلات لبيع السلاح في طرابلس
I have ČÓ note it are Aatervo of the National Congress that failed their word # Bahi علاش the Mitaliboh even drop it???!!!
And Zkro that 200 members of and not Istton the President, say five shops selling weapons in Tripoli.
# Very strange
Dozens protest Algeria Square in the capital Tripoli, demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Ali Zaidan in protest against the frequent
interruptions of electricity and water in the city:
Dozens protest Algeria Square in the capital Tripoli, demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Ali Zaidane in protest against the frequent interruptions of electricity and water in the city:
Closing the streets of the capital of Tripoli to protest against the cut, of water, gasoline and electricity
The company said General Electric that current conditions experiencing ”a significant shortfall in the supply of fuel on which they depend units electric power generation,” in addition to ”high temperatures as well as the high rate of consumption of complex iron and steel energy from the public network, which reached up to 250 MW.”
According to a communique published by the company on its official site they have to “increase the hours put loads in order to preserve the electrical grid.”
They witness it in the capital ofTripoli and other Libyan areas interruptions frequent power cuts, the impact on the daily life of citizens as well as disruption of economic activities and services. (***yes! yes! we have heard this before, this didn’t happen in the previous regime)
The citizens closed through the main artery of the street and Omar Mukhtar Street one of the main streets against the backdrop of lack of water and electricity and gasoline in Tripoli.
Libya became caught by the League of rail Tnhishha dogs they cut off the electricity, food and air conditioning, but the real revolution of the people who premature and unavoidable.
A general strike on Sunday 2013.9.8 will be performed by the people of the city of Tripoli and will prevail all across the streets of Tripoli and close to all the shops
and government institutions in protest against power cuts and water and close the fields and oil wells.
RISHVANA Bombing targets rats in the corner with rocket-propelled grenades.
Post Admin Page
Qualitative coup in the war …….. Moved from defense to attack at the hands Almgarhh ………… And now we see the state collapsing rats
Is complemented and Rishvana control Ali janzour and neighborhoods of Tripoli … Defense is not
فهل تستكمله ورشفانة بالسيطرة علي جنزور و احياء من طرابلس … وليس الدفاع
Armed robbery gang between the city of Abu appointed CNN steady and corner
Warning to citizens should take caution of the road link between Abu Issa steady and no corner armed robbery gang yesterday was the first robbery at my
cousin’s car in Abu Issa, when opens the minutes went found 8 people Afathoo a lecturer were they Alstoo in the same day.
Heavy shelling now on the globe by the so-called heroes or angle Smém the rebels uniforms Maetbi and our teacher collected Sayeh who claim he planter
sedition exists in the globe and stands firm in our young people not to respond to them until the morning.
Urgent – | Libya talk |
Elders of the tribe # Almgarhh from Shati and Chuirv went to Gharyan after evening prayers to see the reality of the matter and dissolved.
URGENT :: open water from the south and Gharyan withdraw its elements:
A source in Tripoli that the forces of the Shield Libya lifted its blockade by order of the Chiefs of Staff after the presidency asked its affiliated
groups in Gharyan return to their headquarters and barracks and open the roads to and from the south with full lines.
He also stressed the open water source in the south at full capacity and water probably will be during the day only
Said Lt. Col. Khalid Ather that the military forces carried out immediately ordered the withdrawal and Gadhirt their positions to the mountain.
Presented Khaled Ather / Presidency of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Tripoli room to manage the south.
The Almgarhh tribe apologize to the people of the capital ……………………………..
Water flowing now /
Almqahh Iatdhirn the Libyan people and the water flowing now, and after an hour from now, you will reach to the capital and is now found and brought to Abouzayn tank in Gharyan.
Exposed gate Alqdama affiliated to militias so-called Libyan army located on the road between Mizdah and Gharyan,
on Thursday, shooting by unknown assailants just as a car on their way to Tripoli. According to a source from the gate
Alqdama that a car type of Toyota Sierra Leone with three people opened fire at the gate and then fled, pointing out
that the elements of the gate responded them shooting and they Bmtarthm what resulted in a coup car and injured
someone from the smugglers and escaped in the mountains.
Gunmen prevented cargo trucks flying from north to south, from transit via Gharyan
Gharyan (Germa) – the urgent – 09/06/2013 12:30:22
Just reported to us that the gunmen prevented trucks carrying goods of various kinds and flying from north to south through Gharyan, specifically through the gate of the
“pressures of the Wind”, about 40 km away from Gharyan to the south.
And that armed elements in uniform and in possession of 7 Thunderbolt military vehicles carrying heavy weapons, such as (14.5) and Dushka they inspect and question
identities, which the owners of the south, did not mention the reasons.
Asked a passer-by in his car for small reasons did not Ijahofer the asked him if it was from the south and asked him to show his identity ‘and after he knew he was not from
the south, let him pass.
We advise owners of the tanker trucks and cargo flights to the south that they change their way, and they walked through the airport Palace bin five Gasheer –
Tarhuna – then Bani Walid – people then south to Sabha. God save Libya. Special – (Germa)
Office of Information – Gharyan Council local: –
On the tongue of a local council member Gharyan, “student Mohammed”
Strongly deny the validity of media reports through the pages of Facebook, which reported the fact that the people of Gharyan lock the roads
leading to the south and detention of cars laden with goods that go through the city to the southern cities.
Exposure the bronchial one Fathi Information severely beaten in the city of Misratah today …. This, one day after the attack on his
brother in the city of Benghazi beaten and stabbed with knives ….
Image the Ahmed Almqsba media after he was beaten yesterday by Misratah Jews ….
CYRANAICA / RAS LANAUF:
CYRENAICA WILL DEFEND HERSELF against Zaidane’s puppet Government and the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood:
Quoting the Libyan Channel Vision:
Break into the Agricultural Bank of Sidi Hussein St. in Benghazi
Group “outlaws” had stormed yesterday the Agricultural Bank area, and the group that stormed the building for the purpose of residential, injuring five members of the neighbors before Power comes from militias special operations police that wounded one of its members injured seriously during the clashes with the attackers. The city of Benghazi is witnessing in recent times under the security target figures.
Bani Walid youth are preparing for the start of Front Martyr Balzarh Mosque to the city center for the sit-in to demand the release of prisoners detained in prisons militias …
ǁ المنظمة الليبية الخضراء ۞ ǁ Organization Libyan Green
Na Bin Walid
Yally Ali looking Onkan a Look
Na let you know Nicolk of bin Walid
Ben Walid Ibladi.
My blood in the veins of static and Avada
Pink is a dream P Sahota Rviade
Is the heart of Libya Onk.c the thought
And Hlha Askorh panic Grady
Cram hospitality as if you came up with
Heat over the gall-given PO Valley
And sang them Onkan the Majrepett
Scarecrow who wronged if an club
And Ravel Rana hit Kiada the …
Canine Polisher ..
Sit the people of Bani Walid for prisoners and missing persons.
يا متفرج عيب عليك .. غدوة راهو الدور ايجيكتظاهرة أهالي بني وليد حول الاسرى والمفقودين 2013-9-6
Wayne captives O and Rafla .. Alchukoh God is humiliating.
Oh spectators shame on you .. Dop Raho role Egik
Demonstration of the people of Bani Walid about prisoners of war and missing
يا متفرج عيب عليك .. غدوة راهو الدور ايجيكتظاهرة أهالي بني وليد حول الاسرى والمفقودين 2013-9-6
Of Bani Walid comes new …….. You will see the Navy soon in Bani Walid:
Despite the tragedy that led to the sinking of the 3 children yesterday ..
Many are still expressing their joy stream valley for the second time in less than a month ……
We ask God to make them an asset to their loved ones in heaven ..
And Rishvana seven drums:
Sounded the drums of war between black and Rishvana the Hrman boys Abouhmirh note that the rats are the Corner of Daw
bombing war imposed on us and we have …Yazawah preach your mind ….
(Ben Faraj Allah)
Beginning skirmishes between Abossrh and globe light weapons.
Since few heavy weapons bombardment one hand Abossrh and wounding some houses
Post Admin Page
To and Rafla ….. not return Sheikh Muhammad Barghouti demonstrations and cheering …….. If he is still alive
Sui will not be back this.
Our correspondent from Sirte
Moroccan tribe elders who deliver wounded Alqmazfah to their families in
Abu Hadi fear of abduction by rats of Misrata
NO VACINATIONS AND NO VETS, so BREEDERS SLAUGHTER THEIR RAMS AND SHEEP:
A number of sheep breeders in Zliten killed large numbers of livestock, “sheep” in Houdaúarham.He revealed some educators cause of death hundreds of these sheep in several spur Ir various regions of Zliten as a result of outbreaks of disease bluetongue and plague in sheep and Bhzaúarham, stressing ignored the competent authorities and clear to the disaster that threatens Altherh animal in the city on their own words.
Said a breeders The Ministry of Agriculture and Livestockdid not bother to this disaster that swept the city is no longer a team to collect data about the death of a large number of animals or compensate the owners or interest in what’s left of it, pointing out that this wealth of local and must be maintained.
He asked a number of sheep breeders how to leave the Ministry of Agriculture citizens in the plight of these special and we on the verge of Eid al-Adha “?, How will the price and the price of sacrificial feast?, Pointing out that the majority of Pales and educators hit their sheep with the disease. Referred to as the disease bluetongue caused by a virus usury of virus and spread methods are made by sand flies, and direct contact with infected animals and dead bodies.
Closing market cattle Bzletn to prevent the spread of diseases
Country ambiance – Ahmed Azaaeljk reporting:
Said Director of the Office of Animal Health Bzletn Mohammed Shamis of atmosphere to the country on Friday that he has been the closure of livestock markets Bzletn on Thursday.
Shamis stressed that this is a preventive measure aimed to stop the spread of foot and mouth disease and peste des petits ruminants and bluetongue disease which has been monitoring the city, pointing out that the numbers of livestock have died without the presence of a census.
Shamis added that the numbers are not large and that there are preventive measures begin to be implemented to stop the spread of the disease Karsh disinfectant foci of disease and stop the movement of animals and to provide guidance for ranchers.
Shamis emphasized that these diseases existed since the previous period and that preventive measures will ensure non-proliferation.
It is noteworthy that this period usually witnessing the spread of such diseases transmitted by flies, according to Shamis.
(near the Tunisian border)
Accusation by a security personnel in Sousse al-Qaeda involvement behind the attack, which took place after Friday prayers
on the eastern gate of the city was on the impact of injury conditional gift Buchowh.
Clashes in the western gate of the city of Sousse between security forces and armed extremist group coming from the dirt (TUBER).
Image for Sousse gate which was attacked by militias backed rule of the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood ..
Clashes on the Libya-Chad border
Informed sources said that violent clashes taking place between the Chadian army and militias Track City near Kufra ,
according to the transfer of this source, who declined to be named, said, that the Chadian army was chasing armed
groups of Chadian opposition that were trained by Libyan government present on its territory, and they flee to the militias from the city of Kufra, clashes are still ongoing until the moment between the two parties within the Libyan border cool enough.
In compliance with the orders of the Mufti of the Fattan Antichrist Ghiryani the Brotherhood,
Gharyan closed roads leading to Sabha and prevent the transit of goods to the cities of the south
Informed the administration patrols Sabha that the armed groups of Gharyan return the 237 truck بالجرار and placed in custody also attributed the
73 trucks yesterday was headed for the path to Sabha and the cities of the south and withheld in the south of Gharyan gate forty kilometers and gate
Altmanin and gates other South Tarhuna and east to prevent the armed groups of Gharyan crossing any merchandise for the South to protest
against the cut off water to Tripoli.
In a friendly call to one of those responsible for these armed groups on the background literally told us who Etjra to cut off water for capital
goes and belongs to Chad Acharflh and trading with them.
(The Libyan news agency today)
Nile Delta Poised to Be Sunk by Sea Level Rise –
Groundwater Salinity Already a Growing Problem
photo: Kristina via flickr
Bangladesh may be the poster-child of global warming’s perfect storm — high population density, low-lying land, and an utter lack of funds for mitigation and adaptation — but a great new piece inThe Guardian really paints a vivid picture of another of the world’s great deltas, just waiting to be devastated by climate change. Author Jack Shenkerlooks at the Nile Delta and the unfolding environmental disaster there:Delta is Source of 60% of Egypt’s FoodLet’s sum it up: The Nile Delta has a population density of 4,000 people per square mile and is home to two-thirds of Egypt’s population of 83 million — that’s set to increase to 110 million in the next twenty years. The Delta is the source of 60% of Egypt’s food. The vast majority is under one meter above sea level, with some areas actually below sea level — meaning that even under conservative sea level rise predictions, by 2100 up to 20% could be entirely underwater.
Groundwater Salinity Strikes Before the Waves HitBut even today there are problems with salt water. Though sea level rise is a looming issue, increasing groundwater salinity strikes before the water itself arrives and isn’t helped by current water use trends. Shenker tours the fields of one farmer and finds:
The rich brown soil has greyed out in recent years, leaving a barren salt-encrustation on the surface. The cause is underground saltwater intrusion from the nearby coast, which pushes up through the soil and kills off roots. Coastal farmland has always been threatened by saltwater, but salinity has traditionally been kept at bay by plentiful supplies of fresh water gushing over the soil and flushing out the salt. It used to happen naturally with the Nile’s seasonal floods; after the construction of Egypt’s High Dam in the 70s (one of the most ambitious engineering projects on earth), these seasonal floods came to an end, but a vast network of irrigation canals continued to bring gallons of fresh water to the people who worked the land, the fellahin, ensuring salinity levels remained low.
Today, however, Nile water barely reaches this corner of the Delta. Population growth has sapped its energy upstream, and what “freshwater” does make it downriver is increasingly awash with toxins and other impurities. Farmers such as Maged now essentially rely on waste water – a mix of agricultural drainage and sewage – from the nearby town of Sidi Salim.
The result is plummeting fertility; local farmers say that whereas their fathers spent just a handful of Egyptian pounds on chemicals to keep the harvests bountiful, they now have to put aside between 25 and 80% of their profits for fertilizers just to keep their crops alive.
Egypt’s fight for the Nile
The issuance of a judicial decision to dissolve the Association and attended brothers Almsji and all political parties
and movements and institutions during the days of branching:
Ali Zaidane at a press conference in Cairo yesterday, Rat Libya warns Egypt against any acts of violence against the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood ..
The Brotherhood provided today Bmazepehr to overthrow the new Egyptian government.
The most important thing came in a press conference of rat Prime Minister Ali Zaidane shortly before
the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood in Libya were against me from the beginning (HaHa)
– If the government is weak ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood part of this weakness.
if there is a default or failure of government income Muslim Brotherhood bear part of this failure because they have ministries in the government, including 6
of Sports and Youth Housing and Utilities or the economy and electricity
– My visit to Egypt in order to exchange interests and not for the congratulations and blessed.
– I challenge Boukaiqis that evidence comes to accusations of government, and We shall provide a complaint against him with the Attorney General.
Prepare our CD with all what Mr. Mohamed Boukaiqis and tomorrow I will give it a complaint to the Attorney General. Because his word is true and must be held
accountable for every word uttered in the right of the government. We will ask the Attorney General to investigate accusations Muhammad Boukaiqis (president of the Libyan anti-corruption) and take the necessary action on them
– Not understanding with cut electricity and water. (?????)
– A statement of the ruling MB Justice and Construction came in sharp language, and in order to describe the Prime Minister as “stupid”.
– We were not against Egypt, when Brotherhood Morsi was president, has met with him and his Prime Minister Hisham Qandil, more than four times. (!!!!)
Picture of the Egyptian army which is raising the green flag raises debate in Libya
A number of members of the Egyptian army waving the Green flag during a visit by Ali Zaidan to Cairo
Sprung up recently on social networking sites new image shows a number of members of the Egyptian army waving the
Green flag “the science of the Great Jamahiriya”, according to these activists image Mokhodh during Prime Minister’s Ali Zaidane visit to Cairo.
26 AUGUST 2002LAKE CHAD:
Lake Chad used to be the sixth largest lake in the world. Now it has shrunk to a mere one-tenth of its former size.
90% of its water comes from Chari River.
The average quantity of water flowing in the Chari has declined by half.As a result of the degradation of the lake’s environment, the inhabitants have stopped raising cows and camels. Instead, they now herd sheep and goats. This resulted in a severe degradation of the vegetation cover and the wood-producing trees.The surface area of the lake surface has shrunk from 25000 square kilometers to only 2000.The life of more than 20 million people depends on Lake Chad. This number will double within a quarter of a century. So will the number of the eight million people who currently live directly on the Lake.In order to save Lake Chad, there is an urgent need to complete the construction of the Palembo Dam on the Opanghi River. Thus, the Opanghi and the Chari rivers will be connected to each other. The waters of the Opanghi will flow into the Chari. A great deal of work is also required to combat the sands threaten to block the flow of the Chari River. Such work far exceeds the capacity of the countries concerned. As such, it requires international action and assistance.I place this problem before the Johannesburg Conference.
Portrait of the Libyan leader Muammar Abu Minyar al-Qathafi during the World Islamic Conference.
TCHAD, N’DJAMENA-3/02/2000: Portrait du leader Libyen Mouammar Abu Minyar Kadhafi lors de la Conference Islamique Mondiale.
The US supported Chad regime to counter Gaddaffi
Ibrahim Kane, a Senegalese human rights activist, said Chad’s current rulers:
“were working with Habre so it was really difficult for them to try him in his own country,
Muammar Gaddafi, among other African leaders, was in Chad last year trying to mediate a peace treaty.
He encouraged immigration from sub-Saharan countries such as Chad and Niger to Libya.
Photograph: Sabri Elmhedwi/EPA
Most of the interest centers on a piece of land in Northern Chad called the Aouzou Strip which is rich in uranium and other rare minerals. the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA formed an alliance with the government of Goukouni Wedeye who allowed some Libyans to occupy the strip; but in 1982 Wedeye was overthrown by Hissene Habre who was backed by the CIA and by French troops.
Hebre’s was a extremely brutal regime. During the eight years of his leadership some 40,000 people were estimated to have died in detention or executed. Human Rights Watch observed:
“Under President Reagan, the United States gave covert CIA paramilitary support to help install Habre in order, according to secretary of state, Alexander Haig, to ‘bloody Gadafi’s nose’”.
Bob Woodward wrote in Veil that the Chadian coup was William Casey’s first covert operation as head of the CIA.
During the years following Habre’s coup, the People’s Army of the Great Jamahiriya (seeing what was happening just below their border) decided they could not just stand-by and watch the slaughter continue by the forces of the Chad government, the Yankees’ intervention and support of Habre, the evil CIA and French intelligence. Repeated clashes with Chad/American Forces were inevitable. In March 1987, a volunteer force of some 600-700 Libyan soldiers, under the command of General Khalifa Hftar was captured and imprisoned.
In 1990 French troops helped to oust Habre and installed Idriss Debry to replace him, after François Mitterend had Mu’ammar al-Qathafi negotiate a treaty with Chad. According to one account, the French had grown weary of Habre’s genocidal policies while the new resident in the White House, George H W Bush did not have the same interest as Reagan had in using Chad as a proxy to damage Mu’ammar al-Qathafi (even though the Libyan leader formed an alliance and sound treaty with Debry).
Following the fall of Habre, Mu’ammar al-Qathafi, in his treaty, firmly demanded that the new government hand over Hftar’s men… But, instead Debry allowed the Americans to fly them to Zaire. There Libyan officials were given access to the men and about half agreed to return to Libya.
When US financial aid offered to Zaire for giving ‘the rebels’ refuge failed to materialise, they were expelled and sent to Kenya.
Eventually the Kenyans said the men were no longer welcome and the United States agreed to bring them to America where they were admitted to the US refugee programme.
A State Department spokesman said the men would have “access to normal resettlement assistance, including English-language and vocational training and, if necessary, financial and medical assistance.” According to one report the remnants of Hftar’s Army were dispersed to all fifty states.
These remaining ‘Libyans’ were ‘conditioned’ by American personel (brainwashed) and bribed into working for the USA, where they would be trained to overthrow the GREAT JAMHIRIYA.
Details of what happened are scant; but, the Washington Post reported from Egypt on 26 March 1991, that travelers from Libya had spoken of “unrest today in Jabal Akhdar mountains of eastern Libya and said armed rebels may have joined escaped prisoners in an uprising against the government….and that its leader is Col. Khalifa Hftar, of a contra-style group based in the United States called the Libyan National Army, the travelers said.”
The report continued: “The travelers, whose accounts could not be confirmed independently, said they heard that the death toll had risen to 23 in five days of fighting between security forces and rebels, including men who escaped from Benghazi prison thursday and then fled into the eastern mountains.”
What part the CIA played in the failed uprising and whether the then US president, Bill Clinton had given the operation his approval are not known. By coincidence or not, three months later, the lie was spread that ‘al-Qathafi’s forces killed some 1200 political prisoners being held in Tripoli’s Abu Salim jail.’ It was the arrest of the lawyer representing many of the prisoners’ families that the CIA used to spark the ’17 February /CIA / NATO uprising against the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA, and in particular, AGAINST Mu’ammar al-Qathafi, and with it, the return of Khalifa Hftar, [whom the CIA did not know, had already reconciled with Mu’ammar al-Qathafi…and who was happy to work (undercover) with General al-Fateh Younis, to help stop the West’s immoral plans against the Great Jamahiriya].
(al-Fattah YOUNES and HFTAR were not against Mu’ammar al-Qathafi at all…That is why JALIL and NATO, USA and BRITAIN hate / hated them..and killed YOUNES, and tried the same with HFTAR. PLEASE READ and I no longer want to hear the complaints…) Mu’ammar’s telephone conversation with Hftar’s son on 18 March 2005: reconcilliation. https://theorbo1.wordpress.com/2015/03/16/the-sewer-rats-continue-to-powder-cover-their-dirty-works/
Kadhafi urges Darfur rebel to rejoin peace talks
Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi called Monday for Sudanese rebel leader Khalil Ibrahim – who is currently being sheltered by Tripoli – to return to Qatari-brokered peace talks.
“I call on my brother Khalil to rejoin the Doha negotiations because there is no other option but to enter the peace process,” Kadhafi told RFI in an exclusive interview.
Ibrahim is the head of the Justice and Equality Movement [JEM], the most heavily armed group in the Darfur region. He has been in Libya since May 19, after he was turned back by authorities in Chad as he sought to enter Darfur.
The JEM suspended peace talks at the start of May involving Qatar, the African Union and the United Nations, and resumed hostilities.
Libya’s decision to shelter Ibrahim has angered Khartoum, which has sought his extradition and asked Interpol’s help in arresting him.
Kadhafi said the presence of Ibrahim was a “dilemma” for Tripoli, adding that he had been banned from giving orders or issuing statements while in the country.
“I am not protecting one party against another, my role is not to protect but to make a reconciliation between all the parties involved,” said Kadhafi.
Kadhafi said a meeting had taken place in Libya between Ibrahim and Chad’s President Idriss Deby Itno, without giving further details.
CHAD DAFUR VIDEO 20 JULY 2010
- theguardian.com, Wednesday 21 September 2011 13.35 BST
“During the 1990s, I remember Gaddafi appearing on Arabic satellite television regularly, expanding on the merits of his newfound loyalty to Africa and pushing his vision of a “United States of Africa”.
It says a lot about north African Arab leaders that Gaddafi is the only one to have reached out to black Africa in any tangible way.
Mu’ammar al-Qathafi befriended the African tribes in the west of Sudan along the border with Chad, and, more recently, the south of Sudan. This is where the dysfunctional relationship with Africa begins.
As a dark-skinned, Arabic-speaking Sudanese woman, I had a much easier time integrating, living and studying in Egypt than I did in Kenya, because of the cultural and linguistic commonalities.
But is it realistic to expect north Africa to engage with the south? If there are few common denominators, why would these countries have any more affinity with Africa than, say, Saudi Arabia or Yemen? If neighbourly and international co-operation was predicated only upon shared characteristics the world would be a far more dangerous and less prosperous place.
But in his “United States of Africa” (Mu’ammar al-Qathafi), there is a kernel of something. Increased co-operation between Arab countries and their African neighbours shouldn’t be encouraged to make a political point or to indulge in one-upmanship, or to create some anti-imperialism counterweight based on a fabricated commonality, but because it is healthy and a sign of maturity.
Being African is not about racial or cultural identity – it is about mutually beneficial, geographical solidarity.”
by annunaki » Mon 02 August 2010 10:54 am from Fresno, California, USA
Sudan is the largest country in Africa. It is a member of the Arab League and also considered the largest Arab state. But is the country Arab?
Sudan is pretty unique, in that it is a 21st century example of how minority can seize control and force their iron-fist rule on the majority population.
Sudan is 52% Blacks and 39% Arabs, but the country is ruled by the Arabs, not by democratic means but through swords. The Arab government of Sudan knows the instability of a minority rule, just like how the White regime in apartheid South Africa did and eventually fell last time.
Hence they tried to come up with a number of subjugation ideas, first they decided to Arabize the Blacks and then grouped them into ‘Black Arabs’ (second-class Arabs that is) so to officialize Arab majority in Sudan, but most of the Blacks did not want that. They prefer to maintain their own ancestral heritage and culture, and are proud of their natural identity.
The Arab government in Sudan becomes paranoid, what if one day the Blacks put up a revolt? They have the demographics number and advantages to take control of the central government. Sudan would then become a Black country instead of Arab.
So they planned another strategy, that is… genocide the Blacks into minority.
The Arabs then move on to massacre the Blacks, hoping to down them and pump up the Arabs as majority group in Sudan. However, such crimes cannot be covered up forever, the world soon came to know the genocide in Darfur. Sudan was slapped by sanctions and its Arab leader, Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir, became the first still-in-power president to be indicted by International Court as war criminal.
By the time the genocide surfaced, 300,000 blacks had been killed and over 2.8 million displaced, ready to cross into neighboring countries as refugees. If they did crossed, which the Sudan government would like to see, the Arab population would increase to 42%, and Blacks fall to 47%, bringing the gap nearer.
an elderly woman lays a stick beside where her home and village used to be before being burnt down by the arabs
massacre survivors message to international community, pasted on the wall in UN refugee camps.
burning of tribal villages, the arabs must be pulled up to over 50%
Though now there is much more international awareness, the works is not done yet, for the Arabs, they must not lose Sudan. Sudan is Africa’s third largest oil producer, a valuable asset. Sudan government’s priority remains unchanged, the Arabs must rule and always be the superior dominant race, they must be made higher than 50%, this must be done before other Black countries grow stable enough to focus on Black nationalism in Sudan.
Photos of the Aral Sea taken in Kazakhstan in 2006
Aral Sea Ecological Disaster
Uzbekistan – Oct. 2008
Sea in Kazakhstan
The Aral Sea in Central Asia is a saltwater lake located between 43 ° and 46 ° north latitude and between 58 ° and 62 ° east longitude, near the village of Aralsk
The Aral Sea has been steadily shrinking, especially since the 1960’s due to the diversion of the rivers that flow into it by the former Soviet Union. The situation is so bad that in some places, the shoreline has recede more than 100km from where it used to be. Fishing villages now lie in barren desert wasteland and the fish stocks are gone. Frequent dust storms carry polluted, toxic dust across the region and the local climate has even shifted without the water’s moderating properties resulting in scorchingly hot summers and brutally cold winters.
“It sounded like an interesting place to see where man has interfered with the course of nature so I just had to go there.”
Muammar al-Qathafi speaks at the Earth Summit 26 August 2002 in JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA on the ARAL SEA:
The Aral Sea used to be the fourth largest inland body of water in the world. Now it ranks eighth.
The irrigation needs used to be for three million hectares. Now the requirements are for eight million hectares.
The water discharged into the Aral Sea from the Syr Darya and Amu Darya rivers has decreased from 60 cubic kilometers to zero.
The productivity of fields south of Aral Sea has seriously deteriorated. The deterioration is the result the salt deposits carried by the strong North-East winds and the increased salinity resulting from evaporation and poor drainage.
The plant and animal life in the north of the Delta of the Amu Darya River has suffered a serious deterioration as a result of increased salinity and lack of water.
The deteriorating drainage work has led to the rise of the water table and a three-fold increase in salinity.
The aged irrigation networks have caused 80% of the water to be wasted.
Waters depth has decreased from 70 meters to 12 meters.
The sea was 10 km far, now it has retracted to 70 km.
The surface area has shrunk from 64000 km2 to 30000 km2.
50 lakes have dried up in the Delta of the Amu Daria River.
Arable land has shrunk from 550 thousand hectares to 20 thousand hectares.
The Aral Sea has fragmented into three separate, highly-saline lakes.
Aral Sea used to play the role of a natural air-conditioner that blocked the cold winds coming from Siberia in winter and cooled the air in summer.
Its climatic efficiency was destroyed. The climate of the area has become more continental. Summers are much hotter and rainless. Winters are long and harshly cold. The growth season was shortened thus threatening the cotton agriculture.
The Aral seabed, which covers three million hectares, has become exposed to the winds which transfer its salts and destructive residue of insecticides to the surrounding areas. More than 70 million metric tons of salts and destructive insecticide residues have accumulated on those lands. Wind-blown, they have reached Byelorussia thousands of kilometers away.
The excessive drawing of water has turned Mionak into a peninsula.
Commercial fishing has come to a halt. Consequently, 3000 fishermen and tens of thousands of people have lost their livelihood. They used to harvest more than 20 species of fish. Only four species remain. The fish stocks were estimated at 50 thousand tons. Now, the estimate has declined to a mere 3000 tons. Only 250 fishermen remain active. The production of the farm-raised Mink fur has all but disappeared.
The economic activity related to fish canning has been suspended. Production has declined from 30 million to only 4 million. The canneries now import fish from the Baltic Sea whose production has also declined.
In addition to the economic catastrophe resulting from the degradation of the Aral Sea, there is also a very serious health disaster resulting from the pollution of water and agricultural products. Drinking water and vegetables have been seriously polluted. The amount of toxic minerals, salts and insecticides in them has increased dramatically. This caused the increase in the rate of maternal and infant mortality to 120 per 100,000 and 60 per thousand infants.
Kidney and liver diseases as well as cancer, thyroid gland and joints inflammation diseases have increased 40 to 60 fold. The lead and zinc rate have increased in women’s blood. The number of women suffering from anemia has increased by 80%. Deaths rate has reached 100 per thousand. The medical studies forecast that a whole nation living in that area will disappear in the span of one generation, unless the world takes some serious action to save them by saving the Aral Sea.
Billions cubed meters of polluted sewage waters pour in the Amu Daria River. The studies say that within ten years the whole area will become an arid desert. Thus we will have reached the point of no-return.
I place this urgent humanitarian issue before the Johannesburg Summit.
The Aral Sea Crisis
The Aral Sea is situated in Central Asia, between the Southern part of Kazakhstan and Northern Uzbekistan. Up until the third quarter of the 20th century it was the world?s fourth largest saline lake, and contained 10grams of salt per liter. The two rivers that feed it are the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers, respectively reaching the Sea through the South and the North. The Soviet government decided in the 1960s to divert those rivers so that they could irrigate the desert region surrounding the Sea in order to favor agriculture rather than supply the Aral Sea basin. The reason why we decided to explore the implications up to today of this human alteration of the environment is precisely that certain characteristics of the region, from its geography to its population growth, account for dramatic consequences since the canals have been dug. Those consequences range from unexpected climate feedbacks to public health issues, affecting the lives of millions of people in and out of the region.
By establishing a program to promote agriculture and especially that of cotton, Soviet government led by Khrouchtchev in the 1950s deliberately deprived the Aral Sea of its two main sources of water income, which almost immediately led to less water arriving to the sea. Not only was all this water being diverted into canals at the expense of the Aral Sea supply, but the majority of it was being soaked up by the desert and blatantly wasted (between 25% and 75% of it, depending on the time period). The water level in the Aral Sea started drastically decreasing from the 1960s onward. In normal conditions, the Aral Sea gets approximately one fifth of its water supply through rainfall, while the rest is delivered to it by the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers. Evaporation causes the water level to decrease by the same amount that flows into the Sea, making it sustainable as long as inflow is equal to evaporation on average. Therefore the diversion of rivers is at the origin of the imbalance that caused the sea to slowly desiccate over the last 4 decades.
Level of salinity rose from approximately 10g/l to often more than 100g/l in the remaining Southern Aral. Salinity of the rivers varies with place and time, as well as through the seasons. When going through the desert, rivers often collect some salt compounds residues in the ground that result in higher salinity, but may well be lowered again after going through irrigated lands. Dams also affect salinity, notably by reducing its variability with the seasons. Smaller lakes within the Aral Sea that have stopped being fed by river flows tend to have higher salinity due to evaporation, causing some or all fishes that either survived or had been reintroduced in the 1990s to die. Even re-watering those lakes does not compensate for the increased salinity over the years. In 1998, water level was down by 20m, with a total volume of 210km3 compared to 1,060km3 in 1960.
Most of the changes in climate and landscape in the Aral Sea basin that we are about to explore are at the least indirect products of Human induced changes. While we must remember at all times that society is responsible for the crisis that has unfolded in and around the Aral, the point we want to make is that most of the actual changes that have afflicted the Sea since the 1960s are the result of our environment’s reaction to the stresses society has imposed on it. Thus, the difficulty lies as much in understanding the way climate and other natural systems function as in being capable of weighing the potential consequences of our actions before we undertake them. Risk assessment combined with scientific understanding should undercut our actions more efficiently; adding an ethical dimension to the equation remains more than welcome in addition to those more accessible and quantifiable factors, but is too fragile to be the centerpiece on which our decisions rely before we commit to large scale actions which can often, as we are about to see, engender even larger responses from our environment.
Photograph by Philip Micklin
Barracks crumble at an old Soviet air base near Aralsk in Kazakhstan in September, 2005. The air base, important during the Soviet-Afghan war in the 1980s, was abandoned after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Aralsk was once a major port and railroad hub on the Aral Sea, where fish caught […]
Photograph by Philip Micklin
Locomotive Rock, seen here from the Ust-Urt Plateau on the western side of the South Aral Sea in September of 2005, used to be mostly underwater.
Before the Aral Sea receded, Kazakh fishermen would climb the rock and leave fish as an offering for a good catch, said Micklin.
Once the fourth-largest inland sea in the world, the Aral shrank to one-tenth of its original volume in a few decades after the rivers that fed it were diverted to irrigation projects. The water level of the North Aral Sea is now increasing after a dam was built to help re-capture the Syr Darya, which feeds the sea from the north.
An entire sea dried up . . .
Within the past century large scale irrigation projects have led to the disappearance of many inland bodies of water across the world, destroying entire ecosystems as they’ve been diminished. These loses have had drastic effects on larger ecosystems as well as inland bodies of water are essential for water supply and fishing. The Aral Sea is a particularly disturbing example of the current issue.The Aral Sea Tragedy
The Aral Sea is located in modern day Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, or was located there. Before the Aral Sea had shrunk into three small lakes, it was the fourth largest inland salt-water body. In the twentieth century the Soviet Union began to irrigate from rivers that fed the sea for farming purposes without any speculation as to what could result from diverting the Aral Sea’s water supply. This cut in the water supply to the sea has caused its levels to drop dramatically destroying the great fishery that was once located there as well as the means for the success of a civilization that surrounds the sea. Also nearby farmlands have been ruined by the use of salt water as well as the land where the seabed once was.How We Can Fix It
The disappearance of this endorheic lake like many other inland bodies of water could have been prevented through environmental education and cooperation between civil and environmental engineers and environmental scientists. Lessons can be learned from this particular case as well as other cases involving irrigation projects and dams in order to prevent the destruction of inland lakes in the future. Civil Engineers today are beginning to consider environmental consequences much more than in previous years. However future large-scale projects will have to be orchestrated with the cooperation of civil engineers, environmental engineers, and environmental scientists. These projects must be designed while taking the histories of previous projects and each project’s consequences into serious consideration.References:Conant, Eve. “A Sea of Misery.” (Aral Sea water receding)(Brief Article)(Statistical Data Included). Newsweek International, September 2, 2002. Copyright 2009.Ibragimov, Leonid. “Aral Sea 4.” http://www.orexca.com/images/fotogallery/img_full/aral-sea4.jpg. OrexCA. Date Visited February 8, 2010Qadir, Manzoor, et al. “Salt-induced land and water degradation in the Aral Sea basin: A challenge to sustainable agriculture in Central Asia.” Natural Resources Forum 33.2 (2009): 134-149. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 8 Feb. 2010.
Salt-induced land and water degradation in the Aral Sea basin: A challenge to sustainable agriculture in Central Asia.How We Can Fix It: References and Articles for further Interest
Cai, Ximing. “Implementation of holistic water resources-economic optimization models for river basin management – Reflective experiences.” Environmental Modelling & Software 23.1 (2008): 2-18. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 8 Feb. 2010.
Implementation of holistic water resources-economic optimization models for river basin management – Reflective experiences
Heng, Liu, et al. “Restoration of Pastureland Ecosystems: Case Study of Western Inner Mongolia.” Journal of Water Resources Planning & Management 131.6 (2005): 420-430. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 8 Feb. 2010.
Restoration of Pastureland Ecosystems: Case Study of Western Inner Mongolia.
McDonnell, Rachael A. “Challenges for Integrated Water Resources Management: How Do We Provide the Knowledge to Support Truly Integrated Thinking?.” International Journal of Water Resources Development 24.1 (2008): 131-143.Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 8 Feb. 2010.
Challenges for Integrated Water Resources Management: How Do We Provide the Knowledge to Support Truly Integrated Thinking?
Aral Sea Recovery?
Photograph courtesy Philip Micklin
for National Geographic magazine
Published 02 April 2010
This story is part of a special series that explores the global water crisis. For more clean water news, photos, and information, visit National Geographic’s Freshwater Web site.
One Sunday afternoon in Kazakhstan last August, three dozen fishermen met near the south end of the North Aral Sea for a celebration. They brought goats, sheep, and fish—pike, perch, and carp—as well as apples, a special treat in the Central Asian steppe. They drank beer and vodka, and the mayor awarded medals to the previous season’s best fishermen. The men had running races and throwing contests, and afterwards, they relaxed by smoking cigarettes, telling stories, and singing songs about the Aral Sea and fishing and how much they loved both.
For many years, the Aral—the infamous inland sea-turned-desert, the one historians and environmental scientists still place among the worst ecological disasters ever—gave these men nothing to celebrate. The fishery died in the 1980s, after the Soviet government drained the sea to feed thirsty cotton fields planted in the inhospitable landscape surrounding it. Once a colossal geographic feature—at 26,000 square miles (67,300 square kilometers), it was the fourth largest inland water body on earth in terms of surface area—the Aral shrank to hold just one-tenth of its original volume, becoming a tragic shadow of itself. Its fish died, the most successful fishermen left and those who remained began to starve.
But with help from the Kazakh government, and scientists, the northern part of the Aral has started to make a recovery. There are fish in the water again, and for the past four years, fishermen have gathered at this spot to celebrate. “People had written off the Aral Sea,” says University of Michigan geographer Philip Micklin, a National Geographic grantee who has been studying the sea since the 1980s and still visits every few years. “Nature can come back.” But defining recovery in a place so deeply altered is a complicated proposition.
Back to the Source
The Amu Darya—historically, the Oxus—is the longest river in Central Asia, stemming from the snowcapped Hindu Kush, and twisting north through 1,500 miles of harsh steppe before fanning into a delta at the south end of the Aral Sea. That’s how it used to work, at least. In the 1960s, the Soviet Union built huge farms in the perennially arid steppe, digging long canals to water them By 1965, the Amu Darya stretched across seven million acres (three million hectares) of wheat and cotton, two of the planet’s thirstiest crops. The river’s flow fell drastically, from 28,000 cubic feet per second (793 cubic meters) to just 5,500 cubic feet (156 cubic meters).
Eventually, the Amu Darya receded from the Aral, and it now ends at a dam, about 70 miles (110 kilometers) away. (The Syr Darya, the river that feeds the Aral’s north end, also suffered from irrigation, but has maintained a tenuous connection to the sea).
When the farm boom began in the 1960s, the Aral had a commercial fishery that brought in more than 40,000 tons of fish each year, hauled from the sea by ships more than a hundred feet long. Thousands of fishermen worked the Aral, and others found jobs in processing plants, canneries and railroad yards, where train cars full of fish left daily for markets in Moscow. There were 19 villages and two cities on the sea—about 40,000 people lived in Muynak, in the south, and twice as many in Aralsk, in the north. But as the Aral shrank—to about half its original size by the mid-1980s—it receded from the harbors, forcing the fishermen first to extend their ports with deep canals, and later to use helicopters to get their catch to the processing plants on special occasions.
A Human and Environmental Health Crisis
Worse, in the early 1980s, the fish disappeared. As less freshwater entered from the rivers, the Aral, which had always been brackish, became increasingly salty. Salinity climbed from 10 to 30 grams per liter, almost as briny as the ocean. All 24 species of native fish vanished, and almost overnight, the fishing industry collapsed. The most skilled fishermen abandoned their ships on sandbars as the Soviet government transferred them to other fisheries on the Caspian and Baltic seas. In some places the rusty ships remain, grim reminders of how quickly the industry dissolved.
The people who were left behind struggled to feed themselves in a landscape that had turned suddenly hostile. At full size, the Aral had acted as a giant climate buffer, and as it shrank, the summers got hotter and the winters colder. Left behind was a salt flat close to 200 miles (300 kilometers) wide, infused with pesticides from decades of agricultural run-off. Every few weeks, violent dust storms kicked hundreds of tons of salt, sand, and chemicals into the air, and into people’s lungs. Throat cancer and respiratory disease became common, and with no reliable protein source in the absence of fish, thousands became anemic. Infant mortality rose to 60 in 1,000, then the highest in the Soviet Union.
In the late 1980s, as its people continued to suffer, the Aral split in two, becoming what’s now known as the North Aral—small but moderately deep—and the South Aral, whose deep western side and shallow eastern side have separated into two distinct water bodies.
From Wasteland to “a Place for Pleasure”
After the Soviet Union collapsed and Kazakhstan became independent in 1991, glimmers of hope appeared for the North Aral’s recovery. The mayor of the town of Aralsk followed scientists’ advice and built a makeshift dam, isolating it from the South Aral and retaining the entirety of the Syr Darya’s meager discharge. The dam had collapsed several times, and two men had been killed—but during the years that the dam stood, the North Aral had crept up. “That dam,” says Joop Stoutjesdijk, the World Bank officer assigned to the Aral region, “showed us that something could be done.”
By 2005 the World Bank and the government of Kazakhstan had designed and built a permanent eight-mile (13-kilometer) dam intended to raise the North Aral by about 13 feet (four meters), several feet shy of the level needed to refill Aralsk’s harbor, but deep enough to drop salinity and allow native fish to repopulate the sea. The $85 million project also improved irrigation structures upriver from the Aral.
Stoutjesdijk had guessed the water wouldn’t rise to the top of the dam for another five years, but within eight months, it was pouring over the spillway. The North Aral grew by 20 percent, and today salinity is at 14 grams per liter, not far from 1960 levels. Soon native plants, stifled for years by the saltwater, began to sprout, and migrating birds like pelicans, flamingos, and ducks again began to visit the Aral. Nowadays, “It’s a paradise for birds,” says Russian Academy of Sciences zoologist Nick Aladin, who has been studying the Aral since the 1970s. “It’s a place for pleasure, and it’s an enormous victory.”
“For Now, They Will Fish”
Most importantly, though, freshwater fish like pike, perch and carp, which took refuge in the Syr Darya, have returned to the Aral, and in 2008 fishermen caught roughly 1,500 tons (1,360 metric tons) of them. Mostly, the men are selling locally, but they have shipped some fish to Russia and Georgia. Two fish processing plants operate in Aralsk and a third, with a capacity of 6,000 tons a year, is under construction. Middle-aged men and women who left the region when they were young are starting to return for the fishing, and they’re building houses. Billboards announcing the Aral’s return stand beside a new hotel.
But vast parts of the Aral have been lost forever. Micklin, the Aral geographer, says he checks online satellite photography of the sea routinely—and he fears the shallow eastern basin of the South Aral, which has shrunk drastically since it detached several years ago from the Amu Darya, may finally dry up completely this summer.
To be sure, progress has been limited, but the president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, has said he hopes Aralsk can become a tourist destination. In 2008 he stood on the dam near the town and committed to a five-year, $250 million project that will guide the North Aral, still 12 miles (20 kilometers) away from the city, back to the harbor through an elaborate system of locks and dams. The World Bank will help, but most of the cost will fall on the government, which happens to be flush with cash from its oil fields: Kazakhstan is expected to double oil output and become one of the world’s top 10 oil-producing countries by 2020. With the government’s help, some say the water could bring more than just fish to the city. Locals imagine hotels, cafes, and nightclubs.
But Stoutjesdijk is skeptical of bold claims about Aralsk’s recovery: “I don’t see people coming from Almaty to start businesses or to swim in the Aral Sea.” He says recovery will come slowly, and the progress of the fishermen suggests that’s true. According to Zhannat Makhambeto, a Kazakh who helps organize the local fishermen, there are only a couple hundred people fishing commercially, and of them, only a handful are doing it full-time. In a place where the most valuable fish—say, a hearty pike-perch—might be worth just 50 cents after expenses, even the professionals are barely scraping by. Similarly, Makhambeto says the four processing plants in Aralsk together employ only about a dozen people. Aralsk may have more fish today than it did a decade ago, but it’s still one of the poorest places in Kazakhstan.
Nonetheless, while their president talks about attracting tourists to the city, Aralsk’s fishermen are relishing the simple pleasure of casting their nets. “For now,” Stourjesdijk says, “they will fish.” And for now, fishing is plenty.
TUNISIA / ALGERIA:
Aaaaaaaaaaaajl .. Aaaaaaaaaaagel
Abu Ayaz and Mokhtar Belmokhtar in Libya and news about Skip Athma terrorist operations in Algeria and Tunisia.
Security source confirmed the beginning of the morning newspaper and as stated in one of the articles of the day Friday, September 6, 2013 that Saif Abdullah Bin Hussein nicknamed Papi Ayaz Tunisian fled from Tunisia by several Lhasa after a cross-border land , adding that the father of Ayaz required number one on the list of classified Ministry Interior terrorists grouped under what is known as Ansar al Sharia is now in Libya.
The same source added that Saif Abdullah bin Hussein , a solid relationship with Ba Libyan Abdel Karim Belhaj who Iqar , not as it is believed they met in Afghanistan for jihad in 1988, which justifies Abu Ayaz test for Libya to escape and disguise .
Media reports also revealed that the Algerian Mokhtar Belmokhtar Prince battalion ” undersigned blood ” before moving in the desert of Libya , adding that Mokhtar Belmokhtar required number one Algerian security on a mission to acquire weapons and recruit new terrorist elements in Algeria and Tunisia.
Faced with this data , some informed Tunisian security sources suggest the possibility of a meeting Mokhtar Belmokhtar Abu Ayaz on Libyan territory in order to respond to the planning Tunisian government’s decision Ansar al-Sharia rating as a terrorist organization , but other security sources ruled out such meetings .
MEMORIES OF EVIL NATO:
- By Chris Hughes
Libya: Colonel al-Qathafi has £1million ‘dead or alive’ bounty placed on his head
Colonel al-Qathafi had a £1million “dead or alive” bounty placed on his head yesterday.
Colonel al-Qathafi had a £1million “dead or alive” bounty placed on his head yesterday.
“The NTC supports the initiative of businessmen who are offering two million dinars – or £1million – for the capture of al-Qathafi, dead or alive.”
GREAT JAMAHIRIYA loyalists, however, launched rocket and mortar attacks on several rebel-held areas in Tripoli, including the Bab al-Aziziyah compound close to the Rixos hotel where foreigners are staying.
al-Qathafi called for residents to “cleanse” the capital of insurgents.
But the transitional puppet-“governmen”t in Benghazi was already on the move to the capital to take over as heads of the new Libya.
Asked by Channel 4 news if a negotiated settlement or safe passage from Libya for al-Qathafi were still possible, Foreign Minister Abdul Ati al-Obeidi said:
“It looks like things have passed this kind of solution.”
al-Qathafi’s remaining forces were said to be heading for his home town of Sirte, raising fears of a bloody final showdown with the rebels.
As many as 400 people have been killed and 2,000 wounded during the past four days of fighting in Tripoli.
And hostile fire around the city centre signalled the six-month CIA-led 17 FEBRUARY “uprising” had not yet completely triumphed.
But rebel council chief Mr Abdel-Jalil, who was an uncover planted CIA-spy with the Great Jamahiriya as Chief appointed Judge, warned the fight was not over. He said: “Until Gaddafi and his sons are captured, we will not rest.”
Pro-Gaddafi forces yesterday launched counter-attacks throughout the capital, forming a “rearguard action” amid rumours that al-Qathafi fled to one of his various boltholes.
The hunt for him took a bizarre turn after the sound of chickens squawking was heard in an audio tape he had released led to opposition fighters believing Gaddafi was holed
up in a southern Tripoli farmhouse, spark-ing violent firefights between rebel forces and loyalists. Defiantly, he had reiterated he would fight until “death or martyrdom”.
He demanded Libyans “eradicate the traitors and rats”, warning:
“They will slaughter you and desecrate your bodies.”
NATO say “He has plenty of places to hide”.
Opponents were convinced he was in the Bab al-Aziziya compound until they stormed it on Tuesday.
Rebel army spokesman Colonel Ahmed Bani said: “There are so many rat holes in Tripoli. We are searching for him in the holes.”
The whereabouts of two of al-Qathafi’s sons, military commanders Khamis and Muatassim, are also unknown.
Experts say the two most likely places he is hiding in are Sirte and Sabha. Gaddafi’s birthplace Sirte, where he has a huge Mediterranean coastal home,
[NOTE: The home is NOT his; it belongs to his son, Dr. Billah Moutassem.]
is a heavily fortified city filled with hundreds of heavily armed supporters.
However, some 400 miles south of Tripoli lies Sabha, where his military and air force munitions are based.
If he can reach the southern town, reports suggest he could easily slip into the neighbouring African states of Niger and Chad and into exile.
Nato’s governing body, the North Atlantic Council, told military staff to draw up plans to assist a future United Nations mission to stabilise the country.
But just eight of Nato’s 28 members have taken part in the military action, with Britain and France leading the way with daily air and sea operations.
The US has provided air intelligence gathering, yet many Nato countries are unhappy with the intervention in Libya.
NATO‘s support will consist of air and sea deliveries of “humanitarian aid for the beleaguered population” as well as setting up training programmes for Libyan security
(meaning ‘MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD and al-QAEDA MERCENARIES!!)
personnel in Europe.