The Cleansing Operation…

THE PURE & RIGHTEOUS SOUL OF MU’AMMAR AL-QATHAFI:

Muammar is purely inspired from Allah and only truth, pure goodness, and right comes from him….

and He had done so much for this world…and has been tested like Ayoub(JOB) (lost tremendously by the EVIL DOERS)

and has more than proved his worthiness and his righteous desires of his immaculate uncorruptable heart….

He never EVER asked for revenge or EVER cursed God for what the EVILS OF MEN have done!…

Muammar strives and seeks always forward, never looking backward; and he firmly knows that only the RIGHT (THE GOOD)

will eventually prevail over the scum-ridden from the dirt of the earth.

مستوحاة معمر بحتة من الله والحقيقة فقط، والخير الخالص، ويأتي حق من له …. وكان قد فعل الكثير من أجل هذا العالم

… ولقد تم اختبار مثل أيوب (أيوب) (خسر بشكل كبير من قبل فاعلي الشر ) وتضم أكثر من أثبت جدارته ورغباته الصالحين من قلبه طاهر

…. لم يسبق له ان يطلب للانتقام أو لعن الله على ما شرور من الرجال قد فعلت!

… معمر تسعى ويسعى دائما إلى الأمام، إلى الوراء أبدا أبحث ، وقال انه يعلم تماما بأن فقط الحق (خير) ستسود في نهاية المطاف على حثالة التي تعاني من التراب من الأرض.

Under the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA, only GOD/ ALLAH was seen as SUPREME!…nothing  and no man or group or party had that honor.

تحت الجماهيرية العظمى، كان ينظر إلى الله وحده / الله كما العليا! … لا شيء وليس لديه رجل أو جماعة أو حزب أن شرف.

Mu’ammar al-Qathafi is a man who has never (and will never) make compromises or be “bought” (like the rest of the RULERS  on this planet!).
معمر القذافي هو الرجل الذي لديه أبدا (ولن) تقديم تنازلات أو يكون “اشترى” (مثل بقية الحكام على هذا الكوكب!).

WEST OUT TO DESTROY MUAMMAR al-QATHAFI since 1969:

The Galilee new:

If shares Makanch stolen (meaning money was not stolen as journalist reported; but rather used for constuctive and health

benefits for all Libyans) and was spent on health, education, electricity and support oil and gasoline and petroleum derivatives for citizens

and Libyans fifty pounds Kanu, O Chloe and Icherbo of bounties Libya thanks to the power of the people and its leader

where monthly per Assembly suffice more than two , three , and acted though every month (stipends monthly for all Libyans)
Kano Aychen almost free of charge. (cheap  petrol for cars)

Plan capacity which started from Shukri Ghanem and other officials and we hope here from all pages showing this thing and other things absent

and Avdhohm any one of Khan’s people power needed me debunk Ashan people understand and Ago them Ali Shaheed fasting.

How was severe with them , but Cano Doahi in theft and reached their insolence so make sa Iekayam special are the towels for Business belongings

and Avdhohm day oil was expensive in Libya at the beginning of 1999 to stash director of the company oils in stores its own collaboration with his driver

and all Uige end Libyan oil from the company Icolo him. What Fish until I got itchy Oil pleasures of the dinar and a quarter to more than seven dinars

even revealed the plot Engineer Naji Abdul Salam.

God reminded him well footmen served the company after this manager trivial , but unfortunately hot Poh fat cats and was one of the arguments that,

according to what I learned, they transformed the Administrative Control on charges of running more than two thousand or more employees…

laughed and replied and said to them, “Do ye Libyans or coming to the land?”

and said to them, “but you know that when people eat the pasta is not meat, but if these issues I am ready Enchenq myself in this place.”

Was their response: “Do not Mesh intention Heca”;  but employed by the administrative excesses,  said to them: ” I am ready Ançoa them and their situation.”

I mean here that the plot began commander since the year 1969 .

للجليل الجديد: فلو سهم ماكانتش مسروقة و كانت تصرف علي الصحة و التعليم و الكهرباء و دعم الزيوت و البنزين و مشتقات البترول للمواطنين و الليبيين بخمسين جنيه كانو يا كلو و يشربو من خيرات ليبيا بفضل سلطة الشعب و قائدها حيث الشهرية الواحدة من الجمعية تكفي اكثر من شهرين و ثلاث و تصرف رغم ذلك كل شهر
كانو عايشين شبه بالمجان.

الخطة القدرة التي بدأت من شكري غانم و غيرهم من المسؤولين و نتمنى هنا من كل الصفحات تبين هذا الشي وغيرها من الامور المغيبة وافضحوهم اي واحد خان سلطة الشعب لازم ي نفضح عشان الناس تفهم و احكو لهم علي الشهيد الصائم كيف كان شديد معاهم لكنهم كانو دواهي في السرقة و وصلت بهم الوقاحة لدرجة جعل سا ئقيهم الخاصين هم مناشف للبزنس متاعهم و افضحوهم ايام الزيت كان غالي في ليبيا في بداية 1999 لما خبأ مدير الشركة الزيوت في المخازن الخاصة به بالتعاون مع سائقه و كل ما يجي حد يبي زيت من الشركة يقولو له ما فيش حتي وصلت حكة الزيت متاع الدينار و ربع الي اكثر من سبعة دينار حتي كشف هذه المؤامرة المهندس ناجي عبدالسلام الله يذكره بالخير راجل خدم الشركة بعد هذا المدير التافه و لكن للأسف حار بوه القطط السمان و كانت احدي حججهم التي حسب ما علمت انهم حولوه علي الرقابة الادارية بتهمة تشغيل اكثر من الفين موظف او اكثر فضحك و رد عليهم و قال لهم هل انتم ليبيين او جايين من برا و قال لهم الا تعلمون انه فيه ناس تاكل في المكرونة من غير لحم لكن لو كانت هذه قضيتي انا مستعد نشنق نفسي في هدا المكان فكان ردهم لا مش قصدنا هكي لكن تشغيلهم فيه تجاوزات ادارية.فقال لهم انا مستعد انسوي لهم وضعهم.
وانا اقصد هنا ان المؤامرة علي القائد بدأت مند عام 1969.

1984:

Mu not kill Jeannette Fletcher 1 Mu not kill Jeannette Fletcher 2 Mu not kill Jeannette Fletcher 3 Mu not kill Jeannette Fletcher 4 Mu not kill Jeannette Fletcher 5

Anew look at a past accusation:

Trrd legitimate channels Libyan green on the moon ÇáäÇíáÓÇĘ:

Moon Nilesat:

Frequency: N ALKADRA … 11054 green Libyan … Polarization: Horizontal H Frequency: ALNEDAA … 11096 appeal …

Polarization: horizontal H encoding / 27500 or in English Polarization for all channels ..

Fun to watch all ..

Photo showing fresh water reserves in Africa Ohz, the report submitted by the BBC in Libya’s show as the largest state in the fresh water reserves in the continent

The study says that Western Libya and one of the richest countries in the world in terms of natural resources it facing the largest provision of water,

and the biggest, so gas, wells oil life longer than any other country in the world, and there are huge amounts of steel and metals in the south, and the largest existing cement in the desert.

_____________________________

RAT LIBYA NEWS:

Ali Zaidane up New York

New York, UN
The head of the interim government, “Ali Zaidane,” a senior on the head of a delegation on Monday to New York,

to participate in the work of the session of the “68” of the General Assembly of the United Nations.
The Libyan delegation will participate, starting today in New York in public discussions of this session, which has

wide international participation by more than 130 heads of state and government and the Minister of Foreign Affairs,

which is an important occasion to review and discuss regional and international issues of current at the international level.

US weapons stolen from American Special Forces training camps in Libya

http://www.phantomreport.com/us-weapons-stolen-from-american-special-forces-training-camps-in-libya

Editor’s Note: American Special Forces militant/former prisoner training camps
for war-fighting in Syria. No U.S. Forces on the Ground in Libya-Obama

Source: Fox News

Highly sensitive U.S. military equipment stored in Libya was stolen over the
summer by groups likely aligned and working with terrorist organizations, State
Department sources told Fox News — in raids that contributed to the decision to
pull Special Forces personnel from the country.

The stolen equipment had been used by U.S. Special Forces stationed in the
country. Lost in the raids in late July and early August were dozens of M4
rifles, night-vision technology and lasers used as aiming devices that are
mounted on guns and can only be seen with night-vision equipment.

“This stuff is how we win wars. The enemy doesn’t have that,” one source said.

The overnight raids happened at a military training camp run by American Special
Forces on the outskirts of Tripoli, in the weeks before the team was pulled from
the country in August. That U.S. team was funded by the Department of Defense Section 1208,
which provides support to assist and stand up foreign counterterrorism forces in other countries.

“The loss of this military equipment is what pulled the plug on the U.S. operation,” one source with

direct knowledge of the events told Fox News. “No one at the State Department wanted to deal with

the situation if any more went wrong, so State pulled its support for the training program and then

began to try and get the team moved out of the country.”

The 36-member American team was not at the training camp when either raid occurred, as they

regularly stayed at a nearby villa that served as a safehouse at night.

Located just outside of Tripoli, the camp was supposed to be secured each night by Libyan forces.

But on two occasions, the camp was attacked and raided by either militia members or their affiliated  terrorist organizations.

The training and the stolen equipment was provided by American forces and thus paid for by U.S. taxpayer dollars.

The raids and stolen equipment quickly caused a rift among U.S. Special Forces, Libyan military leaders and ultimately the U.S. State Department.

---

NATO IN LIBYA:

How seen Kaddoa in the night and how Ipatoa ?*** Hull me Khchoa the home of NATO.

THESE TRIED TO KILL THE TRAITOR SHALGRAM!

Secretary General of the Union of Libyan students in Italy:

Khalifa Imran War Lovely of Bani Walid and Nuri Jethro Kdavy & Adel Achlebt,

Charge an assassination attempt Shalgam they are in prison

two and a half years of court on 14.10.2013, and we want from the Liberals in Tunisia, Egypt and even from my family Bani Walid

and a vigil in front of the embassy. Rumours support young people and transform the case into a public opinion case.

Freedom to sons Rusaifa sons Solbh in prison Rumours.

Court on 10.14.2013, the Secretary-General Student Union in Italy previously Khalifa Imran Almkhozom Alor Lovely of Bani Walid,

Nouri al Isaib Kadhafi and Adel Achlebt, still in Italian prisons and the Embassy’s lawyer refused to plead in the case released only

after payment of a sum of money to him. Knowing that he shall receive a basic salary. The suffering continues.
Suffice God and yes, the agent for the country’s dignity robbed and raped.

 

 

 

الامين العام لاتحاد الطلبة الليبين فى ايطاليا
خليفه عمران ورفلى من بنى وليد ونورى شعيب قدافى وعادل اشليبط
التهمة محاولة اغتيال شلقم وهم موجودين فى السجن من عامين ونصف المحكمه يوم
14/10/2013 , و نريد من الاحرار فى تونس ومصر وحتى من اهلى بنى وليد وقفه احتجاجيه امام السفاره الايطاليا دعم الشباب وتحويل القضيه الى قضيه راى عام
الحريه الى ابناء الرصيفه ابناء صولبه فى السجون الايطاليا
Mu Versailles meeting w Shalgam
Mu w Smalgram 1

Urgent
Strong national coalition declares its categorical rejection of the extension of the General National Congress, and if one day.

Management announced military retirement Social Security Fund:

Announces Management military retirement Social Security Fund of the masters of military pensioners that the implementation of Resolution No. (441) for the year 2013 on the issuance of the salary scale and financial increases and bonuses of employees of the Libyan army issued by the interim prime minister on 08.07.2013 will begin starting from 1/2 / 2014 provided that the referral financial implications of differences on the implementation of the resolution by the Ministry of Finance.

Information Office of the Fund.

—–

Office Balosabah Education decides to separate male and female students

Atmosphere of the country –

Decided Affairs Office of Education old in Alosabah, on Sunday, separation of male and female students in secondary schools in the region.

The Director of the Office of Education Alosabah Abdul Wahab Omar Zulah to the atmosphere of the country that the decision came after chapter problems that

occurred last year due to mixing in schools, and that the decision was taken after consultation with school administrators ensure the proper functioning of the educational process.

The Zulah added that the resolution presented to the parents and the Shura Council and wise Balosabah, pointing out that all of them welcomed him, and have been notified by

the Ministry of Education this step for approval.

Referred to that Alosabah area there are six high schools separated departments between male and female students.



Post image for How The U.S. Military Plans To Hijack The Airwaves

How The U.S. Military Successfully Hijacked The Airwaves in Libya

18 SEPTEMBER 2013

Source: Forbes

If you want to take over a nation, then first take over its airwaves. Broadcast your messages and interdict the enemy’s ability to broadcast theirs. When the U.S. attacked Iraq in 1991,

or NATO bombed Serbia in 1999, among the first targets destroyed were TV and radio stations. When there is a military coup in Africa, the first buildings the rebels usually

grab are the radio and TV studios.

So it is illuminating that the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM), the organization that oversees America’s elite special forces, is quietly searching for equipment that will effectively give it control over every FM and AM radio station in an area. The short, innocuous-sounding announcement on the Federal Business Opportunities site states that SOCOM seeks vendors to provide “a radio broadcast system capable of searching for and acquiring every AM and FM radio station in a specific area and then broadcasting a message(s) in the target area on all acquired AM and FM radio station frequencies.” SOCOM wants equipment that is both lightweight and sophisticated enough to detect and broadcast over multiple frequencies simultaneously. And SOCOM wants it fast. The equipment must be at least Technology Readiness Level 8, a Pentagon measure of technological maturity that means that it is fully developed, tested and ready for use.

“It appears that SOCOM is looking to purchase a preferably commercial off the shelf friendly-foreign or domestic advanced form of Software-Defined Radio (SDR) as a solution for their tactical and theater Psyops or MISO missions,” says a military expert who asked to remain anonymous. “The exact platform – whether it’s ground-based or airborne – cannot be determined from the solicitation. It would appear to be an urgent request because of the TRL 8 or above stipulation. ”

This is what the Pentagon now calls Military Information Support Operations, or MISO. This is a far less sinister name for what the rest of us call Psychological Operations, or Psyops. that subtle form of warfare that uses carefully tailored information – truthful or not – to change foreign hearts and minds in a way that furthers U.S. interests.

“MISO units have the mission to broadcast information and messages to neutral, hostile and, in certain cases, friendly audiences,” says Bryan Karabaich, a former Special Forces colonel and a consultant to the U.S. government on information operations. “Obviously, to do that, one needs to know where on the broadcast spectrum people are listening and what is being said.”

Currently, U.S. special operations forces (SOF) use a Flyaway Broadcast System (FABS), according to SOCOM spokeswoman Lt. Comm. Ligia Cohen (an example of FABS gear for natural disasters is here). However, FABS can only broadcast on a single frequency. “Historically, one got a receiver that operated on the desired spectrum and worked through the channels.  An operator would note time, signal strength and perhaps content, then move on,” Karabaich notes. “If it seemed important, another operator with another set would go directly to the frequency and monitor.  If there were multiple frequencies in use, one needed multiple sets. Then scanners came along and things speeded up.  However, one still needed multiple sets to go back to exploit the hits.  One problem was that as the scanner progressed, it wasn’t listening to other channels.  Should someone come up and broadcast after the scanner passed by, it could be several seconds or longer before it came back.”

An automated, software-based system that could scan and transmit over multiple frequencies would save time and manpower. But there is another benefit as well, and that is electronic warfare. If U.S. forces are transmitting messages over local radio frequencies, then local stations can’t broadcast their messages. And if this happens to every station in an area, then the target government’s ability to communicate with its people, such as exhorting them to fight the Americans, would be muzzled. “This system could be used to jam a frequency,” says Cohen. “During a conflict, an enemy radio station would not be able to broadcast their message at the same time. The FABS capability is required to meet combatant commanders’ need to shape foreign attitude and behavior in support of U.S. regional objectives, policies, interests, and theater military missions.”

Some might wonder whether this technology can be used inside the United States. The answer is yes. “The requirements outlined for this technology are specific to conduct operations overseas,” Cohen says. “However, in some instances and when directed, the MISO forces and equipment can be used during Civil Authority Information Support operations.  During these events, MISO equipment simply is a platform that is used to support organizations such as FEMA to disseminate information to the public regarding safety, and so on.”

Lawrence Dietz, a retired U.S. Army Reserve Colonel who participated in Psyops for 13 years and writes a Psyops blog, suggests that a mass broadcast capability would be very useful during a Katrina-like natural disaster that can transmit emergency information when civilian transmitters have been knocked out. However, he also asks whether it would make more sense to focus on mass messages to cell phones, given how people rely on them for communications. “Perhaps mobile phone ‘takeover’ technology would be in the SOCOM procurement pipeline down the road,” he writes.

However, before Uncle Sam rides roughshod over the radio spectrum, there are some limitations. Karabaich, who thinks the technology will improve U.S. Psyops capabilities, points out that one problem is power. He recalls that in the First Gulf War in 1991, U.S forces could “broadcast on Iraqi frequencies, but the Iraqi transmitters were four times larger than the biggest we had. On top of which, sand absorbs radio waves, cutting down our range and signal strength. We just couldn’t make a dent until the Iraqi transmitters were taken down.” In other words, Iraqi transmitters are so powerful that they can only be taken down by old-fashioned high explosives. And in Afghanistan, “we had cases in Afghanistan where we could hear stations operating but the position of our transmitters could not generate enough signal strength to reach the target audience on the ground.”

And just as stray Hellfire missiles from a Predator drone create collateral damage, so do errant Psyops. Karabaich remembers when a Psyops training exercise by U.S. forces in Germany spilled over from military frequencies into Swiss civilian traffic:  ”Swiss listeners were not happy that their re-broadcasts of Dallas had rock music sound tracks.”

—–

After the scandal of the Muslim Brotherhood in bribe Aljdharan the an amount of 30 million dinars

Here Come the Brotherhood,

including pages from the heart of Hadath corner to justify bribery attitude and Tkdb in broad daylight and despise the Libyan citizen simplex:

Displays Alsukna ” beaten ” by one of the guards by the Ministry of Health:

Country ambiance – Aynur Sabri

Said human rights activist in Libya Foundation for Human Rights Nabil Alsukna , he was beaten by a guard ‘s office and the Ministry of Health and denied entry despite the ” ill health .”

And was Alsukna , reportedly for the ambiance of the country , it is trying to enter the ministry to review the medical report as one of the casualties of the revolution .

The Alsukna to guard prevented him from entering the grounds that Sunday is not within the designated days for review, “When described the cases of the guard that it does not allow revision other times pushed me , although informed that the fragments of a bullet still exists near the kidney and spine and that the wound was not healed yet.”

And between Alsukna that “persons charged with guarding the Ministry of Health are not qualified to deal with human beings,” he said, adding that he was expelled and asked him not to enter .

The Alsukna pointed out that there is a condition requiring patients to be separated quickly.

It was not possible for the country to hear the atmosphere from the novel in charge of guarding the hospital , while the rejection of the Information Office of the Ministry of Health to make a statement because he ” does not know what happened and will investigate the incident .”

Turn said Alsukna , when a country ambience resumed contact him he was able to communicate with the ministry , and promised to follow up the matter with the minister on Tuesday.

The Alsukna explained that wounded بطلقتين the motorcycles which affected the work of the kidney and the pancreas has.

AND WHAT DID MUAMMAR DO ABOUT “AFRICOM” ?

Here is JUST THE OPPOSITE!:

– Tripoli – Correspondent

Deputy Director of the Information Office of the United Nations Mission of Support in Libya “Samir Ghattas,” on Monday, that the strength (AFRICOM) is a subsidiary of the United Nations.

And explained, “diver” that the strength (AFRICOM) is a subsidiary of the United Nations and have nothing to do with them, stressing that the United Nations does not have any troops in Libya.

It is worth mentioning that the official name for the Ministry of Defense “Abdul Razak Cbahi the” stated earlier that the plane that roam the skies of Benghazi a reconnaissance mission,

and return to the power of “AFRICOM” of the United Nations

And is AFRICOM military force U.S. are subject to management and U.S. Department of Defense entrusted Bahdtha responsibility for U.S. military operations on the

African continent as well as they are linking military relations with 53 African countries, was established in 2007 and caused the troop NATO, “NATO” and taken from

the military base for the alliance in the city “Stuttgart” German headquartered temporarily until mastery of concentration in one of the North African countries, according to its Web site.

(News Agency)

The Ministry of Defense says that the plane hovering sky Benghazi tracking force, “Africom” of the United Nations and the Information Office of the UN mission

in Libya denies in a statement today published the news agency solidarity that this plane belonging to him and says that the UN does not have any troops in Libya

and the strength of “Africom” do not follow the United Nations, mainly.

Post image for US Army Africa Command looking to contractors for African operations

US Army Africa Command looking to contractors for African operations

SEPTEMBER 18, 2013

Source: Defence Web

US Army Africa Command (Africom) wants private contractors to move military equipment and supplies from the US to Egypt and 55 other countries within its Area of Responsibility (AOR) starting this month.

This comes hard on the heels of a transport contract awarded by the US Army’s Transport Command (US-TRANSCOM) to Berry Aviation to provide to provide air transport service in support of operations in western and central Africa. This contract is reportedly worth $49 million.

A solicitation notice issued by Africom Surface Distribution Services (ASDS) from its contracting office in Vincenza, Italy, on August 5 seeks contractors who will provide “transportation services of intra-theatre cargo within the Africom Area of Responsibility (AOR) and Egypt.”

The solicitation adds: “The contractor shall provide all necessary resources including logistics support and management to perform surface transport and distribution of general cargo within all fifty five (55) nations of the Africom AOR and Egypt.

In the solicitation document, Africom says materials to be transported, “although normally general in nature will not include sensitive cargo but may include hazardous materials.”

The solicitation notice adds contractors will not be required to transport classified equipment and materials, gunpowder, ammunition or military weapons and explosives.

It also states the successful contractors will not be required to move military tanks, self-propelled armoured combat vehicles with weapons, aircraft and spacecraft including satellites, radar or radio devices for remote control of weapons and equipment.

These developments come when at least one American military watcher, Nick Turse of TomDispatch.com, maintains Africom is involved in the A to Z of Africa.

“They’re involved in Algeria and Angola, Benin and Botswana, Burkina Faso and Burundi, Cameroon and the Cape Verde Islands. And that’s just the ABCs of the situation. Skip to the end of the alphabet and the story remains the same: Senegal and the Seychelles, Togo and Tunisia, Uganda and Zambia. From north to south, east to west, the Horn of Africa to the Sahel, the heart of the continent to the islands off its coasts, the US military is at work. Base construction, security co-operation engagements, training exercises, advisory deployments, special operations missions and a growing logistics network, all undeniable evidence of expansion—except at US Africa Command,” he wrote.

Giving the official line Turse goes on: “To hear Africom tell it, US military involvement on the continent ranges from the miniscule to the microscopic. The command is adamant it has only a single ‘military base’ in all of Africa: Camp Lemonnier in Djibouti. The head of the command insists that the US military maintains a ‘small footprint’ on the continent. Africom’s chief spokesman has consistently minimised the scope of its operations and the number of facilities it maintains or shares with host nations, asserting only ‘a small presence of personnel who conduct short-duration engagements’ are operating from ‘several locations’ on the continent at any given time”.

He quotes Colonel Tom Davis, Africom director of public affairs, as saying: “Other than our base at Camp Lemonnier in Djibouti, we do not have military bases in Africa, nor do we have plans to establish any”. Davis admitted the US has temporary facilities elsewhere. . supporting much smaller numbers of personnel “usually for a specific activity”.

Another solicitation notice (HTC711-13-R-R016) issued in July seeks dedicated fixed wing service for the deployment and extraction of US military personnel involved in operations in the central African region.

It specifies contractors must be able to transport personnel and willing to carry hazardous cargo including ammunitions for small arms, signal flares, smoke grenades, blasting caps, rockets, mines and explosive charges in the central African theatre of operations.

“The contractor will be asked to routinely take off and land on improved and unimproved dirt airfields of a minimum of 1 800 feet in length to support resupply and personnel transportation requirements,” part of the solicitation note reads.

It said routine locations involved in the operations could include airfields such as Entebbe in Uganda, Obo and Djema in the Central African Republic. The operations will also support the training of counter-narcotics law enforcement agencies from Kenya, Ghana, Nigeria, Tanzania, Niger, South Africa, Burkina Faso, Uganda, Togo, Guinea and Mali.

Apart from these developments the US Military has been supporting construction all over Africa for its allies.

A report by Hugh Denny of the Army Corps of Engineers issued earlier this year references 79 such projects in 33 countries between 2011 and 2013 including Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Cote D’Ivoire, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tunisia, The Gambia, Togo, Uganda, and Zambia with a reported price tag of $48 million.

In addition to creating or maintaining bases and engaging in military construction across the continent, the US is involved in near constant training and advisory missions. According to Davis, the command is slated to carry out 14 major bilateral and multilateral exercises by the end of this year. These include Saharan Express 2013, which brought together forces from Cape Verde, Cote d’Ivoire, The Gambia, Liberia, Mauritania, Morocco, Senegal, and Sierra Leone, among other nations, for maritime security training; Obangame Express 2013, a counter-piracy exercise involving the armed forces of among others Benin, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Republic of Congo, São Tomé and Príncipe, and Togo; and Africa Endeavour 2013, in which the militaries of Djibouti, Burundi, Cote d’Ivoire, Zambia, and 34 other African nations took part.

And it’s not only on land and in the air that US forces are making their presence felt more. The Defense Logistics Agency is preparing to buy 65 000 metric tonnes of marine gas oil for Africom operations.

Information obtained by defenceWeb also shows from April 2014, Africom Ships’ Bunkers programme will order fuel to be delivered “into US vessels for US Department of Defense and federal civilian agencies by barge, truck, or pipeline”.

The command is seeking up to 27 000 metric tonnes of fuel for delivery to US Air Force and Navy assets in Seychelles, an island nation off the coast of East Africa. Neighbouring Mauritius is next with a maximum order of 10 000 metric tonnes of fuel.

Other destinations for Africom fuel supplies are Tanzania, Cape Verde, Senegal, Kenya, Nigeria, Ghana, South Africa, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Cameroon and Namibia.

Abdul Razak Ali Alchaabaھa spokesman of the Ministry of Defense ..

“Libya in the process of contracting with a number of corporate security to protect the border”

(Libyan Al-Watan newspaper)

_____________________________

CYRENAICA:

Conference on public corruption and out of predicaments mechanism bribes public .. “Crazy tells and sane heard” ..!!
Source from within the conference “national” tells me the following year ..
A committee was formed to investigate with Naji Conference member Mukhtar on checks presented by Mr. Ibrahim Aljdharan and your preliminary information says that this money is your money for your Mr. Naji selected and not from state funds ..!!!

Media “Firas Bosalum”

Quoting Lord now:

Leaks …..

When he visited on Zaidane Britain in the past few days
In order to take permission from Britain to the bombing of Cyrenaica Airways
Rejected and told him he tried to reach a solution with youth Cyrenaica
Zaidane then tried to buy the sons Conference tenderly money

Financial Times : oil disorders affect the investment environment
Atmosphere of the country –

The Financial Times published yesterday the first report on the unrest in Libya ‘s oil and its impact on foreign oil companies .

The report said that the reduction of oil production in Libya and the closure of oil fields and ports by armed groups cast a shadow on the attractiveness of the country in terms of investment .

The report added that ” Catherine Hunter ” in the field of energy analyst for North Africa , ” saw that Libya was the focus of investment since 2004 and until 2007 , but what is currently seen in the form of a huge challenge , especially after the turmoil intensified this year.”

Threats
The report pointed out that the revenue losses incurred by the government and international operators as ENI , Total and ConocoPhillips will lead to long – term threat to the exit of the oil companies .

The report indicated that the company ” Opel Marathon ” America more dependent on the production of Libya has put its stake in Libya for sale .
For his part, Director General of Planning and Follow – up Ministry of Oil Samir Kamal , that is certainly present material losses due to halt oil production , explaining that the material loss will be on the Libyan state and the participating companies .

Denied
Kamal denied atmosphere for the country to be caused by the withdrawal of company ” Opel Marathon ” American poor security conditions or financial losses, he said , adding that the reason the president is expected to increase U.S. production of crude oil through the use of production techniques shale oil and gas .

Financial losses
On the loss of the oil sector as a result closures and unrest, general manager of planning and follow-up, ” that the value of financial losses since the beginning of this year may reach nearly $ 10 billion , in addition to the existence of indirect losses as a result re- oil production كعمليات maintenance intensive , replacement and operating .”

Kamal said , if the expected income from the oil and gas sector for the current year between $ 52 and $ 55 billion , or approximately an average of 5 billion per month.

Kamal between that production volumes after opening Hamada fields and the spark and the elephant and reached 600 thousand barrels per day , adding that the amount of current production will not undergone any further unless you open the rest of the oil fields and ports .

Weak volumes
Was described as an economist Mahmoud Hammouda production quantities the current time Baldaifah oil will affect the state budget for the current year , particularly as it depends entirely on the revenue the oil and gas sector .

Hamouda pointed to the atmosphere of the country , that the state find solutions to cover the budget deficit Kalaguetrad of the Central Bank of Libya or waiver of one of the terms of the state budget for the current year .

It is noteworthy that the oil and gas sector in Libya is suffering from disorders of the production processes as a result of the sit-ins armed groups and some of the staff of the oil companies which has led to daily losses estimated at $ 100 million a day.

Zaidane confirms the West open oil export ports in eastern Libya within days.

Quickly my German masters close Ajém the Shety and gas fireplaces Lipo.

see yesterdays  news info on:

ZAIDANE BRIBES CYRENAICA COMMANDER with 30 million dinars to
leave the oil installation and be a traitor!

 

Urgent agency Libya / corruption – Ajdabiya –

Head of the Political Bureau of the region of Cyrenaica Ibrahim Jdharan, displays books instruments in the amount

of thirty million sent by a member of the National Conference and the Chairman of the Committee on Energy Naji al-Mokhtar

in the name of Ibrahim’s brother “Salem Jdharan” to break up sit-in and open the oil fields in Cyrenaica.

These are the instruments provided by the survivor Mukhtar Ali Embarak Chairman of the Energy Commission,

the National Conference in order to finish the year sit-ins oil fields to Mr. Salem Said Jdharan for

Ibrahim Jdharan, head of the political bureau of the Cyrenaica Region:

“What we are viewing yesterday was the point in a sea of bitter reality experienced by the country from the violation of national sovereignty and access

to high rates of corruption unprecedented in the history of this nation …”

Cyrenaica free channel.

Sources from the National Conference year confirm the novel trying to push a member of Congress Naji Mokhtar bribe worth 30 million dinars to Abraham Jdharan progress in two installments paid first before removing the picket oil and other after decoding sit-in, also suggested the same sources said that Naji Mokhtar would have been paid the money from his moneyPrivate and head it issued his order to investigate this “scandal” as described by sources.

The Libyan news agency today

Zaidane’s press office exposes the conference and the story of bribery?!
Photo: Zaidane’s press office exposes the conference and the story of bribery?!

________________________

TRIPOLI

and the flow of Water:

Tripoli and

Caused try to do to cause connection illegally industrial river water line the Agazzahah area located between Sunday and market Qara Bolle in the events of a large leak in the water level may lead to poor water flow vector to tourist Sir tank , according to sources of the industrial river system .
The general director of system Al_husaona – Easy الجفاره engineer “Mohammed orbital ” , told the Libyan news ” that a citizen has worked to open the connection is legitimate in the plant, located area Agazzahah causing a leak very strong water as a result of the compressive strength surging from the main line station 711 area Agazzahah end Sunday and the beginning of market Qara Bolle .
And explained , ” Hajaji ” The engineering teams of the art device is currently intensive efforts to control such a large spill by working to reduce pressure so as to repair the leak and restore ( stomach ) with a diameter of four inches to the place .
And orbital assured citizens that maintenance teams are working to stop the large leakage without stopping the flow of water and prevent interruption of the cities that are fed from this line , including the city of Tripoli and its environs.
He noted that these orbital engineer repeated attacks on lines and stations of the water system and do illegal connections disrupt the work of maintenance teams and the disruption of its operation in the periodic maintenance of the system.

Photo Archive :

Bulletin communications received on 23/09/2013 :

Ain Zara police station :

( Robbery )

On 09/22/2013 19:30 pm three unknown persons Cove armed with Klashen guns and a pistol on board a car without license plates type Nissan Micra color green opaque glass completely stopped the complainant (p . O . ) 26 years old public road when he was on board his car and seized him by force to the amount of 3000 d . ‘s cash and number 2 mobile phone devices and a Turkish -made pistol and some documents belonging to the complainant.
Taken the necessary measures and research is still underway to find out the perpetrators caught and retrieve the loot .

Airport Road police station :

( Robbery )

On 09/21/2013 12:00 unidentified group of persons on board the initial two numbers Mjholte cars BMW type black color and the second type of a white Renault were able to login to the headquarters of Takeda and assault on the complainant ( . . P ) 37 year career employee company beaten and taken from inside the company’s store on the amount of 3720 d . ‘s cash and the number 5 mobile phone type devices Nokia Sam Sung ,
Taken the necessary measures and research is still underway to find out the perpetrators caught and retrieve the loot .

Police Dahmani angle :

On 09/22/2013 at 10:40 pm found a newborn baby lying on the ground in front of one of the buildings Dahra area near the Palace Hotel to Libya and is still alive.
The necessary actions were taken and the child was referred to the Tripoli Medical Center , research is still underway to determine the perpetrator and control.
Complainant of the right year.

Al-Andalus police station :

( Car theft )

09.22.2013 at 18:18 unknown actor managed to steal a car complainant ( a . M . P . ) 26 years old with a number Libya -5-1110910 the type of

Hyundai for the clean and jerk and a white 2012 inside making $ 4500 . ‘s Number 2 passports Travel and some documents belonging to the complainant .
Action taken.

Center dash Tajourah :

( Car theft )

09.22.2013 at 19:10 unknown actor managed to steal a car complainant ( h . M . O ) 25 years old plates customs type Twita for making a white 93 valued at 2700 . ‘s .

Taken the necessary measures

Agency urgently to Libya / Tripoli
Initial reports indicate the establishment of a group of young people by closing Shat Tripoli from both sides can not determine the cause of doing this work until now:

President of the Supreme Security Committee Tripoli Hashim humans:

Abdul Rauf had nothing to do with the kidnapping incident hater or arrest militants a martyr for the movement has been scrapped

this homeland for the official spokesman for the movement, Mr. Ahmed Toumi and many of the callers why insist they are when

brother Abdul Rauf, a question hater of the brothers in the movement martyr page for homeland … Hurry God for the release

of young people and we are two years after the liberation and building state institutions against arbitrary detention and forced

absence Whatever its causes and motives:

Kidnapping of journalist and human rights activist / Ahmed Abdul Hakim Almchaa, afternoon near Abu Salim complex market ..

It was his last contact with one of his relatives on promptly at 1:47. M on Sunday approved of 9/23/2013. M, and on the back of his criticism of the performance of the National Congress public and some political entities and the military, which sees is the basis of the political crisis experienced by the country and the security vacuum actually street-Libi, might as well be on the background of a entrances telephone via the “nation wants to” channel the capital yesterday evening against the backdrop of the kidnapping of a number of demonstrators Square martyrs in Tripoli, headed by political activist and human rights / Ezzedine Belaid Louhichi, downloading responsibility for safety of the Commission on higher Security, and the Chamber of rebels Libya joint and demanding to immediately intervene to release him.
It hopefully recognize the identity of and kidnapped personal speed to let us know the whereabouts on the number 0927752746 ..
Peace be upon you and God’s mercy and blessings \
Family grabber / Ahmed Abdul Hakim Almchaa
Tripoli – Libya.

________________

GREEN NAFUSA WESTERN MOUNTAINS:

RISHVANA:

And Rishvana

Secret Alcdoh – 87
Aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaagel

Now been arrested gang members from Tel Ath you car Bsergat in the city of Al Azizia

They Zletunai the market and two-fifths and Friday.

/ / Pictures and news from Rishvana

“F Akkari” and his three sons, for Gu Angahm, drowned in
Stream the valley Tphalgo which is located between the areas of people and Ras
Drum, after one of his sons fell in the course of the valley tried
His sister saved P sank jumped brother’s trying to get them out of the
Valley drowned them P-try “Akkari” save his sons drowned
With them after heavy rainfall with large amounts in Mizdah.

_________________________

BANI WALID:

09/25/2012 fateful decision No. 7,

a decision adopted by the Conference of claims governed by national unfair militias against the Libyan city safe name Bani Walid

Invite all Libyans Liberal da solution and outside Libya to coordinate and exit on 09/25/2013 at the vigil Tzamn from the city of Bani Walid

Is it the city will respond to the call?

Death of “Abdel Moneim Ghoul” b Bani Walid during a quarrel
In front of the headquarters of a local city, wounding one of the elements of security to the city
By gunfire at TIFF.

NEWS

Recent developments in the killing of citizen Abdel-Moneim al-Ghoul ..
Situation is calm now after the intervention of the Council meeting to tribes and Rafla in an attempt to heal the rift and put

out the fire of sedition .. The wounded stable condition and not seriously ..
We wish to end this access issue socially as has been terminated other problems ..
We hope not to use whatever weapons necessary ..
Killing self-insured God’s greatest when the sanctity of Mecca ..

Intellect and wisdom .. Solve all the issues .. Intolerance and rushing will not get any solution, but we will increase bad things ..
The spread of the scourge of weapons .. And the absence of security infected very gravely missed ..
The government inaction in the activation of the employees of the Security treason ..
There are homeland wasted .. His article is all

May God have mercy killing .. And healed the wound .. The family of injustice

Great Rafla | Great Werfalla

Not to forget the massacres ful 7 RAR … Carried out by militias Misrata and armor skirts .. The blessing of the National Congress

09/25/2013

Remaining days on the anniversary of Resolution No. 7 fateful decision …
Which it is permitted to commit massacres against the people of the city of Bani Walid

____________________

SIRTE:

..Important Announcement for pilgrims

Declares the Office of primary health care services health walked to all the pilgrims from the city of Sirte that

vaccinations stipulated date will be, God willing, on the morning of Wednesday, 25 – 9 – 2013 p.,

Primary health care at the school near Uqba secondary.

It hope attendance in Almkna and time specified .. And ask God or accept  Hajj m ..

Information Office in the health sectorSirte

  

Important

Clinics Complex was closed central Sirte since yesterday by a group of young non-health services workers nor the complex and their demand for the imposition of force employed by the pool knowing that they do not hold medical certificates or medical or administrative assistance.
Which raised fears of employees and visitors to the complex, causing disruption of the interests of the people and the sick (God used).

Information Office in the health sector – Sirte

The news agency – Sirte – reporter

The headquarters of the General Directorate of Traffic and Licensing Sirte at dawn on Sunday to attempted robbery on private cars traffic

and licensing department of the city by unknown gunmen.

And Director of the Traffic Department and licenses “friend Ibn Saud”:

The four armed men tried to dawn storming headquarters by force

of arms and grab the b Department of automobile traffic, but the guards fought them or failed attempt.

He added, “Ibn Saud”, that the attack resulted in the injury of Lieutenant “Khaled Arbash” slightly injured in the leg, indicating that the

militants fled to the direction of the neighboring buildings.

____________________________

dirty MISURATA:

SMELLS FISHY TO ME…They just had to “land in MISURATA” !!!

Poisoning case to members of the hospitality Airborne lines African yesterday on a flight coming from Benghazi to Tripoli,

and proceeds 3 members Tzmmo, and the reason for this poisoning Supply, which was shipped from Benghazi,

forcing the plane to land in Misrata in an emergency because they can not complete the journey.

Poisoned African members are:
Iman Aldhmon Moroccan nationality
Bribes Ghiryani the Benghazi
Baghdadi Medal of Tripoli

_________________________

BENGHAZI:

Benghazi: the assassination attempt:

Assassination attempt the Ahmed Abannony citizen in the place of residence and place for the sale of jewelry morning People’s Pharmacy Street East Salmani.
He is now carefully Galaa Hospital, The Ahmed Abannona one former members of Homeland Security

Benghazi today ..

__________________________________

TOBRUK, DERNA & THE TUBER:

Tobruk rain today

__________________________

SABHA & SOUTH LIBYA:

Sabha today
URGENT: car convoy of a group of nearly 30 armed Fmaqouk car patrolling some streets and neighborhoods in the city of Sabha.

Urgent ….Shield Forces Western Area flying to the south are fighting and predicted 6 dead among them after disagreements broke out

between them in a break Agheilanah and confusion severe prevail after the War bore information that the South is preparing all to

fight them and send tribes Tabu warning stern that the entry areas of the south is a red line .. And the leadership power armor

respond to force destined for the oil fields only refused to force members of armor progress since this afternoon, a state of alert and panic.

Quoting / / Free State of Cyrenaica

Urgent … Sudden withdrawal of Msarit MISURATA shield from a pool of the

western region and return to Misurata,

leaving only Chiaa and drunks and some Tunisians and Algerians, Egyptian and some of the other Asian nationalities

attended within the constituent power of the armor on the outskirts of the beach. (BARACK CHAT’AI)

Quoting / / Free State of Cyrenaica

Sabha Aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaajl the

News now uncertain Valley and from the beach Shield forces Libya still outside the area and did not enter now.

Telephone …

Urgent agency Libya …. Sabha ...

After he was kidnapped for hours in the city of Ubari yesterday was the

release of “Ali Ali Zein Ali” who returned safely

to the white area; has also re-open the public highway (Sabha _ Ubari _ the languages) after his release.
The armed group on Sunday kidnapped “Ali Zein Ali” from his ranch in the White area and took him to the west to an

unknown destination, did not know the reasons for the abduction so far.
The region has witnessed a popular White congestion because of the kidnapping and a number of the people close

link between roads (Sabha _ Ubari _ the languages), demanding to know the fate of the kidnapped and released.

FORMER REPORT (BEFORE HIS RELEASE):

Urgent agency Libya / Valley Life

An armed group on Sunday kidnapped citizen / Ali Ali Zein Ali .. From his ranch in the White area and took him to

the west to an unknown destination and unknown to now where you do not know the reasons for the kidnapping

and the kidnappers’ demands to this moment.
This region is witnessing now White congestion popular because of the kidnapping and that the residents blocked

the road link between the (Sabha _ Ubari _ the languages) until the fate of kidnapped and released ..

Sabha and Ubari

Rain victory came even prevail in joy certainly and ستغسل our blood and cleanse wounds Butljha the its response to cheer everyone
Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar
The arrival of victory ..

Valley Agency Dinar News a partagé la photo de channel Almgarhh on Facebook.
South Ihtop on Gold : –

Saqr Abdullah of Kitron tells his story and how to get gold and says : –

Hello my friends us today a very happy day and a little while ago arrived my father to the house without prior Andar

and it was a surprise when he arrived in front of our house and spread joy inside the house when he arrived and the trip

took months away from home in the Mi -Ski in the Chadian border near the regions ( Alqtron ) The trip to the newly

discovered gold fields by population Alqtron … The images of this part of the gold sample who exists in the Mi Ski Area

and later claimed revealed all images of gold who get dad who estimated tens of thousand ^ ^ ..

This is the journey who told you about a while ago …
Photo: south Ihtop on Gold : –

 OUR GREEN ARMY IN THE SOUTH:


Gaddafi steadfastness legend

Holy crawling on the outskirts of the zero hour, with God’s help greet to free the robe wherever Kano:

الزحف المقدس على مشارف ساعة الصفر بعون الله تحية للأحرار الجبة اينما كانو

BTW: Notice the Zintani commander here in this picture.

MISRATAH CONVOYS ADMIT THEY ARE In the UBARI to HUNT-DOWN ZINTANI!

Ahmed sickly mainland reports:

ÚÇÇÇÇĚá
.
Misratah convoy claims that turn to Ubari oil fields in the Fezzan
We know that Ubari the fields protect Zintan rebels
Vauellah that Misratah convoy was with him two containers and 3 Crawler
The reason
Containers loaded with RoHS sourced nuclear Turkey
This is Icomo the buried in the desert of Libya against the huge sums and

Turkey’s interests, because you know how dangerous these substances.

Quoting Tabu sons of the desert

*. . Important communication . . *

* To Libyan our people in the south and to the Libyans all
And to the members of the General National Congress and to the Government

Of Page – mail …

To our people in the south in particular, and to all Libyans in general and to the members of the General National Congress honorable of them to the Libyan government ..

…. The story of a convoy of armed militias Misurata …. located in Agheilanah …. the fact that this column is that it carries chemicals and nuclear waste residues of these residues coming from Turkey through the port of Misratah .. These containers were hidden in Zagn area a few months ago and this testimony of folks Zagn and the offender Sea receipt of these wastes debt , compared to 10 million and now he wants Congress Ouati militia leaders and with the help of Misurata militia hiding these wastes in the aryl beach and Agheilanah the East ….
And anyone who wants to … understand STORY .. his age explained
. If the Misratah really convoy heading to Ubari area or Murzuq as Maicolon to Why A sister Roux by Agheilanah and left through Smonoa Zagn Sabha … And why until now are still two camps in Agheilanah … this first … second … A delegation of sheikhs and notables beach in dialogue with the convoy and asked about the reason for their presence …. They said in order to provide subsidies for the South … and when asked sheikhs insisted on Zerorh detected these subsidies refused …. this is Tanya and thirdly it important ? …. Why insisted on armed militias stay in Agheilanah and lock the road and what to carry with them tractors ( Koachik ) Hummer. containers … these data confirm for all sensible or Thread understand now where everything is normal , especially after we learned that the ruling military coward did not know their presence …..Save Libya …. Libya has become a nuclear waste dump after it refused to poor countries buried in its soil …

Sidvenha a convoy of Misratah in the south … and the greatest danger that these wastes have many

chronic diseases in the earth and humans for billions of years …

Awake O Libyans , this is not the words of Facebook , but the word is very, very real …

Oh God , I reached YOUR FRIENDS

And our response across the sector:
Urgent …..

Dumping of nuclear materials in Yanbu Alchuirv desert of the Great Man – Made River

Reliable sources and eyewitnesses confirmed that the militias shield Libya, which centered on area Gillan South Alchuirv 110 km away protect

Tlat trucks carrying containers by warning signs indicate the presence of radioactive materials and nuclear waste them want to bury the desert

stretching between the Alchuirv and Gillan containing hundreds of wells that lunch system great Manmade River , which يغدي the capital Tripoli

and some areas of the mountain radicle noted that the report issued by the international Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 2007 showed that the

disposal through burial deep can not prevent waste radiation from reaching the soil and water sources and threaten the existence of living

organisms on the surface of the planet.

 

For Tabu sons of the desert

Urgent

Declare a state of maximum Irrigation Toa in rows rebel battalions in the area of ​​Murzuq and Kitron.

Confirmed shortly before a battalion commanders rebels in the town of Murzuq they are ready to defend the Fezzan against what he described

as militias outlaw coming from the northern region, which is trying to extend its control on some critical locations in the south of Libya’s agendas,

we do not know about and that these militias are not tracking the ministries of interior and defense and do not take them in the ear movements

nor represent Alhariaah not from afar or from nearby.
(Media Youssef Ghali)

_____________________



Post image for Psychological Warfare: U.S. Army trains to influence people’s will

Psychological Warfare: U.S. Army trains to influence people’s will

05 SEPTEMBER 2013

Source: Army Times

The Army has taken a huge step toward establishing the “human dimension” as its seventh war-fighting function.

It happened Aug. 26-28, as Training and Doctrine Command held a strategic landpower limited-objective exercise at Fort Belvoir, Va. The exercise teamed the Army, Marine Corps and U.S. Army Special Operations Command with experts from the State Department, national intelligence and academic communities.

“Ultimately, it’s about winning the clash of wills,” said Lt. Gen. Keith Walker, deputy commanding general of Futures, and director of the Army Capabilities Integration Center. “You have strategic victory when you influence the will of the people, influence the will of security forces, ultimately influence the will of a government.”

The idea birthed a strategic white paper published in May that identifies the growing problem of linking military action to achieving national objectives. In it, Army leadership makes clear its assertion that weapons alone won’t win a war, and challenges contemporary strategic modeling to consider why past tactical and operational successes have not always achieved strategic outcomes and to seek new ways to prevent and contain conflict.

“Some in the defense community interpret this rebalancing to mean that future conflicts can be prevented or won primarily with standoff technologies and weapons. If warfare were merely a contest of technologies, that might be sufficient,” the cover letter reads. “However, armed conflict is a clash of interests between or among organized groups, each attempting to impose their will on the opposition. In essence, it is fundamentally a human endeavor in which the context of the conflict is determined by both parties. Operations in the land domain (that must increasingly leverage cyber interactions among people) are most effective at achieving the human outcomes that are a prerequisite for achieving national objectives.”

The latest exercise looked at ways to influence the will of the people, to include local and national governments, to achieve set objectives and how the military can change behavior to benefit our national interests. Though revolutionary as a defense strategy, the concept is not new.

Recognizing that democracies flourish when nations reach specified literacy and income levels, the U.S., during the Cold War, worked within the human dimension to increase both within targeted nations. Schools and infrastructure were built. Training was provided. Alliances were formed.

By 1989, as the Soviet Union neared collapse, 29 countries had been democratized (39 were functioning democracies when the Vietnam War ended). In that time, the number of nations allowing free and fair elections jumped from 27.5 percent to 63 percent. Most governments had been toppled without a shot being fired.

But this approach doesn’t always work. Iran’s White Revolution in 1963 had American fingerprints all over it. But it was too much for conservative Muslims led by Ruhollah Khomeini, a people with whom the U.S. had no influence.

Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was ousted in 1979, and 52 American diplomats were held hostage for 444 days.

The strategic landpower exercise also focused on:

■How conventional and Special Forces troops can work together, no matter who is in the lead.

■Using the Internet and social media as a predictive tool or a means to discover trends or indicators of potential flash points.

■How the military can better transition between incoming and outgoing units in relief-in-place/transfer-of-authority environments.

The goal is to improve efforts “left of the bang” by building campaigns and coalitions that can achieve an end state before a joint task force is needed.

“The way we conduct operations [and] engage with host nations — in my view, there was an incomplete body of knowledge about how that should be applied,” said Lt. Gen. Charles Cleveland, USASOC commander.

The white paper identifies two key factors that cause this repetitive shortfall. First, the “physical insularity of the U.S., coupled with its egalitarian ethic, underpins the simplistic idea that other people are like us or, at least, want to be like us.” Second is the American culture’s focus on technology and productivity, which drives a tendency to view conflict as a technical problem to be resolved primarily by technical means.

Army Chief of Staff Gen. Ray Odierno has long asserted that combat ultimately is a human endeavor, and success requires the soldier to understand the human dimension, especially as the world becomes more complex. Simply put, some people will see their government, their society and their circumstance differently than others will.

That means soldiers can expect immersion in language, regional expertise and culture training as the human dimension takes its place in the Army 2020 doctrine. Units assigned to the new deployment model will spend a lot of time training allied armies to do things they are now unable to do. Many missions will be proactive rather than reactive. There will be a lot of joint and partner-building exercises to increase U.S. influence and enhance the nation’s ability to gain access if required.

The question of whether the human dimension should be a domain of war fighting or a seventh war-fighting function has met opposition from some doctrine purists. But its time has come, Cleveland said. He used the example of air power, which was an extension of ground maneuver in World War I. But Billy Mitchell, a seasoned pilot with his sights set on separating the Air Corps from its Army control, did the unthinkable. In 1921, he led a team of pilots who, in 22 minutes, sank the battleship Ostfriesland — a floating fortress that had taken 18 hits from British battleships, struck a mine and was ready for action two months later.

“When he sunk the battleship, eyes opened up,” Cleveland said.

Air power and strategic bombing were primary strategies in World War II, and the Air Force was established two years later.

“We have used traditional land power as a tool, and through most of history, we’ve been able to do that, to some effect,” Cleveland said. “But things are different today. The enemy has coalesced differently. … Traditional land power tools certainly have a place against other land power forces. They are relevant in deterrence and they are relevant in winning the nation’s wars. But … they may not be sufficient as they stand under the current [doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership and education, personnel and facilities] construct to actually prevail.”

To acknowledge the human dimension as the seventh war-fighting function would be “significant and fundamental,” he said.

_________________________

http://www.phantomreport.com/war-clouds-are-looming-on-the-horizon

Source: Frontline

Post image for War clouds are looming on the horizon

War clouds are looming on the horizon

SEPTEMBER 4, 2013

Source: Frontline

The United States’ West Asia policy is likely to ensure that their engineered “Arab Spring”, which the world was so gullable to, will end in an orgy of bloodbath.

THE  (so-named) “Arab Spring” has finally faded out along with all the hoopla of Western-style democracy taking root in the region. Instead, war clouds are looming on the horizon,

with the United States itching to attack Syria and Israel raring to take on the Hizbollah in Lebanon and Hamas in the Gaza Strip. Only Iran in the region has been able to hold elections every four years since the Islamic Revolution of 1979. The elections in that country, despite some checks imposed by the theocratic establishment, have allowed competing factions to have their say. The elected government in Tunisia is just about holding on in the face of intense pressure. The Islamists, who won a majority there, unlike their counterparts in Egypt, had the foresight of forming a more inclusive government that has representatives from the secular parties. Lebanon, too, holds elections, but its archaic Constitution has guaranteed that power is distributed on sectarian lines.

Egypt, the most populous and powerful Arab nation, is back under military control after barely a year under civilian rule. The Egyptian Ambassador to India, Khaled el-Bakly, told Frontline that the happenings in Egypt did not signal the end of the road for the Arab Spring or the growth of democracy in the region. He said the Egyptian Army only intervened when the Muslim Brotherhood refused to listen to the voices of the majority of the people and went resolutely ahead with its plans to enshrine a Constitution that would have given dictatorial powers to the presidency. He pointed out that there was no clause for the impeachment of the President in the proposed Constitution. The army leadership, he said, had tried its best to hammer out a compromise solution between the Brotherhood and its opponents. “Collecting signatures was the only option left for ordinary Egyptians. More than 22 million people signed the petition demanding the dismissal of the Morsy government,” the Ambassador claimed. The army, he said, had no other choice but to side with the “33 million people” who had staged protests all over Egypt.

The diplomat insisted that the military had not usurped power and that a clear road map for holding elections was in place. Bakly said elections would be held in seven to nine months and that he expected all political parties, including the Brotherhood, to participate in them. With its top leadership either in jail or in hiding, the Muslim Brotherhood is unlikely to rise to the bait. It is only recently that the authorities have soft-pedalled talks about banning the organisation. Many observers of the region feel that Egypt may experience the kind of bloody scenario that was witnessed in Algeria in 1991 when the army there stepped in to prevent the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) from coming to power. A brutal civil war followed in which more than a hundred thousand people perished. It took more than a decade for relative calm to prevail in that country. Egyptian officials say that they are prepared for any eventuality and are confident of negating any threat posed by terrorism to national unity.

Sabre-rattling on Syria

The United States, which invested a lot of time and resources in cultivating the Brotherhood, now finds itself between a rock and a hard place in Egypt. People on both sides of the Egyptian divide look at the West with suspicion. The interim government has distanced itself from Morsy’s full-throated endorsement of the jehadis in Syria and has barred Egyptians from going to Syria to wage war. Cairo also voiced its objections to Western military strikes against Syria. The government is also not discouraging moves by the Tamarod movement, which played a key role in organising anti-Morsy demonstrations, from collecting signatures demanding the abrogation of the 1978 Camp David Accord with Israel. In the last week of August, the Barack Obama administration resorted to sabre-rattling on Syria. The spurious “Responsibility to Protect” (R2P) doctrine, which was used to dismember Yugoslavia and later engineer regime change in countries such as Libya, is sought to be replicated in Syria. In all likelihood, the Arab Spring, which had engendered great hopes in the Arab street, is going to end in an orgy of bloodbath. A U.S.-led attack on Syria has the potential to unleash a wider war. Syrian officials have hinted that any U.S. attack on their country would lead to the targeting of Israel. Israel has anyway been carrying out its own military strikes on Syria since the upheaval began two years ago.

The Obama administration got the so-called “proof” of the Syrian government’s involvement in the latest “gas” attack in Damascus from the Mossad, the Israeli intelligence agency. The intelligence, according to U.S. and British media, was based on “official chatter” in Damascus intercepted by Israeli intelligence. British Members of Parliament and Western security experts have refused to fall for the “sexed up” evidence. The U.S., which seemed intent on striking Syria with cruise missiles, has had to backtrack now. The Russian Deputy Foreign Minister, Dmitry Rogozin, had tweeted in the last week of August that the West “behaves towards the Islamic world like a monkey with a grenade”.

All these developments suit Al Qaeda and the assorted Salafist and Takfiri groups fighting for the overthrow of the Syrian government. As recent events have shown, a tacit U.S.-Israel-Saudi Arabia alliance is in play to negate the positive gains of the Arab Spring. The Palestinian cause has been put on the back burner as the focus of the West and its allies is to preserve the authoritarian regimes in countries that also coincidentally have huge hydrocarbon deposits. Reports are rife in the region about the growing cooperation between the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Saudi intelligence and the Mossad, to destabilise Syria and Lebanon, and eventually weaken Iran. The Saudi intelligence chief, Prince Bandar bin Sultan, made a highly publicised visit to Moscow in early August to persuade President Vladimir Putin to ditch the government of Bashar al Assad in lieu of a multibillion dollar arms contract. According to reports in the Arab media, Prince Bandar warned Putin that there was no escape from “the military option” in Syria. But his attempts to convince Moscow were futile. The cruise missile attack planned by the U.S. on the basis of unverified reports of chemical weapons usage was part of the plan to target the Syrian military and help reverse the military setback suffered by the myriad rebel groups.

Prince Bandar has also been credited with being one of the key figures behind the recent events in Egypt. Saudi Arabia, along with its key regional allies, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, assured full diplomatic and financial support to the Egyptian military in its move against the elected civilian government. The three countries together pledged a financial infusion of $12 billion as soon as the military took over, dwarfing the annual tranche of $1.4 billion provided by the U.S. There was some misplaced fear in Cairo that the Obama administration would cut off the annual aid to Egypt. Israel and Egypt are the biggest recipients of American aid. U.S. congressional laws mandate that military aid be cut off if the administration officially characterised a military takeover as a coup. No such thing has happened. The Egyptian military is almost totally dependent on U.S. arms supplies and spares. The U.S. still has a lot of leverage in Egypt but it has decided to go along, at least for the time being, with the Saudi- and, earlier, the Qatari-inspired blueprint for the region. “After all, little Saudi Arabia and tiny Qatar are able to wield such influence in Syria and Egypt today because they have the field virtually to themselves,” observed Jonathan Tepperman, managing editor of the American journal Foreign Affairs, in a recent column in The New York Times.

There is no love lost between the Saudi monarchy and the Muslim Brotherhood. The removal of Hosni Mubarak in 2011 and the victory of the Brotherhood in the elections held in June 2012 came as a shock to the Saudi rulers. This antipathy has not prevented Saudi Arabia and its allies from continuing to support the Brotherhood and other Islamist groups in countries such as Syria and Iraq. The primary aim of the monarchies is to ward off imminent threats to their regimes. The Muslim Brotherhood is the most organised political movement existing at this juncture in the Arab world although moves are afoot to purge it from its strongest bastion—Egypt. The new dispensation in Cairo has the full support of Saudi Arabia and its allies in its efforts to marginalise the Brotherhood as a political force.

Courted by the U.S.

The Brotherhood branch in Egypt, until the other day, was courted by the U.S. and the West and presented to the rest of the world as an illustration of moderate Islamists with whom the international community could do business. The Mohamed Morsy government showed no signs of deviating from the foreign policy line or the neoliberal economic policies of the Mubarak government. It swore by the Camp David agreement with Israel. The government in Cairo actually tightened the blockade on the hapless Gaza Strip, though Hamas, a branch of the Brotherhood, was in control of the territory. Now the Brotherhood is being accused of encouraging “terrorism” by the Egyptian government and its main ally at the moment, Saudi Arabia, although the large protests it launched were generally peaceful. The Saudi monarch, King Abdullah, publicly pledged to wholeheartedly support the Egyptian military to root out “terrorism, extremism and sedition”. And in an unprecedented move, he implicitly criticised the U.S. and Qatar “for fanning the fire of sedition and promoting terrorism, which they claim to be fighting”. Qatar was the main financial backer of the Brotherhood, and the Obama administration had cultivated strong links with its leadership.

The recent events in the region have given a new lease of life to the American game plan of balkanising the region. This idea was aired by the neoconservatives who dominated the George Bush administration. The doyen among American diplomats, former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, has clearly spelt out this goal once again. “There are three clear possible outcomes in Syria. An Assad victory. A Sunni victory. Or an outcome in which the various nationalities agree to coexist together but in more or less autonomous regions,” Kissinger said in a recent speech delivered at the University of Michigan. He went on to add that he preferred the third solution, pointing out that Syria was created by the French and Iraq by the British in order to facilitate their control of the countries.

The Yemeni Nobel Peace laureate Tawakul Karman said that the events in Egypt sounded the death knell for the Arab Spring and the democratic movement in the region. Tawakul Karman is a member of the Yemeni branch of the Brotherhood and was awarded the Peace Prize for her political activism in her home country. “The Arab Spring is about building democracy. A military coup is an antithesis of that. It undermines everything,” she said. She was particularly scathing about Secretary of State John Kerry’s remark that the army’s intervention in Egypt was aimed at “restoring democracy”. An important factor behind the revolution that overthrew Mubarak was the plunging living standards of the people. Forty per cent of the people were living on less than $3 a day. A big majority of the young people continue to remain unemployed. The challenges ahead for Egypt and the wider Arab world are daunting. The so-called revolution in Libya succeeded after being led “from behind” by the U.S. Today, the country is caught in the vortex of political and economic chaos as various regions and tribes jockey of controlling its energy resources. Islamist militant groups have ceased to be under the control of the foreign powers that had armed them in their fight to overthrow the Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi.

From the outset, the forces unleashed by the Arab Spring were channelled by the West and their conservative allies in the region to destabilise republican governments in the Arab world with an independent foreign policy. The revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt were triggered by popular upheavals and without the consent of the West. The ousted Tunisian President, Ben Ali, and Hosni Mubarak were loyal allies of Washington. To control the forces unleashed by the Arab Spring and stem the tide of genuine change, the U.S. and its allies in the region devised the strategy of encouraging sectarian forces. The bogey of an emerging “Shia crescent”, comprising Iran, Iraq Syria, and the Hizbollah, was conveniently raised. Syria, the only country which has a truly secular Constitution and which is home to an amalgam of ethnic groups and faiths, was specifically targeted for regime change. The Sunni-Shia divide is being sought to be accentuated by the West in Syria, Iraq and Lebanon where Iran has considerable influence. The strife is also being encouraged to prevent Iran from gaining influence in Egypt, Yemen and Bahrain. The majority of the population in Bahrain is Shia and Yemen has a large minority Shia population.

By JOHN CHERIAN

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_________________

ALGERIA   —  MALI:

Algeria’s Army Mobilizes On South and East Borders

11 SEPTEMBER 2013

Source: Al Monitor

http://www.phantomreport.com/algerias-army-mobilizes-on-south-and-east-borders

Algeria has raised the alert level of its troops along its southern and eastern border. This suggests that there are plans to target the country, which prompted President Abdelaziz Bouteflika to end the period of rest he was observing and meet with the Army Chief of Staff Gen. Kaid Salih twice in less than a week. In parallel, security arrangements were made on the ground along the Algerian border.

Algeria is focusing on its eastern and southern neighbors, in a way that the task of “securing the border” has become the country’s first priority. This carries concerns indicating that the relevant authorities have reports confirming that there is a danger coming from the border. For this reason, Bouteflika, who is ill, met twice with Salih and multiple times with Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal, to discuss the situation and give instructions to strengthen border security through arrangements tighter than those made ​​by the army during the French military intervention in northern Mali.

In conjunction with those meetings, there were talks that go beyond “fighting terrorism” and resemble “reactions to a potential external aggression,” and that do not differ from the language used by Foreign Minister Mourad Medelci on Canal Algerie TV on Sept 9. Medelci stressed that the importance of “staying vigilant and assuming the responsibility to protect our country, while cooperating with neighboring countries in this regard.” One day following his meeting with Bouteflika, accompanied by Sellal, Medelci said, “We are working with the Libyans, Tunisians, Nigerians and Mauritanians, in addition to other Sahel region countries.” He also confirmed that Bouteflika attaches “great importance” to this issue and frequently hosts the chief of staff of the People’s National Army to discuss these issues.

The official “reaction” in terms of border security indicates that this issue has become Bouteflika’s “most important” concern. It is equally or even more important than the problems that accompany the back-to-school season, and more important than the cabinet’s meetings, which usually decide on such issues. The new language has clearly resulted from efforts to tighten the security grip, in the eyes of an authority that believes that “the attack in Tigantourine will not be repeated at any cost.”

This message was understood by the petroleum companies’ executives (and political guardians), which evacuated the gas field in Tigantourine after the January 2013 attack. Thus, they decided to return after receiving assurances from the authorities reached during talks held in the past few weeks. The talks ended with a decision by British Petroleum (BP), which operates in the gas field with the Norwegian oil giant Statoil, to return to Algeria. Britain’s ambassador to Algeria Martin Roper said on Sunday, Sept. 8, that BP employees will soon return to Algeria. For this purpose, a British delegation came to Algeria.

The Algerian authorities realized that the French intervention in northern Mali to expel terrorist groups was only the beginning of a new battle against terrorism, or against those who use terrorism to develop plans to destroy the sovereignty of countries. This is because a terrorist threat greater than the one in the past has produced terrorist alliances enabling the Masked Brigade — led by Mokhtar Belmokhtar, also known as Laaouar, the mastermind of the attack in the town of In Amenas — and the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa, to be unified in a new group called al-Mourabitoun, to expand terrorist activity and establish an Islamic state.

The new security alert, which prompted Bouteflika to meet the media outside the walls of the Muradiya presidential palace, suggests that the Algerian position is “in a state of despair” about the effectiveness of allied countries in thwarting the movements of terrorist groups in the Sahel region. (The Algerian army has more equipment and troops than the armies of the other five countries in the Sahel region.) Algeria has preferred to direct its efforts toward the internal arena and to promote its border security, rather than dissipating its capabilities in a barren desert, to no avail, while focusing on pursuing active members in various parts of the country. Algerian state TV has recently attached greater importance to news about eliminating terrorists. At the same time, the army is issuing statements on the outcomes of efforts to combat terrorism.

There is another fact that stands behind the focus on border security, which is the largest in history, except perhaps that witnessed when late President Houari Boumediene tightened the country’s security along the border during the Algerian-Moroccan conflict. This has to do with the attempt by terrorist groups to restore their presence, by fleeing northern Mali into southern Libya and using the region as a new sanctuary. This has raised the fears of even the European Union, in the light of a statement by Gilles de Kerchove, EU counter-terrorism coordinator, in the Wahran province in June, stating that the threat of terrorism will also come from southern Libya.

Read more: Al Monitor
The Algerian army mobilizes in a pre-emptive measure against terrorism on its borders. Picture taken May 1, 2013. (photo by REUTERS/Louafi Larbi)
By: Mohammed Charrak Translated from El-Khabar (Algeria).
اقرا المقال الأصلي باللغة العربية

Algeria has raised the alert level of its troops along its southern and eastern border. This suggests that there are plans to target the country, which prompted President Abdelaziz Bouteflika to end the period of rest he was observing and meet with the Army Chief of Staff Gen. Kaid Salih twice in less than a week. In parallel, security arrangements were made on the ground along the Algerian border.

About This Article

Summary :

In a sign that there may be renewed terrorist activity along its borders, the Algerian army has mobilized its troops in what look to be pre-emptive measures.

Publisher: El-Khabar (Algeria)
Original Title:
Algeria’s Army Mobilizes Along South and East Borders
Author: Mohammed Charrak
First Published: September 11, 2013
Posted on: September 11 2013
Translated by: Joelle El-Khoury

Algeria is focusing on its eastern and southern neighbors, in a way that the task of “securing the border” has become the country’s first priority. This carries concerns indicating that the relevant authorities have reports confirming that there is a danger coming from the border. For this reason, Bouteflika, who is ill, met twice with Salih and multiple times with Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal, to discuss the situation and give instructions to strengthen border security through arrangements tighter than those made ​​by the army during the French military intervention in northern Mali.

In conjunction with those meetings, there were talks that go beyond “fighting terrorism” and resemble “reactions to a potential external aggression,” and that do not differ from the language used by Foreign Minister Mourad Medelci on Canal Algerie TV on Sept 9. Medelci stressed that the importance of “staying vigilant and assuming the responsibility to protect our country, while cooperating with neighboring countries in this regard.” One day following his meeting with Bouteflika, accompanied by Sellal, Medelci said, “We are working with the Libyans, Tunisians, Nigerians and Mauritanians, in addition to other Sahel region countries.” He also confirmed that Bouteflika attaches “great importance” to this issue and frequently hosts the chief of staff of the People’s National Army to discuss these issues.

The official “reaction” in terms of border security indicates that this issue has become Bouteflika’s “most important” concern. It is equally or even more important than the problems that accompany the back-to-school season, and more important than the cabinet’s meetings, which usually decide on such issues. The new language has clearly resulted from efforts to tighten the security grip, in the eyes of an authority that believes that “the attack in Tigantourine will not be repeated at any cost.”

This message was understood by the petroleum companies’ executives (and political guardians), which evacuated the gas field in Tigantourine after the January 2013 attack. Thus, they decided to return after receiving assurances from the authorities reached during talks held in the past few weeks. The talks ended with a decision by British Petroleum (BP), which operates in the gas field with the Norwegian oil giant Statoil, to return to Algeria. Britain’s ambassador to Algeria Martin Roper said on Sunday, Sept. 8, that BP employees will soon return to Algeria. For this purpose, a British delegation came to Algeria.

The Algerian authorities realized that the French intervention in northern Mali to expel terrorist groups was only the beginning of a new battle against terrorism, or against those who use terrorism to develop plans to destroy the sovereignty of countries. This is because a terrorist threat greater than the one in the past has produced terrorist alliances enabling the Masked Brigade — led by Mokhtar Belmokhtar, also known as Laaouar, the mastermind of the attack in the town of In Amenas — and the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa, to be unified in a new group called al-Mourabitoun, to expand terrorist activity and establish an Islamic state.

The new security alert, which prompted Bouteflika to meet the media outside the walls of the Muradiya presidential palace, suggests that the Algerian position is “in a state of despair” about the effectiveness of allied countries in thwarting the movements of terrorist groups in the Sahel region. (The Algerian army has more equipment and troops than the armies of the other five countries in the Sahel region.) Algeria has preferred to direct its efforts toward the internal arena and to promote its border security, rather than dissipating its capabilities in a barren desert, to no avail, while focusing on pursuing active members in various parts of the country. Algerian state TV has recently attached greater importance to news about eliminating terrorists. At the same time, the army is issuing statements on the outcomes of efforts to combat terrorism.

There is another fact that stands behind the focus on border security, which is the largest in history, except perhaps that witnessed when late President Houari Boumediene tightened the country’s security along the border during the Algerian-Moroccan conflict. This has to do with the attempt by terrorist groups to restore their presence, by fleeing northern Mali into southern Libya and using the region as a new sanctuary. This has raised the fears of even the European Union, in the light of a statement by Gilles de Kerchove, EU counter-terrorism coordinator, in the Wahran province in June, stating that the threat of terrorism will also come from southern Libya.

Yet, Kerchove did not expect the eastern gap to draw the attention of not only Algeria and Tunisia. This “surprising” fact caused the troops to be mobilized at the border, following the growing activity of terrorist groups in Jebel ech Chambi and their attacks against the Tunisian army. These attacks resulted in casualties among Tunisian troops, and prompted the Algerian army to send ground and air reinforcements to protect the border, in addition to the units stationed at the border with Libya. Although these reinforcements are designed to support the fronts on the ground against terrorism, they reflect the authorities’ view that there are medium-term plans to target the country, among Arab and regional targets. This is in light of reports that have been circulating that Tunisia has accepted a US offer to establish camps to combat terrorism on Tunisian territory adjacent to Algeria. Yet, the Tunisian Foreign Ministry was quick to deny those reports

EGYPT:

Sky News: Egyptian # court requires solving # Brotherhood group and ban its activities in # Egypt and the reservation headquarters.

______________________

http://www.phantomreport.com/pentagons-kinetic-operations-expands-to-a-four-nation-region-of-uganda-
south-sudan-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-and-the-central-african-republic

Source: Military Times
USA WORLD DOMINATOR: FIRST COURSE, AFRICA!!

Post image for Pentagon’s kinetic operations expands to a four-nation region of Uganda, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic.

Pentagon’s kinetic operations expands to a four-nation region of Uganda, South Sudan, the

Democratic Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic.

13 SEPTEMBER 12013

Source: Military Times

The Pentagon mission to help four central African nations track warlord Joseph Kony could extend deep into 2015, according to records released Wednesday.

As part of Operation Observant Compass, the United States is providing military advisers and transport services in a four-nation region of Uganda, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic. The operation started in October 2011 when President Obama authorized the deployment of about 100 special operations forces to the region to help Uganda stop Kony and his Lord’s Resistance Army.

The document posted by the U.S. Transportation Command calls for an extension of helicopter services that would be based in Obo, a city in the southeastern Central African Republic. The two helicopters will fly about 150 hours a month, with a special “surge” period that would add 30 more hours of flight time for a two-week period. The contract solicitation spells out requirements into November 2015.

While the helicopter contractor will fly troops into combat areas, the “contractor will not be required to fly within 1,000 meters of current and on-going reported kinetic operations or areas that have reported activity within 12 hours prior to mission execution,” the document says. “Kinetic operations are defined as situations where friendly forces are actively engaged under hostile fire.”

About 20 percent of the flight missions, the contract solicitation says, will be flown at night and require the use of night-vision goggles to make navigation possible.

Kony has been engaged in a regional power struggle that started in Uganda in the 1980s and is accused of directing atrocities during that time. He is wanted by the International Criminal Court and is believed to be hiding in the Central African Republic. The international manhunt for Kony was delayed in March because of a coup in that long-troubled country.

The increased U.S. presence in sub-Saharan Africa, including the opening of a drone base in Niger, has created concerns in Congress about the cost of Operation Observant Compass and the need to spend money elsewhere. The House Armed Services Committee’s 2014 defense bill released in June contains a request for the Pentagon to send the committee a report by Sept. 30 asking for specific goals for the operation, how progress will be measured and how to transition U.S. forces out of the mission when it’s over.

“This issue is particularly pressing since the requirements for intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) assets remain high in other regions of the continent of Africa, particularly in North and East Africa, due to al-Qaeda-affiliated and oriented terrorist groups,” the House committee report said.

The House defense bill doesn’t specify an amount for ISR spending. The Senate Armed Services Committee’s version of the 2014 defense bill calls for a $15 million cut in ISR spending, but the Senate Appropriations Committee’s 2014 spending includes a $30 million increase.

None of the bills has passed the full House or Senate so far this year.

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http://www.phantomreport.com/guns-amid-poverty-the-defence-industrys-new-scramble-for-africa

Source: World Outline
Post image for Guns amid poverty: the defence industry’s new ‘Scramble for Africa’

Guns amid poverty: the defence industry’s new ‘Scramble for Africa’

12 SEPTEMBER  2013

Source: World Outline

In a strange parallel to the great nineteenth century’s ‘Scramble for Africa’, the world’s poorest continent is set once again to become the object of fierce Western competition. However, whereas Cecil Rhodes and Rudyard Kipling waxed lyrical about colonial possessions and the ‘White man’s burden’, today the prize takes the form of lucrative defence contracts and licenses for the local manufacture of hardware. As you might imagine, this is a very different ‘scramble’ altogether.

Africa, which accounts for twenty percent of the world’s landmass and approximately fifteen percent of its population, is expected to spend over $20bn on defence projects over the next decade. As the European defence market becomes ever more bereft of big spenders and Asian markets face strong competition from China, Africa’s 54 states will constitute the last major geopolitical frontier for defence companies.

A significant majority of the weapons and military vehicles currently found in areas such as the Congo, Rwanda and Somalia are antiquated and relatively primitive. In many cases, Soviet assault rifles and rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs) are the most easily obtained weapons, and derivatives of the famed Kalashnikov AK-47 rifle remain the most common feature of those arsenals outside of NATO’s remit.

In fact, a Nigerian news source suggests that ‘At least 70 million [are] in circulation around the world’, lamenting that ‘millions…have cluttered Africa’. It is of little surprise that ‘countries such as China and the Ukraine continue to hawk their stockpiles’ to African militias at cut-down prices; anything to be rid of old wears.

Perhaps the most dangerous element of these weapons is their pure simplicity, resulting in almost miraculous durability. The AK-47 is famed for being ‘nearly indestructible’, and can allegedly be buried under ground for years and still operate with virtually no maintenance. Clearly there is a considerable problem with the prevalence of cheap arms on a mass scale, but amid this on-going concern is a growing security challenge likely to add fuel to the fire.

At the end of last month, Defense News reported that with the spread of ‘terrorists and Islamic militants’ from the Middle East to Africa, governments will soon require greater defence capabilities to guarantee security. Analysts have pointed to the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (NMLA), an insurgent group in Mali believed to hold links with Al Qaeda, as an example of the future trend that may overwhelm susceptible states. At the more extreme end of the scale is groups such as Ansar Dine (‘Defenders of Islam’ in Arabic), a fundamentalist militia operating in Mali that calls ‘for the national imposition of Sharia law’.

French military involvement has perhaps been an indication of just how serious the threat to local security is, and Europe will certainly be looking to contain the problem. With gentle coercion, African defence ministries will look to negotiate ‘better firepower, improved armed mobility and stronger force protection’ as the danger becomes more widespread.

South Africa has been a pioneer during this new wave of interest, and has allegedly negotiated licensing deals with ‘Swiss, US, Russian, Brazilian, Malaysian and French companies.’ Local rifle producer Truvelo has partnered with Colt Defense, the famed American arms manufacturer, to produce sniper rifles that meet increased ‘police and military’ demand. A similar deal was penned between South African aerospace company Denel and Swiss firm B&T ‘paving the way [for the production of] small arms ranging from sub-machineguns to grenade launchers’.

In other regional deals, Algeria is interested in purchasing armoured vehicles from Turkish company Otokar, whilst last year the Serbian Military Technology Institute negotiated with the Kenyan government for armoured vehicles and artillery. Ammunition factories are to be established in Libya and Egypt, and other deals for hardware with Sudan and Somalia are in the pipeline. Fundamentally, African governments will be looking to ‘protect newly found on-shore and off-shore hydro-carbon resources, such as natural gas and petroleum’.

Whilst there is undoubtedly considerable demand for state-of-the-art weaponry in the region, and governments are well within their rights to better secure their national interests, large-scale arms deals do raise questions over the future of a continent already stricken with poverty and secular violence. Defence contractors will understandably always be looking to increase profits and expand their trade, but it is uncertain how much ethical consideration is given before technology is handed over.

It is concerning that so much government money will be invested into arms deals when the UN has warned that 22 of the 24 lowest Human Development Index nations are in Sub-Saharan Africa, and in some instances GDP per capita is less than $200 a year. However, pumping aid into the region is not necessarily the answer. A 2005 report suggested that a staggering proportion of the $500bn of aid sent to Africa over the last forty years has been embezzled through corrupt institutions; the so-called ‘leaky begging bowl’. It would be interesting to know how much of this will fund armaments over the next decade.

On face value, at least, it seems irresponsible to hand over so much destructive technology when the proliferation of small arms is already of major concern. Yet, as seen among the BRICs, Africa’s emerging states are looking to exert influence on the global stage and sustain the regional balance of power. The extremes of religious fundamentalism, previously a threat associated with Western foreign policy, will now have a much greater impact on countries such as Mali and Egypt. Considerable assurances will be required that governments will not allow their purchases to fall into the hands of dissident groups.

The West’s ‘burden’ has become an unforgiving exercise in addressing Africa’s chronic deficiencies, whilst also providing it with the tools to foster instability. It is, of course, naive to think that disarmament is either realistic or desirable, but the situation in Africa is a complex web of security, poverty and exploitation. Perhaps the UN’s adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty this year after twenty long years of deliberation will go some way toward reversing the problem. It sets out to ‘prohibit states from transferring conventional weapons to countries when they know those weapons would be used to commit or facilitate genocide, crimes against humanity or war crimes’.

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CIA’s secret global business of narcotics smuggling and weapons trade

http://www.phantomreport.com/cias-secret-global-business-of-narcotics-smuggling-and-weapons-trade

Source: Pakistan Today

Drug trade goes on unchecked in Afghanistan

If one goes by the American measurement, the saying goes that they do not start a venture unless they are sure about its cost not going from their own kitty.

The Afghan venture does not seemingly pay them as does Iraq’s but permitting poppy cultivation to the Afghan warlords and bigwigs favouring the US intervention
was the bid to justify finances of their stay in that country.It is now an open secret, and everyone knows it, as to who runs the largest global business of narcotics smuggling and weapons trade. Dig down just a little of these areas and you’ll find the American CIA sitting behind the scenes, smiling broadly and exposing widely its ugly teeth. There are certain local aides in various countries, which also play as the front men. We all know as to who urged and supported the Afghans to restart growing poppy after the fall of Taliban regime. The American intelligence is known for continuously playing dirty games in the South American countries which are considered as heavens for production and trade of narcotics.No one can judge as the Americans fund Pakistan’s Anti-Narcotics Force, coupled with diplomatic pressures, to stop drug trafficking in the country, but when it comes to ISAF and the government in Kabul, the story comes out far more different. The fact that poppy cultivation in Afghanistan has increased and its income is being utilised by terrorists to buy weapons surprises many in the world.Poppy cultivation is increasing in 28 of the country’s 32 provinces. Today, between 90 to 95 percent of the world’s supply of opium comes from Afghanistan. This is despite Mr Karzai laid out a comprehensive National Drug Control Strategy for Afghanistan based on four key priorities: (a) disrupting the drug trade by targeting traffickers and their backers; (b) strengthening and diversifying legal rural livelihood; (c) reducing the demand for illicit drugs and treatment of problems of drug users; (d) developing state institutions at the central and provincial levels. This is despite a NATO drive, as reported in a recent New York Times report, to disrupt Afghanistan’s drug trade. The reason being cited is that the NATO and ISAF member countries’ law at home does not allow the soldiers to carry out operations against the poppy cultivation, etc. The objections were raised despite an agreement that the alliance’s campaign in Afghanistan would be broadened to include attacks on narcotics facilities, traffickers, and middlemen and drug lords whose profits helped to finance insurgent groups.American policymakers and military officers used to say that it was critical to choke off the drug money that sustained the insurgency, much as they were working with Pakistan to “halt the use of its tribal areas as a haven by the Taliban and other antigovernment forces just across the border from Afghanistan.”Twelve years after the rout of al-Qaeda and the fall of Taliban, disagreements over how aggressively NATO forces should have gone after the insurgency’s chief source of revenue are only the latest hurdle in a campaign that has been troubled by disputes between the United States and some of its allies about what role NATO soldiers should play in a mission cast as “security assistance.” The UN figures show that Afghan insurgents reap more than $100 million a year from the drug trade, although some estimates put the figure at five times as much. A NATO commander said profit from the narcotics trade “buys the bomb makers and the bombs, the bullets and the trigger-pullers that are killing our soldiers and marines and airmen, and we have to stop them.”

Such efforts, if made by NATO and allies, failed to control poppy cultivation. Recent survey conducted jointly by the Afghan Ministry of Counter-Narcotics and the UN Office on Drugs and Crimes predicted an upsurge in the poppy cultivation area. The survey showed an increasing trend in the poppy cultivation in 13 provinces, especially Helmand, Ghor, Uruzgan, Zabul, Nangarhar, Leghman and Badakshan. Opium serves as “the main engine of economic growth” in Afghanistan but “there is little on the ground to suggest that practical steps have been taken to set off this menace,” said an Afghan journalist based in Peshawar.

As the Peshawar-based Afghan journalist Eschmall Sardar reported in her article that NATO and EU officials had refused to lead a hand-on role in fighting the narco problem. “One reality is that ISAF has only some 52,000 troops on the ground: the Helmand province is home to a significant proportion of ISAF troops and yet still cultivates some 50% of the opium produced in Afghanistan.” The irony of current times is the ease with which the biggest culprits on globe could manipulate the facts and figures to paint a whole scenario based upon certain illusions and holograms.

There is no denying the fact that the Indians and Afghans are deeply involved in destabilizing Pakistan, especially in the tribal areas, which is evident from a report that made startling disclosures as the three arrested terrorists Khurram Ishtiaq, Ghulam Mustafa and Shamim confessed that RAW was behind the suicide attacks in Pakistan and it had funneled Rs680m through its links with Afghan secret agency.

“The gang working under Qari Hussain, Farrukh Usman, Shahjee and Ustad Tayyab Baba admitted that they belonged to the group who had been deputed to “destabilize Pakistan”. The militants were caught red-handed possessing complete suicide kits with two jackets and 70 kg of explosive and detonators. But the most startling was the disclosure that the Indian RAW, in collaboration with CIA and allied countries’ intelligence agencies, was involved in drug trafficking in order to fund insurgency inside Pakistan.

Veteran journalist Rahimullah recalls that the only era in which the poppy cultivation was stopped was that of Mullah Omar during the Taliban regime. “This seems untrue that the Taliban ‘insurgents’ today depend on a trade which they practically banned during their period of government.” In fact it is only being propagated that the Taliban are involved, while the fact of the matter is NATO and ISAF forces are directly are indirectly allowing this trade to flourish because this way they can win the hearts of the warlords who have provided them shield in their respective areas against the Taliban. The whole process of poppy cultivation, transportation, processing, and the like is more than a Taliban-al-Qaeda event; it is pervasive through much of the Afghan society, and divides the population from both ISAF and national governance. “It is not surprising, therefore, that some 60% to 70% of the Afghan parliament is occupied by former mujahideen, former Communists, drug barons, and warlords, who not only control both houses of parliament but, as a result, prevent the establishment of the central government’s writ across the country.”

The Kabul government is hardly in a position to marginalize the members of parliament who play drug games from their respective constituencies. Undoubtedly, the drug menace of Afghanistan has indirectly got massive encouragement from the Americans themselves, who allowed the warlords to re-establish their hold in many parts of Afghanistan. The warlords restarted opium cultivation towards which the Americans turned a blind eye as they needed support to strengthen their installed regime in Kabul and to keep the Taliban at bay. As per AP report for the Taliban in Afghanistan and Pakistan, money comes from extortion, crime and drugs. Narco-dollar is their major funding source besides extortion and kidnapping.

Shumaila Raja is a freelance journalist based in Rawalpindi. She can be reached at schuma.raja@yahoo.com

CIA’s secret global business of narcotics smuggling and weapons trade — Phantom Report
Source: Pakistan Today Drug trade goes on unchecked in Afghanistan If one goes by the American measurement, the saying goes that they
http://www.blacklistednews.com/CIA%E2%80%99s_secret_global_business_of_narcotics_smuggling_and_weapons_trade/28976/0/38/38/Y/M.html

________________

Syria:

Post image for Turkey confirms Syrian rebels with Al Qaida ties sought chemical weapons

Turkey confirms Syrian rebels with Al Qaida ties sought chemical weapons

15 SEPTEMBER 2013

Source: World Tribune

Turkey has acknowledged that Syrian rebels were seeking to acquire chemical weapons.Prosecutors have determined that Sunni rebels linked to Al Qaida were ordering precursors required for chemical weapons.

The prosecutors have completed an indictment that charged a Syrian national with establishing a CW support network for the rebels who have been fighting the regime of President Bashar Assad.

“The suspects have pleaded not guilty saying that they had not been aware the materials they had tried to obtain could have been used to make sarin gas,” the indictment, filed in a court in the southern Turkish province of Hatay, said.

This marked the first time that Turkey confirmed claims by Russia and Syria that Al Qaida-aligned rebel militias were acquiring CW precursors for attacks against the Syrian Army and security forces. In early September, the United States, which blamed such attacks on the Assad regime, issued an intelligence assessment that ruled out any CW effort by the rebels.

The Turkish indictment identified Haitham Qassap as head of the Syrian rebel CW network. Prosecutors said the the 35-year-old Qassap formed links to supply CW precursors to the Al Qaida-aligned Nusra Front for the Protection of the Levant and the Al Ahrar Al Sham Brigades.

Prosecutors said Qassap, based in the Turkish city of Antakya, appeared to be seeking chemicals for the production of sarin. They said the Syrian, deemed the leading defendant, telephoned Turkish companies and requested at least eight chemicals. Two of the eight items required a permit by Turkish authorities.

So far, 11 people have been arrested in connection with the rebel CW network. Six of them — Qassap and five Turkish nationals — continued to be held in an investigation that began in late May 2013. The indictment said Qassap confessed to being an agent for Ahrar. He was quoted as saying that he had been sent to Antakya by Ahrar leader Abu Walid and was contacted by Syrian rebel militias for supplies.

“After I arrived in Antakya, other rebel groups had come into contact with me,” the indictment quoted Qassap as saying. “While some had asked me for medicine and other humanitarian aid supplies, others wanted to obtain military equipment.”

Officials said Turkey has been urged by Russia and Syria to stop the flow of CW precursors from Hatay. They said specific information on a suspected Syrian rebel CW network was relayed to Ankara in the spring of 2013.

“Suspects have been consistently providing conflicting and incoherent facts on this matter,” the indictment said.

Post image for After Syria’s next step will be the Caspian Sea region

After Syria’s next step will be the Caspian Sea region

03 SEPTEMBER  2013

Source: geopolityka.org

Translated:

The reasons why the U.S. sooner or later invade Bashar al-Assad, about what Americans “wall of fire” in the Middle East and what threatens Russia in the event of impact in Syria, said in an interview with the portal Nakanunie.ru, President of the Academy of Problems Geopolitical Colonel General Leonid Ivashov. Леонид Ивашов: Если Россия сдаст Сирию, то следующим шагом ее выдавят из Каспийского моря

Question: This is not the first time in the case of Syria, it is claimed that chemical weapons were used as a pretext for invasion. How much do you think it is likely that there will be some form of intervention now?

Leonid Ivashov: Item not wb drops the chemical thing is not in the person of Bashar al-Assad, for not even including the chemical weapons were used or not, and who it applied. Americans have decided to destroy Syria. They started the operation more than two and a half years ago. They financed their allies spent considerable money, and finally at stake in this game has become their political identity. They failed to push through a resolution in the UN Security Council failed to break Bashar al-Assad with the help of mercenaries and local opposition, so I decided to go for it. In order to break the resistance of Bashar al-Assad must break the resistance of Russia and China. No war, no force solution to the Syrian Americans today face rubbing, and thus a monopoly on the global geopolitical power. I honestly do not care about them especially if there’s a chemical weapon or not, and whether it was used or not. These issues are relevant to their own public opinion (the opinion of other societies they absolutely do not listen). Apparently there are too wise if nothing but chemical weapons are not able to come up.

эсминец, ВМС США, флот|Фото:

Q: The decision to destroy Syria has been taken, but before the West led mainly financing. We all ask ourselves the question whether the West will join the conflict in a way that is open, engaging militarily?

Leonid Ivashov: What about them today in the mind? But besides dry speeches Foreign Ministry officials, Putin and other Władirmira absolutely nothing shortcomings are not. But we were committed to that, if there is a threat of armed aggression against a sovereign state, we do everything we can to protect them – is the principle of individual and collective defense. We must as a permanent member of the Security Council to expand its online this issue. We did not do what it takes to convene the General Assembly of the United Nations in connection with the threat of international peace and that shadow hung over the third world war. Humanity has entrusted to us as one of the five countries, its security – I’m talking about permanent members of the UN Security Council, why do we have to sit and wait – “if it comes to attack or not”?

We need to attack the political and diplomatic means, and use the tools Russia-NATO cooperation and warned: the first rocket that will be launched will be tantamount to breaking a basis for Russia-NATO leave all common structures, we refer all their representatives and announce their “enemies of peace”. Why can not we do this? Why not conduct consultations within the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, BRICS and the League of Arab States? We do not do anything. Because the government is venal. They sold everyone. Most of the Russian leadership keeps its capital abroad, they have their property there, etc. It’s noose around his neck. All western service exactly observe and put conditions: You mumble something, express protests but he did not do, so there was no aggression – then your capital will be unaffected. If you too active, would freeze your account, your real estate. I have often already had done, showing us its willingness to do so. That’s why we give, sell their friends, their nation, their own independence.

корабль ВМС США, томагавк, ракета, залп|Фото:

Question: Why Syria?

Leonid Ivashov: One of the challenges of the modern Western world, especially transnational financial capital, is to create an arc of instability from Tunisia to China. This whole area is on fire. Smoke in Pakistan, Afghanistan burns, burns midnight Africa, and here we have Syria and Iran, which are an obstacle to the fire, do not let him. Therefore, you must set them on fire – the first task. But there is also a second job. Today, a new world is emerging. Putin said the Eurasian Union, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, activates in the construction of a new order, order of the East. Americans understand what is dangerous for them, they can wake up in the global system, which will play a secondary role. Thus robbing other nations, becoming rich at their expense can be suppressed. Therefore, raised a great conflict by Syria to ground Russia, China, and warned other countries.

Question: America has lost a lot of money to armed conflict, and many experts believe that the new war on a large scale, it simply “can not afford”. 

алеппо сирия|Фото: АР

Leonid Ivashov: Americans will not “fall” into the jungle and fight just as in Vietnam. They have a foot in the form of mercenaries to fight shed Qatar, Saud, his special forces will bomb and shoot rockets together with France and Great Britain. They will try to destroy the Syrian leadership. Perhaps such a scenario occurs, as in the case of Muammar Gaddafi, when a task force seized him and handed fighters who lynched him. Variations of the Syrian leadership is here much. Since we will be dealing with a predominance of the military forces of that party will be insolence, it will be fascism. On the Russian side will have to deal with an expression of regret, a slight protest – in fact it will support. Syrians will be extremely difficult to withstand the pressure – both politically and militarily. Syria has already been driven to isolation, economic or any other.

Question: Who would support the Syrians, that is, whether the state after Iran? 

Leonid Ivashov: Iran may occur informally. He understands that when you run out of Syria, supplement stores that hit in that country. He will help possibly with the help of its volunteers, ammunition, weapons, etc. Syria for two years at war with the so-called. The Free Syrian Army, no one understands how political opposition alongside the sudden appearance of an entire army. During this period, have reduced their supplies, they have a problem with the ammunition, missiles, including anti-aircraft. There are also problems with the technical materials, etc.

Question: It’s twenty years The U.S. remains the global hegemon. How long is this going to go on, in your opinion, where is the limit to which they can not cross? 

Leonid Ivashov: This will last as long as the power in Russia will be venal as long as time to play with them. All of these arguments, Snowden and the other is a smokescreen to support the fascist politics. Russia has a lot to do, but it does not, it means that there is a conspiracy. “Do what you want, please Destroy Syria, and we were to completely lose the respect of the nation, we will sometimes popiskiwać notes of condemnation, protest music, etc. We’ll give you a free hand but let us know a little pomiauczeć”.

Crowd: Kornel Sawiński 
Source: http://www.nakanune.ru/articles/18048/ 
Fig. globalconflict.ru

теракт Сирия Дамаск|Фото: anhar.livejournal.com

Flashback March 11, 2013: Pentagon is sending artillery,

armored vehicles and different weapons

systems from Afghanistan to the rebel groups in Syria

12 SEPTEMBER  2013

 Post image for Flashback March 11, 2013: Pentagon is sending artillery, armored vehicles and different weapons systems from Afghanistan to the rebel groups in Syria

Source: Pakistan Observer/AP

The US is sending the artilleries, armored vehicles and different weapons systems of its troops pulled out from Afghanistan to the rebel groups in Syria, a ranking US military source disclosed.

A ranking member of the US marine troops deployed in Afghanistan told FNA that the Pentagon made the decision to send a major part of its light and semi-heavy weapons systems and military equipment to the Syrian rebels along with its pullout from Afghanistan when the former US Defense Secretary, Leon Panetta, was still in office.

“The decision to send our arms and weapons systems in Afghanistan to the rebel groups in Syria was originally made when the former US Secretary of Defense was in his final days of office, yet the Pentagon has also received the approval of the new Secretary, Chuck Hagel, as well,” said the source who asked to remain anonymous due to the sensitivity of his information.

“One of these cargos consists of the light and semi-heavy military tools, equipment and weapons that the US army has gathered and piled up in Kandahar Base and plans to send them to the rebels in Syria in the form of several air and sea cargos and through Turkey and specially Jordan,” he explained.

“These weapons and arms systems include anti-armor and missile systems, rocket-launchers and rockets and tens of armored Humvees,” the source added, explaining that senior war strategists in the Pentagon believe that they can change the scene of the war in Syria in the interest of the rebel groups with the help of these cargos, specially the shoulder-launched missile systems and the multipurpose Humvee vehicles.

The High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), commonly known as the Humvee, travels as fast as 150 kilometers per hour under different weather conditions and in various geographical climates, and various types of machineguns, rocket-launchers and weapons systems can be mounted on this vehicle. HMMWVs serve as cargo/troop carriers, automatic weapons platforms, ambulances (four litter patients or eight ambulatory patients), M220 TOW missile carriers, M119 howitzer prime movers, M1097 Avenger Pedestal Mounted Stinger platforms, MRQ-12 direct air support vehicles, S250 shelter carriers, and other roles. The HMMWV is capable of fording 2.5 ft (76 cm) normally, or 5 ft (1.5 m) with the deep-water fording kits installed.

Optional equipment includes a winch (maximum load capacity 6,000 lb (2,700 kg)) and supplemental armor. The M1025/M1026 and M1043/M1044 armament carriers provide mounting and firing capabilities for the M134 Minigun, the Mk 19 grenade launcher, the M2 heavy machine gun, the M240G/B machine gun and M249 LMG. —AP

Post image for UK Special Forces Active In Syria despite Parliament’s ‘no to war’ vote

UK Special Forces Active In Syria despite Parliament’s ‘no to war’ vote

01 SEPTEMBER 2013

Source: Voice of Russia

According to The Sunday Times, elements of Great Britain’s SAS special force are active in Syria on operations to gather intelligence concerning that country’s chemical warfare stockpiles.

10 Downing Street said on Sunday that the government would comply with Parliament’s ruling not to go to war with Syria, but would continue to cooperate with the US in relevant intelligence gathering.

This follows reports that a Cyprus-based facility of Britain’s Government Communications Headquarters supplies the American NSA agency with electronic surveillance data on Syria.

Speaking to Sky News Sunday, Foreign Secretary William Hague ruled out calling another parliamentary vote on Syria and pledged British help to international agencies providing aid to Syrian civilians.

Syria intervention plan fueled by oil interests, not chemical weapon concern

30 AUGUST 2013

U.N. chemical weapons experts visit people affected by an apparent gas attack, at a hospital in the southwestern Damascus suburb of Mouadamiya.

U.N. chemical weapons experts visit people affected by an apparent gas attack, at a hospital in the southwestern Damascus suburb of Mouadamiya. Photograph: Stringer/Reuters

Source: Guardian

Massacres of civilians are being exploited for narrow geopolitical competition to control Mideast oil, gas pipelines

On 21 August, hundreds – perhaps over a thousand – people were killed in a chemical weapon attack in Ghouta, Damascus, prompting the US, UK, Israel and France to raise the spectre of military strikes against Bashir al Assad’s forces.

The latest episode is merely one more horrific event in a conflict that has increasingly taken on genocidal characteristics. The case for action at first glance is indisputable. The UN now confirms a death toll over 100,000 people, the vast majority of whom have been killed by Assad’s troops. An estimated 4.5 million people have been displaced from their homes. International observers have overwhelmingly confirmed Assad’s complicity in the preponderance of war crimes and crimes against humanity against the Syrian people. The illegitimacy of his regime, and the legitimacy of the uprising, is clear.

Experts are unanimous that the shocking footage of civilians, including children, suffering the effects of some sort of chemical attack, is real – but remain divided on whether it involved military-grade chemical weapons associated with Assad’s arsenal, or were a more amateur concoction potentially linked to the rebels.

Whatever the case, few recall that US agitation against Syria began long before recent atrocities, in the context of wider operations targeting Iranian influence across the Middle East.

In May 2007, a presidential finding revealed that Bush had authorised CIA operations against Iran. Anti-Syria operations were also in full swing around this time as part of this covert programme, according to Seymour Hersh in the New Yorker. A range of US government and intelligence sources told him that the Bush administration had “cooperated with Saudi Arabia’s government, which is Sunni, in clandestine operations” intended to weaken the Shi’ite Hezbollah in Lebanon. “The US has also taken part in clandestine operations aimed at Iran and its ally Syria,” wrote Hersh, “a byproduct” of which is “the bolstering of Sunni extremist groups” hostile to the United States and “sympathetic to al-Qaeda.” He noted that “the Saudi government, with Washington’s approval, would provide funds and logistical aid to weaken the government of President Bashir Assad, of Syria,” with a view to pressure him to be “more conciliatory and open to negotiations” with Israel. One faction receiving covert US “political and financial support” through the Saudis was the exiled Syrian Muslim Brotherhood.

According to former French foreign minister Roland Dumas, Britain had planned covert action in Syria as early as 2009: “I was in England two years before the violence in Syria on other business”, he told French television:

“I met with top British officials, who confessed to me that they were preparing something in Syria. This was in Britain not in America. Britain was preparing gunmen to invade Syria.”

The 2011 uprisings, it would seem – triggered by a confluence of domestic energy shortages and climate-induced droughts which led to massive food price hikes – came at an opportune moment that was quickly exploited. Leaked emails from the private intelligence firm Stratfor including notes from a meeting with Pentagon officials confirmed US-UK training of Syrian opposition forces since 2011 aimed at eliciting “collapse” of Assad’s regime “from within.”

So what was this unfolding strategy to undermine Syria and Iran all about? According to retired NATO Secretary General Wesley Clark, a memo from the Office of the US Secretary of Defense just a few weeks after 9/11 revealed plans to “attack and destroy the governments in 7 countries in five years”, starting with Iraq and moving on to “Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and Iran.” In a subsequent interview, Clark argues that this strategy is fundamentally about control of the region’s vast oil and gas resources.

Much of the strategy currently at play was candidly described in a 2008 US Army-funded RAND reportUnfolding the Future of the Long War (pdf). The report noted that “the economies of the industrialized states will continue to rely heavily on oil, thus making it a strategically important resource.” As most oil will be produced in the Middle East, the US has “motive for maintaining stability in and good relations with Middle Eastern states”:

“The geographic area of proven oil reserves coincides with the power base of much of the Salafi-jihadist network. This creates a linkage between oil supplies and the long war that is not easily broken or simply characterized… For the foreseeable future, world oil production growth and total output will be dominated by Persian Gulf resources… The region will therefore remain a strategic priority, and this priority will interact strongly with that of prosecuting the long war.”

In this context, the report identified several potential trajectories for regional policy focused on protecting access to Gulf oil supplies, among which the following are most salient:

“Divide and Rule focuses on exploiting fault lines between the various Salafi-jihadist groups to turn them against each other and dissipate their energy on internal conflicts. This strategy relies heavily on covert action, information operations (IO), unconventional warfare, and support to indigenous security forces… the United States and its local allies could use the nationalist jihadists to launch proxy IO campaigns to discredit the transnational jihadists in the eyes of the local populace… US leaders could also choose to capitalize on the ‘Sustained Shia-Sunni Conflict’ trajectory by taking the side of the conservative Sunni regimes against Shiite empowerment movements in the Muslim world…. possibly supporting authoritative Sunni governments against a continuingly hostile Iran.”

Exploring different scenarios for this trajectory, the report speculated that the US may concentrate “on shoring up the traditional Sunni regimes in Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Pakistan as a way of containing Iranian power and influence in the Middle East and Persian Gulf.” Noting that this could actually empower al-Qaeda jihadists, the report concluded that doing so might work in western interests by bogging down jihadi activity with internal sectarian rivalry rather than targeting the US:

“One of the oddities of this long war trajectory is that it may actually reduce the al-Qaeda threat to US interests in the short term. The upsurge in Shia identity and confidence seen here would certainly cause serious concern in the Salafi-jihadist community in the Muslim world, including the senior leadership of al-Qaeda. As a result, it is very likely that al-Qaeda might focus its efforts on targeting Iranian interests throughout the Middle East and Persian Gulf while simultaneously cutting back on anti-American and anti-Western operations.”

The RAND document contextualised this disturbing strategy with surprisingly prescient recognition of the increasing vulnerability of the US’s key allies and enemies – Saudi Arabia, the Gulf states, Egypt, Syria, Iran – to a range of converging crises: rapidly rising populations, a ‘youth bulge’, internal economic inequalities, political frustrations, sectarian tensions, and environmentally-linked water shortages, all of which could destabilise these countries from within or exacerbate inter-state conflicts.

The report noted especially that Syria is among several “downstream countries that are becoming increasingly water scarce as their populations grow”, increasing a risk of conflict. Thus, although the RAND document fell far short of recognising the prospect of an ‘Arab Spring’, it illustrates that three years before the 2011 uprisings, US defence officials were alive to the region’s growing instabilities, and concerned by the potential consequences for stability of Gulf oil.

These strategic concerns, motivated by fear of expanding Iranian influence, impacted Syria primarily in relation to pipeline geopolitics. In 2009 – the same year former French foreign minister Dumas alleges the British began planning operations in Syria – Assad refused to sign a proposed agreement with Qatar that would run a pipeline from the latter’s North field, contiguous with Iran’s South Pars field, through Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria and on to Turkey, with a view to supply European markets – albeit crucially bypassing Russia. Assad’s rationale was “to protect the interests of [his] Russian ally, which is Europe’s top supplier of natural gas.”

Instead, the following year, Assad pursued negotiations for an alternative $10 billion pipeline plan with Iran, across Iraq to Syria, that would also potentially allow Iran to supply gas to Europe from its South Pars field shared with Qatar. The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the project was signed in July 2012 – just as Syria’s civil war was spreading to Damascus and Aleppo – and earlier this year Iraq signed a framework agreement for construction of the gas pipelines.

The Iran-Iraq-Syria pipeline plan was a “direct slap in the face” to Qatar’s plans. No wonder Saudi Prince Bandar bin Sultan, in a failed attempt to bribe Russia to switch sides, told President Vladmir Putin that “whatever regime comes after” Assad, it will be“completely” in Saudi Arabia’s hands and will “not sign any agreement allowing any Gulf country to transport its gas across Syria to Europe and compete with Russian gas exports”, according to diplomatic sources. When Putin refused, the Prince vowed military action.

It would seem that contradictory self-serving Saudi and Qatari oil interests are pulling the strings of an equally self-serving oil-focused US policy in Syria, if not the wider region. It is this – the problem of establishing a pliable opposition which the US and its oil allies feel confident will play ball, pipeline-style, in a post-Assad Syria – that will determine the nature of any prospective intervention: not concern for Syrian life.

What is beyond doubt is that Assad is a war criminal whose government deserves to be overthrown. The question is by whom, and for what interests?

Dr Nafeez Ahmed is executive director of the Institute for Policy Research & Development and author of A User’s Guide to the Crisis of Civilisation: And How to Save It among other books. Follow him on Twitter @nafeezahmed

Field Test: Air Sea Battle” against Syria

30 AUGUST , 2013

Source: Baz Online

The U.S. has set in place for the planned military action against Syria. In the eastern Mediterranean cruise four guided missile destroyer – USS Mahan, USS Barry, USS Gravely and USS Ramage. Soon the USS Stout will join them. These vessels can be used for attacks with Tomahawk cruise missiles at land targets. According to experts, the ships with dozens, perhaps nearly a hundred cruise missiles equipped. Two warships of Americans are, according to media reports already in the sphere of Syria. In the Middle East, the U.S. has probably two submarines that could carry more than 150 cruise missiles with it, as well as two aircraft carrier – the USS Harry S. Truman and USS Nimitz.

Finally, the Americans have for the use of fighter jets to air bases in Turkey, Qatar and Oman. The United States will therefore in their two-to three-day war operation from the sea and from the air of the Syrian military facilities dictator Bashar al-Assadtake under constant fire.

Designed by “Air Sea Battle” concept for any possible conflict with China

The planned military action the United States is based on the concept of “Air Sea Battle,” as the Swiss strategy expert Albert A. Stahel said. This concept was developed over two years ago as “a kind of Drohfinger” in case of any conflict with China and then adjusted for a possible attack on Iran. The “Air Sea Battle” concept will now come against Syria apply. Could be used the weapons systems of the United States in particular against airfields, artillery and missile sites and command infrastructures and barracks of the Assad regime.

The defense capability of the Syrian government army, which controlled only a third of the country is greatly reduced compared to the time before the Civil War, according to Stahel. According to the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London, the capacity of the Syrian armed forces have halved.

Russian «Jachont” the Syrian missiles are no threat to U.S. ships

According to Stahel it may succeed the Assad army to shoot a few cruise missiles or fighter jets of the Americans. Although the Syrian army disponer about modern Russian anti-ship missiles of the type “Jachont.” But this would not have sufficient coverage to meet the American warships. Repulse Given the limited ability of the Syrian government army, the policy expert Stahel try to hide as many weapons and troops and relocate and bring it to safety.

Syria’s Foreign Minister Walid Muallem responded on Monday at a press conference in Damascus with confident words to the threat of military strike by the U.S., which may include, in particular on the active support of Britain. There was “no small thing” to take on Syria. Muallem also said that “we are military means available that will surprise the world.”

Assad regime could react with chemical weapons

Strategy expert Stahel does not believe that the Syrians have been unknown miracle weapons. But it is quite conceivable that the Assad regime will use chemical weapons. Against the invaders from the west, but also against Turkey and Saudi Arabia, have expressed their willingness to support the U.S. military.

According to Stahel, it is not excluded that the Assad regime allied with the Shiite militia Hezbollah in southern Lebanon will bombard Israel. The military strike against Syria could lead to an escalation. The two-to three-day military operation would be “the first phase” of an open-end war, says Stahel, who has over 40 years analyzing wars around the world and visited three war zones.

Objectives of the coalition are diffuse to USA

According to Stahel crucial question is what the military strike intended purpose. For a pure demonstration of power would meet two or three days. But the purpose of the coalition to the U.S. is diffuse, because the allies had different ideas. Turkey and Saudi Arabia would have preferred the overthrow of Assad. “If the regime to be brought down, Americans and British would occupy the country,” says Stahel. “But it would take half a million soldiers.”

Stahel assumes that the military strike against Syria, then no later than when the UN inspectors, is currently investigating the allegations of poison gas, have left the country. That would be on Sunday. The experts would need a few days time, said UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on Wednesday afternoon at The Hague. The military strike against Syria might even take place, so Stahel, if there is no ambiguity about the perpetrators of the chemical weapons attack.

Post image for British listening post in Cyprus to supply intelligence to America
British sources confirmed to the paper that intelligence-sharing would continue, unaffected by the Commons vote.
FAMAGUSTA GAZETTE
• Monday, 02 September, 2013

British listening post in Cyprus to supply intelligence to America

SEPTEMBER 2, 2013

Source: famagusta-gazette

Britain will supply intelligence to America for their planned strikes against Syria from a base in Cyprus, reports the Sunday Times.

According to the paper, GCHQ, the British Government Communications Headquarters will use the listening post operated by the Army’s 9 Signal Regiment at Ayios Nikolaos.

The top secret base, which includes living quarters for British servicemen and their families, is located near the Green line, two miles east of the town of Famagusta and 15 kilometres north of Ayia Napa.’

Land around the base, which is heavily guarded, is scattered with satellites, radar facilities and radio masts. The unit also provides UK Armed Forces and the United Nations Forces with electronic warfare support and command and control systems

The Sunday Times reported that: “Ayios Nikolaos will help to keep the US abreast of vital signals traffic between the regime of President Assad and his military commanders.”

British sources confirmed to the paper that intelligence-sharing would continue, unaffected by the Commons vote.

In August 2012, the Times reported that British bases were providing Syrian rebels with vital intelligence information.

Last night President Nicos Anastasiades expressed relief that the British airbase at Akrotiri would not be used in any military strikes against Syria, after a common vote rejected action last week.

“I think that the most optimistic message was sent by the British Parliament. Therefore, and besides the fact that we have been assured that Cyprus will not be used as a launch pad against Syria, no one should be worried”, Anastasiades told the press.

He also called on everyone to avoid exaggerations, noting that tourism is a sensitive sector.

Last Thursday the UK sent six RAF Typhoon jets to Akrotiri to defend the strategically important bases on the island against potential retaliatory attacks from the regime of Bashar al-Assad.

18.09.2013 Author: Petr Lvov

Syria: The Fabricated Evidence

7syria-sarin-weapon

Source: The Voice of Russia

There’s no need in specifying all the details of the Assad regime alleged use of chemical weapons – all the facts have been covered a number of times. All the facts that have been properly stated in numerous publications are now covered with a thick layer of groundless accusations and therefore properly forgotten. But you don’t need a lot of facts to save the Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov from making excuses.

It’s all so very clear. The chemical substances that were used against the civilians in Guta on August 21 were in fact produced in the Soviet Union. But they were shipped to Syria from Libya on by a security agency called BRITAMDefense. This operation was sponsored by the Syria’s archenemies – Qatar and Saudi Arabia. This was the reason why the British media on September 17 was the first to come across the “breaking news” that the chemical weapons that were used in Syria were of the Russian origin. Those news were not hard to come across since it was the British security firm that hired the Ukrainian mercenaries to set the Syrian government up, the operation was approved by the White House. There’s a lot of detailed analysis pieces published in New Eastern Outlook that explains who was behind the attack in Guta. Those who missed out on these can find out to themselves all the facts that the attack was an operation orchestrated by the White House and sponsored by the Wahabiite monarchies.

Anything beyond the facts is irrelevant. The Great Britain masterminds can be pushing blame for as long as they want, they’ve lost all credibility anyway when they tried to ship U.K. produced chemical weapons to Syria across the Turkey border and got their agents caught.

This January the web site of UK-based Britam Defense was hacked by the unknown group of (supposedly) Iranian origin. Later on a number of files extracted from the stolen dump were uploaded to a number of servers. One of the stolen emails reads as follows:

7898

“Phil
We’ve got a new offer. It’s about Syria again. Qataris propose an attractive deal and swear that the idea is approved by Washington.

We’ll have to deliver a CW to Homs, a Soviet origin g-shell from Libya similar to those that Assad should have. They want us to deploy our Ukrainian personnel that should speak Russian and make a video record.

Frankly, I don’t think it’s a good idea but the sums proposed are enormous. Your opinion?

Kind regards
David”

And should you follow this link, you may even find the pictures of the Ukrainian mercenaries that were to be involved in this “operation”.

So should Mr. Ban Ki-moon and the UN experts start an investigation of the BRITAMDefense’s involvement in the Guta attacks against the civilians? It’s about time that the Russian Ministry of Foreign affairs should stop providing explanations and start with getting some.

Peter Lvov, doctor of political sciences – especially for the online magazine “New Eastern Outlook”.

Middle East energy export chokepoints
http://www.phantomreport.com/middle-east-energy-export-chokepoints

Source: Financial Post

The prospect of a U.S. military strike on Syria has stoked fears that Damascus,
or its closest ally Iran, may retaliate against U.S. allies in the Gulf – all
leading global oil or gas suppliers.

The Middle East produced 28.27 million barrels a day (bpd), or 32.5% of the
86.15 million bpd of oil produced globally in 2012, according to the BP
Statistical Review.

Below are facts about threats to the major energy transit routes of the Middle
East and possible alternative routes.

STRAIT OF HORMUZ
The most important oil transit channel in the world with some 17 million bpd, or
about 35 percent of all sea-borne oil, passing through in 2011, according to the
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).

Most of the crude exported from Saudi Arabia, Iran, the UAE, Kuwait and Iraq –
together with nearly all the liquefied natural gas (LNG) from lead supplier
Qatar – sails through the narrow channel between Oman and Iran.

Tensions over the Strait have risen since late 2011 as western government
efforts to starve Iran of oil revenues have sparked threats from Tehran that it
might block the channel.

The U.S. Navy, which leads a large Western naval force in the region, has said
it would not allow any disruption to traffic in and out of the Gulf. However,
were it to become impassable other routes would be needed.

_________________

___________________________________________________

EVENTUAL USA WAR WITH RUSSIA:

Why The U.S. Is Building A High-Tech Bubonic Plague Lab In Kazakhstan

http://www.phantomreport.com/why-the-u-s-is-building-a-high-tech-bubonic-plague-lab-in-kazakhstan

When Kazakhstan's Central Reference Laboratory opens in September 2015, the $102-million project 
laboratory will serve as a Central Asian way station for a global war on dangerous disease.
By Alex PasternackMotherboard
Posted 08.29.2013 at 9:00 am
 
The Central Reference Laboratory, in Almaty, Kazakhstan, is due for completion in 2015

The Central Reference Laboratory, in Almaty, Kazakhstan, is due for completion in 2015 Ben Dalton
Source: Popular Science/Motherboard

In 1992, Dr. Kanatjan Alibekov, a biologist from the Soviet Union, boarded a
flight in Almaty, then Kazakhstan's capital, for New York. When Dr.
Alibekov—now known as Ken Alibek—sat down with the CIA, he had a terrifying
secret to reveal: that bio weapons program the Soviet Union stopped in the
1980's hadn't actually stopped at all. He knew this because he had led Moscow's
efforts to develop weapons-grade anthrax. In fact, he said, by 1989—around
the time that Western leaders were urging the USSR to halt its secret bioweapons
program, known as Biopreparat—the Soviet program had dwarfed the US's by many
orders of magnitude. (This is disregarding the possibility that the US was also
developing some of these weapons in secret, and, like Russia, still is.)

Post image for Why The U.S. Is Building A High-Tech Bubonic Plague Lab In Kazakhstan

Why The U.S. Is Building A High-Tech Bubonic Plague Lab In Kazakhstan

AUGUST 29, 2013

Source: Popular Science/Motherboard

In 1992, Dr. Kanatjan Alibekov, a biologist from the Soviet Union, boarded a flight in Almaty, then Kazakhstan’s capital, for New York. When Dr. Alibekov—now known as Ken Alibek—sat down with the CIA, he had a terrifying secret to reveal: that bio weapons program the Soviet Union stopped in the 1980′s hadn’t actually stopped at all. He knew this because he had led Moscow’s efforts to develop weapons-grade anthrax. In fact, he said, by 1989—around the time that Western leaders were urging the USSR to halt its secret bioweapons program, known as Biopreparat—the Soviet program had dwarfed the US’s by many orders of magnitude. (This is disregarding the possibility that the US was also developing some of these weapons in secret, and, like Russia, still is.)

One big problem, he added, was that, like the stockpiles of nuclear weapons left in the dust of the Soviet Union, the materials and the expertise needed to make a bioweapon—anthrax, smallpox, cholera, plague, hemorrhagic fevers, and so on—could still be lying about, for sale to the highest bidder. Of those scientists, Alibek told the Times in 1998, ”We have lost control of them.”

Today, biologists who worked in the former Soviet Union—like those who responded to a case of the plague across the border in Kyrgyzstan this week—are likely to brush Alibek’s fears aside. But they’ll also tell you that the fall of the Soviet Union devastated their profession, leaving some once prominent scientists in places like Almaty scrambling for new work. That sense of desperation, underlined by Alibek’s defection to the US, has helped pump hundreds of millions of dollars into a Pentagon program to secure not just nuclear materials but chemical and biological ones, in a process by which Washington became, in essence, their highest bidder.

This explains the hulking concrete structure I recently visited at a construction site on the outskirts of Almaty. Set behind trees and concrete and barbed-wire, Kazakhstan’s new Central Reference Laboratory will partly replace the aging buildings nearby where the USSR kept some of its finest potential bioweapons—and where scientists study those powerful pathogens today. When it opens in September 2015, the $102-million project laboratory is meant to serve as a Central Asian way station for a global war on dangerous disease. And as a project under that Pentagon program, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, the lab will be built, and some of its early operation funded, by American taxpayers.

The far-flung biological threat reduction lab may look like a strange idea at a time of various sequester outbreaks, but officials say it’s an important anti-terror investment, a much-needed upgrade to a facility that has been described as an aging, un-secure relic of the 1950′s, and one that the Defense Dept. fears can’t keep pace in an era of WMD.

It’s also an investment, they add, in a country where scientists are hungry for more international participation and better facilities—and where the U.S. is keen to keep sensitive materials and knowledge in the right hands and brains.

Security at the construction site:  Carl Robichaud

“You cannot erase this knowledge from someone’s mind,” said Lt. Col. Charles Carlton, director of the US Defense Threat Reduction Agency office in Kazakhstan. The threat of scientists going rogue, he said, is “a serious concern.” “We’re doing our best to employ these people. Our hope is that through gainful employment they won’t be drawn down other avenues.”

There is no hard evidence that bioweapons were pilfered and sold during the 1990s, but Alibek has said that ”there are many non-official stocks of smallpox virus,” a virus that was officially eradicated in 1980. Western intelligence agencies also estimate that North Korea and Russia currently have the capacity to deploy smallpox as a weapon of mass destruction. (It’s worth remembering however that fears in the run-up to the Iraq war about Saddam Hussein getting smallpox from Soviet scientistswere unfounded,  despite widely publicized reports by Judy Miller and others.) Other countries suspected of having inadvertently or deliberately retained specimens of the virus include China, Cuba, India, Iran, Israel and Pakistan.

Bakyt B. Atshabar, head of the 60-year-old institute that will run the new lab, the Kazakh Scientific Center of Quarantine and Zoonotic Diseases, is keenly aware of the dangers of weapons development: his father helped diagnose the effects of weapons tests on thousands of people who lived near the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site, in the north of the country.

But to him and other biologists in Almaty, the lab is less about defense strategy and more about developing scientific expertise. Currently the KSCQZD is focused on studying and preventing potentially lethal contagion, like the case of the teenager across the southern border in Kyrgyzstan, who died last week from bubonic plague after eating a barbecued marmot (he was likely bitten by a flea, doctors said).

Dr. Bakyt B. Atshabar, head of the institute that will manage the Central Reference Lab:  Motherboard
DR. BAKYT B. ATSHABAR, HEAD OF THE INSTITUTE THAT WILL MANAGE THE CENTRAL REFERENCE LAB

“We’re looking forward to this becoming a regional training facility focused both on human and animal infections,” he said. “Cholera is also one of the major problems in our region, mostly with our numerous southern neighbors.” He also cited an incident in July in which Kazakh tourists returned from a trip in Southeast Asia with dengue fever.

Increased trade with its eastern neighbor China also threatens to increase the transmission of disease. “Along with the construction of pipelines,” he said, “come rodents and fleas.”

Meanwhile, the country’s meager opposition has called the lab a risk to the citizens of Almaty; the city sits in an active seismic zone, and the lab lies just outside town, and not far from a populated suburban neighborhood. Officials have countered that the building is designed to meet the city’s highest seismic standards, and will replace what a 2011 US embassy statement said were ”older buildings at the institute that are not built to withstand such tremors.”

“I would say this could take just about anything,” Dan Erbach, an engineer from AECOM, the contractor overseeing the project, said during a tour of the site, which is currently a set of bulking concrete stacked three and four stories high, set atop a remediated field. “There’s more than twice as much strength in this building than any other building in the city.” (The building’s seismic standard was the result of an intervention by the government, which placed new requirements on the project before construction began in 2011. That pushed the initial completion date back a year to September 2015.)

From a security and safety perspective, the new lab represents a giant leap. When documentarian Simon Reeve visited the existing facility in 2006, he saw Soviet-era buildings and security measures not likely to intimidate a determined terrorist—or a scientist—from sneaking some anthrax or plague out into the wild. Small locks on fridges were all that kept deadly vials from a fast escape.

FROM “MEET THE STANS” BY SIMON REEVE

“We’re not that far from places where terrorists groups are living relatively openly,” Reeve said. ”They would love to break in here, they would love to get hold of this stuff.”

Breaches of security and competance have been a problem at U.S. biodefense labs for decades. Texas is a particular hotspot. In 2002, a renowned professor at Texas Tech was alleged to have lied about thirty vials of plague that went missing at his lab. In two separate incidents at Texas A&M in 2006, university officials failed to tell the Center for Disease Control after biodefense researchers were infected with brucella and Q fever, which has been researched as a weapon. In March, when a sample of Guanarito, a Venezualan virus, went missing at the Gavalston National Laboratory, officials cautiously blamed the apparently missing amount on a clerical error, but the incident is under investigation by the FBI.

The Almaty lab will be outfitted with safety features like double-door access zones and special containment hoods, enough to qualify it under U.S. Centers for Disease Control standards as a level 3 biosafety lab, or BSL-3 (the highest level is BSL-4). Only a fraction of the lab will be dedicated to lethal dieases and certified at BSL-3; most of the other labs at the 87,000 square foot building will be BSL-2, for the non-lethal variety.

But plague is already a focus of work at the existing lab in Almaty because it occurs naturally in nearly 40 percent of the country. (The KSCQZD began life in 1949 as the Central Asian Anti-Plague Scientific Research Institute.) Though it’s often spread by fleas, depending on lung infections or sanitary conditions, it also can be spread in the air, through direct contact, or by contaminated undercooked food. Until June 2007, plague was one of the three epidemic diseases required to be reported to the World Health Organization, along with cholera and yellow fever. The case in Kyrgystan last week underscored the regional danger of its spread among humans; there are about 3,000 cases per year.

“We will evaluate the scale of contacts, likely natural carriers of the disease, such as rivers,” Zhandarbek Bekshin, an official at Kazakhstan’s Ministry of Health, said. No border crossings have been closed, local media reported, but over one hundred people who came into contact with the teenager were hospitalized.

Climate change is also a concern at the lab. Because climate effects how plague spreads, studying the disease “can also be used as an indicator of changes to the natural environment,” Dr. Atshabar said.

For the US, however, the project is rooted in global security, and fits with its now decades-long collaboration with Kazakhstan in controlling weapons of mass destruction. In 1991 President Nazerbayev oversaw the dismantling and return to Russia of its nuclear weapons. But the country still maintains a store of pathogens that were once cherished by the Soviet military.

The secret Biopreparat program came into sharp focus in 2001, when a former Soviet official explained to a Moscow newspaper the suspected basis of an outbreak of smallpox that sickened ten people and killed three in a community on the Aral Sea: they were the accidental victims of a Soviet military field test at a bioweapons facility based on a nearby island, he said.

Because some of those sickened had already been vaccinated against smallpox, the incident raised questions about the ability of vaccines to protect against state-designed bioweapons.

Lt. Col. Charles Carlton, who heads the Defense Threat Reduction Agency's efforts in Kazakhstan, outside the CRL Lt. Col. Charles Carlton, who heads the Defense Threat Reduction Agency’s efforts in Kazakhstan, outside the CRL:  Ben Dalton

With another smaller lab at a military base in the town of Otar, in western Kazakhstan on the Caspian Sea, and a flurry of similar projects in the works—in Russia, Uzbekistan, Georgia, Ukraine, Armenia, and Azerbaijan—the Pentagon hopes its Defense Threat Reduction Agency can also establish a regional early warning system for infections and outbreaks. (As the U.S. weighed responses to Syria’s use of chemical weapons this week, DTRA announced more grants for research into sensing and tracking WMD.)

Is it possible, as some Russian critics have alleged, that labs like this could serve as brain trusts and storehouses for weapons research, for either the US or their home countries? “Russia sees this as… a powerful offensive potential,” Gennady Onishchenko, the Chief Sanitary Inspector of Russia—a kind of Surgeon General—told reporters in July.

Washington denies that these reference labs and the secret research at the historic home of American bioweapons, at the US Army base at Fort Detrick, Maryland, have anything to do with offensive weapons, that they meet the standards of the 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC), and that their work will eventually be made public.

Funding for the $103 million construction project in Kazakhstan, and much of the lab’s operations in its early years, will come from the Dept. of Defense, which envisions it as playing a central role in monitoring pathogen outbreaks, a strategy that received new funding after the anthrax attacks in 2001. Last year, the White House announced a program that consolidated these efforts under the banner of ”biosurveillance.”

“DOD’s involvement in biosurveillance goes back probably before DOD to the Revolutionary War,” Andrew C. Weber, assistant secretary of defense for nuclear, chemical and biological defense programs, told American Forces Press Service last year. “We didn’t call it biosurveillance then, but monitoring and understanding infectious disease has always been our priority, because for much of our history, we’ve been a global force.”

Global outbreak of infectious disease (International Livestock Research Institute) Global outbreak of infectious disease (International Livestock Research Institute): Motherboard

Global outbreak of infectious disease (International Livestock Research Institute):  Motherboard

As the former director of the two-decade old Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program (or “Nunn-Lugar” for short), Weber has paid special attention to Central Asia. After he spent much of the 1990s helping the U.S. remove weapons-grade uranium from the former Soviet Union under Nunn-Lugar, he was instrumental in creating Central Reference Laboratories in Almaty and elsewhere in the region.

An English-language editorial in Pravda in July referenced Weber’s role as something that should “promp[t] serious reflection.” Responding to a US State Department report that Russia was possibly pursuing bioweapons research, the Foreign Ministry in Moscow noted that it “gives impression that the US, despite the changes occurring in the world, still remains in the grip of cold war propaganda.”

Kazakh officials meanwhile underscored that the lab, which operates under Kazakhstan’s Ministry of Health, was not connected to Soviet defense research. But historically, scientists at the USSR’s anti-plague institutes—including the one that will run the new Almaty lab—were also involved in a secret project to design vaccines for pathogens that had been modified by the military program that Dr. Alibek, the defector, once ran.

On the sunny day earlier this month when we visited the site, however, the conversation was focused on saving lives through cooperation, not the opposite. The hope is that labs like this will simply encourage more international scientific relationships, the kind that build cultural trust, and the kind upon which science thrives.

Despite “typical intergovernmental issues,” Carlton and other officials expressed optimism about the collaboration. “I never like to refer to this as the former Soviet Union. That was in the past. In the military, it’s been a sea change in our mentality.

“Kazakhstan has come so far in terms of government organization, and understanding the threat and the problem,” he added. “This is a country that willingly said, we want to get rid of this threat and take the lead. Kazakhstan has opened up as an exemplar around the world.”

Security at the construction site:  Carl Robichaud:

Security at the construction site

Dr. Bakyt B. Atshabar, head of the institute that will manage the Central Reference Lab: Motherboard:
Dr. Bakyt B. Atshabar, head of the institute that will manage the Central Reference Lab

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