When Muammar al-Qathafi rescued Africa financially
Posted on 18 October 2013
Mouammar Kadhafi durant une conférence de presse concernant l’Union africaine. Le 30 avril 2007:
The following text is an excerpt from the book – African Awakening: The Emerging Revolutions, edited by Firoze Manji and Sokari Ekine. The selected part is under the contribution of Jean-Paul Pougala titled ‘The lies behind the West’s war on Libya’. When I read that section one question popped in my mind: How many African leaders have thought either in the past or recent history so radically and accompanied their ideas with concrete actions in the general interests of the whole continent? One might argue that not every African country has been as wealthy in petrol/oil as the Great Jamahiriya ( a National VISION conceived by Mu’ammar al-Qathafi).
It was al-Qathafi’s Libya that offered all of Africa its first revolution in modern times – connecting the entire continent by telephone, television, radio broadcasting and several other technological applications such as telemedicine and distance teaching. And thanks to the WMAX radio bridge, a low-cost connection was made available across the continent including in rural areas.
It began in 1992, when 45 African states established RASCOM (the regional African Satellite Communication Organisation) so that Africa would have its own satellite and slash communication costs in the continent. This was a time when phone calls to and from Africa were the most expensive in the world because of the annual 364.25€ million fee pocketed by Europe for the use of its satellites for phone conversations, including those within the same country.
An African satellite only costs a one-time payment of 291.4€ million and the continent would no longer have to pay a 364.25€ million annual lease. Which banker would not finance such a project? But the problem remained – how can slaves, seeking to free themselves from their master’s exploitation, ask the master’s help to achieve that freedom? Not surprisingly, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the US and Europe made only vague promises for 14 years. al-Qathafi put an end to these futile pleas to Western ‘benefactors’ with their exorbitant interest rates. The Libyans put 218.55€ million on the table; the African Development Bank added 36.42€ million more and the West African Development Bank a further 19.67€ million – and that is how Africa got its first communications satellite on 26 December 2007.
China and Russia followed suit and shared their technology and helped launched satellites for South Africa, Nigeria, Angola, Algeria, while a second African satellite was launched in July 2010. The first totally indigenously built satellite, manufactured on African soil in Algeria, was set for 2010. This satellite is aimed at competing with the best in the best world, but at ten times less the cost – a real challenge.
This is how a symbolic gesture of a mere 218.55€ million changed the life of an entire continent. al-Qathafi’s GREAT JAMAHIRIYA cost the West, not just depriving it of 364.25€ million per year but the billions of dollars in debt and interest that the initial loan would generate for years to come and in an exponential manner, thereby helping maintain an ‘occult’ system in order to plunder the continent.–
GREAT MOVE, yes…The Resistance needs these against NATO/UN and the EU & USA!
In a brilliant move, bold and according to Russian sources received Algeria Systems electronic war and Chosc advanced Russian ultra-modern “systèmes Krashua 4” entered service in the Russian army since only a few months, analysts consider the acquisition of Algeria system jamming Krashoa 4 would be a fatal blow to any enemy, especially Western armies because they will kill stronger their techniques such as GP which is used to guide aircraft and missiles means that it has no place in the sky Algerian me AWACS nor for F-16 nor Tomahawk nor Predator, which would undermine any attempt of the West to intervene in the affairs of Algeria.
Speech of Dr. Hamza Thami in the green channel Bntarich 12/19/2013 P
28:02 Speech of Dr. Hamza Thami in the green channel on 17/12/2013 P
Speech of Dr. Hamza Thami in the green channel on 12/15/2013 P
Speech of Dr. Hamza Alnhamme in the green channel on 12/13/2013 P
Libya: The Truth – Interview with Green Resistance
02 FEB 1986 (BELOW):
Pravda.Ru speaks to an Officer of the Libyan Green Resistance, who tells us about the reality on the ground in Libya, to what extent the NATO-backed Government rules the country (or not), to what extent the Libyan people back the “Government” and a lot more besides…
1. To what extent is the NATO-backed “Government” of Libya in control of the country?
This rebel government has very low support among the Libyan people, maybe 8 – 12% of the rebels have control in Libya, many parts of Libya are controlled by militia, gang units, Ansar Al Islam and Qaeda terrorist groups. The powerful support of rebel government is from Misurata, some units do not accept the government in the rank of the rebels.
2. Given that in the election, the Jamahiriya was not an option, what percentage of the people would vote for it, if it was an option?
85 to 88%o Libyan people support Jamahiriya, when no option is put forward for green Libya, very few people will come to vote.
This will be a major and serious continued problem.
3. How can we compare life before and after the NATO-led invasion of Libya?
Now life is very bad, very bad and much worse now than before, no security, no food for the people, no gas in Tripoli, no electricity, very bad condition for roads, hospitals have no medicine, abduction of women and killing everywhere.
4. What percentage of the terrorist groups involved in the NATO atrocity were actually Libyans?
Maybe 20%, most are from Misrata imported Israeli Mosad mercenaries, Al-Qaeda brought by Qatar from all over the world.
5. What is the way forward for the Green Resistance?
Fighting the rebels with good air defense systems to counter NATO airforce and drone challenge.
It is to fight and defeat the rebels, the rebels are foreigners, they are not qualified to make peace and
compassion with Libyan people, they always kill the Libyan people to take our land, gas, we must fight them with modern weapons.
6. Saif al-Islam al-Qathafi’s “trial” is scheduled to take place in Zintan in January or February. Do you have any idea as to the probable outcome? Could he lead the Jamahiriya to form a Government backed by the people?
Zintan is trying to find a solution for general amnesty, they find no crimes committed by Saif, many of the cases against Saif come from Tripoli, there is no government in Libya to put Saif on real trial, every person is buying time. It is either they kill Saif or they allow him to go free, there is no proper case, judiciary or jurisdiction in Libya against Saif, and many prisoners. Yes, the Libyan people support Saif, the tribal council also supports Saif, he can very easily form a government. There is great support for Saif, the Libyan people will “vote” for Saif.
NATO countries, USA, Qatar, and Turkey will not accept Saif, inside Libya many people need freedom for many prisoners, the Libyan people need Saif, this problem needs a nuclear bomb to send NATO out of Libya. Zintan want freedoms for Saif, they fear he will be kidnaped and killed by Misrata, Israeli, Qatar or Al-Qaeda mercenaries, none of these are good options.
Interview conducted by Timothy Bancroft-Hinchey (Pravda.Ru) with Azmi,
Special Operations Green Command Officer, Libya.
Green Command is the force of the Libyan People’s Jamahiriya fighting to expel the foreign- and NATO-backed terrorist forces from the country and to restore the Jamahiriya democratic system of government.
Conqueror never 6:09 Aaliba artist resistance by Victory 44
de Conqueror never il ya 22 heures234 vues Aaliba what Toati Rusk New Artist victory resistance by 44.
Greeting to Libyan youth. A tribute to the artist and the resistance of the channel Alqath never, …
“Eight billion dollars was for cattle Front Party for the Salvation of Libya
(Balemyarat theft and people drowned in debt and bad roads).There are two members of the members of the National Congress does not follow the group’s Zalo Libyan Fighting.Contact me and asked me to shut up and not to talk to the media about what the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood and the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group in Libya and warned me that he probably will assassinate me and Tsfita at any moment, and I say that I will not die unless arrived my watch.There are members of the national conference deformities and physical faults in associations like the teachers and the elderly worth a hundred thousand, LD five thousand each month, and taking possession of first needs a twenty month till he should pay the debt he owed him and so they now want the continuation of the work of the National Congress until Ikdo their monthly salaries and Assembly is complete!!“the wealth of gold drain Mend three years by foreigners in the south of Libya.”
RAT LIBYA NEWS:
“Dramatic decline and sharp in cash flows in foreign exchange, was due to sit-ins and the closure of the region, ‘Crescent the oil’ has had an impact heavily on the Central Bank of Libya, regarding the transfer of the general budget of the state in Libyan Dinars and fulfill the obligations of Foreign Affairs represented in the management of foreign exchange abroad in the cover credits and remittances and expenses embassies abroad. “
Will be (the removal of subsidies on gasoline) Tdrigaakhalal 30 months until I talk to the problems …. the problems that already exist …?!
Ministry of Oil and Gas
Peace be upon you. Browse case you Libyan ports and refineries:
1. Port and refinery corner .. Work is going on as normal .. But the spark nutritious field for the refinery
closed by groups demanding Bdstrh Tamazight language .. Are supplying the refinery with crude oil from Sirte temporarily.
2. Mullet platform for export function normally.
3. Port Shelf marine works.
4. Sidra port closed by groups demands for federalism
5. Port of Ras Lanuf closed by groups demands for federalism.
6. Ras Lanuf refinery closed by groups demands for federalism.
7. Brega port is functioning normally. Only factories urea and ammonia, a subsidiary of IFFCO parked due to technical problems.
8. Azwaitina port closed by groups demands for federalism and the desire of some appointment.
9. Tobruk refinery is operating normally. The port is closed for numerous reasons.
10. Port and Mellitah fields and its affiliates are working normally.
Eni says output in Libya, 242 thousand barrels of oil equivalent per day of Milan
Said CEO of Eni, the Italian oil giant and gas, “Paolo Scaroni,”
The company’s production in Libya currently stands at 242 thousand barrels of oil equivalent per day.
And Eni, the largest foreign oil producer in Libya, whose output fell sharply due to the closure fields
and ports in the crisis has been going on a long time between the government and armed groups.
Nuri al-Abbar, the Congess cadidate of ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood, extends elections committee 60 to the end of the year
31 – 12-2013
The reason, “for the reluctance of Libyans”…
Petrol queues back again in the capital of the oil, and the situation and charged Mtotrh in Tripoli.
shootings of two type lioness on the headquarters of the conference Allaotunai.
# (Gate _ Libya)
Yesterday was 18 January 2013 abduction of sound Alhtan
in front of his house behind the mosque Alsqa group by force of arms to an unknown location.
The head of the young boy and his father dead and his mother did not know her condition, but by God.
Khtafath type car to the BMW 2002 model category without Maroon 5 color plates.
Bllah íÇÇÎćÇä to know any information related to Bllah number 0912133501
Secretariat Bllah you (God does not waste the reward benefactors)
Shortly before the accident in Airport
We ask God for their safety
GREEN NAFUSA WESTERN MOUNTAINS:
City department in Ajeelat:
General Hospital department in Ajeelat
Killing three people and wounding four others, including a girl with injuries of varying severity ..
The outcome of the clashes that took place this morning in the city department in Ajeelat west of the capital Tripoli so far ..
Killing at least three people and injuring a student in clashes raged within the College of Education
Radio Sabratha asks citizens to avoid traffic via Alzeramqh and move to the coastal road instead ..
Because of security tensions that followed the assassination of Hussam Zarimq “A former rebels!”
Security tension in areas Alzeramqh Dees and pressures, market and hear with launchers and shooting ..
After killing at least two people in two separate incidents this morning!
City department in Ajeelat ::
Photos of the assassination of Hussam Zarimq near Fallujah market ..
City department in Ajeelat :::
Urgent # department in Ajeelat:
Now department in Ajeelat
Burn and blow up the house key Altair by gunmen from a family Rgal and columns of smoke rising from the house
The center of a security vacuum and the absence of the wise and the local council and
the National Directorate of Security Ajeelat.
Gunmen blow up the family home of Walter key Altair
to the city center and Adharmon it on fire.
Said the official spokesman of the Shura Council and Rishvana “Bo Agila Seif El-Nasr,”
he was handed Kklh head of the local council and five other people who had been detained
with him in the area and Rishvana, to members of the National Congress,
including First Deputy Prime Hospitality Conference failure in Tripoli.
Channel Kklh on Facebook:
Ibrahim immediately release the small head of the local council and his Kklh, Thankfully.
“comfortable until it is required to justice – Raho door carpenter disjointed Lord A. Gneoh – You found to raise you from the mesh you found to assess people and try them – you’re a criminal and you are doomed and the rule of law is due degenerate House aunt, my rogue -“
Reminder of what is happening in Libya in February:
Lawyer who was her batterer Haya and her father in Misrata.
Miss that she was raped by a member of the militia in charge of guarding the hospital was raped and is in intensive care in the hospital that she died.
Attorney benign Yellow kidnapped and killed in cold blood.
Dr university exceeded by a member of the militia for not wearing hijab.
Miss law student who was killed by a bullet from a heavy weapon in the demonstrations Gharghour.
Miss that killed the day before in one km torture prisons in Misrata after two years of prison without any charge or trial.
And that the girl who had blackmailed her a member of the ANSAR al-Sharia at the University of Benghazi and images have been uploaded the video on YouTube and showing her face as if she knows that there is no Salahakh no law and no state.
And much much more we do not know or did not reach our parents preferred secrecy and cover-up by the fear of doing received sick society
Are the perpetrators in all past crimes brought to justice and prosecuted??? Or are they now wander among you and have fun and you are looking for their victims.
الازمة هي مفتعلة بأمتياز لحشد الشعب ضد المدعو جضران الدي يقفل المواني النفطية و أعطـــاء غطاء لهم وضغظ على المدعو جضران لفتح الحقول او استخدام اي شي لفتح الحقول ومنها الجهوم العسكري على المـــواني.ابــــن الفاتــــح
I favor the full support of the position in the closing Jdharan’s oil ports and I lock with the oil in the south, also ….. The three conditions for open ports are also the demands of legitimacy …
The collapse of a concrete wall at the Medical College of Ajdabiya.
War reparations Chad file in front of the fact-finding committee to the National Conference on since 11/12 …
One of the members of the Organization Committee of war Chad Benghazi.
Martyrs and Victims of War Chad
Image from the center of the city of Benghazi:
Stun arrest of three people, including a “Tunisian” at dawn today by the proximity
of the mosque “Arqam bin Abi Arqam” to the city of Benghazi and in possession of weapons ready for use.
“Atmosphere of the country” – Ahmad Faitouri
That what happened in the Quiche region that there is someone who came down from the car Quiche courtyard where young people gathered there in their car and he shot Boukrtoh, injuring nearly 10 and they are present now to evacuate and thankfully because the wounds were treated and simple lie of this news , we have to open the records of youth infected and there is severe congestion at Galaa there and the situation is now very safe and there is no health that there is a car from the Ansar Sharia Balrmih, on patrol thunderbolt ……
“On 03 September 1991, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi attends the inauguration of the dam and reservoir Sirt, near Benghazi, marking the end of the second phase of a proposed 10.2€ billion which will feed coastal cities and irrigation of desert areas.”
(STAGE 3 was completed, but never stages 4 & 5 because NATO interrupted it!) There are now, problems at the
BENGHAZI VALLEY DAM DROPPER (FLOOD VALLEY FOR THE DAM):
Construction in the course of the valley dropper Benghazi threatens flood
He added, “follicular” to the atmosphere of the country on Thursday that the section of the eastern region warned citizens and local city and the security of the building in the course of the valley of the dropper.
He stressed, “Suisse” to the atmosphere of the country that in case of heavy rain or a malfunction in the dam secondary – which a capacity of three million cubic meters – the water will enter a stream valley and washed away buildings, explaining that the buildings in the sinkhole may lead to a change in the direction of the water to Benghazi leads to flooding rather than heading towards the sea.
And the head of Eastern Region Branch administration Valley Dam Dropper occupied by the “young militants are taking advantage of the place of sugar,” which led to the suspension of work management since last year, pointing out that the branch demanded the security authorities to act with this group as soon as the occupation of the building, as he put it.
أجواء لبلاد – أحمد الزعيليكقال مدير عام الهيئة العامة للمياه “المهدي الجريبي” إن البناء في مجرى وادي القطارة يسبب تغيير مجرى المياه في الوادي مما يعرض المدينة للخطر في حال هطول أمطار غزيرة.تحذير
وأضاف “الجريبي” لأجواء لبلاد اليوم الخميس أن فرع المنطقة الشرقية حذر المواطنين ومحلي المدينة والأجهزة الأمنية من البناء في مجرى وادي القطارة.وأوضح رئيس فرع المنطقة الشرقية “عبد القادر سويسي” أن بعض المواطنين قاموا بالبناء على جانبي مزرعة القذافي في منطقة الهواري ودخلوا في مجرى وادي القطارة.جرف المباني
وأكد “سويسي” لأجواء لبلاد أنه في حالة هطول أمطار غزيرة أو حدوث خلل في السد الثانوي -الذي يسع ثلاثة ملايين متر مكعب- فإن المياه ستتجمع في مجرى الوادي وتجرف المباني، موضحا أن المباني في المجرى قد تؤدي إلى تغير اتجاه المياه إلى بنغازي ما يؤدي إلى غمرها بدلا من اتجاهها نحو البحر .ونوه “سويسي” إلى أن الهيئة حذرت الجهات الأمنية منذ أسبوع ووجهت تحذيرها إلى المواطنين اليوم الخميس عبر القناة الوطنية ووكالة الأنباء الليبية.توقف العمل
وبين رئيس فرع المنطقة الشرقية أن إدارة سد وادي القطارة محتلة من قبل “شباب مسلحين يستغلون المكان للسكر” ما أدى إلى توقف العمل بالإدارة منذ العام الماضي، مشيرا إلى أن الفرع طالب الجهات الأمنية بالتصرف مع هذه المجموعة فور احتلال المبنى، حسب تعبيره.
وتبلغ سعة سد وادي القطارة مائة وعشرة ملايين متر مكعب وتتلخص مهمته في حماية بنغازي من الفيضان وتغذية المخزون الجوفي وري مزارع وادي القطارة.
مصدر الخريطة التي توضح سد وادي القطارة : خرائط جوجل
SOUSSE, TOBRUK, DERNA & THE TUBER:
Explosions and assassinations affect Tobruk safe:
Funeral “Adam Kherhova” which
Reach buffeted by treacherous morning for the city of Tobruk
Using the bombing of his car.
Jump to the mercy of God, Engineer Adam Kherhova Mansouri of Tobruk, a director of the effort ultra electricity company at the level of the mountain Verde blew up his car improvised adhesive after his release he and his friend AM station steam, which led to cut a leg and Haulo salvaged, but the injury was severe, and his friend is Good Condition, and mentions that the engineer Adam was on a visit to the city of Derna. Derna has returned from last night
Was a car bombing engineer Adam Kherhova Mansouri, director of Tobruk Management
Voltage Ultra electricity company at the level of the Green Mountain
Dead and infected detonated a car for the first time Btabriq
Atmosphere of the country –
The director of the medical center Tobruk Saeed Hammad today the death of Tobruk steam plant engineer Adam Kherhova Bauh his car after the explosion of an explosive device, adding that the facilities Kherhova survived the accident and left the medical center, where he was a minor injury.
Hammad explained to the atmosphere of the country that arrived Kherhova Center in critical condition due to severe injuries sustained after an improvised explosive device to blow his car near his office.
Kherhova and enter the operating room and put under the direct recovery, but down in the heart led to his death after about an hour of his arrival.
Hammad added that the security authorities Btabriq came to the medical center Tobruk and started an investigation into the incident.
The city of Tobruk, classified by the government as one of the most secure Libyan cities; witnessing for the first time this kind of demise.
The death of the engineer Adam Kherhova impact of the bombing of his car,
an improvised explosive device in the city of Tobruk in the first bombing of the process taking place in the city.
improvised adhesive after his release he and his friend AM station steam, which led to a cut one leg while his friend is in good condition, and mentions that the engineer Adam was on a visit to the city of Derna has returned from Derna last night:
Kidnapping, a resident of the city of Derna, and is continued for the commandos in tuber .….
Libyans finally follow up !!! Graffit *Graffiti-
“We are sorry Muammar, “we’re sorry, Muammar Gadhafi, we had misjudged you! ”
Derna 17 Dec”. Libya.ما تعرف خيري لين تجرب غيري
Acute shortage of tuber recharge cards in orbit and the lack of cards for almost Libyana
All last night
The house of Sultan Haji Atiq shell Asterm and resulted in the car smashed one of his sons. As the house of the late Ahmed Khalifa Gate to shell resulted in a car crash as well. As one of the shells hit a shop owned by Faraj Allah Hamad which Lada material losses in it.
The shell landed another flat owned by Abdullah bin Ali Nile and hit the apartment balcony and resulted in the destruction of one of air conditioners.
Not to mention the fear and panic and anxiety suffered by the children and the elderly as a result of the votes launchers and random bullets.
Thank God Almighty on the safety of everyone
It is worth mentioning that all the Hola nothing to do with the problem occurring
Libya’s Vast Borders Still a No-Man’s Land for Most
On the outskirts of Ubari, a remote outpost in Libya’s southwest near the Algerian border, armed militia from the Tebu tribe speed across the desert in Toyota trucks towards the sprawling Sharara oil fields.
They, along with fighters from the town of Zintan further north (in the WESTERN GREEN NAFUSA MOUNTAINS), are spearheading efforts – under the auspices of Libya’s defence ministry – to secure the oil installation’s vast perimeter from sabotage. They want to protect against attacks such as those last January at the In Amenas gas complex, just kilometres across the border in Algeria, in which militant Salafists conducted a deadly assault, purportedly as a protest against the French-armed intervention in Mali.
Some are concerned Libya’s oil compounds could face a similar fate, but Ibrahim Essa, a Tebu leader of Sharara’s security force,
says that although some Tuareg who disappeared to Mali with heavy weapons are back, they don’t pose as much of a threat since revolutionary forces now control the desert.
“Western countries think al-Qaeda is in Libya, but there are only a few”, he says. “We know very well Islamic extremists won’t fight us here.”
A drive across the width of southern Libya is gruelling. With no roads, the Tebu who inhabit this inhospitable terrain navigate gigantic sand dunes, sharp volcanic rocks and aging mine fields marked by empty gas canisters and makeshift stone piles, with the stars to guide their way.
Travelling the wide expanse are border guards, visiting relatives, and groups smuggling gasoline and people in Toyota four wheel-drive trucks. People seem to know each other in the sparsely populated land – or of each other – and follow desert etiquette in helping each other out.
Since the start of the conflict in northern Mali, security fears in these areas have heightened, especially after attacks such
as last month’s bombing of the French embassy in downtown Tripoli.
In particular, control over Libya’s long and porous desert frontier with neighbouring Egypt, Chad, Niger, Algeria and Tunisia has been a major Libyan and international security concern since The GREAT JAMAHIRIYA was toppled in 2011.
“There are a lot of weapons in Libya, and its geographical location makes it useful for linking countries up”, a Western diplomat told Think Africa Press on condition of anonymity. “Control of the borders means the ability to move people and weapons, so they are a big prize because they are quite strategic.”
Indeed, Libya’s borders are a crossing point for both large commercial and subsistence smugglers ferrying subsidised gasoline, migrants, weapons and drugs. Libya’s underground terrain is also rich in oil, rare minerals and the water that feeds the thirst of the majority of the population in cities along the coast.
Closing the borders
Last December, Libya’s parliament tried to tackle the lawlessness of the region by temporarily closing the country’s southern borders and ruling that the southern areas – west from Ghadames, Ghat, Ubari, Sebha, Murzuq, and across 1,000 km off-road east to Kufra – would be “considered as closed military zones to be ruled under emergency law”.
But in reality, the weak, under-resourced Tripoli puppet-“government” has little presence or power in the desert to implement the unclear mandate within this sweeping decree.
Instead, loose-knit militias form the backbone of the area’s border control, under the controversial government-sanctioned auxiliary forces, the defence ministry’s RAT Libya Shield brigades, and the interior ministry’s Supreme Security Committee (SSC).
The indigenous Tebu tribe – a semi-nomadic group with ties across southern Libya and into Sudan, Niger and Chad – played a significant role in the CIA-revolt against the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA and view themselves as natural guardians of Libya’s southern border.
The Tuareg – also native to the area, but on the “losing side” of the CIA LED NATO WAR on the Great Jamahiriya – share cross-border relations with Niger, Mali and Algeria, and unofficially control territory along Libya’s western flank.
BEFORE THE GREAT JAMAHIRIYA, the Western colonialist regimes branded those not registered under the 1954 citizenship law as ‘foreigners’. Consequently the Tebu and Tuareg were deprived of healthcare and education, as well as skilled jobs and government positions, until the emergence of the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA.
At the onset of the 2011 uprising, they were loyalists, and many joined ranks of their Armed Peoples Forces of the Great Jamahiriya. The Tuareg threw their support behind the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA, while the Tebu deceitfully took arms and weapons and then turned them against the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA, and became traitors to their nation!
But now, despite having fought on opposing sides of the revolution, Libyan Tebu and Tuareg communities coexist in relative peace. They do not want to fight each other, but instead showcase their desert expertise in the struggle for a place at the new Libyan table.
But the same is not necessarily true of relations with other groups. In the power vacuum following the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA’s demise, there have been bloody clashes in Sebha and Kufra between the Tebu and local Arab tribes, mostly over the lucrative business of cross-border smuggling.
The elders of the fighting Tebu and Awlad Suleiman tribe in Sebha have recently engineered a reconciliation agreement. But in the remote oasis of Kufra – surrounded by a gigantic wall and deeply segregated between an embittered Zwai and minority Tebu population – the small town is dangerously on edge.
Each tribe runs its own militias, most of which are embedded in government auxiliary forces. “At the moment there are a number of different groups on the ground”, says the Western diplomat. “But there needs to be clear official endorsement, and the weaving together of a unified national force to provide border security.”
Since NATO’s intervention in Libya, invested colonial country-powers, like the UK, France, Italy and the US have rushed to provide advisors and, unofficially, clinch arms deals with the new puppet-Libyan government’s military and policing apparatus.
In neighbouring Niger, the US Africa Command (AFRICOM) has just established a military base for Predator drone surveillance, and the controversial US Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) is working with the Pentagon and CIA on a ‘kill or capture’ list for Libya.
American arms manufacturers and security companies are eager to gain a foothold, but have to navigate a knot of US regulations – leftover from the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA– for licences to do business, which is currently a deterrent.
In April, the UK moored a Navy ship in Tripoli’s harbour to showcase the latest in their security equipment and services, and Prime Minister David Cameron personally visited Libya to sell British weapons systems. France and Italy are also competing to sell arms.
The European Union meanwhile, which has just arrived to spearhead an advisory border guard, is regarded as late on the scene, and potentially hamstrung by security considerations.
But amidst all this Western interest, Libya’s puppet-central government remains in chaos, in a country already awash with weapons.
Officially-sanctioned militias finally lifted a siege of ministries after the ‘Isolation law’ – which is widely interpreted as expelling or barring anyone from office who has been affiliated with the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA or who espouse the Third Universal Theory– was pushed through. But the defence and interior ministries remain in turmoil, and there is confusion over who holds the valuable border portfolio – the Army’s southern command, or the defence ministry’s border control commander.
With so much strategic planning and lucrative deals on the line, foreign embassies and businesses face the vital question of who exactly to conduct business with.
Meanwhile, Libyan citizens are left in highly uncertain circumstances.
“This (so-called) ‘revolution’ is only two years old”,
says Baraka Adam, a Tebu chief, back in Ubari.
“When al-Qathafi came to power, during the first three years he was a good ‘man’. And then he began preaching his ‘third-universal theory’. It’s too early to tell the future. But I am not 100% confident to predict that it must be even better than before.”
Are the Chinese next on Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb’s Hit List?
Although China’s role in North Africa generally gets less attention than its investments south of the Sahara, the Asian giant’s economic, political and security footprint in this region has also long been widening and deepening. China is heavilyengaged in Libya and Algeria’s energy, mineral and construction sectors, the number of Chinese migrants to the region is believed to be steadily rising, and as with the rest of the continent, Chinese manufacturers are happily taking advantage of the demand for cheap manufactured goods.
However, along with China’s growing opportunities, influence and presence in North Africa, there have also emerged some new dangers – not least the rising threat from militant Islamist groups operating in the region.
Although these armed groups may be pleased at one level to see their traditional Western enemies being displaced to an extent by the Chinese, the new Eastern power could also find itself being targeted. After all especially since the Arab uprisings of 2011, China has made a number of diplomatic missteps in which it could have been seen to be backing the wrong horse, while its treatment of its own Muslim Uyghur population back home could mean its rise in North Africa is seen by some as one infidel replacing another.
Though China may want to conduct a strictly business approach to its foreign policy and try not to interfere in anyone else’s domestic affairs, it is finding that its heavy footprint will inevitably shake some groups up the wrong way.
On AQIM’s radar
The group most likely threaten Chinese security in North Africa is al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), a militant group born from Algeria’s Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC). GSPC’s original aims were overthrowing the Algerian government and replacing it with an Islamic state, but a franchise deal with al-Qaeda in late 2006 saw it adopt a more globalised doctrine, and by 2007 it had adopted the al-Qaeda name. AQIM is believed to be one of the best funded and well-armed of the al-Qaeda groups, and the militants have benefited recently from the fall of authoritarian governments in the (so-called) “Arab Spring” and emergence of large ungoverned spaces.
Although China has not traditionally been an enemy of AQIM, its growing presence and links to regimes abhorred by the militants could make it a legitimate target. China’s links to the Algerian government – which date back over half a century ago to the country’s war of independence – have recently been enhanced in the form of multi-billion dollar infrastructure projects, high-level military exchanges and arms sales. In Libya, China was not only reluctant to recognise the National Transitional Council during the 2011 uprising, but allegedly attempted to sell 145.7€ million worth of arms to the ailing GREAT JAMAHIRIYA. And in Syria, China’s continuing supportfor Bashar al-Assad – through economic ties and its rigid principle of non-intervention – is antagonising many Sunni Arabs.
As has occurred many times before – whether in Sudan, Zimbabwe or North Korea – China’s insistence on a ‘non-political’ approach to relations with other countries, whilst supported by some, has tarnished its reputation amongst others and potentially earned the country some new enemies.
However, support for regimes opposed by militant Islamists is not the only reason China could find itself in the firing line. Although China’s suppression of its Uyghur population – a largely Muslim Turkic ethnic group mostly living in Xinjiang province, in China’s far Northwest – has not been fully internationalised by al-Qaeda, there are signs this is beginning to change.
The Uyghurs have long been demanding autonomy and freedom to practice their religion, and over the past decade, the government has responded by suppressing protests, arresting activists and allegedly trying to dilute Uyghur influence in the region by encouraging the mass immigration of Han Chinese to the area. In 2009, these tensions led to riots breaking out in the city of Ürümqi between Uyghurs, Han Chinese and police. According to officials, nearly 200 people were killed, though some groups believe the death toll was higher, and over 1,700 people were injured.
In the wake of this violence, AQIM reportedly issued a call for “reprisals”, labelling China as a legitimate target whose interests in North Africa could be targeted. Not long after, Yahya al-Libi, a Libyan national believed to have once been al-Qaeda’s third-in-command, denounced China’s rule in Xinjiang as one of “injustice and oppression.”
This year, tensions in Xinjiang have only escalated, and serious incidents of violence in April, June and August left scores dead. Furthermore, these dynamics spread to the Beijing for the first time on 28 October when a jeep ploughed into a crowd of tourists in Tiananmen Square, killing five and injuring dozens. The Chinese government blamed the attack on Uyghur militants belonging to the East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM), a separatist group who were placed on the US’ terrorist list in 2001, and denounced Uyghur youths who “blindly follow religious extremist forces.” Since the assault, Beijing has also tightened security in Xinjiang, a region that already often felt like it was under military occupation, and at the end of November encouraged women to unveil in a campaign dubbed Project Beauty.
Although analysts remain sceptical of any purported links between the Tiananmen attack and overseas militants, it does seem that violence is slowly escalating in China. Add to this the allegedpresence of Uyghur militants fighting alongside Islamist opposition forces in Syria, and it seems the group is raising its international profile. If China continues to suppress the religious freedoms of its 10 million Uyghurs in Xinjiang, it may start feeling the effects in North Africa.
China’s soft underbelly
Arguably, the targeting of Chinese workers in North Africa has already started. In June 2009, 40 Chinese workers were attacked by AQIM in Algeria as their convoy travelled to a worksite, leaving one dead and two hospitalised. Coming soon after the Ürümqi riots, some interpreted this as a deliberate assault on Chinese nationals, but leaked US embassy cables suggest that the Algerian soldiers accompanying the convoy, 24 of whom were killed, were the real targets.
However, if the thousands of Chinese labourers working on infrastructure projects on sites across the Maghreb were to be directly sought out for reprisals, they would likely prove to be a fairly soft target.
Though it is notoriously difficult to ascertain exactly how many Chinese nationals there are in the region, the numbers are significant – at the height of the Libyan uprising, China evacuated 36,000 workers from that country alone. But while the Chinese government talks about the importance of keeping its overseas workforce safe, it only has a nascent (although developing) ability to protect its nationals. China lacks certain military capabilities such as the ability to deploy Special Forces, while private Chinese security firms, which are increasingly being employed to protect workers, still lack a degree of professionalism and experience.
This makes China reliant on negotiation and ransom payments when workers are kidnapped, as was the case in Sudan and Egypt in 2012, and this could in fact be an additional tempting factor for the likes of AQIM for which hostage-taking has been a central part of fundraising.
Indeed, for a number of reasons – from its growing presence in the region to its support for unpopular regimes to its domestic treatment of Uyghurs – the motivation for AQIM and other Islamist militants to target China and its interests in the Maghreb seems to be on the up; the future security of thousands of Chinese workers could well depend on how seriously and urgently Beijing is taking this threat.
Correction 19/12/13: In the second paragraph of the section “On AQIM’s radar”, the article originally stated that China allegedly sold 145.7€ million of arms to the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA. This is incorrect. China allegedly attempted to sell rather than actually sold the arms. This has now been corrected. We apologise for the error.
Think Africa Press welcomes inquiries regarding the republication of its articles. If you would like to republish this or any other article for re-print, syndication or educational purposes, please contact:email@example.com.
The Post-colonial Imperial Agenda: America and France Join
Hands in the Destabilization of the African Continent
On December 16 a section of the South Sudanese army backed by politicians angry with the policies of President Silva Kiir, attempted to seize power from the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) government in Juba. The Republic of South Sudan is the newest nation recognized by the United Nations and the African Union (AU) which gained its independence after three decades of civil war between the south and north of the central African state in July 2011.
Prior to the partition of Sudan, the country represented the largest geographic nation-state in Africa. Sudan was emerging as a significant oil-producing state with some 500,000 barrels-per-day being extracted for export and internal usage.
It was the U.S. and the state of Israel that pushed strongly for the South of the country to breakaway and from its own state. Since the partition in 2011, South Sudan has failed to consolidate as a viable nation-state.
In the North the Republic of Sudan has suffered economic difficulties with the decline in oil production, national revenue and the recent protests surrounding the elimination of fuel subsidies resulting in the sharp rise in petroleum costs and the prices of other essential goods. Opposition parties and coalitions, some of which are supported by the West, attempted to utilize the unrest over economic issues to push for regime-change in Khartoum.
With its large oil resources, events in the Republic of South Sudan gained the immediate attention of media outlets throughout the world. Juba’s close alliance with the U.S. and Israel makes it at important outposts for the intervention by imperialism and zionism in the affairs of its northern neighbor, the Republic of Sudan, which supports the Palestinian national movement and maintains close relations with the Islamic Republic of Iran.
In specific reference to events in South Sudan, according to the Financial Times based in London, “President Salva Kiir later appeared on national television in full military uniform to say the army had foiled a coup attempt by a ‘group of soldiers allied’ with the former vice-president, Riek Machar. The armed forces are pursuing them. I promise you today that justice will prevail”. (December 16)
Nonetheless, the Financial Times went on to speculate that perhaps these reports delivered by President Kiir are not wholly representative of the actual developments inside the country. The newspaper reported that
“observers said Mr Kiir might have launched a pre-emptive purge against his opponents. Mr. Machar has in the past said he would contest the presidency in 2015, arguing South Sudan was descending into a dictatorship under Mr. Kiir. Although the country’s oilfields are far from Juba, the capital, the fighting threatens to spill over into other areas and could hit oil production just as the energy market is battling with major disruption in Libya. Estimated at about 200,000 barrels a day, oil is South Sudan’s main source of revenue.”
Egypt, Tunisia and Libya: Instability Continues
Developments further to the north also illustrate that the political events in a particular African state are closely related to its economic role in the world economic system. In Tunisia and Egypt where rebellions erupted in late 2010 and early 2011 against western-backed dictatorial regimes, have still not resulted in genuine popular forces taking control of the state and the economy.
In Tunisia, a moderate Islamic government dominated by the Ennahda Party has virtually collapsed amid mass discontent, protests, labor unrest and ongoing rebellions. Two leftist politicians, Chokri Belaid and Mohammed Brahmi, were assassinated between February and July resulting in general strikes and violent protests.
Although negotiations between Ennahda and opposition parties created the conditions for the appointment of a new prime minister, former industry minister Mehdi Jomma, it remains to be seen whether this will bring the political stability necessary for economic growth. The selection of Jomma was done through negotiations between 21 different parties and coalitions.
However, the left Popular Front which both Belaid and Brahmi belonged, expressed its skepticism over whether the new government could stabilize the situation inside the North African country. An Associated Press article reported that “the Popular Front — whose two members were killed — quickly cast doubt on the ability of Jomaa to carry out any such tasks, saying Jomaa’s government will lack consensus. Party spokesman Hamma Hammami pointed to Jomaa’s slim margin in Saturday’s (December 14) vote. Jomaa garnered but nine of the 21 potential votes. Seven parties abstained, two voted for the runner-up and three were absent.” (December 14)
This same report goes on to quote the Popular Front leader saying that “those in the governing coalition headed by Ennahda ‘were looking for a voice that allows them to stay in power,’” Hammami stressed, referring to Jomaa’s former portfolio as industry minister.
In Egypt a military seizure of power on July 3 has brought MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD members into the streets in demonstrations against the coup demanding the reinstatement of oustedtheir Muslim Brotherhood President Mohamed Morsi, who remains in detention. Many of the political forces that supported the coup in July came together to form a new regime headed by a transitional, but greatly loved, president and prime minister.
A 50-member constitutional committee has drafted revisions to the governing document which is slated to be voted on in a national referendum in mid-January. NThere is now a new law banning unapproved demonstrations.
In Libya nearly three years after a counter-revolutionary war of regime-change was waged against the Great Jamahiriya, the political situation remains volatile and the national economy is on the verge of collapse. The oil-rich state is faced with factionalism and continued military intervention by the Pentagon and NATO.
The U.S.-backed regime of Prime Minister Ali Zaidane has invited the Pentagon and other NATO states to train 7,000 Libyans for an ostensible new national army. Yet various forces inside the country oppose the ongoing prominent role of Washington and other western imperialist states in the affairs of the nation.
Consequently the uprising in Egypt and Tunisia and the imperialist bombing of Libya has still left the region unstable. All three states must build a coalition that can reverse the economic decline through breaking the dependence on the West and crafting their own independent domestic and foreign policy.
Somalia and Kenya: Pentagon Role Highlighted in Recent Crises
The Westgate Shopping Mall incident during September 21-24 in Nairobi, Kenya stemmed directly from the U.S.-NATO role in neighboring Somalia. The African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) is largely funded and supported militarily by Washington and the European Union (EU).
Al-Shabaab, the Islamic resistance movement to the occupation of the Horn of Africa state, continues to fight the AMISOM forces as well as the military commandos sent into the country in missions for France and the U.S. In early October Pentagon Special Forces attempted to attack an Al-Shabaab command center in Baraawe on the southern coast of the country but were repelled by guerrilla fighters.
France had attempted a similar mission in January resulting in the capture and killing of soldiers that sought to rescue an intelligence officer held by Al-Shabaab. Several French troops were killed in the operation and the intelligence operative was soon executed.
France has also intervened twice with occupations supported by the U.S. in Africa during 2013. In Mali, France invaded in January with Pentagon assistance and later in the year in the Central African Republic, supported as well by Washington.
When the Westgate Mall was seized by Al-Shabaab guerrillas in Nairobi, the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) engaged in military operations alongside the Kenyan Defense Forces (KDF). Although Kenyans voted in contravention to U.S. and British wishes in the national elections in March selecting Uhuru Kenyatta as president, the East African state still remains well within the political and economic orbit of western imperialism and its allies.
Southern Africa: The Struggle Continues in Zimbabwe and South Africa
The national harmonized elections in Zimbabwe on July 31 upset the western states when longtime President Robert Mugabe and his ruling ZANU-PF party swept the executive and legislative polls. Despite the monitoring of the elections by the AU, the regional Southern African Development Community (SADC) and other bodies, the U.S. and Britain have maintained their draconian sanctions against the country.
In South Africa workers and their trade unions have continued their labor struggles demanding higher wages and better working conditions. The mines, auto factories and other sectors of the national economy remain a source of class struggle and political debate.
The passing of former President Nelson Mandela has illustrated the history of struggle in South Africa. A return to the revolutionary legacy of Mandela and the ANC will be necessary to move the struggle to the next level of achieving genuine economic liberation and solidarity throughout the region and the continent.
These challenges facing Southern Africa and other regions of the continent will intensify as the world economic crisis deepens and the level of consciousness surrounding the role of the U.S. and other imperialist states in the continuing underdevelopment of Africa is heightened. What is clear is that capitalist relations of production cannot liberate the continent from the legacies of slavery, colonialism and neo-colonialism. Only the overthrow of the exploitation of labor and the construction of socialism can provide Africa with the possibilities of a fresh start aimed at building societies based upon equality, self-determination and sovereignty.
Abayomi Azikiwe is Editor of the Pan-African News Wire
Drones sicaires pour la « kill list » (Il Manifesto)
À quand la « kill list » italienne ?
Edition de mardi 12 juin 2012 de il manifesto
Traduit de l’italien par Marie-Ange Patrizio
“The art of war”
THE 13 June 2012
Drones assassins to ” kill list ” ( Il Manifesto )
arton16956 – 84d2b
DRONE PERSONAL REFLECTIONS in
The United States must defend itself from those who attack , says Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta , rejecting protests over increasing U.S. drone attacks in Pakistan. According Panetta , Pakistanis must understand that ” Predators ” are there also for their property: they fly over their heads , remote control from the U.S. to more than ten thousand kilometers away, to hit with missiles ” Fire of hell ” dangerous terrorists nestled in Pakistani territory . Opposite conclusion , after a visit to Pakistan, Navi Pillay, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: drone attacks , which occur on average every four days , ‘ cause indiscriminate civilian deaths , which are a violation of human rights. ” They also raise serious questions of international law, in that they are conducted ” without any mechanism for civilian or military control.”
Pillay therefore requests the opening of a formal investigation. Prosecution curtly rejected by President Obama, which ensures that the attacks also made drones in Afghanistan , Iraq, Yemen , Somalia and other countries , ” do not cause large civilian casualties .” They are in fact ” held under tight control .” Nobody doubts . As reported by the New York Times, it is the President himself who performs the ” top secret appointments ” of suspected terrorists to kill, for the most part with drone attacks . The ” kill list ” includes people from around the world , deemed harmful to the United States and its interests are secretly sentenced to death on charges of terrorism , is updated every week with ” the strangest rituals bureaucratic ”
conferencing, managed by the Pentagon, more than a hundred leaders of the ” national security” , which pull the sheets killed and added others in a sort of macabre game that compares to the official figures Champions baseball. The list is then submitted to the President for approval. Especially when “at the same time as the terrorist, who will be affected by the drone , there will be family “, ” the final moral assessment” for the Speaker . When it gave its approval, the operator conveniently installed in the United States at its command console drone launched missiles against this house in Pakistan , indicated as a terrorist haven . Anyway, in the explosion, the children do not see themselves . Here is what ” unconventional warfare ” waged by the Obama administration.
It develops for her drones increasingly sophisticated : like nuclear propulsion, able to fly continuously for months, and a small ” kamikaze drone ” beating down on goal by destroying with its explosive charge. Gold business for builders Industries ( General Atomics , Northrop Grumman and others): the Pentagon has decided to increase by 30% its current fleet of 7,500 drones , spending 23.31€ billion . Italy will participate in spending 2.91€ billion to five drones made in USA , made by NATO Sigonella (Sicily), and buy missiles and precision bombs for its own drones, also made in USA . This , says the Pentagon used to “protect” not only Italy but also the United States.
When will ” kill list” Italian ?
Edition of Tuesday, a2 June 12012 il manifesto
Translated from Italian by Google
QATAR ARRESTS REKNOWNED EGYPTIAN WRITER:
Urgent and Important
Egyptian writer Nabil Sharaf El-Din
After his statement on Al-Jazeera that the statelet of Qatar and Al Jazeera fights Egypt and the Egyptian people
and interfering in its affairs and carry out the agenda of suspicious.
He was detained at the airport in Doha and infringement upon
(News Agency of Libya today)
Jews who fled persecution in Egypt are “full blooded Egyptians”, declares Sharaf el-Din. The article describes at length their active role in Egyptian cultural and artistic life. By emphasizing the cultural contributions, the author helps dispel the commonly held belief among many Egyptians that Jews were rich foreigners (khawagat) whose only contributions to Egypt was limited to the economic sphere at best.
Nabil Sharaf el-Din, an Egyptian political writer, denounced recent threats made against Christians by ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood leader Mohamed el-Beltagy:
Why does he speak about [Christians] specifically and not all of the Egyptian people who rejected their (‘MUSLIM’ BROTHERHOOD) rule?
Published: 11:45 GMT Daylight Time – Wednesday 07 August 2013
CHRISTIAN COMMUNITIES ATTACKED IN EGYPT,
SCAPEGOATED FOR MORSI’S OUSTER
Country/Region: Egypt, Middle East and North Africa
Christian communities are continuing to bear the brunt of angry protests by supporters of ousted president Mohammad Morsi, with more than 20 people being injured and property destroyed in attacks on four Minya villages.
On Thursday (1 August), Christian residents in Nazlet Abid were attacked and their cars destroyed as they were travelling to and from work. They were consequently forced to suspend work at the white brick factories where most of the villagers are employed.
That night Morsi supporters threw stones at the homes of Christians and churches in Delga during a protest march.
Elsewhere, in Beni-Ahmed village, Christian-owned property was also targeted, prompting the residents to flee. Several homes and businesses, including two supermarkets, a pharmacy, a kiosk and a coffee shop, as well as a number of vehicles were torched on Saturday evening.
The violence spread to the nearby village of Reeda, where a church was attacked, causing severe damage to its facade.
Christians have been targeted by Morsi supporters since his removal from office by the military on 3 July following protests by millions of disaffected Egyptians.
The minority group, who comprise around ten per cent of the population, are being scapegoated by the Muslim Brotherhood for their defeat. A recent article on the organisation’s website called “The Military Republic of Tawadros” (Pope Tawadros is the leader of the Coptic Church) urges its followers to believe that the country’s Christians “openly and secretly led the process of opposition to the Islamic stream and this stream’s rise to power”.
Given the Christians’ limited numerical strength and lack of influence in the country generally, this is a highly implausible argument, but it has proven effective in stirring up the Brotherhood rank and file as it taps into the pre-existing contempt in which they hold non-Muslims. Blaming the uprising against Morsi on Christians also enables the Brotherhood to avoid having to admit that many Egyptian Muslims were also opposed to the Islamist regime.
Even if every Christian in the country, including children, had signed the petition organised by the opposition Tamarod (“Rebel”) movement calling for Morsi to go, they would still have been significantly outnumbered by Muslim signatures; more than 22 million people put their name to the campaign, and there are only around eight million Christians in Egypt.
Nabil Sharaf el-Din, an Egyptian political writer, denounced recent threats made against Christians by Brotherhood leader Mohamed el-Beltagy:
Why does he speak about [Christians] specifically and not all of the Egyptian people who rejected their rule?
The risk to Christians, particularly in Minya governorate, where a number of churches have come under attack, is so great that services are being broadcast on the internet so that people can participate at home rather than endanger themselves by going to the buildings.
Death threats have forced Pope Tawadros to go into hiding.
(Photo: Reuters/Amr Abdallah Dalsh)Egypt’s new Islamist President Mohamed Morsi speaks during a news conference at the presidential palace in Cairo July 13, 2012.
A number of Egyptian politicians have denounced the threats launched by Muslim Brotherhood leaders against Coptic Christians, in an attempt to prevent them from demonstrating. This came after Gen. Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, Minister of Defense and Military Production, called on Egyptian citizens to help fight terrorism.
In Rabaa el-Adawiya Square, Cairo, Mohamed el-Beltagy, a Muslim Brotherhood leader, warned Copts against participating in demonstrations. Beltagy also warned them against being used by Sisi as victims to save himself and his coup, as former Minister of Interior Adli did in the bombing of the Two Saints Church.
Beltagy claimed that “the Islamists secured for Copts the right to practice their beliefs and build houses of worship as written in the constitution.”
Nabil Sharaf el-Din, a political writer, denounced Beltagy’s threats. “Beltagy threatens Copts concerning a massacre intended for them to intimidate them from taking to the streets,” Sharaf el-Din said via his Twitter account.
“Why does he [Beltagy] speak about Copts specifically and not all of the Egyptian people who rejected their rule?” Sharaf el-Din wondered.
In a related context, political activist Alaa Abdel Fattah said via his Twitter account,
“As usual, pro-deposed president supporters cannot speak for five minutes without turning the speech into a sectarian one and insulting Christians.”
Gamal Eid, director of the Arabic Network for Human Rights, wrote on Twitter yesterday that when the leaders of the Brotherhood spoke of Christians, they used the hateful description, “Nasara.”
Sky News Arabia
Now | Egyptian judicial source: notification to all Egyptian airports today to lift the name of Ahmed Shafiq watch lists:
AHMED SHAFIQ is VERY, VERY GOOD!!!
EGYPT! ITS KNOWN GLORY!
Group sent Ahmed Shafiq, President of the National Movement Party and former candidate for the presidency, a letter to Barack Obama, the President of the United States of America, demanded the withdrawal of U.S. Ambassador Anne Patterson from Cairo, because their presence in Egypt is no longer desirable.
He said,“Shafiq” in his letter:
” Dear Mr. Obama .. Over the past 15 years and worked on the Central Intelligence Agency to change Egypt into another Iraq.”
“Well, it’s an attempt to nice, sir, you do not understand a lot about Egypt, perhaps you should ask your relatives about the status of our country in the Koran, or how the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, the description of our army, has been mentioned Egypt the Bible five times, and is described as a safe country, where people live in peace and harmony.”
And went on,”Shafiq” in his message as he
described the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him):
“our troops as the best soldiers on the planet, and the text clearly states that remains the army and the Egyptian people united until the end of time, the Bible describes the Egyptian people and the nation blessed by Jesus Christ, so Mr. Obama You can kindly on us by inviting Ms. Anne Patterson to the United States because they are no longer welcome in Egypt.”
He concluded, “Shafiq,” his letter said:
“We hope you have learned that not all countries bow to manipulation, and should not be trying to spend money from the American taxpayers to create dictatorships in countries of the independence, sovereignty, and we call on all Americans as the peace-loving peoples of the investigation seriously in the efforts of their government terrorist to impose a fascist regime, and whether they are paying taxes to achieve this? Is this what we pay taxes to achieve? Is this the human values that have been your election to them. “
ركة الوطنية والمرشح السابق للرئاسة، برسالة إلى باراك أوباما، رئيس الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية، طالبه فيها بسحب السفيرة الأمريكية آن باترسون من القاهرة، لأن وجودها بمصر لم يعد مرغوبا فيه.
وقال “شفيق” فى رسالته: عزيزى السيد أوباما.. على مدى السنوات الـ15 الماضية عملت وكالة المخابرات المركزية على تغيير مصر إلى عراق آخر.
وأضاف “شفيق”: حسنا، إنها محاولة لطيفة يا سيدى، أنت لا تفهم الكثير عن مصر، ربما يجب عليك أن تسأل أقاربك حول وضع بلدنا فى القرآن الكريم، أو كيف النبى محمد، صلى الله عليه وسلم، وصف جيشنا، وقد ورد ذكر مصر فى الكتاب المقدس خمس مرات، ويوصف بأنه بلد آمن حيث يعيش الناس فى سلام ووئام.
واستطرد “شفيق” فى رسالته: وقد وصف النبى محمد عليه الصلاة والسلام جنودنا باعتبارهم أفضل جنود على كوكب الأرض، ونص بوضوح على أن يبقى الجيش والشعب المصرى موحدًا حتى نهاية الوقت، فى الكتاب المقدس وصف الشعب المصرى والأمة المباركة من يسوع المسيح، لذلك سيد أوباما يمكنك التفضل علينا من خلال دعوة السيدة آن باترسون إلى الولايات المتحده لأنها لم يعد مرحبا بها فى مصر”.
واختتم “شفيق” رسالته قائلا: “نأمل أنك تعلمت أن ليس كل البلدان ترضخ للتلاعب، ويجب ألا تحاول أن تنفق المال من دافعى الضرائب الأمريكيين لخلق دكتاتوريات فى بلدان الاستقلال والسيادة، ونحن ندعو جميع الأمريكيين باعتبارهم من الشعوب المحبة للسلام للتحقيق بجدية فى مساعى حكومتهم الإرهابية لفرض نظام فاشى، وهل هم يدفعون الضرائب لتحقيق هذا؟ أهذا هو ما دفع الضرائب لتحقيقه؟ وهل هذه هى القيم الإنسانية التى تم انتخابكم لها”.
Coptic Patriarch Hopeful After expulsion of ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood Egyptian-gangster “President” is Deposed
Patriarch Ibrahim Isaac Sidrak Believes Country is Now On The Right Track
By Junno Arocho Esteves
CAIRO, 04 July 2013 (Zenit.org) – Patriarch of Alexandria of the Catholic Copts Ibrahim Isaac Sidrak expressed his support for the ouster of Mohamed Morsy as president of Egypt by the Egyptian people and their patriotic and religious military.
“We have been celebrating since yesterday evening. We did not sleep. The people of Egypt have peacefully regained their country. And therefore showed the world that they are civilized people, in spite of the great problems they face,” Patriarch Sidrak told Fides News Agency.
The end of Morsy’s presidency followed after weeks of public protests against a perceived government monopolization by the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood, the former president’s political party.
The Egyptian military and popular revolt of the Egyptian people deposed Morsy and set about establishing an interim government with the assistance of opposition parties and religious leaders in an effort to stabilize the country which has suffered weeks of turmoil in the wake of violent protests. Adly Mansour, head of the Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court, was appointed interim president until elections are scheduled.
“Several signals show that we are on the right track. We will not repeat the mistakes made in the past. This time, they have well prepared the next steps, today the new interim President Adly Mansour swears in, and gradually steps will be taken towards the full restoration of democratic order”.
Despite his optimism at the new turn of events, Patriarch Sidrak conveyed his concern with situations affecting the nation. “We cannot say that we do not have fears. The economic situation is worrying and makes everyone more at risk of being manipulated by the sirens of propaganda. Morsy’s militant supporters feel they have lost, and this can trigger feelings of revenge. We must convince them that there is also place for them in the Country and that no one rejects them, but they should be and behave as Egyptians, as fellow citizens of all the other Egyptians, and not aim at establishing religious despotism.”
The Coptic Patriarch explained that while most Egyptian citizens would “never accept to go back” the how the government was run under Morsy’s party, the fact remains that at least 15 million citizens “were forced to support the radical beliefs of the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood.”
“They should not be excluded from the political scene,” Patriarch Sidrak stressed, “but they must behave like a political party, and not as a means to impose religious hegemony. Everyone can live their own religious faith in the mosque or church, without imposing on others religious precepts.”
Ahmed Chafik profile:
Ancien Premier ministre d’Égypte
Ahmad Chafik, né le 25 novembre 1941 au Caire, en Égypte, est un général d’aviation et homme politique égyptien,
Premier ministre du 31 janvier au 3 mars 2011. Wikipédia
Naissance : 25 novembre 1941 (72 ans), Le Caire, Égypte
Conjoint : Azza Tawfiq
Parent : Mohamed Shafik
Fonction précédente : Premier ministre d’Égypte (2011–2011)
Enfants : Shirin Ahmed Shafik, Amira Ahmed Shafik, May Ahmed Shafik
He was appointed as prime minister by President Hosni Mubarak on 31 January 2011 in response to the 2011 Egyptian Revolution, making him the last prime minister to serve as part of Mubarak’s administration. He remained in office for only one month, under intense pressure from the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood. Then, in September 2012, Morsi’s ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood government issued an arrest warrant for Shafik.
BIO, I posted the following Bio online 04 JULY 2013..and therfore, it is almost 6 months old now.:
Shafik was born in the Heliopolis district of Cairo on 25 November 1941. His parents were prominent members of Egyptian society with his father, Mohamed Shafiq Zaki, serving as undersecretary at the ministry of irrigation and his mother, Naja Alwi, was the daughter of a noted ophthalmologist. After completing his schooling at the Heliopolis Secondary School, he attended the Egyptian Air Academy from where he graduated in 1961 at the age of 20 and became a member of the Egyptian Air Force (EAF).
Later in his career, he gained a master’s degree in military science; a Fellowship of High War College from Nasser Military Academy; a Fellowship of Combined Arms from the High War College in Paris; a Fellowship of the National Defense College from Nasser Military Academy; and a Ph.D. in “The National Strategy of Outer-Space”.
Air Marshal Ahmed Shafik received the highest medals and merits during his service. As a young officer, Shafik served as a fighter pilot and was later appointed as fighter air squadron commander. During the War of Attrition (1967–1970), Shafik saw active service as the Multi-Task Airwing Commander. Subsequently he took up a post as an air base commander.
During the “1973 October War”, Shafik was a senior fighter pilot under Hosni Mubarak’s command. It was claimed that Shafik shot down two Israeli aircraft during the war on 14 October 1973.
During his 40 years of service in the Egyptian Air Force as a fighter pilot, he flew several types of fighter jets including the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 and the Dassault Mirage 2000; he also acted as the wing commander for the Egyptian Air Force acrobatic team. He is also fully qualified on the American-built McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II and the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon.
In 1984, Shafik was appointed military attaché in the Egyptian Embassy in Rome. He continued in this role until 1986. From 1988 to 1991, Shafik served several military senior command positions before he was appointed as the Commander of the Air Operations Department.
In September 1991, Shafik was appointed as the Air Force’s Chief of Staff, holding this position until April 1996, when he became Commander of the Egyptian Air Force.
In 2002 after resigning from the military service, he was appointed as minister of civil aviation and was succeeded by his chief-of-staff Air Marshal Magdy Galal Sharawi.
Shafiq became the Minister of Civil Aviation on 18 September 2002. Whilst he was the minister for civil aviation, he oversaw improvements in EgyptAir and helped construct a new third terminal at Cairo International Airport which was completed in 2008 and opened for commercial operations on 27 April 2009. He continued the position until succeeding Ahmed Nazif as the Prime Minister of Egypt on the 31st of January 2011.
During the course of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, Shafik was named prime minister by then president Hosni Mubarak on 29 January 2011.]
Shafik’s period in office as prime minister was short-lived, lasting just over a month, after he resigned on 03 March due to pressure from the Western Alliance against Libya’s Great Jamahiriya and their protestors, and from the Egyptian ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood “opposition”. They had objected to Shafik staying on as PM, having been seen as one of Mubarak’s old guard. Shafik was alleged to have been a member of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces that took over power after Mubarak’s departure on 11 February 2011.
On 10 July 2011, Shafik made his first public appearance since resigning as prime minister. He attended the graduation ceremony of the Egyptian Air Force Academy class along with the Chief of Staff of the Egyptian Armed Forces…and thanked Muammar al-Qathafi for his warm tribute to Gamel Nassar…and he also sent al-Qathafi and the Great Jamahiriya his blessings.
In November 2011, Shafik announced his candidacy in the Egyptian presidential elections.Shafik’s candidacy sparked controversy and protest within radical Egyptian circles, with many considering him to be a holdover of the Mubarak “regime”.
Shafik’s remark that he considers former president Hosni Mubarak to be a “role model” was particularly controversial.
At one campaign event, a Salafi protester hurled shoes at him, although Shafik was not struck. Shafik’s candidacy was noted as supported by many in Egypt’s Coptic Christian minority who are opposed to ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood and Salafist candidates for that election.
On 28 May 2012, MB protesters angry at Shafik’s advancement to the second round of voting set fire to an office associated with his campaign in Cairo. Fellow candidate Khaled Ali said while participating in a protest against the election results in Tahrir Square that Tahrir had “toppled Mubarak, and would topple Shafik”.
The election contest between Shafik and Morsi had been described as a “choice between two of Egypt’s most polarizing politicians”, and some Salafist activists resorted to participation in a hunger strike to protest his candidacy.
Shafik’s presidential campaign was characterized by an emphasis on public order and security, and although the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces did not endorse a candidate, American news outlet McClatchy Newspapers pointed to the “conspicuous presence of sympathetic security forces at his campaign stops” as evidence of his close relationship with the military.
Shafik used his campaign events to court voters wary of an Salafist-led government.
WAS THE ELECTION RESULTS RIGGED BY US PRESIDENT BARAQ OBAMA as the Egyptian Miliary Contended?
The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, with Shafik.therfore, still claimed victory in the election.
On 24 June, the High Presidential Electoral Commission, headed by Farouk Sultan, announced Shafik’s narrow defeat by his bitter rival Morsi, with 48.27% of the vote for the former, compared to ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood Morsi‘s 51.73%.
(To this day, those results are highly contended.) Shafik alleged that the election was flawed; Public Prosecutor Abdel Meguid Mahmoud has called for an investigation into the claims.
Morsi has since shown himself to be crime-land thug, as well as a vicious Salafist.
Under threats from the Brotherhood, in the hours following his “defeat”, it was widely reported that Shafiq and his family flew out of Egypt.
Ahmed Shafiq announced that he would launch a new political party, called the Egyptian Patriotic Movement, on 24 September 2012.
Ahmed Shafiq unrepentant about past
Ahmed Shafiq promised voters that he would restore security and stability to Egypt.
Shafiq, like the ex-president, was a fighter pilot in wars with Israel and commanded the Egyptian air force before entering politics. He enjoys the cachet of being a former general in a society where the military remain powerful players. Critics describe him pejoratively as a fuloul (remnant) of the old regime.
Shafiq, now 70, was minister of civil aviation when Mubarak made him prime minister in January 2011 in response to the mass protests in Cairo and other cities. He had a reputation as an efficient technocrat who oversaw successful modernisation programmes at the state-owned EgyptAir and the country’s ramshackle airports.
He was in office for just a month…
He is popular with Egypt’s Coptic Christian minority, who like his tough line on Salafists.
“I think by experience I am able, 100%, to control this phenomenon,” Shafiq said in a recent interview, referring to the Muslim Brotherhood.
Another part of his appeal is his good relationship with the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, who will certainly prefer him to Morsi as president.
Shafiq has been unapologetic about his past and has defended comments he made in 2010 praising Mubarak as a role model and father figure. Much of his support comes from loyalists of the now dissolved National Democratic party.
Muammar al-Qathafi with MUBARAK 15 AUGUST 2005:
18 JANUARY 1996 Muammar al-Qathafi with MUBAREK in EGYPT:
The beautiful NASAR Memorial which Muammar al-Qathafi built for Benghazi; but, in 2011 Vandals from Qatar demolished it!
When Mu’ammar was “taken for a ride” by UGANDA con-artists (because of his innocence and basic belief in human decency).
Unfortunately, some of the people, the commander did not know its value nor his achievements
By voice of truth / Dr Hamza Thami
وللاسف البعض من شعب القائد لم يعرف قيمته ولا انجازاتهخان العهد , وتحالف مع اخوان الشياطين اوالنيتو ع خاطر حرية وهمية وراتب وهمي 3000 الدولارلكن صدق سيدي عندما قال انا في قلوب الملايين…ربي يحميك يا سيد السبيب ويقرب يوم البعيد
بقلم صوت الحق / دكتور حمزة التهاميهذي مجله اوغنديه واسعة الانتشار خصصت العدد كامل لانجازات القائد لافريقيا عامه وللمسلمين الافارقه الصفحات كثيره احاول نشرها كلها اليوم يتم بيع اعدادها امام المساجد في اوغندا وفي اكشاك الشوارع والاسواق