Quiet Saturday

 (MU’AMMAR AL-QATHAFI on WEDNESDAY, 02 MARCH 2011)

(Mu 02 MARCH 2011

Mu summit

    • Why is Libya so Important to the World?

      Avatar
      viedoklis

      It impossible for rebels and NATO to win this war, because it’s not against Gaddafi – it’s against all Libyan people that actually rule this nation using direct democracy – not politicians that lie all the time . Main stream media can lie about those imported rebel support as much as they like – Libyans will all fight till death for they freedom they got after revolution in 1969 when they sent back all U.S., UK, France, Italy corporations to home and nationalized their oil so that they could become most wealthy and socially secured nation in Africa.

      • Avatar
        viedoklis  viedoklis

        Tripoli is not taken as any region in Libya even in 20 or more years. Even if NATO and rebels killed Qathafi and took by NATO force all cities  – they still would not control Libyans.
        How can you don’t understand a very simple thing:
        You can not stop idea with bullet.
        You can shoot as much as you dear to kill innocent people – but they won’t change their idea.
        I know that because my nation was occupied by Soviet Union and deported all intellectuals, killed many many people – but idea still lived even after 50 years of occupation. You can not kill idea by bullet.
        Fools only think that they can do that.
        Libyans know what is to live at high social standards – they know what is direct democracy without politicians.  And even if these called rebels which where imported by NATO will take control physically by this region they will never take control over free Libyans mentally.
        But I guess it’s hard to understand for most of the people.


An urgent message from Mustafa Media Qdereboh to the Libyan people – 01.02.2014. ,,,

Commander of the room / Muammar al-Qathafi. Direct broadcast room leader / Muammar al-Qathafi.

  • . البث المباشر غرفة القائد / معمر القذافي .http://paltook.blogspot.com/Direct broadcast room leader / Muammar al-Qathafi..
    Direct broadcast room leader / Muammar al-Qathafi in Paltalk
    paltook.blogspot.se
    The occasion of Eid Al Fateh (44) was Bhamdallah opening room leader (Muammar Alvmafa) on Paltalk

    paltook.blogspot.se

    مناسبه عيد الفاتح ( 44 ) تم بحمدالله افتتاح غرفه القائد ( معمر الفذافي ) علي البالتوك
  • https://www.facebook.com/QnatAlfathAbda
    Channel Conqueror never
    Care about international and local news events” that affect the landscape of the Libyan special and the world in general

    نهتم بالاخبار الدوليه والمحليه ’’ الذي تؤثر علي المشهد الليبي خاصه والعالم عموما

    https://www.facebook.com/ALGAID.MUAMMAR.Al.GADDAFI

    Alnzal-mail address for the Liberation of the Great Jamahiriya Warning (FB GROUP):
    (very important for the supporters of Colonel Muammar al-Qathafi)

    After the fall of rats 17 Gahaar (FEBRUARY) internally and externally Come cries ministers Sundays Zionist “European” and the steadfastness of the Liberals in the Great Jamahiriya and the approaching phase liberate the homeland of the Jews, Zionism and Satanists

    and feeling the 17 Gahaar and Jews Eldonma approaching their end of the home and abroad because of the support of the United States, Europe and the United Nations and the Security Council terrorist groups fighter and who was backed and may abandon them start Isdh holding meetings UN to study the situation of Libya yesterday were friends of Libya and today’s friends from?? since warn the Liberal trap Brotherhood Zionism is behind the Mossad, Turkey and Qatar,

    Abdul Mozah President of Sudan from DDS machinations of Independents to destroy their weapons about a week ago ..

    Started up to all air bases corrupt quantities of ammunition used by the Mossad against President Nasser in his war against the Zionist 1957 …

    And ammunition ranging from the lower 23 and 14.5, and all small arms and leave them in place so they act as a trap for free for the elimination of weapons of those munitions because they are not valid and is intended to detonate pipe absolutely no barrel in addition to their cars linked via satellite to determine their locations Liberal ..

    So beware and heavily traded those munitions burning is their cars surveillance by Mossad, Turkey and Qatar note has disease leaked to the market since during almost two days and at low prices.

    Note:

    these munitions coming from Sudan occupied Abdul banana because they have a factory there and the brothers, including compatibility so that they can Liberal control in all countries, but the Liberals and eliminate them ..

    Forward … The struggle continues.

    • هام جداً :: تحذير لأنصار العقيد معمر القذافي

      بعد سقوط جرذان 17 قهاير داخلياً وخارجياً تعالي صيحات وزراء الاحاد الصهيوني “الاوروبي” وصمود الاحرار فى الجماهيرية العظمى و اقتراب مرحلة تحرير الوطن من اليهود والصهيونية وعبده الشيطان وشعور ال 17 قهاير ويهود الدونما باقتراب نهايتهم من الداخل و الخارج بسبب دعم امريكا وأوروبا والأمم المتحدة ومجلس الامن للجماعات الارهابية المقاتلة و من كان يساندهم و قد تخلي عنهم بدء يصدح بعقد الاجتماعات بالامم المتحدة لدراسة وضع ليبيا بالأمس كانوا اصدقاء ليبيا واليوم اصدقاء من ؟؟اذ نحذر الاحرار من فخ الاخوان الصهيونية ومن ورائهم الموساد وتركيا وقطر وعبد موزة رئيس السودان من دس المكائد للأحرار لتدمير اسلحتهم منذ اسبوع تقريبا .. بدأت تصل الى كافة القواعد الجوية كميات من الذخائر الفاسدة التي استخدمها الموساد ضد الرئيس عبد الناصر في حربه ضد الصهيونية 1957 م … والذخائر تبدءا من 23 و 14.5 و كافة الاسلحة الخفيفة و تركها فى اماكنها حتى تكون بمثابة فخ للأحرار للقضاء على اسلحتهم بتلك الذخائر لأنها غير صالحة والهدف منها تفجير ماسورة الاطلاق اي السبطانه بالإضافة الى سياراتهم المربوطة عبر الاقمار الاصطناعية لتحديد بها مواقع الاحرار .. لذلك نحذر وبشدة من تداول تلك الذخائر بحرقها هي وسياراتهم المراقبة من قبل الموساد وتركيا وقطر علما قد بداء تسريبها للسوق منذ خلال يومين تقريبا و بأسعار منخفضة .ملاحظة :: تلك الذخائر قادمة من السودان المحتل من عبد موزة لأنهم يمتلكون مصنع هناك والأخوان بينهم توافق حتى يستطيعوا السيطرة على الاحرار فى كافة الدول ولكن الاحرار والقضاء عليهم ..الى الامام … والكفاح مستمر

    Mu purple

    القائد رمزنا ، والكتاب الاخضر منهج ودستورنا ، مستمرون بفكر القائد ، الصفحه مجتمعية اخبارية نهتم بالشان الليبي خاصه والعربي والاسلامي واي خبر عالمي يؤثر علي الوضع الليبي .
    Communauté : 2 639 personnes aiment
    https://www.facebook.com/ALGAID.MUAMMAR.Al.GADDAFI
    Chamber of Muammar al-Qathafi on Paltalk
    Commander of our symbol, and the Green Book methodology and our Constitution, continue thinking leader,
    Page community news Balchan Libyan special care and the Arab and Islamic world news
    Wi impact on the Libyan situation.
    Communauté: 2 639 personnes aiment
    London newspaper the Middle East ..reports:Protesters threaten armed revolution and the arrest of officials next Sunday ..
    «Disclaim headquarters and hold everyone’s responsibility and we ask all revolutionaries equipped with us for next Sunday While the time to reach the ninth minute evening is all official under house arrest .. And begin a military confrontation .. »Faces «Ali Zaidane» head of the transitional government in Libya hours crucial before deciding the fate of his government during a meeting held by the National Congress on Sunday said the members of the conference’s top legislative and constitutional in the country «Middle East» that there was agreement between the various political parties and blocs inside the conference to overthrow «Zaidane» from his post he held in the month of November 2012 ..The «Omar Humaidan» spokesman of the National Congress that «the general trend within the members of the conference is to withdraw confidence from the government Zaidane and the appointment of a new head of government» and added that «the fundamental problem is the search for a candidate to replace Zaidane in the next phase has not yet announced the names of strong candidates» ..He «a large group of members had asked to discuss no-confidence in the Government of Zaidane at a meeting next Sunday, it needs to be the availability of a quorum of 120 votes» consists National Congress essentially 200 members but was expelled about 15 members over the past months due to the discovery of their relationship with the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA or with Colonel Muammar al-Qathafi, which made them susceptible to the law of political isolation and survived Zaidane several attempts to oust him because of the lack of consensus between political rivals within the alliance national forces, led by Dr. Mahmoud Jibril, or the “Party of Justice and construction” (the Almara political group of the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood) on his successor at the head of the government.In a development that seriously threatened the group of young people who protested in front of the headquarters of the National Congress and several ministries and government institutions in the capital Tripoli, the arrest of members of the National Congress by Sunday evening if not at least the next Zaidane. A member of this group for the «Middle East» The protesters in the government headquarters, which is the most influential in Libya and abroad, would withdraw from the headquarters that camped out and wait around for members of Congress until nine o’clock on Sunday evening, as the last deadline for a response to their demands, the most important topple the government Zaidane and hold them accountable for what they’ve done against the Libyan people. The «disclaim headquarters and hold everyone’s responsibility, and we ask all revolutionaries equipped with us for next Sunday at a time which will reach the time to ninth-minute evening, is all official under house arrest, and begin the confrontation militarily with all of the missed interest of the Libyan people. And will arrest all the members of the National Congress and the Ministers of the Government of Zaidane ».The member, who asked to withhold his name, that this group delivered a statement to that effect addressed to the members of the National Congress, stated in the text «So Nmhlkm Tgrona and we hope not to have dire consequences. And cheer and make sure that the blood of our martyrs is still in our throats will not forget, and we’re afraid to Libya more afraid of what you are on your posts ».He revealed that the members of Congress who received a copy of this statement confirmed «that will be introduced» they «will vote on the dismissal of the Government of Zaidane on Sunday, and asked the young people to give them the opportunity and restraint». He quoted one of the leaders of this political movement as saying «no retreat from the government to drop Zaidane», adding that «most of the rebel leaders will participate in another revolution may be armed to stop the bleeding of corruption», he said.For its part, assured the Committee of Foreign Affairs to the National Conference, in a statement carried by local news agency, that the closure of the Libyan Foreign Ministry and to stop its work has led to the disruption of essential functions, and hindered the implementation of the fulfillment of the obligations of an international precedent, as well as insulting to the reputation of Libya International.The Committee noted that it is the citizens’ right to peaceful protest and sit-in, but this right does not include any way to disable or close institutions, whether public or private.
    In the meantime, Minister of Justice issued the Libyan Salah Mirghani a formal decision to nominate committee review existing legislation and propose amendments, including provisions does not decrease with the deterministic and the basic rules of Islamic law, based on nominations stakeholders. He called the decision by Dr. Hamid Aalghemati, Chancellor of the Supreme Court, chairman of the committee, which is composed of a number of university professors and representatives of the Fatwa and the Ministry of Awqaf and the Board of Public Freedoms and Human Rights and the Association of Attorneys General, in addition to the four members of the specialists on the institutions of civil society.
    It is noteworthy that the National Congress issued on the fourth of last month, a statement confirmed that the Islamic Sharia is the basis for all legislation and the work of all institutions of the state which is witnessing a debate rages over the sources of legislation ..
    Protestors Sat. 04 JAN 2014
    FB VIDEO:
    Mendkulail Green Square protesters
    Chanting   “Aahi Yakyiom al-Rixos topples Today.”
    Published by Aladinm / 2 here
    SAADI al-Qathafi:
    Libya196900 4:36 video, which was introduced Basset Aaron about the property and billions of the Libyan people that the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood is trying to steal
    de Libya196900il ya 3 heures8 vues Hsrra video presented by Abdul Baset Aaron about the property and billions of the Libyan people that are meant to steal one of the African countries in the video showing deficiencies in the African country of 16 Village Street and every street approximately 50 villas and boxes …
     Video presented by Abdul Baset Aaron about the property and billions of the Libyan people that the Muslim Brotherhood is trying to steal
    Libya196900 · 323 vidéos
    Abonné10 vues 0 1J’aimeÀ propos de Partager Ajouter à Publiée le 3 janv. 2014
    Hsrra video presented by Abdul Baset Aaron about the property and billions of the Libyan people that are meant to steal one of the African countries in the video showing deficiencies in the African country of 16 Village Street and every street approximately 50 villas and funds out of 1.46€ billion and a half
    To ensure business continuity and lack of closure of the channel please put Lake on the video and subscribe to the channel.
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    ||~أعلام ~أخر الاخبار~|| أخر اخبار الشأن الليبي …. LIBYABOOK صوت الليبين الأحرار ضد شرادم ثوار الناتو اكبر شبكة اعلامية للمقاومة الليبية علي الانترنت
    Organisme communautaire : 49 821 personnes aiment

    GaddafiMedia
    3:24 each year and Ahbab Conqueror thousand good …. Aaam New
    de Osama Alorchwena
    O near us joyous hour

    LIBYAN YOUTH NEED HELP TO GET BACK HOME TO LIBYA NOW:

     

    Word now – rebounds Media
    The suffering of the envoys of the Libyan army for training in Turkey.
    FB VIDEO:
    وردَ الآن – متابعات اعلامية

    معاناة المبعوثين من الجيش الليبي للتدريب فى تركيا

     

    FAKE “TURKISH TRAINING OF LIBYAN ARMY” : IT all was for PROPAGANDA and indoctrination purposes and there was NO MILITARY TRAINING—and now the young men are “out on the Streets” needing somehow to get back home to LIBYA !!!

    Youth cycle Libyan army in Turkey after they came out of training camp specifically in the City of Bars became clear they were trafficked by the relevant committee Crown for a month did not receive in any training, but only cosine daily and now they are on the street and did not care about me commanded —

    Committee to monitor oil production and export of follow-up
    Atmosphere of the country
    The interim government formed a committee to monitor oil production and export to the follow-up operations abroad to ensure the safety performance and compliance with laws and regulations and legislation governing the work.
    The government’s decision that the Commission concerned to submit periodic reports and immediately to the Minister of oil and gas, as well as a copy of the reports to the President of the Court of Audit.
    The Committee shall consist of the President Belkacem Mohammed Zawawi and two HAMIDA Gammoudi Muhammad Khalid Abdul Jalil Boujenah.

_____________________________________________________________________

Demonstrations in Benghazi and Tripoli rejects extension Conference
National Public …

Abdul Basit Haroun on Canal Libya first: 

in the first analyzes of the political situation in the country Araboivkr very important facts about
the Muslim Brotherhood and its relationship with America …
Serious talk about the CIA, and talk about the plot, Qatar, Turkey
Implementation of the agendas of America in the region, and how they Djalo Brotherhood.

Altcfhirien recruited under the pretext of applying the law of God to kill Muslims,
Sons and their homeland …
Serious talk about a battalion February 17 and Rav Alshaty God and Brotherhood
Control and exploit for their protection, and the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood in control of the Council
Local ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood.
Words very, very serious

All agents of the Ministry of Interior, Defense and intelligence in all stages brothers and fighter!

Everyone knows that the agent is a minister who served Aalerd.

(victory to heroes of the Resistance Aalerd.)

Brotherhood in Libya in control of the Central Bank of Libya and lose
Converts 2 billion to Egypt during the reign of Brothers Mursi, and Sisi
The Egyptian government Oalno they did not Athsalo to 2 billion ..
I went to the pockets of any Brotherhood.
Because the governor of Central Bank of Libya prostrate and kneel Brotherhood
Libya’s money and Miliradtha However, Brotherhood, and intelligence-led conspiracy
With the implementation of the U.S. Brotherhood target Libyan state bankruptcy.
The Department of Defense has bought explosives for the bombing of dimension 0.1000 Bag
Contract with a terrorist explosives dealer is required by the United Nations ..
When he refused, the defense minister decided Albergthe planned 30 member corrupt
Brotherhood sacked ..

4 billion out of the Central Bank of Libya and handed over to the Muslim Brotherhood

in Egypt without the knowledge of Congress and the government ..!!!

Qatar is authorized between the Muslim Brotherhood and America ..!!!
 —
I walked to Mustafa Abdul Jalil, Qllh how Ataht Salem Elhasy
Head of intelligence??
Wenta Jalil: – “Salem unqualified authors and footmen Hafez Quran!!”
Salem Elhasy Elly has American nationality Ahtath Qatar Prime
Intelligence …
 
Conference Darrow’s decision to answer Elly property and funds and real estate in Libya
10% give him abroad, and now follow the Brotherhood lipo Giebo two real estate
The money Ahan Eachdhu 10% of the money and the homes and property of the people
Libyan.
Palaces and villas became Aabieo Conference Men’s palaces in Africa
By less, and just chiselled and elements of the intelligence shortcomings in Aabieo
Abroad, where Giebo Conference Ahan Eachdhu 10% of value
Finance Amtalln. The two intelligence information they have already but Giebo
Two in real estate in Eachdhu 10% on each property.

Akhawan their name and they are aptly named –

Aaaaaaaajl

From inside the Electoral Commission for the Commission session ..
More than 385 000 fraud case national number.

(The news agency Libya)

Brigade 32 booster for the defense of Libya ·(FB GROUP):Aaaaaajl now …
News of the resignation of Nuri Bushmin inventory of Presidency Conference Alaotunai Jardani …
  • عاااااجل الان…

    أنباء عن استقالة الجرد نوري بوسهمين من رئاسة المؤتمر الاوطني الجردانى …

NURI BUSHMIN FOUND WITH 2 Prostitutes AGAIN!

Nuri Abu Shemen Bushmin denies the news of the kidnapping…
Agency urgently Libya / conflicting news about the kidnapping and detention Abusshmin.

International channel Libya Libya International Channel
Sources close to the President of the National Congress of General Nuri Abusshmin denies the rumors on some social
networking pages for breaking into the residence of Congress President.
Salem al-Obeidi informs us:
Security source confirmed the beginning, that the news of the arrest of the head
NCP General, Mr. “Nuri Busmhen”, true
After receipt of a communication from him  (about his whereabouts in Dahmani Angle,
Tripoli), by hand, security, and was informed by Mr. “Haitham
Tagouris ” to whom he (Bushmin) handed over to secure the presidential palaces in the city of Tripoli
 without giving details of the reason for his arrest.
There were conflicting reports about the kidnapping of the President of the National Congress, “Nuri Abusshmin” and his arrest ... It has, according to sources familiar with the process of kidnapping has already for two hours after storming his house, and then after the intervention of several parties have been released and go to his office to deny the kidnapping of its basis.

Office of Media General National Congress – Libya

Tripoli – Correspondent
The release of the leading “Osama Sharaf al-Din,” after the reservation
And it is from him, to accompany them during the National Congress leader
Mr. General “Nuri Bushmin”, just hours before now.
And mentions that “the honor of religion,” the first official presidential security
Since the NTC so far, and has been in custody and
From him, during the process of shutting National Congress leader General
Night of the committee yesterday arrested angle Dahmani, and was evacuated
Released after two hours in custody and a half hours, according to
Permit security source told the news.


Media General National Congress confirms there was no truth to the story rolling on some pages of social networking, for the abduction of the President of the National Congress, Mr. “Nuri Bushmin” This news is unfounded altogether.

Mohammed Ghiryani correspondent channel now
Aloutina force is to resolve the dispute
Nouri Abu Shemen (alias BUSHMIN) arrest in the case of literature which is currently at Haitham Tagouris and documented VIDEO:

After the conflicts that happened in the news since a few calls and wireless communications have been thrust by Aladinm p b 2 to the spot of the news is certain.
A security source confirmed to me from Tripoli that since few have been housebreaking Nuri Bushmin National Congress leader in the area of ​​Ben Ashour by battalion Bashir Saadawi was arrested upon and there is no more information about the news.
(E … # Qusay cabled)
Housebreaking was President of the Conference by patrols specifically logical Marina near the hall contentment and arrested by a group specifically working with Haitham Tagouris for reasons concerning the people of the region and several complaints of lewd conduct going on…

Shortly thereafter, Nuri Bushmin was released and go to his office by the order to be denied the news of the arrest and release.
This happened to inconsistencies in the news.
Anyone who questions the speech he could go to a place 4 Streets hall contentment and ensure himself.
We deplore once again the confusion that took place in this page today.
(Operations room Mermaid)


Nuri Abusshmin out now on channel audio connection news.

Janney news at night and Shane … Two girls on … Maahen Saher Bushmin news Janney Tirly sleep … The Gap Ahmum … Masire in the Fashloum night conscientiously Hayer shocked … Ankhmm Zain … Wayne claimed Nouri Hilna.

(Comment Naim cabled)

خبر جانى فى الليل وشين … على بنتين … معاهن ساهر بوسهمين خبر جانى طيرلى النوم … وجاب اهموم … على ماساير فى فشلوم الليل واعى حاير مصدوم … انخمم زيــن … زعـــم نــورى شايلنا وين

تعليق نعيم الزوى

Agency urgently Libya / National Congress: the extension versus budget Tripoli
According to preliminary information from the inside of the General National Congress, a number of members of Congress procrastinating and refuses to discuss the draft budget for 2014, which had already been provided by the Government for the period since the adoption.
They attributed the reason to stall the initial information that the members of Congress want to pass the extension of the term of the First National Congress. National.

Center of the country (downtown)
Ministry of Water Resources issued a statement on the violations of unfair water sources and mechanisms

and the negative effects of what he is doing a number of mob from lock to water sources to the

infringement of pipes and valves under the pretext of the tanker deliver water to their farms unlawfully.

News about the intention of the triumph of Aqeeli candidacy for prime minister instead of Zaidane ..

Knowing that the first woman in the Arab world apply for this position.

A message from my inbox ::::::::
Exposure Heroine Naji Aqeeli one rebel region have built one volunteers have built a base in the air and bolt in the ring Algs Mrchi passport and customs at the airport subjected to the assassination of the pyramid in front of a clinic shortly before masked by the type of car Hyundai Intra opaque black glass
Now, Naji fine and praise be to Allah.
(Mutassim Faitouri)

—-

BRITS CRYING AGAIN FOR WANT of NATO INTERFERENCE IN LIBYA!!

Security Council / Libya branch / agency “combating crimes” ::::
URGENT / / British authorities on the words of Foreign Minister
× – the kidnapping of Zaidane was a desperate attempt to kill him and his execution, even if our intervention he would have been executed, and the involvement of Navdan Hedda it will not pass unnoticed.   (LIE, the whole affair was a theatrical ACT.)
× – we are unsure of the failure of the process of transition to civilian life Aldoualh and fear announcement failure of the political process in Libya.
× – Group International impatient and fear force the wait time Aktar of this.
× – emergency meeting, we will announce it the next few days to review the Profile of Libya.
× – can almost be sure the failure of the political process in Libya without international intervention and for this matter other accounts at the Criminal specifically.(UGH!! NATO SLAUGHTER AGAIN! enough that the YANKS are killing covertly and with DRONES!)
× – we have physical evidence of the involvement of Navdan in power and decision-making centers on the intent to commit a number of crimes and political Aotaialat and this will not be allowed.
× – Communication Navdan confirm the involvement in the conference.
× – UK started practical steps to resolve the alternative in Libya and we fear we will not be able to wait Aktar.
× – everyone will know the results of their work at our next emergency in the Security Council.
The British Foreign Office quoted Haddat directly to the Minister of Foreign full dialogue about the file in front of the Libyan Foreign Relations Committee, the British.
Channel Alzeramqh on Facebook:
Back electricity to most of the area Alzeramqh after a full day of interruptions!

_____________________

TRIPOLI:

GREEN SQUARE:

chanting: –
And Linh and Linh and Linh,,, Elly said we scrap
Onmoto martyrs, and we do not laugh
Mo oh members Dbashkm, Tripoli ĘČí Atrtchkm

—-

Khalifa Haftar as defense minister by anyone banners!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

U.S. spy plane flying since the early morning of Friday sky in the occupied city of Tripoli, at an altitude of nearly 12,000 feet.

CORNER:
(Yesterday)
Angle Aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaajl
Quoting from the pages corner ::::
Burn Photos of 17 FEBRUARY Martyrs of Corner, at the Front corner Green Square
Time is precisely at the same time set up the Friday prayers (6 photos)

______________

GREEN NAFUSA WESTERN MOUNTAINS:

AJEELAT:

City department in Ajeelat:
Expeditionary force intervention by the city department in Ajeelat # few ..

Department in Ajeelat:

Forces from the army or rapid intervention would secure all colleges in the city # department in Ajeelat starting next week ..

(Students Union of Faculty of Economics department in Ajeelat).

RISHVANA:

Hadi image in the region of the globe
الصورة هادي في منطقة المعمورة

Green Flag fying over Rishvana Globe tower

Photos and news from Rishvana:
Humming suspicious plane shortly before heard in the world and Zahra and mil

MIZDAH:

Map of Mizdah, Gharyan and Yafran

Mizdah hall
Contract sages and elders Awlad Abu Seif and the Elders and elders of the epiphyseal meeting yesterday region Vsano discussed during which many of the topics that aims to mend fences in the area Mizdah in order to preserve national unity and promote national reconciliation. Welcomed the Elders and elders of the epiphyseal initiative of the Elders of Awlad Abu Seif, which aims to calm things down in the region and activating the role of the police to establish security and stability in the region. cConfirmed as to activate the project of national dialogue and participation within the activities of the wise men, elders and civil society organizations in the western mountain region to ensure the unity of Libya.

Road between Misdah and Gharyan

Mizdah

Mizdah est une ville de Libye située en Tripolitaine qui comptait 28 939 habitants en 2007. Elle se trouve à 160 km au sud de Tripoli sur la route qui relie la Tripolitaine méridionale au désert du Fezzan.

IFRANE :

Yefren (Arabic: يفرن Ifrin), also transcribed Jefren, Yafran, Yafren, Yifran, Yifrin or Ifrane) is a city in northwestern Libya situated in the mountains of Nefoussa and belonging to the district Jabal Al Gharbi al about 120 km southwest of the capital Tripoli.

Before the reorganization of districts in 2007, the city was the administrative capital of the district of Yafran.

The city is populated by the Amazigh tribe of Banu Ifren.

JUFRA

picture of the al-Jufrah airbase:

picture of the al-Jufrah airbase
TURKS SUPPLYING TERRORISTS AGAIN, now directly to JUFRAH:

– Qusay cabled:
Quoting a security source told me about where the movement of Air strange and intense at the airport Jufrah ….. Landing and take-off of military aircraft, according to preliminary information it coming from Turkey, and the strange thing is that the armed militias of Dan is to supervise the process of receiving aircraft and unloading of cargo, including this tower will me by saying, and I still follow the news with him and Saovicm all new.

  1. ****Al Jufra Airport
    Al Jufrah District, Libya  and this is the airport probably referred to in the transport of Heavy Weapons from TURKEY

 Name:  Al Jufra Airport  ICAOHL69  IATA Type: Small Airport  CoordinatesLat: 29.1980991364 (29°11’53″N)
Lng: 16.0009994507 (16°0’3″E)  Elevation846.00ft  

Codes: HL69
Location: lon 29.198099, lat 16.000999, elev 846 ft / 258 m msl
Status: small_airport

Runways

14/32: 13,729 x 197 ft (4,185 x 60 m) — paved — not lighted — threshold 14 displaced 650 ft (198 m) — threshold 32 displaced 650 ft (198 m)

SURMAN:

3 bodies found Mzbojh back to studying at the request of the mountain on the

road to Bir Ayad (Ajafarh, Surman) someone Srmani # 2 and # popularity of Sabratha.
God used.

SABRATHA:

Unmanned aircraft flying over the atmosphere of the city of Sabratha:

MY QUESTION IS; WHERE IS THE ESTRANGED WIFE OF THE BRIT “who was cheating on his wife” ??

New Zealand Foreign Affairs advises its citizens not to travel at all to Libya
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of New Zealand, Saturday, that “New Zealand which her body was found in Libya, along with a Briton was on a visit to this country when she was killed,” pointing out that “the investigation will be handled by the Libyan authorities.”

She explained the New Zealand Foreign Affairs, in a statement, that “the exact circumstances of their passing is not yet clear and will be the subject of an investigation by the Libyan authorities,” pointing out that “the family of New Zealand asked for privacy and not to publish any further details.”

New Zealand Foreign Affairs and indicated that it “classified most of Libya as a grave danger zone due to the significant threat of terrorism, kidnapping and are advised not to travel at all to this country.”

The murdered woman living in New Zealand and in a visit to Libya.

Libyan forces found the bodies of the British and New Zealand at the beach Mellitah near the city of Sabratha Libya Thursday after injuries gunshot wounds.

Sabratha Local Council statement concerning the murder of his wife, New Zealand

and the British area Mellitah Sabratha day yesterday, 01/02/2014

Libya .. Found the bodies of two foreigners in Sabratha

(BUT NOT SABRATHA; new information says MIZDAH near the the Zuwarah Mellia Oil and Gas plant !)

Ayman Alzletunai to Kill British couple arrested by the Libyans to Amoto in sixty shrewd shame.

Details of the killing of British and New Zealand in Libya ..
TRIPOLI (Reuters) – A Libyan security official said on Friday that Britain and New Zealand were working in the maintenance company in the oil field were killed execution style firing shots at their heads during Tenshama Alyhati secluded in western Libya ..
Security sources said the bodies were found Thursday in an area Mellita, about a hundred miles to the west of Tripoli, near a large complex of oil and gas owned by the Italian company Eni and residential complex ..
The deteriorating security situation in Libya in the past few months as the government struggled to contain the militias and tribesmen and kept their weapons after the war in 2011 ..
Not working now in Libya outside the oil sector, but few foreign companies and companies that rely primarily on local staff .. It quoted other employees of foreign companies to the walled compounds and restricted their movements, especially at night.
The security official said the first details of the incident that the British, “48-year-old” and New Zealand, “the 46-year” were found lying on their faces at the beach and in bullet wounds to their heads ..
The official, who asked not to be named, said the incident is not the purpose of theft apparently because there is no trace of any attempt to open their car Toyota which was parked nearby did not untouched one that came
He found the shots, adding that the British and New Zealand were on a picnic on what appears on the beach ..

http://arabic.rt.com/news/639500/ :روسيا اليوم

03.1.2014 | ten thirty-seven News Arab world

Libya ..  Found the bodies of two foreigners in Sabratha and arrest American citizens in Benghazi

According to the Libyan news agency finding on 02 January 2014,  the bodies dated back to a British citizen

and a citizen of New Zealand seaside area Mellita Sabratha west of the city, and they raised the lead.

There was no statement or official permission from the Libyan authorities to this incident,

while the British Foreign Office officially confirmed the death of a British citizen in Libya.

For its part, confirmed a spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of New Zealand

said the ministry had received information indicating that a New Zealand citizen may have killed in Libya.

“We are working with the relevant authorities to confirm this.”

Mystery surrounds the process of arrest alleged Tunisian terrorist Abu Ayaz Monday, December 30th …..
Reported the Tunisian state news agency reported the arrest of Abu Ayaz (whose real name is Saif Abdullah bin Hussein) in Misrata at the hands of U.S. forces and the Libyan.
But U.S. officials were quick to deny any involvement in the process.
She wrote the U.S. embassy in the Tunisian capital on its front page on Facebook “Contrary to media reports, U.S. forces were not involved in any operation involving the leader of Ansar al-Sharia Abu Ayaz today in Libya. Nahilkm on the Libyan authorities to further questions.”
Amid conflicting reports, said a lawyer for the terrorist leader Tunisian Tunisie Nimrak site had already been arrested Abu Ayaz in Misrata, east of the Libyan capital.
Rafik gak told that the file location Abu Ayaz formally put in the hands of the judicial authorities. He added that the arrest was based on three international arrest warrants as well as three memoranda issued by the Tunisian authorities.
The officials denied the Misrata (because it was SABRATHA) and Ansar al-Sharia arrest Salafist leader Monday.
The accused Ansar al-Sharia in Tunisia links to the assassination of soldiers in Mount Alhaanbe, and the assassination of political opponents Chokri Belaid, Mohamed Brahmi, as well as attacks on U.S. diplomatic sites.
In the meantime, welcomed the Libyans interviewed by Magharebia the news and saw this as a potential win-win situation for the security forces emerging in the country.
Ahmed Warfali 33 years, an officer in the intelligence, “I am very happy for this news and wish to purge Libya of all the terrorists who messed with the country’s murder and the bombing.”
Mohammed bin Saleh, an employee in the public service company 39 years, says, “If the blood on their hands, they deserve punishment.”
For his part, said Issa Mohammed customary 65 years, “Given what ails the city of Benghazi from the damage of Ansar al-Sharia, the people of the city do not sympathize with this group.”
And adds customary “Most of these groups, such as Ansar al-Sharia and the other is the product of the thought of the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood, as they are ‘deceptively are demonstrating that they are not terrorists and do not believe in violence,’ but they secretly support and blessing of these groups, and the Libyan people for the most part, especially the population of Benghazi oppose these groups and condemn their terrorist acts.”
Nizar Yusuf Feki, dealer at the age of 32 years “of Benghazi suffered from assassinations, bombings, kidnappings and killings of Ansar al-Sharia and since I am a Sunni Muslim on the doctrine of Imam Malik does not acknowledged the work of this group who are ‘outside the law and Islam, Islam is innocent of them.’ “
“I bless the process of the arrest of Tunisian leader of ‘Ansar al-Sharia,’ and I hope that is similar operations in other Libyan cities such as Sabratha and Sirte and Benghazi and Derna and provide the leaders of this group to the trials of a global world know what you are doing these groups of terrorism and a threat to world peace and security Islam is innocent of their actions. ” (YES!)
The princess Mansour Ferjany teacher in elementary school Mujahideen in Benghazi, says “terrorists and extremists Almtstron are not really behind Islam. They are Salafi KJARITES who enjoy killing, torture. This is not the morality of the Holy Prophet not characteristic of our religion. Islamic religion, which the religion of love and compassion and tolerance.”
She adds, “repeated assassinations and bombings in Benghazi after the conflict between the Libyan army and between ‘Ansar al-Sharia.’ “
She says the school “What scares me now is that there will be a backlash of bombings and assassinations, a new center of needy citizens” ♦ ♦
(The Maghreb)
Abdullah bin Hussein Guest Abuaaad commander, alias Ansar al-Sharia
They (the Brotherhood and their military wings) do NOT follow the words of the prophet or any of the prophets, as do true Muslims (who revere and honor all the prophets and Jesus)…Instead, they pick and choose sentences (scripture) out of context from within the Holy Quran; and totally distort the Prophet’s meaning (PBUH). These cannot be classified in any way as Muslim (or the faith of ISLAM). They ware lovers of hate, slaughter, blood and death in which they revell. They are really KHARJITES; and their origins stem from Afghanistan (SALAFI), The British Empire (WAHABI) and from SATAN. They are distorters of the truth.

Security Council / Libya branch / agency combating crimes :::

Urgent: Britain requests the meeting of the General Assembly and the Security Council
View to discuss the implications of the new Libyan

After denials, President of the Conference of the process of his arrest, Britain confirms arrest 4 hours and requests a meeting UN Security Council meets British request promptly the next two weeks is expected to constitute a new face in the history of Libya.

Sttkhaddm and things in Libya last grants.

The New York Times

On the British man and New Zealand woman found slain in Sabratha a few days ago:

International newspapers covered his wife this morning, an American writer wrote in the daily Zwighth:

Bartanih announce the opening of an investigation into the killing of one of its citizens in Sabratha west of the capital and external signals that the citizen Alangzay who killed the company of his wife on the shores of Sabratha working at the School of Foreign Tripoli and had gone to the resort Tallil vacation week routine, as signals sources of foreign English that the victim they have not been exposed to steal any of their personal needs and that they were killed for the murder and not an armed robbery is, according to these sources.

“I’ve cheated in Libya. We believed that people were looking for freedom; but instead, we discovered that

they were (Kjarites) looking for killing and bloodshed ..”

(Depression Forum)

Achievements of the revolution treachery
British “Marc de Salles,” which was shot and killed at the hands of unidentified companions New Zealand woman in Sabratha near Mellita.
He lived in Libya for nearly six years and had worked as director of the energy in the first engineering company that provides electric generators.

 

_____________________

dirty MISURATA:

Misrata, مصراتة, parfois orthographié Misurata ou Misrâtah, est une ville de Libye, située à 200 km à l’est de Tripoli, la capitale. Elle est également chef-lieu du district homonyme. Sa population était d’environ 400 000 habitants en 2005. Il s’agit de la troisième ville de Libye par sa population et la capitale des affaires du pays. Son port, situé à Qasr Ahmad, dispose d’importantes industries de sidérurgie.

La communauté tcherkesse compte 10 000 membres.

_____________________________

BANI WALID:

Jmatkm blessing of Bani Walid:

note that Waddan Airport is in Al Jufrah District, Libya

WADDAN (SUBURB OF BANI WALID):
WADDAN, suburb of BANI WALID

Waddan (arabe : ودان) est une ville de Libye située dans une oasis du Sahara, dans le district d’Al Djoufrah, au nord-est de la région de Fezzan. La ville est située à 280km au sud de Syrte et à 20km au nord-est de Houn.

Pendant la révolte libyenne de 2011, Waddan est parmi les dernières villes à résister à l’avancée des combattants anti-Kadhafi. la ville serait néanmoins entre les mains des forces révolutionnaires le 21 septembre 2011.

BANI WALID:

The God and to Him we return

Gruesome accident at the northern entrance to the city of Bani Walid and initial reports that the accident caused the death of five people, including a woman, and the source of the page and Rafla Great that all the deceased from the city of Bani Walid, including
Ahmed Idriss Shetty
Ibrahim Shetty
Mohammad Hadi drowsiness
Solomon Cibgo

We ask Allah to accept them forgiveness and mercy:

The special page Rafla Come and Rafla:

Picture of the gruesome accident at the northern entrance to the city of Bani Walid this morning:

_______________________________

CYRENAICA:

warned Mohammed Soualem, Libyan Minister of Labour, that the continuation of the crisis Close fields and oil ports will lead to stop the salaries of large segments of society such as the elderly and job seekers. The Soualem, at a press conference on Thursday evening in Tripoli, to halt oil production will have a negative impact on the Libyan economy and delayed the return of foreign companies to Libya and lower growth rates, as well as the disabled employment policies and training adopted by the ministry, calling on Libyans to work together to out of this crisis as soon as possible.
The defense ministry said the Libyan yesterday that the protesters who blocked the field spark oil since October (October) the past, have agreed to suspend their strike and withdraw from the site to allow the resumption of production, while adding a ministry spokesman that «the government agreed to consider their demands».

Agency urgently Libya / out of the tuber to Benghazi .. They found only his head in CASABLANCA (city of white)!

Found by the people of CASABLANCA (the white city) shortly before the “head” of military special forces, “Mohammed Hawari T”, one of the residents of the city of Benghazi, said witnesses who Hahdo head they did not find the body, was found with head and on paper which is written the name of the victim.

Image of the “head” of military special forces, “Mohammed Hawari T”,


The Hawari has come out a few days ago on a visit to the city of Derna, but he was kidnapped in CASABLANCA/white for several days, before Aosro parents on his head.

BENGHAZI:

Benghazi (en arabe : بنغازي, en italien Bengasi) est une shabiyat homonyme et son chef-lieu dans la Cyrénaïque en Libye. Sa population est de 631 555 habitants pour une agglomération de 1 180 000 habitants. Il s’agit donc de la deuxième ville de Libye après la capitale Tripoli.

Dès le début de la révolte libyenne de 2011, Benghazi est le siège du Conseil national de transition, autorité politique de transition instituée par les insurgés libyens.

Benghazi sea view

Benghazi since few: –

RULRHH:

Benghazi is now:
heavy deployment of the battalion Ansar al-Sharia in Rulrhh.
– A large convoy of supporters of evil holds “the banner of al-Qaeda,” wandering in the streets of Benghazi ..
It has been observed that the visible presence of these militia has increased appearances in the last two days in particular.

Ansar al-Sharia logo LIBYA-ISLAM-SHARIA-POLITICS-DEMO

Demonstrators in front of the Tibesti refuse to extend the National Conference …
People come from far against the extension of the conference and is still 7-2 …

Now in front of the Tibesti Hotel •

 

HAWARI:

Abdul Hakim Baao .. One intelligence officers who were assassinated night
Albareh shot dead in Hawari near the Directorate of Security:
 FB VIDEO of the Protests:

بنغازي/ النبأ: عشرات يتظاهرون ضد إستمرار المؤتمر الوطني بعدفبراير

( م )

Exposure: Mr. Idriss Daoud Saaiti ordered the battalion Ddina formerly an assassination attempt when he returned from the region Alnoukah, going to an area Ddina, where was the attack by the two unknown and was shot indiscriminate him and mentioned that he was driving his personal and is the kind of Mercedes M white eyes. And the incident occurred between the district and area Almgazzhh Ddina when the Chinese company ……..

We have some very serious intelligence If true, the news will be a bloodbath in Benghazi during the 4 days.

Sulūq:

 Interruption of communications areas and Qmins Sellouk for more than 14 hours ..

Suluq (Arabic: سلوق‎) is a town in the Benghazi District of the Cyrenaica region in northeastern Libya.

It is located about 53 kilometers to the south-east of Benghazi.

Benghazi on the Mediterranean

arrest American citizens in Benghazi

http://arabic.rt.com/news/639500/ :روسيا اليوم

Libyan army also arrested two Americans in Benghazi in eastern Libya in a separate incident, two basketball players

and they were arrested at the University of Benghazi.

An army source said “arrested by university guards and then transported by special forces to army barracks.”

Source: RT + Agencies

Libyan Foreign: the release of the basketball players in the U.S. and Cameroonian in Benghazi 4.1.2014 | 17:01 News Arab world

Libyan Foreign: the release of the basketball players in the U.S. and Cameroonian Benghazi

Libyan Foreign Ministry confirmed that the country’s authorities released to the U.S. basketball players and the Cameroonian who arrested them earlier this week.

The ministry said in a statement issued on January 4 that citizens are foreign,

who were arrested on January 2 in Benghazi, released on January 3, noting that they are players in the team, “Crescent” local basketball.

This has been confirmed by Libyan security sources said earlier that two Americans detained in Benghazi.

Did not know the reasons for their arrest after, as the U.S. State Department has not issued any comment on the incident.

Source: AP, RT

http://arabic.rt.com/news/639575/ :روسيا اليوم

LAITHI:

A powerful explosion and reports of the blast site near the Laithi.

Image blast booth next to the smoke stationery pen Arab .


News from the explosion of a car on the road against the company, Mr. Faraj Romania …
Waiting for the confirmation and details …………

Threat to the broadcaster Channel Libya first ..!!
. Khalifa al-Obeidi
Since little and ring immediately after I received this letter:
I do not know what to say to you From God:
In the name of God the Merciful: {spent which it Tstaftian}. Almighty God behest of the ruling order of God and His laws in the east of the country “Libya” We decided retribution for your service for the benefit of the country and people is a legitimate right house in the prescribed punishment in application of the verse the name of God the Merciful: { and you in retribution life, O men of understanding Fountain of Faith}. Almighty God and to be a lesson for those who strayed, arbitration to the law of God Almighty, and shall be carried sued and necessitated retribution from you and Ozark It is like you in this world and the Hereafter and God on Matsvon.
(For / / security facilities and installations Benghazi)
———————–

SOUSSE, TOBRUK, TORKE, DERNA  & THE TUBER:

Saif Altaorga killed yesterday ….
Yesterday, while patrols roam in tuber Vmro near Kampo in the region Alstalat end of the coast Hahdo sword and Nice Miloud Altarga and Tzkro Revenge ancient resulting from the attempted attack Born Saadi Altaorga defended himself, where he got an appointment under the auspices of brothers and sisters Altaorga (Ahawaar) and ended Thread conciliation and Qublo parents yesterday only carried out the funds, including his parents and they did not Ajdo officer, not a soldier and did not even legion Ergau empty-handed, Vermo extended to 17 rounds and distorted a car over his head and he died instantly.
(AD Media tuber)

al-MARJ:

al-Marj

Al Marj ou El Merdj (en arabe: المرج) est une ville du nord-est de la Libye, capitale administrative du district d’Al Marj.

La plus grande partie de la ville a été détruite par un tremblement de terre de 5,6 le 21 février 1963, qui a tué quelque 300 personnes et blessé 500 autres. La ville a été reconstruite à 5 km du site d’origine, les travaux s’achevant vers 1970.

DERNA:

# News reporter now:

The kidnapping of a retired army officer continued to supply military “last night” in the city of Derna #

Agency Valley dinars newsletter. Valley Agency Dinar News:

Phone company Libya Telecom conducted maintenance work for the system of fiber optic in the Eastern Province and managed company e-mail and telecommunications re-Internet services and telephony to the region extending from the tuber even Amsaad eastward after maintenance cable qualitative nutrition communications which was damaged due to maintenance work performed on the Corniche Road city of Derna.

Iedkr that all types of telecommunications services were cut off for three days for the area in question because of the interruption of cable qualitative and then gradually returned Communications.

(The news agency of the mountain)

TUBER:

Almruki Shiha Bank and Amalomat:

News of the death of young man shot in the tuber from each district Almruki Shiha Bank,

and Amalomat so far about how and why he was killed.

(AD Media tuber)

TUBER:
Quoting / media center tuber

Tuber day deadline given by Ayman cost “Khan” for each of the al-Kilani, adultery and all government and all out of the headquarters of the Green Mountain tuber who intends to transfer him from his battalion camp largest single radar.
The families of the three said that the earth has thus written on the outer wall of the king is sacred to the families of the three, but the right cost, “Khan” decided to convey his forces headquarters until dominates the entrance tuber western and inspect there as the site more safe and protected residential buildings civilian populated of all authorities and has many office buildings and headquarters and warehouses that can be exploited in storage booty and cars that will take over from Alostaagaf in front of the headquarters company of the mountain (previously).
The response of the families of the three decisive where they said to him and all the power will not Nesma men after today Tzqlna our mothers and if you put your foot in the company and found one of us and in us at the earliest after the isthmus of the site … (I mean do you think lipo Fraser Woodrow Vdo place and distorted and zebu him).

For information only many of the sons of Al-Kilani and all follow adultery already Alqovernm Sufyan Khan, spiritual leader of the right cost.

نقلا عنـــــ / المركز الاعلامي درنةدرنـــة اليوم تنتهي المهله ألتي أعطاها أيمن كلفة “خان” لكل من آل الكيلاني وآل الزني وآل حكومة للخروج من مقر شركة الجبل الأخضر درنـة ألذي ينوي نقل كتيبته أليه من معسكر الرادار كرسة .
وكانت العائلات الثلاثة قالت أن الأرض لها وبالتالي كتبت على السور الخارجي ملك مقدس للعائلات الثلاثة ,ولكن أيمن كلفة “خان” قرر أن ينقل قواته للمقر حتى يسيطر على مدخل درنة الغربي ويقوم بالتفتيش هناك كما أن الموقع أكثر أمان وتحميه عمارات سكنية مدنية أهله بالسكان من جميع الجهات وبه العديد من المباني المكتبية والمقرات والمخازن ألتي يمكن أن يستغلها في تخزين الغنائم والسيارت ألتي سوف يستولي عليها من الأستيقاف من أمام مقر شركة الجبل (سابقاً) .
وكان رد العائلات الثلاثة حاسماً حيث قالو له وبكل قوة لن نسما رجال بعد اليوم ولتثكلنا أمهاتنا لو وضعت رجلك في الشركة ووجدت واحدنا فينا على بعد أقرب من برزخ من الموقع … (يعني أيش برأيكم يبو يدرو فضو المكان ومشو وسيبوه له) .
______________________________________________________________

SOUTH LIBYA:

FEZZAN:

SABHA:

MANSHEYA:

Atef Shelmani:

Clashes at the present time to the city of Sabha gun
Medium and heavy b Mansheya area between Qubltin.

in the city of Sabha Alqmazfah between the tribe and the children of Solomon clashes

with various types of weapons and the closure of some roads response to the killing of Ali Osman Okhchibh ..

GALLOIS:

GREAT IDEA!!!
Gallo whole people on the idea of ​​digging a circular trench around the city one hundred kilometers in diameter and a depth of three meters with identifying four ports for entry and exit from the city. A reporter Agency (and) Bjalo quoting (the fierceness) a supervisors to implement this idea, that the purpose of digging the trench is to prevent smuggling and infiltration of illegal immigrants, and the reduction of theft and armed robbery, and prevent criminals from escaping into the desert.!! !

MURZUQ:

Murzuq (en arabe : مرزق) est une oasis et une ville située au sud-ouest de la Libye. Cet important nœud de communications est le chef-lieu du district de Mourzouq et la deuxième agglomération en importance de la région du Fezzan (après Sebha).
Ottoman Era fortress at Murzuq
MURZUQ 1

USA:

__________________________

same offices of Colonel Qathafi that were damaged in the NATO strike,

but shown during the day.

offices of Colonel Qathafi that were damaged in the NATO strike on 25 APRIL 2011

Credit: Joseph Eid/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

offices of Colonel Qathafi that were damaged in the NATO strike on 25 APRIL 2011

HISTORY:

http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va…

www.globalresearch.ca

TRIPOLI, Global Research – 10 August 2011 –

BREAKING NEWS: NATO Massacres of Civilians Aimed at “Cleansing” the Libyan People’s Resistance

Photographic Evidence of NATO War Crimes

BREAKING NEWS: NATO Massacres of Civilians Aimed at "Cleansing" the Libyan People's Resistance

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) conducted intensive attacks on Libyan civilians

in the night of 08 August 2011, and in the early hours of 09 August 2011 from approximately 2:00 a.m. to 4:00 a.m. EET.

Civilians in Tripoli and many other cities in Libya were bombed indiscriminately by NATO.

A large number of casualties occurred in the city of Zliten, in the district of Misurata. In Zliten, 85 people were killed including 33 children, 32 women, and 20 men as a result of NATO’s deliberate targeting of residential areas and civilian infrastructure. Many of the injured civilian victims are in critical condition and near death.

Zliten has been under constant NATO bombardment for several days. The recent NATO attacks started at about 11:30 p.m. EET on August 8, 2011. At least 7 civilian homes belonging to local farmers were destroyed, killing entire families. In all 20 families were the targets of the NATO bombings.

The images below pertain to destroyed farm houses in Majer, near Zliten. Copyright, Matthew Ozanon 2011

Destroyed farm house in Majer, near Zliten. Copyright of all photos above. Matthew Ozanon 2011

Colonel Roland Lavoie, NATO’s official military spokesperson for Operation Unified Protector, confirmed that NATO bombed Zliten at 11:45 p.m. on August 8, 2011 and 2:34 a.m. on August 9, 2011.

In a second round of bombing, NATO targeted the same homes once more when local residents had arrived to the rescue of those who had been bombed.

Dismembered bodies were recovered from the rubble throughout the day. According to a Libyan eyewitness, a pregnant woman was killed with her dead unborn child exposed out of her torn body.

Media Disinformation

The only members of the international press that reported the damage of the bombings in detail were Russia Today (RT), teleSUR, Chinese Central Television (CCTV), and independent journalists.

CNN was present taking footage, but essentially released nothing and distorted the facts.(See photos below)


Dead civilians in Zliten Hospital. CNN cameraman in background. Copyright, Matthew Ozanon 2011


Dead civilians in Zliten Hospital.  CNN camerman filming. Copyright, Matthew Ozanon 2011

Many of the journalists from NATO countries also held meetings on how to disseminate the news.

NATO claims categorically that the areas bombed were “legitimate” military targets and that there is no evidence of civilian casualties.

Colonel Lavoie stated that NATO had solid intelligence which confirmed that the farm houses were “military bases.” This statement is false and in total contradiction with realities on the ground including photographic and film evidence (see the photographs below).

Areas in Zliten and Majer (Mager) were bombed by NATO for strategic reasons. The bombing of civilian areas is tied to the planning of NATO’s offensive against Tripoli.

The Libyan clans in these areas have made it clear that they would fight the Transitional Council should its forces try to move westward against Tripoli from their position in Misurata. NATO deliberately bombed these areas “to clear the way” towards Tripoli.

Thousands of people also came to the funerals of the victims of the NATO attacks.

Jamahiraya Satellite Channel was also bombed by NATO. This was part of NATO’s efforts to contain information from coming out of Libya regarding the realities of the war.

NATO is running out of steam and the Transitional Council is near collapse.

NATO’s killing of civilians is intended to force the Libyan population into surrendering. The “Responsibility to Protect” is an utter shame. A few days earlier NATO left another boatload of migrants and refugees die in the Mediterranean Sea.

Human Rights Watch (HRW) has sent a team to Tripoli from its head office in New York, which has pushed for a settlement between the Benghazi-based Transitional Council and the Libyan government. Although independent, HRW is known to liaise with the U.S. State Department.

A concrete factory and a Libyan cultural centre in Al-Khams were also bombed by NATO which has also announced that it will attack civilian sites.

Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya reporting from Tripoli is a Research Associate of the Centre for Research on Globalization (CRG).

..

(from 16 DECEMBER 2011)

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2011/12/16/world/africa/nato-airstrikes-in-libya.html#page/warehouses

Errant NATO Airstrikes in Libya: 13 Cases

An on-the-ground examination by The New York Times of sites across Libya that were the targets of NATO airstrikes found evidence that the air campaign was not as flawless as NATO has described. The Times found credible accounts of hundreds of civilians killed in several distinct attacks, of an attack on rebels and an ambulance that NATO explicitly denied, and of structures that seem to have been hit by mistake.

that NATO explicitly denied, and of structures that seem to have been hit by mistake. Related Article »

1Surman
2
3
4Mizdah
5Tripoli
6
7Zlitan
8
9Majer
10Misurata
11Surt
12
13Brega

SURMAN

Warehouse, holding
canned tomatoes,
attacked by NATO

SURMAN

Post office and
adjacent building
destroyed in
attack

SURMAN

Residential
compound
destroyed

MIZDAH

Ammunition
depot
bombed

Hospital and residential
area hit by rockets
from the depot

3 miles

TRIPOLI

Family home
destroyed
in bombing

TRIPOLI

Residential area

Missile
bunker
attacked

1,000 feet

ZLITAN

Food
warehouses
destroyed

ZLITAN

Family home
destroyed

Buildings used by
Qaddafi forces

MAJER

Residential
compounds
bombed

MISURATA

Attack on rebel
position at a salt-
packaging plant

Initial NATO attack
on pro-Qaddafi
fighters

7 miles

1.5 miles

Mediterranean Sea

SURT

Apartment
building
attacked

SIRTE

General’s
home attacked

BREGA

Some of the tanks and
buses destroyed

Part of the rebel
convoy attacked

19 miles

Mizdah

LIBYA

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Related Multimedia
The Civilian Toll in Libya

NATO airstrikes killed hundreds of civilians at sites in Libya examined by The New York Times, but NATO has largely refused to acknowledge or investigate the casualties.

NATO Airstrikes in Libya

New York Times reporter C.J. Chivers reports from Libya on the collateral damage and casualties

caused by NATO airstrikes during its seven month campaign.

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Just 5 DAYS PRIOR TO THE BOMBING of SAIF al-ARAB’s home, the family deaths and the “close-encounter”…this was published:

25 APRIL 2011:
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/26/world/africa/26libya.html?_r=0

Mu, spiritual leader for the whole world

NATO Strikes Qathafi Compound

A photo taken during a guided government tour, showed NATO destruction to a world protected historical building, being used as a school for Children with Down Syndrome, inTripoli, Libya, early Monday.

By DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK
Published: 25 April 2011

TRIPOLI, Libya — NATO warplanes struck Col. Muammar el-Qathafi’s compound here early on Monday and also bombed a state television complex in an escalation of the air campaign to aid the rebellion against the four decades of the al-Fateh Revolution.

The attack on the compound was the third since air raids began in mid-March, but the strike at the television complex was the most significant broadening yet of the NATO air campaign, suggesting that nonmilitary targets would be hit in an effort to break down the instruments of Colonel Qathafi’s broader control.

A senior Libyan government official said that the strike knocked state television off the air for about a half hour.

In the port of Misurata, 130 miles east of Tripoli, the capital, rebels reported that a widely publicized government pullback had given way to renewed shelling by Colonel Qathafi’s forces from outside the city. The initial withdrawal over the weekend after a nearly two-month siege had bewildered some rebels. (QATHAFI explained it was to enable negotiations for peace with Misurata by tribal elders.)

In Tripoli, at least two large bomb blasts thundered in the city just after midnight, and journalists escorted to the compound by government officials saw firefighters hosing down the smoldering remains of an office complex where Colonel Qathafi works and meets visitors. The explosions sent cement and debris flying more than 50 yards. There were no signs of armaments, and Libyan officials said that no one was killed, although they said that as many as 45 people were slightly injured.

A government spokesman, Moussa Ibrahim, said later that three people had been killed and 45 were injured, 15 of them seriously, by the airstrikes. He did not elaborate and turned down a request to arrange for interviews with the wounded.

Mr. Ibrahim declined comment on whether Colonel Qathafi was in the compound at the time of the attack, but he said the Libyan government considered the attack “an attempt to assassinate the leader and unifying figure of this country.”

“He is well,” Mr. Ibrahim said of Colonel Qathafi. “He is healthy. He is in high spirits.” Colonel Qathafi, who has made infrequent appearances in Tripoli since the uprising began, was conducting business as usual on Monday, meeting with government officials and tribal elders, Mr. Ibrahim told reporters at the scene.

Appearing on state television, Seif al-Islam el-Qaddafi, one of the Libyan leader’s sons, asserted that the attack would not shake the Libyan people. It would scare only children, he said, according to the official news agency. At the compound, a small crowd of young Qathafi supporters gathered a few hundred yards from the site of the attack. The so-called voluntary human shields chanted and rallied before state television cameras and the visiting journalists. But elsewhere government officials appeared more anxious than usual about the stepped-up pace of the bombing attacks, accusing the NATO allies of seeking to terrorize the Libyan people.

One official, speaking on condition of anonymity moments after the attack, said in exasperation that the strikes had gone too far and would justify terrorist counterattacks by Libyan forces in the cities of NATO countries. Other officials were already worrying aloud about the safety of their families in places like Sirte, a center of support for Colonel Qathafi that has also come under attack by NATO planes.

Of the two previous attacks at or near Colonel Qathafi’s compound, the first came soon after the airstrikes began in mid-March, with an air raid mangling a building described by NATO officials as a command and control center. The second took place a few nights ago, when two NATO missiles slammed into some kind of underground concrete bunker just outside the compound’s walls.

In Misurata, pro-Qathafi officials said in recent days that their forces had pulled back to permit a group of neighboring tribes to broker a cease-fire with the rebels in the city or to continue the fight.

But rebels, speaking over Internet connections on Monday, said that neither a military pullback nor a tribal intervention had materialized.

Mohamed, a rebel spokesman whose full name was withheld to protect his family, said that his 92-year-old father and a cousin were killed, along with 32 others, in shelling Saturday night and that 8 more people had been killed on Sunday night.

“It has been a bloody two days,” he said. “There was no pullback.”

“There was defeat and then revenge,” he added, referring to the rebels’ recent success at driving some pro-Qaddafi gunmen out of certain buildings they had controlled inside Misurata.

“We thought the ‘pullback’ was actually a signal to escalate,” Mohamed said.

Italy announced its decision to participate in the air raids after an apparently threatening telephone conversation between President Obama and Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. Only then, on Monday, did Italy, after weeks of declining to participate in direct bombing raids, said for the first time that it would begin striking select military targets in Libya. Italy did not specify what kinds of targets its planes would now hit but said its decision would place it “in line with allied operations.” In recent weeks, Italy irked the United States and other NATO allies by declining to participate in raids over Libya, a former colony with which it has close economic ties.

Rachel Donadio contributed reporting from Rome.
A version of this article appeared in print on 26 April 2011, on page A10 of the New York edition with the headline: “NATO Strikes Qaddafi Compound; Italy Joins the Fight.”

.

In Strikes on Libya by NATO, an Unspoken Civilian Toll

Tyler Hicks/The New York Times

When NATO bombs hit an apartment building in Surt, Libya, on Sept. 16, Mahmoud Zarog Massoud’s wife was killed.

More Photos »

By  and 
Published: 17 December  2011 

TRIPOLI, Libya — NATO’s seven-month air campaign in Libya, hailed by the alliance and many Libyans for “blunting a lethal crackdown by Col. Muammar el-Qathafi and helping to push him from power”, came with an unrecognized toll: thousands of civilian casualties the alliance has long refused to acknowledge or investigate.

Multimedia

By NATO’s telling during the war, and in statements since sorties ended on Oct. 31, the alliance-led operation was nearly flawless — a model air war that used high technology, meticulous planning and restraint to “protect civilians from Colonel Qathafi’s troops”, (BIG LIE, the GREAT JAMHIRIYA ARMY was for defense and would harm no innocents, ever!) which was the alliance’s mandate.

“We have carried out this operation very carefully, without confirmed civilian casualties,” the secretary general of NATO, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, said in November.But an on-the-ground examination by The New York Times of airstrike sites across Libya — including interviews with survivors, doctors and witnesses, and the collection of munitions remnants, medical reports, death certificates and photographs — found credible accounts of dozens of civilians killed by NATO in many distinct attacks. The victims, including at least 29 women or children, often had been asleep in homes when the ordnance hit.In all, at least 40 civilians, and perhaps more than 70, were killed by NATO at these sites, available evidence suggests. While that total is not high compared with other conflicts in which Western powers have relied heavily on air power, and less than the exaggerated accounts circulated by the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA, it is also not a complete accounting. Survivors and doctors working for the anti-Qathafi interim authorities point to dozens more civilians wounded in these and other strikes, and they referred reporters to other sites where civilian casualties were suspected. Two weeks after being provided a 27-page memorandum from The Times containing extensive details of nine separate attacks in which evidence indicated that allied planes had killed or wounded unintended victims, NATO modified its stance.“

From what you have gathered on the ground, it appears that innocent civilians may have been killed or injured, despite all the care and precision,” said Oana Lungescu, a spokeswoman for NATO headquarters in Brussels. “We deeply regret any loss of life.” She added that NATO was in regular contact with the new Libyan government and that “we stand ready to work with the Libyan authorities to do what they feel is right.”NATO, however, deferred the responsibility of initiating any inquiry to Libya’s interim authorities, whose survival and climb to power were made possible largely by the airstrike campaign. So far, Libyan leaders have expressed no interest in examining NATO’s mistakes.The failure to thoroughly assess the civilian toll reduces the chances that allied forces, which are relying ever more heavily on air power rather than risking ground troops in overseas conflicts, will examine their Libyan experience to minimize collateral deaths elsewhere.

Allied commanders have been ordered to submit a lessons-learned report to NATO headquarters in February. NATO’s incuriosity about the many lethal accidents raises questions about how thorough that review will be.NATO’s experience in Libya also reveals an attitude that initially prevailed in Afghanistan. There, NATO forces, led by the United States, tightened the rules of engagement for airstrikes and insisted on better targeting to reduce civilian deaths only after repeatedly ignoring or disputing accounts of airstrikes that left many civilians dead.In Libya, NATO’s inattention to its unintended victims has also left many wounded civilians with little aid in the aftermath of the country’s still-chaotic change in leadership.

These victims include a boy blasted by debris in his face and right eye, a woman whose left leg was amputated, another whose foot and leg wounds left her disabled, a North Korean doctor whose left foot was crushed and his wife, who suffered a fractured skull.The Times’s investigation included visits to more than 25 sites, including in Tripoli, Surman, Mizdah, Zlitan, Ga’a, Majer, Ajdabiya, Misurata, Surt, Brega and Sabratha and near Benghazi. More than 150 targets — bunkers, buildings or vehicles — were hit at these places.NATO warplanes flew thousands of sorties that dropped 7,700 bombs or missiles; because The Times did not examine sites in several cities and towns where the air campaign was active, the casualty estimate could be low.

There are indications that the alliance took many steps to avoid harming civilians, and often did not damage civilian infrastructure useful to Colonel Qathafi’s military.

Elements of two American-led air campaigns in Iraq, in 1991 and 2003, appear to have been avoided, including attacks on electrical grids.Such steps spared civilians certain hardships and risks that accompanied previous Western air-to-ground operations. NATO also said that allied forces did not use cluster munitionsor ordnance containing depleted uranium, both of which pose health and environmental risks, in Libya at any time.The alliance’s fixed-wing aircraft dropped only laser- or satellite-guided weapons, said Col. Gregory Julian, a NATO spokesman; no so-called dumb bombs were used.While the overwhelming preponderance of strikes seemed to have hit their targets without killing noncombatants, many factors contributed to a run of fatal mistakes. These included a technically faulty bomb, poor or dated intelligence and the near absence of experienced military personnel on the ground who could help direct airstrikes.

The alliance’s apparent presumption that residences thought to harbor pro-GREAT JAMAHIRIYA  forces were not occupied by civilians repeatedly proved mistaken, the evidence suggests, posing a reminder to advocates of air power that no war is cost- or error-free.

The investigation also found significant damage to civilian infrastructure from certain attacks for which a rationale was not evident or risks to civilians were clear. These included strikes on warehouses that current anti-Qathafi guards said contained only food, or near businesses or homes that were destroyed, including an attack on a munitions bunker beside a neighborhood that caused a large secondary explosion, scattering warheads and toxic rocket fuel. NATO has also not yet provided data to Libyans on the locations or types of unexploded ordnance from its strikes. At least two large weapons were present at sites visited by The Times. “This information is urgently needed,” said Dr. Ali Yahwya, chief surgeon at the Zlitan hospital. Moreover, the scouring of one strike site found remnants of NATO munitions in a ruined building that an alliance spokesman explicitly said NATO did not attack.

That mistake — a pair of strikes — killed 12 anti-QGREAT JAMAHIRIYA fighters and nearly killed a civilian ambulance crew aiding wounded men. It underscored NATO’s sometimes tenuous grasp of battle lines and raised questions about the forthrightness and accuracy of the alliance’s public-relations campaign.

The second strike pointed to a tactic that survivors at several sites recounted: warplanes restriking targets minutes after a first attack, a practice that imperiled, and sometimes killed, civilians rushing to the wounded.Pressed about the dangers posed to noncombatants by such attacks, NATO said it would reconsider the tactic’s rationale in its internal campaign review.

“That’s a valid point to take into consideration in future operations,” Colonel Julian said.That statement is a shift in the alliance’s stance. NATO’s response to allegations of mistaken attacks had long been carefully worded denials and insistence that its operations were devised and supervised with exceptional care. Faced with credible allegations that it killed civilians, the alliance said it had neither the capacity for nor intention of investigating and often repeated that disputed strikes were sound.

The alliance maintained this position even after two independent Western organizations —Human Rights Watch and the Campaign for Innocent Victims in Conflict, or Civic — met privately with NATO officials and shared field research about mistakes, including, in some cases, victims’ names and the dates and locations where they died. Organizations researching civilian deaths in Libya said that the alliance’s resistance to making itself accountable and acknowledging mistakes amounted to poor public policy.

“It’s crystal clear that civilians died in NATO strikes,” said Fred Abrahams, a researcher for Human Rights Watch. “But this whole campaign is shrouded by an atmosphere of impunity” and by NATO’s and the Libyan authorities’ mutually congratulatory statements. Mr. Abrahams added that the matter went beyond the need to assist civilians harmed by airstrikes, though he said that was important. At issue, he said, was “who is going to lose their lives in the next campaign because these errors and mistakes went unexamined, and no one learned from them?”

Human Rights Watch and Civic also noted that the alliance’s stance on civilian casualties it caused in Libya was at odds with its practices for so-called collateral damage in Afghanistan. There, public anger and political tension over fatal mistakes led NATO to adopt policies for investigating actions that caused civilian harm, including guidelines for expressing condolences and making small payments to victims or their families.“You would think, and I did think, that all of the lessons learned from Afghanistan would have been transferred to Libya,” said Sarah Holewinski, the executive director of Civic, which helped NATO devise its practices for Afghanistan. “But many of them didn’t.”

Choosing Targets

When foreign militaries began attacking Libya’s loyalists on March 19, the United States military, more experienced than NATO at directing large operations, coordinated the campaign. On March 31, the Americans transferred command to NATO.

Seven months later, the alliance had destroyed more than 5,900 military targets by means of roughly 9,700 strike sorties, according to its data, helping to dismantle the pro-Qathafi military and militias. Warplanes from France, Britain, the United States, Italy, Norway, Denmark, Belgium and Canada dropped ordnance. Two non-NATO nations, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, participated.   France carried out about a third of all strike sorties, Britain 21 percent and the United States 19 percent, according to data from each nation.

The attacks fell under two broad categories. So-called deliberate strikes were directed against fixed targets, like buildings or air-defense systems. These targets were selected and assigned to pilots before aircraft took off.

Deliberate strikes were planned, NATO said. In Naples, Italy, intelligence analysts and targeting specialists vetted proposed targets and compiled lists, which were sent to an operations center near Bologna, where targets were matched to specific aircraft and weapons.For some targets, like command bunkers, NATO said, it conducted long periods of surveillance first. Drones or other aircraft chronicled the daily routines at the sites, known as “patterns of life,” until commanders felt confident that each target was valid.

Other considerations then came into play. Targeting specialists chose, for example, the angle of attack and time of day thought to pose the least risk to civilians. They would also consider questions of ordnance. These included the size and type of bomb, and its fuze.Some fuzes briefly delay detonation of a bomb’s high-explosive charge. This can allow ordnance to penetrate concrete and explode in an underground tunnel or bunker, or, alternately, to burrow into sand before exploding — reducing the blast wave, shrapnel and risk to people and property nearby.(NATO could also choose inert bombs, made of concrete, that can collapse buildings or shatter tanks with kinetic energy rather than an explosion. NATO said such weapons were used fewer than 10 times in the war.)

Many early strikes were planned missions. But about two-thirds of all strikes, and most of the attacks late in the war, were another sort: dynamic strikes.Dynamic strikes were against targets of opportunity. Crews on aerial patrols would spot or be told of a potential target, like suspected military vehicles. Then, if cleared by controllers in Awacs aircraft, they would attack.

NATO said dynamic missions, too, were guided by practices meant to limit risks. On 24 Oct. 2011, Lt. Gen. Charles Bouchard of Canada, the operation’s commander, described a philosophy beyond careful target vetting or using only guided weapons: restraint. “Only when we had a clear shot would we take it,” he said.

Colonel Julian, the spokesman, said there were hundreds of instances when pilots could have released ordnance but because of concerns for civilians they held fire. Col. Alain Pelletier, commander of seven Canadian CF-18 fighters that flew 946 strike sorties, said Canada installed a special computer software modification in its planes that allowed pilots to assess the likely blast radius around an intended target and to call off strikes if the technology warned they posed too great a risk to civilians.

Colonel Julian also said that NATO broadcast radio messages and that it dropped millions of leaflets to warn Libyans to stay away from likely military targets, a practice Libyan citizens across much of the country confirmed.

A Blow to the RebelsCivilians were killed by NATO within days of the alliance’s intervention, the available evidence shows, beginning with one of the uglier mistakes of the air war: the pummeling of a secret rebel armored convoy that was advancing through the desert toward the Qaddafi forces’ eastern front lines.Having survived the first wave of air-to-ground attacks, the loyalists were taking steps to avoid attracting NATO bombs. They moved in smaller formations and sometimes set aside armored vehicles in favor of pickup trucks resembling those that rebels drove. Pilots suddenly had fewer targets. On April 7, as the rebel armor lined up on a hill about 20 miles from Brega, NATO aircraft struck. In a series of attacks, laser-guided bombs stopped the formation, destroyed the rebels’ armor and scattered the anti-Qathafi fighters, killing several of them, survivors said. The attack continued as civilians, including ambulance crews, tried to converge on the craters and flames to aid the wounded. Three shepherds were among them. As the shepherds approached over the sand, a bomb slammed in again, said one of them, Abdul Rahman Ali Suleiman Sudani. The blast knocked them over, he said. His two cousins were hit.

One, he said, was cut in half; the other had a gaping chest wound. Both died. Mr. Sudani and other relatives returned to the wreckage later and retrieved the remains for burial in Kufra. The men had died, he said, trying to help.“We called their families in Sudan and told them, ‘Your sons, they have passed away,’ ” he said. Colonel Julian declined to discuss this episode but said that each time NATO aircraft returned to strike again was a distinct event and a distinct decision, and that it was not a general practice for NATO to “double tap” its targets.

This practice was reported several times by survivors at separate attacks and cited to explain why some civilians opted not to help at strike sites or bolted in fear soon after they did.

Colonel Julian said the tactic was likely to be included in NATO’s internal review of the air campaign.

An Errant Strike:

NATO’s planning or restraint did not protect the family of Ali Mukhar al-Gharari when his home was shattered in June by a phenomenon as old as air-to-ground war: errant ordnance.

A retiree in Tripoli, Mr. Gharari owned a three-story house he shared with his adult children and their families. Late on June 19 a bomb struck it squarely, collapsing the front side. The rubble buried a courtyard apartment, the family said, where Karima, Mr. Gharari’s adult daughter, lived with her husband and two children, Jomana, 2, and Khaled, 7 months.

All four were killed, as was another of Mr. Gharari’s adult children, Faruj, who was blasted from his second-floor bed to the rubble below, two of his brothers said. Eight other family members were wounded, one seriously. The GREAT JAMAHIRIYA  claimed that nine civilians died in the airstrike, including a rescue worker electrocuted while clearing rubble. These deaths have not been independently corroborated. There has been no dispute about the Gharari deaths. Initially, NATO almost acknowledged its mistake. “A military missile site was the intended target,” an alliance statement said soon after. “There may have been a weapons system failure which may have caused a number of civilian casualties.”

Then it backtracked. Kristele Younes, director of field operations for Civic, the victims’ group, examined the site and delivered her findings to NATO. She met a cold response.

“They said, ‘We have no confirmed reports of civilian casualties,’ ”

Ms. Younes said. The reason, she said, was that the alliance had created its own definition for “confirmed”: only a death that NATO itself investigated and corroborated could be called confirmed. But because the alliance declined to investigate allegations, its casualty tally by definition could not budge — from zero.“The position was absurd,” Ms. Younes said.

“But they made it very clear: there was no appetite within NATO to look at these incidents.”

The position left the Gharari family disoriented, and in social jeopardy. Another of Mr. Gharari’s sons, Mohammed, said the family supported the revolution. But since NATO’s attack, other Libyans have labeled the family pro-Qaddafi. If NATO attacked the Ghararis’ home, the street logic went, the alliance must have had a reason.Mohammed al-Gharari said he would accept an apology from NATO. He said he could even accept the mistake. “If this was an error from their control room, I will not say anything harsh, because that was our destiny,” he said.

But he asked that NATO lift the dishonor from the family and set the record straight. “NATO should tell the truth,” he said. “They should tell what happened, so everyone knows our family is innocent.”

A ‘Horrible Mistake’:

In the hours before his wife and two of their sons were killed, on Aug. 4, Mustafa Naji al-Morabit thought he had taken adequate precautions.

When Colonel al-Qathafi’s officers began meeting at a home next door in Zlitan, he moved his family. That was in July. The adjacent property, Mr. Morabit and his neighbors said, was owned by a loyalist doctor who hosted commanders who organized the local front. About a month later, as rebels pressed near, the officers fled, Mr. Morabit said. He and his family returned home on Aug. 2, assuming that the danger had passed.

Calamity struck two days later. A bomb roared down in the early morning quiet and slammed into their concrete home, causing its front to buckle.

Mr. Morabit’s wife, Eptisam Ali al-Barbar, died of a crushed skull. Two of their three sons — Mohammed, 6, and Moataz, 3 — were killed, too. Three toes on the left foot of Fatima Umar Mansour, Mr. Morabit’s mother, were severed. Her lower left leg was snapped.“We were just in our homes at night,” she said, showing the swollen leg.The destruction of their home showed that even with careful standards for target selection, mistakes occurred. Not only did NATO hit the wrong building, survivors and neighbors said, but it also hit it more than two days late.Mr. Morabit added a sorrowful detail. He suspected that the bomb was made of concrete; there seemed to be no fire or explosion when it struck, he said.

NATO may have tried to minimize damage, he added, but the would-be benefits of its caution were lost. “I want to know why,” he said. “NATO said they are so organized, that they are specialists. So why? Why this horrible mistake?”It is not clear whether the mistake was made by the pilot or those who selected the target. NATO declined to answer questions about the strike.

On Aug. 8, four days after destroying the Morabit home, NATO hit buildings occupied by civilians again, this time in Majer, according to survivors, doctors and independent investigators. The strikes were NATO’s bloodiest known accidents in the war.The attack began with a series of 500-pound laser-guided bombs, called GBU-12s, ordnance remnants suggest.

The first house, owned by Ali Hamid Gafez, 61, was crowded with Mr. Gafez’s relatives, who had been dislocated by the war, he and his neighbors said.The bomb destroyed the second floor and much of the first. Five women and seven children were killed; several more people were wounded, including Mr. Gafez’s wife, whose her lower left leg had to be amputated, the doctor who performed the procedure said. Minutes later, NATO aircraft attacked two buildings in a second compound, owned by brothers in the Jarud family. Four people were killed, the family said. Several minutes after the first strikes, as neighbors rushed to dig for victims, another bomb struck. The blast killed 18 civilians, both families said.

The death toll has been a source of confusion. The Qathafi government said 85 civilians died,  among them the late-term fetus of a fatally wounded woman the Gafez family said went into labor as she died.

The Zlitan hospital confirmed 34 deaths. Five doctors there also told of treating dozens of wounded people, including many women and children.

All 16 beds in the intensive-care unit were filled with severely wounded civilians, doctors said. Dr. Ahmad Thoboot, the hospital’s co-director, said none of the victims, alive or dead, were in uniform. “There is no doubt,” he said. “This is not fabricated. Civilians were killed.”

Descriptions of the wounds underscored the difference between mistakes with typical ground-to-ground arms and the unforgiving nature of mistakes with 500-pound bombs, which create blast waves of an entirely different order.Dr. Mustafa Ekhial, a surgeon, said the wounds caused by NATO’s bombs were far worse than those the staff had treated for months. “We have to tell the truth,” he said. “What we saw that night was completely different.”

In previous statements, NATO said it watched the homes carefully before attacking and saw “military staging areas.” It also said that it reviewed the strikes and that claims of civilian casualties were not corroborated by “available factual information.” When asked what this information was, the alliance did not provide it.Mr. Gafez issued a challenge. An independent review of all prestrike surveillance video, he said, would prove NATO wrong. Only civilians were there, he said, and he demanded that the alliance release the video.

Ms. Younes said the dispute missed an essential point. Under NATO’s targeting guidelines and in keeping with practices the alliance has repeatedly insisted that it followed, she said, if civilians were present, aircraft should not have attacked.

The initial findings on the Majer strikes, part of the United Nations’ investigation into actions by all sides in Libya that harmed civilians, have raised questions about the legality of the attack under international humanitarian law, according to an official familiar with the investigation.Homes as TargetsNATO’s strikes in Majer, one of five known attacks on apparently occupied residences, suggested a pattern.

When residential targets were presumed to be used by loyalist forces, civilians were sometimes present — suggesting holes in NATO’s “pattern of life” reviews and other forms of vetting.

Airstrikes on June 20 in Surman leveled homes owned by Maj. Gen. El-Khweldi el-Hamedi, a longtime confidant of Colonel Qaddafi and a member of his Revolutionary Council. NATO has said the family compound was used as command center. The family’s account, partly confirmed by rebels, claimed that the strikes killed 13 civilians and wounded six more. Local anti-Qaddafi fighters corroborated the deaths of four of those killed — one of the general’s daughters-in-law and three of her children. General Hamedi was wounded and has taken refuge in Morocco, said his son Khaled. Khaled has filed a lawsuit against NATO, claiming that the attack was a crime. He said that he and his family were victims of rebel “fabrications,” which attracted NATO bombs.

On Sept. 25, a smaller but similar attack destroyed the residence of Brig. Gen. Musbah Diyab in Sirte, neighbors and his family members said.

General Diyab, a distant cousin of Colonel al-Qathafi, was killed. So were seven women and children who crowded into his home as rebels besieged the defenses of some of the Qathafi loyalists’ last holdouts, witnesses said.  By this time, tables in Libya had turned. The remaining loyalists held almost no territory. It was the anti-Qathafi forces who endangered civilians they suspected of having sympathies for the dying GREAT JAMAHIRIYA residents of Sirte said. On a recent afternoon, Mahmoud Zarog Massoud, his hand swollen with an infection from a wound, wandered the broken shell of a seven-story apartment building in Sirte, which was struck in mid-September. His apartment furniture had been blown about by the blast. He approached the kitchen, where, he said, he and his wife had just broken their Ramadan fast when ordnance hit. “We were not thinking NATO would attack our home,” he said. Judging by the damage and munitions’ remains, a bomb with a delayed fuze struck another wing of the building, burrowed into another apartment and exploded, blasting walls outward. Debris flew across the courtyard and through his kitchen’s balcony door. His wife, Aisha Abdujodil, was killed, both her arms severed, he said. Bloodstains still marked the floor and walls.Provided written questions, NATO declined to comment on the three strikes on homes in Surman and Sirte.

C. J. Chivers reported from Libya, and Eric Schmitt from Washington, Brussels and Naples, Italy.
<nyt_correction_bottom>

<nyt_update_bottom>
A version of this article appeared in print on 18 December 2011, on page A1 of the New York edition with the headline: Libya’s Civilian Toll, Denied by NATO.

Europeanman
Europe

So why is General Bouchard not Charged by the ICC ? Since he says that the bombings were precise. Since Civilians were killed during the NATO attacks that would mean that Civilians werec in fact targeted . In any case NATO leaders should be charged for the killings . They were to protect them not kill them .
Dec. 19, 2011 at 5:40 a.m.
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Stephen Fletcher
Australia

According to the article here http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&amp;aid=25966
where reporters saw the aftermath of a single nights bombing of Zilten
“85 people were killed including 33 children, 32 women, and 20 men”

How is it possible for NYT to claim during the entire Libyan conflict that “perhaps more than 70” people died.
Dec. 19, 2011 at 5:40 a.m.
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THE TAUREG:

Taureg support in the Green Army
A Taureg Describes Fighting in the NATO /CIA-led Libyan War
(edited from) PETER GWIN on 31 AUGUST 2011, 8:26 AM ET
Hundreds, perhaps thousands, of ethnic Tuaregs left Mali to fight for Muammar al-Qathafi and the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA. Now, some are returning home to tell their story.Tuaregs like the above pictured, have been reported fighting for the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA in Libya / ReutersTIMBUKTU, Mali — Last month, at a guesthouse within sight of the rolling dunes of the open Sahara, I sat down to await one of Muammar Qaddafi’s Tauregs. Through an intermediary he agreed to meet and explain why the Tuareg — an ancient Saharan people who inhabit large desert swathes of Libya, Mali, Niger, and Algeria — would help the Libyan leader.
I learned about him when a Tuareg elder told me that in recent weeks more than 200 Tuareg fighters had returned from Libya to Timbuktu and the surrounding villages. He said that hundreds more had returned to other towns in eastern Mali. Local leaders were worried, he said, that these men could be the leading edge of a large wave of Tauregs returning from the fighting in Libya and that they could set a match to northern Mali’s own brittle mixture of ethnic rivalries.For decades al-Qathafi has recruited the Tuareg — long renowned for their desert-fighting prowess — to serve in his military. In the early 1980s, the Libyan leader called them to join his Islamic Legion, which he styled as the military cornerstone for his dream of building a united Muslim state in North Africa. But after ill-fated military adventures in Lebanon, Chad, and Sudan, he disbanded the legion and invited the Tuareg to join special brigades within the Libyan army. In recent decades, various Tuareg rebel groups, many of them trained in these Libyan units, have fought in neighboring Mali and Niger.After each of these conflicts was settled, al-Qathafi provided aid and shelter to the rebel leaders and many of their former combatants.
Officials from Mali and Niger reported convoys of vehicles bearing hundreds of Tuareg men streaming northeast toward Libya. Now, five months later, as these men returned from the frontlines of the Libyan civil war, most were reluctant to discuss their experiences, especially with a Westerner. Some of them lectured me on the fallacy of American foreign policy in North Africa. “Hasn’t Obama seen what happened to Iraq when Saddam was gone?” one asked. “Does America want another Afghanistan?” inveighed another. “Why is the United States interfering in the internal affairs of Libya?” railed a third.Finally, a Taureg arrived for our meeting. His long, lean build resembled that of a hardscrabble farmer more than a warrior. He wore a frayed, brown bagzan (the long, loose shirt favored by locals), battered camel-leather sandals, and a black turban covering his nose and mouth, in the traditional Tuareg style. He suggested we go up to the roof of the guesthouse to drink hot sweet tea and take advantage of the breeze blowing in from the desert.The man — I will call him Abdullah — agreed to tell his story in detail if I promised not to identify him or his family. “I am not afraid to tell the truth,” he said, but he worried Mali officials or his fellow fighters might not approve.He is a knot of inscrutable contradictions — a Tuareg who has been on both sides of rebellion. As a boy, he said he had fled Timbuktu in the early 1990s with his family when the army attacked the city, which some in the Mali government at the time claimed was teeming with rebels and their sympathizers. He saw homes demolished by tank shells, knew political leaders who were shot, and women and children who were killed. Yet, as an adult, he chose to fight for Muammar Qaddafi against the cut-throat Kharjite mercenares who were swarming into Libya.
To prove he had been in Libya he produced a document — with a passport photo attached and a stamp from the Malian consulate in Tamanrasset — identifying him as a refugee from Libya. He said that that he went to Libya in 2007 with his wife and children. They were given short-term residence papers in exchange for his enlistment in the Libyan army. He was assigned to a Tuareg brigade in the southern town of Awbari.
Two years ago, he was granted full residency status. In addition to the 1,500 dinars (about 947.04€) he was paid per month — much of which he sent back to family living in small encampments near Timbuktu — his wife and children received free medical care, and his children went to a Libyan school. “A very good school,” he said. He was promised a house and a car if he stayed in the army. “They always promised a house and a car, but very few Tuareg ever got them,” he said. “I think Qaddafi tried very hard to keep the Tuareg in Libya. I think he smelled something was coming.”
To prove he had been in Libya he produced a document — with a passport photo attached and a stamp from the Malian consulate in Tamanrasset — identifying him as a refugee from Libya. He said that that he went to Libya in 2007 with his wife and children. They were given short-term residence papers in exchange for his enlistment in the Libyan army. He was assigned to a Tuareg brigade in the southern town of Awbari.Two years ago, he was granted full residency status. In addition to the 1,500 dinars (about 947.04€) he was paid per month — much of which he sent back to family living in small encampments near Timbuktu — his wife and children received free medical care, and his children went to a Libyan school. “A very good school,” he said. He was promised a house and a car if he stayed in the army….I think al-Qathafi tried very hard to keep the Tuareg in Libya. I think he smelled something was coming.”When the protests began in Tripoli, his unit was attached to the famous “32nd Civil Brigade”, led by al-Qathafi’s son Khamis, and was sent to disperse the violence. “That was going to be easy, he thought” he said with startling nonchalance.
After Tripoli, he and his fellow Tuaregs fought in several battles east of the capital city along the coast, including at Misrata. As the fighting intensified, though many had no military training, most age eligable Taureg joined the fight against NATO. Some deserted and joined the so-called “rebels”, but most stayed with the forces loyal to the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA and al-Qathafi. At Misrata, he said he saw Ibrahim Bahanga, one of the Tuareg who led the rebellion against the Mali government from 2007 through 2009. “He was with many former rebels from Mali. They were fighting hard for Qaddafi.”Abdullah’s unit moved on to Brega and then to the outskirts of Benghazi. “We were six kilometers [about four miles] from Benghazi when the first NATO bombs hit us.” First, a missile hit a vehicle carrying an artillery piece near his position and killed eight men. “We never heard it or saw it. The men just blew up.” He and his fellow soldiers were spooked. They were well trained to fight on the ground, he said. “None of us was good at shooting down airplanes.” Men tried to hide under cars and under tree branches. When night fell, they drove without lights. When they stopped to sleep, they dug foxholes far from their vehicles.At first, the word came down that Qaddafi had ordered his forces not to shoot at the planes. “He said he would show the world that he wanted a peaceful solution. It was a strategy to make people ask their leaders ‘why are you fighting Qaddafi? He isn’t fighting you.’ But it didn’t work and then it was too late for us to fight back.”
..
I asked about Qathafi’s February speech, in which he pledged to hunt down Salafist Khjarites from house by house. He paused before answering, “To be honest, it is true. We believe what al-Qathafi told us. We believed we would go there and exterminate the trouble-makers.”
I asked if he had seen any civilians killed. In Misrata, he says, “We tried to find all the troublemakers there. One half of the city was cleaned.”
“What do you mean ‘cleaned?’…Did you kill any civilians?” I asked.
“No.” He refused to elaborate.
I asked about accusations that Qathafi’s forces had raped women. “I never saw that,” he said. But his unit found a group of women who claimed to have been raped by men from Sudan and Egypt who had been fighting with the so-called rebels (mercenaries).
A few weeks after the NATO bombing campaign began, Abdullah and four of his fellow Tuareg agreed to desert. They told the Tuareg officer in charge of their platoon they needed a rest, and he convinced the Arab commanding officer to approve a pass for the men to visit their families. “He knew we weren’t coming back,” Abdullah said of the Tuareg officer.
They took a bus to the south. Some of the men disassembled their Kalashnikovs and took them with them. Once in the southern Libyan town of Awbari, Abdullah burned his uniform and all his identity papers and, with his wife and four children, slipped out of the city to join other Tuareg refugees heading for the Algerian border. Able to bring only their clothes and a few household items, they left everything else.

I asked if he regretted his decision to go to Libya. He hesitated before answering. “The Tuareg say, ‘It is easy to climb into a well and very hard to get out.'”

I checked his story with other Tuareg in Timbuktu, who corroborated parts of it based on what they had heard from other fighters, but many details are unverifiable. An official — not a Tuareg — in the mayor’s office confirmed that some men have arrived from fighting in Libya, though he doesn’t know how many. “I don’t count them,” he said. “No one wants to talk about that.”

A few days later, in Mali’s capital Bamako, I met a Tuareg officer in the Mali army. He was rawboned with thick, leathery hands and heavy lines creasing his forehead and around his eyes. Years of desert fighting have made him look much older than his 42 years. As a young man, he said, he was lured to Libya in the 1980s by radio broadcasts of al-Qathafi calling young Tuareg to join his Green Revolution. “I admired the way he wasn’t afraid to stand up to the West, to anybody,” he said.

But after being sent to the Libya-Chad war and seeing how Libya’s Arabs used the Tuareg to do all the “difficult fighting,” he lost his ardor for fighting. He left Libya and joined the Tuareg rebels who were fighting the Mali government in the early 1990s.

I asked about the implications of returning Tauregs (such as Abdullah) coming back home to find few economic opportunities. “It is not good,” he said, listing the security threats Mali faces, including a resilient, well-financed branch of al-Qaeda, which in recent years has kidnapped dozens of foreigners, effectively wrecking the country’s tourism industry, and a fragile peace in the restive Tuareg region. “It is like dragging a dead tree on top of two small fires,” he said. “Soon we may have one big fire.”

“If Qathafi and the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA goes, it’s going to be very bad for Mali.” He estimated that roughly 10,000 Tuareg remained in the Libyan army, most of them from Mali. “If al-Qathafi is killed or the Great Jamahiriya is demolished, they will all have to leave. The Arabs won’t let them stay,” he said. “I know many guys there. When they come here, they will fight. I have no doubt. I know them. The Revolution is not over.”
• • • • •

Before I left Timbuktu, I encountered a group of boys huddled over their cell phones. Clad in knockoff European soccer jerseys, they periodically whooped with laughter as they passed around a song using Bluetooth.

I asked what it was, and the skinniest boy, draped in an oversize Barcelona jersey, played it for me: A man shouted defiantly in Arabic followed by automatic gunfire, a house beat, and rap lyrics. “It is Qathafi,” said the boy. “He is calling the people to fight.” “Zenga-zenga,” added the tallest boy in a striped Inter Milan shirt. They played it again and laughed. “What does zenga-zenga mean?” I asked. “Corner by corner,” said Barcelona, “he is telling people he will fight village by village, house by house, room by room, corner by corner — zenga-zenga.”

Do you like Qaddafi? I asked them. They all nod. “He is a warrior, like the Tuareg,” said Barcelona. The others click their tongues in agreement. They disappeared into the darkening alleyways, heading in separate directions. I could hear them each playing the tune, spreading it through the city.

• • • • •

Reuters reported on Saturday that Ibrahim ag Bahanga, the Mali rebel leader was killed near the Mali-Niger border. Though the circumstances remain unclear, one Mali military official indicated that fellow Tuareg shot him after they had smuggled weapons into the country from Libya.

Meanwhile, on Sunday Agence France Press reported large numbers of Tuareg fighters returning to northern Niger with luxury cars and furniture.
(This story was reported with support from the Pulitzer Center for Crisis Reporting and as part of a report for “National Geographic” on the Tuareg.)

Taureg fighting in Libya
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COLONIAL IMPERIALISM:

GERMANY:

Source: Turkish Weekly

Germany and France’s interest in Africa

Germany’s effort to making a show of military force in Africa are aimed not just at crisis resolution in conflict areas but also at promoting and marketing German weaponry. However, this effort is not independent from the French rivalry factor.

When Germany achieved reunification in the 1990s, it began trying to play a more active role in the international arena. Germany’s interest in Africa has grown in recent years, in line with the continent’s increasing geo-economic and geopolitical importance. Germany’s participation in the international peace force in Afghanistan and the gradual German intervention in the crises in the Middle East and the Horn of Africa were signals of the transformation of German foreign policy. In the same way, it may be said that with the changes that came with the Arab Spring, German moves to assume a larger role in North Africa have gained speed. On this point, answers need to be found for some basic questions such as “what are the repercussions of Germany’s interest in Africa”, “how are the transformations in the Arab world affecting Germany’s policies in Africa?”, and “what impact will this interest have on relations with other countries such as France?”

The General Framework of German-African RelationsAfter the breakup of the Soviet Union, on the grounds of European Union integration, Germany based its Africa policy on those of the EU. “Europe’s Join Development Vision 2005” and “The Europe-Africa Strategy 2007” offer examples of this. Further Germany proceeded with its interest in Africa through international organizations by giving support, for example, to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and peace-keeping forces attached to the UN. It also made a contribution to the special Africa programs of the G8 and G20 and expanded its Africa policy to take in issues like the crises and disputes there, the fight against illegal migration and human trafficking, climate change, economic development, and trade relations. On the other hand, it also tried to institutionalize its relations with the continent within a framework of political partnership and technical cooperation following a policy independent of its European partners. On issues like the war on terror, supporting democratization, the strengthening of police forces, and issues like education, the judiciary, and the military, it joined the countries supporting African countries at the bilateral level. At the multilateral relations level, it strove to develop relations with African regional organizations, (e.g., the Economic Community of West African States and the East Africa Community.)The Security and Strategic Dimension of Germany’s Presence in AfricaThe basic turning point in Germany’s Africa policy was the 11 September terror attacks. After this point Germany began to make itself felt in Africa as it had never before done. But it is noteworthy that this turning point began in the Horn of Africa. Germany signed a military agreement with Djibouti that gave German forces the right to make use of Djibouti’s harbors and airfields. The agreement allows over 1,200 German naval troops to do surveillance along the East coasts, showing a presence in a strategic region connecting the Mediterranean to Africa. The agreement is also important as it is the first security agreement which Germany has signed with an Arab or African State since the end of the Second World War.At the same time, since 2004 Germany has begun to have a presence, through the support it gives to UN peace-keeping forces, in many countries with which it has created links in Africa, including Liberia, Ivory Coast, Morocco, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Chad, the Central African Republic, and Somalia.Early in 2008 Germany took part in anti-piracy operations coordinated by NATO within the framework of Operation Atalanta  in the Gulf of Aden opposite the Somali coast. In 2013, when the crisis erupted in northern Mali, Germany played an important role, sending 330 soldiers to train the Malian security forces and give support to the French army.Germany’s efforts at making a show of military force in Africa are aimed not just at crisis resolution in the areas of conflict but also at promoting and marketing German weaponry. The situation was made plain during Angela Merkel’s visit to Africa in 2011. Germany raised the issue of the need for Angola to protect its shores and modernize its army following the rise in its oil revenues and propose selling warships. Along with this, it signed an agreement to deliver military frigates to Algeria following tension between Algeria and Morocco which pushed up the value of military supplies in North Africa.

The Arab Spring and the ‘German Spring’ in North Africa
It may be said that the Arab Spring provided Germany with major opportunities to strengthen its role in North Africa. But according to an article by German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle published on 13 January 2012, there are three important risks which might threaten the Arab Spring countries: the first of these risks is the return of the deposed totalitarian regimes; the second is economic failure which could cause social tensions; the third is the possibility that extremist religious movements will grow and threaten democracy. In the face of these risks Germany has sent groups known as transformation teams to the region and appointed a special representative to the Arab world inside the German Foreign Ministry.At the same time it is apparent that Germany has concentrated on Tunisia and Egypt and has signed agreements with both countries and is supporting them on matters like democracy, employment, and finance. It would be insufficient to interpret these initiatives simply in terms of the need Germany feels to support the Arab Spring countries. For they are at the same time also attempts to protect and expand Germany’s interests in North Africa. It may be said that the decision to halt the use of nuclear energy has been one of the factors that has determined Germany’s North Africa policy. At this moment Germany is trying, by means of a combination of solar and wind-powered plants in North Africa and the Middle East, to make renewable energy meet 20% of Europe’s total energy needs by 2050.

Franco-German Competition in North Africa
German foreign policy towards Africa is not independent from its rivalry with France. Since the signing of the treaty with Djibouti, Paris has grown more anxious in the face of the growing German influence in Africa. Indeed, Djibouti is one of the traditional cornerstones of French policy towards Africa and the Indian Ocean. When the rivalry between Germany and France began at the time of the events of the Arab Spring in Libya, Germany stood out by abstaining from the vote over UN Security Council Resolution 1973 about carrying out a military intervention. What’s more, at the time when it appeared likely that France would have a monopoly in the religion, German newspapers and former officials tried to assume an important role in the European Mission, called EUBAM (the European External Action Service), to protect Libya’s borders.As for the political level, Germany has used its influence to prevent the political balance in the region from being upset, in particular after the killing of some opposition figures in Tunisia. German and French policies appear to be in agreement over the development of Tunisia’s political life. On the other hand, the Nahda Government in Tunisia is conscious of this rivalry and has tried to bolster its own interests by opening a wider field to German investments and interests. Whereas up to the overthrow of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Tunisia was regarded as France’s main ally. Finally, Germany has also taken steps to curb the France’s influence outside the countries of the so-called “Arab Spring”. The “Rabat Declaration” which Germany signed with Morocco to foster cooperation in various fields is one small instance of this.


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TUNISIA:

Nasrallah / Tunisia:
Tunisian revolution, which cheered and praised Hassan Nasrallah, and have been allocated for it
and support festivals and support .. Prevent envoy Mr. Nasrallah from entering Tunisia ..
(Ali Ali Chendeb Handb)

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Mu Ink Block

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