Free Officer’s, and a Return to the Past with the “House”

 

 

EHMED TRABELSI and the LIGHTNING BRIGADE:

 

 

 

 

_________________________

 

LIBYA RAT NEWS:

 

And honorable Rafla against tails Mzrath
CONCERNING HATHAM TAGOURIS:
Alert and warning
============
Every time flaking masks Bastards and Mundliyn of their slaves, and there begins to change their skin colors that reciting the trick.

I sanded Nchovk hero, and you’re Anzn In With the right stubborn ,,, And you betrayed.! A new model is added to those suffered by the Alnmazkh up with the devastation and immorality and bathos that characteristic of the “plight of February al-Gaytp”.

It Adnan yeast that a man who has long boasted, among other images collected Bshahyd honor and dignity and the homeland and vigor (Muammar al-Qathafi).

This other man has sold his conscience and his duty to ingrate al-Fberaara (Haitham Tagouris), which has been compiled by Ali that strong link with this feeble, to recruit him to work with a clique of corruption al-Fberaaria damned. Starting up that enabled him, Tagouris, of recoverable his object in the city sports Tripoli, as a token of sincerity of their intentions; and malicious gesture of agreement that does this Adnan, informing about the Patriots and the Liberals who are trying hard to reclaim their homeland from the rapist (by tails aardvarks), and reporting them one after the other, and spoil any effort focused in this direction,

and the involvement of Bashrfa home to be up for grabs for the ‘majus February’,
and this bastard (Haitham Tagouris) and after that through Adnan yeast for these bastards for dedication unrivaled in treason and employment, has rewarded car Toyota type (FJ) were brought him to Cairo, where he lives this Laggard bacchanal .

Mshahdthma been recently (yeast – Tagouris) at a hotel in the Tunisian capital contentment in the meeting to exchange views on how the rhythm largest number of honest people (supporters of the country and Commander Mu’ammar al-Qathafi) and bring them to the prisons and humiliation al-Fberaaria. It ….

Please people of the right, set forth, and supporters of the nation humiliated at the hands of misguided from al-Fberaarien, taken it cautious of this traitor, who is currently the state of Tunisia, which strives Blessings Arbid Zlalh and shame (Haitham Tagouris), to eliminate Motunaian and honorable people of this Great country.

تنبــــهٌ و التحـذيــــر
============
في كل مره يتساقط الأقنعة الأنذال ومنذليين للعبيدهم و هناك يبدأ بتغير جلدهم الذي يتلون بألوان الخديعه.
كنت نشوفك بطل صنديد ،، وكنت انظن أنك وفي ومع الحق عنيد ،،، وإنت خنت .!!! نموذج جديد يضاف إلي تلك النماذخ التي لحقت بركب الخراب والدمار والعهر والإسفاف الذي تتحلي به نكبة فبراير اللقيطة . إنه عدنان خميره ذاك الرجل الذي طالما تباهي بجملة الصور التي جمعته بشهيد الشرف والكرامة والوطن والعنفوان ( القائد معمر القذافي ) . هذا الرجل باع ذمته وضميره إلي العاق الفبرايري ( هيثم التاجوري ) الذي دأب علي أن تجمعه صلة وطيدة بهذا المتخاذل ، لتجنيده للعمل مع زمرة الفساد الفبرايرية اللعينة . إبتدأ الأمر بأن مكنه التاجوري من إسترداد بيته الكائن بالمدينة الرياضية بطرابلس ، كعربون صدق نواياهم الخبيثة وبادرة للإتفاق علي أن يقوم هذا العدنان بالإخبار عن الوطنيين والأحرار الذين يسعون جاهداً لإسترداد وطنهم المغتصب من قبل ذيول خنازير الأرض ، والإبلاغ عنهم واحداً تلو الأخر ، وإفساد أي جهد ينصب في هذا الإتجاه ، والزج بشرفاء الوطن ليكونوا لقمة سائغةً لماجوس فبراير وهذا اللقيط ( هيثم التاجوري ) وبعد أن عبّر عدنان خميره لهؤلاء الأنذال عن إخلاصه المنقطع النظير في الخيانة والعمالة ، تمت مكافئته بسيارة تويوتا نوع ( FJ ) تم جلبها له للقاهرة حيث يقيم هذا المتخاذل العربيد . تم مشاهدتهما مؤخراً ( خميره – التاجوري ) في فندق الهناء بالعاصمة التونسية في إجتماع لتبادل وجهات النظر حول كيفية الإيقاع بأكبر عدد من الشرفاء ( أنصار الوطن والقائد ) وجلبهم إلي سجون الذل والمهانة الفبرايرية . عليه …. نرجوا من أهل الحق المبين ، ومناصري الوطن المهان علي أيادي الضالين من الفبرايريين ، أخد الحيطة والحذر من هذا الخائن المتواجد حالياً بدولة تونس ، والذي يسعي جاهداً رفقة عربيد الظلالة والخزي ( هيثم التاجوري ) للقضاء علي الموطنيين والشرفاء من أبناء هذا الوطن العظيم

 

 

________________________________

 NOTE: 

First, I must re-iterate, that the 1969 al-Fateh September Revolution was NOT a “coup” as the author insists; but rather a true revolution of the people….and,

secondly, there has NOT been unjust persecution throughout the era of the Republic and the post-proceding time of the “GREAT Jamahiriya”. The author is a die hard capitalist and Western sympathiser. The Great Jamahiriya was prospering; IT was not under ANY yoke OF oppression AS THE author BLINDLY RAVES throughout, spinning lies and turning of facts.

Thirdly, Mu’ammar and the Great Jamahiriya had nothing to do with the unfortunate Lockerbie incident (mentioned here repeatedly as if ‘fact’ !); and Mu’ammar al-Qathafi is NOT a free-mason. He is against the NWO, and always has been. There are too many lies herein this report for me to start picking them all out; BUT I POSTED this report, because it does contain much historical information (even if it greatly twisted and implies objectives and agendas claimed, which are falsehoods–as Mu’ammar al-Qathafi has NO alterior motives [as this author claims] is sincere in all that he does and ever has done); and NEVER has Mu’ammar al-Qathafi desired wealth or power for himself—never has he ever.

Mu’ammar al-Qathafi has always acknowledged Allah first and above all; and his whole being and existance has been to honor Allah and provide a happier, healthier existance in our mortal state on earth.

Mu’ammar can only be commended in his great foresight, vision and fulfilled projects, which can be seen, sorrowfully now, to be factually, a great loss for Mankind, …in the destruction of all that he strives (and strove) for, by those evil ‘elite’ SATANIC BROTHERHOOD forces which overthrew the Great Jamahiriya and now “rule” the country in place of the people themselves.

 

THE FREE OFFICER’S MOVEMENT:

 

 

The full story  of harkh officers Al-Ouhdwin Liberals in September 1969

The full story

Officers Movement al-Ouhdwin for the Liberals in September 1969

And mysterious secrets

The Libyan opposition

31 01 2007, 01:35 AM

Full story

For the free officers movement al-Ohadoin in September 1969

Tricks and secrets

http://www.muslm.org/vb/archive/index.php/t-204766.html

His hands were

Thanks God, I finished writing this excellent national platform after the treatment and recuperation trip continued for several months have been successful, thank God, and I ask God to me and you continued health and well-being in this world and the hereafter.

The purpose of the review and update of this research is to provide further information and evidence and important clues about the backgrounds of “officers alohadoon free on 1 September 1981 revealed the close relationship that existed before the coup and was strengthened by several foreign characters with dubious or suspicious relations with foreign powers. One of the most important and the most serious of these characters is the judge and jurist Mustafa Mahdavi.

Picture of HERETIC Mustafa Mahdavi:

PROVIDE

Was the article written by key Faraj about secrets and secrets of the military coup that set off from Benghazi at 2 a.m. on Monday, 1st January 1970, published on the website of news I b Yaffe 29 May 2005 an unprecedented demand by readers. This is reflected in the number of recorded readings of some 14,000 read.
Article writer contemporary of such an important event, a witness to the many attitudes and facts that lists them. Was keen to set up an elaborate scientific and research methods, thereby catering for accuracy and fairness in the presentation of facts and realities and be a contemporary of her personally.
As the writer wished to obtain information from their sources and avoid moving novels without validated and adopted in most of the literature on what he saw or heard directly or move it from the original sources.
After the publication of the first article we have received inquiries and clarifications on several points we refer to her to author who graciously reviewed and taken into account. As you add new information of great importance in the context of the topic.
And as a writer for several months-long illness, has delayed the preparation of this revised version increased. As we call him a complete recovery, health and wellbeing and longevity are pleased to publish the article, plus the words and images of the characters are listed in some published for the first time. The increase in interest and contribution to recording the history of Libya, document and provide the right information to future generations.
Perhaps this article published historical documentary is an incentive to other Libyan personalities lived in that period, and may have contributed to making events or witness, to initiate and shed light on more of those events and facts general interest and complete the picture.
I b o News 31 August 2006

The enormous popularity of drawing our attention to the reader the Libyan our article first with hits about 13,000 read. As we watch the reaction of the Libyan system devices, from his attempts to destroy the site “I b o news” for posting the article (1), the words of Colonel al-Qathafi‘s speech on 11 January 2005 on the anniversary of the departure of u.s. troops from Libya. (2)

That the information and facts that have now become accessible to researchers and historians, which reveal some of this article, make the scientific integrity and historical review of the rationale and circumstances and the data carried in the light September 1969, and define the role of international, regional and local, or the extent of adoption and support after successfully.

The information has been published since the September 1969 coup that was not a surprise to many military and political figures into Libya and some international observers and the international powers, especially the United States. It also indicated that the success of the coup was not purely objective factors and reasons but that certain conditions and anomalies and many parties contributed to facilitate the young officers movement control over power and control of the country without bloodshed or armed clashes.

I’ve seen many writers and historians, the Libyans were in particular the Libyan armed forces involved in the coup against the monarchy stable at the time was an adventure not worry and unnecessary, and he went on to say that “American Zionist conspiracy and Freemason, too!”! Has this article to provide the facts and the facts and circumstances, and the novels and linking them with precision and objectivity. I ask my fellow members of the armed forces who may have been affected and are the victim of New Testament reflect on this article and see themselves and their attitudes towards the nation and citizens should be aware of the lessons to avoid getting involved in more adventures and disasters that do not please them to our country dear to any good.

The past three decades have been years of test and examination of all Libyans. … Civilian and military, Governors and the governed. The time has come to unite the ranks of the faithful of this nation and renounce their differences and disputes and to arm themselves with science and faith and work hard and master to the satisfaction of Allah and his Prophet.. And only call despair and pessimism as a means to them. This is not a worthy believers, Nasrallah for the oppressed and the owners of rights inevitably will deliver customers and darkness punished, and will meet God smiles and love and rights of its people in our beloved country.

Hi to all the souls and hearts of our patient and preach unrighteous and spoilers at the end of the disastrous in its reply would not benefit the millions and billions stolen from the safe of the Libyan people and the names of their children and relatives and grandchildren in seven States, and no special forces or military sleeping cells in Austria and Canada.

Tribute to the martyrs and the righteous militants in prisons, and to scholars and judges who stood up and still stand up to injustice and oppression and calumny and misinformation. And hi to all Honorable fighters within Libya and outside of …

This article courtesy of the ‘masses of people as a whole’ and for future generations, and we hope that, God willing, be a step in the right direction in the September 1969 coup date. Please refer to the readers of the article from time to time we may add new information, with correction of mistakes found.. We hope that everyone has a comment or information or images they can enrich the article let us hasten to send them to us and we’ll be happy to add them to the article.

Jazakallah Key Faraj

Ah disease

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//zubairsanousi.jpg

this historic document dedicated to the great freedom fighter, Ahmed Al-Senussi, who tasted the bitterness of exile, forced solitary confinement then thirty-one years, I deserve to be described as the Nelson Mandela of Libya.

Elbe day e

On Thursday February 1962 asked the Libyan army Chief Gen. Nouri bin Ismail of friendly Office Manager bring the President of us oil company Occidental Armand Hammer (3) (1898 1990) from airport to lightning near White City, and then taking it to the Peace Palace btabrk to interview King Mohammed Idriss Al-senussi.

Attended the hammer, and was entrusted with a special mission of u.s. President John f. Kennedy, by private jet from the Greek island of Crete, accompanied by a Secretary. In the Peace Palace was greeted at the back door of the Palace by Ibrahim Al-alshlhai (died in a car accident in 1964, aged thirty-three years) the warden of the Royal and the coastal (4) the President of the Royal Court. The Hummer hat and wearing a high heel shoe like cowboy boots.

Taken by a guest to the second round to meet King Mohammed Idris Muhammad al-Mahdi as-senussi (5) (1890 1983) and lasted about two-and-a-half interview, then returned to the airport for a lightning hammer and boarded his plane leaving the country and the clock indicates per after midnight.

A few days later he met a friend at the Seaside Cafe at TIRA near the town of Prairie and recounted to him what was in that interview he began (Armand Hammer) talking to him on the King and then offering him for saying, yamolana, over the past three months, since the start of oil exports, it is you the balance of foreign currency, and will increase with the days both the high price or increase pumping in. Therefore our (u.s.) to request your Majesty that they discount from your deserveds ratio as well as (specify) cents to help poor Nations in Africa, and this will not affect your income.

King’s response was clear and unequivocal reminding him several points transfer Advisor Dr. Awni Al-Dajani to hammer saying:

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//kidris.jpg

first: in the first phases of construction and reform has begun to plan the development and housing.
II: Libya has suffered more than any other country because the Italian colonization by the destruction of installations because of fighting on its own territory.
Third: there are Arab countries have supported us our days are the first to help.
IV: of QR and loot its wealth and taking her children into slavery?
Fifth: If we think it is necessary to subject Parliament like your Congress.

And when it is peace, Hummer reputation coastal says: “this country does not need Congress, we want to reach with one person”. Coastal commented friend in a café on superstition: “I’m afraid of God the last word, they might arrange a coup for us, Americans Dola”.

And here’s the passing years and the ruling regime in Libya for American and Jewish and Armand Hammer, the Libyan Treasury capabilities puts at the disposal of u.s. policy in Africa, perhaps most recently in April when Colonel Gaddafi’s order to allocate five billion dollars disbursed alimsharia in Africa without consulting the “Parliament” or “the people of the year” or even a “Congress”.

al-Qathafi was tasked both officer Ahmed Ramadan al-Asibei (registry of the Commander) and Secretary Mohammed Hussein lyes oversees the distribution of these funds. And al-Qathhafi does this love in Africa; or Africans but pleasing America and defiance on the Libyan people, and just as a superpower built its name “United States of Africa” would be the first President as long as he lives.

And we cannot fail to mention here one of the noble and honourable positions of King Idris and the Libyan Government was during the Arab Summit in Cairo in July 1964 while Libya has donated million pounds for the Arab war effort each year, while Saudi Arabia has donated 40 million pounds and Kuwait in the amount of 15 million pounds. President Gamal Abdel Nasser was a great pleasure, it is proposed that the Libyan officer and member of the Libyan delegation to the Summit Col. Ramadan Mustafa Ben Salah (6) an aide to Ali Amer, Commander-in-Chief of the standard Arabic and fellow leadership team Abdel monem Riyad Egypt’s Army Chief later. The Panel cited Riyadh on Sunday 9 March 1969 and was followed with the same course of the fighting on the Suez Canal.

By al-Tejan

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//hasanreda.jpg

after Armand Hammer interview of King Idris, and after failing in America win the Crown, Mr. Hassan senussi (7) (1928-1992) during his visit to America in October 1962, which lasted a month, u.s. intelligence began looking for her clients in both civil and military. America has had three main goals in the Middle East:

First: trapping and eliminating Communist tide after Britain reduced its forces and influence in the region, especially after the Suez war of 1956
2. ensure the flow of oil.
And third: ensuring the survival and supremacy of the Zionist entity in Palestine.

To achieve these goals America devoted effort to establish Government condemns them to dependency in the region. After the discovery of oil in April 1959, Libya has become a target of u.s. domination and greed.
Initially focused intelligence and the US Embassy led by Ambassador David Newsome (who served as Ambassador from January 1965 to August 1969), graduates of military corner school (8) and trablswaghlbhm brigades officers with the rank of captain or major, and opened their gate Airport navigation (wells) in Tripoli that the anshatadh bars and discotheques was most famously bar Crazy Horse (Crazy Horse) hithizehb officers of the army and police to a liquor and girls.

More drinks were provided to attendees for free or at nominal prices low. And planted among the officers leading the Arab clients, mostly Palestinians. All this to keep tabs and choose fit them for cooperation and support. But u.s. authorities washed their hands of these officers after they realized that most of them do not fit for the job.

The Libyan officers reportedly caused Airport extreme annoyance and concern navigation for Gen. Nouri buddy bin Ismail 9 Libyan army Chief, issued a decision in the beginning of 1962 had been distributed to the camps prevented officers from frequenting bars. Military intelligence also assigned to monitor entrances and restriction of visitors to the airport from the Libyan military, especially attending concerts, gay friendly.

Soon after discovered the surveillance officers, led by Sarah Hamann, Deputy Head of military intelligence, an intelligence official Tripoli, much aroused suspicion and skepticism. Three Libyan officers have resigned from the army and received jobs at the base.

The Americans succeeded in recruiting four officers of small level while in America to attend training courses, and deposited them in the practical test such as Nuri Sha’lan (this is nicknamed the CIA) better known by his rashness and his passion for appearing, which revealed Egyptian intelligence with ease in 1966 while in Cairo on a mission simplistic to gather information for u.s. intelligence. Upon arrival at the airport in Tripoli from Cairo to General Nuri Sha’lan rushed friendly Chief of staff who was at the airport to greet the Turkish Chief of staff and his combo details of what he did in Cairo, with the understanding that the officers gathered at the airport waiting to catch it. Shaalan made a full confession about his mission and was sentenced to one year’s imprisonment and the output from the army.

The Americans continued their attempts to find from investigating their desires in Libya. They felt that if they did not move quickly, the Seoul Government is brewing for the Colonel’s Ibrahim alshlhai. You may be sure that Colonel alshlhai who has the military efficiency and confident King Idris, who was assigned to special tasks (10) was preparing to govern a peaceful coup. It also has a nationalist tendencies and maybe rhymes to his contacts with the Egyptian leadership

Brother is shed

America since the end of the 1950s with the establishment of a network of clients and friends loyal “in Libya!! And the last item was the military of the army and police, businessmen, employees and lawyers. And we will talk here about the most serious and most important client in Libya and perhaps in the Middle East, namely, Mustafa Kemal Mahdavi lawyer. (11)

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//mahdawi.jpg

Mustafa Mahdavi was born in Egypt in 1932. Graduated from the Faculty of Alexandria in 1959, and his college buddies Noel Hasan. After his return to Libya a Mahdavi technical section of the Supreme Court in Tripoli. He is currently residing in alfowahate-West of Benghazi. It was so vast, and modern culture. Recruited by the CIA because of his family and intimate Mustafa Ben Halim, former Prime Minister.

The fact that Mahdavi shortly many friendships between the military and civilians. For example, in his home in Tripoli, meetings of young intellectuals and avant-garde intellectual elites and cultural walalmihvi the country, comprised of Libyans to the heir of the chief author (Storck toffifee car accident on his way from misratah to Tripoli in November 1970) and Ibrahim Bashir to this confession (it was in the same car that killed late on heir survived).

And Palestinian Dr. Ahmad Sidqi Al-Dajani iPod. Anis Al-Qasem, ISA Qasim, Fred Mella and Jordan Nawaf Jaradat, and others … In addition to his friends the Americans attending the officers sometimes birthdays his young daughter.

Mahdavi was during his residence in Tripoli to Fridays holidaymakers on a farm family reconciliation gargour and was a friend of their son Habib.In 1970 the Libyan authorities seized on the farm and in the villas around and distributed after the split a number of close and keep Colonel Gaddafi himself to best those villas. Gargur Palestinian citizen to live in Libya country justice and security after President Gamal Abdel Nasser’s Nations funds and property in Egypt wrongfully early 1960s, and is not “one alien perspectives” as Colonel Gaddafi called him in his speech on May 1, 2006. And kadhafi crammed in his name gargour after language news provision family gargour lawsuit out of Libya in order to retrieve their money and property looted in Libya.

For his activities in the Libyan military has known Mahdavi “plain and simple human justice” and described himself to a group of officers, including Capt. Hameed algdaimi (graduate of the Military Academy of Benghazi) and Captain Mustafa Nuri (graduate of Iraq) and other officers of the small level. They agreed among themselves on a scheme implemented by the units first Armor Battalion, based in five, in coordination with the American officers are in misratah airport to arrest King Idris while travelling by road to Tripoli in February 1966 and was forced to cede the throne to selected officers and then declare the revolution.

However, this project is dead in its tracks because of its simplicity and also for some senior officers refused to cooperate with them.

As was already known to the Americans and gathering Thunder King Idris attended overland to Tripoli in February 1966, and was often traveling without bodyguards, and was the only companion is always the leading driver Stephen. But this time he was accompanied by another car key Brigade Scarfs (died in July 1971) Commander of the security forces, and on this trip the King addressed his teeth at us Airport navigation.

Mahdavi was much hesitation on the navigation and was introduced by the Carnet (card) Special No. 157 released his leadership base. He bought some of his belongings from the BX inside the airport without being paid, it had an open account as the main recruitment officer. The main task is to attract the Libyan officers and then invite them to go to the base so that American intelligence officers know them up close, and were given drinks and refreshments along with some gifts from BX.

In August of 1966 went Mahdavi to Jordan and Kuwait and Bahrain and maybe UAE Arabic which was then under British tutelage, accompanied by a high-level delegation of u.s. intelligence. The flight lasted about twenty days, and on the same trip he visited Israel. Mahdavi told us about his visit to Kuwait and Jerusalem (News Libya 11 August 2006) is of course a most holy and certainly he visited Jerusalem, where dental treatment in Hadassah hospital, Israel object the eye cream.

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//isa.jpg

and forgot to tell us about his visit Mahdavi to Bahrain where he met Emir Sheikh Issa Ibn Salman Al-Khalifa (1933 1999) gave valuable gifts, including a gilded and precious hour Abaya by a Prince. We pray that prolongs the life of Mahdavi to tells us the real reasons for his visit to these countries.

Before the war of June 1967 taken State security apparatus that was headed by Colonel Ismail altoigeri to detect activity in Libya and American customers reduce it, and was led by Mostafa Mahdavi, in coordination with military intelligence and intelligence English. Because of his extensive and semi-public, using his car alfoxl green when on the move, the Libyan security services decided to clamp down on it.

As the Chief of staff, General Nuri friend Abdul Hamid bakoush, who was Justice Minister and then as Prime Minister, and patriotism, to alert some of their subordinates not to contact and the need to break the dangerous client alone for their known as Mustafa Mahdavi.

In the spring of 1967 go Mahdavi to work in the Court of appeal in Benghazi to garyounis camp soon to be known as “camp America” or “conspiracy” camp where there were many liberal unionists and officers group led by Lieutenant Muammar al-Qathafi Bomniar. It was mandated to follow up the inherent file Mahdavi Muammar Gaddafi, in addition to his work as an officer recruiting and was visited by the camp of garyounis, Benghazi continuously until the September coup. al-Qathafi, Signal Corps officer (intelligence), allows the gathering ROAR to make international calls from a contact campfire.

In the spring of 1970 introduced al-Qathafi Mahdavi took the people’s Court was rejected (allegedly) of family relations between himself and some men of the Royal Covenant who appeared before this Court, then asked al-Qathafi to stay in the work of the Court of appeal. The Mahdavi nominated judge Nathan and Sheikh Mahmoud Sobhi to be members of the Court. But the real reason for refusing the Court Presidency Mahdavi to learn that he was a known even before the network was organized by came to upend a.. And the issue is over, so the impact of staying out of the limelight.

Maybe knows many Libyans national positions of Shaykh Mahmoud Sobhi during the Royal Covenant but little known initial attitude and courage during the reign the coup. Perhaps the least position is calculated for Sheikh Jalil and enough pride is to return the amount of money sent to him after he visited kadhafi in his house and watched the modest furnishings.

Citing confidential documents released by the US Government contained the following paragraph to the rescue which was published by the magazine national front for the salvation of Libya (No. 47, September 1998, p. 20): “notes that within the framework of the periodic updating of the reports it had received a letter from Secretary of State Dean Rusk’s dated April 18, 1968 to the u.s. Embassy in Tripoli urging them to update the information contained in some reports already sent. It is interesting that the Minister’s letter, which included notes on more than 100 name, asked about a limited number of these names provide the Ministry with everything about (need everything) and these names are:

Colonel Yunis urban, Col. Mokhtar Ibrahim albenghazi Salem Bin Talib leader (Director General of security of Tripoli), Dr. m. albosty, Dr. Shukri Ghanem (oil expert), Mohammed Abu Iyad Lafi Hassi (businessman), Kamel Hassan of the oppressed (lawyer), Mustafa Mahdavi (judge), Mahmud bin Naji, Mohammad anka (businessman), Alhaji Mohammed Mustafa Al-shaibani (businessman), submitted by the Sudanese police, Mohammad Bashir aloivati (agronomist), Colonel Yunis Al-Qasim Ali (internal security administrator for several years after the coup) ”

We can ask the following questions:

· What are the political orientation of the individuals on the list?
· What is the role of Dr. Shukri Ghanem in this group?
· What a huge antenna farm Ibrahim since the mid-1960s anka? Major Abdul Salam aglod after the coup d ‘ état frequented almost daily on the farm of anka, who became the Director of the aglod funds smuggled abroad.
· Is it efficiency alone that made Colonel Yunis Belkacem responsible for security in Libya during the reign the coup until his retirement a few years ago?

Give full money management late oppressed the Gaddafi family smuggled into Europe after the death of the former Director of the El in Spain.There is information indicating that by now billionaire Mohamed alhweij Libyan Deputy Prime Minister today.

By almo’am

In 1966, was the beginning of the countdown to the stability in Libya. In the autumn of that year, after returning from a training course in Britain (which was unsuccessful in completing the exam as not passing says one close companions) was chosen Lieutenant moamer kadhafi to be port of Marib in Libya. He was subjected to surveillance and testing for a year since graduating from the Royal Military College in Benghazi. (12) the Americans immediately started his training, guidance, and protection, of course, from the eyes of Libyan intelligence, English and Egyptian.And willed that the school only addressed the client and expert political coups heretic Mustafa Kemal Mahdavi.

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//gedda.jpg has studied American history and psychology carefully, they knew about the existence of rumors around, and he was expelled from school for bad late 1961 swearing at his weshzoodh and not, as alleged by its national school certificate. As it known he admired figure of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, and was marked by caution and secrecy, and has sweeping ambition to gain power.

America has come an anonymous and unknown allegiance having not even brings him problems and outs him. It confirms what we have known was an article on Mr. Hamid bakoush magazine Center on October 16 1995: “… Coup officers was unknown to young people. And it reminded me of what my American Ambassador (David Newsome?) and I am the Prime Minister (from 26 10 7 9, 1967 to 1968), who doubted my desire to seize power, the desire to explore the visitor came and advised me that if I thought about it, that to avoid the involvement of well-known names, because the people they control from day one, and that intelligence sharing anonymous names can control things and everyone expecting them don’t know… ”

I believe the Ambassador let any u.s. Ambassador there from this strategy was recruitment of kadhafi and his group of events in 1966.

And cryptic about Jules at the time that u.s. intelligence and Ambassador Newsome has settled on a liberal alohdion for officers, agendas and not tip (Ambassador) has an ingenious ploy to assure him that the Americans did not have any revolutionary, and to divert attention from their lot.

It was an unequal confrontation between Ambassador backed by massive intelligence machine (budget CIA CIA CIA alone in 1966 (505) million dollars in 1998, according to official sources, all intelligence budget of 26 billion US dollars) and the young Prime Minister no later than thirty-five years of age, followed by a small, nascent intelligence, few possibilities, and penetrative.

It seems that Jules is no longer at that time as usual following movements Mahdavi, we don’t blame him on this ignorance has been ducking Mahdavi from sight a little after moving to Benghazi in the spring of 1967 on the orders of the CIA. Libya has been easy prey and spoil of u.s. intelligence.

Us Group advised the Liberal unionists away from officers, political parties, civil (sent, brothers and nationalists), currents and competing factions within the army and at the time was three groups Chairperson:

· Alshlhai group which includes Egypt and some graduates graduates of Benghazi
· Iraq: group called organization of Iraq because most of its members were officers of the Iraq military college graduates. The orientations of the national members and not organized Baathist
· And graduates of military corner group

Has America by the presence of this disagreement and discord among the army officers to find a loophole through which entered and held the reins at the same time exploiting the potential of each group to organize the young officers who had headed by Mu’ammar al-Qathafi as lieutenant.

The choice of a Lieutenant without other ranks for good reasons from the point of view of the Americans, most notably the young officers are usually close to the soldiers where they ordered them direct, and most were in the barracks and not employed by family responsibilities. They also have ambitious and willing to adventure, and that their movements or night raises suspicions of security forces such as the movements of senior officers.

Mahdavi was launched and the Americans on the coup group code name “Black Boots black boots” where young Libyan army officers then wearing black shoes. The Libyans and the first image posted to moamer kadhafi, Libyan newspapers days after successful coup appeared sitting on a desk wearing his shoes (Puteh) black, and was intended to connect the encrypted message to the concerned organization “black boots” has triumphed.

Mahdavi was conceived most of us planners in the selection of lieutenants (and his cohorts) without other classes:
“The senior officer that justifies the choice of the inexperienced Lieutenant for this tremendous work and is bringing down state the most important thing for him is that little can be trained and restructured as a paste for what we want, but we abrogate him again and turn it into something new and works easily for us. They dump his brain did prove handy in his mind all believed until we can turn it’s religion that we want.These experiments we are working and we do and know our established players in their work and their knowledge and experience. For the latest check was without senior “.

Words that did not come from Mahdavi vacuum it certainly was aware of the tests performed by American scientists in the area of mind control or brainwashing (mind control/brainwashing). Perhaps aware of the confidential testing was conducted by the CIA since 1953 in the area of influence and control human behaviour has given the Agency for this project, code-named MK ULTRA.

The newspaper (the New York Times) the first to alert the American public in December 1974 for the existence of these illegal experiments were performed on individuals without their knowledge about experiences and not about the type of drugs that were given to them.

After the exposure is testing a US Congress 1975 Commission of inquiry which was ordered to stop the tests and to compensate those affected.Richard Helms (CIA Director CIA) from 1966 to 1973 one project engineers) and the Agency before he left the Presidency in 1973, had ordered the destruction of documents and files for project MK ULTRA, but that few of these documents survived the damage and found his way to the press in 1974. In 1977 two former edifice in the (CIA): Victor mandriti, miles Copeland that tests were continuing and Copeland said that most of the information on the project MK ULTRA had concealed from the Commission of inquiry.

The main goal of testing is to discover drugs to brainwash people to be agents and spies without their knowledge. It was used in testing drugs, most notably LSD psychedelic (LSD) in addition to hypnosis. Mahdavi’s remarks confirmed that the Americans had used the latest scientific methods of recruitment and control in their dealings with the Liberal unionists officers group.

It is no secret to those concerned that the CIA maintains complete files on meetings of their representatives (controllers) balmhedoi before and after the Sept. 1, 1969.

This method was followed with all groups and organizations cooperating with the United States and Western intelligence generally, as mentioned many American intelligence agents Americans published briefs as they wrote after their resignation from the Agency. Totalitarian regimes have learned, however, to use the same style against opponents and people thinking that this despicable and forbidden and legally may prolong its rule.

And before the end of the 1966 agreement between kadhafi and Americans as follows:
Clear rules with neutralizing Britain and convince the Government to vacate their bases in Libya that is subsequently agreed to pay appropriate compensation to the two countries. The direction of the Americans is to evacuate the bases within the country that the disorders may occur because of the refusal of the people having those rules on its territory and replacing them with aircraft carriers and planes of high altitudes and long range aircraft with 52. When thousands of protesters tried to attack the base navigation on June 9, 1967, felt the gravity of Al-Qaeda presence on Libyan territory. As a gesture to show good faith by US authorities to vacate and surrender its warehouses in the port of Tripoli to the Libyan authorities
That comes out of Libya when the coup of Mustafa Ben Halim (13) former Prime Minister pays tribute to Omar Saeed, (14) and the putschists rushed to the airport to Tripoli to traffic continuing on from there where all the ports of Libya by land, sea and air are closed, and warned of harm

Find two colonels or pilot joined the group chosen, one to control the security, the Minister of the Interior. And the other is the military affairs, the Minister of defence on the grounds that most of the members of the Organization’s young officers and will in the first phase of understanding with senior officers and top rank in these institutions. http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//mousa.jpg

Thus the Mahdavi brought afterward both submitted by Adam Al-haoaz, and Colonel Moussa Ahmed (15) to be members of kadhafi. And then betrayed by Gaddafi after the check is wanted (16) was arrested on 7 December 1969 on charges of plotting to overthrow the Government and sentenced to death then cut to life imprisonment. Colonel released Mousa Ahmed in March 1988 and died on 24 April 2005 after being only the official version of the knife attack by a group of thieves Africans. … Not knowing the fate of his fellow presenter Adam Al-haoaz,
http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//hawaz.jpg when arrested by Colonel Ahmed Al-haoaz, Adam played gunner (item order phoning garyounis camp) and was sitting in his cell in the central prison in Tripoli, he shouted aloud: “I’ve been arrested from handpicked America and had kept pace with them… America, the world had a hand in this! “due to its proximity to Al-haoaz, a direct command, you must be certain things became clear to him after the arrest of Al-haoaz, a.

Colonel Ahmad presenter Adam Al-haoaz, and members of the US Communications Commission for unification and complete civil and military telecommunications lines, before the coup was the disqualification of walhawaz artillery Colonel who was popular in the army and was the first paid by a secret order was phoning camp garyounis comprising a group of officers including moamer kadhafi and Awad with M’Hamed gerief, Mustafa Hamza al-Kharroubi (members of the Board of the coup) and Hussein banglos village. And his last story, or rather the tragedy we will look to the future, God willing.
When zero hour the Americans to ensure that the putschists arms and ammunition.
The Americans promised to facilitate the tasks of reconnaissance and training for Libyan warplanes stationed in the Airport navigation.
Give the coup leaders free to determine domestic and foreign policy.
Pledge to form a civilian Government in a maximum of one year of full-time after an army coup, and vowed to protect Western interests, and promised to continue pumping Libyan oil.

In short, it was agreed to Exchange interest, liberal unionists officers authority to American interests in Libya.

To ensure the implementation of these agreements, the u.s. secret service of planting agents and her eyes everywhere, using all means and possibilities, including the use of dozens of u.s. Peace Corps volunteer (Peace Corps) who’s on Libyan territory and many American and Arab officials by oil companies and in cultural centers of America.
For example, in 1963, Bechtel Petroleum Services (Bechtel) appoint agents to the CIA personnel management. And above all it has been since 1966 breakthrough organize Colonel Abdulaziz alshlhai and customers officers were planted in his Office, walmhdoi was fully aware of this grave.

The 1966 American appointed u.s. air force officer in Tobruk for spying on King and the movements of the age of alshlhai Nazer’s ownership, the brother of Colonel Abdul Aziz and the movements of the English where there are air base in “airport is nowhere.”

The fundamental factors that have helped to complete collapse of the monarchy:
The existence of King Idris out of Libya, where he had fled to Greece and then to the Turkish city of Bursa in June 1969.

Dismissal of Gen. Nouri buddy of Chief of the army in October 1968 and appointment as a member of the Senate with grant at the group. I’ve almost come to the General Nouri, who surrounded himself with competent officers and national all American plot threads, but as we shall see, Colonel Abdul Aziz alshlhai had a different opinion.

U.s. intelligence penetration of the Libyan security services. For example, on March 12, 1969, the day of the birthday of the King (famous for that day also revived the Umm kulthum concert in the city of Tripoli) was commissioned by Nasreddin important major Ahmed bogholh to go to Sirte region to control the movements and meetings of members of the Liberal unionists and officers arrested. Bogholh went to Sirte and make sure there is a meeting of the putschists saw kadhafi and is up to the venue in a blue Volkswagen car, he ignored orders by Haman and make great effort to obscure and hide evidence of meeting. And soon after discovered by Haman that major bogholh and his colleague Joseph Manh intelligence were connected to balmhedoi.

Enable us to know the date of receipt of the alshlhai to power through three sources:

First: in the spring of 1969 during the “stitch” (picnic) tribes in the Willow with Green Mountain asked Sheikh Abdul Hamid Mujahid Al Abbar (17) the President of the Senate and the leader of the Al-awaqir tribe “, from the Musa Ahmed” x 76 “work of anything to prevent the alshlhai of” albraash “from power in Libya, saying:” enough for them “in the words of Sheikh … And one of his secret and dangerous is that alshlhai will receive power in September of that year. (18)
http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//abbar.jpg

Second Lt. Ibrahim Suleiman alshalmani officer within the Office of the Insert alshlhai who was listening in on calls and contacts alshlhai, you may know alshalmani kadhafi walmhdoi date alshlhai movement after the telephone conversation between tsanth Colonel Abdul Aziz and his brother Omar outside Libya stated the date Sept.

And the third is an intelligence officer English gradually shift Americans at a dinner in the city of Tobruk and knew his password.

To strengthen the position and took his leadership positions with the army before receiving authority on Friday 5 September 1969, Libya transferred ownership to the Colonel abdelazizalshlhi, who was Director of the training and the Chairman of the Commission on the reorganization of the army, appointed his brother-in-law sanussi Shamsuddin Chief of staff was suffering from a mild paralysis and appointed his brother-in-law alakhralakid Awn rubab penthouse as Director of movements (operations). Defense Minister Hamed Al-Obeidi (died in Benghazi on February 6, 1970), was plagued by problems left him unable to do his duty as a Minister of defence effectively. He was a friend of Colonel alshlhai and fellow paid by Egyptian military college (19), Colonel Hussein Ali ferjani (20) chairs the military intelligence.

As Colonel alshlhai to convert many qualified officers, of whom about half of Iraq’s military, college graduates (21) to the remote administrative functions within the active military.

However, Col. Salih al-sanousi tried OLAF (22) unite to persuade his fellow graduates of Iraq to cooperate and coordinate positions with Colonel alshlhai the group leader Col. Fawzi categorically rejected her proposal and said: “we do not beg anyone.” Because of his tough stance this season by Colonel Fawzi of organization. Some officers have tried to patch up Iraq graduates cohesion with Colonel al-Shlhai who showed willingness to cooperate but that it was too late and was the will of God is predominant. And in the end did not find monarchy and Colonel al-Shlhai of the defended in challenging, and everyone ended up entering the prison.

I must point out that Colonel Abdulaziz alshlhai was initially reluctant to do the movement, since the 1966 Conservative colleagues including the late Colonel Abdullah Awissi of unresolved matters and the need to rescue a country of adventurers and of American hegemony, their River, Colonel alshlhai saying: King Idris in the denominator of the parents cannot or did Joseph want it overturned. It was his belief that he could face a deceit and misleading America.

The influence of the Egyptian media said. Especially the voice of the Arabs. That was inciting rebellion and inflame the public against Arabic regimes and their private property because of the Americans and the English.

The beginning of economic and political corruption in the State.

In implementation of what was agreed upon in 1966 signed as follows:

At dawn on September 1 before the first broadcast of the coup was broadcast for the first time in Libya. It was run by military intelligence system secure communication between all units of the army. The US companies are planned and implemented for this project is important …Which had a direct impact on the success of the September coup, 69.

At 3 a.m. Monday, Sept. 1, 1969, near an entrance to the southern city of Tripoli, a u.s. military fuel car driven by a black American soldier in the armored column was provided by an aggressive officer Captain M’Hamed harati fuel. And we are certain that the murder of Captain harati in a car accident in Tripoli in October 1970 was five because of this secret getting serious. Was killed in the same incident two friends one is Mohamed Arifi.

At 7 a.m. on the coup contacted Colonel Mukhtar Canon Superintendent over Tripoli with Colonel Ali Aqil, Director of public security who was resisting since early morning with three police officers and a group of soldiers some of the army personnel supported by armored and attempting to break into the Security Directorate building adjacent to the Palace of the mole in Tripoli. After exchanging some words he said Col. Aqeel: “you ya Mokhtar tell me blessings and leave your weapon so like what they told me Americans… You may call me Mister Joe navigation airport Commander (Colonel and Logia “Daniel James (1920-1978), the leading Airport navigation from April 1969 to March 1970, and is the de facto leader of the coup d ‘ état of September) asks me not to create problems with controlling the country for everything over …”

All this and Mu’ammar al-Qathafi was also confirmed by several sources laying on his bed at Garyounis listens to military songs and put a man on the man, and not up to building radio Benghazi when the sixth hour only ten minutes “of … The novel has two “free al-Ohadoin officers are Lt. Raed Abdel monem Abdel Fattah Younes, Hun.

At 8: 30 a.m. incomes by Mukhtar aldouki, a financial officer at Camp Al-Aziziyah, Al azizia camp room full of officers, Fadi salute Colonel key albah said: congratulations offendum, believing that the coup leader. Albah replied smiling: Congrats to ya asshole.. Sit down. And had submitted aldouki passports and tickets for a group of leaders of the coup was supposed to travel at 10 that morning, 01 Sept., to attend training courses in the UK.

The first batch of officers detained all of the colonels ‘ rubab and Aziz shanib albah key sponsors are important and Eid Marei Krista and Clayton building. The officers were astonished at the accuracy of planning the family blankets and food ready for camp for detainees and a handful of lieutenants do so.

At 10 arrived at Camp Al-aziziya armour type (Saladin) and (freight) and (srasin) and the soldiers, they profess they stop Captain Abdulsalam aglod Board member leading the coup and subsequent corner with his restored them and shouted: “we have opened our arms depots, now my brothers, the revolution succeeded!” ordered Staff Sgt. (freely) Salem Saeed, Secretary General of the Council of Ministers, the Colonel later, bahadaralshay to the detainees, US officers have opened stores arms and ammunition in the camps of korgi and USTA Milad and deliver 180 new armored putschists. This armor has been reserved for this purpose, blocked by the army and police force and to access them before that date, arguing that there must be training and perform necessary maintenance.

At tea, Captain aglod in the chat started give effect to the tournaments that morning, how he broke into the House of Ahmed will help former Interior Minister and seized alhalath) weapons and ammunition pouch made of leather, worn warrior on the chest) for the Mujahid Mohammed will help Mahmoudi’s father, Ahmed, was also seized and how Saif Mujahid Al-Mahdi by one of the Ottoman sultans, and how he insulted former Minister and crawling on his knees and how cursing Agriculture Minister Hamid bosroil because he didn’t care for his father.

At 11 am the captain Lindsey Hun, a Board member of the leadership of the coup and subsequent Intelligence Chief, Captain Steve Hamann connect Yahya Omar Saeed, who he brought with him more than 20 bag has carry a wealth of jewellery, from his home in the alkadiset gold medal to American navigation and airport by Muammar Gaddafi personally and in coordination with the Colonel (Daniel James) is the Airport navigation and US intelligence officer Gen. (Joseph kabochi). http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//jouseph.jpg

Mustafa Ben Halim, had informed him that the CIA informed the heads of us oil companies working in Libya that packs his bags before Sept. 1, left Libya on Monday August 25, 1969.

A secret Committee headed by al-Gaddafi flagship Abdulsalam aglod “jalaa investigator” as described on the small posters appeared after the end of the theatrical negotiations be evacuated on December 15, 1969 and membership pilot Captain Fathi Taher (23) and legal adviser Mehmood Baccouche to negotiate with the Americans and the English for compensation the two bases in Libya. Without hesitation approved the putschists to pay three billion dollars to America and 800 million pounds to Britain. This deal is like a lifeline to Britain, which has suffered serious economic problems at that time. And simple calculations are two countries they recovered what did resemble each other for lease rules, exponentially.

After the coup d ‘ état did not stop training sorties of warplanes of the Atlantic Alliance (NATO) over the Libyan airspace and on board the US sixth fleet aircraft carriers and military bases in Europe, but according to the agreements, 1966 kadhafi set a captain by the Libyan Foreign Ministry for coordination of flights airline alliance with military leaders stationed at NATO’s southern command Atlantic in Naples, Italy. And as we know, this agreement is still valid and has not been abolished.

Fyza _eija era

“The necessary condition for the survival of any ruler in power … And the continued progress in the field of construction and reform is to appear to be impossible to say with whom he created us, and act in a way that does not show any harmony with the tastes and inclinations. In short, our support for any leader to gain access to power and stay there until we achieve some interests that we must hit the harsh truth that he must draw some abuses to us so he can maintain power and guarantee continuity. The structure of the political system that the Governor must be naturally and instinctively, not artificially, so it must contain certain elements which bear malice hostility to our interests. “

(US-intelligence man miles Copeland in his book “the game”, 1969)

US Ambassador David Newsome left Libya in June 1969 to a suspicion that he or any income with the Embassy in September 1969. The new Ambassador Joseph Palmer received his early October 1969.

The unusual effort by America to assist the Libyan Government in building the wireless network for security services, army and consolidating radio broadcasting before the coup in months to all be ready on 01 Sept. 1969.

Declaration on the morning of the coup on the appointment of Col. Saad Al Deen aboshoerb as Army Chief of staff, although he resigned from the army in late 1967 (the last position he held before his resignation is the second Armor Battalion) and was working as the editor of the library of contracts, Omar al Mukhtar Street in Tripoli, and the day of the coup, was with his family in Madrid. Colonel aboshoerb was surprised by the publication of his newspapers and his appointment as head of the Libyan army, went to Rome after his arrival there called him Edward and Saleh Masud shot (24) (first Foreign Minister coup-era) and requested him to proceed immediately to Libya to receive his work as Chief of staff. on Monday 8 September 1969, Colonel aboshorib shot was escorted to Tunisia to the Libyan border land where they found in their military vehicleAnd military uniforms worn by the aboshoerb to enter the country in uniform. Colonel aboshoerb 40 days remained in Bab Al-aziziya military camp in his work as the Chief of staff then asked Board members to resign after coup that has settled them is Colonel aboshoerb Valley (without his knowledge) role of the decree by the CIA and then sample alanklabiion Ambassador in Cairo.

There is no doubt that the announcement of the appointment of Chief of staff Colonel aboshoerb befuddled officers loyal to King wellshlhi and prevent them from making any action against the putschists, as the aboshoerb were calculated at alshlhai and fellow paid by Egyptian military college. As this also tricks the Egyptian leadership that Colonel alshlhai is the leader of the coup. It should be noted that some officers in the summer of 1966 nationalists alerted the Egyptian leadership to America or Britain’s feet to change the monarchy in Libya for them. When turning to Colonel Abdulaziz alshlhai Hamza al-basiouni response (Star), an aide to Egyptian intelligence chief Salah Nasr: “he’s cooperating with us.”

Failure to declare the names and ranks of the putschists, one week after the coup, where he promoted Lieutenant Colonel Muammar kadhafi and his appointment as Commander of the armed forces on September 8, 1969.

Printed hundreds of photos of President Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1967 navigation airport printing and distribution to the public in the early days of the coup to give Libyans and the world that the September coup is an extension of the July 23 revolution.

US intelligence has printed and distributed pamphlets showing the evils of Communist rule. And their numbers were found lying on the pavement near the Soviet Embassy in Garden City in Tripoli.

Maybe he’s erased the following incident from history. On Saturday 18 October 1969 guide Mu’ammar al-Qathafi after he became a Lieutenant Colonel at the head of a group of pickup trucks toward the base of the navigation unit is stationed for the Libyan air force. Without approval of Al-Qaida officials rushed a convoy of cars into the airport. And it is only moments until Colonel Daniel James, Commander of the Airport navigation standing at the main gate and saw kadhafi near the Barrier Gate Sanda on hand gun, goggle and ordered him to just hand on his pistol, and astonishment of all present complied with al-Qathafi.

Both Mustafa Ben Halim pays tribute to Omar Saeed for trial in absentia in Libya. The people’s Court headed by major Bashir hwadi on September 30, 1971, Mustafa Ben Halim was sentenced to fifteen years ‘ imprisonment for corruption of political life. As Edward was one of the special courts sentenced to death in 1981.

The US media, inspired by American intelligence, the show’s “anonymous nobodies” in front of Arab and world public opinion that he won the round and had forced them from their bases in Libya to make the kind of prestige walhilman (“m”) so dominating and convince everyone that he is not a nationalist and a false hero. But al-Qathafi has a deep sense that many Libyan and Arab people think and shouting that the creation of the American. Therefore it has become permanent acquitted himself articulated the charge, most recently on Wednesday, 02 March 2005, when he said:

“we are not enemies and no clients and no allies to America”.

The position of the sponsoring American freedoms and democratic supporter in the world of the Libyan opposition and funding of several projects and militancy “vain”, was the most important and most serious programmes of national front for the salvation of Libya during the 1980s. The front has exploited America to gather information on the Libyan opposition and closely the situation in Libya and liaison with military and civilian components to provide a substitute for the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA.

The US Administration has denied a hand in the September 1969 coup and denying it to the Libyan regime proved his involvement in international terrorism and the loss of life of American civilians, as happened in Lockerbie and La Belle nightclub German threat from time to time to give it up whenever I felt that departs from the interests and strategies in the region. It now appears that the Colonel and his regime might Plonk in the brood and becoming a hostage in the hands of America make it whatever you want.

Abstract

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//abdallah.jpg “the President. .. Your return on it. Saudi Arabia.. Confident in. Saudi Arabia..Muslim, Saudi Arabia is not the slave of colonialism like you and others.. From jabk to judge you? Of the right to cut down jabk.. From jabk governance? But don’t speak and don’t get involved in things which are not right owner and do share.. Lying is in front. .. And the grave is have. ”
http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//noanswer.jpg

Prince Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia then directed his words to kadhafi during the public meeting of the Arab Summit held in Sharm el Sheikh on 1 March 2003.

Moamer kadhafi’s coup was crippled by unsung officers, us with all the data. And what was his to succeed without the complicity of the Government in Britain, Wilson and the cooperation of a number of vulnerable souls from the Libyans and Arabs. He stole zero hour when the country was ripe for Col. Abdulaziz Ibrahim alshlhai authority on Friday 5 September 1969. Thus succeeded in foiling planned alshlhai and the expulsion of the English and the receipt of Libya.

There are some indicators that might confirm the Masonic presence in the September 1969 coup, perhaps the most important fact that Commander Colonel Daniel James-traffic airport, which was overseeing implementation of the plan of coup d ‘ état was a member of the Prince Hall Masonic Forum of the great (Prince Hall Grand Lodge). After the success of his mission in Libya, Colonel James was appointed Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for public affairs and then up the military ladder to become Special Assistant to the Chief of staff of the u.s. air force. And in 1983 was named General James Masonic lodge no. 72, Washington, USA.

Freemasonry secret organization advocating atheism and pornography, corruption and bring down the national and legitimate Governments control. After studying the ideas and remarks and behaviors after al-Qathafi Mahdavi book launch Mahdavi Quran 1990 statement shows us that it is not excluded that Mahdavi, kadhafi of Freemasonry. If this hypothesis the coup scenario Hosni Zaim in Syria in 1949 was in Libya in 1969. The newly emerged information confirms that Hosni Zaim was a creation of the Freemason, he was in contact with Israeli intelligence. We must emphasize that the dire movements in the Arab world are confidential unlike their peers in the West who do not mind to reveal the affiliation of this Assembly, many of them wearing a ring contains the logo of the Assembly and shake hands with the distinctive way.

During his testimony before the Court of the Lockerbie, Scotland, in September 2000, said Abdul Majeed gaakh a prosecution witness that al-Qathafi was involved in the main conspiracy Freemason, and when asked which defence counsel are urged to disclose the source of this information is the gaakh that her knowledge of people in Libya for security reasons could not reveal his name. (BIGGEST OF LIES)

The story of Mr. Ahmed Al-Zubair Ahmed Al-Sharif al-sanousi: human victim of …

The batch 33 (1954, 1957) since the date of establishment of the Military Academy and the second instalment to Iraq for twenty students of Libya 15 of Cyrenaica and 5 of Tripoli and Cyrenaica are: of fuzi and his brother Jalal her, Saleh and his brother Hassan al-Senussi, Jadallah Ajayi, Ramadan Graybeal, Siddharth, Ahmad Fawzi Falih Mohammed Hilal, Abdul Hameed Shahat, Al majri, Abdul Qadir Khalifa, Ahmed Al subai, Ahmed Al-senussi, Halim Saad, Mohammed Jibril mullet. Either group Tripoli were: al Nadim BENMOUSSA charity, Tarek Sarraj, successful and Suleiman Al-Faqih al-Tahir Hassan and visiting Fri Miloud Shaaban.

Halim mullet resigned to the difficulty of the training was borne by nineteen students went to College until graduation. But Libya refused to grant during graduation Ahmed Zubair senussi military rank and dismissed from the army for the King Idris did not at the time of graduation are satisfied with his local mosque for the murder of Mr. Mohammad mohieddin Sharif as-senussi of Mr. Ibrahim alshlhai maid and then in his fifth headmaster from October 1954 to Benghazi.

It is important that Iraq had admitted to his graduation and grade. King Faisal was sympathetic to King Idris did not satisfy its use to the army, which did not satisfy the join as an officer in the Iraqi army, and gave him some money from the college savings Foundation and traveled to Syria in 1957 after completing training in class Radioman (reference) and experience enables him to work. Syria was headed by quwwatli in early 1958 about openness to Egypt where he adopted many Arab issues.

Syria has learned that Ahmed Al-senussi is the Prince of the headquarters of the family and the grandson of Ahmed Snoussi, Mujahid and that stalker does not find work he created his army command in accordance with a civilian technician wireless devices, and the right to serve in the army branch near the outskirts of Mezzeh. Ahmed Zubair compartment found on the surface of a housing accommodation and continued to live his life in the closet and in his simple technician salary of 150 pounds per month. He lived on subsistence. During Libyan students return from vacation some travels across Lebanon and Syria Steamboat heading for Baghdad to some officers and affluent students visited and left him some money without feeling them, as his assistant.

Ahmed al-Zubayr continued in living up to the revolution of Iraq on 14 July 1958. And Abdul Latif al-daraji was ordered confidential was Interior Minister in the Government of Abdul Salam Arif then killing salisu in 1963, they summoned him after his message sent Ahmed al-Zubayr told him that he wanted to return to Iraq and join the army. And so he returned to Baghdad and given the rank of captain as his colleagues at the time, and they give him an apartment and they embraced him and felt safe and was promoted and worked in his field in phoning to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.

Ahmed al-Zubayr returned to Libya, and left what was, and was in Baghdad’s interest and attention, but so are the ingredients, and so was bad luck. And a few months after his return to his homeland until he and his brother Rashid accused of participating in a coup attempt, known as an attempt to “abiar” (27 January 1970) was among the defendants in the trial of three officers from Iraq, but two were from the same batch of Mr. Ahmed Khalifa Abdul Hamid Abdul Qadir al majri are who died as a result of torture and the third was Mohammed Ali Ahmed the fart. On May 17, 1972 the special military court headed by the execution of Mr. Ahmad fitouri, imprisonment and other provisions against the rest of the accused.

Mr. Rashid was released on 2 March 1988 as brother Mr. Ahmed was released on 27 August 2001, he remained in prison thirty-one-year-old Sabra calculated. Bringing the oldest prisoner in the world, according to estimates by Amnesty International amnesty is longer than that of Nelson Mandela in the prisons of racial discrimination in South Africa. And so was Ahmed al-Senussi, the self-righteousness of decent, good boy victim of malice in the Royal rulers of … And soldiers in kadhafi’s mass barbarism.

______________________

Margins:

1. News Libya: “return to piracy and blur the date” June 14, 2005.

2. the text of Mu’ammar al-Qathafi’s speech on 11 August 2005:

In the name of God. A 35-year anniversary of the biggest military bases demonstrated greater State.. We remind ourselves and the world that America had entered Libya by force and war and not to cite the entire Libyan people to prevent the occupation of land is dear, but entered the cool manner by the Government of corrupt agents and client King of shaddad prospects.. Mercenaries is. Families of outsider is not Arab home sold Libyan money because it is their homeland. So shame on those clients and their families the vile alien.

Since taking command of the great liberal bright day Libya ordered the foreign forces to leave, left on this day in. .. Because of the great Libyan people under the leadership of the great conqueror said the evacuation went to military training camps in preparation for the battle of liberation if not withdrawn those troops occupied. And we’ve designed to fight and we are ready for confrontation, the military withdrew without a fight.

To return to our land colonization again it is inevitable to make a reality of the armed people and makes sure the enemy himself. The people armed to defeat, let us resolve to make the Libyan territory become inflamed at the feet of any enemy even burn their feet no matter how powerful, is not a life without dignity.. And no dignity without freedom. And no freedom without force. “. No power without the people.. The force of armed people unbeatable.. Let us prepare men and women to defend the motherland always ensure and maintain general military training alternate armed people’s attendance.

Long live the people’s home front solid based on the power of the people and resolve to keep land pure. Libyan free. To prepare for martyrdom in the process if that let our motto always: freedom or death.. Victory or martyrdom.

Each year and you are good at. And every year you are victorious.

 

 

 

3. Dr. Armand Julius hammer us Jewish of Ukrainian origin. His father emigrated to America in 1890 where he established the American Communist Party in 1919. In 1956 he bought Armand Hammer company axidntal in the amount of one hundred and twenty thousand dollars, and now thanks to oil concession obtained as a result of the close relationship Omar Ibrahim alshlhai. In 1966 announced Hummer Christianity and joining the unified church (Unitarian Church) after he accused some Arab writers employment for Israel and the Jewish State funds!

4. to learn more about Dr. coastal biography please see Dr. Faraj star article: Dr. Ali al-Adib and coastal political site “Libya today”, 13 February 2005.

5. history of the Mujahid leader King Mohammed Idris al-Mahdi as-senussi had vomited a modest ascetic rule, outdated hand and tongue, never hear that oppression of one or of retaliation from his opponents, mchbta tolerant Islamic morals, taking national interest above all else.Characterize his blessed (1951 1969) with a fair amount of democracy and public freedoms, justice and equal opportunity and a tremendous amount of tolerance of … This parental tolerance is open the appetite of adventurers and clients and students of power and thieves.

After receiving the verdict came to the King some tribal leaders seeking retribution from their enemies than their compatriots who were saying: “AFFA bygones”. And prevent family members from the headquarters of the political positions, with the exception of diplomatic posts.

In the summer of 1949, refused to extradite three young ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood to Egyptian Government knocked the door seeking protection and AMA charged in murder nokrashy Pasha, and insisted that protect them as dictated by Islamic customs and authentic Arabic.

For more information about King Idris and the headquarters of the good family blessed reader can read the book “King Idris of Libya: his life and his times”, written by eBay. Dikandol, Manchester, 1989. The translation and publication of Muhammad Abduh Ibn ghalbon.

6. Colonel Ramadan Ben Salah from gharyan. He graduated from the Egyptian Military Academy in 1954. Man against patient and active.Included in the military even became Commander of the Royal Military College in Benghazi. Was little interest in politics, the military profession and hobby. His pride and Libya was chosen by fourteen Presidents attended the Summit King Arabic in 1964 to be the Group’s second Assistant to Smith. He was at the front of Jordan during the 1967 war and after the war several months resigned from standard Arabic and returned to Libya. But the Americans came and with them Lieutenant catty for efficient national officer is genuine Colonel Ben Salah Ramadan in prison.Because of the fear of men like Colonel Ramadan highly reputed beyond Libya as Ambassador to Czechoslovakia. After the mob crawls to the Libyan Embassy in the early 1980s, Colonel Ramadan returned to Libya to engage in business as a dealer of marble.

7. refusal of Prince Hassan senussi, humble, met this man engaging in plots against his people and his nation. He believed that the future of Libya must be in the hands of their children, they are able to carry out this responsibility. But the Americans upset Prince leanings and accused him of ignorance in matters of policy: “because he believes that Libya can manage their own without the help of America and Britain” (report from the u.s. Embassy in Tripoli to the Foreign Ministry to Washington on October 11 1968 bin Halim: Libya emitting nation.. and fall State p. 532).

Nor did they voiced broad to criticise Mr Tahir smelter Prince Prof. Ibrahim Mustafa Bakir mercy Scion House Science and honor, and definitely have not forgotten statements Bakir resounding during the Arab Summit in Cairo in 1964, and then served as Ambassador to Cairo, when he told reporters: “that Libya does not need American and British assistance, and can range from national merchants providing they pay for leased military bases.”

Akram Hassan has God’s satisfaction that he lived most of his days in freedom and safety amidst precious family in London and buried after his death in 1992 in the city of Medina near the Hazrat Muhammad PBUH and his and his companions may Allaah be pleased with them and by his uncle King Idris senussi, the late Mohammed.

8. the military angle school established in 1953 to produce batches of officers. He ordered Colonel Idris Abdullah school assisted by American and Iraqi officers. To engage with the school was not required for students to obtain a high school diploma and graduated from the school of the age of seventeen years. A study six months after graduating obtained the rank of second lieutenant. He joined the school of about forty young people from various regions of Libya, out of whom approximately thirty-five and the rest left the study. The school closed two years after its inception.

Graduates of the school corner:

Aziz shanib (Deputy Director of training later), Tarek Baroni (became Minister), gunner, Younis Ahmed, Mohammed bin Younis urban mismari, Mokhtar Ibrahim albenghazi, 5 Bldg, Osman Abbas, Youssef alkozlh, judge Abdullah Al Mansouri, Sulaiman Omar Khalifa, a Marian, Khalifa Al-Mahmoudi, Ahmed frigates, Ahmad Abdul Hameed alakori, a blind man, Abdullah halloumi, Abdullah, Hussein Al-Sharif, hamroush hosseinabadi, Mokhtar alghnay, Salim Jaffar, Amin Al-Abbar, alabbar, key key, Bashir Ahmed aliverni.

Bhagat joined torgoman and Tarek Adel Omar Saeed, pays tribute to the police service.

And noted my name is Colonel Yunis and Colonel Mokhtar Ibrahim albenghazi in the telegram sent by the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the American Embassy in Tripoli on 18 April 1968 (see above under hack). It is also noted that Colonel Mukhtar albenghazi was one of the few officers who called on Libyan television talk program “the testimony of history,” the late 1990s. The speakers usually list the facts and fiction that is her hero and sometimes his fellow free officers involved with him.

The rest of the graduates were six officers: Farhat Amari (Director of the Department of the army) and Salem ferjani (class infantry), lover and slave the the giver (military police command Meadow), and Abed Jadallah, the latyoush (the brother of Gen. sanousi latyoush), Khalil Abbar (Yawar General latyoush) and was with them a senussi shalluf one transport soldiers senussi, was charged with participating in an attempted coup in May 1962 and was to depart from the town of Prairie. This attempt was apparently in response to the disqualification of the sanussi latyoush (a senussi Liberation Army) from the post of Chief of staff in late 1961 and appointed in his place general Nuri buddy bin Ismail.

Addressed to the putschists loyal officers such as Omar and Ali al-Tahir and shenshen Fawzi her Ramadan Graybeal and others mostly from Iraq and foil the coup payments were arrested and imprisoned, but the coup King Idris before serving two years in prison asked Abdul Hamid bakoush then Justice Minister decreeing an amnesty. King was Anam on four officers who foil the coup by independence medal honor them.Sanussi was named latyoush, which did not have any role in the coup later Minister of transportation the Royal Covenant ministries.

9. General Nuri al-Siddiq Al-sanousi Liberation Army officer who helped with the allies in Italian and German troops defeat in Libya. The Chief of the army from 1962 to 1968, which is considered one of the best periods of the Libyan army. Faithful Commander was modest and forgiving a lover lmro’sih, however, has been firm on things that require packets.

And I recall saying: “and God that legs of 50 officers, if in a country and they registereded him for a figure of?” this was praise Salah alhenshiri pilot officer. This story is as follows:

Salah Arif alhenshiri of Libyan and brightest pilots. A graduate of Egypt in 1954. He was a brave and perhaps graea so foolhardy, almost time to lose his life when his plane crashed into a fishing boat mast. It was a fun we stayed here during Eid and loved by all. Although seniority remained coach of aviation and this does not bother him, but he says: “my freedom is better than take responsibility for aviation.”

In late December 1966 and without permission from a pilot flew his plane-single-engine (whether Egypt had donated to Libya) to London to attend the new year in Trafalgar Trafalgar Square! Entered British airspace without permission or passport in an atmosphere clouded. He was allowed to land at a small airport’s control tower said: “I’m Jay brought Christmas you have.” He was taken to a police station and made sure of his identity and told the Libyan authorities apologized. Salah was allowed to stay for one night and was able to attend a new year’s ceremony at Trafalgar, accompanied by a police officer in English. When he returned to Libya the next day was arrested at Tripoli airport and sentenced to 10 days detention barracks and delayed his promotion to Colonel provider. However, it praised Gen. Nouri to the courage and audacity friend lover liberty pilot Salah alhenshiri.

10. Colonel alshlhai flight after the 1967 war directly on a military aircraft to Egypt, Syria and Jordan. Accompanied on this trip by Dr. Ahmed albosty, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Solomon urban pilot. Colonel alshlhai took with him four cheques worth 55 million Libyan pound equivalent at that time of million. Ladder 25 million for Egypt on behalf of the armed forces and 15 million for Syria Baath party and 10 million for Jordan in the name of the Royal Court, as requested by the heads of the States and 5 million handed over to PLO Chairman Ahmed Al-shuqairi as PLO Colonel alshlhai commented: “I wished that all the checks went to Nasser”.

11. in addition to the key role the Mustafa Mahdavi game in advancing a liberal unionists and their officers in September 1969, the movement has the oldest 1990 published a book called “the Qur’an” offering cash for basic Islamic principles and beliefs, given untimely since it’s right Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) in the news and legislation. I’ve wanted Mahdavi to be written statement in the Qur’an as the “Green Book” religion and substitute the known Islamic schools. Mahdavi has not denied his relationship with officers of the Liberal unionists in one of its responses to what was written by the brothers Hassan and Hussein Abdul Hamid angular this site (I b o News 11 February 2006) include:

“… And as for my relationship with the Liberal unionists, the officers said nothing to me them I usual disclaimers apply them if their relationship like me don’t like to pretend nothing was my guide, and I’m not saying everything is commander says does not say everything I say but we draw from one school is a school where the Qur’an identified everything and no two men in one school but even their hearts. ”

It does not hide the existence of consensus is not in defense of the Qu’ran and Sunnah in the demolition and replacement of God’s law whims. But for the grace of God and other Libyans on the religion of the charm and resolved our catastrophe was ominous but God’s blessings. And it raises the slogan “Qu’ran law society” only to mislead (BULL) and confuse (BULL) and corrupt the faith of people (BULL). Mahdavi has confirmed in writing what many of they repeat him about Colonel al-Qathafi’s position of the Sunnah. Mahdavi said of one of his interlocutors: “he should pray prayer Quran with his peers in Egypt, and if one prays behind an ASR or saw Morocco, for example, that he intends to two rak’ahs for enforcement, brought to Sulaymaniyah is related to God!”

Examples of what Mahdavi and disciples believe in trying to promote and publish among our people and our Islamic nation and that is documented in the book the Qur’an as follows:

· The Qur’an explain each other requires no statement from either anecdotal awalamlih year or other views of scholars and exegetes.
· To pray two rak’ahs only and that prayer does not limit travel, but in fear, and if taken up be one rak’ah, and does not require reciting al-Faatihah in the prayer.
· The wet dreams do not require washing, wind and the fart does not invalidate wudoo ‘.
· Women must pray and to fast is menstruating, the patient may not do tayammum.
· A Muslim must fast for the night and did not solve his breakfast at sunset.
· There is a certain amount of Zakat money to be manifest and not when Zakat, but in some cases such as zakaah Al-zuroo ‘ wa’l-they come to harvest.
· The Hajj may be taboo, and does not require that the Pilgrim stands at ‘ Arafah ninth day of Dhul Hijjah, the Jamaraat on me is a monument that which Allaah has revealed its Sultan.
· Circumcision is not in Islam.
· Lard is halal.

Miracles Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) that akhbran things will be signed, and alerted the people of bid’ah and fancies and its deniers will come after him. The brave Ben is distressed; may Allah be pleased with him said: the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him: “is about a man reclining on his couch in an interview from fresh, it says: you and us the book of God, what we found when we regard as lawful him Halal and Haram harmnah was found, but the wife of the Messenger of Allah as Allah has forbidden.”

Abu Rafi, may Allah be pleased with him said: the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him: “no one reclining on his couch Alvin come case, ordered or discouraged him, saying: I don’t know, what we found in our book of Allah.”

Mahdavi denies that has nothing to do with Victoria College, based in Alexandria, Egypt, but he studied for several months as a child. But note that among close friends graduates of the College are known in Libyan society with their antics and foolish actions some had held high positions in the State. And in time become one (it is rumored that the Masonic lodge) consultant to major Abdul Salam aglod a symbol of repression, terrorism and corruption in Libya before God and be tamed by restraining sufficient Libyans voracious God of tutoring sessions and wronged and hurt their fellow Libyans like Eng Azzedine alhenshiri (national security adviser) and attach some oppressors some of what they earn. ” (WAHABI ethics !!)

The Libyans have decried (who says they have??) what was authorized in matters of religion and the blatant assault on the Sunnah and the imams and Muslim scholars falsified the Libyan and Islamic history. (UGH!) The Sheikh Mohammed Abdul-salam albosty, Mufti Sheikh Taher Ahmed Zaoui response to “kadhafi’s fabrications”. (really?–Mu’ammar al-Qathafi purifies the faith from the barnicales added on to it by men. Sorry you are wrong and al-Qathafi is right unto Allah.) Sheikh angular sometimes prays Friday prayer at a mosque Palace to Palace Mole in Tripoli behind Imam Mohammed albosty, was of the two martyrs mosque goers Rashid cabar, Lotfi amkik. It was also Colonel Abdul Aziz mosque goers al-Shlhai may be witness to the following incident.

After the prayers were Sheikh angular stands and talks about some of the things that were of concern to the Libyans, criticizing sometimes unfair decisions such as the ‘rape’ of al-Qathafi of property ‘defined by law No. 4 of 1978’.  (THIS IS ALL EVIL PROPAGANDA !) In a 1979 collection before Khatib ascent platform rose Sheikh angular said his Richard: “I want to tell you the word … al-Qathafi said. Faithless faithless faithless! “and then sat down. After this serious Sheikh and fatwa to fierce ‘hostile’ campaign by al-Qathafi and revolutionary committees but the Mujahid Sheikh despite his age, is born in 1890 stood up and did not yield the “right to speak out boldly and courageously. However, since each point in the ways to express was forced to resign from the Dar Al-IFTA late in 1984 and stayed at his home in Republic Street to turn to the Almighty God’s mercy on 6 March 1986.

12. Royal Military College was founded in 1957 and based in Benghazi Al Palace. Began to teach Iraqi officers and graduates of other payments, the two-year period. She graduated annually between 35 to 50 officers until the coup of 1969. Muammar al-Qathafi is a graduate of the seventh installment (1963, 1965).

About the genesis of the Libyan army

The date of 9 August 1940 is the beginning of the founding of the Libyan army. It took the British eighth army which was fighting the axis of Italians and Germans, I need to join the paramilitaries with the fighting and be his convoys as background lines used by army Warrior, with civilians or livelihoods or secure logistics bases to choose some elements with the efficiency of training and to be among the Allied soldiers who had joined me eighth army to participate in the liberation of their homeland from the Italian occupation.

The British leadership agreed and representative Colonel Bramley with Prince Idris sanousi using elements of Libyan immigrants residing on Egyptian territory and later by prisoners serving big hill and captured the British army at the end of 1940 in Sidi Barrani to be the nucleus of the Libyan army and the army was called the cleats or army Senussi. And open training camp with the pyramid at km 9 on the pyramid plateau on Cairo-Alexandria desert highway. Still a monument to the founding of the shrine so far.

Among the men who train or assist in the formation of this army: Hussein Al-Faqih, Joseph swehli on Richie, Hamid Abbar, senussi latyoush, Omar-shanib, Nuri buddy bin Ismail, Shams al-Din al-sanussi, Idris Al-Issawi, Mahmoud bokoitin, Abdullah bokhirallh, aljazira, Hamad Idris Abdullah, Jibril Saleh, Salim Abed Rabbo, Saad shamateh, good pussy, the aviary, scorpionulatomic, Salih latyoush, malani Seif El Nasr, Ibrahim Ahmed Al-senussi, the scarf, and key was lgmiam and other Mujahideen in honor of contribution in the establishment of the Constitution and the law.

The army began training and then join with the allies at the battles of El Alamein and then Alliance in a rush behind the Italian and German remnants by retreating even entered Cyrenaica in the dash even free Tripoli in January 1943. The soldiers and officers of the defence force and the mobile force Central Tripoli and Libyan army the new kernel. In 1951 a group of army officers sent the senussi to Britain for his recovery and for language acquisition. When Libya gained independence on 24 December 1951, the Libyan Government began to establish army and send military missions abroad and established a military school in 1953 in the corner for a quick batch of graduate officers until the return of envoys abroad.

Initially given command of the army of the English officer and then in 1954, the Libyan Government has chosen Saudi Iraqi army training where assigned to the best items including General thanks Nadeem (1954, 1956) and then Gen. Adel your willing (1956, 1958) and then major general Sobhi Abdul Hamid (1958) and other officers including Colonel Ahmed Shahab Nuri and pigment. Stop assigning Iraqi officers after the 1958 revolution in Iraq, and they were all efficient and leaving behind an army coup toppled its perfect and he and they are still in their most productive Summit.

At the beginning of 1955 was an army may be Libya, but small in size and numbers about 2,000 soldiers and officers. And then the Royal Military College opened in Benghazi in 1957. Joining the army was voluntary (5) years and a maximum of 7 years, and in 1968 began Libya take a system of conscription by years of birth from 18 years of compulsory schooling for every young person to serve in the army of one to three years. Despite the lack of resources has established several schools for education and logistics support (transport, simple, infantry, artillery, engineering, mechanical engineering and field shields) and the Navy in 1963 and in 1964 and an air defense unit in 1968. Thus, his army continued the number to about 350 officers and about 10,000 until 1 September 1969 when supporting the coup.

13. wonder what former Libya Prime Minister Mustapha Ben Halim, a veteran politician, in his book “Libya emitting nation.. And the fall of the State “(Germany, 2003) that Western intelligence services were not aware of kadhafi as junta movement, although the writing is full of evidence that confirms the existence of extensive contacts between the US Embassy and the military and civilian clients the Libyans (Supplement No. 8 pp. 508-513). Not only that but the September coup planners of the Americans also wanted to “extend the influence of the American secondary education and secondary education!” (P. 510 512)

And we also said bin Halim that he contacted the eight senior Americans and Englishmen who denied all of their relationship by September 1969, knowing that the great powers of the non-disclosure of any role in regime change. And it was only to ask Mustafa Mahdavi who has all the answers. We assert that Western officials and Americans in particular are part of the trick, the important lesson Americans learned after a failed 1974 coup d ‘ état in Syria led by Hosni Zaim on March 30 1949, which lasted only four and a half when Sami Al-Hinnawi, Brigadier capsizing were executed and buried in leader Hosni cemetery, France.

It is perplexing in the writings of Mustafa Ben Halim defense ambassadors David Newsome, Joseph Palmer on the Gaddafi regime during their meeting with President Richard Nixon (President of America from 1969 to 1974) at the White House in the presence of Richard Helms, Director of Central Intelligence while saying at the same one: “Mr. President, Libya was a coup and have 30 years of cooperation and understanding with the Libyan regime new … “(Ibid, p. 411)

Is plotted the September coup ambassadors without the knowledge of the Administration? Do you hide it from the CIA? So for the benefit of Mustafa Mahdavi works which had always declared that works for the Americans and America want change in Libya and it’s since the late 1966 as noted in detail previously found insufficient range bound and that it agreed with them on all issues, including the evacuation of its bases and supply weapons to the putschists?

As did bin Halim tells us in the Bible (the book is “folded pages of the history of Libya’s political” Britain 1992) why the sudden trip to Benghazi where Mahdavi and Gaddafi on 22 August  1969, leaving her on August 25 directly to Beirut and then to Zurich.

In conclusion, it is taken to Mustapha Ben Halim did not inform the authorities and especially the loyal friend of King Idris was planning the Americans walmhdoi. There are many prominent former officials in the Government who interpret its silence and silver party was plotted in secret that defiance on its nemesis, Colonel Abdul Aziz alshlhai and thwart the efforts of alshlhai to power.

14. Edward said from the Western mountain, Delgado graduate school corner was transferred to the military police (Federal Police) and then worked in one of the oil companies. After leaving Libya acted as Advisor to the ruler of Oman, Sultan Qaboos from 1970 to 1981. When you stay in America was reluctant on his old CIA Special Colonel James krchvild (former Director of the Middle East by any any) and General Joseph kabochi. One guard at the time a customer already at the Agency named Felix Rodriguez, one of the major players in the “contras” led by Colonel Oliver North, under President Ronald Reagan (President of America from 1981 to 1989)

And striking attention Edward by Libyan opposition. It was working for another party or is the awakening of conscience and atonement for the sins of his people and his country? During the 1980s was in contact with the Libyan opposition figures was the communications pass through a friend who was from Libya on coup leader Abdel monem Hun coup led former Council member and head of the Libyan national salvation and then finally the Permanent Representative of Libya Arabic League these contacts culminated in the convening of a meeting of 18 Libyan figure from various opposition factions in Cairo Edward farm on 25 November 1986.

In January 1988, led distributed national front for the salvation of Libya to its members a 45 page came up on page 12, including the following:

· The salient element and important, which hosted a “meet the farm” Gaddafi’s intelligence reporting on some of the movements of the clandestine front (the summer of 86) and by a certificate and other notable items that attended the meeting.

· A link to one of the most important elements of the “meet the farm” and calling for a mechanism with Israeli intelligence, and seeking to arrange a meeting between Libyan figures.

As stated in the preceding paragraphs cannot say who is a spy and who was in contact with Mossad and may be the same person in two paragraphs. Certainly, who hosted the meeting was Edward exited the meeting invitations from Cairo on behalf of Abdel Moneim Hun.

Edward died in Switzerland on 3 November 2003, leaving behind a fortune estimated in 1990 at about billion.

15. when the arrested Mousa Ahmed al-Gaddafi sent a polite officer Raed Abdel monem Hun to the detainee to meet with the President and members of the military court of looking for old issues to Moussa Ahmed with the issues considered. It was a deliberate intention to liquidate completely. They file a case to the facts in the Sabha in 1968 when Moussa Ahmed associate is the battalion there was a dispute between him and the battalion command Abdullah halloumi (graduate school corner) and a small officer named altamzini.

And the facts of this case al-Tamzini Lieutenant Moussa Ahmed exploits focused on taking cement to Sebha airport company that builds a Bulgarian company and was its agent elhady Hamouda. Having discussed the issue before the Tribunal the Court refused to accept the case of vexatious and that cement is a cement corrupt lying beyond the company of its taking Musa Ahmad for the rebuilding of some places in the unit were acquitted Moussa Ahmed and Lt. altamzini. And disappointed kadhafi did not find what owed by Musa Ahmed.

16. and of inhumane practices during the coup by the Libyan authorities in the 1970s with kadhafi ordered the removal of the mosque and the mausoleum of Sidi Hamouda in martyrs ‘ square in Tripoli and was torn down at night with explosives. It followed the demolition of the shrine of Sheikh Omar al Mukhtar martyrs here in downtown Benghazi and the transfer of his remains, despite the objection of his son Mohammed, and buried in a remote small town suluq… We saw then how do I become a mausoleum of Mohammed abouminyar al-Gaddafi’s father, moamer kadhafi in Tripoli Hani cemetery a place as official State ceremonies for the official delegations coming to Libya.

On 9 August 1984 issued orders to demolish the shrine of Imam Mohamed Bin renovated the senussi (1787-1859) the headquarters of the reform movement’s founder blessed founder found of modern Libya. Given that the officer’s cousin Hassan forms where he dug up the tomb and the tomb of his son Mohammad Al-jaghbub, Libya angle. Also exhumed the graves of my grandson Imam Mohammed and Mohammed, Mr. Safi al-Din, as well as the tomb of the Imam’s son-in-law, Amran Ahmed Ben Barka. And in “our mothers” attached to the mausoleum of Mr. Imam raking Tomb two wives and 10 of his grandchildren (the children of Mr. Muhammad al-Mahdi, son of Imam Muhammad Al-Sharif) who died young. All human remains buried in an unknown location, as the bodies of Imam and his son Mohammed Sharif was put in a military vehicle and throws in the desert near the town of Ajdabiya.

A few days after the bodies were found a Mr. Imam and his son Muhammad El-Sharif and were in normal condition any thought it was they disengage from the murder told the police that the transfer of the bodies to the morgue in the city of New York where it was identified. When the command to Muammar Gaddafi sent urgent military vehicle to transport the bodies the clean in the direction of the city of Tripoli. And rumour has it that they buried in Bab Al-aziziya military camp. At the same time and in the graveyard attached to Sidi rafaa Al-Ansari in white exhumed the graves of distinguished local mosque demolition Mr. Saddik’s Tomb and the tomb of Ibrahim sanousi alshlhai.

After a year and two weeks of horrendous has done one good forms, was killed by his cousin Muammar Gaddafi inside the Bab Al-aziziya military camp “as well as pay some oppressors some of what they earn.”

And of those inhuman practices was Sheikh Abdul Rahman aladulay born in Tripoli in 1943 from an average family case. The sight is young. His father’s view of God’s mercy for religious education, until he went out of his way to study in Institute Ahmed Pasha religious object in the dahra in Tripoli. After graduation he was appointed a teacher of Islamic religion in the public schools. He was a pious, good manners, mild-mannered moasher. Sheikh Abdul Rahman was arrested in March 1980 in the campaign against the mosque in Tripoli where Palace was Sheikh Mohammed albosty cast mwaadah and religious lessons, without charge him imprisoned Sheik Abdul Rahman for four years. After his release from prison was forced to return to work in the field of teaching for livelihood dependents.

In 1989, he was taken back to the Shaykh and he remained eleven years without any specific charge him, but during interrogation one was heard saying to his colleague: “this old thing, the mvic Lech amkhlinh here!” in 2003 retired Shaikh Abdulrahman from teaching.

During the events of Abu Salim prison in June 1996 killed Sheikh Saad kiton was also blind. The Arab media has ignored global ignore talk about the horrible massacre at Abu Salim claimed the lives of more than 1,000 Libyan prisoners were buried in mass graves in private.

17. Paradoxically imprisoned Sheikh and Abdul Hamid Abbar bridges Knight companion Sheikh Omar al Mukhtar martyrs after the coup of September 1969. It was while in prison that he means: “If Mr. Amor (Omar Mukhtar intended) neighborhood was with us at haldoerh! (That is with us in a prison).

18. We trust sources close to Sheikh abdelhmidalabar King Idriss wrote a will leaving the Government of Colonel Abdulaziz alshlhai, has done four copies of wills: one to a friend the King Almighty political Mahmud Muntasser, who if successful alshlhai in control, will be Prime Minister..And another copy of the House key and the arikib Sheikh abdulhameed Al-Abbar, Chairman of the Senate and to the age of alshlhai. But wind comes evryone had leaked information about the advice given to us who ordered the coup planners the urgency of a 1974 coup d ‘ état of oriented mstfedin Colonel al-Shlhai.

19. the Libyan Government sent two batches of students studying at the Military Academy in Egypt. I graduated the first batch (batch of Czech weapons) in 1954 and graduated second in 1956 and consisted of twelve officers, officers and alumni are: Mohammed Amer, Saleh bin Taher subeihi, carp, Ahmed bin Fayed, Hussein Al-farajani, Abdulaziz alshlhai, Tahar bugaighis, key albah, m. Tomé, saadeddin aboshoerb, Nuri zrikan, Mahmoud bin Naji, Abdullah swissi, Hassouna Ashour, Awn Rhouma penthouse, Saleh Al-azabi, Abdul Salam alshakshoki, Ramadan Tahar Ben Salah, Shanshan, who died shortly after his graduation in a car accident. and there were individual payments to Egypt: Salah alhenshiri (aviation), Muhammad Ibn Naji (which was free of incident) and Anwar Salem (freely), the latter refused to join the Navy and turned to work as a civilian.

20. Although existing legislation at the time prohibited foreign military marriages however, Colonel Hussein al-Farajani married American lady that she and pronounced the certificate in the Office of the Mufti of Libya in 1963. Colonel Abdulaziz alshlhai is also married his brother’s widow, Lady English was the late busiri.

21. in 1952 the first batch sent to Iraq and included five students, four of them graduated, and they were the first class to graduate from the army, three infantry and one artillery, they are: mohieddin Al-Massoudi (artillery), a father flew him Friday, krayem, Mustafa alkritli (infantry).But their colleague, Mohamed alkoug, died by drowning in the Tigris River before graduating. Then I started coming payments to Iraq. It sent four successive missions in years, 54, 55, 56 and 1957. The duration of study is three years, with the exception of batch 36, followed by training after graduation. We mentioned above names members of batch 33 (1954, 1957), which was the largest payments sent abroad are employees of other payments:

Batch 34 (1955 1958)
Age of shenshen, Mukhtar Ahmed, Mohammad nadir, the fart, Mustafa abozakok and Joseph pepper.

Batch 35 (1956, 1959)
Sarah Hamann, Ibrahim Rashid, Abdul Hadi Baccouche, Yusuf Toumi Al-shaibani, whatever promises nothing except itself:, Salem Al-Sharif, the aloukli, Ismail SIDDIQUE, Tahar Al-Shawish, Mekki Abu Zaid.

Batch 36 (1957, 1959)
The members of the majority holding undergraduate certificate and was supposed to become Deputy officers and then three years later obtain officer rank, but after graduation have been awarded officer causing revolt within the army. They were trained on the weapon, but for self-defence and State of supply and storage, finance and supply any extensions and the last batch of Iraq and recent graduates are:
Sadiq nasov, a trickster, Nuri al-Aradi, Mustafa Nuri, Mokhtar aldouki, bianda, Saleh Abdul Hafeez, Abdul Hameed mdord, Juma Thrones and the key to an outsider.

In addition to payments of Egypt and Iraq, prior to the opening of the Royal Military College in Benghazi in 1957, sent a group of students for training in Turkey: the Abu Bakr alsklei (artillery), Farhan Vytautas (shields), Mohammed Haman (flight engineer), Tahar alhasomi (aviation) and Mansour Bader (freely)

22. Col. Salih al-sanousi alumnus batch 33 Iraq in 1957. Get degrees staff from Britain. Was characterized by serious and continuous learning.Before the September coup was a infantry battalion in derna. After the coup, imprisoned for several days, far beyond an Ambassador to Congo, and then as Ambassador to Jordan and Iraq. Summoned to Libya in 1981 while his Iraqi friends advice not to return to that kadhafi would not forgive him I did where the prison without trial for seven years for burning images insulting to Arab head of State to the late President Anwar Sadat in the chimney of the Libyan Embassy in Baghdad he was sent with one of his acolytes. And Colonel Gaddafi’s expulsion of Envoy and asked him to return immediately from where it came and allows him to stay one night in Baghdad. After his release from prison in Colonel Saleh to Egypt where he remained that passed away in July 1996.

23. pilot Fathi Taher had escaped with a 33-led teammate Captain pilot key Ahmed sharief ferjani airport Hassi Messaoud in Algeria in early March 1967 in order to participate in the war dadasrael in 1967, the Government of President Houari Boumediene, delivered with his colleague to the Libyan authorities ten days after their escape! Has been sentenced by a special military court to five years in prison and out of the army. In 1970 convicted Capt. sharief key involvement in the attempted coup d ‘ état led by Colonel Adam Al-haoaz, and imprisoned for eighteen years.
24. He was in favour of shot of the most enthusiastic backers of the coup d ‘ état of September but over time become aware of some of the tricks and secrets of the coup d ‘ état which authorizes one of his friends visited him at his home in February 1987 that he decided to go to Cairo, where he was a member of the Federal Parliament and will not return to Libya because he cheated on kadhafi. On Wednesday 21 February 1981 Israeli warplanes shot down Sinai Libyan Boeing carrying valid shot taken with him on the plane a large sum of money as about half of his fortune in Libya.

_______________________________________________________________________________________

(SECOND TRANSLATION):

I return thanks to God and the infinite writing of this outstanding national platform after treatment and recreation trip lasted for several months was successful, thank God, and ask God to me and you continued wellness and well-being in this world and the hereafter.

The purpose of the review and update of this research is to provide more information and evidence, and important clues about the backgrounds of the “officers Alouhdwon Liberals” in Light in September 1969 revealed the close relationship that existed before the coup and then strengthened beyond with foreign bodies and personalities suspicious or with suspicious relationships external forces . Among the most important and most serious of these figures is the judge and jurist Mustafa Mahdoa.

Provide

Met essay writer Faraj key secrets and mysteries military coup, which was launched from Benghazi at second on Monday morning light in September 1969, which was published on the news site in Libya May 29, 2005 attracted unrivaled by readers. This is reflected in the number of readings recorded amounting to nearly 14 thousand read.
Contemporary author of the article that important event, a witness to a lot of positions and the facts that told by them. The deviation was keen to set up an elaborate scientific and research, thereby catering for accuracy and fairness in the presentation of the facts and the facts as the grapes personally.
Also keen writer on information from major sources and avoid the transfer of novels without validated and adopted in the majority of what has been written on what he saw or heard directly or transferred from the original sources.
After the publication of the first article we received inquiries and clarifications on several points Ahlnaha a writer who has graciously-reviewed and taken into account. It also favors adding new information on a great deal of importance in the context of the subject.
Because of the vulnerability of the writer ill, as long as several months, has been delayed preparation of this revised version of whipped. Taking call him a full recovery and continued good health and wellness and longevity are pleased to publish the article, plus the words and images of the figures mentioned by some published for the first time. And an increase in interest and contribution in recording the history of Libya, documented and provide correct information for future generations.
Perhaps the publication of this article historical documentaries have an incentive to Libyan figures other contemporaries of that period, and may have contributed to making events or was a witness it, to take the initiative in writing and to shed light on more of these events and facts circular of interest and complete the picture.
News Libya 31 August 2006

The enormous popularity drew the attention of the reader Libyan our article on the initial terms of the number of readings from 13 thousand to read.Also spotted reaction devices Libyan regime, of his attempts to destroy the site, “News Libya” for publishing the article (1), to what was on the lips of Colonel Gaddafi in his speech on June 11, 2005 in memory of the exit of American forces from Libya. (2)

The information and facts that have become today’s accessible to researchers and historians, which reveal some of them in this article, make scientific integrity and historical review of the merits and circumstances and facts that have been implemented in which the process of Light in September 1969, and to identify the role of international and regional powers and local therein, or the extent of adoption and support her after that succeeded.

We have proved that the information published since the establishment of the movement in September 1969 military coup that was not a surprise to many political and military figures inside Libya and some international observers and international powers, especially the United States of America. It also showed that the success of the coup was not for the reasons and objective factors exchange but that certain conditions and anomalies, and several parties have contributed to facilitate the control of the movement of young officers on the reins of power in the country without bloodshed or armed clashes.

I’ve seen many writers and historians of them Libyans in particular that the involvement of the Libyan armed forces in a military coup against the monarchy stable at the time was an adventure unnecessary and unjustifiable, and some of them went on to say as a “conspiracy of American Freemasonry and Zionism but also”! Has been keen in this article is to provide the facts and the facts and circumstances, novels and link them with precision and objectivity. I hope my brothers employees of the armed forces, which perhaps was the first victim and the victim bulk of the New Testament reflect on what came in this article and examine themselves and their attitudes towards the nation and the citizens, and aware of the lessons order to avoid involvement in more adventures and disasters that do not please them to our beloved country any good.

I’ve been the past three decades years trials and scrutiny of all Libyans … civilian and military, rulers and ruled alike. The time has come to unite the ranks of the loyal people of this country and renounce what the differences between them and the differences and arm themselves with science and faith and hard work and mastery of what pleases Allah and His Messenger .. and not let despair and pessimism way to them. This is not a habit believers, and Nasrallah is coming to the oppressed and rights holders inevitably will deliver the customer and the darkness of their punishment, and the reunion will meet and will return, God willing, smile, love, and the rights of people throughout our beloved country.

Greetings to all souls and hearts of living of our people, patient and preach the oppressors and the corrupt end of the tent will not be served in its response to the millions and billions stolen from the treasury of the Libyan people and deposited with the names of their children, relatives and grandchildren in seven countries, not special forces or even military cells dormant in Austria and Canada.

A tribute to the martyrs and the righteous activists in prison, and a tribute to the scientists and judges who fought and are still standing up to injustice and oppression and slander and misinformation. Greetings to all honorable fighters in Libya inside and outside …

This article is dedicated to the masses of the Libyan people at large and for future generations, and we hope to be, God willing, a step on the right path in the history of the coup in September 1969, and please brothers readers refer to the article from time to time has been augmented by new information, with the correction of mistakes, if any .. and we hope everyone has a comment or a piece of information or a copy of it can be seen that enrich the article Filipader sent to us and we’ll be happy to add to the article. May Allah reward you
Key Faraj

Read

This historic document is dedicated to the great freedom fighter, Mr. Zubair Ahmed al-Sanusi, who tasted the bitterness of forced exile and solitary confinement and thirty-one-year-old, then he deserves aptly be described as a Libyan Nelson Mandela.

Initially

In Thursday of the month of February 1962 asked Chief of Staff of the Libyan army brigade Nouri Siddiq bin Ismail from the office manager to bring the President of Occidental Petroleum American Armand Hammer (3) (1898, 1990) from the airport to lightning near the city of Casablanca and then took him to the Peace Palace Btabriq to interview King Muhammad Idris al-Sanusi.

Hammer attended, and was in charge of a special assignment from the administration of President John F. Kennedy, by private jet from the Greek island of Crete, accompanied by a secretary. In the Peace Palace was greeted at the back door of the palace Bosairy Alhalaha Ibrahim (died in a car accident in 1964 at the age of thirty-three years), headmaster of private property and the coastal Dr. (4), President of the Royal Court. Hammer was wearing a big hat and wearing heels like cowboy boots.

Dragged Bosairy home to the second floor to meet King Mohammed Idris Muhammad Mahdi al-Sanusi (5) (1890, 1983) and as long as the interview about two hours and a half, and then returned the Hummer to the airport for the Lightning and boarded a plane departing the country and the clock was referring to the one after midnight.

After several days he met Ali coastal friend of his at a cafe on the Tira near the city of Prairie and told him what was in that interview, he said: began (Armand Hammer) Talking to him on the King and then offering him requests, saying: Aamolana, during the past three months, ever since the beginning of the Export of petroleum, became you balance a fair amount of hard currency, and will increase with the days either up the price or increase the pumping .. That is why our government (America) ask Your Majesty to Taksamua of Msthakatkm ratio as well as the (set) cents to help poor countries in Africa, will not affect your income.

King’s response was clear and unequivocal reminding him several points transferred adviser Dr. King. Awni Dajani to Hammer saying:
First, our country is in the first phases of construction and reform has begun in the plan of development and housing.
Second: I’ve been hit Libya more than any other country because of Italian colonization by the right side of the destruction of the facilities because of the battles took place on its territory.
Third, there are some Arab countries have supported us are the first days of our plight assistance.
Fourth: FB poverty of Africa and loot its wealth and taking their children as slaves?
Fifth: If we think in this matter it is necessary to be submitted to Parliament, such as the Congress with you.

When he heard the descent of peace Hummer coastal says: “This country does not need Congress, we want one person reach an understanding with him.” The coastal comment to his friend in a cafe on the Tira: “I’m afraid of God and the last word of this, they may afford some sort coup for us, the American states are crazy.”

Here are the years go by and achieves the ruling regime in Libya requests America and the Jewish Armand Hammer fully and increase, and puts the potential of the Libyan treasury at the disposal of American policy in Africa, and perhaps the most recent of which was last April when he ordered Colonel Gaddafi to allocate five billion dollars spent on investment projects in Africa without consulting the “parliament” or “people of the year” or even “Congress.”

Commissioned Gaddafi both officer Ahmed Ramadan Alosabaa (secretary pen commander (and Mohammed Hussein Yas oversee the distribution of these funds. Gaddafi does not do this out of love for Africa or Africans, but to appease America and Defiance in the Libyan people, and Tohma him it builds a superpower its name “United States of Africa “I will focus is the first president of the extent of his life.

We can only mention here a noble attitudes and supervisor of King Idris and the Libyan government and that was during the Arab Summit Conference in Cairo in January 1964 when donated to Libya in the amount of 55 million pounds for the war effort Arab annually, while donated Arabia in the amount of 40 million pounds and Kuwait in the amount of 15 million pounds . President Gamal Abdel Nasser in very pleasing, causing him to propose that the Libyan officer and member of the Libyan delegation at the Summit Colonel Ramadan Mustapha Ben Salah (6) A aides team Ali Ali Amer, commanding general of the leadership of the Unified Arab fellow team Moneim Riad, chief of staff of the Egyptian army in after. Riad cited the team on Sunday, March 9th, 1969 as he watched the progress of his own battles on the front of the Suez Canal.

Recruitment

After the interview Armand Hammer of King Idris, and after that failed America in swaying Crown Mr. Hassan Rida al-Sanusi (7) (1928 1992) during his visit to America in October 1962, which lasted a full month, began the CIA looking for her clients in the middle of civil and military. I’ve been to America three main objectives in the Middle East:

First, trapping the Communist tide and eliminate it after Britain trimmed its forces and influence in the region, especially after the Suez war of 1956
The second is to ensure the flow of oil.
And third: to ensure the survival and the superiority of the Zionist entity in Palestine.

In order to achieve these objectives dedicated American effort to establish governments have condemned the extension in the region. After the discovery of oil in April 1959, Libya became a target of American dominance and ambitions.
Initially focused on the intelligence and the American Embassy, ​​led by Ambassador David Newsome (who served as ambassador from October 1965 to June 1969) officers School graduates corner Military (8) and some officers Brigades Tripoli, mostly with the rank of captain or pilot, and opened them to the gate airport navigation (Wells) in Tripoli that established several bars and discotheques was the most famous bar Crazy Horse (Crazy Horse) where it goes officers of the army and police for drinking alcohol and Babysitting girls.

The more drinks offered to attendees for free or at nominal prices page. And planted among the pioneers of the officers of those places clients Arabs, mostly Palestinians. All this in order to keep tabs on and choose from them fit for the cooperation and support. But American authorities shook hands for those officers after they realized that most of them are not fit for the task.

Caused the issue of frequency officers Libyan airport navigation disturbing and intense concern for the brigade Nuri al-Siddiq bin Ismail 9 Chief of Staff of the Libyan army, he issued a decree at the beginning of 1962 was distributed to the camps to prevent the officers from frequenting bars. Also instructed military intelligence to monitor entrances to the base and restricting visitors to the airport from the Libyan military, especially those who frequent the concerts benders.

 

 

Shortly after officers discovered surveillance led submitted Naseeruddin Hamann deputy head of military intelligence and the intelligence official in Tripoli, many things have raised suspicion and skepticism. Three of the Libyan officers have resigned from the army and received jobs at the base.

Successful Americans in the recruitment of four officers from the ranks of small while in America to attend the training sessions, and failed, mostly in the practical test such as Nuri Shaalan (This is code-named for the CIA) and is known Pthorh and his love for the appearance, which revealed the Egyptian intelligence with ease in July 1966 while in Cairo on a mission naive to collect information for the CIA. Upon arrival at the airport in Benghazi from Cairo Shaalan rushed to General Nuri al-Siddiq, who was chief of staff at the airport at the time to receive the Turkish Chief of Staff and tell him the details of what he was doing in Cairo, supposing that the officers gathered at the airport were waiting for him to catch it. Shaalan made a full confession about his mission and was sentenced to one year’s imprisonment and the output from the army.

The Americans continued their attempts to find from achieving their desires in Libya. They felt that if they do not act quickly Vsaúl judgment inevitably Colonel Ibrahim Alhalaha Abdalazir corner. Has made sure that Colonel Alhalaha who enjoy military efficiently and winning the confidence of King Idris, who was assigned special tasks (10) was preparing to take over power through a bloodless coup. It also has a nationalist tendencies and perhaps Aftnoa to contacts Egyptian leadership

Hack

America has since the end of the fifties to establish a network of agents and “loyal friends” in Libya! The latter category was comprised of military personnel from the army and police, businessmen, employees and lawyers. And here we will talk about the most dangerous and the most important agent of America in Libya and perhaps in the Middle East, namely Mustafa Kemal Mahdoa lawyer. (11)

 Mustafa Mahdoa born in Egypt in 1932 graduated from the Faculty of Law in Alexandria in 1959, and colleagues paid college Ibrahim Hassan al-Faqih. Following his return to Libya work Mahdoa technical department of the Supreme Court in Tripoli. Currently a resident of the area Alfoahat Western Benghazi. The culture was extensive, well spoken. Recruited by the CIA because it relates to family and intimate Mustafa Ben Halim former prime minister.

Mahdoa fact that during a brief period of many friendships between the military and civilians. For example, was held at his home in Tripoli meetings of intellectuals and young people from the forefront of the intellectual elites, cultural and scientific in the country, comprised of Libyans to the heir to the editor of the author (died in a car accident on his way back from Misurata to Tripoli in November 1970) and the lawyer Ibrahim Bashir Ghwell ( was in the same car which killed the deceased and the heir and survived the accident).

It is the Palestinians d. Dr. Ahmed Sidky Dajani. Anis al-Qasim, and Issa al-Qasim, and the Fred Jordan Abuoaúl and Nawaf Jaradat, and others … In addition to his friends American officers who were attending concerts sometimes Birthdays his young daughter.

Mahdoy was during his residence in Tripoli, spends Fridays holidaymakers in T. Gargour family farm and was a friend of their son Habib. In 1970 captured the Libyan authorities on the farm and on the villas around it divided and distributed after a number of close and keep Colonel Gaddafi himself to the best of these villas. And Gharghour Palestinian citizen feet to live in Libya, a country of justice and safety after the Nations President Gamal Abdel Nasser, his money and property in Egypt wrongfully early sixties, which is not a “one foreign horizons” as called him Colonel Gaddafi in his speech on May 1, 2006, Gaddafi Hasher name Gharghour in his speech after The news reached to provide family Gharghour lawsuit outside of Libya in order to recover their property and possessions looted in Libya.

For his activities within the institution Libyan military has known Mahdoa “simple man and Judge normal” as he described himself to a group of officers, including Captain Hameed Aljaddaimi (a graduate of the Military Academy in Benghazi) and Captain Mustafa Nuri (graduate Iraq) and other officers of the low-ranking. And agreed among themselves to develop a scheme implemented by units of the battalion armor first, based in the city of five, in coordination with the officers, the Americans present Airport Misurata to arrest King Idris while traveling by road to Tripoli and in the month of February 1966 and forced to cede the throne to a select group of officers then announce the revolution.

However, this project is dead in the bud because of naiveté and also to some senior officers refused to cooperate with them.

As was already known to the Americans and Mahdavi attended King Idris overland to Tripoli in February 1966, and was often travels unguarded, and his companion was the only driver is always leading Abdamola. However, in this time he was accompanied by another car in the Major key scarf (he died in July 1971), the commander of the security forces, and in this trip, King addressed his teeth in the American Hospital airport navigation.

Was Mahdoa many frequency on the base navigation America was entered Pkarnah (card) holds a special number 157 was issued to him by al-Qaeda leadership. Had bought some of his belongings BX shop located inside the airport without paying for it, it was to open an account in his capacity as the main recruiting officer. The main task is to attract Libyan officers then invited to go to the base so that the American intelligence officers to identify them closely, and was offering them drinks and refreshments in addition to some of the gifts shop BX.

In August of 1966 Mahdoa went to Jordan, Kuwait, Bahrain and perhaps Arab Emirates which was then under British tutelage, accompanied by a high level delegation of American intelligence. The flight lasted about twenty days, and in the same trip he visited Israel. Mahdoa told us about his visit to Kuwait and Jerusalem (News Libya February 11, 2006) is of course, did not specify any holy and sure enough he had visited Jerusalem, where he received treatment for the teeth in the Israeli Hadassah Hospital Ein Kerem area of ​​the object.

Mahdoa and forgot to tell us about his visit to Bahrain, where he met the emir, Sheikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa (1933 1999), which gave him valuable gifts, including Abaya and gilded with precious hour with a picture of the prince. And pray to God to prolong the life of Mahdoa to tell us the real reasons for his visit to these countries.

Before the war in June 1967 took the state security apparatus, which was headed by Colonel Ismail Atawaigera decision to reveal Activity American customers in Libya and reduction, and was headed by Mustafa Mahdoa, in coordination with the military intelligence and intelligence English. Because of the extensive activities and semi-public, using his car Alfoxl green when on the move, the Libyan security services decided to tighten the noose on it.

It also has all of Nouri al-Siddiq Brigade Chief of Staff and Bacouche Abdul Hamid, who was justice minister and then as prime minister, and motivated by patriotism, alerting some of their subordinates not to call and the need to cut their relationship with the client as a serious expression and is known to have Mustafa Mahdoa.

In the spring of 1967 he moved Mahdoa to work in the Court of Appeal Benghazi to be close to the camp of Gar Younis, who was called “Camp America” ​​or “conspiracy camp,” where there was a group of several officers Alouhdolln Liberals, led by Lieutenant Muammar Gaddafi Bomenaar. Was assigned to follow up Mahdoa file Lieutenant Muammar Gaddafi, in addition to his work as an officer basic recruit and was visited Camp Garyounes Benghazi constantly until the coup in September Gaddafi was, Signal Corps officer (radioman), Mahdavi allowed to make international calls from the communications room at the camp.

In the spring of 1970 on display Mahdoa Gaddafi took over the presidency of the People’s Court rejected (by the claim) to the presence of family ties between him and some of the men of the royal era of those who appeared before the court, then asked him to Gaddafi to stay in his Court of Appeal. The Mahdoa nomination from each judge Abdulaziz Al-Najjar and Sheikh Mahmoud Sobhy to be members of the court. However, the real reason for the rejection Mahdoa presidency of the court is to his knowledge that he was an agent known even before the revelation of the network, which was organized to do a coup … and ended the matter, so opted to stay away from the limelight.

Probably knows a lot of the Libyan national positions of Sheikh al-Fadil Mahmoud Sobhy during the royal era, but little is known of his principled and courageous during the reign of the coup. Perhaps less calculated position of Sheikh Jalil is sufficient to say his return is the amount of money sent to him after he visited Gaddafi in his home and saw the furniture humble.

In the gallery to talk about the secret documents released by the American government and received the following paragraph magazine rescue, which was issued by the National Front for the Salvation of Libya (Issue 47, September 1998, p 20): “It is noted that in the framework of periodic updating of these reports it has received a letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs American Mr. Dean Rusk, dated April 18, 1968 to the American Embassy in Tripoli, urging them to update the information contained in some reports already sent. It is striking that the message of the minister, which included notes on more than a hundred name, have been asked about the limited number of these names provide the Ministry everything about (need everything) and these names are:

Col. Younis Urban, Colonel Mukhtar Ibrahim Abannghaza, leader Salim bin Talib (director general of the security of Tripoli), Dr. Mohammed Alepeshta, Dr. Shokri Ghanem (oil expert), Mohammed Abu Ayad Lafi Hassi (a businessman), Kamel Hassan oppressed (lawyer), Mustafa Mahdoa (judge), submitted Mahmoud bin Naji, Mohammad arm being (a businessman), Alhaji Mohammed Mustafa al-Sheibani (a businessman), police lieutenant colonel Mohammed of Sudan, Bashir Aloyfaty (Agronomist), police colonel Younis denominator on the (official Homeland Security for several years after Coup) “

We can ask the following questions:

· What are the political orientations of the people mentioned in the list?
· What is the role of the site and d. Shokri Ghanem, in this group?
· Why is there a huge antenna farm Mohamed Ibrahim arm being since the mid-sixties? Salam was leading after the coup Ajlod frequented almost daily arm being on a farm and who became later the director of funds Ajlod smuggled abroad.
· Is it efficiency alone, which made the Colonel Yunus Belkacem responsible for security in Libya in the era of the coup until his retirement a few years ago?

Late oppressed took full management funds Gaddafi family smuggled to Europe after the death of the late former director Ghiryani, who was staying in Spain. There is information to suggest that it is now managed by billionaire Mohamed Ali Alhweij Deputy Prime Minister of the Libyan current.

Conspiracy

1966 was the beginning of the countdown to stability in Libya. In the fall of that year, and after he returned from a training course in Britain (which was unsuccessful in completing the lack of passing exams, says a business cronies) was selected Lieutenant Muammar Gaddafi to be the port for the purposes of America in Libya. He had been subjected to surveillance and testing for any year since graduating from the Royal Military College of Benghazi. (12) and immediately began to Americans in his training and guidance, and protection, of course, from the eyes of Libyan intelligence, English and Egyptian. The quirk of fate to be School and directed the political only client and expert coups Heretic Mustafa Kemal Mahdoa.

 I’ve studied American history and psychology Gaddafi accurately, Frvo about the existence of rumors about the lineage, and he was expelled from schools Sabha late 1961 for bad morals and Hdhudh and not, as claimed because of its national, and that the testimony of teachers. It also knew that he admired the character of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, and was characterized by caution and secrecy, and has a sweeping ambition to gain power.

America has come a person unknown and unknown allegiance them so as not to bring him problems and Outs ordered. It confirms what was the information we have stated in the article by Mr. Abdul Hameed Bacouche published in the middle of October 16, 1995: “… the officers coup young unknown people., And it reminded me of what my American ambassador (David Newsome?) And I am the Prime Minister (from 2610 1967 791 968), it was doubted my desire to seize power Fjana visitors explore this desire, and advised me that if I thought about it, the Ali that I avoid the involvement of well-known names, because people control them from the first day, and that the intelligence post unknown names on the things you can control and what everyone is expecting of them do not know … “

The sincerity of the ambassador and not any American ambassador Fbinaa on this strategy were recruited Gaddafi and his group of officers events in 1966.

The cryptic about Bacouche at the time that the CIA and Ambassador Newsome has settled on the exploitation of a group of officers Alouhdion Liberals to implement their goals advice was not (Ambassador) has only a clever ploy to assure him that the Americans did not have any scheme coup, and turn their attention away from their clients MOST.

It was the face of unequal between Ambassador bolstered by machine intelligence huge (budget amounted CIA CIA CIA alone in 1966 (505) million dollars in the year 1998, according to official sources amounted to budget all intelligence services of America 26 billion dollars) and between the Prime Minister young age does not exceed thirty-five years, followed by a small device intelligence, nascent, a few possibilities, and penetrative.

It seems that Bacouche no longer at that time, the forerunner of his term movements Mahdoa up to date, and we do not Nlomh on this inattention has vanished from sight Mahdoa somewhat after his move to Benghazi in the spring of 1967 on the orders of the CIA. Libya was easy prey and booty for the CIA.

The group of officers advised Americans to stay away from the Liberals Alouhdolln political parties Civil (sent, brothers and nationalists) and the competing currents and organizations within the army and was at that time three main groups:

· Alhalaha group, which includes graduates of Egypt and some of the graduates of Benghazi
· Iraq group: the organization called Iraq because most of its members were officers of Iraq’s military college graduates. The nationalist orientation of its members were not organized Baathist
· And a group of military school graduates corner

I was able to America through the presence of this disagreement and discord between the army officers entered to find a loophole through them and grabbed the reins of things at the same time taking advantage of the possibilities of each group for the benefit of the organization of junior officers, which was headed by Lieutenant Muammar Gaddafi.

The selection of a group of lieutenants without other ranks for good reasons from the viewpoint of the Americans most important is that junior officers are usually close to where the soldiers are ordered direct, mostly in the barracks Ipaton not employed by family responsibilities. They also have ambitious and ready for adventure, and their movements at night or during the day do not raise suspicions of the security services, such as raised by the movements of senior officers.

He was Mahdoa and the Americans on the Group coup code name “Black Boots plaque Potts,” where he was a junior officer in the Libyan army then wore black boots. It is noteworthy that the Libyans first published image of Muammar Gaddafi, the Libyan on the pages of newspapers for days after the success of the coup appeared sitting on the desk, wearing his shoes (Puteh) black, as if the purpose of connecting an encrypted message to those concerned that the organization “plaque Potts” had triumphed.

He was transferred last Mahdoa imagine planners Americans in a matter of choice lieutenants (Gaddafi and his group) without other ranks:
“The senior officer, who justifies the choice of lieutenant inexperienced for this monumental work, a drop state the most important thing he has is that small can be trained and restructuring Kjeena what we want, but Nnschh again and turn it into something new and entity works easily to us. Vtfrig his brain easy film to prove after the his mind all what we thought even possible to transform his religion if we choose. these experiments we are working and we do know our customers and firmly grounded in their work and their knowledge and experiences. for this choice was the latest without the oldest. “

This Mahdoa words did not come out of the blue he was certainly aware of the experiments, which were carried out by American scientists in the field of mind control or brainwashing (mind control / brainwashing). Perhaps it was also aware of the secret experiments, which were conducted by the CIA since 1953 in the area of ​​influence and control over human behavior has given the agency for this project code name MK ULTRA.

The newspaper (New York Times) first alerted the American public in December 1974 about the existence of these experiments is legal where it was performed on individuals without their knowledge Bmaheh experiments nor the type of drugs that were given to them.

After Exposure ordered tests form the American Congress in 1975, a commission of inquiry, which ordered to stop testing and compensation for those affected. It was Richard Helms (CIA Director CIA) from 1966 to 1973 and one of the architects of the project), and before he left the presidency of the agency in 1973, had ordered the destruction of documents and files on a project for MK ULTRA, however, few of these documents survived the damage and found a way to the press in 1974. In 1977, a monument in the two former (CIA) are the Victor Mandrata and Miles Copeland that experiments are still going on, and Copeland said that most of the information about the project MK ULTRA has been hidden for a commission of inquiry.

The main objective of the experiments is to discover drugs to brainwash individuals to become agents and spies without their knowledge. It was used in the experiments narcotic substances most important anesthetic LSI de (LSD) in addition to hypnosis. Mahdoa statements confirm that the Americans used the latest scientific methods to recruit and control in their dealings with a group of officers Alouhdolln Liberals.

It is no secret to those concerned that the CIA maintains files of full audio and video for meetings of their representatives (controllers) Palmedoa before and after the first of September 1969.

This method is the practice with all groups and organizations cooperating with American and Western intelligence in general, also said many of the clients American intelligence Americans in their memoirs published in what they wrote after the resignation of the agency. I have learned from authoritarian regimes that reneged to use the same method against its opponents and people believing that these methods are despicable and forbidden by law and may prolong its rule.

Before the end of 1966 it was agreed between Gaddafi and the Americans on the following:
The evacuation of the American bases neutralize with Britain and persuade its government to vacate their bases in Libya to be later agreed to pay appropriate compensation for the two countries. The trend is evacuating Americans, especially within the rules of the country, which may occur by the disturbances because of the refusal of their people and the existence of such bases on its soil and replace it Bhamlat airplanes and towering high rises and long-range aircraft such as B 52. And when thousands of protesters tried to attack on the base of navigation on June 9, 1967 felt the seriousness of the al-Qaeda presence on Libyan territory. As a gesture of good faith to show the American authorities to evacuate its warehouses and delivery port of Tripoli to the Libyan authorities Marine
To come out of Libya at the time of the coup of Mustafa Ben Halim (13) of former Prime Minister and Yahya Omar Saeed, (14) and that the coup transport both to airport navigation American Tripoli, continuing on from there, where will all the outlets Libya by land, sea and air sealed, and warned they faced any harm

Find two officers, a lieutenant or a pilot to join the group selected, one based on control of security, any Minister of the Interior. And the other in charge of the army, any minister of defense arguing that most of the members of al-Gaddafi of junior officers will not be able in the first phase of the understanding with the officers of the oldest and highest rank them in these institutions.

Thus the Mahdoa bring later both submitted Adam Alhawwaz submitted Musa Ahmed (15) to be members of al-Gaddafi … and then betrayed them Gaddafi after we verify what he wanted (16) where he was arrested on December 7, 1969 on charges of plotting to overthrow the judgment and sentenced to death and then was reduced to life imprisonment. Released Ahmed Musa submitted in March 1988 and died on April 24, 2005 after being according to the official version of a knife attack by a group of thieves … Africans do not know the fate of his colleague Adam submitted Alhawwaz
When arrested Adam submitted Alhawwaz got Colonel Ahmed gunner (commander class radioman camp Garyounes) and was sitting in his prison cell in Tripoli’s central and shouted loudly: “I have been arrested from America and was chosen copes with them … oh the world that America had a hand in This topic! ” Due to its proximity to the direct Alhawwaz he commanded, must be some of the things that became clear to him after his arrest on Alhawwaz.

At seven o’clock on the morning of the coup contact Colonel Mukhtar December Gmadar passage of Tripoli telephoned Colonel on Akil Director of Public Security, which was irresistible since early morning with three police officers and a group of soldiers some of the military personnel Madamin Bmadrah and who were trying to storm the building of the Directorate of Security adjacent to the Palace Mole Tripoli. After exchanging a few words said to him, Colonel Aqeel: “You tell me, O Mukhtar handed the building and leave the weapon so like what they told me the Americans … I was contacted the commander of airport navigation Mr. Joe (is Colonel and” Freemason “Daniel James (1920 1978) , took over the leadership of airport navigation August 1969 until March 1970 and is the de facto leader of the coup in September) telling me not to fabricate problems with control of the country because everything is over … “

All this and Muammar Gaddafi was also confirms several sources lying on his bed at Camp Garyounes listens to songs military has put a man on man, did not reach to the radio building Benghazi only when the sixth hour, but ten minutes “… and according to two of the novel” Officers Alouhdwin Liberals “are Lt. Abdul Fattah Younis and Major Abdel Moneim Huni.

At eight o’clock in the morning and half the income provided Da’uki Mukhtar, Chief Financial Officer at Camp Azizia, to a room full of officers at Camp Aziziya, has led salute to Colonel key researcher, said: Congratulations Ffendm, believing that the coup leader. Individual researcher him smiling: Congratulations on the O er .. Sit ament. He was in possession of passports submitted Da’uki tickets and travel for a group of leaders of the coup was supposed to travel at ten o’clock that morning, the first of September, to attend training courses in Britain.

The first batch of officers detained includes all of the colonels Aoun Arhovernm and Aziz Hanib and key researcher and Presenters Naseeruddin Hamann and Eid Merhi and Shaaban architecture. These officers have been surprised at the accuracy of planning was captivating, blankets and food ready for the reception of detainees at the camp can not a handful of lieutenants to do so.

At ten o’clock and arrived at the camp Azizia armor type (Salahuddin) and (frit) and (Sarasin) and by soldiers Atsaihon stood Captain Abdulsalam Ajlod member of the Board of the coup and the leading corner later, and with him his weapon restore them and shouted: “We have opened our arms depots, now my brothers Revolution succeeded! “ He ordered Prime Sergeants (freely) Salim Said, Secretary General of the Council of Ministers, and Colonel later, Bahoudarahay officers detained, the American officers to open stores of arms and ammunition in camps Gurgi and well Usta birth and delivery of 180 new armored coup. This armor has been reserved for this purpose, and prevented the hands of the army and police force of animation and accessible before that date, arguing that it does not need to be training them and conducting necessary maintenance.

During the preparation of tea began Captain Ajlod in chatter Sarda tournaments conducted by the morning of that day and how he broke into the house of Ahmed Aoun will and the former interior minister and seized Lhalath) pod of arms and ammunition made ​​of leather worn by the warrior on his chest) for the mujahedeen Aoun Muhammad will Mahmoudi’s father, Ahmed, and how they also seized a sword fighter Mahdi to him by one of the Ottoman sultans, and how he insulted the former minister and made ​​him crawl on his knees and how cursing and Agriculture Minister Hamid Bosroel because he did not care about his father’s requests.

At eleven o’clock am, Captain Abdel Moneim Huni, a member of the Board of leadership coup and the head of the General Intelligence later, Captain Majid Hamann Connect Yahya Omar Saeed, who took with him more than twenty bag includes fraught with a wealth of jewelry, from his house to the field of Alviadesah Gold Medal previously American navigation to the airport and that the order of Muammar Gaddafi personally and in coordination with the Colonel (Daniel James), commander of airport navigation and intelligence officer, Gen. (Joseph Capucci).

As Mustafa Ben Halim told him that American intelligence has also informed the heads of American oil companies operating in Libya, the need packs his bags before the first of September he left for Libya on Monday, August 25th, 1969.

The form of Gaddafi’s secret committee, headed by leading Abdulsalam Ajlod “investigator evacuation” as described on small posters that sprang up after the end of the theatrical negotiations evacuation in the December 15, 1969 and the membership of Captain pilot Fathi bin Taher (23) and Legal Counsel Mahmoud Bacouche to negotiate with the Americans and the British regard to compensate the two countries for their bases in Libya. Without hesitation and agreed to pay a coup three billion dollars to America and 800 million pounds to Britain. This was the deal like a lifeline to Britain, which at the time was suffering from serious economic problems. And a simple calculation may be the two Astrdjata what Dftah versus leased to the rules, exponentially.

After the coup did not stop sorties training warplanes states NATO (NATO) over Libyan airspace and located on board the aircraft carriers American Sixth Fleet and military bases in Europe, but according to the agreements in 1966 Gaddafi to appoint a captain Libyan Foreign Ministry to the task of coordination of sorties airline alliance with military leaders stationed at the headquarters of the Southern Command of NATO in Naples, Italy. To our knowledge this is the agreement is still valid and has not canceled.

Trick

“The necessary condition for the survival of any governor in power … and the continued progress in the field of construction and reform is to look like it is impossible to say with that creature to us, and to act in a manner not show any harmony with our tastes and tendencies. Short, our support for any leader to get to the helm and stay there even bring us some interests who want it do not have to hit the truth cruel is that he must direct some abuses us so that he can maintain power and ensures continuity. also that the structure of the political system, which follows that the ruling is bound to be a natural and innate and non- artificially, and therefore must include some elements that harbor hostile to our interests. “

(American intelligence man Miles Copeland in his book “The Game of Nations”, 1969)

Leave the American ambassador to Libya David Newsome in the final month of June 1969 is so compromised that to him or to the Embassy of any income while going to happen in September, 1969 as the new Ambassador Joseph Palmer received his early October 1969.

America has an extraordinary effort to help the Libyan government in the construction of wireless communication network dedicated to the security services and the army in the unification of broadcasting before the coup months later all be ready until the first day of September 1969.

Advertising on the morning of the coup announced the appointment of Colonel Saad Eddin Abuchuirb Chief of Staff of the Army with that resigned from the army late in 1967 (his last position he held before his resignation is the commander of the battalion shields second) and was working as an editor decades of his office Street, Omar Mukhtar, Tripoli, and the day the coup was present with his family in the Spanish capital Madrid. The surprised Colonel Abuchuirb publish his picture on the newspapers and his appointment as Chief of Staff of the Libyan army he went to Rome after his arrival there contacted him Yahya Omar Saleh Massoud Buisier (24) (first foreign minister during the reign of the coup) and asked him to immediately go to Libya to receive his work as chief of staff. On Monday, September 8th, 1969 Colonel Abuchoreb Buisier escorted the plane to Tunisia and then to the Libyan border, where wild and very in a waiting military vehicle, military uniforms worn Abuchuirb in order to enter the country in uniform. Colonel Abuchuirb remained forty days at Camp Bab al-Aziziya carries on his work as chief of staff and members of the board asked him to resign after the coup that things have settled down and led by Colonel Abuchuirb (without his knowledge) the role assigned to him by the CIA and then the same Alanqlabiyon ambassador in Cairo. There is no doubt that the announcement of the appointment of Colonel Abuchuirb chief of staff befuddled officers loyal to the king and to prevent them from Halaha and for adopting any action against the coup, as the Abuchuirb was calculated on Alhalaha paid and fellow Egyptian Military Academy. As this declaration also deceived the Egyptian leadership that Colonel Alhalaha is the leader of the coup. It is worth mentioning that some of the officers nationalists in the summer of 1966 had alerted the Egyptian leadership to the possibility that America or Britain to change the monarchy in Libya in their favor. When the conversation turned to Colonel Abdulaziz Alhalaha response was Hamza Bassiouni (famous) one aide Salah Nasr Egyptian intelligence chief: “He is cooperating with us.”

Failure to declare the names and ranks of the coup, but after a week of the coup was announced for the first Lieutenant upgrade Muammar Gaddafi to the rank of colonel and appointed commander in chief of the armed forces on September 8, 1969.

Print hundreds of photos of President Gamal Abdel Nasser Bmtaba airport navigation in 1967 and distributed to the masses in the early days of the coup to convince the Libyans and the world that the coup is an extension of the September 23 Revolution in July

The CIA has printed and distributed pamphlets showing the disadvantages of communist rule. The numbers of them were found lying on the sidewalk near the Soviet Embassy in Tripoli gardens.

Gaddafi may wish to be erased from the memory of the incident the following history. On Saturday, October 18th, 1969 directed Muammar Gaddafi after he became a colonel at the head of a group of vehicles moving about half of the base where she was stationed navigation unit for the Libyan Air Force. Without the approval of the officials of al-Qaida convoy of cars rushed into the airport. It was only moments until it was Colonel Daniel James commander of airport navigation and standing at the main gate and watched Gaddafi near the barrier gate Sanda his hand on his pistol after Vhmlq it and ordered him to his hand away from his gun, to the surprise of all present bowed Gaddafi.

Provide all of Mustafa Ben Halim Omar and Yahya Said trial in absentia in Libya. The People’s Court, headed by Bashir Huadi pioneer in the September 30, 1971 on Mustafa Ben Halim was sentenced to fifteen years in prison for corrupting political life. As Yahya Omar has issued a special courts sentenced to death by the year 1981.

The American media, and inspired by the CIA, showing Gal-Qathafi “unknown indefinite article” before the world public opinion and the Arab world, that he won the round and brought them out of their bases in Libya to give the kind of prestige and Alheilman (“Prestige”) until it is controlled and convince everyone that national nationalist and not an agent of America and a false hero. However, al-Qathafi has a deep sense that many of the members of the Libyan people and the Arab and chanting believe that an American creature. Therefore it has become habit Permanent exonerate himself from the charge and was most recently on Wednesday, March 2nd, 2005 when he said:

“We are not enemies nor allies clients not to America.”

America’s standing sponsor of the freedoms and democracy advocate the first in the world of the Libyan opposition and funding for several projects and the parties struggle “failed”, was the most important and most dangerous programs National Front for the Salvation of Libya during the eighties. America has exploited the front to collect information about the Libyan opposition and to identify closely on the situation inside Libya and communication elements of military and civilian rule is qualified to provide an alternative to the Great Jamahiriya.

 

Denial of the administration to have a hand in the coup in September 1969 and deny the Libyan regime after that proved his involvement in global terrorism and the loss of civilian life Americans, as happened in Lockerbie and nightclub Labelle German, and threatened from time to time to give him whenever I felt that deviates from the interests and strategies of America in the region. It now appears that the Colonel and his regime have completely dived into the lap American and became a hostage in the hands of America made him what you want.

Conclusion

 “His Excellency the President .. words can be refuted .. Saudi Arabia .. confident .. Saudi Arabia .. Muslim, Saudi Arabia is not a slave of colonialism like you and others like .. Japk of the rule you? Of Japk rule Cut down the right .. of Japk to judge? but do not speak and do not get involved things where the owner has no right nor share .. is lying in front of you .. and the grave is before thee. “

Prince Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz, Crown Prince of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia at the time, turning to Gaddafi during the public meeting at the Arab Summit, which was held in Sharm El-Sheikh in March 2003 by surprise.

Coup was Muammar Gaddafi and his coterie of officers unsung, an American with all the data. What if he is not for the complicity of government and Wilson unions in Britain, and the cooperation of a number of vulnerable souls of the Libyans and Arabs. It stole the zero hour when the country was poised to take over Colonel Ibrahim Abdulaziz Alhalaha power on Friday, September 5th 1969 and thus succeeded in foiling America Alhalaha scheme and the expulsion of the British and the receipt of Libya.

There are some indicators that may confirm attendance Freemason in the implementation of a coup in September 1969, and perhaps the most important fact that the commander of the airport navigation Colonel Daniel James, who took over the supervision of the implementation plan of the coup was a member of a forum in Prince Hall Masonic greatest (Prince Hall Grand Lodge). After the success of his mission in Libya, Colonel James was appointed deputy assistant secretary of defense for public relations and promotion of peace in the military until he became a special assistant to the Chief of Staff, United States Air Force. In the year 1983, named after Gen. James Masonic Lodge No. 72, Washington, USA.

Freemasonry a secret organization calls for atheism and pornography, corruption and overthrow legitimate governments and national control. After our study of the ideas and comments and actions Mahdoa and Gaddafi and after the issuance of the statement Mahdoa book the Koran in 1990 show us that it is not excluded that Gaddafi be Mahdoa and followers of Freemasonry. If this hypothesis is true, the scenario leader Hosni coup in Syria in 1949 may be repeated in Libya in 1969, has recently appeared accurate information confirms that the leader Hosni was a creature of Freemasonry and that he was in contact with the Israeli intelligence service. We must emphasize that Almason movements in the Arab world characterized by secrecy, unlike their peers in the West who do not mind revealing of belonging to this Assembly, many of them wearing a ring containing the slogan Assembly and shake hands in a distinctive way.

During his testimony before the Court of Lockerbie, Scotland, in September 2000, said Abdul Majeed Djaakh a prosecution witnesses key that Gaddafi was involved in a plot Masonic world, and when asked insistently than defense lawyers to disclose the source of this information Re Djaakh that the flag of the people in Libya and for security reasons, do not can reveal his name. (BIGGEST LIE!!)

The story of Mr. Ahmed Al-Zubair Ahmed al-Sanusi al-Sharif: Sharif human victim …

The Batch 33 (1954 1957) since the date of the establishment of the Iraqi Military Academy and the second batch to Iraq for Libya consisting of twenty students 15 of Cyrenaica and 5 of Tripoli and they are: from Cyrenaica Fawzi and his brother Jalal Aldgala, Saleh and his brother Hassan al-Sanusi, Jad Allah Hafiz, Graybeal Ramadan, Mohammed Helaly, Hilal Ahmad Fawzi, Faleh Mohammed Shahat, Mejri Abdul Hameed, Abdul Qadir Khalifa, Subaia Ahmed, Zubair Ahmed al-Sanusi, mullet and Halim Saad Mohammed Jibril. The group Tripoli They were: Muharram Nadim ibn Musa, Tariq Khairy OS, and the successful Tahir Hassan Suleiman al-Faqih and Zuwarah collected Miloud Shaaban.

He resigned Halim mullet to the difficulty of training, which did not tolerate continued 19 college students until they graduate. But during graduation Libya refused to grant Ahmed Zubair al-Sanusi military rank and dismissed from the army because King Idris was not time graduation satisfied with his family Senussi because of the killing of Mr. Muhammad Sharif Mohiuddin Sanusi Mr. Ibrahim Alhalaha servant and headmaster of his own time in the October 5, 1954 the city of Benghazi.

It is important that Iraq Btakrjh recognized and awarded by rank. And when King Faisal was sympathetic to King Idris was not satisfied to use the army, which did not satisfy to join as an officer Iraqi army, and granted the college some money from their savings charities and traveled to Syria in 1957 after they completed training in class radioman (signal) and gained experience being able to work. Syria was headed Quwatli in early 1958 on the verge of openness to Egypt, where he adopted many Arab issues.

Syria and learned that Zubair Ahmed al-Sanusi is the Prince of the family and the grandson of the Senussi Sharif al-Sanusi Ahmad Mujahid, and that he does not find a job stalker Vocdet Army Command him a job as a civilian technician wireless devices, and the right to serve in the army branch near the suburb of Mezze. Zubair Ahmed and found room on the surface of one of the houses where dwelt and continued to live his life in that room and in his work as a technician communicate with any salary of 150 pounds a month. He had been living on subsistence. During the return of college students leave the Libyans had some travels through Lebanon and Syria by ship heading to Baghdad, and it was some of the officers and affluent students visit him and leave him some money without feeling them, as an assistant to him.

Continued Ahmed Zubair in living up to the revolution, Iraq on July 14, 1958, and was the commander of his concubine Abdullatif al-Darraji has become interior minister in the government of Abdul Salam Aref after the killing of Abdul Karim Qasim in 1963, Fastdaah after what Send Ahmed Zubair send him a message telling him that he wants to return to Iraq and join the army. So he returned to Baghdad and Kzmlaúh granted the rank of captain at the time, and gave him an apartment for housing and Ahtdhanoh and felt safe and became promoted and worked in his field in the Corps radioman until he reached the rank of lieutenant colonel.

Zubair Ahmed returned to Libya, leaving what was in it, and was in Baghdad replace the care and attention, but so are the amounts, and so it was bad luck. Have not gone a few months of his return to his homeland until the accused is the brother Rashid to participate in the coup attempt, known as trying to “Abyar” (May 27, 1970) and was among the defendants in the attempt three officers graduates from Iraq, but two were from the same batch, Mr. Ahmed two Qadir Khalifa and Abdul Hameed Mejri, who died as a result of torture, and the third was Mohammed Ali Ahmed Aldharat. May 17, 1972 in a military court headed by a special report on the execution of Mr. Ahmed Faitouri and sentenced to life imprisonment and the other provisions of the right of the other defendants.

Mr. Rashid was released on March 2, 1988, Mr. Ahmed’s brother did not be released except in the August 27, 2001, which he remained in prison and a thirty-one-year-old Sabra calculated. And thus became the oldest prisoner in the world according to estimates by Amnesty International Amnesty, a longer duration than those that Nelson Mandela spent in prison racial discrimination in South Africa. And so it was Al-Zubair Ahmed al-Sanusi, a pious boy-Tayeb Karim, the victim of a grudge against the rulers in the royal era … and a victim of the pawns in a Great Jamahiriya.

______________________

Footnotes:

1. News Libya: “Back to the piracy and obscure history,” June 14, 2005.

2. text of Mu’ammar al-Qathafi’s speech on June 11, 2005:

In the name of God .. to mark the passage of 35 years since the evacuation of the largest military bases for the largest state .. remind ourselves and the world that the United States did not enter Libya by force, war, except for the martyred Libyan people whole to prevent the occupation of their land expensive, but entered a way cool by government composed of the king of the client and clients corrupt Shaddad of the prospects of mercenaries .. .. families are not extraneous to the Libyan Arab home sold for money because it is not home. Valkhoza and shame on those customers and the families of those exotic despicable.

 

Since he took the reins of command the sons of Libya Al-Ahrar on the great conqueror ordered that foreign troops leave Farahlt On this day .. because the Libyan people, the Great led the great conqueror announced evacuation and went to military training camps in preparation to fight the battle of liberation if it did not withdraw those troops occupied .. and we have designed to fight and editing and we started to prepare for the face military bases withdrew without a fight.

In order for the return of colonialism to our land again is inevitable to make the armed people a reality and to make sure of which the enemy himself .. The people are armed Not defeat, and we must resolve to make the earth Libyan fester under the feet of any enemy even burn those foot Whatever strength, there is no life Without dignity .. and no dignity without freedom .. no freedom without force .. no power .. power without people in the armed people who unbeatable .. Let us prepare ourselves both men and women to defend their homeland and always never diligence and perseverance on the general military training and the regular rotation People armed.

 

Long live the People’s Front of internal solid based on the power of the people and that we are determined to remain free Libyan soil .. pure and ready for martyrdom in the process of calling and called for if not always our motto: Liberty or death .. victory or martyrdom.

 

Each year and you are good .. and every year and you were victorious.

3 Dr. Armand Hammer Julius American Jew of Ukrainian origin. His father emigrated to America in 1890 where he established the American Communist Party in 1919, the year of 1956 Armand Hammer bought the company Occidental amount of one hundred and twenty thousand dollars, and then became, thanks to oil exploration concessions obtained by the result of a close relationship Omar Ibrahim Alhalaha. In 1966, Hammer announced his conversion to Christianity and joined the Unitarian Church (Unitarian Church) after he accused some Arab writers labor for Israel and the collection of funds for the Jewish state!

4. to learn more about the biography of Dr. coastal Please see the article by Dr. Faraj star: Dr. coastline on: the political and the writer, the site of “Libya today,” February 13, 2005.

5. history attests to the leader Mujahid King Mohammed Idris al-Mahdi al-Sanusi that he was modest and pious ascetic in power, weakness of the hand and tongue, and did not hear it or oppression of one of his opponents is revenge, Michbta tolerant Islamic morality, and putting the national interest above all other considerations. Characterize the blessed reign (1951 1969) with a fair amount of democracy and public freedoms, justice and equal opportunity and a tremendous amount of tolerance … this tolerance is patriarchy, which opened the appetite adventurers, customers and students the power and thieves.

After receiving the referee came to the king, some tribal leaders demanding retribution from their enemies who built their home and answered them, saying: “let bygones be bygones.” Also prevent family members from Senussi held political positions, except for diplomatic functions.

In the summer of 1949 refused to hand over three of the youth of the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood to the Egyptian government knocked on the door of his palace asking for protection and had been charged in the murder of Nuqrashi Pasha, and insisted that Agerhm as dictated by Islamic customs and Arabian horses.

For more information about King Idris and the Senussi family blessed the good reader can see the Holy Book “King of King Idris of Libya: life and times”, written by eBay. Dhikandol, Manchester 1989 translation and publication of bin Mohammed Abdo Ghalboun.

6. Colonel Ramadan Ben Salah of the population of the city of Gharyan. He graduated from the Egyptian Military Academy in the year 1954 a man struggling entrepreneur and active patient. Included in the military until he became commander of the Royal Military College of Benghazi. Had little interest in politics, took a military career and a hobby. Was a source of pride for him and for Libya to choose from fourteen king and president attended the Arab Summit in 1964 to be the adjutant for the second team on the Amer. Was in front of Jordan during the 1967 war and after the war ended several months has submitted his resignation from the leadership of Saudi Consolidated and returned to Libya. But the Americans came, and with them the inherent catty officer filed for efficient and honest national Colonel Ramadan Ben Salah in prison. Because of the fear system of men like Colonel Ramadan highly reputed farther from Libya as an ambassador for his country in Czechoslovakia. After crawling operations demagoguery on the Libyan embassies in the early eighties, Colonel Ramadan returned to Libya for actuation in entrepreneurship as a trader Marble.

7 rejected Prince Hassan Rida al-Sanusi, this man met a humble, engage in conspiracies against his people and his nation. He believed that the future of Libya should be in the hands of their children and that they are able to fulfill this responsibility. But the Americans their distress orientations Prince of national and accused him of ignorance in policy matters, “because he believes that in a position to Libya to manage their affairs on their own without the help of America and Britain” (report sent from the American Embassy in Tripoli to the State Department in Washington on October 11, 1968 Ben Halim: Libya emission of the nation .. and the fall of the p 532).

It also did not run out to criticize the smelting Prince Honorable Taher Ibrahim Mustafa Bakir God’s mercy scion of the house of science and honor, and certainly did not forget the statements Bakir thundering during the Arab Summit Conference in Cairo in 1964, and was then ambassador in Cairo, when he told reporters: “that Libya is not in need of aid the American and British, and that in a group of traders able to provide the Patriots what you pay these two countries against the leased military bases. “

Allah has blessed Hassan satisfaction that he lived his last days in freedom and safety between the arms of his family a decent London and buried after his death in 1992 in Medina near the presence of the Prophet Muhammad may Allah bless him and his family and him and his companions, God bless them, and next to his uncle, the king of the late Mohammed Idris al-Sanusi.

8 School was established in 1953, the military angle to produce a quick batches of officers. School was commander Colonel Idris Abdullah officers assisted by American and Iraqi. To engage where the school does not require students to obtain high school diploma, have graduated from the school from the age of seventeen years. The duration of the study six months after the graduate obtained the rank of second lieutenant. He joined the school about forty young people from different regions of Libya, out of whom nearly thirty-five, and the rest left the study. School closed after two years of its inception.

 School Graduates corner:

Aziz Hanib (deputy director of training later), Tariq Baroni (became a minister), Ahmed artillery, Younes Amrani, Mohammed bin Yunus cuneiform, Mukhtar Ibrahim Abannghazy, Shaaban Building, Usman Abbas judge, Joseph Aelkezlh, Abdulla Al-Mansouri, Suleiman Omar Khalifa, the Marian, Khalifa al-Mahmoudi, Ahmed Corvette, Alakora Ahmed, Abdul Hameed Balaama, Abdullah halloumi, Ahamroch Abdullah, Hussein Sharif Hussein Badi, Mukhtar Aghannaa, Salem Jaafar, Abdalones Alabbar, Alabbar key, key Faitouri and Bashir Alevardna.

He joined all of Behcet Torgoman and Tariq Abdul Baki and Yahya Omar Saeed later to the police.

Notes and Rhode sublime Col. Younis Urban and Colonel Mukhtar Ibrahim Abannghaza in the telegram sent by the Foreign Minister of America to the American Embassy in Tripoli April 18, 1968 (see above under the heading hack). It is further noted that Colonel Mukhtar was Abannghaza of the few officers who invited them to talk to Libyan television program “certificates of history,” the late nineties.

 The speakers usually recite facts and novels, which have championed Gaddafi and sometimes his fellow Free Officers involved with him.

The rest of the graduates were six officers: Farhat Ammari (Director of the Department of the Army) and Salem Ferjany (class infantry), and Abdulwahab beau (the commander of the military police Marg), and Abed Jad Allah, and Ali Alotyosh (brother of Major-General Sanusi Alotyosh), and Khalil Al Abbar (Yawar Brigade Alotyosh) He was an officer with a transportation Sanusi Shalluf Liberation Army soldiers Sanusi, has been accused of all to participate in the coup attempt in May 1962, which was the kicks of Prairie City. It was such an attempt, apparently in response to the removal of Major General Sanusi Alotyosh (A Liberation Army officers Sanusi) from the post of Chief of Staff in late 1961 and the appointment of Major General Nouri instead Siddiq bin Ismail.

Has made a coup officers loyal to the likes of Omar Henchen and Tahir successful and Fawzi Aldgala and Ramadan Graybeal and others, most of them in batches of Iraq and the foiled coup and arrested the coup and imprisoned, but King Idris and before spending two years in prison commissioned Abdulhamid Bacouche Minister of Justice then issued a decree to pardon them. King has bestowed on the four officers who foiled coup Independence Medal in honor of them. Sanusi was appointed Major General Alotyosh, which did not have any role in the coup attempt and later minister of transport in one of the ministries of the monarchy.

9 Brigade was a friend Nuri’s Liberation Army officers Sanusi, who helped with the Allies in defeating the Italian and German forces in Libya. Took over the presidency of the Army Staff in the period from 1962 to 1968, which is considered one of the best periods of the Libyan army. Was commander loyal tolerant modest and loving to Mrasah, however, has been firm in matters that require packets.

And I remember saying: “By God, he legs than fifty officer, if it was in the country for Tani Kdrōh and Krmoh” and was intended to praise the officer pilot Salah Hinhiri. The main story of this officer as follows:

Salah Arif Hinhiry of the oldest pilots Libyans and Ibrahm. Graduate of Egypt in the year 1954 was a pilot Geria and brave and perhaps foolhardy limit, once almost losing his life when his plane hit the Besary fishing boat. He was a fun Bchoca and loved by everyone. Despite his seniority remained coach of the airline and this does not bother him, but he would say: “my freedom better than take responsibility for aviation.”

In late December 1966 without the permission of a Salah directed the pilot flew the single-engine (Egypt had donated to Libya) to London to attend the New Year’s Eve in Trafalgar Square Trafalgar Square! Entered British airspace without permission or passport in an atmosphere clouded. He was allowed to land at a small airport and told the control tower: “I’m Jay brought Christmas with you.” Were taken as to the police station and made sure of his identity and told the Libyan authorities, which apologized. Salah was allowed to stay for one night and was able to attend a New Year’s Eve at Trafalgar English, accompanied by a police officer. When he returned to Libya the next day he was arrested at the airport in Tripoli and was punished with ten days detention barracks and delay promoted to colonel of the provider. However, Nouri al-Siddiq brigade praised the courage and daring lover of freedom pilot Salah Hinhiri.

10 Colonel Alhalaha trip after the June 1967 war directly on a military plane to Egypt, Syria and Jordan. He was accompanied on this trip by Dr.. Ahmed Alepeshta Foreign Minister Solomon and the pilot Urban. Colonel Alhalaha taking with him four checks worth 55 million pounds for the Libyan equivalent at that time of million. Him 25 million to Egypt on behalf of the armed forces and 15 million for Syria on behalf of the Baath Party and 10 million to Jordan on behalf of the Royal Court, according to the request of the heads of these countries and 5 million was delivered to the head of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Ahmed Shukairy on behalf of the Palestine Liberation Organization and the suspension was Colonel Alhalaha: “I wished that all the checks went to Nasser. “

11 In addition to the key role played by the adviser Mustafa Mahdoa in payment range officers Alouhdolln Liberals and support in carrying out the movement in September 1969, was the oldest in 1990 to publish a book called “The statement Koran” displays the currency of the principles and the basic tenets of Islamic, ungrateful right of the Messenger of Allah, peace upon him in the statement and legislation. He wanted to be Mahdoa his statement the Koran as a “Green Book” in religion and to be a substitute for the Islamic sects known. Mahdoa did not deny his relationship with a group of officers Alouhdolln where the Liberals came in one of his responses to what was written by two brothers, Hassan and Hussein Abdul Hameed angular this site (News Libya February 11, 2006) as follows:

“… As for the relationship with the officers Unionists Liberal is told nothing to do with me their I Atbara of them, although I had a relationship with them Vkonni do not like to be called something no evidence of it I have and I do not say everything that he says the leader and he does not say everything I say, but we drink from One school is a school where the Koran and show everything from the two men in one school, but were similar Gulwbhma. “

It is no secret and there is no consensus in the defense of the Koran, but in the demolition of the year and Muhammadiyah revoked and replace God’s law, the law of the passions. Were it not for God’s favor and jealous of their religion to the Libyans was strife and disaster befell our people do not praise God Akbaha but him. What was raising the slogan of “the law of the Koran society,” only to mislead and jamming and corrupting the doctrine of people. We have confirmed Mahdoa in his book what many had run out on the position of Colonel Gaddafi from the Sunnah. He told Mahdoa for a interlocutors: “Pray that the Koran with his peers in Egypt, and if he prays behind one of the non-Quranists Asr prayer or Morocco, for example, it intends to impose a two by prayer, and kinship Mazad be to God!”

Examples of what he believes Mahdoa and his disciples are trying promoted and published between the Libyan people and our Islamic nation, which has been documented in a book later statement, the Qur’an as follows:

· Explains that the Koran does not require each other to a statement of the year, both anecdotal Oalamlah or other views of scientists and commentators.
· The Prayer Rkaatan only if prayer does not restrict travel, but only in fear, and if failed to be rak one, is not required to read the Fatiha in prayer.
· The wet dream is not required in washing, passing wind and Aldharat does not invalidate ablution.
· Women have to pray and fast when she is menstruating, and the patient may not tayammum.
· That the Muslim must fast until the night is not permissible for him to breakfast at sunset.
· There is a certain amount of zakat or statement that must be where the money nor Meeqaat for Zakat, but in some cases, such as Zakat of crops it to bear on the harvest.
· The pilgrimage is forbidden and may be in September, is not required to stand Hajj Arafah on the ninth day of Dhul Hijjah, and to throw stones in Mina is a monument that has been revealed by God from the Sultan.
· Circumcision is not the year of Islam.
· Halal lard.

Miracles of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him that things will fall Okhburan and signed, and warned us about the people of the people of fads and fancies and enacted by the deniers will come after him. Narrated brave Ben Ma’diyakrib may Allah be pleased with him said: The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him: “is about a man leaning on Ericth happens speech of the newborn, he says: between us and you the Book of Allah, what we found in it from Halal Asthllnah, and we found it from haram Ahramnah, although not what the campus of the Messenger of Allah, such as what God has forbidden. “

And Abu Rafi, may God bless him said: The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him: “Do not any of you leaning on Alvin Ericth he gets it, which is forbidden or ordered by him, he says: I do not know, what we found in the Book of Allah we followed.”

Mahdoa deny that it has anything to do with Victoria College, which is based in Alexandria, Egypt, except that he studied for several months as a child. But note that among the close friends of those college graduates are known in the Libyan society exotic ideas and actions foolish He has held senior positions in each state. At a time, became one of them (the rumors that Mason) consultant for a leading Abdulsalam Ajlod one of the symbols of repression, terrorism and corruption in Libya before Algmeh God and enough Libyans evil and is placing God on those who do wrong and hurt their fellow Libyans from the likes of Engineer Ezzedine Hinhiri (National Security Advisor) “as well as Noli Some other oppressors what they earn. “

The Libyans have denounced what was authorized by Gaddafi in matters of religion, and his attack on the blatant Sunnah and the Imams and Muslim scholars and falsified history and the Libyan Islamic. He has all of the martyr Sheikh Mohammed Abdulsalam Alepeshta and Mufti Sheikh Tahir Ahmed Zaoui would address firmly on fabrications Gaddafi. Sheikh angular sometimes prayed Friday prayers palace mosque attached to the Palace in Tripoli mole behind Imam Muhammad Alepeshta, and was one of the pioneers of the mosque and the martyrs Rashid Kaabar Lotfy Amqik. It was one of the pioneers of the mosque also Colonel Abdulaziz Alhalaha and perhaps be a witness to the incident the following.

After the prayer, Sheikh angular standing and talking about some of the things that were of concern to the Libyans, criticizing Sometimes decisions Gaddafi unfair, such as the law of the rape of the property, who knew the Law No. 4 of year 1978 in one of the collection in 1979, and before the rise of al-Khatib pulpit got Sheikh angular said, his voice loud “I want to tell you … that the word infidel unbeliever Gaddafi … infidel!” Then he sat. After this statement, the dangerous exposure Sheikh Fatwa and exposed to hostile fierce campaign by Gaddafi and revolutionary committees, but the mujahid sheikh despite his age he was born in 1890 survived and did not yield remained outspoken, saying the right to boldly and courageously. But when blocked in his face all ways to express his opinion was forced to resign from the Fatwa late 1984 and observed i’tikaaf his home in Republic Street to go to the Almighty God’s mercy in the March 6, 1986.

12 Royal Military College was founded in 1957 and was based in Benghazi Ghadeer Palace. Began teaching the Iraqi officers and graduates of other payments and the duration of the study by two years. The graduated annually between 35 to 50 officers until the 1969 coup Muammar Gaddafi graduate seventh installment (1963 1965).

About the genesis of the Libyan army

The date of August 9, 1940 is the beginning of the establishment of the Libyan army. He needed Eighth Army British, who was fighting axis component of the Italians and the Germans, I need to paramilitaries join with Ertale belligerent and be as lines background assisted by the army warrior, with a call to civilians or transfer livelihood or securing supply bases and catering next to choose some of the elements that have efficient training To be among the Allied soldiers who had joined Lee Eighth Army and contribute to the liberation of their homeland from the Italian occupation.

Agreed British leadership and its representative Colonel Bramley with Prince Mohammed Idris al-Sanusi on the use of the elements of immigrants Libyans residing on the land of Egypt and later the prisoners who are Paltel great and who their families, the British army at the end of 1940 in Sidi Barani to be the nucleus of the army of Libyan and called the army cleats or army Sanusi. And the opening of training camp area at kilometer 9 Pyramid Pyramid Plateau on the main Cairo-Alexandria Desert. And still the memorial of the founding of the Army serves as yet.

Among men who have trained or aiding in the formation of this army: Hussein Faqih, Ahmed Chtioui Sowaihili, on Ibohady, Abdul Hameed Al Abbar, Sanusi Alotyosh, Omar ultra Hanib, Nouri al-Siddiq bin Ismail, Shams al-Din al-Sanusi, Idris al-Issawi, Mahmoud Boukoatin, Abdullah Gazerh , Hamad Bokhirallah, Idris Abdullah, Jibril Saleh, Salim Abed Rabbo, Saad Hmath, Faraj good, in favor of a rainy, Mohammed Abdamola, Saleh Alotyosh, Abdul Jalil Seif El-Nasr, Ibrahim Ahmed al-Sharif al-Sanusi and the key to a scarf, and had They all and other Mujahideen honor to contribute later in the establishment of State Constitution and the law.

Army began training then joined with allies in battles Halfa and El Alamein and then in darting behind the remnants of the Italians and the Germans retreating even entered Cyrenaica and continued to push until liberated Tripoli in January 1943 and be one of those soldiers and officers, the nucleus of a defense force Cyrenaica and mobile power centralized in Tripoli and the nucleus of the Libyan army’s new. In 1951 sent a group of army officers Sanusi to revive Britain cycle and language acquisition. When Libya gained its independence on December 24, 1951 began the Libyan government in the establishment of the army and sending military missions abroad and established a military school in 1953 in the city corner to produce batches of officers to fast until the return of the envoys from abroad.

Initially assigned command of the army officer English and then in 1954, the government chose the Libyan Kingdom Iraqi army training and was assigned to the best items and had them Brigade Shoukry Nadeem (1954 1956) and then Major General Adel your Raghib (1956 1958) and then Major General Sobhi Abdul Hameed (1958) and other officers Colonel Ahmed Shehab them and submitted Nouri pigment. Iraqi officers stopped the assignment after the Revolution of Iraq in 1958, and they were all with efficiency and ability and left behind an army coup overthrew the ideal Banazare them out and they are still at the top of their giving.

At the beginning of 1955 was an army may be Libya, but small number of its members and not more than two thousand soldiers and officers. Then opened the Royal Military College Benghazi year 1957 was to join the army voluntarily (5) years and a maximum of 7 years, In 1968, Libya began to take a system of conscription according to the year of birth beginning of 18 years where Joined compulsory for every young man to serve in the army of the Year to three years. Despite the lack of resources has established several schools for education and supply Alasnady (communicate with any, Transport, infantry, artillery, engineering field, engineering machinery and armor) and then form the Navy in 1963 and the air in 1964 and the unity of air defense in 1968, and so the army continues to work and who arrived numbering to About 350 officers and about ten thousand troops until September 1, 1969 when the coup pit.

13. surprised by what was said by the Prime Minister of Libya’s former Mustafa Ben Halim, a veteran politician, in his book “Libya emitting nation .. and the fall of the state” (Germany 2003) that Western intelligence services were not aware of the movement of junta Gaddafi as he calls it, with that book is full of evidence which confirm the presence of extensive contacts between the men of the American Embassy and their agents of Libyan civilians and military personnel (Supplement No. 8:00 508 513). Not only that, but the planners of the September coup Americans also wanted to “extend the influence of America on the tertiary and secondary education!” (R 510 512)

And also wonder what Ben Halim said that he had contacted eight senior officials of the Americans and the British, who all denied that any relationship to their countries coup in September 1969, with the knowledge that the fundamentals of major countries not to disclose any role in regime change. And it was only to ask Mahdoa adviser Mustafa, who has all the answers. We are certain that the statements of officials of Westerners and Americans in particular, but is part of the deception, he learned the Americans an important lesson after a failed coup in Syria, led by Hosni leader in the March 30, 1949, which lasted only four months and a half when Dean Sami Henawi launched his coup and executed Hosni leader and his burial in the cemetery French.

It is puzzling in what was written by Mustafa Ben Halim defense Ambassadors David Newsome and Joseph Palmer for Gaddafi and his regime during their meeting with President Richard Nixon (president of America from 1969 to 1974) in the White House and in the presence of Richard Helms, director of the Central Intelligence Agency, while saying at the same one: “Mr. President, Libya was signed by the coup and we have 30 years of cooperation and understanding with the new Libyan regime … “(Ibid, p 411)

Will Ambassadors masterminded a coup in September without the knowledge of the American administration? Is it concealed from the CIA? So for the benefit of Mustafa Mahdoa works and that he professes always that he was working for the Americans and that America wants to bring about change in Libya and they since late 1966, as noted in detail Salva found its match in the group lieutenants and she agreed with them on all issues, including the evacuation of bases and supply the coup with weapons ?

It also did not tell us Ben Halim in the books (the other book is “pages folded from the date of Libya’s political” Britain 1992) about the reason for his sudden to Benghazi where lives Mahdoa and Gaddafi on August 22, 1969 and leaving her on August 25 directly to Beirut, then to Zurich.

In conclusion news, it is taken to Mustapha Ben Halim failure to inform the Libyan authorities, especially the loyal friend of King Idris was what the Americans and Edberh Mahdoa. There are several former senior officials in the Libyan government who interpret the silence and lush party for what was being plotted in secret as in Defiance nemesis Colonel Abdulaziz Alhalaha and thwart the efforts of the Alhalaha authority.

14 Yahya Omar Saeed of the population of the western mountain town of Jadu, corner military school graduate, transfer to the police (federal police) and then the work of one of the oil companies. After leaving Libya work as an adviser to Sultan Qaboos ruler of Oman in the period from 1970 to 1981 at his residence in America was frequented by old friends in the CIA, especially Colonel James Kercfeld (former director of the Middle East Department to the CIA) and Gen. Joseph Capucci. It was one of his bodyguards at a time, the agency’s former agent named Felix Rodriguez, one of the key players in the process of “Contra” led by Colonel Oliver North in the era of President Ronald Reagan (President of the United States from 1981 to 1989)

It is striking attention Yahya Omar Libyan opposition. Does he worked for another party or is an awakening of conscience and atone for the sins of his people and in his own right? During the eighties was in contact with figures for the Libyan opposition and was the communications passing through his friend, who narrated from Libya on the coup leading Moneim Hun board member of the leadership of the coup the previous then head of the Libyan National Salvation then finally delegate Libyan permanent representative to the Arab League and culminated in those contacts to convene a meeting included 18 personal Libyan opposition from various factions in the farm Yahya Omar in Cairo on November 25, 1986.

In July 1987 and distributed the leadership of the National Front for the Salvation of Libya, the members of the 45-page memo came on page 12, including the following:

· The establishment of the elements prominent and important, which hosted a “Meet the farm” to inform the intelligence of some of the movements of Gaddafi Covert Front (Summer 86) and that the knowledge and the testimony of one of the other salient elements that attended that meeting.

· The existence of a relationship the most important elements for a “Meet the farm” and those who call him with Israeli intelligence, and his quest to arrange a meeting between them and the Libyan figures.

According to what is stated in the preceding two paragraphs can not say for sure who is a spy, and Gaddafi was in contact with the Mossad may have is the same as the person concerned in paragraphs. Certainly, who hosted the meeting, Omar and Yahya had emerged from the Cairo meeting invitations on behalf of Abdel Moneim Huni.

 

 

Yahya Omar died in Switzerland, November 3, 2003, leaving behind a fortune estimated in 1990 at about one billion dollars.

15 when he was arrested on the submitted Moussa Ahmed Gaddafi sent a polite officer Abdel Moneim Hun leading to the detainee to meet with the chairman and members of the military court looking for old issues of Ahmed Musa with these issues to consider. It was a deliberate intention to liquidate entirely. Asked the case file was precisely the facts occurred in Sabha in 1968 when he was deputy Musa Ahmed battalion commander there has occurred a dispute between him and the battalion commander Abdullah halloumi (School graduate corner) and a junior officer named Tmazina.

It is the facts of this case, said Lt. Ahmed Musa Tmazina that exploits his position to take the Cement Company, which built the airport of Sebha, a Bulgarian company and was its agent Pacific Hamouda. After examining the case before the court refused to accept the court proceedings because they are malicious and cement Cement is corrupt lying after the end of the company’s business took him to Ahmed Musa rebuilt by some of the places in the unit and acquitted Ahmed Musa and punished Lt. Tmazina. Gaddafi and disappointed and did not find what owes Ahmed Musa.

16 It is inhuman practices during the reign of the coup proceeded Libyan authorities in the seventies Gaddafi ordered the removal of a mosque and the tomb of Sidi Hamouda Martyrs Square in Tripoli have been torn down for the night with explosives. And followed it to demolish the tomb of Sheikh martyrs Omar Mukhtar place in the center of the city of Benghazi and the transfer of his remains, despite the objections of his son, Mohammed, and buried in the city of Sellouk remote small … and we saw then how he became the tomb of Mohammed Ibomenaar Gaddafi’s father Muammar Gaddafi cemetery Hani Tripoli shrine by official ceremonies State for official delegations coming to Libya.

On November 9, 1984 issued orders to demolish the shrine of Imam renewed Mr. Mohammed bin Ali al-Sanusi (1787 1859), founder of the reformist movement Senussi blessed found the founder of modern Libya. Assigned to this cousin Gaddafi officer Hassan forms where he dug up the tomb of the Imam and the tomb of his son, Mr. Muhammad Sharif Jaghbub angle. It also exhumed the graves of my grandson Imam Messrs Mohammed Reza and Mohammed Safi al-Din, as well as the tomb of Imam Imran smelting Ben Barka Faitouri. In the closet “mothers” attached to the shrine of Imam Mr. graves of two of the wives of the Imam and ten grandchildren (boys Messrs Mohammed Mahdi and Mohammed Sharif build Imam) who died at a young age. And all the remains were buried in an unknown place and the bodies of the Imam and his son, Mr. Muhammad Sharif has been placed in a military vehicle and Rmita in the desert near the city of Ajdabiya.

A few days after one of the shepherds found the bodies of Mr. Imam and his son, Mr. Muhammad Sharif and were in any case not a natural surface on it Tthlla murder informed the police, which has transferred the bodies to the morgue of the city of Ajdabiya where they were identified. When the matter reached to Muammar Gaddafi sent a general speed military vehicle to transport the bodies Tahertyn towards the city of Tripoli. Rumour has it that they buried the camp of the Bab al-Aziziya. At the same time and in the cemetery attached to the shrine of Sidi Rafi Ansari Bawhita exhumed gentlemen Senussi and demolish the tomb of Mr. Saddik Sanusi, as well as the tomb of Abraham Alhalaha.

After two weeks of the year and did shameful At Hassan forms was killed by his cousin Muammar Gaddafi inside the Bab al-Aziziya camp “as well as attach some other oppressors what they earn.”

One of these inhumane practices what happened to Sheikh Abdulrahman Aladola born in Tripoli in 1943, from a middle class family. Lost his sight at a young age. And his father’s face and God’s mercy for religious education Vajtahed even enrolled to study at the Institute of Ahmed Pasha religious object area Dahra, Tripoli. After graduating appointed teacher of Islamic religion in public schools. He was a devout, suave manners, good Muasher. Sheikh Abdul Rahman, who was arrested in November 1980 in the campaign, which affected undecided on the palace mosque in Tripoli, where he was the martyr Sheikh Mohammed Alepeshta thrown Moaedh and religious lessons, and no charges against him Sheikh Abdulrahman prison for four years. After his release from prison was forced to return to work in the field of teaching in order to earn a living, his dependents.

In 1989 he was taken Sheikh Fadel back to prison and remained there eleven years without directing any specific charge him, but during his interrogation he heard one of the investigators says to his colleague: “This guy is something Mafeesh him, Lech Amkhlinh here!” In 2003, Sheikh Abdul-rahman retired from teaching.

During the bloody events of Abu Salim prison in June 1996 killing of Sheikh Saad Kiton was also blind. Has ignored Arab and international media to ignore the talk about the terrible massacre of Abu Salim, which claimed the lives of more than a thousand prisoners Libby buried in secret mass graves.

17 Ironically be imprisoned Sheikh Jalil Abdul Hamid and rider bridges Alabbar companion martyrs Sheikh Omar Mukhtar after a coup in September 1969, has been quoted him while in prison, he said something to the effect: “If Sidi Omar (Omar Mukhtar intended) for the neighborhood was brighter in Halldoarh ! (ie, with us in the chamber prison).

18. reached from a source of confidence close to Sheikh Abdahamidalabar that King Idris had written a will leaving under rule of Colonel Abdulaziz Alhalaha, has freed four copies of wills: one to a friend of King’s political Qadeer Mahmoud victor, which if successful Alhalaha in control, it will be prime minister .. and another copy to the President of the House of Representatives and the third key Araguib with Sheikh Abdul Hameed Alabbar, chairman of the Senate and a fourth at the age Alhalaha. But the winds do not come crave ships have leaked information about the commandment to planners who ordered the coup Americans need to do to accelerate the Banqlabhm Mstvdan from the air formatted Colonel al-Halaha.

19 Libyan government sent two batches of students to study the Egyptian Military Academy. She graduated the first batch (batch arms Czech) in 1954 and graduated second in 1956 and included twelve officers, and the officers, graduates were: Mohammed bin Amer, Saleh Subaihi, carp bin Taher, Ahmed bin Fayed, Hussein Ferjany, Abdulaziz Alhalaha, Tahir Boukaiqis, key researcher, Muhammad Tome, Saad Eddin Abuchuirb, Nouri Zrivian, Mahmoud Bin Naji, Abdullah Souissi, Hassouna Ashour, Aoun Rhouma penthouse, Saleh Aezzabi, Abdulsalam Alchukhucka, Ramadan Ben Salah, and the clean Henchen, who died shortly after his graduation in an accident there Searh.ccant payments individual to Egypt: Salah Hinhiri (Air), Mohammed bin Naji (who has been incident free) and Anwar Salem (freely), and the latter refused to join the Navy and turned to work as a civilian.

20 Although the laws in force at the time to prevent the military from foreign marriage only that Colonel Hussein Ferjany married American woman who converted to Islam and pronounced the testimony in the Office of the Mufti of Libya in 1963, Colonel Abdulaziz Alhalaha is also married to an English lady was the widow of his brother, the late Bosairy.

21 in 1952 sent the first batch of military to Iraq, and it includes five students, out of whom four, and were the first forms of graduating from the Army, three infantry and one artillery, and they are: Mohiuddin Almsaudy (artillery), on Falba, F Ibouhlqh, Mustafa Alqriteley ( pedestrian). The colleague Mohammed Alqog have died by drowning in the Tigris River before graduating. Then I started coming in payments to Iraq. I sent four missions in successive years, 54.55, 56 and 1957. The study period of three years, with the exception of batch 36, followed by training after graduation. We mentioned above the names of the employees of Batch 33 (19541957) which was the biggest payments sent to the outside and the following are the names of employees of the rest of the payments:

Batch 34 (1955 1958)
Omar Henchen, we Mukhtar, Mohamed Ali Ahmed Aldharat, Mustafa Yusuf Abuzaacoc and pepper.

Batch 35 (1956 1959)
Naseeruddin Hamann, Ibrahim Rashid, Abdel Hadi Bacouche, Joseph Toumi Shaibani, Hafeez Almiar, Salem al-Sharif, the Alaclai, Siddiq Ismail, Taher Abu Zeid Chaouch and Makki.

Batch 36 (1957 1959)
Employees of this installment was mostly holding preparatory certificate and was supposed to graduate officers, deputies and then after three years Athsaloa the rank of officer, after graduation, but they were given the rank of officer, causing discontent within the army. They are not trained on the weapon effectively, but for self-defense and the affairs of Supply and storage, finance and supply any extensions army was the last batch of Iraq and graduates are:
Sadiq Nasof, on Bhron, Nouri al-Aradi, Mustafa Nuri, Da’uki Mukhtar, Mohammad Jahmi, Saleh Abdul Hafeez, Abdul Hameed Mdord, thrones and raised key intruder.

In addition to payments, Egypt, Iraq, and before the opening of the Royal Military College Benghazi in 1957, sent a group of students for training in Turkey and they are: Abubakar Alzklaa (artillery), Fathallah Ezzedine (armor), Mohammed Haman (avionics), Tahir Al_husoma (airline) and Mansour Al Badr (freely)

22 Colonel Saleh al-Sanusi graduate installment Iraq 33 years 1957 to get the degree of Staff of war from Britain. Was characterized by serious and continuous briefing. Before the September coup was serving as the commander of an infantry battalion in the tuber. After the coup was imprisoned for several days, then farther ambassador to Congo, then ambassador to Jordan and Iraq. Summoned to Libya in 1981, despite the advice of his friends Iraqis him not to return because Gaddafi will not forgive him I did where he was imprisoned without trial for seven years because he burned the pictures harm to Arab head of state, which the late President Anwar Sadat in the chimney of the Libyan embassy in Baghdad was Gaddafi has sent with one of his ilk. And Colonel Gaddafi in favor of the expulsion of envoy and asked him to return immediately where it came from and did not allow him to stay for one night in Baghdad. After his release from prison, Colonel Saleh resorted to Egypt, where he stayed on the fact that he passed away in July 1996.

23 pilot Ben Fathi Taher had fled aircraft led 33 fellow pilot Captain Ahmed Sharef Ferjany key to the airport Hassi Messaoud in Algeria in early June 1967 for the purpose of participating in the war Ddasraúal in 1967, has the government of President Houari Boumediene extradite him with his colleague to the Libyan authorities after ten days of their escape! Was sentenced them to a special military court sentenced to five years and directed from the army. In the year 1970 was convicted Captain Sharef key involvement in the coup attempt led by Adam submitted Alhawwaz and imprisoned for eighteen years.
24 were in favor of Buisier of the most ardent and supporters of the coup in September, but that with the passage of time has become aware of some of the mysteries and secrets of the coup, making it professes to one of his friends visited him in his home in February 1973 that he decided to go to Cairo, where he was a member of the National Assembly of the Federal will not return to Libya because he cheated on Gaddafi. On the day of Wednesday, February 21, 1973 shot down Israeli warplanes overflew the Libyan Sinai Boeing, which was carrying a valid Buisier who took him in the plane a large sum of money estimated at about half his fortune in Libya.

ORIGINAL TEXT:

المعارضة الليبية

31 01 2007, 01:35 AM

القصة الكاملة

لحركة الضباط الوحدوين الأحرار في سبتمبر 1969

خفايا وأسرار
http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//gaddaficoup.jpg

تمـهـيد

أعود بفضل الله ومنته للكتابة من على هذا المنبر الوطني المتميز بعد رحلة علاج واستجمام استمرت لعدة أشهر كللت بالنجاح والحمد لله، وأسال الله لي ولكم دوام العافية والمعافاة في الدنيا والآخرة.

الغرض من مراجعة وتحديث هذا البحث هو تقديم المزيد من المعلومات والشواهد والقرائن الهامة عن خلفيات حركة “الضباط الوحدوون الأحرار” في فاتح سبتمبر 1969 وكشف العلاقة الوثيقة التي كانت قائمة قبل الإنقلاب ـ ثم تعززت بعده ـ مع جهات أجنبية وشخصيات مشبوهة أو ذات علاقات مشبوهة بقوى خارجية. ومن أهم وأخطر هذه الشخصيات هو القاضي ورجل القانون مصطفى المهدوي.

تـقـديـم

لاقت مقالة الكاتب مفتاح فرج عن أسرار وخفايا الإنقلاب العسكري الذي انطلق من بنغازي عند الساعة الثانية من صباح يوم الإثنين فاتح سبتمبر 1969، التي نشرت على موقع أخـبار ليـبـيافي 29 مايو 2005 إقبالا منقطع النظير من قبل القراء. ويتجلى ذلك في عدد القراءات الذي سجلته والبالغ ما يقرب من 14 ألف قراءة.
كاتب المقالة عاصر ذلك الحدث الهام، وهو شاهد عيان على الكثير من المواقف والوقائع التي يسردها فيها. وقد حرص على إعدادها بطرقة علمية وبحثية متقنة، متحريا الدقة والإنصاف في عرض الحقائق والوقائع كما عاصرها شخصيا.
كما حرص الكاتب على استقاء المعلومات من مصادرها الرئيسية وتفادي نقل الروايات دون التحقق من صحتها، واعتمد في غالبية ما كتب على ما رآه أو سمعه مباشرة أو ما نقله عن مصادره الأصلية.
بعد نشر المقالة الأولى وردت إلينا استفسارات واستيضاحات حول عدة نقاط أحلناها على الكاتب الذي قام مشكورا بمراجعتها وأخذها في الاعتبار. كما تفضل بإضافة معلومات جديدة على قدر كبير من الأهمية في سياق الموضوع.
ونظرا لتعرض الكاتب لوعكة صحية دامت عدة أشهر، فقد تأخر إعداد هذه النسخة المزيدة المنقحة. وإذ ندعو له بالشفاء الكامل ودوام الصحة والعافية وطول العمر يسرنا أن ننشر المقالة مضافا إليها أقوال وصور لشخصيات مذكورة فيها بعضها ينشر لأول مرة. وذلك زيادة في الفائدة وإسهاما في تسجيل تاريخ ليبيا وتوثيقه وتوفير المعلومات الصحيحة للأجيال القادمة.
ولعل نشر هذه المقالة الوثائقية التاريخية يكون حافزا لشخصيات ليبية أخرى عاصرت تلك الفترة، وربما ساهمت في صنع أحداثها أو كانت شاهد عيان عليها، أن تبادر بالكتابة وإلقاء الضوء على مزيد من تلك الأحداث والوقائع تعميما للفائدة واستكمالا للصورة.
أخـبار ليـبـيا ـ 31 أغسطس 2006

وقد لفت انتباهنا الإقبال الهائل للقارئ الليبي على مقالتنا الأولي حيث زاد عدد القراءات عن 13 ألف قراءة. كما رصدنا رد فعل أجهزة النظام الليبي، من محاولاته لتدمير موقع “أخـبار ليـبـيا” لنشرها المقالة(1) ، إلى ما جاء على لسان العقيد القذافي في خطابه يوم 11 يونيو 2005 في ذكرى خروج القوات الأمريكية من ليبيا. (2)

إن المعلومات والحقائق التي أصبحت اليوم في متناول الباحثين والمؤرخين، والتي نكشف بعضها في هذه المقالة، تجعل من الأمانة العلمية والتاريخية مراجعة الحيثيات والظروف والمعطيات التي نفذت فيها عملية فاتح سبتمبر 1969، وتحديد دور القوى الدولية والإقليمية والمحلية فيها، أو مدى تبنيها ودعمها لها بعد أن نجحت.

لقد أثبتت المعلومات التي نشرت منذ قيام حركة سبتمبر 1969 أن الإنقلاب العسكري لم يكن مفاجأة للعديد من الشخصيات العسكرية والسياسية داخل ليبيا ولبعض المراقبين الدوليين والقوى الدولية وعلى رأسها الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية. كما بينت أن نجاح الإنقلاب لم يكن لأسباب وعوامل موضوعية صرف بل إن ظروفا معينة ومفارقات وأطراف عديدة ساهمت في تسهيل سيطرة حركة الضباط الصغار على السلطة وزمام الأمور في البلاد دون إراقة دماء أو مصادمات مسلحة.

لقد اعتبر كثير من الكتاب والمؤرخين ـ الليبيون منهم بصورة خاصة ـ أن تورط القوات المسلحة الليبية في انقلاب عسكري ضد النظام الملكي المستقر آنذاك كان مغامرة لا داعي ولا مبرر لها، ومنهم من ذهب إلى القول بأنها “مؤامرة أمريكية صهيونية بل وماسونية أيضاً”!! وقد حرصت في هذه المقالة على تقديم الوقائع والحقائق والملابسات والروايات والربط بينها بكل دقة وموضوعية. وأرجو من إخوتى منتسبي القوات المسلحة ـ التى ربما كانت هي المتضرر الأول والضحية الأكبر للعهد الجديد ـ التمعن في ما جاء في هذه المقالة ومراجعة أنفسهم ومواقفهم تجاه الوطن والمواطنين وأن يعوا الدروس تحاشيا للتورط في المزيد من المغامرات والكوارث التي لا يرجى منها لبلادنا العزيزة أي خير.

لقد كانت العقود الثلاثة الماضية سنين إبتلاء وتمحيص لجميع الليبيين… مدنيين وعسكريين، حكاما ومحكومين. ولقد حان الوقت أن تتوحد صفوف المخلصين من أبناء هذا الوطن وينبذوا ما بينهم من فوارق وخلافات وأن يتسلحوا بالعلم والإيمان والعمل بجد وإتقان بما يرضى الله ورسوله.. وألا يدعوا لليأس والتشاؤم سبيلا إلى نفوسهم. فهذه ليست من شيم المؤمنين، ونصر الله آت للمظلومين وأصحاب الحقوق لا محالة وسيلقى العملاء والظلمه عقابهم، وسيجتمع الشمل وستعود بإذن الله البسمة والمحبة والحقوق لأهلها في ربوع بلدنا الحبيب.

تحية لكل النفوس والقلوب الحية من أبناء شعبنا الصابر ونبشر الظالمين والمفسدين بنهاية وخيمة لن تنفع في ردها الملايين ولا المليارات المسروقة من خزينة الشعب الليبي والمودعة بأسماء الأبناء والأقارب والأحفاد في سبع دول، ولا القوات الخاصة ولا حتى الخلايا العسكرية النائمة في النمسا وكندا.

تحية للشهداء الأبرار وللمناضلين في السجون، وتحية للعلماء وللقضاة الذين تصدوا ومازالوا يتصدون للظلم والقمع والإفتراء والتضليل. وتحية إلى كل المناضلين الشرفاء في داخل ليبيا وخارجها…

هذه المقالة مهداة لجموع الشعب الليبي باسره وللأجيال القادمة، ونرجو أن تكون بإذن الله خطوة على الطريق الصحيح في التأريخ لانقلاب سبتمبر 1969. ويرجى من الإخوة القراء الرجوع إلى المقالة من حين لآخر فقد تضاف إليها معلومات جديدة، مع تصويب أخطائنا إن وجدت.. ونرجو من كل من لديه تعليق أو معلومة أو صورة يرى أنها يمكن أن تثرى المقالة فليبادر بإرسالها إلينا وسيسعدنا إضافتها للمقالة. وجزاكم الله خيراً
مفتاح فرج

إهــداء

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//zubairsanousi.jpg

هذه الوثيقة التاريخية مهداة إلى المناضل الكبير السيد أحمد الزبير السنوسي الذى ذاق مرارة النفيّ القسري ثم السجن الإنفرادي واحداً وثلاثين عاماً، فاستحق بجدارة أن يوصف بأنه نيلسون مانديلا الليبي.

البـدايـة

في يوم خميس من شهر فبراير 1962 طلب رئيس أركان الجيش الليبي اللواء نورى الصديق بن اسماعيل من مدير مكتبه إحضار رئيس شركة أوكسيدنتال للنفط الأمريكية آرمند هامر(3) (1898 ـ1990) من مطار لبرق القريب من مدينة البيضاء ثم أخذه الى قصر السلام بطبرق لمقابلة الملك محمد إدريس السنوسي.

حضر هامر، وكان مكلفاً بمهمة خاصة من إدارة الرئيس الأمريكي جون كنيدي، بطائرة خاصة من جزيرة كريت اليونانية وبرفقته سكرتير. وفى قصر السلام كان فى استقباله عند الباب الخلفي للقصر البوصيرى إبراهيم الشلحي (توفى في حادث سيارة سنة 1964 وعمره ثلاثة وثلاثون عاماً) ناظر الخاصة الملكية والدكتور على الساحلي (4) رئيس الديوان الملكي. كان هامر يعتمر قبعة كبيرة ويرتدى حذاء ذا كعب عال مثل أحذية الكاوبوي.

اقتاد البوصيرى ضيفه إلى الدور الثانى لمقابلة الملك محمد إدريس محمد المهدى السنوسي (5) (1890 ـ 1983) ودامت المقابلة نحو ساعتين ونصف عاد بعدها هامر إلى مطار لبرق واستقل طائرته مغادرا البلاد وكانت عقارب الساعة تشير إلى الواحدة بعد منتصف الليل.

بعد عدة أيام التقى علي الساحلي بصديق له عند مقهى علي الطيرة قرب مدينة المرج وحكى له ما تم في تلك المقابلة فقال: بدأ (آرمند هامر) حديثه بأن سلم على الملك ثم تقدم إليه بطلبات قائلا: يامولانا، خلال الأشهر الثلاثة الماضية، أى منذ بداية تصدير البترول، صار لكم رصيد لا بأس به من العملة الصعبة، وسيزداد مع الأيام سواء بارتفاع السعر او زيادة الضخ.. ولهذا فإن حكومتنا (الأمريكية) تطلب من جلالتكم أن تخصموا من مستحقاتكم نسبة كذا (حددها) من السنتات لمساعدة الدول الفقيرة فى أفريقيا، ولن يؤثر ذلك على دخلكم.

كان رد الملك واضحا وقاطعاً مذكراً إياه بعدة نقاط نقلها مستشار الملك د. عوني الدجاني إلى هامر قائلا:
http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//kidris.jpgأولا: بلادنا في أول أطوار البناء والإصلاح وقد بدأنا في خطة تنمية وإسكان.
ثانياً: لقد تضررت ليبيا أكثر من أي بلد آخر بسبب الإستعمار الإيطالي بجانب ما لحق بها من تدمير للمنشآت بسبب معارك وقعت على أراضيها.
ثالثاً: إن هناك دولا عربية ساندتنا أيام محنتنا هى أولى بالمساعدة.
رابعاً: مَن أف ـقر أفريقيا ونهب ثروتها وأخذ أبناءها عبيداً؟
خامساً: إننا لو فكرنا في هذا الأمر فإنه من الضروري عرضه على البرلمان مثل الكونجرس عندكم.

وعند نزول هامر السلم سمعه الساحلي يقول: “هذا البلد لا يحتاج الى كونجرس، نحن نريد شخصا واحدا نتفاهم معه”. وكان تعليق الساحلي لصديقه في مقهى علي الطيرة: “أنا والله خفت من هذه الكلمة الأخيرة، إنهم قد يدبروا إنقلاب لنا، الأمريكان دول مجانين”.

وها هى تمر السنون ويحقق النظام الحاكم في ليبيا طلبات أمريكا واليهودي آرمند هامر بالكامل وزيادة، ويضع إمكانيات الخزانة الليبية تحت تصرف السياسة الأمريكية في أفريقيا، ولعل آخرها كان في شهر أبريل الماضي عندما أمر العقيد القذافي بتخصيص خمسة مليارات من الدولارات لصرفها علىمشاريع استثمارية في أفريقيا دونما استشارة ل ـ”برلمان” أو “مؤتمر شعب عام” أو حتى “كونجرس”.

وكلف القذافي كلا من الضابط أحمد رمضان الأصيبعي (سكرتير قلم القائد( ومحمد حسين لياس بالإشراف على توزيع هذه الأموال. والقذافي لا يفعل هذا حباً في أفريقيا أو الأفريقيين وإنما إرضاءً لأمريكا ونكاية في الشعب الليبي، وتوهما منه أنه يبني قوة عظمى إسمها “الولايات المتحدة الأفريقية” سوف ينصب هو أول رئيس لها مدى حياته.

ولا يسعنا الا أن نذكر هنا أحد المواقف النبيلة والمشرفة للملك إدريس والحكومة الليبية وكان ذلك أثناء انعقاد مؤتمر القمة العربي بالقاهرة فى يناير 1964 حين تبرعت ليبيا بمبلغ 55 مليون جنيه لصالح المجهود الحربي العربي سنوياً، بينما تبرعت السعودية بمبلغ 40 مليون جنيه والكويت بمبلغ 15 مليون جنيه. كان الرئيس جمال عبدالناصر في غاية السرور، مما جعله يقترح أن يكون الضابط الليبي وعضو الوفد الليبي في مؤتمر القمة العقيد الركن رمضان مصطفى بن صلاح (6) أحد مساعدي الفريق علي علي عامر القائد العام للقيادة العربية الموحدة وزميل الفريق عبدالمنعم رياض رئيس أركان الجيش المصري فيما بعد. استشهد الفريق رياض يوم الأحد 9 مارس 1969 وهو يتابع بنفسه سير المعارك على جبهة قناة السويس.

التجنـيد

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//hasanreda.jpg

بعد مقابلة آرمند هامر للملك إدريس، وبعد أن فشلت أمريكا في استمالة ولي العهد السيد الحسن الرضا السنوسي (7) (1928 ـ1992) أثناء زيارته لأمريكا في اكتوبر 1962 والتى دامت شهراً كاملا، بدأت المخابرات الأمريكية تبحث عن عملاء لها في الوسط المدني والعسكري. لقد كان لأمريكا ثلاثة أهداف رئيسة في منطقة الشرق الأوسط:

أولها: محاصرة المد الشيوعي والقضاء عليه بعد أن قلصت بريطانيا قواتها ونفوذها في المنطقة خصوصاً بعد حرب السويس سنة 1956
والثاني: ضمان تدفق النفط.
والثالث: ضمان بقاء وتفوق الكيان الصهيوني في فلسطين.

ومن أجل تحقيق هذه الأهداف كرست أمريكا جهدها لإقامة حكومات تدين لها بالتبعية في المنطقة. وبعد اكتشاف النفط في أبريل 1959 أصبحت ليبيا هدفاً للهيمنة والأطماع الأمريكية.
في بداية الأمر اهتمت المخابرات والسفارة الأمريكية بقيادة السفير ديفيد نيوسم (الذى شغل منصب سفير من أكتوبر 1965 إلى يونيو 1969) بالضباط خريجي مدرسة الزاوية العسكرية (8) وبعض ضباط كتائب طرابلسوأغلبهم برتبة نقيب أو رائد، وفتحت لهم بوابة مطار الملاحة (ويلس) بطرابلس بأن أنشأتعدة بارات ومراقص كان أشهرها بار كريزي هورس (Crazy Horse) حيثيذهب الضباط من جيش وشرطة لاحتساء الخمور ومجالسة الفتيات.

وكانت أكثر المشروبات تقدم للحاضرين مجانا أو بأسعار رمزية زهيدة. وزرعوا بين الضباط رواد تلك الأماكن عملاء عرباً أغلبهم فلسطينيون. كل هذا لأجل مراقبتهم واختيار من يصلح منهم للتعاون والدعم. ولكن السلطات الأمريكية نفضت أيديها عن أولئك الضباط بعد ما أدركت أن أغلبهم لا يصلح للمهمة.

سببت مسألة تردد ضباط ليبيين على مطار الملاحة ازعاجاًً وقلقاً شديدين للواء نوري الصديق بن اسماعيل9 رئيس أركان الجيش الليبي، فأصدر قرارا في بداية 1962 وزع على المعسكرات يمنع الضباط من ارتياد الحانات. كما كلف الإستخبارات العسكرية بمراقبة مداخل القاعدة وحصر المترددين على المطار من العسكريين الليبيين خصوصاً الذين يترددون على حفلات الشواذ.

بعد فترة وجيزة اكتشف ضباط المراقبة بقيادة المقدم نصرالدين هامان نائب رئيس الإستخبارات العسكرية ومسئول إستخبارات طرابلس، أمورا كثيرة أثارت الريبة والشكوك. وكان ثلاثة من الضباط الليبيين قد استقالوا من الجيش وتسلموا وظائف في القاعدة.

نجح الأمريكان في تجنيد أربعة ضباط من الرتب الصغيرة أثناء وجودهم في أمريكا لحضور دورات تدريبية، ورسب أغلبهم في الإختبار العملي مثل نوري شعلان (وهذا هو اسمه الحركي لدى المخابرات الأمريكية) والمعروف بتهوره وحبه للظهور، والذى كشفته المخابرات المصرية بكل سهولة في يوليو 1966 أثناء وجوده في القاهرة في مهمة ساذجة لجمع معلومات للمخابرات الأمريكية. عند وصوله إلى مطار بنغازى قادماً من القاهرة هرع شعلان إلى اللواء نوري الصديق رئيس الأركان ـ الذى كان في المطار آنذاك لاستقبال رئيس الأركان التركي ـ وسرد له تفاصيل ما كان يفعل في القاهرة ظاناً أن الضباط المتجمعين في المطار كانوا في انتظاره للقبض عليه. أدلى شعلان باعتراف كامل حول مهمته وحكم عليه بالحبس سنة وإخراج من الجيش.

واصل الأمريكان محاولاتهم لإيجاد من يحقق رغباتهم في ليبيا. فقد شعروا أنهم إذا لم يتحركوا بسرعة فسيؤول الحكم لا محالة للعقيد الركن عبدالعزير إبراهيم الشلحي. فقد تأكدوا أن العقيد الشلحي الذى يتمتع بكفاءة عسكرية وحائز على ثقة الملك إدريس ـ الذى كان يكلفه بالمهام الخاصة(10) ـ كان يعد العدة لتولي الحكم عبر إنقلاب سلمي. كما أن له ميولا قومية ولربما فطنوا لاتصالاته بالقيادة المصرية

الإخـتراق

قامت أمريكا منذ نهاية الخمسينيات بإنشاء شبكة من العملاء و”الأصدقاء الموالين” في ليبيا!! والصنف الأخير كان يضم عسكريين من جيش وشرطة ورجال أعمال وموظفين ومحامين. وسنتكلم هنا عن أخطر وأهم عميل لأمريكا في ليبيا ولربما في الشرق الأوسط، ألا وهو مصطفى كمال المهدوي المحامي. (11)

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//mahdawi.jpg

مصطفى المهدوي من مواليد مصر سنة 1932. تخرج من كلية الحقوق بالإسكندرية سنة 1959، ومن زملاء دفعته بالكلية إبراهيم الفقية حسن. عقب رجوعه إلى ليبيا عمل المهدوي بالقسم الفني بالمحكمة العليا بطرابلس. وهو مقيم حالياً بمنطقة الفويهات الغربية ببنغازى. كان ذا ثقافة واسعة، لبق الحديث. جندته المخابرات الأمريكية بسبب صلته العائلية والحميمة بمصطفى بن حليم رئيس الوزراء السابق.

كون المهدوي خلال فترة وجيزة صداقات كثيرة بين العسكريين والمدنيين. فمثلا كانت تعقد في بيته بطرابلس اجتماعات لمثقفين وشباب من طليعة النخب الفكرية والثقافية والعلميةفي البلاد، ضمت من الليبيين على وريث ـ رئيس تحرير جريدة البلاغ ـ (توفىفى حادث سيارة في طريق عودته من مصراته إلى طرابلس في نوفمبر 1970)والمحامي إبراهيم بشير الغويل (كان في نفس السيارة التى قتل فيها المرحوم على وريث ونجا من الحادث).

ومن الفلسطينيين د. أحمد صدقي الدجاني ود. أنيس القاسم، وعيسى القاسم، وفريد أبووائل ومن الأردن نواف جرادات، وغيرهم… بالإضافه إلى أصدقائه الضباط الأمريكان الذين كانوا يحضرون في بعض الأحيان حفلات أعياد ابنته الصغيرة.

كان المهدوى أثناء سكنه في طرابلس يقضى أيام الجمع مستجماً في مزرعة عائلة توفيق غرغور وكان صديقاً لإبنهم حبيب. في سنة 1970 استولت السلطات الليبية على المزرعة وعلى الفلل التى حولها ووزعتها بعد تقسيمها على عدد من المقربين واحتفظ العقيد القذافي لنفسه بأحسن تلك الفلل. وغرغور مواطن فلسطيني قدم للعيش في ليبيا بلد العدل والآمان بعد أن أمم الرئيس جمال عبدالناصر أمواله وممتلكاته في مصر ظلماً وعدواناً أوائل الستينيات، وهو ليس “واحد أجنبي أفاّق” كما نعته العقيد القذافي في خطابه يوم 1 مايو 2006. والقذافي حشر اسم غرغور في خطابه بعد أن بلغه خبر تقديم عائلة غرغور دعوى قضائية خارج ليبيا من أجل استرداد أموالهم وممتلكاتهم التى نهبت في ليبيا.

بالنسبه لنشاطاته داخل المؤسسة العسكرية الليبية فقد تعرف المهدوي “الإنسان البسيط والقاضي العادي” كما وصف نفسه على مجموعة من الضباط من بينهم النقيب عبدالحميد الجدايمي (خريج الكلية العسكرية بنغازي) والنقيب مصطفى نوري (خرّيج العراق) وضباط آخرون من ذوي الرتب الصغيرة. واتفقوا فيما بينهم على وضع مخطط تنفذه وحدات من كتيبة الدروع الأولى، ومقرها مدينة الخمس، بالتنسيق مع ضباط أمريكان موجودين بمطار مصراته لاعتقال الملك إدريس أثناء سفره براً إلى طرابلس وذلك في شهر فبراير 1966 وإجباره على التنازل على العرش لنخبة من الضباط ثم تعلن الثورة.

إلا أن هذا المشروع مات فى مهده بسبب سذاجته وأيضاً لرفض بعض الضباط الكبار التعاون معهم.

وكما كان معلوماً مسبقاً للأمريكان وللمهدوي حضر الملك إدريس إلى طرابلس براً في فبراير 1966، وكان غالباً ما يسافر بلا حراسة، وكان رفيقه الوحيد دائماً هو سائقه الرائد عبدالمولي. إلا أنه في هذه المرة كان يرافقه في سيارة أخرى اللواء مفتاح بوشاح (توفي في يوليو 1971) قائد قوات الأمن، وفي هذه الرحلة عالج الملك أسنانه في مستشفى مطار الملاحة الأمريكي.

كان المهدوي كثير التردد على قاعدة الملاحة الأمريكية وكان يدخلها بكارنيه (بطاقة) خاص يحمل رقم 157 صدر له من قيادة القاعدة. كان يشترى بعض حاجياته من متجر BX الموجود داخل المطار دون أن يدفع ثمنها، فقد كان لديه حساب مفتوح بصفته ضابط التجنيد الرئيسي. كانت مهمته الأساسية هى استقطاب الضباط الليبيين ثم دعوتهم للذهاب إلى القاعدة حتى يتمكن ضباط الإستخبارات الأمريكان من التعرف عليهم عن قرب، وكانت تقدم لهم المشروبات والمرطبات بالإضافه لبعض الهدايا من متجر BX.

في أغسطس من عام 1966 توجه المهدوي إلى كل من الأردن والكويت والبحرين ـ وربما الإمارات العربية التي كانت آنذاك تحت الوصاية البريطانية ـ برفقة وفد رفيع المستوى من المخابرات الأمريكية. واستغرقت الرحلة نحو عشرين يوماً، وفي نفس الرحلة زار إسرائيل. أخبرنا المهدوي عن زيارته للكويت والقدس (أخبار ليبيا 11 فبراير 2006) ـ هو طبعاً لم يحدد أي قدس ـ والمؤكد أنه زار القدس الغربية حيث تلقى علاجاً للأسنان في مستشفى هاداسا الاسرائيلي الكائن بمنطقة عين كريم.

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//isa.jpg

ونسي المهدوي أن يخبرنا عن زيارته للبحرين حيث قابل أميرها الشيخ عيسى بن سلمان آل خليفة (1933 ـ 1999) الذى أهداه هدايا قيمة، منها عباية مذهبة وساعة ثمينة عليها صورة الأمير. وندعو الله أن يطيل في عمر المهدوي ليحكي لنا الأسباب الحقيقية لزيارته لهذه الدول.

قبل حرب يونيو 1967 اتخذ جهاز أمن الدولة الذى كان يرأسه العقيد إسماعيل التويجيري قراراً لكشف نشاط عملاء أمريكا في ليبيا والحد منه، وكان على رأسهم مصطفى المهدوي، وذلك بالتنسيق مع الإستخبارات العسكرية والمخابرات الإنجليزية. وبسبب نشاطاته الواسعة وشبه العلنية، مستخدماً سيارته الفوكسل الخضراء في تنقلاته، قررت أجهزة الأمن الليبية تضييق الخناق عليه.

كما قام كل من اللواء نورى الصديق رئيس الأركان وعبدالحميد البكوش الذى كان وزيراً للعدل ثم رئيساً للوزراء، وبدافع الحس الوطني، بتنبيه بعض من مرؤسيهم بعدم الإتصال وبضرورة قطع علاقتهم بالعميل الخطير ـ حسب تعبيرهم ـ والمعروف لديهم بمصطفى المهدوي.

فى ربيع 1967 انتقل المهدوي للعمل في محكمة الإستئناف ببنغازى ليكون قريباً من معسكر قاريونس الذى كان يسمى “معسكر أمريكا” أو “معسكر المؤامرة” حيث كان يوجد العديد من مجموعة الضباط الوحدويون الأحرار وعلى رأسهم ملازم أول معمر بومنيار القذافي. فقد كلف المهدوي بمتابعة ملف الملازم معمر القذافي ـ بالإضافه لعمله الأساسي كضابط تجنيد ـ وكان يزوره بمعسكر قاريونس ببنغازى باستمرار لحين قيام إنقلاب سبتمبر. وكان القذافي، الضابط بسلاح الإشارة (المخابرة)، يسمح للمهدوي بإجراء مكالمات دولية من حجرة الإتصالات بالمعسكر.

في ربيع 1970 عرض القذافي على المهدوي تولى رئاسة محكمة الشعب فرفض (حسب ادعائه) لوجود علاقات عائلية بينه وبين بعض رجال العهد الملكي الذين مثلوا أمام تلك المحكمة، عندها طلب منه القذافي البقاء في عمله بمحكمة الإستئناف. وقام المهدوي بترشيح كل من القاضي عبدالعزيز النجار والشيخ محمود صبحى ليكونا أعضاء في المحكمة. إلا أن السبب الحقيقي لرفض المهدوي منصب رئاسة المحكمة هو لعلمه أنه كان عميلاً معروفاً ولو قبل لانكشفت الشبكة التي كان ينظمها للقيام بالإنقلاب… ولانتهت المسألة، لذا آثر البقاء بعيداً عن الأضواء.

ربما يعرف الكثير من الليبيين المواقف الوطنية للشيخ الفاضل محمود صبحى أثناء العهد الملكي ولكن القليل من يعرف مواقفه المبدأية والشجاعة أثناء عهد الإنقلاب. ولعل أقل موقف يحسب للشيخ الجليل ويكفيه فخراً هو قيامه بإرجاع مبلغ من المال أرسله له القذافي بعد أن زاره في بيته وشاهد أثاثه المتواضع.

فى معرض الحديث عن الوثائق السرية المفرج عنها من قبل الحكومة الأمريكية وردت الفقرة التالية بمجلة الإنقاذ التي كانت تصدرها الجبهة الوطنية لإنقاذ ليبيا (العدد 47، سبتمبر 1998، ص 20): “ويلاحظ أنه في إطار الإستكمال الدوري لهذه التقارير فقد وردت رسالة من وزير الخارجية الأمريكية المستر دين راسك مؤرخة في 18 أبريل 1968 إلى السفارة الأمريكية في طرابلس تحثها على استكمال المعلومات الواردة في بعض التقارير التى سبق إرسالها. ومن الملفت للنظر أن رسالة الوزير، التى تضمنت ملاحظات حول أكثر من مائة إسم، قد طلبت إزاء عدد محدود من هذه الأسماء تزويد الوزارة بكل شئ عنها(need everything) وهذه الأسماء هي:

العقيد يونس العمراني، العقيد مختار إبراهيم البنغازي، الزعيم سالم بن طالب (مدير عام أمن طرابلس)، دكتور محمد البشتي، دكتور شكرى غانم (خبير نفط)، محمد أبو عياد اللافي الحاسي (رجل أعمال)، كامل حسن المقهور (محام)، مصطفى المهدوي (قاضي)، المقدم محمود بن ناجي، محمد انقا (رجل أعمال)، الحاج محمد مصطفى الشيباني (رجل أعمال)، مقدم شرطة محمد السوداني، بشير الويفاتي (خبير زراعي)، عقيد شرطة يونس بالقاسم على (مسؤول الأمن الداخلي لعدة سنوات بعد الإنقلاب)”

ويمكننا طرح التساؤلات التالية:

· ما هى التوجهات السياسية للأشخاص المذكورين بالقائمة؟
· ما هو موقع ودور د. شكرى غانم في هذه المجموعة؟
· ما سبب وجود هوائي ضخم بمزرعة محمد إبراهيم انقا منذ أواسط الستينات؟ كان الرائد عبدالسلام إجلود بعد الإنقلاب يتردد بشكل شبه يومي على مزرعة انقا والذى صار في ما بعد مديراً لأموال إجلود المهربة في الخارج.
· هل هى الكفاءة وحدها التى جعلت من العقيد يونس بلقاسم مسئولا عن الأمن في ليبيا في عهد الإنقلاب لحين تقاعده قبل سنوات؟

تولى المرحوم كامل المقهور إدارة أموال عائلة القذافي المهربة إلى أوربا بعد وفاة مديرها السابق المرحوم الغرياني الذى كان يقيم في أسبانيا. وهناك معلومات تشير إلى أنه يتولى إدارتها الآن الملياردير محمد على الحويج نائب رئيس الوزراء الليبي الحالي.

المؤامـرة

كان عام 1966 بداية العد التنازلي للاستقرار في ليبيا. ففي خريف ذلك العام وبعد رجوعه من دورة تدريبية ببريطانيا (التي لم يوفق في إكمالها لعدم اجتيازه الإمتحانات كما يقول أحد رفاقه المقربين) وقع الإختيار على الملازم معمر القذافي ليكون المنفذ لمآرب أمريكا في ليبيا. وكان قد تعرض للمراقبة والإختبار لمدة سنة أي منذ تخرجه من الكلية العسكرية الملكية ببنغازى. (12) وعلى الفور بدأ الأمريكان في تدريبه وتوجيهه، وحمايته بطبيعة الحال، من أعين المخابرات الليبية والإنجليزية والمصرية. وشاءت الأقدار أن يكون مدرسه وموجهه السياسي سوى العميل وخبير الإنقلابات الزنديق مصطفى كمال المهدوي.

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//gedda.jpg

لقد درس الأمريكان تاريخ القذافي ونفسيته بدقة، فعرفوا عن وجود شائعات حول نسبه، وأنه طرد من مدارس سبها آواخر 1961 لسوء أخلاقه وشذوده وليس ـ كما يدعي ـ بسبب أعماله الوطنية، وهذا بشهادة مدرسيه. كما عرفوا أنه معجب بشخصية الرئيس المصري جمال عبدالناصر، وكان يتميز بالحذر والكتمان، ولديه طموح جارف للوصول إلى السلطة.

لقد أتت أمريكا بشخص مجهول وغير معروف بولائه لها حتى لا يجلب عليه المشاكل وينكشف أمره. ومما يؤكد ما كان معلوماً لدينا ما جاء في مقالة للسيد عبدالحميد البكوش نشرتها مجلة الوسط في 16 أكتوبر 1995: “… كان ضباط الإنقلاب صغاراً غير معروفين للناس. وذكرني ذلك بما قاله لي سفير أمريكي (ديفيد نيوسم؟) وأنا رئيس وزراء (من 26 ـ10 ـ1967 إلى 7 ـ9 ـ1968)، إذ كان يشك في رغبتي في الإستيلاء على الحكم فجاءني زائراُ يستطلع تلك الرغبة، ونصحني بأني إذا فكرت في ذلك فإن علي أن أتجنب إشراك أسماء معروفة، لأن الناس تحكم عليهم من أول يوم، وأن من الذكاء مشاركة أسماء مجهولة تستطيع السيطرة على الأمور والجميع يتوقعون منها ما لا يعرفون…”

لقد صدق السفير ـ وليكن أي سفير أمريكي ـ فبناءاً على هذه الإستراتيجية تم تجنيد القذافي ومجموعته من الضباط الأحداث سنة 1966.

وما خفي عن البكوش في ذلك الوقت أن المخابرات الأمريكية والسفير نيوسم قد استقرا على استغلال مجموعة الضباط الوحديون الأحرار لتنفيذ مآربهم ولم تكن نصيحة (السفير) له سوى حيلة بارعة ليطمئنه أن الأمريكان لم يكن لديهم أي مخطط إنقلابي، وليصرفوا الأنظار عن عملائهم الكثر.

لقد كانت مواجهة غير متكافئة بين سفير تسنده آلة إستخباراتية ضخمة (بلغت ميزانية وكالة الإستخبارات المركزية ـ السي آي إيه CIA ـ وحدها سنة 1966 (505) مليون دولار وفي سنة 1998 وحسب المصادر الرسمية بلغت ميزانية كافة الأجهزة الإستخباراتية الأمريكية 26 مليار دولار) وبين رئيس وزراء شاب لا يتجاوز عمره خمسة وثلاثين عاماً يتبعه جهاز إستخبارات صغير، حديث النشأة، قليل الإمكانيات، ومخترق.

ويبدو أن البكوش لم يعد في ذلك الوقت كسابق عهده متابعاًً لتحركات المهدوي، ونحن لا نلومه على هذه الغفلة فقد توارى المهدوي عن الأنظار بعض الشئ بعد إنتقاله إلى بنغازي في ربيع 1967 بناء على أوامر المخابرات الأمريكية. لقد كانت ليبيا فريسة وغنيمة سهلة للمخابرات الأمريكية.

وقد نصح الأمريكان مجموعة الضباط الوحدويون الأحرار بالإبتعاد عن الأحزاب السياسية المدنية (بعث، إخوان وقوميين) والتيارات والتنظيمات المتنافسة داخل الجيش وكانت في ذلك الوقت ثلاث مجموعات رئيسة:

· مجموعة الشلحي التى تضم خريجي مصر وبعض من خريجي بنغازى
· مجموعة العراق: سمي بتنظيم العراق لأن معظم أعضائه كانوا ضباطاً من خريجي كلية العراق العسكرية. كانت توجهات أعضائه قومية ولم يكن تنظيماً بعثياً
· ومجموعة خريجي مدرسة الزاوية العسكرية

وقد تمكنت أمريكا من خلال وجود هذا الخلاف والتنافر بين ضباط الجيش إلى إيجاد ثغرة دخلت من خلالها وأمسكت بزمام الأمور مستغلة في نفس الوقت إمكانيات كل مجموعة لمصلحة تنظيم الضباط الصغار الذى كان يرأسه الملازم معمر القذافي.

كان اختيار مجموعة الملازمين دون غيرهم من الرتب لأسباب وجيهة من وجهة نظر الأمريكان أهمها أن الضباط الصغار عادة ما يكونون قريبين من الجنود حيث هم آمروهم المباشرون، وأغلبهم يباتون في الثكنات ولا تشغلهم مسئوليات عائلية. كما أن لديهم طموحاً واستعداداً للمغامرة، وأن تحركاتهم ليلاً او نهاراً لا تثير شبهات الأجهزة الأمنية مثل ما تثيره تحركات الضباط الكبار.

وقد أطلق المهدوي والأمريكان على المجموعة الإنقلابية الأسم الحركي “Black Boots البلاك بوتس” حيث كان صغار الضباط في الجيش الليبي آنذاك يرتدون الأحذية السوداء. ويذكر الليبيون أن أول صورة نشرت لمعمر القذافي على صفحات الجرائد الليبية أياما بعد نجاح الإنقلاب ظهر فيها جالساً على مكتب مرتدياً حذاءه (بوته) الأسود، وكأن الغرض منها توصيل رسالة مشفرة للمعنيين أن تنظيم “البلاك بوتس” قد انتصر.

وقد نقل المهدوي تصور آخر للمخططين الأمريكان في مسألة اختيار الملازمين (القذافي وجماعته) دون غيرهم من الرتب:
“إن الضابط الكبير الذى يبرر اختيار ملازم عديم الخبرة لهذا العمل الضخم وهو إسقاط دولة أهم شئ عنده هو أن الصغير يمكن تدريبه وإعادة تشكيله كعجينة لما نريد، بل ننسخه من جديد ونحوله إلى شئ جديد وكيان يعمل بسهوله لنا. فتفريغ مخه سهل فلم تثبت بعد في عقله كل ما يعتقد حتى اننا ممكن أن نحوله عن دينه إن شئنا. وهذه تجارب نحن نعمل ونقوم بها ويعرفها عملاؤنا الراسخون في عملهم وعلمهم وتجاربهم. لهذا كان الأختيار للأحدث دون الأقدم”.

كلام المهدوي هذا لم يأت من فراغ فهو بالتأكيد كان على علم بالتجارب التى كان يقوم بها العلماء الأمريكان في مجال السيطرة على العقل أو غسل الأدمغة (mind control / brainwashing). وربما كان على علم أيضاً بالتجارب السرية التى كانت وكالة الإستخبارات الأمريكية تجريها منذ عام 1953 في مجال التأثير والسيطرة على سلوك الإنسان وقد أعطت الوكالة لهذا المشروع الأسم الكودي MK ـULTRA.

وكانت جريدة (النيويورك تايمز) أول من نبه الرأي العام الأمريكي في ديسمبر 1974 عن وجود هذه التجارب غير القانونية حيث كانت تجرى على أفراد دون علمهم بماهية التجارب ولا عن نوع العقاقير التى كانت تعطى لهم.

بعد إنكشاف أمر التجارب شكل الكونجرس الأمريكي سنة 1975 لجنة تحقيق التى أمرت بإيقاف التجارب وتعويض المتضررين. وكان ريتشارد هيلمز (مدير السي آي إيه CIA) من 1966 إلى 1973 وأحد مهندسي المشروع) وقبل تركه رئاسة الوكالة عام 1973 قد أمر بإتلاف الوثائق والملفات الخاصة بمشروع MK ـULTRA إلا أن القليل من هذه الوثائق نجا من الإتلاف ووجد طريقة إلى الصحافة سنة 1974. في سنة 1977 صرحا ضابطان سابقان في ال ـ (سي آي إيه) هما فكتور ماندريتي ومايلز كوبلاند أن التجارب ما زالت مستمرة وذكر كوبلاند أن أغلب المعلومات عن مشروع MK ـULTRA قد أخفيت عن لجنة تحقيق.

كان الهدف الأساسي من التجارب هو اكتشاف عقاقير لغسل أدمغة الأفراد ليكونوا عملاء وجواسيس دون علمهم. وكانت تستعمل في التجارب مواد مخدرة أهمها مخدر إل إس دى (LSD) بالإضافة للتنويم المغناطيسي. تصريحات المهدوي تؤكد أن الأمريكان استعملوا أحدث الأساليب العلمية للتجنيد والسيطرة في تعاملهم مع مجموعة الضباط الوحدويون الأحرار.

ولا يخفى على المعنيين أن وكالة الإستخبارات الأمريكية تحتفظ بملفات كاملة بالصوت والصورة عن اجتماعات ممثليها (controllers) بالمهدوي قبل وبعد الأول من سبتمبر 1969.

وهذا الأسلوب متبع مع كل الجماعات والتنظيمات المتعاونة مع الإستخبارات الأمريكية والغربية عموما، كما ذكر كثير من عملاء الإستخبارات الأمريكية الأمريكان في مذكراتهم المنشورة وفي ما كتبوه بعد استقالتهم من الوكالة. وقد تعلمت الأنظمة الإستبدادية من ذلك فعمدت إلى استعمال نفس الأسلوب ضد معارضيها وشعوبها معتقدين أن هذه الأساليب الخسيسة والمحرمة شرعاً وقانوناً قد تطيل من أمد حكمها.

وقبل نهاية 1966 تم الاتفاق ما بين القذافي والأمريكان على ما يلي:
جلاء القواعد الأمريكية مع تحييد بريطانيا وإقناع حكومتها بإخلاء قواعدها في ليبيا على أن يتم فيما بعد الاتفاق على دفع تعويضات مناسبة للدولتين. كان اتجاه الأمريكان هو إخلاء القواعد ـ خاصة داخل البلاد التى قد تحدث بها إضطرابات بسبب رفض شعوبها وجود تلك القواعد على أراضيها ـ والإستعاضة عنها بحاملات الطائرات والطائرات ذات الإرتفاعات الشاهقة والطويلة المدى مثل طائرات ب52. وعندما حاول الآلاف من المتظاهرين الهجوم على قاعدة الملاحة يوم 9 يونيو 1967 شعروا بخطورة وجود القاعدة على الأراضى الليبية. وكبادرة لإظهار حسن النية قامت السلطات الأمريكية بإخلاء وتسليم مخازنها بميناء طرابلس البحري إلى السلطات الليبية
أن يخرج من ليبيا عند حدوث الإنقلاب كل من مصطفى بن حليم (13) رئيس الوزراء السابق ويحي عمر سعيد، (14) وأن يقوم الإنقلابيون بنقلهما إلى مطار الملاحة الأمريكي بطرابلس ليسافرا من هناك حيث ستكون كل منافذ ليبيا براً وبحراً وجواً مغلقة، وحذروا من تعرضهما لأي أذى

البحث عن ضابطين برتبة مقدم أو رائد لينضما للمجموعة المختارة، أحدهما يقوم بالسيطرة على الأمن، أي وزير داخلية. والآخر يتولي شئون الجيش، أي وزير دفاع بحجة أن معظم أعضاء تنظيم القذافي من الضباط الصغار ولن يتمكنوا في المرحلة الأولى من التفاهم مع ضباط أقدم وأعلى رتبة منهم في هاتين المؤسستين. http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//mousa.jpg

وهكذا قام المهدوي باستقدام فيما بعد كلا من المقدم آدم الحواز والمقدم موسى أحمد (15) ليكونا أعضاء في تنظيم القذافي… ثم غدر بهما القذافي بعد أن تحقق له ما أراد(16) حيث تم القبض عليهما يوم 7 ديسمبر 1969 بتهمه التآمر لقلب نظام الحكم وحكم عليهما بالسجن ثم بالإعدام ثم خفض إلى السجن المؤبد. أطلق سراح المقدم موسى أحمد في مارس 1988 وتوفي في 24 أبريل 2005 إثر تعرضه ـ حسب الرواية الرسمية ـ لهجوم بالسكين من قبل مجموعة من اللصوص الأفارقة… ولا يعرف مصير زميله المقدم آدم الحواز
http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//hawaz.jpgعند القبض على المقدم آدم الحواز نهض العقيد أحمد المدفعي (آمر صنف المخابرة بمعسكر قاريونس) وكان جالساً في زنزانته بالسجن المركزي بطرابلس وصاح بصوت عال: “لقد تم القبض على من اختارته أمريكا ومن كان يساير فيهم… إن أمريكا يا عالم لها يد في هذا الموضوع!” ونظراً لقربه من الحواز فهو آمره المباشر، فلا بد أن بعض الأمور اتضحت له بعد القبض على الحواز.

كان العقيد أحمد المدفعي والمقدم آدم الحواز عضوين في لجنة الإتصالات الأمريكية الليبية لتوحيد واستكمال خطوط الاتصالات المدنية والعسكرية، وقبل الإنقلاب تم تنحية العقيد المدفعي من اللجنة والحواز ـ الذى كان محبوباً في الجيش وكان أول دفعته ـ كان آمر سرية المخابرة بمعسكر قاريونس التي تضم مجموعة من الضباط منهم معمر القذافي وعوض حمزه وامحمد القريف ومصطفى الخروبي (أعضاء مجلس الإنقلاب) وحسين قرّيو. والأخير له قصة أو بالأصح مأساة سنتطرق إليها مستقبلاً إن شاء الله.
عند ساعة الصفر يقوم الأمريكان بضمان تزويد الإنقلابيين بالسلاح والذخيرة.
تعهد الأمريكان بتسهيل مهام الإستطلاع والتدريب للطيران الحربي الليبي المتمركز بمطار الملاحة.
إعطاء الإنقلابيين مطلق الحرية في تحديد سياستهم الداخلية والخارجية.
التعهد بتشكيل حكومة مدنية في مدة أقصاها سنة ليتفرغ بعدها الإنقلابيون للجيش، كما تعهدوا بحماية المصالح الغربية، ووعدوا باستمرار ضخ البترول الليبي.

باختصار، لقد تم الاتفاق على تبادل المصالح، الضباط الوحدويون الأحرار لهم السلطة وللأمريكان المصالح الكاملة في ليبيا.

ولضمان تنفيذ هذه الاتفاقات قامت المخابرات الأمريكية من ناحيتها بزرع عملاء وعيون لها في كل مكان مستخدمة كافة الوسائل والإمكانيات، وكان من بينها الإستعانه بعشرات المتطوعين الأمريكان بفرق السلام (Peace Corps) المتواجدون على الأراضي الليبية وبالعديد من الموظفين الأمريكان والعرب بشركات النفط وفي المراكز الثقافية الأمريكية.
فمثلاً في سنة 1963 قامت شركة بكتل لخدمات البترول (Bechtel) بتعيين عميليين للسي آي إيه بإدارة شئون العاملين. والأهم من هذا كله فقد تم ومنذ سنة 1966 اختراق تنظيم العقيد عبدالعزيز الشلحي وتم زرع ضباطاً عملاء في مكتبه، والمهدوي كان على علم تام بهذا الأمر الخطير.

كما قامت أمريكا سنة 1966 بتعيين ضابط بسلاح الجو الأمريكي في طبرق ليتجسس على الملك وعلى تحركات عمر الشلحي ـ ناظر الخاصة الملكية وشقيق العقيد عبدالعزيز ـ وعلى تحركات الإنجليز حيث توجد قاعدتهم الجوية في “مطار العدم”.

العوامل الأساسية التى ساعدت على الإنهيار الكامل للنظام الملكي:
وجود الملك إدريس خارج ليبيا، حيث كان قد غادرها إلى اليونان ثم إلى مدينة بورصة التركية في يونيو 1969.

إقالة اللواء نورى الصديق من رئاسة أركان الجيش في أكتوبر 1968 وتعيينه عضواً بمجلس الشيوخ مع منحه رتبة فريق. لقد كادت أن تتجمع لدى اللواء نورى ـ الذى أحاط نفسه بضباط ذو كفاءة وإخلاص ووطنية ـ كل خيوط المؤامرة الأمريكية ولكن كما سنرى كان للعقيد عبدالعزيز الشلحي رأي آخر.

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//vw.jpg

إختراق المخابرات الأمريكية لأجهزة الأمن الليبية. فمثلا يوم 12 مارس 1969 وكان يوم عيد ميلاد الملك (اشتهر ذلك اليوم أيضاً بإحياء أم كلثوم حفلة غنائية بمدينة طرابلس) كلف المقدم نصر الدين هامان الرائد أحمد بوغولة بالذهاب إلى منطقة سرت لمراقبة تحركات واجتماعات أعضاء الضباط الوحدويون الأحرار والقبض عليهم. ذهب بوغولة إلى سرت وتأكد من وجود اجتماع للإنقلابيين وشاهد القذافي وهو يصل إلى مكان الاجتماع بسيارة فولكس واجن زرقاء، إلا أنه تجاهل أوامر المقدم هامان وبذل جهداً كبيراً فيما بعد لطمس وإخفاء الأدلة التى تؤكد حدوث الأجتماع. وبعد فترة وجيزة اكتشف المقدم هامان أن الرائد بوغولة وزميله في الإستخبارات يوسف مانة كانا على اتصال بالمهدوي.

تمكن الأمريكان من معرفة تاريخ إستلام الشلحي للسلطة من خلال ثلاثة مصادر:

الأول: في ربيع 1969 أثناء “زردة” (نزهة) للقبائل في منطقة الصفصاف بالجبل الأخضر طلب الشيخ المجاهد عبدالحميد العبار(17) رئيس مجلس الشيوخ وزعيم قبيلة “العواقير”، من المقدم موسى أحمد “الحاسي” عمل أي شئ لمنع آل الشلحي “البراعصة” من تولي مقاليد السلطة في ليبيا، قائلا: “كفاية عليهم” حسب تعبير الشيخ… وباح له بالسر الخطير وهو أن الشلحي سيستلم السلطة في شهر سبتمبر من ذلك العام. (18)
http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//abbar.jpg

والثاني: هو الملازم إبراهيم سليمان الشلماني الضابط المدسوس داخل مكتب الشلحي الذى كان يتصنت على مكالمات وإتصالات الشلحي، فقد أعلم الشلماني القذافي والمهدوي عن موعد حركة الشلحي بعد تصنته على محاورة تليفونية بين العقيد عبدالعزيز وأخيه عمر الموجود خارج ليبيا ذكر فيها التاريخ 5 سبتمبر.

والثالث: هو ضابط مخابرات إنجليزي إستدرجه الأمريكان فى حفلة عشاء بمدينة طبرق وعرفوا منه كلمة السر.

من أجل تدعيم مركزه وتولى الموالين له مراكز قيادية بالجيش قبل استلامه السلطة يوم الجمعة 5 سبتمبر 1969 وتحويل ليبيا من ملكية إلى جمهورية قام العقيد عبدالعزيزالشلحي، الذى كان يشغل منصب مدير التدريب ورئيس لجنة إعادة تنظيم الجيش، بتعيين صهره اللواء السنوسي شمس الدين رئيسا للأركان ـ وكان يعانى من شلل خفيف ـ وعين صهره الآخرالعقيد عون ارحومة شقيفة مديراً للحركات (العمليات). أما وزير الدفاع حامد العبيدي (توفى في سجن بنغازى في 6 فبراير 1970) فكان يعانى من مشاكل خاصة جعلته غير قادر على القيام بواجبه كوزير دفاع بكفاءة. وكان صديق العقيد الشلحي وزميل دفعته بالكلية الحربية المصرية (19) العقيد حسين على الفرجاني (20) يرأس الإستخبارات العسكرية.

كما قام العقيد الشلحي بتحويل العديد من الضباط الأكفاء، منهم حوالى نصف خريجي كلية العراق العسكرية،(21) إلي الوظائف الإدارية البعيدة عن نطاق العسكرية الفعلية.

ومع ذلك فقد حاول العقيد الركن صالح السنوسي عبدالسيد (22) توحيد الصفوف بإقناع زملائه خريجي العراق بضرورة التعاون وتنسيق المواقف مع العقيد الشلحي إلا أن قائد المجموعة العقيد الركن فوزى الدغيلى رفض رفضاً باتاً هذا الإقتراح وقال: “نحن لا نستجدي أحداً”. وبسبب موقفه المتشدد هذا فصل العقيد فوزى من التنظيم. وقد حاول بعض الضباط خريجي العراق رأب الصدع والإلتحام مع العقيد الشلحي والذى أبدى رغبة في التعاون إلا أن الوقت كان قد فات وكانت إرادة الله هى الغالبة. وفي النهاية لم يجد النظام الملكي ولا العقيد الشلحي من يدافع عنهم في ساعة العسرة، وانتهى المطاف بالجميع الى دخولهم السجن.

ولا بد أن نشير إلي أن العقيد عبدالعزيز الشلحي كان في بادئ الأمر متردداً في القيام بحركته، فمنذ سنة 1966 حذره زملاؤه وكان من بينهم المرحوم العقيد عبدالله سويسي من مغبة عدم حسم الأمور وضرورة إنقاذ البلد من المغامرين ومن الهيمنة الأمريكية فنهرهم العقيد الشلحي قائلاً: الملك إدريس في مقام والدى ولا يمكن أن أخونه أو أنقلب عليه. لقد كان في اعتقاده أنه بامكانه أن يواجه مكر وخداع أمريكا.

تأثير الإعلام المصرى… خاصة إذاعة صوت العرب.. التي كانت تحرض على التمرد وتؤجج الجماهير العربية ضد الأنظمة الحاكمة والملكية منها خاصة بحكم أنها تابعة للأمريكان والإنجليز.

بداية تفشي الفساد السياسي والاقتصادي في الدولة.

وتنفيذاً لما اتفق عليه سنة 1966 وقع ما يلي:

فجر الأول من سبتمبر وقبل إذاعة البيان الأول للإنقلاب تم توحيد البث الإذاعي لأول مرة في ليبيا. كما تم تشغيل منظومة المخابرة العسكرية التى أمنت الإتصالات بين جميع وحدات الجيش. وكانت الشركات الأمريكية هي المخططة والمنفذة لهذا المشروع المهم… مما كان له الأثر المباشر في نجاح إنقلاب سبتمبر 69.

عند الساعة الثالثة من صباح الاثنين الأول من سبتمبر 1969، وبالقرب من أحد مداخل مدينة طرابلس الجنوبية، قامت سيارة وقود عسكرية أمريكية يقودها جندى أمريكي أسود بتزويد رتل المدرعات الذى كان يقوده الضابط الجرئ النقيب إمحمد الحاراتي بالوقود. ونكاد نجزم بأن سبب مقتل النقيب الحاراتي في حادث سيارة على طريق طرابلس الخمس في أكتوبر 1970 كان بسبب إفشائه لهذا السر الخطير. وقد قتل في نفس الحادث اثنان من أصدقائه أحدهما هو محمد العريفي.

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//daniel.jpg
http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//harati.jpg

عند الساعة السابعة من صباح يوم الإنقلاب اتصل العقيد مختار كانون حكمدار مرور طرابلس هاتفياً بالعقيد على عقيل مدير الأمن العام الذى كان يقاوم منذ الصباح الباكر مع ثلاثة من ضباط الشرطة ومجموعة من الجنود بعضاً من أفراد الجيش المدعمين بمدرعة والذين كانوا يحاولون اقتحام مبنى مديرية الأمن المحاذي لقصر الخلد بطرابلس. وبعد تبادل بعض الكلمات قال له العقيد عقيل: “أنت يا مختار تقول لي سلم المبنى واترك سلاحك هكذا مثل ما قالوه لي الأمريكان… فقد اتصل بي قائد مطار الملاحة المستر جو (هو العقيد و”الماسوني” دانيل جيمس (1920 ـ 1978)، تولى قيادة مطار الملاحة من أغسطس 1969 وحتى مارس 1970 وهو القائد الفعلي لإنقلاب سبتمبر) يأمرني بعدم إفتعال مشاكل مع المسيطرين على البلد لأن كل شئ انتهى…”

كل هذا ومعمر القذافي كان ـ كما تؤكد عدة مصادر ـ مستلقياً على سريره في معسكر قاريونس يستمع الى الأناشيد العسكرية وقد وضع رجلا على رجل، ولم يصل إلى مبنى الإذاعة ببنغازى إلا عند الساعة السادسة إلا عشر دقائق”… وذلك حسب رواية اثنين من “الضباط الوحدوين الأحرار” هما الملازم عبدالفتاح يونس والرائد عبدالمنعم الهوني.

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//jalloud.jpg

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//fattah.jpg

عند الساعة الثامنة والنصف صباحاً دخل المقدم مختار الدعوكي، المسئول المالي بمعسكر العزيزية، إلى حجرة بمعسكر العزيزية مليئة بالضباط، فأدى التحية للعقيد مفتاح الباح وقال: مبروك يا أفندم، معتقداً أنه قائد الإنقلاب. فرد عليه الباح مبتسماً: مبروك على إيه يا أهبل.. اجلس. وكان بحوزة المقدم الدعوكي جوازات وتذاكر سفر لمجموعة من قادة الإنقلاب كان من المفروض سفرهم عند الساعة العاشرة من صباح ذلك اليوم، الأول من سبتمبر، لحضور دورات تدريبية في بريطانيا.

وكان الفوج الأول من الضباط المحتجزين يضم كل من العقداء عون ارحومه وعزيز شنيب ومفتاح الباح والمقدمون نصرالدين هامان وبالعيد مرعي وشعبان عمارة. وقد استغرب هؤلاء الضباط دقة التخطيط فقد كانت الآسرة والبطاطين والمأكولات جاهزة بالمعسكر لاستقبال المعتقلين ولا يستطيع حفنة من الملازمين القيام بذلك.

عند الساعة العاشرة وصلت إلى معسكر العزيزية مدرعات من نوع (صلاح الدين) و(فريت) و(سراسين) وعليها جنود يتصايحون فوقف النقيب عبدالسلام إجلود عضو مجلس الإنقلاب والرائد الركن لاحقاً ومعه سلاحه يحييهم وصاح: “لقد فتحوا لنا مخازن الأسلحة، الآن يا اخوان الثورة نجحت!” وأمر رئيس العرفاء (بحرية) سالم سعيد أمين عام مجلس الوزراء، والعقيد فيما بعد، بإحضارالشاى للضباط المحتجزين، فقد قام ضباط أمريكيون بفتح مخازن السلاح والذخيرة في معسكري قرجي وبئر الأسطى ميلاد وتسليم 180 مدرعة جديدة للإنقلابيين. هذه المدرعات كانت محجوزة لهذا الغرض، ومنعت أيدى الجيش والقوة المتحركة والشرطة من الوصول اليها قبل ذلك التاريخ بحجة أنه لا بد من التدريب عليها وإجراء الصيانة اللازمة.

وأثناء إعداد الشاى بدأ النقيب إجلود في الثرثرة سارداً البطولات التى قام بها صباح ذلك اليوم وكيف أنه اقتحم بيت أحمد عون سوف وزير الداخلية الأسبق واستولى على الحلاطة )جراب السلاح والذخيرة مصنوع من الجلد يلبسه المحارب حول صدره) الخاصة بالمجاهد عون محمد سوف المحمودي والد أحمد، وكيف استولى أيضاً على سيف المجاهد المهدى إليه من قبل أحد السلاطين العثمانيين، وكيف أنه أهان وزيرا سابقا وجعله يزحف على ركبتيه وكيف شتم وزير الزراعة حامد بوسرويل لأنه لم يهتم بطلبات والده.

عند الساعة الحادية عشرة صباحاً قام النقيب عبدالمنعم الهوني، عضو مجلس قيادة الإنقلاب ورئيس المخابرات العامة لاحقاً، والنقيب عبدالمجيد هامان بتوصيل يحي عمر سعيد، الذى اصطحب معه أكثر من عشرين حقيبة تضم بين طياتها ثروة من المجوهرات، من بيته بميدان القاديسية ـ الوسام الذهبي سابقا ـ إلى مطار الملاحة الأمريكي وذلك بأمر من معمر القذافي شخصياً وبالتنسيق مع العقيد (دانيل جيمس) آمر مطار الملاحة وضابط المخابرات الأمريكي الجنرال (جوزيف كابوتشي). http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//jouseph.jpg

أما مصطفى بن حليم فقد أبلغته المخابرات الأمريكية ـ كما أبلغت رؤساء شركات النفط الأمريكية العاملة في ليبيا ـ بضرورة حزم حقائبة قبل الأول من سبتمبر فغادر ليبيا يوم الاثنين 25 أغسطس 1969.

شكل القذافي لجنة سرية برئاسة الرائد عبدالسلام إجلود ـ “محقق الجلاء” كما وصف على ملصقات صغيرة ظهرت عقب إنتهاء مسرحية مفاوضات الجلاء في 15 ديسمبر 1969 ـ وعضوية النقيب طيار فتحى بن طاهر(23) والمستشار القانوني محمود البكوش للتفاوض مع الأمريكان والإنجليز بخصوص تعويض الدولتين عن قواعدهما في ليبيا. وبدون تردد وافق الإنقلابيون على دفع ثلاثة مليارات دولار لأمريكا و800 مليون جنيه استرليني لبريطانيا. وكانت هذه الصفقة أشبه بطوق نجاة لبريطانيا التى كانت تعاني آنذاك من مشاكل اقتصادية جمة. وبحسبة بسيطة تكون الدولتان قد إسترجعتا ما دفعتاه مقابل تأجيرهما للقواعد، أضعافاً مضاعفة.

بعد الإنقلاب لم تتوقف الطلعات التدريبية للطيران الحربي لدول حلف الأطلنطي (الناتو) فوق الأجواء الليبية والمتواجد على متن حاملات طائرات الأسطول السادس الأمريكي والقواعد العسكرية في أوروبا، بل وبحسب اتفاقات 1966 قام القذافي بتعيين ضابط برتبة نقيب بوزارة الخارجية الليبية ليقوم بمهمة التنسيق لطلعات طيران الحلف مع القيادات العسكرية المتواجدة بمقر القيادة الجنوبية للحلف الأطلنطي بمدينة نابولي الإيطالية. وحسب علمنا فهذه الأتفاقية ما زالت سارية المفعول ولم تلغ.

الخديـعة

“إن الشرط اللازم لبقاء أي حاكم فى السلطة… واستمرار تقدمه في مجال البناء والإصلاح هو أن يظهر بمظهر يستحيل القول معه أنه صنيعة لنا، وأن يتصرف بطريقة لا تظهر أي انسجام مع أذواقنا وميولنا. وباختصار، فإن مساندتنا لاي زعيم للوصول الى سدة الحكم والبقاء هناك حتى يحقق لنا بعض المصالح التى نريدها لا بد أن ترتطم بالحقيقة القاسية وهي أنه لا بد له من توجيه بعض الإساءات لنا حتى يتمكن من المحافظة على السلطة ويضمن استمرارها. كما أن هيكل النظام السياسي الذي يتبع ذاك الحاكم لا بد أن يكون طبيعياً وفطرياً وغير مصطنع، وبالتالي يجب أن يتضمن بعض العناصر التي تضمر عداء لمصالحنا.”

(رجل المخابرات الأمريكي مايلز كوبلاند في كتابه “لعبة الأمم”، 1969)

مغادرة السفير الأمريكي ديفيد نيوسم ليبيا نهائياً في شهر يونيو 1969 حتى يبعد الشبهه أن له أو للسفارة أى دخل فيما سيحدث في سبتمبر 1969. كما أن السفير الجديد جوزيف بالمر استلم عمله أوائل اكتوبر1969.

قامت أمريكا بجهد غير عادى لمساعدة الحكومة الليبية في بناء شبكة الإتصال اللاسلكي المخصصة لأجهزة الأمن والجيش وفي توحيد البث الإذاعي قبل الإنقلاب بشهور حتى تكون جميعها جاهزة يوم الأول من سبتمبر 1969.

الإعلان صبيحة يوم الإنقلاب عن تعيين العقيد الركن سعد الدين أبوشويرب رئيساً لأركان الجيش مع أنه استقال من الجيش آواخر 1967 (كان آخر منصب تقلده قبل استقالته هو آمر كتيبة الدروع الثانية) وكان يعمل كمحرر عقود من مكتبه بشارع عمر المختار بطرابلس، ويوم الإنقلاب كان موجوداً مع اسرته بالعاصمة الإسبانية مدريد. وقد فوجئ العقيد أبوشويرب بنشر صورته على الجرائد وبتعيينه رئيساً لأركان الجيش الليبي فتوجه إلى روما وبعد وصوله هناك اتصل به يحى عمر وصالح مسعود بويصير(24) (أول وزير خارجية في عهد الإنقلاب) وطلبا منه التوجه فوراً إلى ليبيا لإستلام عمله كرئيس للأركان.يوم الاثنين 8 سبتمبر 1969 اصطحب بويصير العقيد أبوشوريب بالطائرة إلى تونس ثم إلى الحدود الليبية البرية حيث وجدا في انتظارهما سيارة عسكرية وبدلة عسكرية ليرتديها أبوشويرب كي يدخل البلد في الزي العسكري. بقى العقيد أبوشويرب أربعين يوماً بمعسكر باب العزيزية يزاول عمله كرئيس للأركان ثم طلب منه أعضاء مجلس الإنقلاب الإستقاله بعد أن استقرت لهم الأمور وأدى العقيد أبوشويرب (دون علمه) الدور المرسوم له من قبل المخابرات الأمريكية ثم عينه الإنقلابييون سفيراً بالقاهرة. ولا شك أن الإعلان عن تعيين العقيد أبوشويرب رئيساً للأركان أربك الضباط الموالين للملك وللشلحي ومنعهم من اتخاد أى إجراء ضد الإنقلابيين، حيث أن أبوشويرب كان محسوباً على الشلحي وزميل دفعته بالكلية الحربية المصرية. كما خدع هذا الإعلان أيضا القيادة المصرية بأن العقيد الشلحي هو قائد الإنقلاب. والجدير بالذكر أن بعض الضباط القوميين قاموا فى صيف 1966 بتنبيه القيادة المصرية إلى احتمال إقدام أمريكا أو بريطانيا على تغيير النظام الملكي في ليبيا لصالحهما. وعندما تطرق الحديث إلى العقيد عبدالعزيز الشلحي كان رد حمزة البسيوني (الشهير) أحد مساعدى صلاح نصر مدير المخابرات المصرية: “إنه متعاون معنا”.

عدم الإعلان عن أسماء ورتب الإنقلابيين إلا بعد مرور اسبوع من الإنقلاب حيث أعلن عن ترقية الملازم أول معمر القذافي إلى رتبة عقيد وتعيينه قائداً عاماً للقوات المسلحة يوم 8 سبتمبر 1969.

طبع مئات الصور للرئيس جمال عبدالناصر بمطابع مطار الملاحة سنة 1967 وتوزيعها على الجماهير في الأيام الأولى من الإنقلاب لإيهام الليبيين والعالم أن إنقلاب سبتمبر هو إمتداد لثورة 23 يوليو.

قامت المخابرات الأمريكية بطبع وتوزيع كتيبات تبين مساوئ الحكم الشيوعي. وقد عثر على أعداد منها ملقاة على الرصيف بالقرب من السفارة السوفيتية بمدينة الحدائق بطرابلس.

ربما يود القذافي أن تمحى الحادثة التالية من ذاكرة التاريخ. ففي يوم السبت 18 أكتوبر 1969 توجه معمر القذافي بعد أن صار عقيداً على رأس مجموعة من عربات نصف نقل نحو قاعدة الملاحة حيث كانت تتمركز وحدة للقوات الجوية الليبية. وبدون أخذ موافقة مسئولي القاعدة اندفع رتل السيارات إلى داخل المطار. وما هي إلا لحظات حتى كان العقيد دانيل جيمس قائد مطار الملاحة واقفاً عند البوابة الرئيسية وشاهد القذافي بالقرب من حاجز البوابة سانداً يده على عقب مسدسه فحملق فيه وأمره أن يبعد يده عن مسدسه، ولدهشة جميع الحاضرين أذعن القذافي.

تقديم كل من مصطفى بن حليم ويحى عمر سعيد للمحاكمة غيابياً في ليبيا. وقد حكمت محكمة الشعب برئاسة الرائد بشير هوادي في 30 سبتمبر 1971 على مصطفى بن حليم بالسجن لمدة خمسة عشر عاماً بتهمة إفساد الحياة السياسية. أما يحى عمر فقد أصدرت إحدى المحاكم الخاصة حكماً بالإعدام عليه سنة 1981.

قامت وسائل الإعلام الأمريكية، وبإيحاء من المخابرات الأمريكية، بإظهار القذافي “المجهول النكرة” أمام الرأي العام العالمي والعربي بأنه ربح الجولة وأخرجهم من قواعدهم في ليبيا لإضفاء نوع من الهيبة والهيلمان (“البرستيج”) عليه حتى يسيطر ويقنع الجميع أنه وطني قومي وليس عميلاً لأمريكا وبطلاً مزيفاً. إلا أن القذافي لديه إحساس عميق بأن كثيراً من أفراد الشعب الليبي والعربي يعتقدون ويرددون أنه صنيعة أمريكية. ولذلك فقد صار ديدنه الدائم تبرئه نفسه من هذه التهمة وكان آخرها يوم الأربعاء 2 مارس 2005 حينما قال: “لسنا أعداء ولا عملاء ولا حلفاء لأمريكا”.

موقف أمريكا ـ الراعية للحريات ونصير الديمقراطية الأول في العالم ـ من المعارضة الليبية وتمويلها لعدة أطراف ومشاريع نضالية “فاشلة”، كان أهمها وأخطرها برامج الجبهة الوطنية لإنقاذ ليبيا خلال الثمانيات. وقد استغلت أمريكا الجبهة لجمع معلومات عن المعارضة الليبية وللتعرف عن كثب عن الأوضاع داخل ليبيا والإتصال بعناصر عسكرية ومدنية مؤهلة لتقديم حكم بديل لنظام القذافي.

إنكار الإدارة الأمريكية أن لها يداً في إنقلاب سبتمبر 1969 وتنكرها للنظام الليبي بعد أن ثبت تورطه في الإرهاب العالمي وإزهاق أرواح مدنيين أمريكان، كما حصل في لوكربي وملهى لابيل الألماني، وتهديدها ـ من حين إلى آخر بالتخلي عنه كلما شعرت بأنه يحيد عن خدمة المصالح والإستراتيجيات الأمريكية في المنطقة. ويبدو الآن أن العقيد ونظامه قد ارتمى بالكامل في الحضن الأمريكي وأصبح رهينة في يد أمريكا تصنع به ما تشاء.

الخلاصة

http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//abdallah.jpg

“فخامة الرئيس.. كلامك مردود عليه.. المملكة العربية السعودية.. واثقة.. المملكة العربية السعودية.. مسلمة، المملكة العربية السعودية ليست عبدة للاستعمار مثلك ومثل غيرك.. من جابك للحكم أنت؟ من جابك للحكم قللي الصحيح.. من جابك للحكم؟ لكن لا تتكلم ولا تتورط بأشياء مالك فيها لا حق ولا نصيب.. الكذب هو أمامك.. والقبر هو قدامك.”
http://www.akhbar-libya.com/images/stories//noanswer.jpg

الأمير عبدالله بن عبدالعزيز ولي عهد المملكة العربية السعودية آنذاك موجهاً كلامه للقذافي خلال الجلسة العلنية لمؤتمر القمة العربي الذى عقد بمدينة شرم الشيخ في غرة مارس 2003.

كان إنقلاب معمر القذافي وشلته من الضباط المغمورين، أمريكياً بكل المعطيات. وما كان له أن ينجح لولا تواطؤ حكومة ويلسون العمالية في بريطانيا، وتعاون عدد من ضعاف النفوس من الليبيين والعرب. فقد سرقوا ساعة الصفر عندما كانت البلاد مهيأة لتسلم العقيد الركن عبدالعزيز إبراهيم الشلحي السلطة يوم الجمعة 5 سبتمبر 1969. وبالتالى نجحت أمريكا في إفشال مخطط الشلحي وطرد الإنجليز واستلام ليبيا.

هناك بعض المؤشرات التى ربما تؤكد الحضور الماسوني في تنفيذ إنقلاب سبتمبر 1969 ولعل أهمها كون قائد مطار الملاحة العقيد دانيل جيمس والذى تولى الإشراف على تنفيذ خطة الإنقلاب كان عضواً في محفل برنس هول الأعظم الماسوني (Prince Hall Grand Lodge). بعد نجاح مهمته في ليبيا عين العقيد جيمس نائباً لمساعد وزير الدفاع لشئون العلاقات العامة ثم ترقي في السلم العسكري حتى صار مساعداً خاصاً لرئيس أركان القوات الجوية الأمريكية. وفي سنة 1983 أطلق اسم الجنرال جيمس على المحفل الماسوني رقم 72 بولاية واشنطن بأمريكا.

الماسونية منظمة سرية تدعو إلى الإلحاد والإباحية والفساد وإسقاط الحكومات الشرعية الوطنية والسيطرة عليها. وبعد دراستنا لأفكار وتصريحات وتصرفات المهدوي والقذافي وبعد صدور كتاب المهدوي البيان بالقرآن سنة 1990 تبين لنا إنه ليس مستبعداً أن يكون المهدوي والقذافي من أتباع الماسونية. وإذا صحت هذة الفرضية فإن سيناريو إنقلاب حسني الزعيم في سوريا سنة 1949 قد تكرر في ليبيا سنة 1969. فقد ظهرت حديثاً معلومات دقيقة تؤكد أن حسنى الزعيم كان صنيعة ماسونية وأنه كان على اتصال بجهاز الاستخبارات الإسرائيلي. ولا بد أن نؤكد أن تحركات الماسون في العالم العربي تتسم بالسرية التامة بعكس أقرانهم في الغرب الذين لا يمانعون من البوح بإنتمائهم لهذه الجمعية والكثير منهم يرتدى خاتماً يحتوى على شعار الجمعية ويتصافحون بطريقة مميزة.

أثناء إدلائه بشهادته أمام محكمة قضية لوكربي باسكتلندا في سبتمبر 2000 صرح عبدالمجيد جعاكة ـ أحد شهود الإدعاء الرئيسيين ـ أن القذافي متورط في مؤامرة ماسونية عالمية، وحينما طلب بإلحاح منه محامي الدفاع الكشف عن مصدر هذه المعلومة رد جعاكة أنه علمها من شخص في ليبيا ولأسباب أمنية لا يمكنه البوح باسمه.

قصة السيد أحمد الزبير أحمد الشريف السنوسي: الإنسان الشريف المجنى عليه…

كانت الدفعة 33 (1954 ـ1957) منذ تاريخ إنشاء الكلية العسكرية العراقية والدفعة الثانية إلى العراق بالنسبة لليبيا مكونه من عشرين طالباً ـ 15 من برقة و 5 من طرابلس ـ وهم: من برقة فوزى وأخوه جلال الدغيلي، صالح وأخوه حسن السنوسي، جاد الله عبدالحفيظ، رمضان غريبيل، محمد الهلالى، أحمد فوزى هلال، محمد شحات فالح، عبدالحميد الماجرى، عبدالقادر خليفه، أحمد السبيع، أحمد الزبير السنوسي، حليم البورى ومحمد سعد جبريل. أما جماعة طرابلس فكانوا: محرم نديم بن موسى، طارق خيرى السراج، الطاهر الناجح وسليمان الفقيه حسن ومن زوارة جمعه ميلود شعبان.

وقد استقال حليم البوري لصعوبه التدريب الذى لم يتحمله واستمر 19 طالباً بالكلية حتى تخرجهم. ولكن أثناء التخرج رفضت ليبيا منح أحمد الزبير السنوسي رتبته العسكرية وفصل من الجيش لأن الملك إدريس لم يكن وقت التخرج راضياً عن عائلته السنوسية بسبب قتل السيد محمد الشريف محي الدين السنوسي للسيد إبراهيم الشلحي خادمه وناظر خاصته آنذاك في خامس من أكتوبر 1954 بمدينة بنغازى.

المهم أن العراق اعترفت بتخرجه ومنحته الرتبة. ولما كان الملك فيصل متعاطفاً مع الملك إدريس لم يرض باستخدامه بالجيش، أي لم يرض أن يلتحق كضابط بالجيش العراقي، ومنحته الكلية بعض المال من مدخراتها الخيرية وسافر الى سوريا سنة 1957 بعد ما أتم التدريب فى صنف المخابرة (الإشارة) واكتسب خبرة تمكنه من العمل. وكانت سوريا برئاسة شكري القوتلي فى أوائل 1958 على وشك الإنفتاح على مصر حيث تبنت قضايا عربية كثيرة.

وعلمت سوريا بأن أحمد الزبير السنوسي هو أمير من العائلة السنوسية وحفيد المجاهد أحمد الشريف السنوسي، وأنه مطارد لا يجد عملا فأوجدت قيادة الجيش له عملا بصفة مدنية كفنى أجهزة لاسلكية، وألحق بالخدمة فى فرع بالجيش قرب ضاحيه المزة. ووجد أحمد الزبير حجرة على سطح إحدى المساكن فسكن فيها واستمر يعيش حياته فى تلك الحجرة وفي عمله كفني مخابرة بمرتب قدره 150 ليرة في الشهر. وكان يعيش على الكفاف. وأثناء عودة طلبة الكلية الليبيين من الإجازة كان البعض يسافر عبر لبنان وسوريا بالباخرة متوجهين إلى بغداد، وكان بعض الضباط والطلبة الموسرين يزورونه ويتركون له بعض المال دون أن يشعر بهم، كمساعدة له.

استمر أحمد الزبير في معيشته حتى قامت ثورة العراق في 14 يوليو 1958. وكان آمر سريته عبداللطيف الدراجي قد صار وزيراً للداخلية في حكومة عبدالسلام عارف بعد مقتل عبدالكريم قاسم سنة 1963، فاستدعاه بعد ما أرسل أحمد الزبير رسالة له يخبره بأنه يريد العودة للعراق والإنضمام للجيش. وهكذا رجع إلى بغداد ومنح رتبة نقيب كزملائه في ذلك الوقت، ومنحوه شقة للسكن واحتضنوه وشعر بالآمان وصار يترقى ويعمل في مجاله في سلاح المخابرة حتى وصل إلى رتبة مقدم.

رجع أحمد الزبير إلى ليبيا وترك ما كان فيه، وكان في بغداد محل اهتمام وعناية، ولكن هكذا هى المقادير، وهكذا كان حظه السئ. ولم تمض شهور قليله من رجوعه إلى وطنه حتى اتهم هو وأخوه راشد بالمشاركة في محاولة إنقلابية، عرفت بمحاولة “الأبيار” (27 مايو 1970) وكان من بين المتهمين في المحاولة ثلاثة ضباط من خريجي العراق بل اثنان كانا من نفس دفعة السيد أحمد هما عبدالقادر خليفه وعبدالحميد الماجرى الذى مات نتيجة التعذيب والثالث كان محمد على أحمد الضراط. في 17 مايو 1972 حكمت محكمة عسكرية خاصة برئاسة المقدم على الفيتورى بإعدام السيد أحمد وبالسجن المؤبد وأحكام آخرى بحق بقية المتهمين.

أطلق سراح السيد راشد في 2 مارس 1988 أما شقيقه السيد أحمد فلم يفرج عنه إلا في 27 أغسطس 2001، أي أنه بقي في السجن واحداً وثلاثين عاماً صابراً محتسباً. وأصبح بذلك أقدم سجين فى العالم ـ حسب تقديرات منظمة العفو الدولية أمنستي ـ وهى مدة أطول من تلك التى قضاها نلسون مانديلا في سجون التمييز العنصري في جنوب أفريقيا. وهكذا كان أحمد الزبير السنوسي، ذلك الفتى الورع الطيب الكريم، ضحية لضغينة الحكام في العهد الملكي… وضحية للعساكر في جماهيرية القذافي الهمجية.

______________________

الهوامش:

1. أخبار ليبيا: “عودة إلى القرصنة وطمس التاريخ” ـ 14 يونيو 2005.

2. نص كلمة القذافي يوم 11 يونيو 2005:

بسم الله.. بمناسبة مرور 35 عاماً على جلاء أكبر القواعد العسكرية لأكبر دولة.. نذكر أنفسنا والعالم أن أمريكا لم تدخل ليبيا بالقوة والحرب وإلا لاستشهد الشعب الليبي كله للحيلولة دون احتلال أرضه الغالية، وإنما دخلتها بطريقة باردة بواسطة حكومة مكونة من ملك عميل وعملاء مرتشين من شداد الآفاق.. من مرتزقة.. من عائلات دخيلة ليست عربية ليبية باعت الوطن بالمال لأنه ليس وطنها. فالخزي والعار على أولئك العملاء وعلى تلك العائلات الدخيلة الحقيرة.

ولما تولى زمام الأمر أبناء ليبيا الأحرار يوم الفاتح العظيم أمروا تلك القوات الأجنبية بالرحيل فرحلت في مثل هذا اليوم.. لأن الشعب الليبي العظيم بقيادة الفاتح العظيم أعلن الجلاء وتوجه إلى معسكرات التدريب العسكري استعداداً لخوض معركة التحرير إذا لم تنسحب تلك القوات المحتلة.. ولقد صممنا على القتال والتحرير وبدأنا الاستعداد للمواجهة فانسحبت القواعد العسكرية دون قتال.

ولكي لا يعود الاستعمار إلى أرضنا مرة أخرى فلا مفر من جعل الشعب المسلح حقيقة واقعة وليتأكد منها العدو نفسه.. فالشعب المسلح غير قابل للهزيمة، وعلينا أن نصمم على جعل الأرض الليبية تلتهب تحت أقدام أي عدو حتى تحترق تلك الأقدام مهما كانت قوتها، فلا حياة بلا كرامة.. ولا كرامة بلا حرية.. ولا حرية بلا قوة.. ولا قوة بلا شعب.. القوة في الشعب المسلح الذي لا يهزم.. فلنستعد رجالاً ونساء للدفاع عن أرض الوطن دائماً وأبداً بالحرص والمواظبة على التدريب العسكري العام والإنتظام في المناوبة الشعبية المسلحة.

فلتحيا الجبهة الداخلية الشعبية الصلبة القائمة على سلطة الشعب وأن نصمم على أن تبقى الأرض الليبية حرة طاهرة.. ولنستعد للاستشهاد في سبيلها إذا دعا الداعي وليكن شعارنا دائماً: الحرية أو الموت.. النصر أو الإستشهاد.

كل سنة وأنتم طيبون.. وكل سنة وأنتم منتصرون.

3. الدكتور آرمند جوليوس هامر يهودى أمريكي من أصل أوكراني. هاجر والده إلى أمريكا سنة 1890 حيث أنشأ الحزب الشيوعي الأمريكي سنة 1919. في سنة 1956 اشترى آرمند هامر شركة أكسيدنتال بمبلغ مائة وعشرين ألف دولار، ثم صارت بفضل امتيازات التنقيب عن النفط التي تحصل عليها نتيجة علاقة وثيقة عمر إبراهيم الشلحي. في سنة 1966 أعلن هامر اعتناقه المسيحية وانضمامه إلي الكنيسة الموحدة (Unitarian Church) بعدما اتهمه بعض الكتاب العرب بالعمالة لإسرائيل وجمعه أموالا للدولة العبرية!

4. لمعرفة المزيد عن سيرة الدكتور الساحلي يرجى الإطلاع على مقالة الدكتور فرج نجم: الدكتور على الساحلي: السياسي والأديب، موقع “ليبيا اليوم”، 13 فبراير 2005.

5. يشهد التاريخ للزعيم المجاهد الملك محمد إدريس المهدي السنوسي أنه كان تقياً متواضعاً زاهداً في الحكم، عف اليد واللسان، ولم نسمع أنه بطش بأحد أو أمر بالإنتقام من خصومه، متشبتاً بالأخلاق الإسلامية السمحة، واضعاً مصلحة الوطن فوق كل اعتبار. تميز عهده المبارك (1951 ـ1969) بقدر لا بأس به من الديمقراطية والحريات العامة والعدل وتكافؤ الفرص وبقدر هائل من التسامح… هذا التسامح الأبوي هو الذي فتح شهية المغامرين والعملاء وطلاب السلطة واللصوص.

بعد تسلمه الحكم جاء للملك بعض زعماء القبائل طالبين القصاص من أعدائهم من بنى وطنهم فرد عليهم قائلاً: “عفا الله عما سلف”. كما منع أفراد اسرته السنوسية من تقلد المناصب السياسية، فيما عدا الوظائف الدبلوماسية.

وفي صيف 1949 رفض تسليم ثلاثة من شباب جماعة الإخوان المسلمين إلى الحكومة المصرية طرقوا باب قصره طالبين حمايته وكانوا قد أتهموا في جريمة قتل النقراشي باشا، وأصر على أن يجيرهم كما تملي عليه العادات الإسلامية والعربية الأصيلة.

لمزيد من المعلومات عن الملك إدريس والعائلة السنوسية الطيبة المباركة يمكن للقارئ الكريم الإطلاع على كتاب “الملك إدريس عاهل ليبيا: حياته وعصره”، تأليف ئي. ديكاندول، مانشستر 1989. ترجمة ونشر محمد عبده بن غلبون.

6. العقيد الركن رمضان بن صلاح من سكان مدينة غريان. تخرج من الكلية الحربية المصرية سنة 1954. إنسان مكافح صبور منظم ونشط. تدرج في السلك العسكري حتى صار قائداً للكلية العسكرية الملكية ببنغازى. كان قليل الأهتمام بالسياسة، اتخذ العسكرية مهنة وهواية. كان فخراً له ولليبيا أن يختار من قبل أربعة عشر ملكاً ورئيساً حضروا القمة العربية سنة 1964 ليكون المعاون الثاني للفريق على على عامر. كان في الجبهة الأردنية أثناء حرب 1967 وبعد انتهاء الحرب بعدة أشهر قدم استقالته من القيادة العربية الموحدة وعاد إلى ليبيا. ولكن جاء الأمريكان ومعهم ملازم حقود ليودع الضابط الكفؤ والوطني الصادق العقيد رمضان بن صلاح في السجن. وبسبب خوف النظام من الرجال من أمثال العقيد رمضان من ذوى السمعة الطيبة أبعد من ليبيا كسفير لبلاده في تشيكوسلوفاكيا. بعد عمليات الزحف الغوغائية على السفارات الليبية في بداية الثمانينات رجع العقيد رمضان إلى ليبيا ليشتغل في الأعمال الحرة كتاجر رخام.

7. رفض الأمير الحسن الرضا السنوسي، هذا الإنسان التقي المتواضع، الدخول في مؤامرات ضد شعبه وأمته. كان يؤمن بأن مستقبل ليبيا يجب أن يكون في يد أبنائها وأنهم قادرون على النهوض بهذه المسئولية. إلا أن الأمريكان تضايقوا من توجهات الأمير الوطنية واتهموه بالجهل فى أمور السياسة: “لأنه يعتقد أن في مقدور ليبيا أن تدير امورها بنفسها دون مساعدة من أمريكا وبريطانيا” (تقرير مرسل من السفارة الأمريكية بطرابلس إلى وزارة الخارجية بواشنطن بتاريخ11 اكتوبر 1968 ـ بن حليم: ليبيا انبعاث أمة.. وسقوط دولة ص532).

كما لم يفتهم أن ينتقدوا صهر الأمير الأستاذ الفاضل الطاهر إبراهيم مصطفى باكير ـ رحمه الله ـ سليل بيت العلم والشرف، وبالتأكيد لم ينسوا تصريحات باكير المدوية أثناء انعقاد مؤتمر القمة العربي بالقاهرة سنة 1964، وكان حينها سفيراً بالقاهرة، عندما صرح للصحفيين: “بأن ليبيا ليست فى حاجه للمساعدات الأمريكية والبريطانية، وأنه في مقدور مجموعة من التجار الوطنيين توفير ما تدفعه هاتان الدولتان مقابل تأجيرهما للقواعد العسكرية”.

لقد أكرم الله الحسن الرضا بأن عاش آخر أيامه في حرية وأمان بين أحضان اسرته الكريمة بلندن وأن يدفن بعد وفاته سنة 1992 في المدينة المنورة بالقرب من حضرة سيدنا محمد صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم وصحابته رضوان الله عليهم وبجانب عمه الملك المغفور له محمد إدريس السنوسي.

8. أنشئت مدرسة الزاوية العسكرية سنة 1953 لتخريج دفعات سريعة من الضباط. كان آمر المدرسة العقيد إدريس عبدالله يعاونه ضباط أمريكان وعراقيين. للإنخراط فيها كانت المدرسة لا تشترط حصول الطالب على الشهادة الثانوية، وقد تخرج من المدرسة من كان عمرهم سبعة عشر عاماً. كانت مدة الدراسة ستة أشهر يتحصل بعدها الخريج على رتبة ملازم ثان. التحق بالمدرسة حوالى أربعون شاباً من مختلف مناطق ليبيا، تخرج منهم قرابة خمسة وثلاثون والبقية تركت الدراسة. أقفلت المدرسة بعد سنتين من إنشائها.

خريجو مدرسة الزاوية:

عزيز شنيب (نائب مدير التدريب فيما بعد)، طارق الباروني (صار وزيراً)، أحمد المدفعي، يونس العمراني، محمد بن يونس المسماري، مختار إبراهيم البنغازى، شعبان عمارة، عثمان عباس القاضي، يوسف القزلة، عبدالله المنصوري، سليمان عمر خليفه، على المريمي، خليفه المحمودي، أحمد حراقه، أحمد العقوري، عبدالحميد بالاعمي، عبدالله حلوم، عبدالله الحمروش، حسين الشريف، حسين بادى، مختار الغناي، سالم جعفر، عبدالونيس العبار، مفتاح العبار، مفتاح الفيتوري وبشير اليفرني.

وانضم كل من بهجت الترجمان وطارق عبدالباقي ويحي عمر سعيد فيما بعد لجهاز الشرطة.

ويلاحظ ورود اسمى العقيد يونس العمراني والعقيد مختار إبراهيم البنغازي في البرقية المرسلة من وزير خارجية أمريكا إلي السفارة الأمريكية بطرابلس في 18 أبريل 1968 (أنظر أعلاه تحت عنوان الإختراق). ويلاحظ كذلك أن العقيد مختار البنغازي كان من الضباط القلائل الذين دعاهم التلفزيون الليبي للحديث في برنامج “شهادات للتاريخ” أواخر التسعينيات. وكان المتحدثون يسردون عادة الوقائع والروايات التى يكون بطلها القذافي وفي بعض الأحيان زملاءه من الضباط الأحرار المتورطين معه.

أما باقى الخريجين وكانوا ستة ضباط: فرحات العماري (مدير إدارة بالجيش) وسالم الفرجاني (صنف مشاة)، وعبدالوهاب العاشق (آمر الشرطة العسكرية بالمرج)، وعابد جاد الله، وعلي الأطيوش (شقيق اللواء السنوسي الأطيوش)، وخليل العبار (ياور اللواء الأطيوش) وكان معهم ضابط النقليات السنوسي شلوف أحد جنود جيش التحرير السنوسي، فقد اتهموا جميعاً بالمشاركة في محاولة إنقلابية في مايو 1962 والتى كانت ستنطلق من مدينة المرج. وكانت هذة المحاولة فيما يبدو رداً على تنحية اللواء السنوسي الأطيوش ( أحد ضباط جيش التحرير السنوسي) من منصب رئيس الأركان أواخر 1961 وتعيين بدلاً منه اللواء نورى الصديق بن إسماعيل.

وقد تصدى للإنقلابيين ضباط أوفياء من أمثال عمر شنشن والطاهر الناجح وفوزى الدغيلي ورمضان غريبيل وآخرون أغلبهم من دفعات العراق وأفشلوا الإنقلاب وقبض على الإنقلابيين وسجنوا ولكن الملك إدريس وقبل قضائهم سنتين في السجن كلف عبدالحميد البكوش وزير العدل آنذاك بإصدار مرسوم بالعفو عنهم. وقد أنعم الملك على الضباط الأربعة الذين أفشلوا الإنقلاب بوسام الإستقلال تكريماً لهم. عين اللواء السنوسي الأطيوش والذى لم يكن له أي دور في المحاولة الإنقلابية فيما بعد وزيراً للمواصلات في إحدى وزارات العهد الملكي.

9. كان اللواء نورى الصديق أحد ضباط جيش التحرير السنوسي الذى ساهم مع الحلفاء في هزيمة القوات الإيطالية والألمانية في ليبيا. تولى رئاسة أركان الجيش في الفترة من 1962 إلى 1968 والتى تعتبر من أفضل فترات الجيش الليبي. كان قائداً مخلصاً متسامحاً متواضعاً ومحباً لمرؤسية، ومع ذلك فقد كان حازماً في الأمور التى تتطلب الحزم.

ويحضرنى قوله: “والله إنه أرجل من خمسين ضابط، لو كان في بلد تانى لقدروه وكرموه” وكان يقصد بهذا المديح الضابط طيار صلاح الهنشيري. وتتلخص قصة هذا الضابط كما يلي:

صلاح عارف الهنشيرى من أقدم الطيارين الليبيين وأبرعهم. خريج مصر سنة 1954. كان طياراً جرئياً وشجاعاً ولربما لحد التهور، كاد مرة أن يفقد حياته عندما ارتطمت طائرته بصارى مركب صيد. كان إنساناً مرحاً بشوشاً ومحبوباً من الجميع. رغم أقدميته بقى مدرباً للطيران وكان هذا لا يزعجه بل كان يقول: “حريتى أفضل من تحمل مسئولية الطيران”.

في آواخر ديسمبر 1966 ـ وبدون استئذان من أحد ـ توجه الطيار صلاح بطائرته ذات المحرك الواحد (كانت مصر قد أهدتها لليبيا) إلي لندن ليحضر حفل رأس السنة فى ميدان الطرف الأغر Trafalgar Square! دخل الأجواء البريطانية بدون تصريح أو جواز سفر وفي جو غيم. سمح له بالهبوط في مطار صغير وقال لبرج المراقبة: “أنا جاى أحضر الكريسماس عندكم”. فأقتيد إلى مركز للشرطة وتأكدوا من هويته وأبلغوا السلطات الليبية التى اعتذرت. سمح لصلاح بالبقاء ليلة واحدة وتمكن من حضور حفل رأس السنة عند الطرف الأغر برفقه ضابط شرطة إنجليزي. عند رجوعه إلى ليبيا في اليوم التالي قبض عليه في مطار طرابلس وعوقب بعشرة أيام اعتقال ثكنة وتأخير ترقيته من مقدم إلى عقيد. ومع ذلك فقد أثنى اللواء نورى الصديق على شجاعة وجرأة عاشق الحرية الطيار صلاح الهنشيري.

10. قام العقيد الشلحي برحلة عقب حرب يونيو 1967 مباشرة على متن طائرة عسكرية إلى كل من مصر وسوريا والأردن. رافقه في هذه الرحلة كل من د. أحمد البشتي وزير الخارجية والطيار سليمان العمراني. أخذ العقيد الشلحي معه أربعة شيكات بقيمة 55 مليون جنيه ليبي أي ما يعادل في ذلك الوقت 160 مليون دولار. سلم 25 مليونا لمصر باسم القوات المسلحة و15 مليونا لسوريا باسم حزب البعث و10 مليون للاردن باسم الديوان الملكي وذلك حسب طلب رؤساء هذه الدول و5 مليون سلمت لرئيس منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية أحمد الشقيري باسم منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية وكان تعليق العقيد الشلحي: “تمنيت لو أن كل الشيكات ذهبت إلى عبدالناصر”.

11. إضافة إلى الدور الرئيسي الذي لعبه المستشار مصطفى المهدوي في الدفع بمجموعة الضباط الوحدويون الأحرار ودعمهم في القيام بحركة سبتمبر 1969، فقد أقدم عام 1990 على نشر كتاب سماه “البيان بالقرآن” تعرض فيه بالنقد للمبادئ والمعتقدات الأساسية الإسلامية، ناكراً حق رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في البيان والتشريع. لقد أراد المهدوي أن يكون كتابه البيان بالقرآن بمثابة “الكتاب الأخضر” في الدين وليكون بديلاً عن المذاهب الإسلامية المعروفة. ولم ينف المهدوي علاقته بمجموعة الضباط الوحدويون الأحرار حيث جاء في أحد ردوده على ما كتبه الأخوين حسن وحسين عبدالحميد الزاوي في هذا الموقع (أخـبار ليـبـيا 11 فبراير 2006) ما يلي:

“… وأما عن علاقتي بالضباط الوحدويين الأحرار فإن قلت لا علاقة لي بهم فإنني أتبرأ منهم وإن كانت لي علاقة بهم فكأنني لا أحب أن ادعي شيئا لا دليل عليه عندي وأنا لا أقول كل ما يقول القائد وهو لا يقول كل ما أقول ولكننا ننهل من مدرسة واحدة هي مدرسة القران فيه تبيان كل شئ وما من رجلين في مدرسة واحدة الا تشابهت قلوبهما.”

فلا يخفى وجود توافق ليس في الدفاع عن القرآن ولكن في هدم السنة المحمدية وإبطالها واستبدال شريعة الله بشريعة الأهواء. ولولا فضل الله وغيرة الليبيين على دينهم لكانت فتنة ولحلت بشعبنا كارثة لا يحمد عقباها ولكن الله سلم. وما كان رفع شعار “القرآن شريعة المجتمع” إلا للتضليل والتشويش وإفساد عقيدة الناس. لقد أكد المهدوي في كتابه ما كان كثيرون يرددونه حول موقف العقيد القذافي من السنة النبوية. وقد صرح المهدوي لأحد محاوريه: “أنه يصلى صلاة القرآن مع أقرانه بمصر، وإذا صلى خلف واحد من غير القرآنيين صلاة العصر أو المغرب مثلاً، فإنه ينوي صلاة ركعتين للفرض، ومازاد يكون قربى إلى الله!”

ومن أمثلة ما يؤمن به المهدوي وتلاميذه ويحاول ترويجه ونشره بين شعبنا الليبي وأمتنا الإسلامية والذى تم توثيقه فيما بعد في كتاب البيان بالقرآن ما يلي:

· أن القرآن يفسر بعضه بعضاً ولا يحتاج إلى بيان سواء من ‏السنة القولية أوالعملية أو غيرها من آراء العلماء والمفسرين.
· إن الصلاة ركعتان فقط وإن الصلاة لا تقصر في السفر، بل في الخوف فقط، وإذا ‏قصرت تكون ركعة واحدة، ولا يشترط قراءة الفاتحة في الصلاة.
· إن الاحتلام لا يوجب الغسل، وخروج الريح والضراط لا ينقض الوضوء.
· المرأة يجب ‏عليها أن تصلي وأن تصوم وهي حائض، والمريض لا يجوز له التيمم.
· أنه يجب على المسلم أن يصوم إلى الليل ولا يحل له ‏الإفطار عند الغروب.
· لا يوجد مقدار معين للزكاة أو بيان الأموال التي تجب فيها ولا ‏ميقات للزكاة إلا في بعض الحالات مثل زكاة الزروع إنها تؤتى يوم الحصاد.
· إن الحج يجوز في المحرّم وشوال، ولا يشترط أن يقف الحاج بعرفة يوم التاسع من ذي ‏الحجة، وأن رمي الجمار بمنى يعتبر نصباً ما أنزل الله به من سلطان.
· الختان ليس من سنة الإسلام.
· شحم الخنزير حلال.

من معجزات سيدنا محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه أخبرعن أشياء ستقع ووقعت، ونبهنا عن أشخاص من أهل البدع والأهواء ومنكرى سنته سيأتون من بعده. فعن المقدام بن معد يكرب ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: “يوشك الرجل متكئاً على أريكته يحدّث بحديث من حديثي، فيقول: بيننا وبينكم كتاب الله، فما وجدنا فيه من حلال استحللناه، وما وجدنا فيه من حرام حرمناه، ألا وإن ما حرم رسول الله مثل ما حرم الله.”

وعن أبي رافع ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: “لا ألفين أحدكم متكئاً على أريكته يأتيه الأمر مما أمرت به أو نهيت عنه، فيقول: لا أدرى، ما وجدنا في كتاب الله اتبعناه.”

ينكر المهدوي بأن له أي علاقة بكلية فكتوريا، التى مقرها مدينة الإسكندرية بمصر، سوى أنه درس فيها لعدة أشهر وهو طفل. ولكن نلاحظ أن من بين أصدقائه المقربين خريجين من تلك الكلية معروفين في المجتمع الليبي بأفكارهم الغريبة وتصرفاتهم الحمقاء وقد تقلد بعضهم مناصب عليا في الدولة. وفي فترة من الفترات صار أحدهم (يشاع أنه ماسونياً) مستشاراً للرائد عبدالسلام إجلود أحد رموز القمع والإرهاب والفساد في ليبيا قبل أن يلجمه الله ويكفي الليبيين شره ويسلطه الله على من ظلموا وآذوا إخوانهم الليبيين من أمثال المهندس عزالدين الهنشيري (مستشار الأمن القومي) “وكذلك نولّى بعض الظالمين بعضا بما كانوا يكسبون”.

ولقد استنكر الليبيون ما كان يصرح به القذافي في أمور الدين وتهجمه السافر على السنة النبوية المطهرة وعلى أئمة وعلماء المسلمين وتزييفه للتاريخ الليبي والإسلامي. وقد قام كل من الشيخ الشهيد محمد عبدالسلام البشتي وفضيلة المفتي الشيخ الطاهر أحمد الزاوي بالتصدى بحزم على إفتراءات القذافي. كان الشيخ الزاوي في بعض الأحيان يصلى صلاة الجمعة بمسجد القصر الملحق بقصر الخلد بطرابلس خلف الإمام محمد البشتي، وكان من رواد المسجد الشهيدين رشيد كعبار ولطفى امقيق. وكان من رواد المسجد أيضا العقيد عبدالعزيز الشلحي ولربما يكون شاهداً على الحادثة التالية.

بعد الصلاة كان الشيخ الزاوي يقف ويتحدث عن بعض الأمور التى كانت تشغل بال الليبيين منتقداً في بعض الأحيان قرارات القذافي الجائرة مثل قانون اغتصاب الأملاك الذى عرف بقانون رقم 4 الصادر سنة 1978. وفي إحدى جمع سنة 1979 وقبل صعود الخطيب المنبر نهض الشيخ الزاوي وقال بصوته الجهوري: “أريد أن أقول لكم كلمة… إن القذافي… كافر كافر كافر!” ثم جلس. بعد هذا التصريح الخطير تعرض الشيخ وتعرضت دار الإفتاء لحملة عدائية شرسة من قبل القذافي ولجانه الثورية ولكن الشيخ المجاهد رغم كبر سنة فهو من مواليد عام 1890 صمد ولم يرضخ وظل يجاهر بقولة الحق بكل جرأة وشجاعة. ولكن لما سدت في وجهه كل طرق للتعبير عن رأيه اضطر لتقديم استقالته من دار الإفتاء آواخر سنة 1984 واعتكف في بيته بشارع الجمهورية إلى أن انتقل إلى رحمه الله تعالى في 6 مارس 1986.

12. تأسست الكلية العسكرية الملكية سنة 1957 وكان مقرها قصر الغدير ببنغازي. بدأ بالتدريس فيها ضباط عراقيون ثم خريجوا الدفعات الأخرى وكانت مدة الدراسة بها سنتان. وكانت تخرج سنوياً ما بين 35 إلى 50 ضابطاً حتى قيام إنقلاب 1969. معمر القذافي خريج الدفعة السابعة (1963 ـ 1965).

نبذة عن نشأة الجيش الليبي

يعتبر تاريخ 9 أغسطس 1940 هو بداية تأسيس الجيش الليبي. فقد احتاج الجيش الثامن البريطاني الذى كان يحارب المحور المكون من الإيطاليين والألمان، احتاج إلى عناصر شبه عسكرية تنضم مع أرتاله المحاربة وتكون كخطوط خلفيه يستعين بها الجيش المحارب، مع الإتصال بالمدنيين أو نقل الأرزاق أو تأمين قواعد الإمداد والتموين بجانب اختيار بعض العناصر التى لها كفاءة لتدريبها ولتكون من ضمن جنود الحلفاء الذين قد انضموا لى الجيش الثامن وليساهموا في تحرير وطنهم من الاحتلال الإيطالي.

اتفقت القيادة البريطانية وممثلها العقيد براملي مع الأمير محمد إدريس السنوسي على الإستعانه بعناصر من المهاجرين الليبيين المقيمين على الأراضي المصرية وفيما بعد بالأسرى الموجودين بالتل الكبير والذين أسرهم الجيش البريطاني في نهاية 1940 في سيدى برانى لتكون نواة لجيش ليبي وسمي الجيش المرابط أو الجيش السنوسي. وفتح معسكر للتدريب بمنطقة الهرم عند الكيلو 9 بهضبة الهرم على الطريق الرئيسي الصحراوى القاهرة الإسكندرية. وما زال النصب التذكارى لتأسيس هذا الجيش مقام حتى الآن.

من ضمن الرجال الذين قاموا بتدريب أو المعاونة في تشكيل هذا الجيش: حسين الفقية، أحمد الشتيوي السويحلي، على أبوهادى، عبدالحميد العبار، السنوسي الأطيوش، عمر فائق شنيب، نورى الصديق بن إسماعيل، السنوسي شمس الدين، إدريس العيساوي، محمود بوقويطين، عبدالله الجاظره، حمد بوخيرالله، إدريس عبدالله، جبريل صالح، سليم عبدربه، سعد شماطه، فرج صالحين، صالح مطير، محمد عبدالمولي، صالح الأطيوش، عبدالجليل سيف النصر، إبراهيم أحمد الشريف السنوسي ومفتاح بوشاح، وكان لجميعم وغيرهم من المجاهدين شرف المساهمة فيما بعد في تأسيس دولة الدستور والقانون.

بدأ الجيش بالتدريب ثم انضم مع الحلفاء في معارك حلفا والعلمين ثم في الإندفاع وراء فلول الإيطاليين والألمان المنسحبه حتى دخلوا برقة واستمر في اندفاعه حتى حررت طرابلس في يناير 1943. وتكون من هؤلاء الجنود والضباط نواة لقوة دفاع برقة والقوة المتحركة المركزية بطرابلس ونواة الجيش الليبي الجديد. في سنة 1951 أرسلت مجموعة من ضباط الجيش السنوسي إلى بريطانيا لدورة إنعاش ولاكتساب اللغة. وعندما نالت ليبيا استقلالها في 24 ديسمبر 1951 بدأت الحكومة الليبية في تأسيس الجيش وإرسال البعثات العسكرية للخارج وأنشأت مدرسة عسكرية سنة 1953 في مدينة الزاوية لتخريج دفعات سريعة من الضباط لحين عودة المبعوثين من الخارج.

في البداية أسندت قيادة الجيش لضابط إنجليزي ثم في سنة 1954 اختارت الحكومة الليبية المملكة العراقية لتدريب الجيش حيث انتدب إليها أفضل العناصر وكان منهم اللواء شكرى نديم (1954 ـ1956) ثم اللواء عادل بك راغب (1956 ـ1958) ثم اللواء صبحى عبدالحميد (1958) وضباط آخرين منهم المقدم أحمد شهاب والمقدم نورى الصباغ. توقف انتداب الضباط العراقيين بعدما قامت ثورة العراق سنة 1958، وكانوا جميعاً ذو كفاءة ومقدره وخلفوا وراءهم جيشا مثاليا أطاح الإنقلاب بعناصره وأخرجهم وهم مازالوا في قمة عطائهم.

في بداية 1955 كان قد تكون جيشاً ليبياً ولكن صغير الحجم ولا يزيد عدد أفراده عن ألفي جندى وضابط. ثم افتتحت الكلية العسكرية الملكية ببنغازى سنة 1957. كان الإلتحاق بالجيش تطوعياً (5) سنوات وأقصاها (7) سنوات، وفي عام 1968 بدأت ليبيا تأخذ بنظام التجنيد الإجباري حسب سنوات الميلاد بداية من 18 سنة يتم فيها الإلتحاق إجبارياً لكل شاب ليخدم في الجيش من سنة إلى ثلاث سنوات. ورغم قلة الموارد أنشأت عدة مدارس للتعليم والإمداد الإسنادى (مخابرة، نقليات، مشاة، مدفعية، هندسة ميدان، هندسة آلية ودروع) ثم تشكل السلاح البحري في 1963 والجوي في 1964 ووحدة للدفاع الجوي في 1968. وهكذا استمر الجيش في عمله ـ والذى وصل عدده إلى حوالى 350 ضابطا ونحو عشرة الآف جندي ـ حتى 1 سبتمبر 1969 عندما داهمه الإنقلاب.

13. نستغرب لما قاله رئيس وزراء ليبيا الأسبق مصطفى بن حليم، وهو السياسي المحنك، في كتابه “ليبيا انبعاث أمة.. وسقوط دولة” (ألمانيا 2003) بأن المخابرات الغربية لم تكن على علم بحركة طغمة القذافي كما يسميها، مع أن كتابه ملئ بالأدلة التى تؤكد وجود اتصالات واسعة بين رجال السفارة الأمريكية وعملائهم بالمدنيين والعسكريين الليبيين (الملحق رقم 8 ص508 ـ513). ليس هذا فقط بل إن مخططي إنقلاب سبتمبر من الأمريكان أرادوا أيضاً “بسط نفوذ أمريكا على التعليم الإعدادى والثانوى!” (ص510 ـ512)

ونستغرب أيضاً لما قاله بن حليم بأنه اتصل بثمانية من كبار المسئولين الأمريكان والإنجليز الذين نفوا جميعا أن تكون لدولهم أية علاقة بإنقلاب سبتمبر 1969، مع علمه بأن من ثوابت الدول الكبرى عدم الإفصاح عن أي دور لها في تغيير الأنظمة. وما كان عليه إلا أن يسأل المستشار مصطفى المهدوي الذى يملك كل الأجوبة. إننا نجزم بأن تصريحات المسئولين الغربيين والأمريكان خاصة إنما هى جزء من الخديعة، فقد تعلم الأمريكان درساً مهماً بعد فشل إنقلابهم في سوريا بقيادة حسني الزعيم في 30 مارس 1949 والذى لم يدم سوى أربعة أشهر ونصفا عندما قام العميد سامي الحناوي بإنقلابه وأعدم حسني الزعيم ودفنه في المقبرة الفرنسية.

ومن الأمور المحيرة في ما كتبه مصطفى بن حليم دفاع السفيرين ديفيد نيوسم وجوزيف بالمر عن القذافي ونظامه أثناء اجتماعهما بالرئيس ريتشارد نيكسون (رئيس أمريكا من 1969 إلى 1974) في البيت الأبيض وبحضور ريتشارد هيلمز مدير وكالة الإستخبارات المركزية حين قالا وفي نفس واحدة: “يا سيادة الرئيس، ليبيا وقع فيها إنقلاب وأمامنا 30 سنة من التعاون والتفاهم مع النظام الليبي الجديد… ” (المصدر السابق ص411)

فهل دبر السفيران إنقلاب سبتمبر دون علم الإدارة الأمريكية؟ هل أخفى الأمر عن وكالة الإستخبارات الأمريكية؟ إذن لصالح من كان مصطفى المهدوي يعمل وهو الذي كان يصرح دائماً بأنه يعمل للأمريكان وأن أمريكا تريد إحداث تغيير في ليبيا وأنها منذ أواخر 1966 ـ كما أشرنا بالتفصيل سالفاً ـ وجدت ضالتها في مجموعة الملازمين وإنها اتفقت معهم على جميع المسائل من بينها إجلاء قواعدها وإمداد الإنقلابيين بالسلاح؟

كما لم يخبرنا بن حليم في كتابيه (الكتاب الأخر هو “صفحات مطوية من تاريخ ليبيا السياسي” بريطانيا 1992) عن سبب سفره المفاجئ إلى بنغازى ـ حيث يقطن المهدوي والقذافي ـ يوم 22 أغسطس 1969 ومغادرته لها يوم 25 أغسطس مباشرة إلى بيروت ثم إلى زيورخ.

في الختام، فمما يؤخذ على مصطفى بن حليم عدم إبلاغ السلطات الليبية ـ وخاصة صديقه الوفي الملك إدريس ـ عما كان يدبره الأمريكان والمهدوي. وهناك العديد من المسئولين البارزين السابقين في الحكومة الليبية الذين يفسرون سكوته وغضه الطرف عما كان يحاك في السر بأنه نكاية في خصمه اللدود العقيد عبدالعزيز الشلحي ولإفشال مساعي الشلحي للسلطة.

14. يحى عمر سعيد من سكان مدينة جادو بالجبل الغربي، خريج مدرسة الزاوية العسكرية، نقل إلى الشرطة (البوليس الاتحادي) ثم عمل بإحدى شركات النفط. بعد خروجه من ليبيا عمل كمستشار للسلطان قابوس حاكم عُمان فى الفترة من 1970 الى 1981. عند إقامته في أمريكا كان يتردد على أصدقائه القدامي في وكالة الإستخبارات المركزية خاصة العقيد جيمس كرتشفيلد (مدير سابق لإدارة الشرق الأوسط بالسي آي إيه) والجنرال جوزيف كابوتشي. وكان أحد حراسه في فترة من الفترات عميلا سابقا فى الوكالة يدعى فيلكس رودريجز، أحد اللاعبين الرئيسيين في عملية “الكونترا” التى قادها العقيد أوليفر نورث في عهد الرئيس رونالد ريجان (رئيس أمريكا من 1981 إلى 1989)

ومن الملفت للنظر اهتمام يحي عمر بالمعارضة الليبية. فهل كان يعمل لحساب طرف آخر أم هى صحوة ضمير وتكفير عن خطايا في حق شعبه وبلده؟ فخلال الثمانينات كان على اتصال بشخصيات ليبية معارضة ـ وكانت هذه الإتصالات تمر عبر صديقه الذى أخرجه من ليبيا يوم الإنقلاب الرائد عبدالمنعم الهونى عضو مجلس قيادة الإنقلاب السابق ثم رئيس الهيئة الليبية للخلاص الوطني ثم أخيراً مندوب ليبيا الدائم لدى جامعة الدول العربية ـ وتوجت تلك الإتصالات بعقد اجتماع ضم 18 شخصية ليبية من مختلف فصائل المعارضة في مزرعة يحى عمر بالقاهرة في 25 نوفمبر 1986.

في يوليو 1987 وزعت قيادة الجبهة الوطنية لإنقاذ ليبيا على أعضائها مذكرة من 45 صفحة جاء على صفحة 12 منها ما يلي:

· قيام عنصر من العناصر البارزة والهامة، وهي التي إستضافت “لقاء المزرعة” بإبلاغ مخابرات القذافي عن بعض تحركات الجبهة السرية (صيف 86) وذلك بمعرفة وبشهادة أحد العناصر البارزة الأخرى التي حضرت ذلك اللقاء.

· وجود علاقة لأحد أهم عناصر ” لقاء المزرعة” والداعين إليه مع المخابرات الإسرائيلية، وسعيه لترتيب لقاء بينها وبين شخصيات ليبية.

بحسب ما ورد في الفقرتين السابقتين لا يمكن الجزم عمن هو جاسوس القذافي ومن كان على اتصال بالموساد وقد يكون هو نفس الشخص المعني في الفقرتين. المؤكد أن الذى استضاف اللقاء كان يحي عمر وخرجت دعوات اللقاء من القاهرة باسم عبدالمنعم الهوني.

توفي يحي عمر بسويسرا في 3 نوفمبر 2003 تاركاً وراءه ثروة قدرت سنة 1990 بنحو مليار دولار.

15. عندما قبض على المقدم موسى أحمد أوفد القذافي الضابط المهذب الرائد عبدالمنعم الهوني إلى المعتقل لمقابلة رئيس وأعضاء المحكمة العسكرية ليبحث عن قضايا قديمة لموسى أحمد مع أن هذه القضايا نظر فيها. فقد كانت النية مبيتة لتصفيته نهائياً. طلبوا ملف قضية بالذات كانت وقائعها حدثت في سبها سنة 1968 عندما كان موسى أحمد معاون آمر الكتيبة هناك وقد وقع نزاع بينه وبين آمر الكتيبة عبدالله حلوم (خريج مدرسة الزاوية) وضابط صغير اسمه الطمزيني.

ومن وقائع هذه القضية صرح الملازم الطمزيني أن موسى أحمد يستغل مركزه في أخذ اسمنت للشركة التى تبنى مطار سبها وهى شركة بلغارية وكان وكيلها الهادى حموده. وبعد بحث القضية من قبل المحكمة رفضت المحكمة قبول الدعوى لأنها كيدية وأن الأسمنت هو اسمنت فاسد ملقى بعد انتهاء الشركة من أعمالها أخذه موسى أحمد ليرمم به بعض الأماكن في الوحدة وبرئ موسى أحمد وعوقب الملازم الطمزيني. وخاب أمل القذافي فلم يجد ما يدين به موسى أحمد.

16. ومن الممارسات اللاإنسانية خلال عهد الإنقلاب أقدمت السلطات الليبية في السبعينيات بأمر القذافي على إزالة مسجد وضريح سيدى حموده بميدان الشهداء بطرابلس وتم هدمه ليلاً بالمتفجرات. وأتبعت ذلك بهدم ضريح شيخ الشهداء عمر المختار المقام في وسط مدينة بنغازي ونقل رفاته، رغم اعتراض ابنه محمد، ودفنها في مدينة سلوق النائية الصغيرة… ورأينا بعد ذلك كيف أصبح ضريح محمد أبومنيار القذافي والد معمر القذافي بمقبرة الهاني بطرابلس مزاراً ـ حسب المراسم الرسمية للدولة ـ للوفود الرسمية القادمة إلى ليبيا.

يوم 9 نوفمبر 1984 صدرت الأوامر بهدم ضريح الإمام المجدد السيد محمد بن على السنوسي (1787 ـ 1859) مؤسس الحركة السنوسية الإصلاحية المباركة وجدّ مؤسس دولة ليبيا الحديثة. كلف بذلك إبن عم القذافي الضابط حسن اشكال حيث قام بنبش قبر الإمام وقبر ابنه السيد محمد الشريف بزاوية الجغبوب. كما نبشت قبور حفيدي الإمام السيدين محمد الرضا ومحمد صفي الدين، وكذلك قبر صهر الإمام عمران بن بركة الفيتوري. وفي حجرة “أمهاتنا” الملحقة بضريح السيد الإمام نبش قبر اثنتين من زوجات الإمام وعشرة من أحفاده (أولاد السيدين محمد المهدي ومحمد الشريف أبني الإمام) الذين ماتوا وهم صغار السن. ودفنت جميع الرفات في مكان مجهول وأما جثتى الإمام وابنه السيد محمد الشريف فقد وضعتا في سيارة عسكرية ورميتا في الصحراء بالقرب من مدينة اجدابيا.

بعد أيام قليلة عثر أحد الرعاة على جثتي السيد الإمام وابنه السيد محمد الشريف وكانتا في حالة طبيعية أي لم تتحللا فظن أنها جريمة قتل فأبلغ الشرطة التى قامت بنقل الجثتين إلي مشرحة مدينة اجدابيا حيث تم التعرف عليهما. عندما بلغ الأمر الى معمر القذافي أرسل بوجه السرعة سيارة عسكرية لنقل الجثتين الطاهرتين باتجاه مدينة طرابلس. ويشاع أنهما دفنتا بمعسكر باب العزيزية. وفي نفس الوقت وفي المقبرة الملحقة بمقام سيدي رافع الأنصاري بالبيضاء نبشت قبور السادة السنوسية وهدم قبر السيد الصديق السنوسي وكذلك قبر إبراهيم الشلحي.

بعد سنة وأسبوعين من فعلته المشينة لقى حسن اشكال مصرعه على يد ابن عمه معمر القذافي داخل معسكر باب العزيزية “وكذلك نولّى بعض الظالمين بعضا بما كانوا يكسبون”.

ومن تلك الممارسات اللاإنسانية ما جرى للشيخ عبدالرحمن العدولي من مواليد طرابلس سنة 1943 من أسرة متوسطة الحال. فقد بصره وهو صغير السن. وجهه والده رحمه الله للتعليم الديني فاجتهد حتى التحق للدراسة بمعهد أحمد باشا الديني الكائن بمنطقة الظهرة بطرابلس. بعد تخرجه عين مدرساً لمادة الدين الإسلامي بالمدارس الحكومية. كان إنساناً تقياً، دمث الأخلاق، طيب المعشر. كان الشيخ عبدالرحمن ممن ألقي القبض عليهم في نوفمبر 1980 في الحملة التى طالت المترددين على مسجد القصر بطرابلس حيث كان الشيخ الشهيد محمد البشتي يلقى مواعضه ودروسه الدينية، وبدون توجيه أي تهمه له سجن الشيخ عبدالرحمن لمدة أربع سنوات. بعد خروجه من السجن أضطر للرجوع للعمل في مجال التدريس من أجل كسب قوت عياله.

في سنة 1989 أقتيد الشيخ الفاضل مرة آخرى إلى السجن وبقي فيه إحدى عشر سنة وبدون توجيه أي تهمه محدده له، بل أثناء التحقيق معه سمع أحد المحققين يقول لزميله: “هذا الراجل مفيش شئ عليه، ليش امخلينه هنا!” في سنة 2003 تقاعد الشيخ عبدالرحمن من التدريس.

أثناء أحداث سجن بوسليم الدامية في يونيو 1996 قتل الشيخ سعد قيطون وكان أيضاً كفيف البصر. وقد تجاهل الإعلام العربي والعالمي تجاهل الحديث عن مجزرة بوسليم الرهيبة التى راح ضحيتها أكثر من ألف سجين ليبي دفنوا في مقابر جماعية سرية.

17. من المفارقات العجيبة أن يسجن الشيخ الجليل والفارس الجسور عبدالحميد العبار رفيق شيخ الشهداء عمر المختار بعد إنقلاب سبتمبر 1969. وقد نقل عنه وهو في السجن أنه قال ـ ما معناه: “لو كان سيدى عمر (يقصد عمر المختار) حي لكان معانا في هالدويرة! (أي معنا في حجرة السجن).

18. بلغنا من مصدر ثقة مقرب من الشيخ عبدالحميدالعبار أن الملك إدريس كتب وصية يترك بموجبها الحكم للعقيد عبدالعزيز الشلحي، وقد حررت أربع نسخ من الوصية: واحدة إلى صديق الملك السياسي القدير محمود المنتصر، الذى إذا نجح الشلحي في السيطرة، سيكون رئيساً للوزراء.. ونسخة آخرى لرئيس مجلس النواب مفتاح عريقيب وثالثه لدى الشيخ عبدالحميد العبار رئيس مجلس الشيوخ ورابعة لدى عمر الشلحي. ولكن تأتى الرياح بما لا تشتهى السفن فقد تسربت المعلومات عن الوصية إلى المخططين الأمريكان الذين أمروا الإنقلابيين بضرورة الإسراع في القيام بإنقلابهم مستفدين من الجو المهيأ للعقيد الشلحي.

19. أرسلت الحكومة الليبية دفعتين من الطلبة للدراسة بالكلية الحربية المصرية. تخرجت الدفعة الأولى (دفعة السلاح التشيكي) سنة 1954 وتخرجت الدفعة الثانية سنة 1956 وكانت تضم اثنا عشر ضابطاً، والضباط الخريجون هم:محمد بن عامر، صالح الصبيحي، المبروك بن طاهر، أحمد بن فايد، حسين الفرجاني، عبدالعزيز الشلحي، الطاهر بوقعيقيص، مفتاح الباح، محمد تومية، سعد الدين أبوشويرب، نورى زريقان، محمود بن ناجي، عبدالله سويسي، حسونه عاشور، عون رحومه شقيفة، صالح العزابي، عبدالسلام الشكشوكي، رمضان بن صلاح، والطاهر شنشن الذى توفي بعد تخرجه بقليل في حادث سيارة.وكانت هناك دفعات فردية إلى مصر: صلاح الهنشيري (طيران)، محمد بن ناجي (الذى تعرض لحادثه بحرية) وأنور سالم (بحرية)، والأخير رفض الإنضمام للبحرية وتحول للعمل كمدني.

20. رغم أن القوانين السارية في ذلك الوقت تمنع زواج العسكريين من الأجنبيات إلا أن العقيد حسين الفرجاني تزوج من سيدة أمريكية التى أسلمت ونطقت بالشهادة في مكتب مفتي ليبيا سنة 1963. العقيد عبدالعزيز الشلحي هو أيضاً تزوج من سيدة إنجليزية كانت أرملة شقيقه المرحوم البوصيرى.

21. في سنة 1952 أرسلت أول دفعة عسكرية إلي العراق وكانت تضم خمسة طلاب، تخرج منهم أربعة، وكانوا أول صنوف تتخرج من الجيش، ثلاثة مشاة وواحد مدفعية، وهم: محي الدين المسعودى (مدفعية)، على شلابي، جمعة أبوحلقة، مصطفي القريتلي (مشاة). أما زميلهم محمد القوج فقد توفى غرقاً في نهر دجلة قبل تخرجه. ثم بدأت تتوالى الدفعات للعراق. فأرسلت أربعة بعثات متلاحقة في سنوات 54، 55، 56 و1957. كانت مدة الدراسة ثلاث سنوات، باستثناء الدفعة 36، يعقبها تدريب بعد التخرج. ذكرنا اعلاه أسماء منتسبي الدفعة 33 (1954ـ1957) والتى كانت أكبر الدفعات التى أرسلت للخارج وفيما يلي أسماء منتسبي بقية الدفعات:

الدفعة 34 (1955 ـ1958)
عمر شنشن، مختار ندير، محمد على أحمد الضراط، مصطفى أبوزعكوك ويوسف فلفل.

الدفعة 35 (1956 ـ1959)
نصرالدين هامان، إبراهيم راشد، عبدالهادى البكوش، يوسف التومى الشيباني، عبدالحفيظ الميار، سالم الشريف، على العوكلي، إسماعيل الصديق، الطاهر الشاوش ومكى أبوزيد.

الدفعة 36 (1957 ـ1959)
كان منتسبي هذه الدفعة أغلبهم يحملون الشهادة الإعدادية وكان من المفترض أن يتخرجوا نواب ضباط ثم بعد ثلاث سنوات يتحصلوا على رتبة ضابط، إلا أنهم بعد تخرجهم منحوا رتبة ضابط مما سبب تذمراً داخل الجيش. كما أنهم لم يتدربوا على السلاح بصورة فعليه ولكن للدفاع عن النفس وعلى شئون التموين والتخزين والمالية والإمداد أي ملحقات الجيش وقد كانت أخر الدفعات للعراق والخريجون هم:
الصادق ناصوف، على بحرون، نورى العرادى، مصطفى نورى، مختار الدعوكي، محمد الجهمي، صالح عبدالحفيظ، عبدالحميد مدورد، جمعه العروش ومفتاح دخيل.

بالإضافة لدفعات مصر والعراق، وقبل افتتاح الكلية العسكرية الملكية ببنغازى سنة 1957، أرسلت مجموعة من الطلبة للتدريب في تركيا وهم: أبوبكر الزقلعي (مدفعية)، فتح الله عزالدين (دروع)، محمد هامان (هندسة طيران)، الطاهر الحسومي (طيران) ومنصور بدر (بحرية)

22. العقيد الركن صالح السنوسي خريج الدفعة 33 العراق سنة 1957. تحصل على درجة أركان حرب من بريطانيا. كان يتميز بالجدية واطلاعه المستمر. قبل إنقلاب سبتمبر كان يشغل منصب آمر كتيبة مشاة في درنة. بعد الإنقلاب سجن لعدة أيام، أبعد بعدها سفيراً إلى الكونغو، ثم سفيراً إلى الأردن ثم العراق. استدعى إلي ليبيا سنة 1981 ـ رغم نصيحة أصدقائه العراقيين له بعدم العودة لأن القذافي لن يغفر له فعلته ـ حيث سجن وبدون محاكمة لمدة سبع سنوات لأنه قام بحرق صور تسئ إلى رئيس دولة عربية وهو الرئيس الراحل أنور السادات في مدخنة السفارة الليبية ببغداد كان القذافي قد أرسلها مع أحد زبانيته. وقام العقيد صالح بطرد مبعوث القذافي وطلب منه العودة فوراً من حيث أتى ولم يسمح له بالبقاء ليلة واحدة في بغداد. بعد خروجه من السجن لجأ العقيد صالح إلى مصر حيث بقى فيها إلى أن وافته المنية في يوليو 1996.Free Officer’s, and a Return to the Past with the “House”

23. الطيار فتحي بن طاهر كان قد هرب بطائرةـ 33 يقودها زميله النقيب طيار مفتاح أحمد الشارف الفرجاني إلى مطار حاسي مسعود بالجزائر في أوائل يونيو 1967 بغرض المشاركة في الحرب ضدإسرائيل عام 1967، وقد قامت حكومة الرئيس هوارى بومدين بتسليمه مع زميله إلى السلطات الليبية بعد عشرة أيام من هروبهما! وقد حكمت عليهما محكمة عسكرية خاصة بالسجن لمدة خمس سنوات وإخراج من الجيش. في سنة 1970 أدين النقيب مفتاح الشارف بالضلوع في المحاولة الإنقلابية التى قادها المقدم آدم الحواز وسجن لمدة ثمانية عشر سنة.
24. كان صالح بويصير من أشد المتحمسين والمؤيدين لإنقلاب سبتمبر إلا أنه مع مرور الوقت بات على علم ببعض خفايا وأسرار الإنقلاب مما جعله يصرح لأحد أصدقائه زاره في بيته في فبراير 1973 أنه قرر الذهاب إلى القاهرة ـ حيث كان يشغل منصب عضو مجلس الأمة الإتحادى ـ ولن يعود إلى ليبيا لأنه خدع في القذافي. في يوم الأربعاء 21 فبراير 1973 اسقط الطيران الحربي الإسرائيلي فوق سيناء طائرة البوينج الليبية التى كان على متنها صالح بويصير الذي أخذ معه في الطائرة مبلغاً كبيراً من المال قدر بنحو نصف ثروته في ليبيا.

 ____________________________________

 

 

CITY of FIVE:

 

“And honorable Rafla against tails Mzrath”, reports:
Heretics despicable!

Killing of Dirt MISURATA Aahmoudh Al-Enairia of the so-called battalion Hittin,
after a traffic accident in the CITY of Five.

 

_________________________________________________

 

 

GREEN NAFUSA WESTERN MOUNTAINS:

Brigade operations Qaqaa lightning civil 2

Important Notice, regarding the meeting, which was called by the Municipal Council Bsberath was about the prisoners and abductees only ..

Othaor with the killers, not dialogue with the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood and their tails, the blood of our sons is not R_khasah and will Nguets you soon, my grandsons Leader … (and will teach those who unjustly attacked.) …

 

ZINTAN:

 

BIR-AYYAD

Without birds al-Obabil
News of the initiative in principle for the withdrawal of BROTHERHOOD gunmen from “Zintan well Ayyad well sheep”.

picture: Green supporting Zintan against Brotherhood

GHADAMES:

 

FOREIGN UNO IDIOTS meeting in Ghadames think they can decide Libya’s future:
Concerning the meeting of Ghadames is among the deputies boycotted the sessions and among the deputies who gathered in Tobruk under the auspices of the United Nations,
according to Twabut major first is the legitimacy of the House of Representatives and reconvene in Tobruk and the legitimacy of the government emanating from him, but for the conference ended there reminded him not to attend and does not mean anything at all ..

 

_________________________________________________

CYRENAICA:

BENGHAZI:

 

BOATNI:
Now heavy shelling Baatjah Boatni.

_________________________________________________

SOUTH LIBYA:

(FEZZAN):

SABHA:

Militias affiliated with the Sons of Solomon accuse each other of treason for some to liquidate the scene of some of the leaders of militias and other Al-Mpaysh. The result left him alone facing death to one of the Champions hungry Al-Qmazvh Palmnchet.

O Allah Akbar Allah Akbar Champions ..
Were destroyed armored BMB and the destruction of a number at least two cars and 14.5 trapping a car and killed 106 of them ..
By Champions al-Qmazfah honorable.

  

 Dogs Mzrath tykes brothers Al-Matbbat Bmaysmy force Al-Talth
And a bunch of stray dogs followers robbers jerky extort money Ghazaleh bombard me Mahdia mortars and locusts Donna Lee into account the people of the neighborhood.

RBI Eachd right and supports the Champions

MB MISURATA MILITIA in SOUTH:

Power outages for most parts of the city of Sabha after an injury as a result of the conversion circuits clashes taking place in the city

 

MANSHIYYA:

turn to the mercy of God, one of the sons and the city of Sabha Rafla Abdel-Qader Ali Qayedi Warfali ….
After a shell landed on his car in Manshiyya, Sabha and because of the clashes there between Kdadfh and Jardan sons Solomon Sracan jerky ….
Nansabh God of martyrs and
And that God said to him we shall return

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: