Mu’ammar al-Qathafi, 25 NOV. 2004:
FOR LOVE of the GREEN BANNER:
la vidéo de Zintan TV channel.
Stationed with ……
When the sons of Libya speaks stationed in battlefield yards … when they leave their children ….. when talking about Libya, know … that the nation is still okay … and I know that victory is near.
Astmau Mchae Muslim child to God
استمعو الي الطفل مسلم مشاء الله
And the land of thorns Rishvana:
Akatro of prayer on the Messenger of Allah today Ashora
O Allah, blessings and peace be upon the Prophet Muhammad by the best prayer of peace and purer.
LIBYA RAT NEWS:
U.K stops the training of LIBYAN TERRORISTS:
Britain cut training courses each ‘Brotherhood militias and gangs 17 February’ finally !
only because of their involvement in unethical attacks on Britons.
Islamist Wahabi Libyan militia based in Britain, are accused of committing series of sex attacks
Ministry of Defence admits there have been ‘disciplinary issues’ after five militiamen’ being trained at Bassingbourn Barracks in Cambridgeshire are accused of sex attacks.
CLARIFICATION: These are NOT soldiers for the legitimate LIBYAN ARMY...They were under the contract of GNC “rebel” authorities of Tripoli.
More than 300 members of the RAT armed forces have been based at Bassingbourn Barracks Photo: John Robertson/The Telegraph
By Agency9:31AM GMT 04 Nov 2014
Rat soldiers training in the UK have been sent home early following allegations of a series of sex attacks.
More than 300 members of the 17 February RAT armed forces have been based at Bassingbourn Barracks in Cambridgeshire since July as part of the UK’s pledge to support the FORMER Libyan GNC government.
The latest group had been due to return to their homeland at the end of the month but their stay has been cut short after five soldiers were accused of sex attacks.
The Ministry of Defence said: “The majority of recruits have responded positively to the training despite the ongoing political uncertainty in Libya but there have been disciplinary issues.
“Training was initially expected to last until the end of November but we have agreed with the new Libyan government that it is best for all involved to bring forward the training completion date.
“The recruits will be returning to Libya in the coming days.
A spokesman added that the MoD would review how best to train Libyan security forces, including whether further recruits should be trained in the UK.
Libyan cadets Ibrahim Naji El Maarfi, 20, and Mohammed Abdalsalam, 27, appeared at Cambridge Magistrates’ Court last week and admitted two counts of sexual assault. They are awaiting sentencing.
Khaled El Azibi, 18, has been charged with three counts of sexual assault linked to the same incident but has yet to enter a plea.
Last night, Moktar Ali Saad Mahmoud, 33, and Ibrahim Abogutila, 22, were charged with rape.
A Cambridgeshire Police spokesman said the charges relate to ‘assaults on a man in Cambridge‘ on Sunday.
They will appear before the city’s magistrates on Tuesday morning.
The decision came after South Cambridgeshire MP Andrew Lansley wrote to the MoD to raise concerns.
Mr Lansley said: “I was supportive of this as a good use of the base, and to contribute further to Libya’s development.
“So it is with regret that I must now say that it has not worked as we had hoped.
“It is clear that the stipulation that there was to be no unauthorised exit from the base has not been adhered to, and the consequences have been unacceptable.”
He added that he saw no alternative but to terminate the contract, repatriate trainees currently at the base and for now, no further groups to brought here from Libya.
al-Fberaria RAT ‘government militia’ (ILLEGAL 17-FEBRUARY) says to the people of languages: in return for aid they (THE RATS) gave NATO in 2011,
to recognize ‘mine’!
Muheisen Matyak girl lying:
Picture of the terrorist leader Omar Mukhtar Almdhuna of Ansar al Sharia, in the western region
after his escaping, from his capture by al- Jdharan.
Zintan room operations:
We are not against the demands of the Amazigh and their rights to Analmha ..
Libya is not al-Rajaban and Zintan, and unjust phantom power and alliances that are held on this basis will not be the way to claim the rights and identity ..
We knew about the Amazigh wisdom, but today we have seen nothing makes us think a hundred times before your support, you will not come to the Libyan people by persuasion and not Tguenauh and very many of the people of Libya do not know what is and is not al-Dstrh. What are the demands of the Amazigh final ? ..
You Are you offer your children to sacrifice for the rule of Janissaries to Libya from new and not sacrifice for your cause that we do not know them anything until now ..
And blood and murder will stand against your demands and we do not know what are essentially !!!!!
نحن لسنا ضد مطالب الأمازيغ و حقوقهم التي لانعلمها ..
ليبيا ليست الرجبان والزنتان و القوة الوهمية الظالمة والتحالفات التي تقام علي هذا الأساس لم ولن تكون وسيلة للمطالبة بالحقوق و الهوية..
كنا نعرف عن الأمازيغ الحكمة و لكن اليوم رأينا شئ يجعلنا نفكر مئة مرة قبل دعمكم فأنتم لم تأتوا للشعب الليبي بالإقناع و لم تقنعوه و الكثيرون جدا من شعب ليبيا لا يعرف ما هي الدسترة و لا ماهي مطالب الأمازيغ نهائيا..
أنتم الأن تقدمون أولادكم فداء لحكم الإنكشارية لليبيا من جديد و ليس فداء لقضيتكم التي لا نعلم عليها شئ إلي الأن..
و بالدم والقتل سنقف ضد مطالبكم و نحن لا نعلم ماهي أساسا !!!!!
Violent clashes near the Shell Ferjany and sounds Kdaúv random falling and archery SaaS average.
News from the aerial bombardment of the ‘Roma sites in Tripoli’ and anti-Shooting ground heavily now in Tripoli sky ..
Wayne and Wayne Ladd of the country and its men and Ladd capital Tripoli crying blood ..
غرفة عمليات الزنتان
وين ولاد البلاد وين ولاد العاصمة و رجالها .. طرابلس تبكي دما
As well and not something … Post and circulated.
City languages in a very tragic situation, no electricity, no water, no food.
Disco therefore not in need of all kinds of assistance.
SPRING VALLEY / YARMOUK CAMP
Filtered citizen “Faraj Akila glitter Altaorga” who was identified in the Yarmouk camp,
after being arrested by the Brotherhood militia shield in the city of Tripoli.
Shortly before the target gate for Roma Libya propelled Larbi G in Duraibi and now shooting in the region.
This morning the group of ‘BROTHERHOOD militant group Fajar Libya’.
They uprooted one gazelle historical landmarks of place # security or safety-
# Mamed Acham-makhi, official, raised Tripoli underlines the international, that the statue of the gazelle has been stolen and has been tampered with and eradicated from its roots at the hands of those who were targeting this fountain in the past, trying for the past three years!
and denies that ‘the Antiquities Authority’ removed for maintenance, as trying to some promotes; and carries a responsibility to those who claim they feel safe in Tripoli.
gazelle fountain as it was originally:
Then in August, the crazies shot holes into it:
Now today, it has been completely destroyed and removed:
Roma Libya and Tripoli Daash downloaded remove Tmtal gazelle Wali died years sat in his place
Joe and two Chenboh him and God knows Wayne is not sold it Xrōh
And Tripoli Mavahash footmen speak and say no
غجر ليبيا ودواعش طرابلس قامو بأزاله تمتال الغزاله والي قعد مأت السنين في مكانه
جو هما خنبوه ونحوه والله اعلم وين هو باعوه ولا كسروه
وطرابلس مافيهاش راجل يتكلم ويقول لا
Flight of warplanes in the capital Tripoli # sky, and the sound of a powerful explosion
near the headquarters of the Islamic Call Society.
“And the land of thorns Rishvana”, reports:
Mohammed Jibril Cheniti of corner
Matt burned when he set fire using a “Bedouin” 20 Gas Station in shop
Food adjacent to the mosque of Quba Madinat in Ain Zara follows previously Dkrt in My shop and due to Akram ..
Waits but does not neglect.
Sabratha Brotherhood militias, based on the angular, were arrested in the robbery at the corner (TRIPOLI).
Sabratha militias vow to crawl and capture all Sabratha.
Unity Bank exposure Moroccan branch of the intrusion attempt, theft and violence against its director.
Tripoli this morning:
Unity Bank branch Moroccans suffered an armed attack by one of the Saraya security Mitigua on the back of non-completion of the financial transaction.
Group leader Dell to the presence of a legal violation by the bank manager subjected to severe beatings Atina attack causing him bedridden. Haulo after the bank robbery, but the one case of the intervention of the security agencies.
Without completing the robbery and before they came out of the bank and steal the smashed Mntokh surveillance
Security cameras and devices !! ……
Each year, Tripoli is safe under the dew al-Melcaat bands !!
Al-Fateh University, which is subject to the control of the Muslim Brotherhood.
Currently, the management of the provision of free Wi-Fi network within the university campus and calls on students to register
their names in the lists and submit them to the department who are studying there until they are given a password
and Basord specific student alone, and so are monitored sites which will enter them, and pages they visit, and everything Saketbouna …
because they are afraid of the youth and student mobility must therefore be alert.
(and honest, please take caution).
To find the body of an unidentified person and showing signs of torture, in the highway near the Bridge of tuberculosis in Tripoli.
This summary of the Western Front for the day:
Room Libyan army operations in the Western Region
Calls on the Commission regulation and management of all military personnel need to join the Western Region Chamber of operations in accordance with the orders of the President of the General Staff of Execution national duty and protect the legitimacy of the state.
Especially the military and residents within the area where the lack of enrollment expose them to the charge of treason and will not not have a place in the founding of the army in the future and hold them responsible for warranted about it from legal proceedings against them.
Long live free Libya
(Management and Administration Commission)
تهيب هيئة التنظيم والادارة لجميع العسكريين ضرورة الالتحاق بغرفة عمليات المنطقة الغربية طبقا لاوامر السيد رئيس الاركان العامة لتنفيد الواجب الوطني وحماية شرعية الدولة.
وبالاخص العسكريين المقيمين في نطاق المنطقة حيث ان عدم الالتحاق يعرضهم للاتهام بالخيانة العظمى وسوف لن يكن لهم مكان في تاسيس الجيش مستقبلا ونحملهم مسؤولية مايترتب عن ذلك من اجراءات قانونية ضدهم.
عاشت ليبيا حرة
(هيئة التنظيم والادارة)
The heroes offer every day convoys of martyrs of the Libyan army and the strength of support from the free Western Mountain and brothers from different cities and semiconductor men and cowards fleeing to Egypt, Tunisia and sheltering behind their wives in their homes until it reaches them ‘Daash Libya’ and ‘Fajar Libya’ to cut off their heads …
I am surprised at this time where Libyan fighting to enable ‘Daash Libya’ and Jujha of this nation against their brothers in Islam and the homeland …
Matthew Tfikoa ye ignorant that what is happening is a conspiracy major fragmentation and occupation of Libya and loot its wealth and the displacement of people for how long silence,
O fearful cities trembling ! Where are your men or you you were taken to the semiconductor men? .
History records the heroes and traitors cast and hands trembling in the dustbin of history and lived a free Libya.
إن الابطال يقدًمون كل يوم قوافل من الشهداء من الجيش الليبي والقوة المساندة من أحرار الجبل الغربي وأخوتهم من مختلف المدن وأشباه الرجال والجبناء يهربون إلي مصر وتونس ويحتمون وراء نسائهم في منازلهم حتي يصل إليهم داعش ليبيا وفجار ليبيا ليقطعوا رؤوسهم … عجبي علي هذا الزمن حيث يقاتل الليبي لتمكين داعش ليبيا وخوارجها من هذا الوطن ضد أخوتهم في الاسلام والوطن … متي تفيقوا أيها الجهلاء إن ما يحدث هو مؤامرة كبري لتفتيت واحتلال ليبيا ونهب ثرواتها وتشريد شعبها إلي متي الصمت أيتها المدن الخائفة المرتعشة أين رجالكم أم أنكم تحولتم إلي أشباه الرجال .. إن التاريخ يسجل الابطال ويلقي بالخونة والايدي المرتعشة في مزبلة التاريــــــــــــــــــــــــخ وعاشت ليبيا حرة .
CITY of FIVE:
“Voice of Resistance”, reports:
STOLEN ROMAN MOSAIC FOUND in CITY OF FIVE
Four Seasons mosaic Saraya Tripoli Museum‘s most expensive and the most beautiful painting of
Roman mosaics in the world and then found in the villa Celine in “Five”.
GREEN NAFUSA WESTERN MOUNTAINS:
la vidéo de ‘Libya speaks’.
Medical equipment, which found the college turned out to belong to dialysis and assured me a specialist dialysis center in al-Zintan that the equipment was supposed to be distributed to Zahra Center and Zintan dialysis,
but Fajar Libya confiscated when transported from mil en route to hospitals.
What is the guilt of the washing Clah that confiscates the right to life?
Profile of a BIG RAT, by “Voice of Resistance”:
Stray from the Jewish Adwal Bernard Levy and servants Mozah:
– Lonely Brchan Ahlgreana– holds US citizenship–
al-Pracnh staying in Gharyan Ngsat in an unidentified area Oouselohm. He is of sole Jewish origin by his mother.
– Ahigreana was the Supervisor of the arrival of Bernard-Henri Levy into Tunisia to meet with leaders of Abaharhabiyh.
– Ahigreana is a former member of the Libyan Transitional Council for the city of Gharyan –
– Ahigreana is a Broker for arms dealers in Favour of ‘Dawn Libya’ !! – and Ansar al-Sharia -omlichiyat in TUBER –
Ahigreana is the General Manager of the new Libyan national company, which was founded in 2012 with a capital of 78.51€ million.
Brchan Ahlgreana, big RAT in GHARYAN.
ضال من ضوال اليهودى برنارد ليفى ومن غلمان موزة
– وحيد برشان الغرياني- يحمل الجنسية الامريكية-البراشنه يقيمون فى غريان منطقة تغسات ومجهولين أوصلوهم ووحيد والدته يهودية الاصل .
– المشرف علي قدوم برنار هنري ليفي الي تونس ولقاء القيادات ليبيةإرهابية .
– عضو سابق بالمجلس الانتقالي الليبي عن مدينة غريان –
– وسيط في صفقات الأسلحة لصالح- فجر ليبيا – وانصار الشريعه -ومليشيات درنة
– مدير عام الشركة الليبية القطرية الجديدة التي تاسست سنة 2012 برأسمال قيمته 100 مليون دولار
la vidéo de brigade and military Rishvana.
# On the outskirts of al-Azizia:
Libyan army and the armed forces Adhron Roma Libya militias and terrorist Aqaibdounam
losses in the mechanisms and spirits.
# Allahu Akbar
Sons, Sheikh Abdul Salam al-Asmar:
Rat reports that ‘Abdel Hafiz Hamid Amslm Monuments’ today in Azizia, near the quarries,
and is now in MISURATA for treatment. Aaratha got your age Aavasd science Hedda Pimp No. 1 Misurata
Duraibi Asthmav gate to ‘Roma Libya’. And strong voices Shooting.
Surman City /al-Rajaban Mujahid grandsons hero Vkina greeting to the city al-Rajaban.
صورمن مدينة الرجبان المجاهدة احفاد البطل فكيني تحية الي مدينة الرجبان.
“Voice of Resistance”, shows us the destruction of the Huda mosque in Beacon and Rishvana
for the memorization of the Holy Quran.
What did this ungodly ?
KKLH (KIKLA / al-KWASSA):
There is no power but from God accuse the army Basthmav ambulance cars in Gaza Kikla image al-Sqoha Army.
la vidéo de قناة الزنتان الفضائية.
a vidéo de Zintan TV channel.
Zintan TV channel report – Kikla (KKLH) today:
la vidéo de ‘convulsed Libya’.
Moment storming Kikla area by the Libyan army under God’s protection from all evil for the Liberation
of the hands of ‘militias Kikla’ bombing of Libya.
“Sons, Sheikh Abdul Salam al-Asmar”, makes a Plea:
Information received by us from the inside Misurata militias dark prisons, which prove the existence of a new systematic campaign of torture and inhuman and continuing for about ten days for all detainees, where concerts are transferred to torture categorically categorically without mercy or humanity.
And this campaign is a group of criminals belonging to a criminal Salah Badi and operations ‘dawn Libya’ militias and the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood. The new ones and the goal is to break the steadfastness of the detainees’ families at home, and in the land of the Diaspora, and create a state of psychological and moral collapse among the general of the Libyan people.
We call everyone to shoulder its responsibilities towards the thousands detained in Libyan prisons, fascism al-Fberaaria Misurata, and we hope to communicate with all international and regional human rights and humanitarian organizations to visit detainees and to consider the legal and humanitarian their situation ,,
We also hope the media platforms of the various open Libyans detained men and women who are al-Azval Bmatqlat dark in the city of Misurata, and controlled by militias stripped of humanity file.
أولاد الشيخ عبدالسلام الاسمر
معلومات وردت إلينا من داخل سجون ميليشيات مصراتة المظلمة والتي تثبت وجود حملة تعذيب جديدة ممنهجة وغير إنسانية ومستمرة لحوالي عشرة أيام للمعتقلين جميعاً، حيث يتم نقل حفلات التعذيب من قاطع إلى قاطع دون رحمة أو إنسانية.
ويقوم بهذه الحملة مجموعة من المجرمين التابعين للمجرم صلاح بادي وعمليات فجر ليبيا وميليشيات الإخوان المسلمين. والهدف الجديد منها هو كسر صمود أهالي المعتقلين في الداخل، وفي أرض المهجر، وخلق حالة من الانهيار النفسي والمعنوي لدى عموم الشعب الليبي.
نطالب الجميع بتحمل مسؤولياته تجاه الالاف المعتقلين الليبين في معتقلات الفاشية الفبرايرية بمصراتة ونأمل التواصل مع جميع المنظمات الحقوقية والانسانية الدولية والاقليمية لزيارة المعتقلين والنظر في اوضاعهم القانونية والانسانية,,
كما نتمنى من المنابر الاعلامية على اختلافها بفتح ملف المعتقلين الليبيين من الرجال والاظفال والنساء الموجودين بمعتقلات الظلام في مدينة مصراتة والتي تسيطر عليها ميليشيات تجردت من الانسانية
SAM bin HUMAID is still LIVING:
Picture of the terrorist Wissam bin Humaid in Misurata, which infected….
( What about Salem Derby ?)
Numbers of families to organize a group called “Ansar al-Sharia” who left Benghazi reside
in conferences compound in Sirte heavily guarded by militias in the city.
“VOICE RESISTANCE” writes:
Sheikh Bernard-Henry Levy arrived last night to al-Karzabih Jihad Sirte airport.
(out of Tunis, and into the RAT hole he made of SIRTE with his WAHABI MISURATA con-patriots.)
I think also, it means that there are other strife and division at home looming sky,
and his rival in the midst of Metzaidun Azlem asleep.
“Black Libyan resistance”, comments
After Shani O rat after the destruction of Malta ..
Mahmoud Jibril, with Levy al-Khaan to Arabic:
Libya and Libyans Ciechton lost money because a large share between gangs Bidinsour controls in the financial,
I ask the UN put her hand on the money belonging to Libya-
(“Knight and Men”)
Found the body of al-Hakim, head of the Association of Charity key Bo reliefs Slain in CASABLANCA:
Ras Lanauf dawn today:
The bombing of the home company director Ras Lanauf to manufacture oil and gas,
“Massoud typhoid Arifi” only material damage.
Voice of Resistance. reports:
Bodies found in the built and we published yesterday: –
Drs kidnapped from Hawari Hospital found dead in Benina.
They were taken to the hospital in ‘Prairie City’.
1-Dr Ahmed Gazoa Dr. rays
2-pathogen Ashour al-Obeidi dialysis technician
3-nurse Mohammed Hamid Alakora dialysis technician
4-pathogen Boubacar key Faitouri nurse in one of the medical department at the hospital
al-HAWARI / BUHEDAMA:
Today has been to identify the bodies were found yesterday morning in the area next to the El Hawary Security Directorate,
where they were exterminating the WAHABI terrorists in the Buhedama area: –
1. Faraj Mirghani
2. Osama Farag Mirghani
3. Abadi al-Rubaie
Benghazi Medical Center announced on receiving the bodies of 13 dead by armed clashes in the city of Benghazi on the axis of the port of Benghazi and the naval base and the northern axis, including four unidentified.
The dead are:
(1) Moataz Mohamed
(2) Mustafa Ahmed Saad
(3) Ali Futaisi
(4) Osama Futaisi
(5) Faraj al-Rubaie
(6) Salah Mohammed Alaiqi
(7) Khaled Atef Saad
(8) Akram Ali Saad
(9) Osoadh favor Maq
OMAR bin al-AAS:
Clashes light and medium weapons in Hamad Palace Street and Omar bin al-Aas area in the country.
A car bomb explosion in al-Vatak neighborhood near the skill shop.
SOUTH al-HANIOH HROAH:
Airforce warplanes targeted yesterday, a convoy composed of 16 cars in the South al-Hanioh Hroah area.
9 provided the rest of the car and was shoved column vector city of Benghazi.
Qzifa haon fall on a house belonging to ((Khalifa al-Obeidi))
Garden area near the tunnel and just physical damage, Praise God
Arrested, “Fawzi al-Rubaie,” one of the defendants beheadings crimes on the surface of the Alexandrian architecture,
accompanied by an Egyptian sniper by young twenty street in Benghazi.
Vertical flight bombing sites and the area around the university B. al-Hawari.
Close «07 October HOSPITAL » .. and «Benghazi Medical» yelling doctors
A medical source confirmed the ‘hospital 07 October’ the city of Benghazi hospital closes amid fully expanded after the armed clashes, which erupted on Monday to extend the area surrounding the hospital.
According to the source to refer the most pathological cases were receiving treatment at the hospital to the Benghazi Medical Center, after the situation has become dangerous because of violent armed clashes.
The face of the official source of Benghazi Medical Center on Monday appealed for specialists doctors urgently need to join the center to help the medical staff in the face of the growing burden and to provide first aid and emergency treatment for people who arrive successively.
7 rockets fall on 06 October Hospital and attempts to evacuation team Red Crescent access to the hospital.
Benghazi in February and the glories of this day, the image of the hospital called “07 October”.
Ansar al-Sharia by blocking the river to Benghazi
“Voice of Resistance”, reporting:
The Special Forces Thunderbolt, arrest the terrorist Tariq Tabola in Boatni.
Note that he was previously imprisoned
in the Thunderbolt prison but fled when DAASH entered into their camp.
Image tank shelling Bouachrine architecture for armed MB militias spin clashes near the hotel and confectioner Bouachrine Noran.
Hotel under construction in Benghazi was bombed and destroyed as a result of the ongoing clashes
al-Sabri (near the petrol station) and violent clashes in the street and the area around al-Sharif Chribich:
The closed area Sabri Republic Hospital in Benghazi yesterday on the back of the armed clashes, which resulted in the exposure of several shells inflicted moderate damage to several hospital departments.
A shell landed inside the Libyan hospital
The fire in the administration building and the Department of Obstetrics
where WAHABI were objecting to the treatment of Women by doctors.
Random shells falling on apartments and houses in the population
New Battle against Ansar al-Sharia supporters on the outskirts of Benghazi:
17 February calamity and destruction
Injury Libyan naval vessel during the battles in Benghazi:
SOUSSE, TOBRUK, TOKRH / PRECISE, DERNA & THE TUBER:
URGENT: closure of a main street in Tobruk on suspicion of car bomb.
In the case of the kidnapping of Sabha affect two sons Akaddadfah (Al-Qmazvh) tribe and they are:
Preliminary information and have families to take responsibility for their children kidnapped
by an armed group of sons of Sulieman, trademark ‘Slimani’.
Sons Akaddadfah (Al-Qmazvh) where they respond to this process and the kidnapping of one of the sons of a trademark:
Abdul-Salam al-Sanusi Alam.
Egyptian authorities closed the Salloum land in front of al-Msavrien Libyans.
“Operation Libya” and the Battle for Oil: Redrawing the Map
Global Research 09 March 2011
The following article was published two years ago on March 9, 2011, at the outset of the US-NATO intervention in Libya. Libya’s oil reserves are twice those of the United States.
In retrospect. the 2011 US-NATO led war on Libya was a multi-trillion dollar trophy for the United States. It was also, as outlined in the article a means to establishing US hegemony in North Africa, a region historically dominated by France and to lesser extent by Italy and Spain.
The US-NATO intervention was also intent upon excluding China from the region and edging out China’s National Petroleum Corp (CNPC), which was a major player in Libya.
Libya is the gateway to the Sahel and Central Africa. More generally, what is at stake is the redrawing of the map of Africa at the expense of France’s historical spheres of influence, namely a process of neo-colonial redivision.
The geopolitical and economic implications of a US-NATO led military intervention directed against Libya are far-reaching. Libya is among the World’s largest oil economies with approximately 3.5 % of global oil reserves, more than twice those of the US.
“Operation Libya” is part of the broader military agenda in the Middle East and Central Asia which consists in gaining control and corporate ownership over more than 60 % of the world’s reserves of oil and natural gas, including oil and gas pipeline routes.
“Muslim countries including Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Yemen, Libya, Egypt, Nigeria, Algeria, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, possess between 66.2 and 75.9 % of total oil reserves, depending on the source and methodology of the estimate.” (See Michel Chossudovsky, The “Demonization” of Muslims and the Battle for Oil, Global Research, January 4, 2007).
With 46.5 bn barrels of proven reserves, (10 times those of Egypt), Libya is the largest oil economy in the African continent followed by Nigeria and Algeria (Oil and Gas Journal). In contrast, US proven oil reserves are of the order of 20.6 bn barrels (December 2008) according to the Energy Information Administration –US crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids reserves.
The most recent estimates place Libya’s oil reserves at 60 bn barrels. Its gas reserves at 1,500 bn cm. Its production has been between 1.3 and 1.7 mm bpd, well below its productive capacity. Its longer term objective is 3 mm bpd and a gas production of 2,600 mm cfpd, according to figures of the National Oil Corporation (NOC).
The (alternative) BP Statistical Energy Survey (2008) places Libya’s proven oil reserves at 41.464 bn barrels at the end of 2007 which represents 3.34 % of the world’s proven reserves. (Mbendi Oil and Gas in Libya – Overview).
Oil is the “trophy” of US-NATO led wars
An invasion of Libya under a humanitarian mandate would serve the same corporate interests as the 2003 invasion and occupation of Iraq. The underlying objective is to take possession of Libya’s oil reserves, destabilize the National Oil Corporation (NOC) and eventually privatize the country’s oil industry, namely transfer the control and ownership of Libya’s oil wealth into foreign hands.
The National Oil Corporation (NOC) is ranked 25 among the world’s Top 100 Oil Companies. (The Energy Intelligence ranks NOC 25 among the world’s Top 100 companies. – Libyaonline.com). The planned invasion of Libya, which is already underway is part of the broader “Battle for Oil”. Close to 80 % of Libya’s oil reserves are located in the Sirte Gulf basin of Eastern Libya (see map below).
“War is good for business”
Wall Street, the Anglo-American oil giants, the US-EU weapons producers would be the unspoken beneficiaries of a US-NATO led military campaign directed against Libya. Libyan oil is a bonanza for the Anglo-American oil giants. While the market value of crude oil is currently well in excess of 79.91€ a barrel, the cost of Libyan oil is extremely low, as low as 0.8€ a barrel (according to one estimate).
As one oil market expert commented somewhat cryptically: “At 87.9€ on the world market, the simple math gives Libya a 87.1€ profit margin.” (Libya Oil, Libya Oil One Country’s 87.1€ Profit on 87.9€ Oil, EnergyandCapital.com March 12, 2008)
Foreign oil interests in Libya
Foreign oil companies operating prior to the insurrection in Libya include France’s Total, Italy’s ENI, the China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC), British Petroleum, the Spanish oil consortium Repsol, ExxonMobil, Chevron, Occidental Petroleum, Hess and ConocoPhillips.
Of significance, China plays a central role in the Libyan oil industry. CNPC had a workforce of some 400 employees. The total Chinese workforce in Libya was of the order of 30,000.
Eleven % of Libyan oil exports are channelled to China. While there are no figures on the size and importance of CNPC’s production and exploration activities, there are indications that they are sizeable.
More generally, China’s presence in North Africa is considered by Washington to constitute an intrusion. From a geopolitical standpoint, China is an encroachment. The military campaign directed against Libya is intent upon excluding China from North Africa.
Also of importance is the role of Italy. ENI, the Italian oil consortium, puts out 244,000 barrels of gas and oil, which represents almost 25 % of Libya’s total exports. (Sky News: Foreign oil firms halt Libyan operations, February 23, 2011).
Among US companies in Libya, Chevron and Occidental Petroleum (Oxy) decided in October 2010 not to renew their oil and gas exploration licenses in Libya. (Why are Chevron and Oxy leaving Libya?: Voice of Russia, October 6, 2010). In contrast, in November 2010, Germany’s oil company, RWE Dea signed a far-reaching agreement with Libya’s National Oil Corporation (NOC) involving exploration and production sharing. AfricaNews – Libya: German oil firm signs prospecting deal.
The financial stakes as well as “the spoils of war” are extremely high. The military operation is intent upon dismantling Libya’s financial institutions as well as confiscating billions of dollars of Libyan financial assets deposited in Western banks.
It should be emphasised that Libya’s military capabilities, including its air defence system are weak.
Libyan oil concessions
Redrawing the map of Africa
Libya has the largest oil reserves in Africa. The objective of US-NATO interference is strategic: it consists in outright theft, in stealing the nation’s oil wealth under the disguise of a humanitarian intervention. This military operation is intent upon establishing US hegemony in North Africa, a region historically dominated by France and to lesser extent by Italy and Spain.
With regard to Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria, Washington’s design is to weaken the political links of these countries to France and push for the installation of new political regimes which have a close rapport with the US. This weakening of France is part of a US imperial design. It is a historical process which goes back to the wars in Indochina.
US-NATO intervention leading to the eventual formation of a US puppet regime is also intent upon excluding China from the region and edging out CNPC. The Anglo-American oil giants including British Petroleum which signed an exploration contract in 2007 with the Gaddafi government are among the potential “beneficiaries” of the proposed US-NATO military operation.
More generally, what is at stake is the redrawing of the map of Africa, a process of neo-colonial redivision, the scrapping of the demarcations of the 1884 Berlin Conference, the conquest of Africa by the United States in alliance with Britain, in a US-NATO led operation.
Libya: Strategic Saharan gateway to Central Africa
Libya has borders with several countries which are within France’s sphere of influence, including Algeria, Tunisia, Niger and Chad. Chad is potentially an oil rich economy. Exxon/Mobil and Chevron have interests in Southern Chad including a pipeline project. Southern Chad is a gateway into the Darfur region of Sudan, which is also strategic in view of its oil wealth.
China has oil interests in both Chad and Sudan. CNPC signed a far-reaching agreement with the Chad government in 2007.
Niger is strategic to the United States in view of its extensive reserves of uranium. At present, France dominates the uranium industry in Niger through the French nuclear conglomerate Areva, formerly known as Cogema. China also has a stake in Niger’s uranium industry.
More generally, the Southern border of Libya is strategic for the United States in its quest to extend its sphere of influence in Francophone Africa, a vast territory extending from North Africa to Central and Western Africa. Historically this region was part of France and Belgium’s colonial empires, the borders of which were established at the Berlin Conference of 1884.
The US played a passive role at the 1884 Berlin Conference. This new 21st Century redivision of the African continent, predicated on the control over oil, natural gas and strategic minerals (cobalt, uranium, chromium, manganese, platinum and uranium) largely supports dominant Anglo-American corporate interests.
US interference in North Africa redefines the geopolitics of an entire region. It undermines China and overshadows the influence of the European Union. This new redivision of Africa not only weakens the role of the former colonial powers (including France and Italy) in North Africa. It is also part of a broader process of displacing and weakening France (and Belgium) over a large part of the African continent.
(The 2nd Map: Greenstream pipeline linking Libya to Italy)
US puppet regimes have been installed in several African countries which historically were in the sphere of influence of France (and Belgium), including The Republic of the Congo and Rwanda. Several countries in West Africa (including Côte d’Ivoire) are slated to become US proxy states.
The European Union is heavily dependent on the flow of Libyan oil and 85 % of its oil is sold to European countries. In the case of a war with Libya, the supply of petroleum to Western Europe could be further disrupted, largely affecting Italy, France and Germany. Thirty % of Italy’s oil and 10 % of its gas are imported from Libya. Libyan gas is fed through the Greenstream pipeline in the Mediterranean.
The implications of these potential disruptions are far-reaching.
They also have a direct bearing on the relationship between the US and the European Union.
The mainstream media through massive disinformation is complicit in justifying a military agenda which, if carried out, would have devastating consequences not only for the Libyan people: the social and economic impacts would be felt Worldwide.
There are at present three distinct war theatres in the broader Middle East Central Asian region: Palestine, Afghanistan, Iraq. In the case of an attack on Libya, a fourth war theatre would be opened up in North Africa, with the risk of military escalation.
Public opinion must take cognizance of the hidden agenda behind this alleged humanitarian undertaking, heralded by the heads of state and heads of government of NATO countries as a “Just War”. The Just War theory in both its classical and contemporary versions upholds war as a “humanitarian operation”. It calls for military intervention on ethical and moral grounds against “rogue states” and “Islamic terrorists”.
The Just war theory demonizes the Gaddafi regime while providing a humanitarian mandate to US-NATO military intervention.
The heads of state and heads of government of NATO countries are the architects of war and destruction in Iraq and Afghanistan. In an utterly twisted logic, they are heralded as the voices of reason, as the representatives of the “international community”.
Realities are turned upside down. A humanitarian intervention is launched by war criminals in high office, who are the unchallenged guardians of the Just War theory. Abu Ghraib, Guantanamo, Civilian casualties in Pakistan resulting from US drone attacks on towns and villages ordered by president Obama, are not front page news, nor are the 2 mm civilian deaths in Iraq.
There is no such thing as a “Just War”. The history of US imperialism should be understood. The 2000 Report of the Project of the New American Century entitled “Rebuilding Americas’ Defenses” calls for the implementation of a long war, a war of conquest. One of the main components of this military agenda is: to“Fight and decisively win in multiple, simultaneous theater wars”.
“Operation Libya” is part of that process. It is another theatre in the Pentagon’s logic of “simultaneous theatre wars”.
The PNAC document faithfully reflects the evolution of US military doctrine since 2001. The US plans to be involved simultaneously in several war theatres in different regions of the World.
While heralding the need to protect America (i.e. “National Security”), the PNAC report does spell out why these multiple theatre wars are required. What purpose do they serve? Are they an instrument of peace? The usual humanitarian justification is not even mentioned.
What is the purpose of America’s military roadmap?
Libya is targeted because it is one among several remaining countries outside America’s sphere of influence, which fail to conform to US demands. Libya is a country which has been selected as part of a military “road map” which consists of “multiple simultaneous theatre wars”.
“Operation Libya” is part of that process. It is another theater in the Pentagon’s logic of “simultaneous theater wars”.
The PNAC document faithfully reflects the evolution of US military doctrine since 2001. The US plans to be involved simultaneously in several war theaters in different regions of the World.
While heralding the need to protect America (i.e. ”National Security”), the PNAC report does spell out why these multiple theater wars are required. What purpose do they serve. Are they an instrument of peace? The usual humanitarian justification is not even mentioned.
What is the purpose of America’s military roadmap?
Libya is targeted because it is one among several remaining countries outside America’s sphere of influence, which fail to conform to US demands. Libya is a country which has been selected as part of a military “road map” which consists of “multiple simultaneous theater wars”. In the words of former NATO Commander Chief General Wesley Clark:
”in the Pentagon in November 2001, one of the senior military staff officers had time for a chat. Yes, we were still on track for going against Iraq, he said. But there was more. This was being discussed as part of a five-year campaign plan, he said, and there were a total of seven countries, beginning with Iraq, then Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Iran, Somalia and Sudan…. (Wesley Clark, Winning Modern Wars, p. 130).
In the words of former NATO Commander Chief General Wesley Clark: “In the Pentagon in November 2001, one of the senior military staff officers had time for a chat. Yes, we were still on track for going against Iraq, he said. But there was more. This was being discussed as part of a five-year campaign plan, he said, and there were a total of seven countries, beginning with Iraq, then Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Iran, Somalia and Sudan…. (Wesley Clark, Winning Modern Wars, p. 130).