It was to change the date displayed ring with the fighter ‘Abdul Majid Osman’
20:00 pm this day, the Mass channel (JAMAHIRIYA CHANNEL)
Mu’ammar al Qathafi by Rider: Mohamed Fethi Amara
Unity under the One Green Flag of Allah
Leader Muammar al-Qathafi is the main reason that culture planted in the minds of generations for decades through a unitary speech warned of the risk of fragmentation and division of the Arab nation, which worked hard to unity and the unity of the African continent. And maintaining the social fabric and strengthen it and work wise policies paid about fusion and full integration for decades melted all vestiges of the past and dealt with most of the old conflicts and bigotry regional and tribal sensitivities. Which has had a deep impact in the hearts of everyone in spite of the media campaign in 2011 to confuse the minds of our neighborhood
but soon everyone Matdrack risk of separation so the cultural balance in decades. And even if it is recognized by some publicly, but the fact reflect the words and deeds of a lot.
Each of the Libyan flag or otherwise assembled by the culture of Muammar al-Qathafi outs of the division. Common enemy which does not face the possibility of only one row and this also calculated leader Muammar al-Qathafi, who warned of the dangers for decades, methods and objectives. And making security and institutions able to face a military force is no solution in Libya, but re-entry of those components to the leadership of the military and security work ..
[“Knight and Men”]
Medicines Control Committee: one hundred thousand tons of expired drugs are still stored in hospitals. Medicines are scarce; but these Meds should only be used when there is no other available—better than nothing!
Proves Mu’ammar‘s words were right !
COMING TO LIBYA, C/O the USA !
USA plans the release of the ‘Saudi Abdul Rahman al-Shalabi’, alias ‘the beast’, the guard of bin Laden,
after 13 years in “Guantanamo”.
The USA plans (upon his release and indoctrination), to send him Btzmawa to Libya !!!!
It demands an immediate response from the General Staff to this information ??
Moved // al-Cavala
Abin al-Waten Abin al-Waten:
Today at al-Thelnah, this afternoon passed a convoy of the militia ‘Dawn Libya’ meaning Zahra bridge on the road to Gharyan. I told you this, as our Army crawls toward Tripoli.
Speech Today at two o’clock this afternoon.
Very powerful explosion shakes the capital Tripoli.
Soon in the Green Square.
Ndaaaaaaaaae Aaaaaaaaaajl now
Libyan army troops Bank Steering require all of its members
‘Rishvana Brigade’ and support forces of tribal people to lift the state Ready.
Strabismus Nicolkm Aaarb Tripoli air Baschen me and Ogarib Ogarib hours
Or days Alhmar preparations to enter the capital
Strabismus need we say the Lord of the Great Throne Nsdmt today was at a meeting …
At exactly 7 hours Morocco in one of areas honorable one Khc
Lord of the Throne you expect impossible brief Tahlob growth this person.
Great Jrzn Congratulations weapons and existing Atreus and Lord victory And consistency.
Really ‘funny’ BUT GOOD !!!
All of the ‘Dawn Libya’ threads incite Mtabaaha to go out tomorrow to draft Mdahirat against Bernardino Léon-Gross’ proposition to be ‘implemented’ !!
Hahhahahaha Asiam fils and red tomorrow Matlqoh end Amaakm.
(“The quake compassionate”)
The LIBERATION of TRIPOLI, will happen before this EVER occurs !
It was agreed and coordination between Bernardino Léon-Gross and the leaders of Misurata, and Gharyan, their return of access to Tripoli and mastery of them and ‘the return of the rule of militias’, as in the past, and access will be on 15-20 Ramadan under military name Ahdroa Aahlna in Tripoli.
Hedda biggest proof they last hum of the people and the return of the safety of the homeland and the return of looting, theft and capturing Ali property and state institutions.
[“Knight and Men”]
The ‘Mass media’ Press sources confirm the resignation of ‘Abdullah bending al-Thani’, as soon as the ‘adoption’ of what is called the ‘Government of National Reconciliation Government’.
HAH!—Will it ever be ‘adopted’ ? Then the Brotherhood will reinstall their men again..as what happened 4 years ago ! (thus backwards as Léon desires, not forwards) !
THE RATS WHO WILL ‘SUPPOSEDLY’ HEAD the new ‘GOVERNMENT !:
List what is called ‘government of national reconciliation’:
Tahir al-Aghima head of government:
– In favor of al-Mkhozom, First Deputy Prime Minister.
– Fathi al-Mjypri, second deputy prime minister.
– Fathi Ali Pasha Agha, defense minister.
– Daou Abdullah Abu Dhaouih, foreign minister.
– Mustafa Abu Hakor. minister for international cooperation.
– Ghaith Abdul Majid Seif al-Nasr, interior minister.
– Abdul Hafeez Gogha, Minister of Justice.
– Ahmed Mietech (who tried being PM before, nephew of Abdul-Rahman Sowahailli), as the finance minister.
– Shares Salem, Minister of Health.
– Awad Faraj Barasi, Minister of Electricity.
– Hassan Ahmed Abul Hadi, economy minister.
– Suleiman on the coastal, as Minister of Education.
– Mohammed Abdul-Malik al-Faqih, Minister of Industry.
– Issa Ali Touijer, as the Minister of planning.
– Mohammad Hashemi, thermal minister for local government.
– Mustafa Abdullah, ‘God made’ chairman of the oil and gas !
– Mohammed Abdul Aziz M’Hamed, chief of Information and Culture.
– Abdul Salam Abdullah Guelleh, chairman of the Youth and Sports.
– Mohammed Attia al-Obeidi, head of the body work and ‘rehabilitation’ (RAHBILITATE TO WESTERN IDEALOGIES ?).
– Ibrahim Yusuf bin Ghashir, head of the ‘deity reconciliation’ (meaning acceptance of WAHHABI doctrine—or else!).
– Hafiz Mohammed Zeidane, chairman of the Housing and Utilities.
– Urban rare Sanusi, chief of Islamic Affairs !!
– Mubarak Aqeeli victory, Chairperson of the Commission of ‘Social Affairs and displaced’.
– Mohammed Salem Joha, Minister Plenipotentiary to ‘fight terrorism’.
– Ammar Mohammed Zayed, Minister Plenipotentiary anti-immigration affairs.
LIBYAN ‘MUSLIM’ BROTHERHOOD:
Advocates of liberalism and the state of religion and naked slander law for Ancestors and Erbtonhm terrorism because they Vdho (secular and Sufi and external and ‘Brotherhood’ and others) substantiated !
Kmalk you will not be returned and Snharbakm as advocates are fighting the followers of other misguidance ‘Brotherhood’ and is backed by fighter or discourage them.
Room Zintan operations:
Gervh al-Amilit you receive pictures of martyrs Nansabhm Allah who perished in the epic ‘Mtar trabuls’ and regrouped in preparation for the piece to commemorate addressing militias ‘Dawn Libya’ and open their own space up their struggle on the page.
Mafi fairly heard ‘Brigade 8’ and ask Mamanmth military end
‘Room Zintan operations’:
Battalions that were stationed on the outskirts of Tripoli are battalion Sons of Tajoura and Fashlum, and also officers from different tribes, not battalions of Zintan. But this also promotes some al-Mrgevin deals between Zintan and Misurata, ‘to receive the sites for the peace’. One should definitely on the alert to the road in front of the ‘hunt Aker’.
al-Mqml ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood Anwar Din al-Kilani was arrested at portal Bin Shoaib today.
Now the corner …
Voices strong sequential Onfharat.
Criminal drug dealer and rat, al-Hanih Ibrahim Ahmed al-Shaibani, is killed in the CORNER..
Fire tire factory area Tajourah.
Saw the launch in Tajourah
Nebo end Aikberna situation p.
A convoy of militia Tajourah, out by way of the coast:
their destination is Tajourah known to be.
Fire in the center of the capital Tripoli in an armed clash between the number of young people, through the coast, leading to the injury of Boaar with two bullets.
Columns of the militias of the ‘Roma Libya’ armed cars heading from Tripoli from college girls to the highway and from there to Cimafro at Janzour; and columns at the city sports affiliated to the militias ‘Roma Libya’ is moving rapidly to there, and there are convoys with three cars Grad.
Now it has been defeated militias Janzur from Bridge 17 to Janzoour after Violent clashes with the noble tribes forces now.
‘Roma Libya’ militias launched a campaign of mass arrests on the population of Tripoli upon all whose origin is due to the tribe of Rishvana.
Shooting B.al-Thagal dense sounds heard in the neighborhoods of the capital Tripoli.
Random lead in Tripoli, leading to the death of a girl in the end
Twenties (the girl called immortality Majeed Alkmoshe), where the source said that there occurred Shooting
Random street was hit by one of the girls on the track and are inside her car and had ministered to the hospital and died of her surgery …
Yesterday was the kidnapping of businessman “charity al-tair”
yesterday from his home in the al-Andalus district and a ransom demand 6 million dinars.
Giani Akkla Gneoh (el-Mahdi Haratine) militias kidnapped the Minister of Awqaf of the rat government of Tripoli.
The spread of cars belonging to the armed militias ‘Roma Libya’ near the Club Union Camp and 77 and several streets and intersections in the capital.
Spread of Melcaat ‘Roma Libya’ to the area of the mansion Bin Ghashir.
GREEN NAFUSA WESTERN MOUNTAINS:
Militias, criminal bombing missiles locusts ‘corner area’ of ‘the globe’.
Breached the truce between the CORNER and Rishvana
Mahnak but good..
‘Supreme Council and Rishvana’ decision
on the lifting of the cap on Social theft crimes:
Deterrence of criminal militia release abducted youth and Rishvana identity which had been abducted from their jobs today.
Where Saraya to Oa_o.’Rishvanh al-Askara room operations’ has launched a warning to those involved in these crimes, and what will be their due punishment.
Praise be to Allah on the safety and Aqaba for the rest of the Liberal Anchallah.
‘Roma Libya’ militias stationed in the western street Btuibih random bombing a tank on an area Kerkozh.
Foreig Nas: from incoming messages
Zintan hospital inside Jtthein of two women and a young man died as a result of a traffic accident with a painful head down the mountain area Allf car type that have been identified Miche “Mozah” Mahrouktin and bodies fully communicate who they have lost hope.
The man Hatem Molid name 79 of Kbao and both times Martha and Akhta.
All travelers to Tunisia by Dhabh offset crossing taken it
Exercise caution and to the presence of some armed gangs before Nalut town kidnap identity and hijack cars citizens.
A copy of the peace agreement signed between the towns of Zintan and Zuwarah.
The release of the kidnapped cosmic Zhmul after
a ransom was paid a quarter million dinars.
‘Room Zintan operations’ a ajouté 4 nouvelles photos.
Winner Attoha (the spoiled son of Abu arrows (NURU BUSHMAN/ BUSAMEIN)
Pan and touring in the corridors of the RAT ‘ National Congress’ of His suspicious transactions in the RAT Conference.
40 dinars for the meal to the staff of the RAT Conference and the purchase of 75 car.
Abu supported by two arrows in absolute terms, is director of facilities management services, and director of the President and Director of the President’s relations services President holds all these qualities formally gives them financial rewards.
The instructions of the President of the Rat Conference has issued a diplomatic passport, when he was director of services and maintenance, only Menen ceremony of the congress in the month 7
Elemental Class, Btgutat of Abu arrows BUSHMAN, on the Office of the RAT Conference became all services department and protocol officers from visitors or Amazigh.
This bit of administrative corruption to Abu Bushman but the surprise to be released to the winner’s decision to be dispatched to an embassy abroad.
It is not a surprise because of its visitors from ZUWARAH (Visitors if you) you can get anything and all features within the Rat Conference.
and that was explicitly contrary to all laws. Attoha is a primary school teacher, seconded from the Ministry of Education to work and Maintenance Services Department on the recommendation of the Conference (from his ‘daddy’ Abu Bushman) was transferred to the ‘Ministry of Foreign Affairs’, and Conference scar again, while remaining in office, a clear violation of the labor law.
Look at the other side: there are administrative reform from President where he was appointed on Thursday 7-11 in the ‘Foreign Ministry’ and was approved on a 12-11 scar speed administrative bricks;
and the arrival of correspondence and approval of the Minister on the same day and their access to the Rat Conference and the completion of bricks when personnel.
This is but only one example of administrative corruption. There are many other examples, as to whom was appointed ambassadors, of 7 5 of them two weeks ago of Zuwarah.
Today today presented the port director, Zuwarah of robbery in the city corner and after that the prosecution has # by some criminals from al-Aharh al-Doiah Street Amr al-Mokhtar to traffic light at Sabriyah: the place where the robbery took him, and to Saarth balqoh.
‘Room Zintan operations’:
Here crashed dreams militias Amazigh at Wattaya Base.
Gervh al-Amilit congratulates steadfast men of soldiers
armed forces and support.
Personnel Brigades Amazigh to ‘Dawn Libya’ axis Wattaya, in the past.
They think it’s now between tourism and the dead under arrest.
BANI WALID :
News militia to swear allegiance to ’28 May DAASH’ in Bani Walid (which is ‘state regulation’) and a convoy of DAASH is on its way to Boukran.
Formal processes – ‘oom Qaswarah process’ a ajouté 2 nouvelles photos.
The official statement of ‘the Council’ concerning the largest municipal Misurata al-Zlam Aref Nayed and attacking “the Army criminal captive Kalifta Hftar”.
la publication de official ‘MISURATA’ operating room – Qaswarah process.
When people cursing and specific data out of him know that he suffered in the killing and Oodjahm ..
The so-called local council of Misurata
Guo great ‘Daash’, go to Aboukran, believed to be aimed at the Tawergha’s City of ‘Thorghae’ (adjacent to Misurata) and NOT MISURATA !
‘Colonel Mamed bin nail’ sits upon a wheel-chair. A moving image from MISURATA prison.
Lord FAFSA captured.
SIRTE / ABU HADI*:
LIBYA AIRFORCE Warplanes are flying over the sky of the city of Sirte.
Libyan Airforce Warplanes bombed ‘the gate 50’
controlled by the organization of the State (‘DAASH’) *:west of the city of Sirte.
A loud explosion heard in the city.
Photos of what they called the ‘rebels’ of Bernard Levy, being decorated at the entrance to the city of Sirte, the DAASH STATE flags of ‘Unification’…
Wayne brave ‘rebels’ of Sirte for DAASH.
CITY of BATON:
DAASH control over the buildings in the city of Baton and remove the banner of February, (which he called the banner of the trap and replaced the banner of punishment).
Green flies in AJDABIYA !
al-QNFODH / el-MREISSE:
Targeting bulldozer loaded with Armorer to come and ammunition from Misurata
Where it has been targeted by locusts as it approached the port of el-Mreisse area in al-Qnfodh.
LIBYAN AIRFORCE Warplanes bombed Boatni area and the sound of explosions coming.
SOUSSE, TOBRUK, TOKRH / PRECISE, DERNA & THE TUBER:
The names of the elements of the ‘Abu Salim militia’ affiliated with ‘al- Qaeda,’ which has been in a battle at ‘Tjaifam Valley camel’.
1 __ Hassan Mansouri silk field commander.
The killing of the terrorist Hassan Aharir.
He ordered the militia of the ‘Abu Salim al-Qaeda’, which were killed in clashes today.
2 __ Salem just Irons field commander
3 __ Mahmoud Thana.
4 __ Abdul Aziz normal Shalluf
5 __ Fathallah al-Aclai.
6 __ Mohamed Shushan poetic.
7 __ Muhammad Faraj Hassi.
8 __ Monsef Ali cuneiform.
The killing of the terrorist Mahmod Boubacr Thana the second leader of the ‘Militia Buljm’ affiliated with al-Qaeda after the battles that took place in Aan Marh, dawn on Sunday.
Photos dead militia Abu Salim affiliated with al-Qaeda
in the center of the eye passing day. Pictures Powell comments:
RAT Conference customer inventory costs Akkla Giani Gneoh (el-Mahdi Haratine) presiding over a large force; and he goes to Sabha under the pretext of ‘securing law & order.’
Shooting in dense at the school health on Mahdia Street.
It led to the injury of a number of people and one of them was out of Dr. clinic.
This militias Suleiman tribe children headquarters in the city of Sabha
All the inhabitants of the city knew the place well Hedda: ‘Hedda place, Castle Hotel’, previously ‘Atkhaddth’. this topic al-Miltia is her nest.
Here policeman tortured my father, who was martyred at the hands of Suilieman rat Brotherhood militias.
When the militias deserted me, they made a bank robbery.
And all the city’s residents have detect when science and ordered them (‘MAFIA-Cop’) to lose my life Tadiba Hatta milestone.
This place where there is all hashish and alcohol gangs
Atkhaddouna have their den. The Mafia-police shelter them where they are the only reason to do so is to remove the stability of the region.
And The TRIPOLI government gives them support before the dog Bernard Levy and the son Seif al-Nasr.
Zionism and Freemasonry client support them, even when you stop them, and they stay instead of running Amok…
The biggest proof a-Searh al-Hondaya:
All the crimes of the car behind this topic Havan-daya Verna Opaque.
Everyone knows to this topic is the car that you filter people of the region with.
The killing of Imad Seer Warfali brother former prisoner Abdullah Basir.
It was killing him on the ring road near the Mosque Companions.
Armed robbery at home lamp Abdul Salam al-Mahdi was beaten and stealing his car.
Medical sources Hospital at Sabha announces a number of unidentified corpses center with a refrigerator and demanding the competent bodies to take measures for the presence of a long period.
Ohamd Abrahim al-Zaha killing of two people and wounded him
after the armed group was targeting his friend in front of his house
after breakfast area Gardah.
(Aid from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to Ubari)
The ‘hood’ on the frying-pan:
‘Room Zintan operations’:
Official sources for Gervh al-Amilit:
Official sources reported that a delegation from the city of Misurata and a delegation from the tribe al-Mgarha, are negotiating with Turkey on the exchange of detainees between the two parties.
According to the same sources that the al-Mgarha delegation is willing to release one of those arrested with the battalions in the south, which is ‘Misurata Libyan “Turkish” sexual’.
(remember the South Libyan battles, a few months back, in which a Turkish General was captured…)
It is worth mentioning that he was arrested with members affiliated to Misurata Brigades near the BARAK beach Chat’ai; and is likely to end up in exchange for the release of Abdullah al-Senussi (the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA’s intelligence chief).
In contrast, the others planned to be released, includes ‘the Colonel Mohammed Bin Nael [‘‘Colonel Mamed bin nail’] العقيد محمد بن نائل ,
in comparison to other fighters from Misurata.
Italian judicial sources confirm that the security services in the Italian port of Genoa was able to adjust the shipment of weapons of repression and torture which were on their way to one of the ports of western Libya..
An Italian policeman of the DIA (Anti-mafia Investigation Department) holds up two Katyusha rockets from the huge cache or arms found on board the Jadran …
Sharaf Addeen al-Wainani:
Watch: The moment of launching the scud missile from Yemen to the Saudi missile base “al-Sulayl” in Riyadh region:
Launch Scud missiles toward the Saudi military descendant base by the Yemeni Army and the ‘People’s Committees’ of ‘Ansar-Allah’. 30-06-2015
Channel rally-floor space
This is a video from the broadcaster himself on al-Masirah tv reading the breaking news of the scud missile ^^
al-Masirah Channel Channel march
Yemeni army announced the launch of Scud missiles at Saudi Arabia Scion missile base in the valley of propellants of the Riyadh area
al-Masirah Channel Channel march
Yemen – Saudi Arabia
Important Breaking News – New scud hits the Riyadh area of Saudi Arabia:
Yemeni army announced the launch of Scud missile at Saudi Arabia ” Al-ssalil “ missiles base in the valley of propellants of the Riyadh area.
View | storm the Saudi military porch site operation
for the second time and the damage of a number of
mechanisms faithful 01/07/2015
March satellite channel – Believe word
Sharaf Addeen al-Wainani
New scenes from the Yemeni-Saudi borders
Taking control of the Saudi military base “al-Shurfa”,
in the 12th of Ramadhan.
Sharaf Addeen al-Wainani:
A Yemeni fighter carrying a rifle, a cannon and an anti-tank missiles launcher ..
Fighting Saudi soldiers with his rifle, destroying defensive forts and installations with his cannon and also bombing tanks and military vehicles with his anti-tank missiles ..
I think he can takes control of a Saudi base with himself insha’allah ^^
THE MAFIA WORLD-BANKS:
Greece officially announced that it will not pay the ‘International Monetary Fund’ debt midnight today, and thus become the first European country to rebel against the global monetary institutions, threatening the collapse of the euro zone.
This comes from Uganda,
Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni said the Foreign Minister of Libya, Mohammed al-Dayri, gave to me a tone of mockery: Toukatkm that Thblgonna an update on the situation in Libya and ways Annagadha Fujdtkm talking about money and debt crises rickety company Group, which showed a common interest and to coordinate among themselves about utl Ugandan telecommunications company are:
-al-Aref Nayed, Libya’s ambassador to the United Arab Emirates.
-named And kitten Bank Libby Ugandan director for 9 years, separated from him in 2010 for theft.
-named Money and the house of a former minister was Uganda since the week following the same theme.
–amr Mandela Somali businessman.
–vozy Boktef ambassador is not supported in Uganda.
– Mohammed al-Dayri Libyan Foreign Minister, who announced that it will pump million to settle the debts and obligations of the Ugandan telecommunications company.
-Rgel Ugandan businessman “Habib Kagimu” his debt to utl hoped that the company collected before bankruptcy or resolved judicially.
of the officers al-Ouhdwin Liberal Itusthm Colonel Muammar al-Qmavi Voadat after the completion of the evacuation of the foreign bases in 1970;
and James Daniel said (‘al-Qaeda’ is) that al-Qathafi was wearing his uniform and his weapon with him ..
then put his hand on the weapon, and I (JAMES DANIEL) told him “farther your hand ..”
“Is there any harm and if I put my hand on the purse arms .. You’re putting your weapons in my country.”
The Commanders of the new LIBYAN ARMY:
some men of the new Libyan Army:
la publication de ‘Knight precordial’.
What was published previously and to all countries that helped terrorism Stlaqon same fate
The right word in the Arabian al-Amadag
You are under the leadership of Israel and the West Aaamadag.
Everything has become in Libya Hua from neighboring countries of Egypt and Tunisia who are involved and have sold two of their Arabism and today they say Libya is where there is terrorism.
The blame on Egypt and come on the first country Mtkhadelh after the overthrow of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak’s regime receive Egypt’s military council or the Egyptian armed forces when he was eastern Libya outside the authority of the state and Egypt under military rule currently follows perused the Obzaa warm planes country al-Asrailah, Turkish and carrying terrorists Ahbtun in Airports Cairo, Alexandria,
and you are Jelbtwa terrorism for Libya nationalism and Arabism neighbor dispute that the Tunisian people heroes of the armed forces were Omsaatrin in western Libya and this does not mean they did not betray Taatkhadl but was at the top of al-Tkhadl.
To your knowledge, you have Aassese Egyptians who fought with NATO and you Aacepci Tunisia Kmalk.
Yamen claim Arabism and anti-terrorism:
When Libya was fighting global terrorism in Bodath, you had the comfortable ability of NATO’s rat mercenary soldiers, and these were your aides.
Vohsdoa Mazrat Isdakm
And who live in glass houses for people Aergm stones ….
Room Zintan Operations a ajouté 3 nouvelles photos.
25 juin, 22:10 ·
Iftar today with cuneiform family ..
After the good initiative taken by the Libyan Consulate General, represented in the person of the Consul General Abdul-Razeq Nadzawi, a Obosninh help displaced families forcibly removed from our beloved country of Libya because of the war or any other reason.
The ‘Cuneiform’ family, displaced from Benghazi (because of the presence of their home in the historic whale market area in Benghazi, which saw the Tchehdt fierce battles between Libyan army forces and criminals state regulation terrorists).
After several stations of displacement, they settled their backpacker in Tunisia, and with their material conditions being so weak, that they were virtually destitute when they arrived in Tunisia.
But by the intervention of the ‘Consulate General’, after the last few Libyan displaced families were settled in Tunisia, they have been identified as destitute families financially; and decided to help them and secure housing and food for them.
So much for our dear country in dire crisis ….
Thanks to the ‘Consul General’, and all those who contributed to this wonderful work, and who have participated in the introduction of a smile in the hearts of our suffering brothers.
غرفة عمليات الزنتان a ajouté 3 nouvelles photos.
25 juin, 22:10 ·
إفطارنا اليوم مع عائلة المسماري..
بعد مبادرة الخير التي قامت بها القنصلية العامة متمثله في شخص القنصل العام عبد الرزاق أبوسنينة وهي مساعدة العائلات المهجرة قسرا من الوطن الغالي ليبيا بسبب الحرب أو أي سببٍ أخر.
عائلة المسماري هجروا من بنغازي بسبب وجود منزلهم في منطقة سوق الحوت التاريخية ببنغازي التي شهدت وتشهدت معارك طاحنة بين قوات الجيش الليبي و مجرمي تنظيم الدولة الإرهابي وبعد عدة محطات من النزوح إستقر بهم الرحال في تونس و مع ظروفهم المادية الضعيفة والتي تكاد أن تكون معدمة عند وصولهم لتونس وبتدخل القنصلية العامة بعد الحصر الأخير للعائلات الليبية المهجرة بتونس تم تحديد العائلات المعدمة ماديا وتقرر مساعدتها و تأمين السكن و المأكل لهم حتي تنفرج أزمة بلادنا الغالية..
شكراً للقنصل العام و كل من ساهم في هذا العمل الرائع وشارك في إدخال البسمة في نفوس اخوتنا.
This family displaced … composed of two daughters and two sons … and their parents of missing 5 years.
And have no one to distract them …
This image chapter Asknnouna …
This eating …
Strabismus who helps anything, whether material or moral …
هذه عائلة نازحة … متكونة من بنتين وولدين … ووالدهم مفقود من 5 سنوات.
وليس لديهم من يصرف عليهم …
وهذه صورة الفصل الذي يسكنونه…
وهذا اكلهم …
اللي حاب يساعد بأي شيء سواء كان مادي او معنوي
الاتصال بالمشرف بهذه العائلات
الأستاذ : احمد المسلاتي
الرقم : 0925123518
الدال على الخير كفاعله …
الضغط علي مشاركة أكيد لا تخسرك شيئاً بل اجركم حاصل بإذن الله .
للمعلومة : العائلة متواجدة في #بنغازي
* مناضل العروبة *
‘Room Zintan operations’, reports:
al-Qoara Abar al-Hdt:
The words realistic and true …but in the end Abiedl are we allegedly !! ?
Head of ‘Media and Culture Commission’ of our ‘interim government’ al-Qoara Omar, said on Friday, that the Libyan people are the last concern of ‘the President of the UN Mission to Libya’ Bernardino Léon.
al-Qoara, said through his intervention on the channel “Arab event”, that Léon is blatantly biased and attached-to the ‘second party in Tripoli’. Léon consults warlords and criminals such as Bachaga Fathi al-Faqih, and the citizens and understands as his last interest.
al-Qoara pointed out al-Mikialin policy in the deal for the day with the prevailing situation in the country, noting that instead of setting militias who tookover Tripoli airport, into prison and punishing ‘their leaders of destruction’, Léon wants to reward them by giving them the reins of power, and Zram in the body politic-called for. al-Qoara asserts that the people will not accept their return.
al-Qoara, says Léon is forcing the MAJLIS al-Nuwaab to accept his “bribe” for an extension of an additional two years, in exchange for the approval of the State Council, which ihas been approved and is demanded by the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood.
al-Qoara said that ‘the (so.called) rebels’ cast-out the former military who were obedient to the military orders of the ‘Great Jamahiriya’, and refuse to re-engage them in our National Army (meanwhile they are killing thousands, and have abandoned and burned the capabilities of the people) instead of integrating them in force that will protect Tripoli.
And as the the head of the media body of culture (of which al-Qoara is the head), that Leon’s initiative will not end, until the resolution of the battle on the ground, pointing out that the drawback is the militias that occupies the capital with weapons (and that the international community will not impose sanctions on the Brotherhood Tripoli Militia Leaders as they did the symbols of the “GREAT JAMAHIRIYA”)
and it is only the right of the ‘GREAT JAMAHIRIYA’ leaders to raise issues to the international community, if we now consider that there is no difference between the two.
غرفة عمليات الزنتان
#القويري #اخبار_الحدث ،،
كلام واقعي وصحيح ،، لكن هل في حد بيعدل علينا زعما !!
قال رئيس هيئة الإعلام والثقافة بالحكومة المؤقتة عمر القويري أمس الجمعة، إنّ الشعب الليبي هو آخر اهتمامات رئيس البعثة الأممية إلى ليبيا برناردينو ليون.
وأضاف القويري خلال مُداخلة على قناة “العربية الحدث” أنّ ليون مُنحاز بشكل مفضوح إلى الطرف الثاني في طرابلس، فهو يستشير قادة الميليشيات والمُجرمين أمثال فتحي باشاغا والفقيه أمّا المواطنين فهم آخر اهتماماته.
وأشار إلى سياسة الميكيالين في تعامل ليوم مع الوضع السائد في البلاد، مُبينا أنّه بدل من وضع قادة الميليشيات التي دمرت مطار طرابلس في السجن ومُعاقبتهم، إلاّ أنّه يريد مُكافئتهم بمنحهم مقاليد الحكم وزرعم في الجسم السياسي الذي دعا إليه، مؤكدا أنّ الشعب لن يرضى بعودتهم.
واتهم القويري مجلس النواب بقبول “رشوة” ليون المُتمثلة في التمديد عامين إضافيين مقابل الموافقة على مجلس الدولة الذي يطالب به الإخوان.
وقال القويري إنّ الثوار يعيبون على العسكريون السابقون إطاعتهم للأوامر العسكرية لنظام القذافي ويرفضون إعادة إشراكهم في الجيش الوطني بينما من قتل وهجّر الآلاف وأحرق مُقدرات الشعب سيكافئون بإدماجهم في القوة التي ستحمي طرابلس.
وبيّن رئيس هيئة الإعلام والثقافة أنّ مبادرة ليون لن تنتهي إلاّ بحسم المعركة على الأرض، مشيرا إلى أنّ العائق هو الميليشيات التي تحتل العاصمة بالسلاح و لم يقم المجتمع الدولي بفرض العقوبات على قادتها مثلما فعلوا برموز نظام القذافي وإلاّ من حق قادة نظام القذافي أن يرفعوا قضايا على المجتمع الدولي إذا ما اعتبرنا أنّه لا فرق بين الطرفين.
By al-Vars al-Libya:
Léon may succeed in convincing some idiots and fools B.Msodth
It has succeeded in persuading ‘some of his intentions honestly and honor his mission’… (HAH!)
He has succeeded in creating a market for the debate between supporters and dismissive and conservative.
What is certain is that Léon knows himself (and all Aaarafh Agthein drafted behind him) that will not be implemented, including a single word on the ground, for this very simple reason:
Because the majority of the Libyan people did not enter the dialogue (supporters of the system).
The majority of the target group for refusing to attend the dialogue (February regret).
The enemies of the regime supporters and February Contrite also against dialogue (‘Daash’ and law and some fighters).
Laden and calculates the logical very brief:
if we collected all those groups, we find that the dialogue and drafted only represents individuals of the state that attended, (which includes both hired beneficiaries or some members of the Brotherhood, who are promised positions and gains, and some fighter recruits advance intelligence and some militias Agth for a way out after losing its power collapsed from losses incurred).
Here it is clear that at least 95% of the Libyan people areagainst Léon’s rounds and drafted and results of the dialogue. And therefore it is doomed to failure in advance. And Léon will fall, just as Levy fell. Only time will find a special vacuum to write his memoirs, which will be filled with shame and scandals of the ignorant and stupid who Hthoa behind him and believed his promises and waited for good government interoperability. (They also endorsed former promises Levy and towers and the ‘good’ of the ‘Interim Board’.)
This conclusion is also not smarter than I am. But one can know Léon as good as you know intelligence which operates for its own account. They are Irahnon on dialogue and its outcome but betting on his tours, which raised important to gain time for Western intelligence to
implement more penetration and fragmentation of the Libyan-society.
And it allows changing alliances and enemies. And given enough time, its aim is to stretch terrorism, to be a stick that hits everyone at home. And thus the West gains more customers who are recruited through Maatakllah contacts and discussions Owalagra dialogue under threat.
All wars and useful initiatives and slogans West are incorporated in Léon. But not to appear publicly, but with the repercussions the West caused by raising ‘make-believe people’, and the populace to suffer for decades ..
RAS JEDIR (IGDIR) CROSSING:
It estimated to escape and flee ‘Ifkina Suh’ at RAS JEDIR. He open fled to escape Adjana Maad. Gone salvation matter is settled, Allah willing, victory.
Warning to all Jardan of Tripoli !
Allah willing, the LIBYAN Armed forces will enter (or will enter the capital Maandhmh Tani option).
It means Atskro roads Tnsabo locusts Bejholkm Bejholkm.
And any inventory supported stained with the blood of innocent people has no place in Libya.
[“The quake compassionate”]
The car is equipped armed carrying 23 vehicles and 106 and lobster inside the headquarters of the militia Nawasi P MITIGUA, to be deployed in the airport road and creamy zone to secure Tripoli.
Maj. Gen. Amr Tntosh is leading the ‘Battle of Tripoli’ which is coming very soon,
and advertising will be edited from the city of al-Aziziya.
Allah, you are seeing geniuses
Do not return to the forward
[“The quake compassionate”]
Arrivals train began to move towards the capital Tripoli
O Lord of the Worlds hurry victory !
(“The quake compassionate”)
All Jardan Libya Kano Asthezwa Bakadmon and laugh of their goals
The day after they arrived arrivals for the Liberation of Libya.
Ardo them Reconciliation
Anicololhm no reconciliation with those who destroyed Libya.
God willing, we will liberate the capital first and then proceed to liberate the homeland “inch by inch Dar Dar Zenga Zenga…”
Do not return, but rather go forward…
(“The quake compassionate”)
Champions and Rishvana, at the bin Shuaib area, south corner.
Video shows the control of the tribal forces represented Ben Ali Shuaib southern corner.
Calls within the CITY CORNER by ‘Buabadh militias’ for citizens to ‘declare a state of the horn year’ after the approach of the tribal forces into the capital of Tripoli.
The killing of four of manatee Janzour militias and the intensification of fighting between the ‘Brigades of Rishvana’ and ‘militias Brotherhood Knights of Janzour’ in front of Janzour.
The spread of militias in the area of ‘Khrfan Janzour Buildings’ saling, and activate the gates belonging to them in most of the roads leading to Janzour.
Armed vehicles belonging to Militia Sadaoa, are heading to Janzour.
Confusion is evident in the ranks of the ‘Brotherhood Knights militia’ of Janzour.
There is a gate after Cimafro which is now disabled in Janzour. Please, if you must take it, exercise caution
Any person will be arrested who shows Rishvana identity !!
(“The quake compassionate”)
Tunisian Mohammed Shafiq allowance and ‘al-Reid’ (RAT REPORTERS) and beauty Zoubih today in ‘the Chamber of Commerce and Industry’ in Tripoli and is talk about support Ghr Libya the media in Tunisia and of course money Booster known to you ..
Agreement on a ‘media attack’ (BECAUSE THE MASS MEDIA SUPPORTS BROTHERHOOD ‘SAVATION’ of TRIPOLI) targeting the Libyan army and question the leaders and Ali Omar al-Qoara (the ‘Libyan Minister of Information’) and the UAE ‘as a country supportive of the “coup in Libya” ‘, as the RATS call the ‘MAJLIS al-Nuwaab in Tobruk, Casablanca and her supporters’..
Tomorrow the MASS MEDIA goes to Misurata, calling allowance for further conspiracy against Libya and its people.
RAT’s ‘CHAMBER of Commerce and Industry’ in TRIPOLI:
‘Room Zintan Operations Room’ comment, by Naseem Ahmed:
“O Allah Sfatyl …. and Allah bless ya Mu’ammar.“
‘Roma Libya’ militia stormed the ‘Ministry of Finance’ before Xue and kidnapped and arrested a number of employees of identity, in Tripoli, including youth of Rishvana.
24 JUNE 2015:
Nuclear-powered desalinisation plant Theft:
Yesterday was the theft of the Foundation of nuclear power B.Tajourah by a subsidiary of Bel gangs based in Tajourah… goods millions in broad daylight and in front of the eyes of ‘Energy Director’ of desalination plant stores,
one of the Tajourah notes that the nuclear power plant ‘suspended the salaries of displaced people to the mountain for more than 3 months, a result of pressure from these gangs and complicity the Director-General.
Libya: in mid 2007 a memorandum of understanding was signed with France related to building a mid-sized nuclear plant for seawater desalination. Areva TA would supply this. Libya planned adapting the Tajourah research reactor for a nuclear desalination demonstration plant with a hybrid MED-RO system.)
‘Room Zintan operations’:
‘Room Zintan Operations’ a ajouté 4 nouvelles photos.
Yesterday, the company of Colonel Idriss Material (physical) ‘Libyan National Army Operations Western Region Room’ and ‘Colonel corner sincere al-Mzoga’, were at Wattaya base, as Okba Ibn Nafi …
and some of the officers and the Libyan military personnel came on a visit to ‘Beautiful City’ and had a Ramadan-breakfast there ..
At the meeting were sheikhs and notables of Beautiful City and Racdalin and Ztun and al-Ash, and some police officers of our Army,
…and for the police and the army activation, all understand the difficulties faced by the security man…
and we announce the formation of the ‘joint security rooms’ continuing with the ‘National Army Operations Room’,
God save Libya
Military inimitable skill and tactical expertise to the ‘Operations Room, of the Western Region’ is ‘Colonel Adras Mada’ (IDRESS MATERIAL CUNIEFOIRM), who ordered to ‘Wattaya base’, Colonel al-Sadeg al-Mzoga’, who is a shattering the dreams and hopes of the rat-factors of the ‘Dawn Libya’ militias …and has defeated them, and all those who supported the Brotherhood rats.
We Salute them all, Maabzlouna !
‘Room Zintan Operations’ a ajouté 3 nouvelles photos.
24 juin, 20:34 ·
Afturkm authenticity of one of the themes that are based Third Battalion forces
Lens: Saleh Aeraud
Ali recognize this body they found in a hospital at ‘DAASH’ village.
The information we have that ‘DAASH’ will move after Ramadan 10.
The spread of the gates and thorough inspection inside the city of Misurata.
Atvchu and Lama Tvchu bombing inevitable.
Crescent Street Misurata Island of the family happy when referring to al-Doiah_ Benghazi Street
al-Qoha tightening tight security after the failure of more than 10 attempts to blow up the shops located along Crescent Street (is known that permanent Crescent Street congestion).
Hear heavy fire near the airport 14.5 in Misurata.
Clashes Airport Road of Misurata Agheiran result in the death of a person from a family Mahaha.
Clashes in Misurata airport road and the fall of the killing of Eit to Mahaha.
Precautions tight security inside the city of Misurata.
The closure of nearby roads to prisons and sites Brigades militia in the city.
Island jar milkfish in Benghazi.
SOUSSE, TOBRUK, TOKRH / PRECISE, DERNA & THE TUBER:
The city of Tobruk begins in paper ‘DINAR 10 NOTE’ exchange new dinars with a picture of Sheikh Omar Mukhtar martyrs
O Allah Libya every little Asdro new currency
Photos of the fire at the African market in Tobruk and the fire continued until 10:00 pm and enables civil defense team and the people of the city of Tobruk to control the fire:
The liquidation of an unknown person in front of passers ….
On Friday, corresponding to 26/6/2015 at 16:30 one of the citizens came to the Sabha city police station and Report, said he saw in front of him
and caught the liquidation of an unknown person identity before ‘the Banking School’
and said he saw a car type Hyundai for the clean and jerk color white opaque glass without plates and stood in front of the ‘Banking School’ and got out Three masked men carrying Klashenmakov rifles,
and Anzlo with them someone handcuffed enrollment of iron and one of them to liquidate him archery him on the head with a bullet and left him
and Rkpo their car and Harpo were investigating officer to move to a place located on board a police car and when he arrived in front of the ‘Banking School’ found the deceased thrown on the side of the road and infected by a bullet in his head, and was taken by members of the police Erilh
and taken on board a police car and taken to a medical Sabha Hospital, where the corpse was previewed again inside the hospital. He was an unidentified person Caucasion skin at the age of about 22 years old; and inspect his body a bullet found infiltrated his head, and his hands cuffed enrollment of iron Claibhh.
There Itar Taadib all over his body and some Itar Altaadib since the period did not find any cash in his pocket Atbaat identity did not recognize.
it was one save refrigerator mercy Bmschgy medical Sabha WHDH his image and recognize it.
Go to Sabha to attend the police station to complete the rest of the investigation.
I am God and to him we shall return.
(Sabha city police station)
Two people were kidnapped from Palestinian nationality of the front of the car repair shop, close to the car,
Picture shows hand car Verna Hall of the People where the dark Black people and three masked gunmen and kidnappers asked for financial Melg in exchange for their release.
Shake middle ground felt by residents of the Egyptian capital Cairo and some provinces measuring 5.2 on the Richter scale.
Martyr leader Hussein al-Houthi (ABOVE):
“The enemy doesn’t look to what you have of capabilities, but he looks to your position, to the culture you have (Religious orientation), to the people’s morale, to their visions and their leaders’ visions.”
(The martyr leader : Syed Hussein Badr al-Din al-Houthi)
VICTORY for Yemeni Army and the ‘People’s Committees’ of ‘ANSAR-ALLAH’ (BELOW):
Present leader and voice of ANSAR-ALLAH:
The word Ramadan (رمضان)
The word Ramadan (رمضان) comes from the word Ramad (رمض) which literally means “burning.”
Imām Qurtubī said:
إنما سمي رمضان لأنه يرمض الذنوب أي يحرقها با لأعمال الصالحة
“It was named ‘Ramadan’ because it burns the sins of people with good deeds.”
Ref: Tafṣīr al-Qurtubī (v. 2, p. 271)
Banner of the beloved prophet Muhammad.(PBUH)
Videos of the strongest to Norman Ben Othman
FACEBOOK CENSORED THIS VIDEO–IT NO LONGER CAN BE VIEWED !!!
Only 3 minutes of emotions .. pay to uncover many facts of intelligence with respect to events taking place in Libya .. to note that just a few…
(The tip of the iceberg) for the position of the U.S. and the British.
It was formed ‘crawl green battalion and brigade battalion Zliten 69 fighters’
Led by ‘Ali Abdullah mighty’ and will take part in the liberation of Tripoli process.
fear controls the militias in Tripoli and the fall of the first gate,
means the beginning of the series ‘The Great Escape’.
ﺍﻟﺨﻮﻑ ﻳﺴﻴﻄﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻴﺸﻴﺎﺕ ﻓﻰ ﻃﺮﺍﺑﻠﺲ ﻭﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺑﻮﺍﺑـﺔ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻣﺴﻠﺴﻞ ﺍﻟﻬﺮﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺮ .
Melcaat ‘Roma Libya’ at Night intensify inspection gates entrances of the capital Tripoli.
The voices of powerful explosions near the Tripoli airport perimeter
(The decoder families) Colonel fighter ‘Abd al-Salam al-Razali’ (who was languishing in jails of Agdian in Janzour) is free !
Colonel Abdul Salam al-Ghazali of Caged: Thank Allah for his safety !
Mn brad el-Safhh
‘Cherkaoui El Sharkawy’, informs us:
Aerkh Abdmoly between the sons and the sons of al-Gramoul , no one kills Aanaql news saheeh have the case of the fulfillment al-Gramoul family; but not because of Aerkh al-Mtovi Shibani large at the age of 80 the patient was in favor of Tunisia named on al-Gramoul Lord condone mercy Thro before Tketbo.
اولا العركة بين ابناء عبدالمولى وابناء الغرمول وليس سلمان وثانيا لم يقتل احد ياناقل الخبر وصح عندهم حالة وفاء عائلة الغرمول لكن ليس بسبب العركة المتوفئ شيباني كبير فى سن ٨٠مريض كان فى تونس اسمه صالح على الغرمول ربي يتقبله برحمته تحرو قبل ان تكتبو
GREEN NAFUSA WESTERN MOUNTAINS:
EU renews preventing of Libyan aircraft from entering the air space beyond Libya itself, because of ‘the safety of passengers’.
(ZINTAN was open for International airflights until this ‘EU’ decision !!!)
# Of Oa_o.Rishvana al-Askara
Daash organization simplifies control over the entire area of Zamzam.
AIWIESHH (by RISHVANA):
The withdrawal of militias of Misurata full military hardware from Aiwieshh area.
The closure of the road between Racdalin to Zuwarah with sand barriers.
NOW BANI WALID BECOMES PART OF THE ISLAMIST STATE OF DAASH !!!
‘Daash’ organization, in an audio recording, says that in the next few days, they will announce that the city of BANI WALID as being thoroughly a mandate of the Islamists affiliated.
‘Daash’ train began to move the direction of the city of Misurata.
Was arrested on a cell will explosions in the center of sensitive places of the City.
‘Colonel carp’ (the Rishvana Legion fighter of the ‘Dafniya front’ in 2011), is good health and he was released from Misurata prison, after four long years of suffering !
West axis large explosion shakes the al-Qnfodh area.
Violent clashes taking place in Laithi Hijaz Street area.
al-Sabri clashes near the center, between the Reformed pro-MAJLIS al-NUWAAB Salafist organization (working with the LIBYAN ARMY) against ‘Daash’.
One members of the organization have been killed (Ali Paddy) famous b Foula resident of al-Sabri.
SOUSSE, TOBRUK, TOKRH / PRECISE, DERNA & THE TUBER:
Random several shells fall on the east coast area.
Tuber Rouge back axis. Since few
Sporadic clashes in the Axis artillery and heavy weapons medium.
Ignitions and fuel tanks Porsche police district of Mahdia.
Burning car, which led to the fire to move one gasoline to some smugglers and traders gasoline storage depots and reason in this huge fire.
Clashes in the area between Aharhh corner Abdel Mawla children and the children of Sulieman; and killed one person from the children of Sulieman.
Foiled an attempt to smuggle two million tablet tramadol of desert Jaghbub:
‘Daash’ terrorist organization adopt several bombings in several countries, including Tunisia, France and Kuwait on Friday.
A terrorist attack on a tourist hotel bathrooms Sousse, killing more than 27 tourists and news about the death of the bomber.
Kalashnikov raised, Tunisian terrorist’s last moments revealed as he roams the streets looking for more victims after slaughtering 37 tourists in hotel massacre before police shoot him dead
Gunmen have carried out a terrorist attack at holiday destination of Sousse
Militants, thought to be from DAASH/ISIS, exchanged gunfire with security services
English boy, 16, survived after seeing his parents and grandmother killed
Another Brit left fighting for his life after being shot four times in stomach
Are you in Sousse? Email email@example.com or ring 00442036153475
The final moments of a machine gun-wielding terrorist, who slaughtered 37 innocent people and injured another 36 on a beach in Tunisia today, have been captured on camera.
AK47 in hand, the man prowls the streets of Sousse, the popular resort town where he opened fire on the beach packed with holidaymakers.
It has emerged that a heroic British man, who was shot three times on the beach during the attack, bravely used his body as a human shield to protect his fiancee from being killed by the maniac gunman.
A 60-year-old British man James McGuire is thought to have died in the onslaught.
The massacre took place at about the same time as the bombing of a Shi’ite mosque in Kuwait, where 25 worshippers were killed, and another attack on a United States-owned factory in France in which a man was beheaded.
The violence comes just days after ISIS urged its fanatic followers to ‘make Ramadan a month of calamities’ and rise up against the ‘non-believers’.
Scroll down for videos
Terrorist: New images show the final moments of a gunman (pictured) who caused havoc by opening fire on a beach packed with holidaymakers in Tunisia today, before police shot him dead
Predator: Assault rifle in hand, he roams the streets of the popular holiday resort town Sousse where he and possible accomplices killed at least 37 people today
Killer: Witnesses in Sousse said the terrorists used a jet ski and a boat to access the beach and hid their machine guns in parasols before indiscriminately opening fire on civilians
An officer speaks on his phone as he walks past the dead body of one of the gunmen on the ground
Bodies lie on a beach in Sousse after gunmen opened fire on tourists at two hotels, killing at least 37
Massacre: At least 37 people were killed on the beach when gunmen opened fire on innocent sunbathers
Killed: A 16-year-old British boy saw his grandmother and parents gunned down by the men who killed 37 (one pictured)
Deceased: Tunisian lifeguards stand next to a covered body in the resort town of Sousse, which has been brought to its knees following a merciless terrorist attack
Armed police stand over the body of a victim shot dead on the beach by Islamist gunmen in Tunisia
Hero: British man Matthew James (right), who was shot three times on the beach during the onslaught, used his body as a human shield to protect his fiancee Sarah Wilson (left) from being killed by the maniac gunman
Onslaught: One of the survivors of the massacre on a beach in Tunisia sits inside the Imperial Marhaba Hotel, where a window was smashed by gunfire
Attack: A broken glass window of the Imperial Marhaba hotel is seen after a gunman opened fire at the beachside hotel in Sousse
Medics help an injured man in Sousse after gunmen stormed beaches of two hotels in the town of Sousse
Sousse terror attack: Wounded arrive at private clinic
Matthew James, 30, from Cardiff, is fighting for his life after being shot four times in the stomach, his father-in law William Wilson told MailOnline.
The gas engineer was hit in the shoulder, chest and hip as the gunman opened fire on the sunbeds as he lay next to fiancee Sarah Wilson.
Speaking from the hospital in Tunisia, Sarah, 26, said: ‘He took a bullet for me. I owe him my life because he threw himself in front of me when the shooting started. He was covered in blood from the shots but he just told me to run away.
‘He told me: “I love you babe. But just go – tell our children that their daddy loves them”.
‘It was the bravest thing I’ve ever known. But I just had to leave him under the sunbed because the shooting just kept on coming.
‘I ran back, past bodies on the beach to reach our hotel. It was chaos – there was a body in the hotel pool and it was just full of blood.
‘You just can’t explain how terrible it was. It was chaos with screaming and gunshots. I’m just so glad Matthew is alive because so many other people are dead.’
Engaged couple Sarah and Matthew, from Pontypridd, South Wales, left their two children Tegan, six, and Kaden, 14 months at home with their family when they jetted out to Sousse on June 21 for a two week break.
Tourist describes hearing gunman fire shots below them
Emotions running high: A woman launches a furious attack on a man apparently arrested over the shootings
The suspect gunman was attacked after reportedly being captured by the entrance to the Sousse motorway
Tunisian security forces escort a man through the streets of Sousse as he is attacked by a woman
Safety: Terrified tourists are holed up inside the Imperial hotel in the resort town of Sousse, a popular tourist destination 90 miles south of the Tunisian capital
Embrace: Scared tourists comfort one another at the Imperial Marhaba Hotel having survived the terrifying gun attack outside the beachside hotel
Contemplative: Tourists sit at the terrace of the Imperiale Marhaba hotel after a gunman opened fire at the beachside hotel in Sousse
Alive: Survivors of the fatal beach attack retreat to the safety of the Imperial hotel in Sousse
Scared: Hand in hand, holidaymakers flee from the beach in Sousse where dozens were massacred today
Ellie Makin, from Ripon, who was on holiday with her friend Debbie Horsfall from Huddersfield, said she saw a gunman pull a weapon from an umbrella right next to them on the beach while they were sunbathing.
She told ITV News: ‘He was to the right of me because we were on the last sun bed on the beach. All of a sudden I got up anyway and just happened to look right and all I saw was a gun and an umbrella being dropped.
‘Then he started firing to the right hand side of us. If he had fired to the left I don’t know what would have happened, but we were very lucky.’
A 16-year-old British boy reportedly saw his parents and grandmother slaughtered by the gunman and possible accomplices. The boy is being treated for his injuries in hospital, according to a report by a Tunisian radio station.
Staff at the Clinic Les Oliviers in Sousse where many of the injured have been taken said they were treating 13 British nationals.
Other victims who died included an Irish woman, Tunisians, Germans and Belgians.
Witnesses in Sousse said the terrorists used a jet ski and a boat to access the beach and hid their machine guns in parasols while dressed in Western clothing.
The body of one gunman lay at the scene with a Kalashnikov after he was shot in an exchange of gunfire with police.
A second suspect was later arrested near a motorway. Pictures showed him being punched in the face by a furious woman as he was marched through the town by armed police.
Bodies of victims are covered up on the beach in Sousse
This picture shows the body of a western holidaymaker lying dead on the beach in Sousse – empty sun loungers can be seen behind him after people fled the area
This picture shows dead bodies on the beach following the attack on the beach today
A Tunisian student, previously unknown to the security services, is the prime suspect in the massacre, Tunisia’s Secretary of State for Security, Rafik Chelly revealed.
Mr Chelly told Tunisia’s Mosaique FM radio station: ‘He is Tunisian, from the Kairouan region [in the centre of Tunisia]. He is a student. He was not known [to the security services].
‘He went to the beach, dressed like someone who is going for a swim and he had a parasol [sun umbrella] inside which he had his weapon. After he arrived at the beach, he used his weapon.’
The attack took place at the al-Qantawi resort in the city of Sousse, around 140 kilometres south of the capital Tunis on the Mediterranean coast.
The hotels attacked are understood to be the Imperial Marhaba and the Soviva.
Ridha Jegham, director general of the Royal Kenz Hotel opposite the Imperial Marhaba Hotel, told a local radio station that the terrorists used a jet ski and boat to access the beach.
He said he had passed the information to the country’s Interior Minister.
British tourist Gary Pine told Sky News said: ‘We thought fire crackers were going off but you could see quite quickly what was going on.
Wounded are taken into hotel for treatment in Sousse
Police stand over one of the gunmen after the attack in the popular tourist destination today
‘There was a mass exodus off the beach. My son was in the sea at the time and myself and my wife were shouting at him to get out and as he ran up he said I’ve just saw someone get shot.
‘One attacker opened fire with a Kalashnikov on tourists and Tunisians on the beach of the hotel’, said a hotel worker at the site.
‘It was just one attacker. He was a young guy dressed in shorts like he was a tourist himself.’
Elizabeth O’Brien, an Irish woman on holiday with her two sons in the resort, described how she grabbed her children and ran for their lives when they heard gunfire erupting from one of the hotels.
She said: ‘We were on the beach. My sons were in the sea and I just got out of the sea.
‘It was about 12 o’clock and I just looked up about 500 metres from me and I saw a (hot air) balloon collapse down, then rapid firing, then I saw two of the people who were going to go up in the balloon start to run towards me – because I thought it was fireworks.
‘So, I thought ‘oh my God, it sounds like gunfire’, so I just ran to the sea to my children and grabbed our things and as I was running towards the hotel.
‘The waiters and the security on the beach started saying ‘run, run run!’ and we just ran to our room, which is like a little bungalow. So we are actually trapped in our room.’
Tunisian troops stand guard outside the hotel in an armoured car after the terror attack
Immediate aftermath of terrorist attack in Sousse, Tunisia
The British Government’s emergency Cobra committee will meet this afternoon following the attack in Tunisia and another one in France where a man was decapitated at a gas factory by terrorists carrying Islamist banners.
Prime Minister David offered ‘our solidarity in fighting this evil of terrorism’, adding: ‘Our hearts go out to the victims of appalling terrorist acts in France, Kuwait and Tunisia.’
Susan Rickett, who was staying at the Palm Marina Hotel near Sousse, said: ‘My sister was talking to someone who had seen some people shooting and had shot someone on a sun bed but we don’t know if that’s true.
‘It sounded like a machine gun going off… and there was a kind of explosion a little bit later.
‘They’re saying its going on in the hotel next to us. Police were chasing some men, that’s all I know.’
Rebecca Miles, a British tourist who was staying at the Royal Kenz hotel with her boyfriend Dean Anderson, 24, told MailOnline: ‘We were told to go back to our rooms because there were reports of a bomb.
‘It happened about half an hour ago – I heard a bang and I thought it was thunder but it was a clear sky so it obviously wasn’t.
‘I heard sirens going off about 20 minutes ago and everyone came running back from the private hotel beach which is about 400 metres from the hotel. Everyone is a bit clueless about what is happening.
‘People are anxious because they don’t really know what is happening and we are now stuck in our rooms. There have been deaths apparently.’
British tourists talk of terror after Sousse hotels attack
British holidaymaker Rebecca Miles, who is staying in the Royal Kenz hotel in Sousse (pictured) said tourists have been told to return to their rooms after the attack on the private beach of the hotel
A holidaymaker John Yeoman has barricaded himself inside his hotel room in Sousse (pictured)
David Schofield said: ‘We heard quite a large explosion…People are running around the hotel. No-one has really been told what to do.’
The Foreign Office said it is aware of the reports and is looking into them.
In a statement, Thomas Cook said: ‘Thomas Cook has been advised of an incident that occurred earlier today in Sousse, Tunisia.
‘At this time, details are not clear as to which property(ies) have been affected, with conflicting news reports.
‘We are currently gathering information and will provide an update as soon as possible.
‘Our teams on the ground are offering every support to our customers and their families in the area.
SOUSSE: POPULAR HOLIDAY AREA
Sousse is a city on the east coast of Tunisia, about 87 miles (140km) south of the capital, Tunis.
Around 1.2 million tourists visit Sousse every year, drawn by the hotels, sandy beaches and culture.
Hotel complexes with 40,000 beds span from the old city to the Port El Kantaoui and the city is home to a Unesco-protected mosque, as well as a historic medina.
Boujaafar Beach stretches from the Gulf of Hammamet several miles north to Port El Kantaoui – a purpose-built resort with dozens of hotels including the El Mouradi Palm Marina, El Mouradi Palace and Riu Imperial Marhaba.
‘We will continue to monitor the situation, working closely with the FCO and local authorities.’
Mohamed Ali Aroui, spokesman for Tunisia’s Interior Minister, said: ‘The perpetrator of the massacre has been killed but there could be more.
‘That that are others with him is something we cannot confirm or deny.’
While the country’s president Mohamed Beji Caid Essebsi said: ‘We have seen today that Tunisia is facing an international movement.
‘It cannot respond alone. The proof is that at the same time and on the same day, France has been the target of an similar operation as well as Kuwait.
‘This is the proof that a global strategy is needed and that every democratic country should unite its forces… I hope this time is the last time.’
Holiday brands Thomson and First Choice said they were ‘aware of a suspected terrorist incident in Tunisia’.
They added: ‘We are working closely with our teams in Tunisia and the relevant authorities to determine exactly what has happened and provide assistance to those affected.
‘More information will be released as it becomes available.’
This morning’s news follows a similar attack in March, when three terrorists attacked the Bardo National Museum in the Tunisian capital city of Tunis, and took hostages.
Twenty-one people, mostly European tourists, were killed at the scene, while an additional victim died ten days later.
Inside the Royal Kenz hotel in Sousse
This picture shows the empty beach following the attack which has left 28 people, mainly tourists, dead
The terrorist attack happened in the popular holiday destination of Sousse in the north of Tunisia
It has been reported that the attack happened on the private beach of the Royal Kenz Hotel, which is situated 400 metres away
ABTA’ s advice for travellers heading to Tunisia
ISIS claimed responsibility for the attack, the deadliest involving foreigners in Tunisia since a 2002 suicide bombing on the island of Djerba.
The attack comes just hours after a man was decapitated and dozens more injured at a gas product factory in France by terrorists carrying Islamist banners.
The attack took place at the headquarters of the American owned Air Products, in Saint-Quentin-Fallavier, near the city of Lyon, in the south east of the country.
The murder is believed to have been accompanied by several explosions on the site cause by a terrorist igniting small ‘gas bombs’ that injured dozens of factory workers.
It is believed the explosions may have intended to blow up the entire factory site but failed.
The murdered man’s head is understood to have been found 30 feet away from his body, hanging on the factory’s fence.
The dead man’s head was covered in Arabic ‘inscriptions’ before being placed on the fence, according to local journalists at the scene.
A 30-year-old man – named by French Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve as Yacine Sali who is understood to have been known to security services since at least 2006 – has already been arrested at the scene, telling police officers that he is a member of the Islamic State terror group.
The man is believed not to have a criminal record but was considered to have ‘possibly been radicalised’.
TERROR IN TUNISIA: SOUSSE MASSACRE COMES JUST THREE MONTHS AFTER 22 PEOPLE WERE KILLED IN BARDO MUSEUM ATTACK
This morning’s savage attack on a beach near two tourist hotels on the Mediterranean comes as Tunisia was just beginning to recover from the massacre of 22 people in March.
In that attack gunmen stormed the Bardo National Museum in the capital Tunis, firing indiscriminately in a brazen daylight raid.
Three jihadis opened fire on a bus load of tourists arriving at the museum before chasing them into the building and killing more, Prime Minister Habib Essid said at the time.
21 people were killed at the scene – including one Briton – while another person died 10 days later in hospital.
A further 50 people were injured in what is believed to be the worst terror attack in modern Tunisian history.
Two of the perpetrators, Yassine Labidi and Saber Khachnaoui, were killed at the scene of the attack, while the third identity is not yet clear.
Dozens of men have so far been arrested in connection with the attack, although many of them were detained on suspicion of helping to plan the massacre, rather than taking part.
Tunisian officials blamed the Bardo museum attack on a local terror group called the Okba Ibn Nafaa Brigade – an al-Qaeda offshoot that declared allegiance to DAASH/ISIS last September.
The British victim of the Bardo museum attack was mother-of-two Sally Adey, of Caynstall, near Shifnal, Shropshire.
The retired British solicitor died from wounds to her stomach and pelvis while on a stop off on a Mediterranean cruise with her 52-year-old husband Robert, who survived the attack and had to identify his wife’s body.
Photos of the suicide bombing inside the Imam Sadiq mosque in Kuwait and who announced the organization of the terrorist Daash Freemason responsibility for it.
SUICIDE BOMB RIPS THROUGH KUWAITI MOSQUE AFTER FRIDAY PRAYERS KILLING AT LEAST 13 WORSHIPPERS AS DAASH/ ISIS CLAIMS RESPONSIBILITY
At least 13 worshippers have been killed today after an Islamic State suicide bomber struck at a packed Kuwaiti mosque after Friday prayers.
Shocking photos show dozens of dead and wounded Muslims who were all observing the holy month of Ramadan in the ‘al-Imam al-Sadeq Shiite mosque’ in Kuwait City.
Witnesses said worshippers were standing shoulder-to-shoulder in group prayer when the bomb ripped through the building.
Aftermath: Mourners climb through the rubble and dust in the search for bodies after a suicide bomber killed 13 in Kuwait
The DAASH/ISIS-affiliated group in Saudi Arabia, calling itself Najd Province, said its militant ‘Abu Suleiman al-Muwahhid’ carried out the suicide bombing.
He was seen walking in to the back of the mosque during prayers, before walking among his victims and blowing himself up.
The group said the mosque was targeted because they believe it was spreading Shiite teachings among Wahhabi ‘Muslims’.
‘Najd Province’ claimed similar bombings against Shiite mosques in Saudi Arabia in recent weeks.
Last month, the group claimed two deadly bombings against Shiite mosques in Saudi Arabia, both of which took place during the weekly Friday prayers.
DAASH/ISIS has also claimed several such attacks against Shiites in Yemen, the last of which was just a week ago.
On 17 June 2015, it claimed five simultaneous bombings at Shiite mosques and offices in Sanaa that killed at least 31 people and wounded dozens. But Friday’s attack is the first of its kind in oil-rich Kuwait.
The official speaker of Ansar-Allah about the criminal bombing in Kuwait:
la publication de Mohammed Abdul-Salam.
The official speaker of “Ansar-Allah” about the criminal bombing in Kuwait…
On behalf of the great people of Yemen, who is running battle to liberate and cleanse our country from the scourge of pestalance and extremist groups, and addresses consciously and faith in the Saudi aggression American brutal announce the full condemnation of the criminal brutal bombing which targeted worshipers in the house of Allah, Msthtra campus of Allah in the Holy month of Ramadan, which occurred in Kuwait, and consider targeted the Islamic nation as a whole and to the brotherly people of Kuwait, and national unity, which is never separate from the criminal bombings of our country, and other countries in the region.
In the face of this dangerous phenomenon which threatens the whole region, the whole set on the edge of the Big Bang, we can not fail to note with surprise to the insistence of some people to do one thing and its opposite…
They are on the one hand claiming to fight terrorism, as she backed through its support of the Saudi aggression against our country, which is an aggression such as political and military cover for the criminal organizations of satisfaction.
It is our hope that these countries review their policies to make them consistent with its claims to fight terrorism and work to confront extremism and shipping sectarian, and sectarian ugliness and build bridges of love and brotherhood, and the unification of efforts, by taking advantage of peoples experience, which has made great strides in the fight against the scourge of pestalance
and move hard to keep the spirits of the nation of this tampering fueled by funds, governments and policies which have been exposed, through their very full compatibility with al-Qaeda (as it happens, and so we have seen in Yemen), where the Saudi and US aggression against al-Qaeda has been ‘in the ditch’ and presently they (USA /SAUDI ARABIA) are one front with al-Qaeda and one unified army, armed and funded and coordinated together with al-Qaeda.
باسم شعبنا اليمني العظيم الذي يخوض معركة تحرير وتطهير بلادنا من آفة التكفير والتكفيريين، ويتصدى بوعي وإيمان للعدوان السعودي الأمريكي الغاشم نعلن إدانتنا الكاملة للتفجير الإجرامي الوحشي الذي استهدف المصلين في بيت من بيوت الله مستهترا بحرم الله في شهر القرآن شهر رمضان المبارك والذي حدث في الكويت، ونعتبره استهدافا للأمة الإسلامية جمعاء وللشعب الكويتي الشقيق ، ووحدته الوطنية، وهو غير منفصل أبدا عن التفجيرات الإجرامية التي تعرضت لها بلادنا، وغيرها من دول المنطقة .
وإزاء هذه الظاهرة الخطيرة التي باتت تهدد المنطقة برمتها، وتضعها كاملة على حافة الانفجار الكبير، لا يسعنا إلا أن نشير باستغراب إلى إصرار البعض على فعل الشيء ونقيضه، فهي من ناحية تدعي محاربة الإرهاب، فيما هي تسانده من خلال تأييدها للعدوان السعودي على بلادنا، وهو عدوان مثل غطاء سياسيا وعسكريا للتنظيمات التكفيرية الإجرامية .
وأملنا أن تراجع تلك الدول سياساتها بما يجعلها منسجمة مع مزاعمها بمحاربة الإرهاب والعمل على مواجهة التطرف والشحن المذهبي والطائفي المقيت ومد جسور المحبة والإخاء، وتوحيد الجهود من خلال الاستفادة من تجربة الشعوب التي قطعت شوطا كبيرا في مكافحة آفة التكفير والتحرك الجاد للحفاظ على أرواح الامة من هذا العبث الذي تغذيه أموال وحكومات وسياسات باتت مكشوفة للغاية من خلال انسجامها التام مع عناصر القاعدة كما يحدث لدينا في اليمن حيث العدوان السعودي الامريكي وعناصر القاعدة في خندق واحد وجبهة واحدة تسليحا وتمويلا وتنسيقا .
Saint-Quentin-Fallavier, close to the city of Lyon in the south east of France
Armed police investigating French decapitation terror attack swoop on former home of suspected Islamist and remove woman and child after Yassine Salhi is accused of beheading his boss
- Shocking attack took place at the headquarters of American-owned Air Products close to Lyon in southern France
- A severed head covered in Arabic writing was then placed on the factory’s fence along with two Islamist flags
- Suspect then drove through factory gates, crashing into gas cannisters and causing blasts that injured onlookers
- Alleged killer has been named as father of three Yassine Salhi, 30, with the victim believed to be his employer
- The company both men worked for is understood to have regularly delivered to the Air Products factory
- Delivery driver’s wife later claimed that Salhi was a ‘normal Muslim’ who left for work as usual at 7am today
Four people are in custody in connection to a beheading and explosion at a gas factory in south-eastern France – and police are still searching buildings for evidence.
Heavily armed police investigating this morning’s brutal terror attack in France have removed a woman and child from the home of Yassine Salhi – the suspected Islamist accused of beheading his boss and trying to blow up the American-owned gas factory.
He was known to factory personnel because he came in regularly for deliveries, Paris Prosecutor Francois Molins said.
Police swooped on the apartment building in Saint-Priest, in the suburbs of the city of Lyon, just hours after the 30-year-old delivery driver was arrested on suspicion of writing Arabic slogans on his employer’s severed head and hanging it on a fence outside the nearby headquarters of Air Products.
Salhi is accused of going on to crash his Ford Fusion delivery van through the factory’s gates before ramming it into several large gas cannisters left in the car park – apparently in the hope they would explode and destroy the entire factory complex.
The explosions were relatively small, however, leaving just two factory workers with non life-threatening injuries.
The murdered man – who French media say owned the delivery company Salhi worked for – is believed to have been killed elsewhere before his corpse was dumped at the factory site in Saint-Quentin-Fallavier and his head impaled on a fence 30 feet away surrounded by homemade Islamist flags.
Speaking before the raid on her home, Salhi’s wife described her husband as a ‘normal Muslim’ who left for work as usual at 7am this morning. ‘My heart stopped when I heard he was a suspect….I expected him this afternoon,’ the unnamed woman told French radio station Europe 1.
Salhi – who is understood to have been known to security services since at least 2006 – reportedly told arresting officers that he is a member of the Islamic State terror group. He is believed not to have a criminal record and an investigation into his ‘possible radicalisation’ was dropped in 2008.
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Sickening: The victim’s head (which MailOnline has chosen to disguise in this image) was found hanging on a fence near the factory’s entrance. Two homemade Islamist flags – one white and one black, both with Arabic inscriptions – were found alongside it
Terror raid: French special forces escort an unidentified woman and child as they leave Yassine Salhi’s apartment building today
Special forces from France’s Research and Intervention Brigades leave Yassine Salhi’s home with an unidentified woman today
A French special forces officer gestures as police escort a woman from a residential building during the raid in Saint-Priest
Special forces working for France’s Research and Intervention Brigades enter Yassine Salhi’s apartment building this afternoon
Murder scene: The murdered man’s head is understood to have been found 30 feet away from his body, hanging on the factory’s fence. The dead man’s head was covered in Arabic ‘inscriptions’ before being placed on the fence, according to local journalists at the scene
Under cover: French police cordon off the area where the decapitated body was found at the Air Products headquarters
Location: The attack took place in Saint-Quentin-Fallavier, close to the city of Lyon in the south east of France
President Hollande: Attack in France is of ‘terrorist nature’
French President Francois Hollande, speaking in Brussels, said the attack began when a car crashed through the gate of the factory and ploughed into gas canisters, setting off an explosion.
‘No doubt about the intention – to cause an explosion,’ Mr Hollande said, calling the attack ‘of a terrorist nature’.
The victims’ head was found staked on a gate at the factory’s entrance, in what appeared to be an echo of the Islamic State group’s practice of beheading prisoners and displaying their heads for all to see.
An official said two flags – one white and one black, both with Arabic inscriptions – were found nearby. Images from the scene suggest the banners may have been homemade and written using paint.
At a press conference this afternoon, Cazeneuve named the arrested man as Yassine Salhi.
‘He was investigated in 2006 for radicalisation, but [the probe] was not renewed in 2008. He had no criminal record,’ he added. ‘This individual has links with the Salafist movement, but had not been identified as having participated in activities of a terrorist nature.’
A local newspaper is reporting that the unnamed dead man was Salhi’s boss and that their company regularly delivered to Air Products.
Before this afternoon’s raids at her home, an unnamed woman claiming to be Salhi wife has since spoke to the Europe1 radio station.
‘I don’t know what happened, he left to go to work as normal,’ she said.
She said he was a delivery driver who left, as normal at 7am. ‘My heart stopped when I heard he was a suspect,’ she added. ‘He went to work this morning at 7am. He does deliveries. He did not return between noon and two, I expected him this afternoon.
‘My sister said turn on the television. She was crying… I know my husband. We have a normal family life. He goes to work, he comes back…We are normal Muslims. We do Ramadan. We have three children and a normal family life.’
Anti-terror police subsequently took the woman and her three children out of the apartment block in Saint Priest where she has been living with Salhi for the past six months.
Police begin to cordon off surrounding area of terror attack
Press conference: French Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve (pictured) named the arrested man as father-of-three Yassine Salhi, who is understood to have been known to security services since at least 2006
The attack was accompanied by several explosions caused by ‘gas bombs’ being ignited at the site, causing many of the injuries
Chaos: The attack took place at the headquarters of Air Products, in Saint-Quentin-Fallavier, near Lyon, in the south east of the country. Local media reported that a 30-year-old man ‘known to security services’ has already been arrested at the scene
Lockdown: Local media reported that a 30-year-old man ‘known to security services was arrested at the scene. Salhi is understood to have told arresting officers that he is a member of the Islamic State terror group
A French Gendarme blocks the access road to the Saint-Quentin-Fallavier industrial area, near Lyon in southern France
On alert: Heavily armed police officers were seen guarding the site of this morning’s shocking terror attack
Investigators: Witnesses said that more than one man was involved in the attack and that the perpetrators were carrying Islamist flags
France’s prime minister later branded the attack ‘Islamist terrorism,’ announcing he was cutting short a visit to South America to deal with the crisis.
‘Islamist terrorism has hit France again,’ Manuel Valls told a press conference in Colombia’s capital Bogota, adding that he would take part by telephone in an emergency meeting called by President Francois Hollande, then rush back to France.
Within an hour of the attack, French President Francois Hollande was to return home early from an EU summit.
Speaking at a press conference in Brussels shortly afterwards, Hollande said a man who launched a ‘terrorist’ assault on a gas factory Friday has been identified and that there may have been a second attacker. Local media reported that a second terrorist has since been arrested.
‘This attack was in a vehicle driven by one person, perhaps accompanied by another,’ Hollande added. ‘The individual suspected of committing this attack has been arrested and identified.’
Local newspaper Dauphine Libere is reporting that a second person has now been arrested, believed to be the man who drove the Ford Fusion ‘preview’ car around the factory this morning before the attack.
Investigators are working to establish the full details of the attack but is widely thought that the explosions were intended to have a far bigger impact than causing several dozen injuries, and may have been intended to blow up the entire Air Products headquarters.
Salhi had a ‘link’ to Salafist movement, Cazeneuve said but was not implicated in any terrorist activities. The Salafi movement is a group within Sunni Islam, which is often associated with literalist approaches to Islam.
He said a ‘fiche S’ was opened on the attacker in 2006 for radicalisation. A ‘fiche S’ for which the S stands for ‘Sûreté d’etat’ basically means he had been identified as a possible danger and should be watched.
The file was not renewed in 2008, however, meaning authorities no longer considered him a risk. Cazeneuve also said the man named as Yassine Sali had no criminal record. He added that the suspect is believed to be father of three children.
He was known for links to extremism but not identified as a high risk who would carry out an attack, says Cazeneuve.
One decapitated in suspected terror attack on French factory
ATTACK AT AIR PRODUCTS HEADQUARTERS COMES JUST FIVE MONTHS AFTER CHARLIE HEBDO MASSACRE
The attack comes five months after three Islamist gunmen killed 17 people in coordinated terror strikes across Paris.
The victims, including journalists and police, were killed in three days of violence, including a mass shooting at the weekly magazine Charlie Hebdo, known for its satirical attacks on Islam and other religions.
The attackers, two French-born brothers of Algerian origin, singled out the magazine for its publication of cartoons depicting and ridiculing the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH).
The bloodshed ended on 09 January 2015, with a hostage-taking at a Jewish supermarket in which four hostages and the gunman were killed. The terror chief behind the murders was killed in a drone attack in Yemen earlier this month.
Nasser al-Wuhayshi was once a loyal deputy to Osama Bin Laden, the terrorist mastermind behind the 9/11 attacks on the USA in 2001.
Last month, the senior AQAP commander who admitted responsibility for the Hebdo attacks was also blasted to death by a drone.
Nasr al-Ansi caused outage in January when he gloated over the murders by France-born Islamists.
Two of them – brothers Said and Cherif Koachi – both said they were working for AQAP.
The Kouachi brothers and a third terrorist, Amedy Coulibaly, were themselves killed by police following sieges which also saw four Jewish people shot dead in a Kosher supermarket in eastern Paris.
Al-Ansi, who was also close to the late terror chief Osama Bin Laden, had called for more attacks in countries including Britain, America and France saying ‘lone-wolf’ attacks were ‘better and more harmful’.
Emergency personnel work at the scene of a suspected Islamist attack, outside a factory in Saint-Quentin-Fallavier in southern France
French Prime Minister Manuel Valls ordered heightened security measures Friday at ‘sensitive sites’ near the gas factory that was attacked in eastern France
The president of Air Products – an American owned company that is understood to have recently signed a large contract with Saudi Arabia – is an Iranian Shia Muslim named Seifi Ghasemi (pictured)
Iran is known to support the regime of President Bashar al-Assad in Syria – the sworn enemy of the Islamic State terror group.
There remains a great deal of confusion over the exact sequence of events at the factory., which belongs to Air Products – a US chemical company based in Allentown, Pennsylvania.
The company would not confirm whether any employees were injured or killed.
‘Our priority at this stage is to take care of our employees, who have been evacuated from the site and all accounted for,’ the company said in a statement.
‘The site is secure. Our crisis and emergency response teams have been activated and are working closely with all relevant authorities.’
The company added that all its employees are accounted for after an attack on a factory in southwestern France. It has not confirmed whether its staff were among the two people reported injured and one dead.
It released a statement that all employees have been evacuated from the site, which is secure.
It says ‘our crisis and emergency response teams have been activated and are working closely with all relevant authorities.’
French Prime Minister Manuel Valls ordered heightened security measures Friday at ‘sensitive sites’ near the gas factory that was attacked in eastern France.
Valls, who is on an official trip to South America, asked Cazeneuve to head to Saint-Quentin Fallavier, the site of the attack, the premier’s entourage said.
PROFILE: SEIFI GHASEMI – THE IRAN-BORN PRESIDENT OF AMERICAN-OWNED AIR PRODUCTS
Born in Iran in 1944 and a US citizen since 1982, Ghasemi attended the Abadan Institute of Technology where he obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in General Engineering. He then moved to the United States where he received his Masters degree from Stanford University in California.
After conducting research in Fluidics at Stanford, he was employed by the Lear Motor Company before a three year spell as assistant professor at the University in Tehran. In 1974 Ghasemi joined the newly formed National Iranian Steel Industries Company, and three years later became executive director.
In 1979, he emigrated to the United States where he joined BOC’s Carbon Division. He moved to its US gases business in 1987, becoming its president in 1993. In June of this year, Ghasemi added to this role world-wide responsibility for the Group’s Process Plants business.
Ghasemi is Vice Chairman of the Compressed Gases Association and on the Board of Directors of the National Petroleum Refiners Association. He has one son, Robert, and lives in Gladstone, N.J., with his wife Ellen. His outside interests include running, skiing and opera.
The BOC Group, the parent company of BOC Gases, is a world leader in industrial gases, health care, vacuum technologies and distribution services. The BOC Group operates in more than 60 countries with sales last year of 5.27€ billion.
Blocked: French police secure the entrance of the Air Products company in Saint-Quentin-Fallavier, near Lyon this morning
Barrier: A French Gendarme blocks the access road to the Saint-Quentin-Fallavier industrial area following the terror attack
Scene: France has been on its highest security alert ever since the Paris attacks and according an internal security services source ‘all the signals in recent weeks have been pointing to red for an attack of this nature occurring in the national territory’
The murdered man’s head is understood to have been found 30 feet away from his body, hanging on a fence
The Mayor of Bordeaux, Alain Juppé, took to Twitter to condemn the attacks.
‘The terrorist threat is at a maximum’, he wrote, adding that France ‘must make every effort to protect its citizens’.
British Prime Minister David Cameron expressed his sympathies over the incident to French President Francois Hollande.
The two leaders spoke in Brussels, where they are attending a European Council summit.
A Downing Street spokeswoman said: ‘He expressed his sympathies for what looks like an appalling incident.
‘Details are still emerging, so we wait to see those. But it clearly looks an extremely concerning situation and our thoughts are with all those affected by it.’
The Government’s emergency Cobra committee will meet this afternoon following terror attacks in France and Tunisia, David Cameron said as he offered ‘our solidarity in fighting this evil of terrorism’.
France has been on its highest security alert ever since the Paris attacks and according to the Dauphiné Libéré, an internal security services source said that ‘all the signals in recent weeks have been pointing to red for an attack of this nature occurring in the national territory.’
Ambassador Walibi pro RAT Brotherhood ‘National Congress’, was expelled from Russia.
Salute to Russians!
(“The quake compassionate”)
“Not for the fierce attack on the Arab world from the West” a ajouté 2 nouvelles photos:
Brotherhood people of heresy and error for this disbelieve and lah of Arabs and ‘Muslims’ is ! ?
When we go back to fatwas atonement Brotherhood otherwise and ordered the heads of these nation beginning Commander
‘Muammar al-Qathafi’ and the president ‘Bashar al-Assad’ and finally President ‘Abdel Fattah Sisi’, we find that we are facing a systematic goals to overthrow the symbols and leaders of the nation to free arena for the Zionist invasion of the ‘Muslim’ Brotherhood.
The fall of leaders and heads of state ,and its institutions fall, and this is dependent upon the chaos and strife and emerging star of terrorism, systematic to tarnish the image of Islam and Muslims and all this necessarily is in the interests of their masters
and how they did it from prepared with the West on Libya in 2011, and were aided by NATO and America to destroy the Libyan state not just to topple the only Jamahiriya system. And prepared B-Melcaat Brotherhood terrorist criminal on the ground and still mosaicism al-Libya people horrors.
Turning to Syria also prepared with the West on the country’s Arab Muslims
And Melcaat Daash Brotherhood; and the same mechanism Vohlkua crops and cattle and destroyed the country
and went on the corruption…
and finally Egypt Bogramhm targeting and terrorizing B.Melcaat Mataraf house Holy Brotherhood DAASH to target the children of armed forces and the police (a safety valve to any country).
Is all this a coincidence !! Of course both this measure of an arbitrator NATO Zionist Brothers intimidating the West and alienate our country
and this is not surprising because they are involved in treason since their presence as an ideology out of the top of the greatest Hassan al-Banna.
I think that the vision has made clear to all of us why Kafr Brothers and above the Arabs and the Muslims, and called out for them to bloodshed and the violation of the symptoms and capabilities of this nation, to discredit her and Islam, we must understand the war against Islam, not people of the year as they claim !! ..
I swear never know in the course of the Companions and the Holy Prophet (PBUH) “Allah bless him.”
How can this attribute themselves, that they are the first generation of the Companions of Allah, and this extreme insult the Companions and Islam ..
الأخوان أهل بدعه وضلال لهذا كفروا ولاه أمر العرب والمسلمين!!
عندما نعود لفتاوي التكفير الأخوانية لولاه أمر ورؤساء هذة الأمة بداية بالرئيس والقائد
(معمر القذافى) والرئيس (بشار الأسد) وأخيرا الرئيس(عبدالفتاح السيسى) نجد أننا أمام أهداف ممنهجة للأطاحة برموز وقادة الأمة لتخلو الساحة للغزو الأخوانى الصهيونى
بسقوط الزعماء والرؤساء تسقط الدولة ومؤسساتها وهذا ما يعولون عليه لتعم الفوضى والأحتراب ويبزغ نجم الارهاب الممنهج لتشوية صورة الاسلام والمسلمين وكل هذا بالضرورة يصب فى مصالح اسيادهم وكيف لا وهم من أستعدوا بالغرب على ليبيا فى 2011 وأستعانوا بالناتو وأمريكا لهدم الدولة الليبية لا للأطاحة بالنظام فحسب. وأستعدوا بملشيات الأخوان الأجرامية الأرهابية على الأرض ولازالت تزيق الشعب الليبيى الويلات وبالأنتقال الى سوريا أستعدوا أيضا بالغرب على بلاد المسلمين العربية
وملشيات داعش الأخوانية وبنفس الآليه فأهلكوا الحرث والنسل ودمروا البلاد وعاثوا فيها الفساد وأخيرا يستهدفون مصر بأجرامهم وأرهابهم بملشيات ماتعرف ببيت المقدس الأخوانية الداعشية لتستهدف أبناء القوات المسلحة والشرطة صمام الامان لأى دولة فهل هذا كله مصادفة !! بالطبع كلا هذا تدبير محكم من
الحلف الصهيو أخوانى الذى يستقوى بالغرب ويستعدى على بلادنا وهذا ليس بغريب لانهم ضالعين فى الخيانة منذ تواجدهم كفكر خرج من رأس كبيرهم حسن البنا .
اعتقد أن الرؤيا قد وضحت لنا جميعا لماذا كفر الأخوان ولاه أمر العرب والمسلمين ودعوا للخروج عليهم لسفك الدماء وأستباحة الأعراض والمقدرات لهذة الامة للنيل منها ومن الأسلام فهم حربا على الأسلام وليسوا أهل سنه كما يدعون!!.. فوالله لم نعرف أبدا فى سير الصحابة والنبى الكريم “صلى الله عليه وسلم” هذا فكيف ينسبون أنفسهم أنهم من الرعيل الاول من الصحابة والله هذة أسائة بالغة للصحابة والأسلام..
DISPLACED ‘BROTHEREHOOD’ ???
Official page Consulate General in Tunisia
‘Brothers’ displaced and displaced people and community living in Tunisia advise them to follow up on every page in order to reach you Maitalq you.
Room Zintan operations’:
On the occasion of the establishment of a ‘brigade of Tajourah and Fashlum sons’ who fur from hell ‘Dawn Libya’ and became ‘supporters of the Army and the legitimacy of the elected’ today…
We can only say that (the drug ‘Jack O Mitigua’)
The withdrawal of Misurata militias military from the
Batadha Aiwieshh area near the Tripoli airport.
Explosive ordnance bag in the corner just before the city and there are no injuries.
It was closed the coastal road from hand corner because of a quarrel between the family and the family of the children of the children of donkeys Ahanih.
Voices of shooting, a little while ago, in the city CORNER. Came out one family called Jodaem and of the Jardan prison of Hanish and Farrukh Farrukh Bnkurh. Rats have shut down the coastal road again, shooting random protesters who are against his release from prison.
Hätëm Khüwäÿlïdï, informs us:
“Libyan Army now in Sawani Bin Adam area, and achieves Antasrat; but is still locked in battle and victory comes only from Allah.
Khaled al-Sharif messages to the ‘angle’ started up, from his ‘prison’ quraters !
GREEN NAFUSA WESTERN MOUNTAINS:
‘Room Zintan operations’, comments:
‘Dawn Libya’ failed since its inception because it was based on the invalid.
It fell militarily because its members Artkpo heinous abuses.
Vousikm guys and myself and support ‘the Army Forces’.
Fear God and not to seek revenge and exposure of innocents and mute bogs (especially the sons of Zintan and al-Rajaban residents of the capital Tripoli); and who conscripts who to the worst reprisals, and also the sons and Rishvanh and Tajoura and Fashlum Otrko:
You are commanded by Allah, and Tokelau to him have sworn. We will win by Bokhalaguena, not Batadna …
قال #ابن_عثيمين : “الأعمال الصالحة والأخلاق الفاضلة والمعاملات الطيبة تفتح قلوب الأعداء أكثر مما تفتحه السيوف”٠
شرح الشافية الكافية ١/٢٠٢
CONCERNING the ‘ZINTAN PEACE INITIATIVE’:
قال #ابن_عثيمين : “الأعمال الصالحة والأخلاق الفاضلة والمعاملات الطيبة تفتح قلوب الأعداء أكثر مما تفتحه السيوف”٠
‘Abn osaman’ , said: “good deeds and good morals, good transactions and open the hearts of enemies rather than open it Swords” 0
Explain adequate healing 1/202
شرح الشافية الكافية ١/٢٠٢
‘Room Zintan operations’:
“Any dissension? We want peace with those who want either of you will not want war, we meet, but we are not dead and the candlelit ..ma This was a failure in your opinion this is your problem, my educated.”
To those who claim and have been selling vicious rumors that ‘Zintan has bee Paid-off.’
غرفة عمليات الزنتان a partagé la publication de Jamal al-Kafali.
Commission crisis in Zintan respond .. we have not received any amount and is just a number on paper.
Government spokesman .. is not the amount of money and exchange but have been adopted and apologize for the error it was believed that the amounts actually delivered commissions.
Thank you from me and continues being told the truth and asked for clarification Parts of God and all the best.
لجنة الأزمة بمدينة الزنتان ترد .. لم نستلم أي مبلغ و هو مجرد رقم علي ورق.
المتحدث بإسم الحكومة .. لم يتم صرف المبالغ المالية و لكن تم أعتمادها و يعتذر عن الخطأ فقد كان يعتقد أن المبالغ سلمت فعلا للجان.
شكرا لك من تواصل معي و أوصل الحقيقة و لبي طلبنا بالتوضيح وجزاه الله كل خير.
PICTURE: Beauful City, Racdalin and Ztun make happy treaty with ‘Libyan Army forces’
Picture: Crazied WAHHABI-Saudi soldiers fighting their way into the Qaboo Underground beneath the Grand Mosque of Mecca, 1979
An armed group raided the Bilal bin Rabah Mosque in Surman;
and the tearing down al-Abt, the Holy Qur’an and religious books !
NATO-bombing-of-Majer, Zliten, Libya 2011
Day 8 of the holy month of Ramadan marks the fourth anniversary of the massacre of Madjer that NATO committed against innocent people and children in the city of Zliten aggressive due to the shelling of the city
Oh God, have mercy on our martyrs and it let them roomy Jnatk
(“Knight and Men”)
YEMEN – SAUDI ARABIA:
Global Research E-Newsletter
[Conserver ce message en haut de votre boîte de réception]
The Ridiculous Nature of Saudi Intelligence: What the Saudi Cables Released by WikiLeaks Say and Don’t Say
By Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya
Global Research, 23 June 2015
WikiLeaks released the first batch of the so-called “Saudi cables” on 19 June 2015. By 22 June, a total of 61,214 of the documents were released online. More than half a million of these cables are in the hands of WikiLeaks.
The documents are believed to have been hacked from the Saudi Foreign Ministry in May 2015 by a group calling itself the Yemen Cyber Army as retaliation to the House of Saud’s war against Yemen.
In the Arab World there is great interest about the documents. The Lebanese newspaper Al-Akbar has also partnered itself with WikiLeaks to release the so-called Saudi cables, as it has with previous leaks. The Saudi cables, however, do not tell the world and Wikileaks readers anything new about Saudi Arabia.
The Buying Influence of Riyadh’s Petro-Dollar
The House of Saud has characteristically tried to buy influence. It wrongly believes that loyalty can be bought. Call them subsidies, grants, bursaries, or business contracts: they are all forms of bribery.
The documents released by WikiLeaks confirm that the House of Saud has used bribery as a major foreign policy tool by financing political figures in other countries—such as the pro-Israeli warlord Samir Geagea in Lebanon—and buying off individuals and organizations to secure its interests. This bribery includes co-opting and recruiting both Arabic and non-Arabic media outlets.
Additionally, the cables confirm that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been spying on its citizens abroad, closely following Saudi university students to see if they want changes in Saudi Arabia, watching dissidents, trying its hardest to handicap Iranian interests, destabilizing Iraq, helping the dictators of Bahrain, and using Saudi-financed media to sanitize its image and deceive Arab audiences. Again, none of this tells us anything new that we did not know about the Kingdom and its decadent rulers.
The House of Saud’s Information War
The documents depict the House of Saud as waging a perpetual and systematic campaign to influence and manage the media as part of a vulgar perception management strategy. Not only are Saudi-owned media outlets like Al Arabiya and Asharq Al-Awsat part of this, the Saudi Ministry of Culture and Information has been central to this policy of “buying influence” using the revenues from Saudi Arabia’s oil sales.
The Saudi cables show that Riyadh’s rulers have used a gradient strategy. The House of Saud’s media strategy starts with co-optation through bribery by what we can call “agents of influence.” Agents of influence can include diplomats, public relations firms, and lawyers. The House of Saud has teams of lawyers, consultants, and public relations firms constantly working for it and monitoring the media and the House of Saud’s public image at all times.
It is the task of the agents of influence to find and contact the media outlets reporting negatively about the House of Saud. In some cases the agents of influence find them and in others Saudi officials in Riyadh order the agents of influence to contact the third parties. The preliminary task of the agents of influence is to “neutralize” the negative reporting about the House of Saud. This is primarily done through bribery. Riyadh has paid for massive subscriptions of Arab newspapers in countries like Jordan, Lebanon, Kuwait, Syria, and Mauritania as a means of inducing the publications to self-censor themselves or to provide positive coverage about the House of Saud.
If bribery does not work then a strategy of “containment” involving slander is applied followed by a strategy of “confrontation” that involves litigation and sabotage. Both the containment and confrontation strategies of the House of Saud involve falsely planting stories under what is generally categorized as black propaganda. Aside from promoting the image of the House of Saud, co-opted media outlets are important for the strategies of containment and confrontation because they launch attacks on those targeted by the House of Saud. Targets have included Arab activists, Iran, Russia, Hezbollah, the newspaper Al-Akbar, and Syria.
The Obvious versus the Unmentioned
Again, it has to be noted that it widely known that bribery has been an important and central policy tool for the morally bankrupt Saudi princes. It also has to be emphasized that the information about the Saudi media strategy released by WikiLeaks is not a new revelation. These Saudi activities have widely been recognized.
Nevertheless, Saudi Arabia has reacted to the release of the cables by WikiLeaks by warning its citizens to refrain from reading the documents. Riyadh has emphasized that ignoring the documents is a matter of national security. It has also declared that the documents being released by Wikileaks are doctored fabrications without even providing one example.
What is missing from the Saudi cables that WikiLeaks released heretofore are any documents about the House of Saud’s support for al-Qaeda and the other armed gangs that are wreaking havoc inside Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq. This is important and noteworthy.
The Timing of the Release: Targeting Rapprochement between Moscow and Riyadh?
There are some very important questions to be asked and thought over about the Saudi cables. Are the release of the Saudi cables retaliation for Saudi aggression in Yemen or punishment for efforts by the House of Saud to exert itself independently from Washington? Why is the crisis in Syria and Saudi support for the foreign fighters ravaging Syria largely left out of the leaks? If Saudi involvement in the fighting in Syria was seriously mentioned in the cables released by WikiLeaks it could incriminate other countries, such as the US, Britain, France, and Turkey.
The release of the Saudi cables may hurt Saudi Arabia economically and weaken its media strategy, which will lead to both economic and political instability for the Kingdom as it increasingly fails to control more information about the House of Saud’s actions. Furthermore, the Saudi cables have been released on the eve of important talks and negotiations between Saudi and Russian officials that follow agreements and earlier talks between the Russian Federation and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum. The bilateral talks are set to consolidate a series of agreements made on cooperation and trade between the Kingdom and the Russian Federation that will help boost the besieged Russian economy that Washington is trying to crash. This is why it is important to think over the origins and motives of the Yemen Cyber Army and ask who is pulling its strings? Is a genuine Saudi adversary behind the Yemen Cyber Army or an unhappy ally that wants to prevent any rapprochement between Saudi Arabia and Russia?
One of the documents that is getting increasing focus is an agreement between Russia and Saudi Arabia to vote for one another to join the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva. Is it a mere coincidence that UN Watch decided to focus on this agreement to criticize Russia and even refers to it as a dictatorship in an article published by Hillel Neuer on June 21,2015? Conversely, UN Watch has remained silent about the multitude of similar agreements made by the US with the House of Saud and other dictatorships. What has UN Watch said about Bahrain or Gaza? Why does it oppose the Venezuelan government? In reality, the goal of UN Watch has been to use the United Nations Human Rights Council to further the interests of the US and Israel while it undermines the body for criticizing Israeli human rights violations. UN Watch even helped legitimize the war on Libya by NATO in 2011 and has pushed for a war with Syria. Now it is targeting Russia.
Although Riyadh could be manipulating Moscow for Washington, joint funds, space cooperation, nuclear agreements, investments, and arms deals all seem to be in the works. The last time Saudi Arabia made major deals with the Kremlin nothing came out of them, either because the House of Saud was toying with the Russians or due to orders being sent from the US to Riyadh.
The Ridiculous Nature of Saudi Intelligence
Another point that is worth mentioning is the unprofessional nature of the Saudi intelligence structure. This is not new information either, but it still worth mentioning. Reading the leaked documents it becomes very clear that the Saudi intelligence structure is sloppy, unsophisticated, and badly trained. The analyses made in the Saudi intelligence reports are ridiculous and even rely on both tabloids and unverified internet research from open sources.
A case in point is the Saudi intelligence report that mentions this author. As one of the subjects inside the initial batch of Saudi cables that WikiLeaks released, I took particular interest in looking over the Saudi intelligence memorandum that I was wrongly mentioned in as “Mahdi Nazemroaya Darius.” This particular Saudi intelligence memo relies on internet research to look at the background of myself and several colleagues who have pointed out how Saudi Arabia has supported terrorism and worked with the US and Israel in a destabilization campaign in the Middle East and North Africa.
Probably based on an assumption that I am of Iranian origin based on the name Darius, the memo ambiguously and wrongly speculates that I could “be working for Iran” without giving any context to what that could mean. The description of others are also all vulgar caricatures that simply refer to them as “anti-American” or “anti-Western.”
A Deficit of Critical Thinking in the Information Age
The type of misanalysis that is exemplified by Saudi intelligence analysts is increasingly endemic of intelligence services and the consultative firms that governments around the world, including in the United States, are increasingly relying on. In this regard, it is worth mentioning that this is actually the second time that I found myself mentioned in a document released by WikiLeaks; the first time was in 2013 when WikiLeaks released a hacked email about the possible whereabouts of Muammar al-Qathafi from the Texas-based intelligence consultation company Strategic Forecasting (Stratfor). Stratfor was also off. The Texas-based company mistakenly listed me as an employee of the Associated Press inside Libya during NATO’s bombing campaign while it was discussing the situation in the Rixos al-Nasr and making arguments based on association fallacies.
In regards to the Saudi intelligence memo, it is clear that no real efforts were made to do proper background checks outside of the internet. It makes one cynically ask if Saudi Arabia’s intelligence structure does much more than police the Kingdom’s local population and if it is the intelligence bodies of the US and other countries, including Britain and Israel, that are doing most the important intelligence work for Riyadh.
Looking over the documents released by WikiLeaks it becomes clear that they confirm what is already known about the House of Saud and that there is a serious problem of analysis in the organizational structures of Saudi Arabia. A lack of critical thinking is not a problem that money and bribery can solve either. With this type of mentality and lack of analytical thinking about the world, it is of little wonder that Riyadh got itself in a quagmire in Yemen. There, however, remain important questions about the motives for the release of the Saudi cables and about the background of the Yemeni Cyber Army.
At 2009 – 2010:
كان تأييد الله ورعايته لأنصاره وتمكينه لهم خلال الحروب الست مما يستحق التأمل والوقوف عنده ملياً وكان يشفي صدور المؤمنين ويطمئنهم ..
تشكلت لجنة قطرية للوساطة في الحرب السادسة وافق انصار الله مباشرة وذهب من جانب انصار الله مجموعة لتمثيل انصار الله رفضوا أن يتركوا السلاح الشخصي وصلوا في العاصمة صنعاء وطلب الامن القومي طرح وترك اسلحتهم فرفضوا وقالوا إما نواصل بأسلحتنا الشخصية او نرجع صعدة .. اضطروا للموافقة وذهبوا بسلاحهم للتفاوض ..
يظهر في الصورة ابو مالك يوسف الفيشي والاخ العزيز ابو معتز محمد محسن الفرح بالشعار والبندقية وإبتسامة الإنتصار … وكان معهم الاخ ضيف الله سلمان ..
فياتُرى هل سيعود ويتجدد هذا المشهد بالسلاح والشعار وإبتسامة النصر ..!
الإصلاحيين با يقولوا قد مع الحوثيين طائرات ..
A Qatari committee was formed to mediate in the sixth war and ‘Ansar Allah’ approved directly.
There were a group of ‘Ansar Allah’ to represent ‘Ansar Allah’ and they refused to leave the weapons. They arrived to the capital Sana’a and asked by the National Security to put up and leave their weapons but they refused and said either we continue with our personal weapons or we’ll go back to Saada ..
The government forced to agree and they went with their weapons to the negotiation.
Picture shows Abu Malik Yousef Vichy and dear brother Abu Moataz Mohammed Mohsen Al-Fareh with the flag (logo) and Venice and a smile of victory …
And they were with brother Salman Deif Allah ..
كان تأييد الله ورعايته لأنصاره وتمكينه لهم خلال الحروب الست مما يستحق التأمل والوقوف عنده ملياً وكان يشفي صدور المؤمنين ويطمئنهم ..
تشكلت لجنة قطرية للوساطة في الحرب السادسة وافق انصار الله مباشرة وذهب من جانب انصار الله مجموعة لتمثيل انصار الله رفضوا أن يتركوا السلاح الشخصي وصلوا في العاصمة صنعاء وطلب الامن القومي طرح وترك اسلحتهم فرفضوا وقالوا إما نواصل بأسلحتنا الشخصية او نرجع صعدة .. اضطروا للموافقة وذهبوا بسلاحهم للتفاوض ..
يظهر في الصورة ابو مالك يوسف الفيشي والاخ العزيز ابو معتز محمد محسن الفرح بالشعار والبندقية وإبتسامة الإنتصار … وكان معهم الاخ ضيف الله سلمان ..
فياتُرى هل سيعود ويتجدد هذا المشهد بالسلاح والشعار وإبتسامة النصر ..!
الإصلاحيين با يقولوا قد مع الحوثيين طائرات ..
THE LIFE OF MOHAMMAD (PBUH) THE PROPHET OF ALLAH
BY E. DINET and SLIMAN BEN IBRAHIM
A Writing-lesson at a village school devoted to the Teaching of the Qur’an.
Say: O my people! Act as ye best can: I verily will act my part, and hereafter shall ye know!
CHAPTER THE TENTH
THE MARCH OF ISLAM
At the very moment when fate had deprived Islam of its last prophet, the organisation of this renewed religion (handed down to the Ancient prophets consquetively, since Father Adam), the authentic Islamic Faith was was finally decively, definitively and meticulously arranged even in all its most humble practices, as set forth in The divine ‘Holy Qur’an’ (the only book left upon this planet authored by the CREATOR himself.
The soldiers of Allah had already conquered the whole of Arabia and the attack on the colossal empire of the Cæsars in Syria was begun. A short period of unrest, inevitable after the disappearance of the inspired guide, caused a few rebellions; but Islam was so strongly constituted, overflowing with such enthusiasm that it was about to astonish the world by its impressive forward march, unique perhaps in the annals of history.
For the first time, rushing forth from their country forsaken by Nature, the proud Arabs, stirred by the miracle of Faith, were about to become masters in less than a century of the best part of the old civilised world from India to Andalusia, and that despite their extreme numerical inferiority.
This marvellous épopée engrossed the mind of the most wonderful man of our time, Napoleon, who always manifested the most sympathetic interest in favour of Islam. During the Egyptian compaign, he declared that he was: “Muslimun Muwahhidun,” i.e. Unitarian Mussulman. (Bonaparte el l’Islam, by Ch. Cherfils.) Towards the end of his life, he returned to the subject: ‘He thought that apart from fortuitous circumstances, giving rise to miracles, there must have been something more than we know in the establishing of Islam; that the Christian world had been so remarkably cut into by the results of some first cause still hidden; that these peoples, perhaps, suddenly emerging from the desert depths, had endured long periods of civil war in their midst, during which great characters and talents had been formed, as well as irresistible impulses, or some other cause of the same kind.’ (Las Casas, Mémorial de Sainte-Hélène, iii, p. 183.)
Guessing, therefore, that beneath the slumber of Islam in decadence, there were incomparable reserves of energy, he tried, not once but often, to win it over by an alliance. If he succeeded, he deemed himself capable of awakening it and, by its aid, changing the face of the world.
Napoleon was not mistaken; civil wars had indeed exalted the heroic qualities of the Arabs, but they had made all organisation and progress impossible. Had it not been for the advent of Mohammad, these intrepid soldiers would have remained eternally in their deserts, solely absorbed by the obsession of hereditary feuds.
When Islam, abolishing pride of caste, birth, or race, made all Believers really brothers and endowed them with religious and poetical souls, based on equality, there was no exploit that these fiery-minded men, their hearts untamable, were incapable of performing. These treasures of combative energy, accumulated during centuries of civil war, were not the only means by which they overthrew so many peoples, all different and superior to them in culture at that epoch. The Arabs, likewise, had stored dream-treasures in their deserts, and these visions of an unpolished, though young people were about to be imposed on those peoples who, although educated, were old and worn-out.
We advise all those who may have doubts about the genius of the Arabs to look through a collection of photographs showing the edifices erected in every part of the countries they held in subjection. There is nothing more striking than the unity of type distinguishing these monuments from all other monuments in the world; and these buildings, with their remarkable family likeness, were set up in India, Turkestan, Persia, Syria, Turkey, Egypt, Barbary, Spain, etc., all countries essentially different and so peculiar, by reason of their characteristic genius, that the genius of Greece or Rome was never able to be grafted successfully.
The Arabs borrowed largely from those they conquered, often utilising their talent and even their muscles in order to build palaces and mosques; but Arabic dreams were thus always realised.
The exceptional originality of the Arab style resided in the fact that it was always imperiously guided by an art that was born at the same time as Islam. This art had no predecessors and offers us, as it were, the materialness of the Arabs’ ideal. It is the art of calligraphic decoration, applied to the glorification of the word of Allah, otherwise the verses of the Qur’an.
Even reduced to its own resources, this art of Arabic calligraphy is one of the most marvellous forms of decorative skill that has ever sprung from human imagination. It is perhaps the only science of ornament of which it may be said without exaggeration that it possesses a soul, for like the voice, it expresses thought. Owing nothing even to the most cultured parts of the outer world, its independence resembles that of music and seems like the stenography of the innermost beatings of the heart.
Look at the letters which spring swiftly and horizontally from right to left as if acting under the impulse of inward life. Then they whirl on their own axis in discreet or impassioned curves, and are next erect, coming to a sudden halt, fixed in perpendicular pride…. They soon start off again in their frenzied gallop, unrolling their flourishes, bestriding each other in delicious fantasy and causing the imagination to soar in wild dreams.
To follow the impulses of the reed-pen having traced these letters; and in order to enjoy the pure eminence of their form or the intense emotion of their curve, one need not be a past master of Arabic, or a subtile graphologist; any artistic mind can penetrate without any effort the secrets of their soul.
After having expressed the ideal of his nation with such perfection, the Arab calligrapher bent beneath his yoke—almost religious—everything that was destined to support or enframe it: architecture and other systems of embellishment, forcing them to yield to the sway of his shaping skill. Under this yoke, the heavy, hemispherical dome of Byzantium was improved by adopting the pure outline of the Saracen helmet. The curves of the commonplace arcade became those of the graceful ogive, or of the proud, far-extending arch. The vulgar towers were metamorphosed into elegant minarets, leaping towards the peaks of ecstasy.
Theological Students, in the Courtyard of Al-Azhar, the great Cairo Moslem University.
In short, the only system of decoration which, with the exception of Calligraphy, borrows nothing from Nature: geometrical ornament—from which the Greek and Latin races merely derived poor and frigid effects—became endowed with real life. Henceforward this decoration was significantly labelled as Arabesque and, following the example of its model, it tried skilfully to astonish the mind by straying in the midst of the most inextricable entanglements and unexpected transformations….
How precious are the creations of Moslem art! European amateurs nowadays outbid each other in golden offers for its vestiges, hoping through them to introduce into their homes a few gleams of the mirages that inspired their authors. Radiant stained-glass, variegated glassware, stuffs worked with gold or silver wire, sparkling silks, damaskeened, inlaid bronzes, exquisite miniatures in the dwellings of the West, do they not all sing the glory of Islam? Among all these treasures, connoisseurs already begin to prefer those of Calligraphy which animates the transcription of the divine verses by the delicate colouring of copies of the Qur’an, or of the thick enamel of earthware. By so doing, the buyers of Europe follow the example of Mussulman princes of the best epoch who, to possess a page of calligraphy by a celebrated artist, lavished madly as much money as is given in our time for masterpieces of painters. May not these sacred inscriptions, causing their new possessors to be thrilled with admiration by reason of the refined elegance of their form, reveal one day to their purchasers the sublime beauty of the Islamic soul lurking in these writings?
INFLUENCE OF MOSLEM CIVILISATION IN EUROPE DURING THE MIDDLE AGES AND THE RENAISSANCE
Even at a period when Europe was not inimically inclined towards Islam, it was dazzled by all its marvels and borrowed largely from the decorative and architectural genius of the Arabs. Deep research would soon prove that it owes much more to it than to Greek or Latin antiquity. Such a study would take us too far from our subject. We may, however, point out as a curious fact that, according to the historian Dulaure, Arab architects were employed in the work of building the Parisian cathedral of Notre Dame.
In the domain of science, the influence of the Moslems was just as fertile. To give an idea thereof, we cannot do better than summarise the opinion vouchsafed by Doctor Gustave Le Bon, in his remarkable work: La Civilisation des Arabes. (The Civilisation of the Arabs.)
“First of all, it must be acknowledged that it is to the Arabs that we owe entirely the idea of experiment and observation, the basis of modern scientific methods, overriding the authority of a master. This substitution is therefore not the work of Bacon, to whom it is generally attributed.
“After having established that the highest degree of science consists in giving rise to phenomena oneself and at will, the celebrated scientist Humboldt adds: “The Arabs reached to this height, which was almost unknown to the ancients.”
“The study of mathematics enjoyed overspread favour among the Arabs, and the progress accomplished in algebra metamorphosed that science to such an extent that its invention has been attributed to them. To them also are due the first application of algebra to geometry, and the introduction of tangents into trigonometry.
“Astronomy was passionately studied in their schools of Bagdad, Damascus, Samarcand, Cairo, Fez, Toledo, Cordova, etc., and their discoveries may be summed up in the following enumeration: introduction of tangents into astronomical calculation; construction of tables of planetary movement; strict determination of the obliquity of the ecliptic and of its gradual diminution; exact estimation of the procession of the equinoxes; and the first precise determination of the year’s duration. To them also we owe the ascertainment of the irregularities of the greatest latitude of the moon, and the discovery of the third lunar inequality, now called variation.
“In geography, the contribution of these bold travellers is most remarkable from a scientific viewpoint. They made those exact astronomical determinations which form the first foundation of cartography, and rectified the enormous errors of position committed by the Greeks.
“From the standpoint of exploration, they published accounts of travel which caused different parts of the world, scarcely suspected before them, to be known, and where no European had ever set foot. The sources of the Nile, running through the great equatorial lakes, are exactly set out on a map by Al-Idrisi, dating from the year 1160, and which were only discovered by Europeans during the second half of the nineteenth century.
“In physical sciences, the sum total of their discoveries is still more considerable. The following enumeration proves their importance: high attainment of knowledge in theoretical physics, especially in optics and in the creation of the most ingenious mechanical apparatus; discovery of the most fundamental bodies of chemistry, such as alcohol, nitric acid, sulphuric acid; and the most essential operation, such as distillation; application of chemistry to pharmacy and commerce, especially as regards the extraction of metals, the manufacturing of paper from rags, which they caused to take the place of parchment, papyrus, or Chinese silk-paper.
“They were probably the first to use the compass in navigation; at any rate, they certainly introduced this fundamental invention to Europe.
“To conclude: the discovery of firearms. In 1205, the Emir Yaqub resorted already to artillery at the siege of Mahdiyya; in 1273, the Sultan Abu Yusuf used cannons at the siege of Sijilmasa. In 1342, two Englishmen, Lord Derby and Lord Salisbury, were present at the siege of Algeciras, defended by the Arabs in the same way. These travellers, having witnessed the effect of gunpowder, took this discovery back to their country. It was through them that the English made use of it, four years later, at Cressy.
“In medical science, the Moslems followed Greek writers, and afterwards made most important progress. Nearly all the medical knowledge of Europe, at the epoch of the Renaissance, was borrowed from them. The remarkable progress they made in medicine, was in surgery; the description of maladies; materia medica; and pharmacy. They found out a quantity of methods, of which many—the use of cold water in typhoid fever, for instance—crop up again in modern times, after having been forgotten for centuries.
“Materia medica owes them numerous medicines, such as: cassia, senna, rhubarb, tamarinds, camphor, alcohol, ammonia, etc. They were the true creators of pharmacy. Most of the preparations still in use nowadays are due to them: syrups, emulsions, pomades, ointments, distilled water, etc.
“Surgery also owes fundamental progress to the Arabs. Their work served as a basis for the teaching of Faculties of Medecine until quite recently. In the eleventh century of our era, they knew the treatment of cataract by the lowering or the extraction of the crystalline; lithotrity; the treatment of hemorrhage by irrigations of cold water; the use of caustics; setons; and cauterization by fire. Anesthesia, of which the principal discovery is supposed to be modern, seems to have been known to them. As a matter of fact, they speak favourably of the use of tare before undertaking painful operations, so that the patient may be put to sleep until “loss of consciousness and feeling” supervenes.
“They had, likewise, implicit confidence in hygiene in medical treatment, and placed great reliance on the resources of Nature. Expectant medecine, which, at the present time, seems the last word of modern science, reasons exactly in the same way.” (Dr. G. Le Bon, La Civilisation des Arabes.)
In the domain of ideas, the influence of the Moslems had perhaps still more valuable consequences. Jesus preached equality and fraternity, but Mohammad was lucky enough to realise both among the Believers during his lifetime.
It would be absurd to maintain that his direct example served to guide the French Revolution which was not inspired by much of his levelling works. Nevertheless, the first attempts of this enfranchisement of ideas and the organisation of modern society on a new basis—and of this there is ample proof—resulted logically from his doctrines. Honour is due to a Mussulman philosopher, Ibn Rushd, or Averroes, who lived in Spain from 1120 to 1198, for being the first to introduce freethought—not to be confused with atheism—into Europe.
Averroes opposed the pure deism of Islam to mythological pantheism and Christian anthromorphism, and his ‘Commentaries of Aristotle,’ although vividly coloured with Mussulman tints, impassioned all independent minds in medieval Europe. Averroism, born of this enthusiasm, may be justly considered not only the precursor of Reform, but also the father of modern Rationalism.
The influence exercised by Mussulman customs over those of Europe was equally healthful. The Arabs joined most chivalrous manners to extreme religious tolerance.
“It was among the Arabs of Spain that the knightly spirit arose, and which was afterwards appropriated by the warriors of the North, as if it was a quality inherent in Christian nations,” declares the celebrated Spanish writer Blasco Ibanez, in his novel: Dans L’Ombre de la Cathédrale. (In the Shadow Of the Cathedral.)
In this connection, we can again quote Dr. Le Bon:
“Like Christian chivalry, which came later, Arab chivalry had a code of its own. No man was worthy to be a knight unless he possessed the following qualities: kindness, valour, amability, poetical talent, eloquence, bodily strength, skill in horsemanship, and cleverness in handling spear, sword and bow….
“In 1139, the Wali of Cordova having laid siege to Toledo, belonging to the Christians, Queen Berengaria, shut up in the city, sent him a herald to bid him take notice that it was unworthy of a brave, gallant and generous knight to attack a woman. The Arab general retired forthwith, asking as sole favour, to be allowed the honour of saluting the Queen….
“The Arab chronicles of Spain are full of stories of the same kind, proving how wide-spread were these knight-errant-like qualities; and a very religious learned man, Barthélemy St. Hilaire, admits most loyally how greatly European customs are indebted to them. In his book on the Qur’an, he says: “Through having intercourse with the Arabs and copying them, the boorish barons of the Middle Ages toned down their rough habits; and the knights, without lessening their bravery, became cognisant of more delicate, noble and humane sentiments. It is doubtful whether Christianism alone, despite its benevolence, would have inspired them with these feelings.”
“The reader may perhaps ask why, under these conditions, the influence of the Arabs is so unappreciated in our day by learned men who, by their intellect, seem far above all religious prejudice. That is because independence of opinion is more apparent than real, and we are not at all free to think as we like about certain subjects. The hereditary prejudices professed by us against Islamism and its disciples have accumulated during too many centuries not to have become part and parcel of our organism….
“If we join thereto other prejudices also hereditary, and increased in each generation by our detestable classic education: that all sciences and literature of the past spring solely from Greeks and Romans, we can easily understand that the great influence of the Arabs in the history of European civilisation is generally slighted.
“In certain minds, it will always seem humiliating that it is owing to the Moslems that Christian Europe shook off barbarism….” (Dr. Gustave Le Bon, La Civilisation des Arabes.)
What caused Islam to fall so rapidly, after having, during the eight centuries of its domination in Spain, placed that country not only at the head of occidental civilisation, but also causing it to shine quite as brilliantly from Delhi and Bokhara, as far as Constantinople and Fez?
The first cause may be found in the non-observance of the strictly levelling principles that the Prophet had so much trouble to establish while he lived, and which were the motives of his successes and of those of the first Caliphs. One example will serve to show how rigorously these principles were applied in the beginning: “A rich, powerful, and proud monarch, Jabala, newly converted, struck violent blows in the face of a poor Bedouin, who had accidentally pushed against him while he was performing his devotions round the Ka’bah. Without bringing into account the rank of the delinquent, or the danger of estranging such an important personage, the Caliph Umar thought that, for the honour of the future of Islam, equality in the eyes of law and justice should override all other considerations, and he condemned King Jabala to undergo, at the hands of the humble Bedouin, the same chastisement as had been inflicted on him.”
With such strict principles, no one could possibly be proud of anything but his personal merit; and emulation gave birth to miracles for the greater good of Islam. No men were chosen as chieftains except those who deserved that honour, and once elected, they were blindly obeyed because they were sincerely admired and respected.
Unfortunately, the complete observance of this master-thought of the Prophet turned out to be ephemeral, and already under the rule of Usman, the third Caliph, aristocratic prejudices began to regain their evil influence. In vain Mohammad had said to his beloved daughter, Fatimah-tuz-Zahra: ‘Work, and reckon not that it sufficeth for thee to be the Prophet’s daughter;’ the sons of most unimportant people despised their Mussulman brothers of more lowly origin, and thought that their social rank exempted them from making those efforts without which no progress can be realised. Moreover, rivalry between folks more proud of their forbears than of their own works, gave rise again to fractricidal struggles, as ruthless as in the past; and with them, the disorganisation and general anarchy which had paralysed the Arabs of pre-Islamic times. Having lost all taste for study; separated and exhausted by incessant civil wars, the Moslems were only able to offer puny resistance to the Christians, who dreamt of revenge and had profited by these dissensions to organise themselves.
In the past as in the present, Islam might have avoided the greater part of its misfortunes if it always remembered this last adjuration of the Prophet in his sermon of the Valedictory Pilgrimage: ‘Never forget that each Mussulman should be a true brother to every other Mussulman!’
The second cause of its decline arose from one of the primordial qualities of Islam. The conformity of its dogma, almost entirely devoid of supernaturalism, to the exigencies of reason, was at first inestimably advantageous for science which remained free from the hindrances of superstition. This suffices to explain the rapid rise of its civilisation. But the Moslem mind had gradually been lulled, being satisfied with the magnificent results attained by the enthusiasm reigning in the first centuries of the Hegira. Henceforth, it was at the mercy of animal passions and fetishism, in certain newly-conquered countries. The cult of Saints and Intercessors, “Awliya,” or “Murabitun,” borrowed from the Christians and so strictly forbidden by the Qur’an, took the place of the cult of Science and, by its gross superstitions, barred all progress. Philosophers like Averroes, tried to struggle, but it was too late; the evil was too deeply rooted among the masses who called these enlightened men ungodly, and demanded that they should be put out of favour….
These two causes of decay are ancient, and contradict the real doctrine of the Qur’an. On the other hand, there is one, dating from the nineteenth century only, and which seems to be in accordance, if not with the spirit, at least with the letter of the Holy Book. It is that which results from the prohibition of any interest whatsoever being received for money lent.
“They who swallow down usury, shall arise in the Resurrection only as he ariseth whom Satan hath infected by his touch. This, for that they say, ‘Selling is only the like of usury’: and yet Allah hath allowed selling, and forbidden usury.” (The Qur’an, ii, 276.)
The excellence of this principle is unquestionable, and, until the last century, the slight inconveniences which might have troubled the Moslems in consequence of usury practised among them by Jews and Christians, were not to be compared with the advantages of this precept of the Qur’an. But at the present time, when credit is indispensable to all great undertakings and when bankers have become the real masters of the world, Islam, by adhering with exaggerated rigidity to the text of these verses, is momentarily reduced to financial and political ruin.
THE FUTURE OF ISLAM
Such, we think, rapidly summarised, are the three leading causes of the decline of Islam. Is there no remedy for this state of decay? Are the three hundred millions of Moslems spread over the surface of the globe, to be condemned to remain eternally in the sad situation established for them beyond the pale of modern civilisation? We think not.
For the two first causes, the remedy is simple: it consists in returning to the principles instituted by the Prophet. The remedy for the third is to be found perhaps in a less strict interpretation of the letter, but certainly in accordance with the spirit of the Sacred Text. Enlightened Moslems are fully aware of this and henceforward, they will take care not to confuse banking operations with the sordid usury condemned by the Prophet.
The wounds inflicted on Islam during the last century have at last awakened it from its lethargy. Its very defeats have shown the necessity of adopting the scientific method of its conquerors. Islam recalls to mind the words of the Prophet: “Go, seek for Science everywhere, even in far China. The benefits of Science are superior to the benefits of devotion. On the Day of Resurrection, the ink used by learned men and the blood poured out by martyrdom will be measured: neither shall be preferred.”
Renovators, men of genius, such as the celebrated Shaykh Abduh, have pointed out the right road to Islam, proving to Moslems that the teaching of Mohammad agrees with that of modern civilisation. Thereupon, myriads of young men have gone through courses of European study and show wonderful facility, without losing any part of their native originality; and, very soon, innumerable Moslems will take their places in the modern world without fear of any disparaging comparisons.
Does this mean that the empire of Islam, following the example of Japan, will regain its rank among great political Powers? Considering that the future of nations depends on the will of Allah, it is always presumptuous to predict it. Besides, political might is the most ephemeral of all; a few months are enough to overthrow the most formidable empires. Such power proves nothing as regards the vitality of a religion, and is not absolutely necessary for the subject we treat.
There are, indeed, conquests differing from those of armies. The imperialism of the Israelites, which disappeared centuries ago, has never given the slightest sign of a return movement and yet few peoples possess at present the power of the Jews. Persecution was for them the great educator, and nowadays, in all the nations of Europe and America, the Jews, thanks to their activity and intelligence, occupy the front rank. Why does not the same effect, due to the same cause—persecution—take place among the Moslems, who, for the most part, are first, cousins to the Israelites and who possess the advantage of numbers?
Objections are against the possibility of such a revival: Fatalism, Fanaticism, Polygamy. Let us examine them.
Can Mussulman fatalism fit in with a real effort on the road to progress?
If some criticisms are justified by the way in which fatalism is understood by certain followers of the Murabitun, it has never possessed the importance ascribed to it. Islam is not more fatalist than determinism, and it is still less than Christianism which adheres strictly to the letter of the following precepts of the Gospel: ‘Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on.’ (St. Matthew, vi, 25.)
Why then accuse fatalism of having paralysed all effects among the Moslems, when the Prophet was one of the most active, persevering and energetic men that the world has ever known; and when Islam is the only religion which, no sooner founded, was followed immediately by such a marvellous épopée and such splendid civilisation? The word “Islam” signifies “resignation to the decrees of Allah,” that is to say: to that which looks as if it could be mastered by energy and courage. “Say: O my people! Act as ye best can.” (The Qur’an, iv, 135.) Far from being the cause of weakness, such resignation becomes the source of incomparable moral strength for the Believer, fortifying him during the ordeals of adversity.
In their intercourse with civilised beings belonging to other religions, will not Moslems be stopped by the implacable and irreducible fanaticism of which they are accused? The main object is to see if this fanaticism is not one of the countless legends inimically invented during the Middle Ages. In order to permit the reader to form an opinion, here are some extracts chosen among thousands of the same kind.
According to Ibn Abbas, Ibn Jari said: “A man of the Banu Salim ibn Awf, named Al-Husayn, father of two sons who were Christians, whilst he was a Mussulman, asked the Prophet: “Ought I not force my children to embrace Islamism? They will have no other religion than the Christian religion!” Allah (may He be glorified!) thereupon revealed for this man the following verse: “Let there be no compulsion in Religion.” (The Qur’an, ii, 257.)
When the Christian ambassadors of the Hijr territory came to see the Prophet at Al-Madinah, he offered them half of his Mosque so that they might say their prayers therein. He rose to his feet one day, as a funeral procession went by, and when he was told that it was only a Jew’s burial, he replied: ‘Is it not a soul?’ He also said: ‘He who ill-treateth a Jew or a Christian will find me his accuser on the Day of Judgment. With ungodliness an empire may last; but never with injustice.’
Notwithstanding all legends, never, beyond the Hijaz, which means the sacred territory and its vicinity, did Moslems use force to obtain conversions. The Spanish Christians were never molested on account of their belief during the eight centuries of Mussulman domination. Many of them, indeed, occupied the highest posts at the Court of the Caliphs of Cordova. On the other hand, these same Christians, as soon as they became conquerors, immediately exterminated all Moslems without exception. The Jews, who had lived in peace under Arab rule, were treated in the same way.
In his Voyage Religieux en Orient, the Abbé Michon pays homage to truth by this exclamation: ‘It is a sad thing for Christian nations that religious tolerance, the great law of charity between the peoples, should have been taught by Mussulmans.’ (Quoted by Comte de Castries, in his book on Islam.)
What about the Armenian massacres? will be alleged against us. Our answer is that every time they have not been provoked by rebellions and conspiracies, they are condemned by all true Moslems just in the same way as the massacre of all the Moslems in Spain is condemned nowadays by true Christians.
But the Armenian massacres were never the outcome of religious causes, for never have the disciples of Mohammad thought of imitating the followers of Torquemada by forcing the Armenians to choose between conversion and death at the stake. Besides, Moslems do not lean towards proselytism. Strictly speaking, they have no missionaries, and if their religion, at the present day, is the one that causes the most conversions in Africa and Asia, it is, as A. Burdo justly remarks: ‘by a kind of moral endosmose.’ (Les Arabes dans l’Afrique Centrale.)
A good example, free from any proselytizing attempts, produces in religious souls a much more powerful impression than the importunities of cathechists. Despite his hostility to Islam and his partiality, the “savant” Dozy is obliged to acknowledge that In Spain, formerly: ‘it is a positive fact that many Christians became converted to Islam out of conviction.’
The rule of conduct of a Mussulman towards the followers of other religions is fixed by these words of the Qur’an: “To you your religions; and to me my religion.” (cix, 6.)
How can a Mussulman be intolerant, when he venerates alike the Prophets honoured by Jew and Christian? For him, Moses, who spoke with Allah; and Jesus, inspired by Allah, deserve the same veneration as Mohammad, the friend of Allah. “We make no distinction between any of His Apostles.” (The Qur’an, ii, 285.)
Never does any Mussulman dare to utter the slightest insult towards Jesus; never would he allow any to be uttered in his presence, even coming from the lips of people of Christian origin who consider Jesus to be responsible for sacerdotal errors. To insult Jesus would be to insult the Qur’an which orders Him to be revered. We were privileged once to witness the uncommon sight of a Mussulman condemned by a Christian judge for having struck a Jew who, in the presence of this disciple of Mohammad, had made outrageous remarks on the birth of Jesus.
Let us now compare the respectful attitude of the Moslems as far as Jesus is concerned, with the manner in which Europeans behave when Mohammad’s name is mentioned. In the Middle Ages, monks and troubadours represented him to be either some monstrous idol, or an incorrigible drunkard, fallen on a dung-heap and devoured by hogs. Hence, they pointed out, the repugnance of his disciples for swine-flesh. We should never be done if we tried to quote all that in former times sprung from the fertile imagination of Mohammad’s enemies.
The first Orientalists were no kinder. In the eighteenth century, Gagnier, a most learned man, after blaming the Abbé Maracci and Doctor Prideaux for their impassioned insults, speaks in his turn of Mohammad as ‘the most villanous of all men; the most deadly of Allah’s enemies; the idiotic Prophet,’ etc., whilst claiming to speak in guarded terms!
The companions of the Prophet have likewise not been spared from the earliest times. So that the barbarity with which Cardinal Ximenes burnt the marvellous libraries of the Moslems of Spain should be forgotten, many calumniators invented the famous legend of the conflagration of the libraries of Alexandria, by order of the Caliph Umar, thus fully showing the slanderers’ great disdain for chronology. These collections of books had not been in existence for several centuries when Islam was revealed to the world. The first library, that of Bruchium, containing four hundred thousand volumes, was destroyed by fire during the war of Cæsar against the Alexandrians; and the second, that of Serapeum, comprising two hundred thousand volumes, bequeathed by Antony, was completely pillaged in the reign of Theodosius.
These ridiculous legends are dying out gradually at the present day; and yet we prefer their candid fanaticism to the malicious calumny with which certain writers, still impregnated with medieval passionate partiality, try from behind a screen of Oriental science, to belittle one of the men who do the most honour, not only to history, but to the history of humanity.
After having adopted the modern civilisation of Christians, may not the Moslems conclude by adopting their religion as well? To answer this question, we need only quote the opinion of an author who, although a fervent Christian, acknowledges facts most loyally. In the course of a remarkable study of Islam, he writes:
“Islam is the only religion which has no recreants—It is very difficult, if not impossible, to form an exact idea of the spiritual state of a Moslem evangelized by a Christian. We can only imagine something very near it, by trying to realise in our minds the feelings of an enlightened Christian whom an idolater might be trying to convert to his gross, superstitious cult.” (L’Islam, by Comte Henry de Castries.)
Islam, in spite of its irreducibleness, offers Christians many proofs of its feelings of veneration towards Jesus. Therefore, whence comes the hatred with which the followers of Christ pursue Mohammad even in our present century of tolerance—not to say religious indifference?
Is it because of its Asiatic origin? Was not Christianism essentially Asiatic, before Saint Paul had stripped it of Jewish trappings? Jesus declared: ‘I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.’ (St. Matthew, xv, 24.) Is it because of its doctrine? The doctrine of Islam is almost the same as that of certain Protestant sects. Is it because of the remembrance of the Crusades? Despite the years that are past, this remembrance has still disastrous influence over many ignorant minds, but if that was all, it would not suffice to explain away the ostracism shown in Europe to Islam.
We must seek therefore some other cause, and we find it furnished by the example of the only religion really reviled and persecuted in the same way.
Mu’ammar al-Qathafi explicitly said that a man should have but one wife in this modern world. He says it is a misreading of the texts that proport polygamy. When a woman was impoverished in ancient times, and could not subside elsewise, the brother of the deceased husband was permitted to take her in as a ‘wife’. But this is not an excuse for our age. Under the ‘Third Universal Theory’ in practice (as it was in the ‘GREAT JAMAHIRIYA’), there is no hungry or poor. Circumstances and the welfare of the children, if there are young below the age of self-independence, is remedied also by a widow remarrying. (READ the “GREEN BOOK” and the ‘Great Universal Green Charter of Human Rights’ [12 JUNE 1988] ). A woman is a human being, with all the natural rights she is entitled to. She is not considered ‘property’ or a sex-slave*.
Tombs of the Khaliphs. Under their rule, Muslem civilisation enlightened the World.
Without taking other things into consideration, the needs of modern life render it also impraticable to have more than one wife. It has died out already, among civilised Muslems.
*:In a study on the future of the French colonies, Charles Dumas, writing about the Moslems, states: ‘No race can gain freedom when it condemns the half of itself (i.e. its women) to eternal bondage.’
What about the burka and the ‘wearing of the veil’ ? the wearing of a veil and semi-claustration as well, to which the WAHHABI women of Islam are subjected, must seem to be tokens of the most unbearable slavery. Mu’ammar al-Qathafi, in Libya, even banned the Burka. Besides, the wearing of the veil and claustration are in no wise religious obligations. The Verses of the Qur’an (xxxiii, 53, 55) by which these questions are supported, are solely aimed at the Prophet’s wives and not at those of all Believers, as might be deduced from the inexact translation of verse 55, by Kasimirski.
These practices were put in force many years after Mohammad’s death. Among them, we note Qasim Bey Amin, with his book: “Tahriru’l-Mirat” (“Woman’s Emancipation”); and Es Zahawi, the poet of Bagdad, who wrote a celebrated letter on the veil, and says: ‘Woman is the remedy of youth, the beauty of nature and the splendour of life. Without women, man is a sterile syllogism—he does not conclude!’ And then, relying on this verse: “And it is for the women to act as the husbands act towards them with all fairness.” (The ‘Holy Qur’an’, ii, 228), claims complete female freedom.)
We will conclude by quoting the words of one of the fair sex, al-Sitti Malika who, with the consent of her father, Hifni Bey Nasif, formerly professor at the University of Al Azhar, published a Qasida, terminating with this verse: ‘To unveil, if one is chaste, is no harm; and if one is not chaste, veils in excess offer no protection.’
At the same times as European queens of fashion have tried to acclimatise the Turkish veil (an OTTOMAN WAHHABI PRACTICE) in the West, perhaps at some future period, near or distant, the custom of wearing the veil may die out in the East. The example of the great misery reigning among sisters of the West, struggling for life in opposition to men, is also a corruption of the teachings of Allahof modern existence. The question is too delicate. We dare not come to a conclusion. After all, the interest and possibility of such reforms vary too completely, from one country to another, so that no general rule can be fixed.
But if we hesitate about passing judgment on the reforms we have just set forth, we acknowledge unreservedly, to make amends, that the education of woman is an imperious necessity for the future of Islam….And, Mu’ammar al-Qathafi set forth an education program for all living citizens, where statics showed more females graduating from higher University education than ‘males’.
Education has nothing to do with the above-mentioned customs. It is in agreement with all the principles of the religion, and during the period of Islamic splendour, was lavished on Mussulman femininity whose culture was superior to that of European women in those days.
During a certain number of years, many Mussulman women passed their leisure hours in educating themselves, and their new intellectual birth began to be generalised. From education alone, the evolution of manners and customs will proceed wherever it will be necessary, in the sense and proportions creating the least amount of trouble in the bosom of families.
Islam will appear to be what it really is: a religion essentially in conformity with the most modern needs and ideas, so much so that an Englishman, Oswald Wirth, was able to write: ‘I discovered, one fine day, that I was a Mussulman*2, without knowing it, like Monsieur Jourdain with his prose.’ In like fashion, Goethe, after having studied the principles of the Qur’an, declared: ‘If that is Islam, do we not all live in Islam?’
*2: In fact, all who acknowledge the One Living God, are ‘Muslim’ says Mu’ammar al-Qathafi. It was handed down as the one true faith since the earliest of man’s origins by the Holy Prophets.
Very soon, no one will venture to give credence to the childish legends perpetuated since the Crusades, and Islam will at last claim to take its place in the van of modern civilisation….
Napoléoné Bonaparté acknowledged being ‘Muslim’; and saw it as the sole Salvation and hope for Mankind’s future of happiness, as wished by our Creator.
We were writing the concluding lines when suddenly the most formidable conflict ever know in history broke out in Europe, and thousands of Muslem soldiers, descendants of the warriors of Poitiers, immediately invaded the whole of France.
This time, they came not as conquerors, but as friends; as brothers-in-arms, summoned by the Allies to take part in this gigantic struggle on which depends the fate of civilisation. Their traditional heroism has been admired by all. The French soil is riddled by thousands of their graves, thereby they have implanted Islam for ever in the heart of Europe, in the most glorious way; and a strong contingent of the Prophet’s disciples is now in European territory.
(ABOVE PICTURE): Mu’ammar al-Qathafi’s vision of a ‘Muslim’ Europe
After such services rendered, it will be churlish to refuse them the freedom of the city, so to speak, that we have already claimed on their behalf. We go further and ask if it is admissible to think that their example, dealing the last blow at the imputations of the past, may give some Europeans food for fresh reflexion?
Undeceived by the failure of integral rationalism, many anxious minds seek new paths. “The modern system of intuition, towards which they hurry, following Bergson, its celebrated defender, represents decided reaction against rationalism, or to be more exact, against the powerlessness of rationalism….
“In the hearts of men hungering after faith, this eminent thinker has caused the aspirations they seem to have lost definitively to be born anew. He allows them to hope for the survival of the soul; he tells them that this world is not a great mass of machinery driven by blind forces and that intelligence is not the only formula of our senses….
“In affirming all this, the illustrious philosopher is perhaps confining himself to the task of reviving ancient illusions; but he has awakened them so that we may hear; and at a moment when they may serve to prepare the elements of a new religion, needed by many men.” (La Vie des Vérités, by Dr. Gustave Le Bon.)
Such a movement is irresistible, especially after the sanguinary ordeals we have undergone. We are therefore about to witness the efforts of new and old religions, trying to monopolize these manifestations and turn them to account. Rationalism, however, although defeated, has nevertheless been fruitful, and it will oppose an insuperable barrier to the dogmas that run counter to reason much too violently.
On the other hand, must not mystic, pathetic and poetical aspirations be reckoned with? Are they not the essential final causes of all religions? To sum up, are not the most needful conditions of a modern religion those of advanced Protestantism: “Unitarism,” clothed in a glorious cloak of poetry?
Islam, freed from all the dross which it accumulated in its course, has precisely these conditions, and already small communities of European converts to Islam have been founded in England and America. One of them, having Mr. Quilliam at his head, exists for several years past at Liverpool, and is remarkable for the fact that the majority of its proselytes belong to the weaker sex.
The conversion of Lord Headley, an English peer, followed by that of other well-known leading Londoners, created a great sensation. The Mussulman commonwealth, founded by this eminent man, publishes a monthly magazine, “The Islamic Review,” from which we take the following significant passage:
“Why have Englishmen and other Europeans become Mussulmans? In the first place, because they sought for some simple, logical, essentially practical creed; (for we English flatter ourselves that we are the most practical people under the sun) a creed fitting in with the conditions, customs, and occupations of every people; a divine, true creed, where the Creator and Man are face to face, without any intermediary.” (Sheldrake.)
That is what practical minds have found in Islam which, having no sacrements or worship of saints, needs no priest and could, at a pinch, do without a temple. As Allah’s presence fills the universe, is not the whole of the earth one immense Mosque?
Moreover, several modern desists, generally finding it difficult to express the aspiration of their souls, will find in the pure deism of true Islam, the most admirable ritual movements and words of prayer that an artistic mind could dream of. In short, for more than one, ‘Islam realises the maximum of altruism with a minimum of metaphysics.’ (Christian Cherfils.)
Other isolated conversions have taken place in France and in different countries of Europe, Africa and Asia. Perhaps, in this way, we may witness the realisation of this “Hadis” of the Prophet: ‘Assuredly Allah will make this religion (Islam) all-powerful by means of men who were strangers thereto!’ of the principal characteristic of Islam is that it is wonderfully fitted to all races of creation. Among his first disciples, Mohammad counted not only Arabs of the most different tribes, but also Persians, such as Salman al-Farsi; Christians, such as Waraqa; Abyssinians, such as Bilal; Jews, such as Mukhayriq, Abdullah ibn Sallam, etc. As it is said in the Qur’an: “We have not sent thee otherwise than to mankind at large.” (xxxiv, 27.)
Even during Mohammad’s life, and in the very beginning, his doctrine asserted its stamp of universality. If suitable to all races, it is equally suitable to all intellects and to all degrees of civilisation. Of supreme simplicity, as in Mu’tazilitcism; desperately esoteric, as in Sufiism, bringing guidance and consolation to the European “savant”—leaving thought absolutely free and untrammelled—as well as to the negro of the Soudan, thereby delivered from the superstition of his fetishism. It exalts the soul of a practical English merchant, for whom ‘time is money,’ quite as much as that of a mystical philosopher; of a contemplative Oriental; or of a man of the West loving art and poetry. It will even allure a modern medical man, by the logic of its repeated ablutions and the rhythm of its bowing and prostration, just as salutary for physical well-being as for the health of the soul itself.
It is therefore not too foolhardy to think that when the fearful storm has passed and the respect due to all nationalities, as well as to all religions, shall have been enforced, Islam will be able to look upon a future brimming with real hope.
Thanks to the great share it has taken in the events causing the upheaval of European civilisation, it has entered therein and will appear at last in its true light. The different nations will vie with each other in seeking to be allied to it, for they will have put its value to the test and have recognised the inexhaustible resources it possesses.
The disciples of the Prophet, awakened from their momentary lethargy, will take their brilliant place in the world.
—”Insha’llah!”—If Allah be willing!
Allah will perhaps establish goodwill between yourselves and those of them with whom ye are at enmity, and Allah is Powerful: and Allah is Gracious, Merciful.
This book was finished at Bou-Sâada, on the Twenty-seventh day of the month of Ramadhan; in the Year 1334 of the Hegira—the 28th of July, A.D. 1916.
O Allah! be indulgent towards its authors; excuse the extravagant audacity that urged them on in their hope of doing good, to affront such a vast subject, despite the scantiness of their knowledge.
O Thou, the Omniscient! pardon them the errors which, through ignorance, they may have committed in such a sublime history as that of Thy Messenger, Our Lord Mohammad, the Seal of the Prophets.
May Allah pour out for him His Blessings and His Favours!
Likewise on his Relatives,
And on his Companions!
Sliman ben IBRAHIM.
A traditional old Scribe of the Desert.
Calligraphy: One’s pen should be ennobled; that is, by treating of worthy matters.
THE BOOK WAS FINISHED IN THE YEAR 1335 OF THE HEGIRA
THE LIFE OF MOHAMMAD (PBUH) THE PROPHET OF ALLAH
BY E. DINET and SLIMAN BEN IBRAHIM
Say: Go through the earth, and see how He hath brought forth created beings
CHAPTER THE NINTH
al-Madinah, the City of the Prophet. The Dome of Mohammad’s Tomb.
Thou truly art mortal, O Mohammad, and they truly are mortals.
CHAPTER THE NINTH
ILLNESS AND DEATH OF THE PROPHET
(Rabi’u’l-Awwal, Year IX of the Hegira. June A.D. 632.)
Quoth Abu Muwayhiba, the Prophet’s serving-man: “One night towards the end of the month of Safar, my master woke me up. “I must go and implore the blessing of Allah,” said he, “for those at rest in the tombs of Baqui’u a’l-Gharqad. Come with me.”
“I accompanied him. “Blessed be you, O dwellers in the tomb!” he exclaimed, when we reached the cemetery. “Rest in peace! Allah hath spared you terrible ordeals, like unto the anguish of a dark night, more terribly black at the end than at the beginning. Such are the torments in store for those who are still upon this earth!”
“As he finished speaking, the whole of his body was shaken by the palsy of fever, and he wended his way back to his dwelling with difficulty; his temples racked by the unbearable pains known as “Suda”….”
Quoth Ayishah: “When the Prophet returned from his visit to the cemetery of Al-Baqi, he came to see me in the middle of the night. I was suffering from violent headache and as I complained, he said: ‘Ah! ’tis I who ought to complain of pains in the head and not thou!’ He went on, jokingly: ‘Would it not be better for thee to die whilst I am still in the land of the living? I could implore the Mercy of Allah in thy favour; with my own hands I could enfold thee in thy winding-sheet; I could pray over thy body and place thee in thy grave.’ ‘Of a surety thou doest me great honour in apprising me that thou wouldst act thus in my favour,’ I replied; ‘but I fear that after I was buried, thy sole consolation would be to bring back with thee, into my room, some other of thy wives!’ At this sally, a smile returned to the Prophet’s face and, for a brief moment, he forgot his pain.”
As time went on, his illness left him no rest; nevertheless, mastering his sufferings, his mind was busier than ever, and he occupied himself with the future of Islam, for he felt that the effects of his management would soon be lacking.
Thinking that Syria was one of the gates through which the warriors of Allah would have to march to conquer the world, Mohammad’s gaze was unceasingly turned towards that country and he resolved to organise a third expedition against the Christians, in whose power it was.
Great rivalry at once arose with regard to commanding such an incursion. Of heroes and generals having been put to the test, Islam had enough and to spare. The most famous among them: Ansars or Mohadjirun, anxiously awaited the Prophet’s choice.
To the stupefaction of all, however, Usama, barely twenty years of age, was chosen. It is true that this lad was the son of Zayd ibn Harith, the martyr of Mutah. Mohammad placed great reliance on the revengeful ardour that Usama would show in fighting the murderers of his father on the very spot where he gloriously succumbed, than on the experience and warlike valour of the Mussulman generals.
This selection caused deception and gave rise to murmuring. The Believers hesitated to put boundless confidence, such as is indispensable for success, in a chief so young and inexperienced. Having been told about this, the Prophet rose and cut short all disputes by these words: ‘Ye criticise my choice of Usama, even as ye formerly cavilled at that of Zayd, his father! Listen! To you I swear, by Allah! that Zayd was truly worthy of the post of command with which I did entrust him. I cherished him above all other men; and after him, his son is the man I prefer. Go, carry out my orders, and have confidence!’
These simple words, uttered in a tone of inspired conviction, banished all hesitation; smoothing away all jealousy as if by magic; and the noblest and most famous among all the chieftains, together with the most humble soldiers, came enthusiastically to obey the commands of the stripling. When the expedition marched into the “Farewell Pass,” the Prophet was deeply moved as he saw his troops disappear. The superhuman faith animating the warriors at the parting hour proved to him that no obstacle could bar their way on the road to victory and that the irresistible torrent of Islam, like unto the salutary overflow of a wadi, was about to inundate the world and bring it the prolific germs of its new civilisation. Meanwhile, it was not long before the alarming news, relating to the Prophet’s illness, stopped Usama’s forward progress, bringing him back to Al-Madinah.
About that time, the Apostle received a letter, couched in these terms: “Musailimah, the Prophet of Allah, to Mohammad, the Prophet of Allah. Peace be with thee, I am thy associate. Let the exercise of authority be divided between us. Half the earth is mine, and half belongeth to the Quraish. But the Quraish are a greedy people, and will not be satisfied with a fair division.”
The author of this epistle, Musailimah, Prince of the Yamama, had recently been converted to Islam; and then, fully appreciating the majesty of the part played by the Prophet, this pretender planned with monstrous pride to play the some part in his turn.
To the envoys bringing the impudent missive, Mohammad replied: ‘Were it not that your situation as ambassadors causeth me to look upon your lives as sacred, I would have you beheaded.’ And he handed them this answer: “Mohammad, the Prophet of Allah to Musailimah, the Impostor. Peace be with those who follow the right road! The earth is Allah’s, and He giveth it to whom he will. Those only prosper who fear the Lord!”
Both Musailimah and Al-Aswad, another impostor, soon found out the danger run by those who enacted the part of Prophet without having been called by Allah. They expiated their temerity most cruelly.
The Prophet’s illness became daily more serious. He grew so weak that he could only move about by dint of the most painful efforts.
Being in the house of Maimunah, he sent for his other wives. His usual habit was to pass the night in turn, impartially, at each of their dwellings; but feeling himself weighed down by intense suffering, he begged them to let him remain with Ayishah alone for the duration of his illness; and to this they consented.
Quoth Ayishah: “The Prophet left the abode of Maimunah, thanks to the assistance of Al-Fadl and Ali, who held him in their arms. A bandage was bound tightly round his head, and his weakness was so great that he had no sooner set foot in my room than he swooned. When he came to, lancinating pains tortured his temples; and hoping to soothe his pangs, he asked: ‘Pour over me six skinsful of water drawn from a very cold spring, so that I may be in a fit state to go forth and preach to the Faithful.’ We sat him in a stone trough, borrowed from Hafsa, and poured water over him in abundance, until he bade us stop, by a wave of his hand, saying: ‘Enough!'”
Momentarily invigorated, Mohammad went out through Ayishah’s door which gave on to the Mosque; and again supported by his cousin Ali and Al-Fadl, he had great trouble in mounting the steps of the pulpit, from which he made the following declaration to the Faithful assembled: ‘O Believers, if among you there be one whose back I have beaten, here is my back so that he may do himself justice! If there be one whose honour I may have wounded, here is my honour, let him be avenged! If there be one whose property I may have seized, here is my property, let him satisfy his claim! Let no one hesitate in fear of my resentment, for resentment formeth no part of my disposition.’ After having stepped down to give out the noonday prayer, he went up in the pulpit again and repeated the same declaration.
A man arose and claimed payment of a debt amounting to three drachmas. The Prophet handed them over to him at once, adding: ‘It is easier to put up with shame in this world than in the other.’
He then evoked the remembrance of the martyrs of Uhud, to whom he devoted the best part of his prayer, imploring Allah’s blessings in their favour. He wound up as follows: ‘Allah hath offered one of His servants the choice between the riches of this earth and those that are to be found at His side.’ At these words, divining that the Prophet was alluding to himself and the state of his health, Abu Bakr burst into tears, and exclaimed: ‘Ah! why cannot we offer our lives as a ransom for thine?’—’O Believers!’ replied Mohammad, ‘it hath come to my ears that ye fear your Prophet may die; but before me hath any Prophet been immortal as he accomplished his Mission? How can I dwell eternally among you? Every soul is doomed to die. I must return to Allah and ye likewise will return to Him.’
Quoth Ayishah: “After this effort, when the Prophet came back to my room, he fainted away again. When the call of the Muazzin was heard, he rose up and asked for water wherewith to perform his ablutions, meaning to lead the prayers. He swooned three times.
“As the Faithful awaited his coming in the Mosque, he sent Bilal to fetch Abu Bakr, so that he could perform the duties of Imam instead of the Prophet. The crowd, guessing the reason of this change, broke out into fits of sobbing….
“The Prophet was frequently seized with delirium. One Thursday, whilst all his companions gathered round his bed, he said to them: ‘Bring hither to me ink and parchment; I would place on record a book for you which shall prevent your going astray for evermore.’—’Allah’s Messenger is burdened by pain,’ said Umar; ‘have we not the Qur’an? Allah’s Book sufficeth for us.’
“Several of his companions, accustomed never to argue about anything said by the Prophet and remembering that he was illiterate, thought that in this supreme moment a miracle was about to be accomplished. Therefore they wanted to give him what he asked for. They were opposed by his partisans sharing Umar’s opinion, and a quarrel began, the Prophet recovering his senses by the noise. He told them reproachfully: ‘It is not seemly to quarrel thus at a Prophet’s bedside. Go away!’
“To soothe his unbearable pain, he dipped his hands in a pitcher of cold water and passed his wet palms over his face, as if to wipe it: ‘O Allah!’ he cried, ‘help me to support the terrors of the death struggle!’
“He had Fatimah, his beloved daughter, fetched to him twice and spoke to her secretly, whispering in her ear. The first time, Fatimah’s face was bathed in tears; the second time, her features were lit up by a smile. We asked her the reason of her changed expression, and she told us: ‘The first time, my father warned me that he must soon succumb to his illness, and I could not repress my tears. The second time, he informed me that of all his family, I should be the first to rejoin him, and so great was my joy that I could not stop myself from smiling.'”
On the Monday, the twelfth day of Rabi’u’l-Awwal, Abu Bakr was saying prayers in the presence of the Faithful, when Ayishah’s door, giving into the Mosque, was thrown open. Supported by Ali and Al-Fadl, the Prophet appeared. His turban was twisted tightly round his head, and his benumbed feet dragged along the ground. On seeing him, the Faithful were comforted by a ray of hope and a wave of emotion stirred them all. Without turning round, Abu Bakr guessed that only the arrival of the Prophet could have given rise to such a manifestation while prayers were being said, and he moved away to join the ranks of the worshippers and let his place be taken by Mohammad. But he made Bakr go back; pulling him by his garment, as he said: ‘Continue to lead the prayers.’
He then sat down on Abu Bakr’s right hand, under the pulpit, and his face beamed with happiness, at the sight of the piety of the congregation. When prayers had been said, he spoke to the Believers for the last time; and in tones firm enough to be heard outside the Mosque, he preached a sermon predicting terrible ordeals and charging them with the strictest observance of the principles of the Qur’an, for such would be the only way leading to Salvation. Leaning against one of the palm-tree trunk pillars, he chatted familiarly with some of his companions, and then went back to his room.
Quoth Ayishah: “After this last effort, the Prophet was again overtaken by greater pain than ever, and covered his face with a black garment, which he threw off again, as it stifled him….
“Just then, Abdu’r Rahman, son of Abu Bakr, came in, holding in his hand a small twig of green “araq,” with which he was picking his teeth. The Prophet stared at the little stick and I made out that he would have liked it. So I took it out of Abdu’r Rahman’s hand. Cutting off the end of the toothpick, I shook it, cleaned it and gave it to Allah’s messenger who immediately made use of it, picking his teeth more carefully than ever before. When he had finished, he let the little stick drop from between his faltering fingers. He raised his eyes to heaven, repeating three times: ‘O Allah! with the Compassionate on High….!’ And I felt his head, resting between my chin and shoulder, grow heavy on my arm.
“I guessed that the Prophet had chosen the eternal dwelling and that his noble soul had just been taken by the Angel of Death. I placed my head on the pillow and uttered a great cry of distress…. His wives came running in; and all together, we went down on our knees, and tore our faces with our nails.”
On hearing these lamentations, the Believers filled the Mosque. They were dazed, like sheep straying on a dark, wintry night; but not one of the Faithful would admit that the Prophet was dead. The disappearance of the man who led them in every way seemed an impossibility.
‘How can he be dead?’ they cried. ‘Did we not count upon him to be our witness on the Day of Resurrection? He is not dead; he hath been carried up to Heaven, even as was Isa (Jesus).’ And through the door they cried: ‘Beware lest ye bury him!’
This met with Umar’s approval: ‘No, verily, the Prophet is not dead! He hath gone to visit the Lord, even as Moses did, when after an absence of forty days, he reappeared to his people. In like fashion, Mohammad will be restored to us. Those who say he is dead are traitors to the cause of Islam. Let their hands and feet be cut off!’
At that juncture, Abu Bakr, who had been fetched from the As-Sunuh quarter where he lived, arrived on horseback, galloping as fast as possible. He alighted and, making his way through the crowd in consternation, he went into the Mosque without speaking to a soul, and from there, passed into the room of his daughter Ayishah in order to see Allah’s Messenger. A piece of striped stuff was thrown over the body; Abu Bakr uncovered the Prophet’s face, kissed him, wept and then broke down under the weight of his great grief…. ‘O Thou for whose ransom I would have offered both father and mother,’ he cried, ‘thy career is well accomplished!’
Tearing himself away from his sorrowful contemplation, he covered up Mohammad’s face again and went out, going straight up to Umar who was haranguing the people. ‘Sit down, O Umar!’ he said. Umar refused to obey him. In the meantime, the majority of the Faithful left him by himself, and gathered round Abu Bakr who told them: ‘O Believers, if ye adore Mohammad, know that Mohammad is dead; but if ye adore Allah, know that Allah is alive, for Allah cannot die! Ye must have forgotten these verses of the Qur’an: “Mohammad is no more than an Apostle; other Apostles have already passed away before him; if then he die, or be slain, will ye turn upon your heels? Thou truly art mortal, O (Mohammad), and they truly are mortals.” (The Qur’an, iii, 138, and xxxix, 31.)
Quoth Umar: “By Allah! scarcely did I hear Abu Bakr recite these verses than I felt my legs give way under me. I was near falling down, for then I began to understand that the Prophet was really dead!”
ABU BAKR ELECTED
Before thinking about the funeral, it was urgent to guard against the pressing danger threatening Islam, totally broken up by the loss of its inspired guide.
The man who had succeeded in bringing together in religious fraternity families and tribes at loggerheads for centuries, having disappeared, what would become of this brotherhood? The immediate nomination of a Caliph, or lieutenant appointed to continue the Prophet’s task, could alone prevent irretrievable disaggregation. This urgent necessity stirred the tribes tumultuously; a tragical conflict between Ansars and Mohadjirun was imminent, each party claiming to have the Caliph chosen from among its adherents. Happily, Umar’s energy and spirit of decision easily averted the crisis. Having succeeded in gaining a few moments’ silence, he called upon the Believers to take notice that during the last days of his life, Mohammad had designated Abu Bakr, his companion during the Hegira, to take his place as “Imam,” and doubtless the Prophet would have chosen him for Caliph.
This opinion carried the day. When the sun rose again, all the Believers, forgetting their disputes, came and took the oath of fidelity to Abu Bakr.
THE PROPHET’S BURIAL
This important question being settled, the Faithful were free to arrange the Prophet’s funeral and give way to the despair that racked their souls.
At first, they were embarrassed, not daring to strip off his garments so as to wash the body according to the usual rites. Respect forbid them to look on his nakedness, as if it were sacrilegious to do so. After long discussions, irresistible sleep weighed down their eyelids; their chins rested on their breasts, when suddenly, a voice proceeding from the chamber of death was heard. They awoke at its sound and it replied to what was passing in their minds: ‘Wash the Prophet without undressing him.’ That was the solution they sought, and without further delay, they acted on the suggestion. With striped stuff of the Yaman, Abbas erected a kind of tent in the room, so as to keep the crowd away from the body. By the aid of seven skinsful of water drawn from the well of Al-Ghars, at Quba, preferred by Mohammad to any other, Ali, Usama, Abbas and his sons, and Shukran, the freed slave, proceeded with the ritual washing. Abbas, assisted by his sons, Al-Fadl and Qutham, turned the venerated body over. Usama and Shukran sprinkled it with water and Ali wiped it without removing the shirt.
The first washing was done with plain water, the next with an infusion of lotus-flowers; and the third, and last, with camphorated water. Abbas and Ali then perfumed every part of the body that comes in contact with the earth during the ceremony of prostration: forehead, nose, hands, knees and feet.
‘How sweet is thy smell, O Prophet!’ exclaimed Ali; and all marvelled at not finding on Mohammad’s frame any of those horrible traces of decomposition following the separation of the soul from the body, with the exception of a slight bluish tinge appearing on the nails.
Instead of a shroud, the Prophet was wrapped in the garments he wore at the moment of death: his shirt, which after the ablutions was wrung out and allowed to drip; and a double robe woven at Najran. It was then that Ali and Abbas, having replaced Mohammad on his bed, allowed the crowd to enter.
The room was at once filled with as many Believers as it would hold, and after they had said: ‘Peace be with thee, O Prophet, and also the Mercy and Blessing of Allah!’ they got ready to pray without an “Imam” to lead them, for the real “Imam” was present, although his soul had been called back to the side of the Almighty.
Abu Bakr and Umar were in the front rank of the worshippers, and they concluded the prayer by these words: “O Allah! we bear witness that he hath accomplished the Mission Thou didst entrust to him. O Allah! grant peace to those among us who follow faithfully the orders Thou hast revealed to him and hasten to reunite us with him. Amin!” And all the people, stirred to the innermost depths of their being, repeated: “Amin! Amin!“
Fresh difficulties now arose, concerning the place of burial; some wanting the grave to be dug in the Mosque; others, at Al-Baqi, among the tombs of the Prophet’s family. A few mentioned Makkah, his birthplace. Abu Bakr silenced them, affirming that he had heard Mohammad say: ‘Allah only taketh the soul of a Prophet on the spot where it is fitting that he should be buried.’
The bed was accordingly moved away and the grave dug in the ground underneath it. This task was alloted to Talha, the gravedigger of Al-Madinah. He strengthened the sides of the grave by means of nine unburnt bricks, and carpeted the bottom with the red blanket that served the Prophet as a rug for his camel when travelling, and which was not to be used by anyone now that he was dead. Ali, Al-Fadl, Qutham, and Shakran lowered the body into its last resting-place….
Al Mughira ibn Shu’ba affirms that he was the last man to have the happiness of contemplating the face of the Chosen One before it was covered with earth. “I let my finger-ring drop into the grave,’ he says, ‘so that when I regained it, I should be the last to address a farewell salute to the Prophet.”
The sad ceremony was concluded in the middle of the night between Tuesday and Wednesday. On the morrow, at dawn, when in his call to prayer, Bilal, the “Muazzin,” proclaimed: ‘There is no God but Allah, and Mohammad is the Prophet of Allah!’ he could only shout the name of Mohammad through his sobs. The whole town replied to him, as by an echo, in a long moan of despair which rose to heaven, from every door and window of the houses….
Ever since that day, the twelfth of the month of Rabi’u’l-Awwal, Year XII of the Hegira, (June 8th, A.D. 632), this extraordinary man, who was, to say the least, the equal of the greatest of all Prophets; monarch, general theologian, legislator and philosopher, and whose religion counts at the present time three hundred millions of disciples, rests in this spot where his noble soul was carried aloft.
A sumptuous Mosque, erected over the room where he died, has taken the place of the humble temple of raw bricks and palm-trunks that he built up with his own hand. A visit to his tomb is not one of the pillars of Islamic pratical religion, but nevertheless there are few pilgrims who, after the severe trials endured during their journey to Makkah, hesitate to undertake the twelve days’ caravan travel, so distressing and dangerous, between Mohammad’s birthplace and Al-Madinah, in order to salute the Prophet’s grave piously and enthusiastically….
Even the learned men of Europe are beginning to forget secular prejudices and do justice to the founder of Islam. ‘If a man’s value is to be estimated by the grandeur of his works,’ declares Dr. G. Le Bon, ‘we can say that Mohammad was one of the greatest men known in history.’
Mohammad is no more than an apostle; other apostles have already passed away before him; if then he die, or be slain, will ye turn upon your heels?
Imam leading the Prayers.
O my supreme Master, lavish thy Blessings and thy Favours for ever and ever on Thy Friend (Mohammad), the best of all created beings.
THE PROPHET’S PORTRAIT
According to his son-in-law, Ali, the Prophet was of middle height and sturdy build. His head was large, his complexion healthy; with smooth cheeks, a thick beard, and wavy hair. When he was vexed, a vein swelled out on his forehead, from the top of his aquiline nose between his eyebrows which were well arched and meeting.
His big eyes, framed by long lashes, were of a deep black, lit up at times by a few red gleams, and his glance was extraordinarily keen. His mouth was large, well suited to eloquence. His teeth, as white as hailstones, were slightly separated in front. The palms of his hands, of which the fingers were long and slender, were broad and soft to the touch like fine silk.
The Seal of Prophecy—which the monk Bahira discovered—was just below the nape of the neck, between Mohammad’s shoulder-blades. It resembled the scar left by the bite of a leech, and was of a reddish hue, surrounded by a few hairs.
The Prophet’s gait was slow, solemn and majestic. In all circumstances, he never lost his presence of mind and was quick-witted. When he turned round, the whole of his body moved, unlike frivolous folks twisting their necks and rolling their heads about. If he held out an object to show it, he made use of the whole of his hand and not two or three fingers. When surprised, he glorified Allah, turning the palms of his hands to heaven, nodding his head and biting his lips.
When he made an affirmation, he struck his widely-open left hand with his right thumb to lay stress on his declaration. If angry, his face flushed; he stroked his beard and passed his hand over his face, taking a deep breath and exclaiming: ‘I leave it to Allah, the best proxy!’
He was a man of few words; but each had many different meanings, some plain and others hidden. As for the charm of his elocution, it was supernatural, going straight to the heart. None could resist it. The Prophet’s merriment never went beyond a smile, but if he was overcome by an excess of gaiety, he covered his mouth with his hand.
His disposition was even, without self-sufficiency or obstinacy. Whenever any of his companions called him, he replied immediately: ‘Here I am!’ He liked to play with their children and would press them to his noble breast. He used to make the sons of his uncle Abbas stand in a row and, promising to reward the child who got first to him, they would all run into his arms and jump on his knees.
He interested himself in the doings of all, whether slaves or nobles, and followed the funeral of the most humble Believer. He flew one day into a most violent passion because, through negligence, he had not been apprised of the death of a poor negro who swept out the Mosque. He insisted on being told where the grave was situated and went to pray over it.
When an applicant tried to get close to the Prophet’s ear so as not to be overheard, he would bend his head until the man had finished speaking. When a visitor took the hand of Mohammad, he was never the first to withdraw it, but waited until the other chose to relax his grasp. The Prophet often said: ‘To be a good Mussulman, we must wish for others that which we wish for ourselves.’
Never did he let his blessed hand fall on a woman, nor on one of his slaves. Quoth Anas, who was seven years in his service: “‘He never scolded me; he never even asked me: ‘Hast done this?’ or: ‘Why didst thou not do that'” Abu Dharr heard the Prophet declare: ‘These servants are your brothers, placed under your authority by Allah. Whoso is master over his brother must give him the same food as he eateth and the same apparel as he weareth.’
An Arab who bore arms at the battle of Hunain, tells the following story: “My feet were shod with heavy sandals and in the thick of the fight, I accidentally trod on the Prophet’s foot. He struck me with the whip he held in his hand and cried out: ‘By Allah! thou hast hurt me!’ And all night long, I reproached myself for having inflicted pain on Allah’s Messenger. Next day, early in the morning, he sent for me. I went into his presence. I was trembling with fright. ‘Thou art the man,’ said he, ‘who crushed my foot yesterday under thy thick sole and whom I lashed with my whip? Well then, here are eighty lambs. I give them to thee. Take them away.’ And ever since that incident, the Prophet’s patience got the best of his anger.”
Of a loving disposition, he suffered at having been deprived at an early age of maternal affection, which led him always to busy himself about the way mothers and children got on together. His ideas in this connection were summed up in this sentence: ‘A son gains Paradise at his mother’s feet.’ While saying prayers, if he heard a child cry, he would hasten to conclude, so as to allow the mother to go and console her offspring, for he knew how mothers suffer when they hear their children cry.
His marvellous insight into mortals’ souls and the depths of all things, causing him to be the most prodigious psychologist ever known, did not prevent him from consulting his companions for the least thing. Ayishah tells us: ‘I never knew anybody ask for advice and listen to different opinions so carefully as the Prophet.’
If feelings of kindly dignity prevented Mohammad from resorting to vulgar mockery or making use of cutting remarks, his mood was nevertheless playful. He was fond of joking, which is not reproved by Allah, if the sally contains a grain of truth. One day, for amusement, he told Safiyah, his aunt on his father’s side, that ‘old women were not allowed to enter Paradise.’ The noble dame, well advanced in years, burst into tears. So he went on: ‘But all women will be resuscitated with the aspect of females thirty-three years of age, just as if they had all been born on the same day.’
The three things he loved best in this world were prayer, perfumes, and women.
He was so fond of praying that his feet used to swell in consequence of standing for too long a time whilst at his devotions; but he considered that the right to pray so often was one of the prerogatives of his position as a Prophet. Still he would not admit that his example should be followed. This he proved when upraiding Abdullah ibn Amir: ‘Have I heard aright when they tell me thou dost pass the night in prayer, upstanding; and then fast next day? If thou shouldst keep on at this, thou wilt endanger thy sight and wear out thy body. Thy duty, that thou owest to thyself and thy people, is to fast and break thy fast; to rise in the night and also to sleep.’
Next to prayer, Mohammad preferred women, for which his detractors have blamed him severely. He was certainly an ardent lover; a male, in every respect, morally and physically, but endowed with that chastity which fits in well with healthy voluptuousness. Following his example, even nowadays, the Arabs are remarkable for their extreme decency, although devoid of all affectation and having nothing in common with the hypocritical mock-modesty of Puritans.
Mohammad had twenty-three wives, but he only had intercourse with twelve of them; his other marriages taking place for political reasons. All the tribes were eager to be allied to him through one of their daughters and he was beseiged by matrimonial offers. One of these women, Azza, sister to Dihya al-Kalbi, died of joy when she heard that the Prophet accepted her as spouse.
His love of women caused him to be brimful of kindness to them, and he sought to better their lot whenever he could. To begin with, he abolished the monstrous custom of burying girls alive, “Wa’du’l-Binat,” of which we have already spoken. He then regulated polygamy, limiting the number of legitimate helpmates to four, which did not prevent him from urging the Faithful to give heed to this verse of the Qur’an: “If ye fear that ye shall not act equitably, then marry but one woman only.” (IV, 3.)
Then, after declaring that: ‘among all things which are licit, divorce is the most displeasing to Allah,’ he allowed a wife to ask for release if the husband neglected the duties of marriage.
Finally, thanks to his ruling, a virgin could no longer be taken in marriage against her will; the dower, formerly given by the husband to the father of the affianced maiden, was ordered to be handed over to her. Such is the wise custom of the dower which the enemies of Islam call the purchase of a wife. Doubtless, they know nothing about the terrible retort of Moslems when they notice that in certain Western countries the dowry is paid to the bridegroom by the bride’s father! Over and above the dower, the Mussulman husband has to defray household expenses without touching his wife’s fortune to which he has no right.
The Prophet also ordained that a wife is always entitled to some part of an inheritance. If it is only half a share, that is because the compensation found by the spouse in the dowry and the household upkeep is taken into account.
The Prophet was fond of perfumes; for they completed the process of purification by ablutions. The man who has a sweet smell will be worthier and better able to safeguard his honour than he whose bodily odour is disgusting. Mohammad scented himself with musk and he liked sandal-wood, camphor and ambergris to be burnt. He used pomade for his hair, and four plaits hung down over his ears, two on each side. He clipped beard and moustache with scissors, keeping all in order by means of an ivory, or tortoise-shell comb. He blackened his eyelids with “Kuhl,” which brightens the eye and strengthens the lashes. He took care of his teeth by rubbing them often with the “Miswak,” (fragment of soft “Araq” wood), of which the fibre, when the end is chewed, has the same effect as a brush.
His apparel consisted generally of a tunic of cotton cloth, short-sleeved, and not too long; together with a cloak, four cubits long and two wide, woven in the Uman region. He also had a Yamanite mantle, six cubits long and three wide, which he wore on Fridays and holydays. Then, last of all, came his green mantle, inherited by the Caliphs; and a turban known as “As-Sahab,” bequeathed to his son-in-law, Ali.
The Prophet took the greatest care of his personal appearance and reached as far as simple, although very refined elegance. He was wont to look at himself in a mirror, or if that was lacking, in a jar full of water, to comb his hair, or adjust the folds of his turban, letting one end hang down behind his back. He used to say: ‘By attending to our exterior, we please Him of whom we are the servants.’
To make amends, he severely condemned extravagance in clothing; particularly the use of silk, which for rich people furnishes an opportunity for a display of pride belittling the needy; but he permitted it for those to whom it was necessary for reasons of bodily health.
His love of justice and charity extended to animals. It was he who told how “a man saw a dog so thirsty that it lapped up mud. Taking off one of his slippers, the man filled it with water which he offered to the dog; keeping on in the same way until the animal had quenched its thirst. Allah was pleased at what the man did and welcomed him to Paradise.”
This kindness and the mysterious radiation emanating from Mohammad’s personality made an impression on animals; and even on inanimate objects, as well as on human beings. When he went up the steps of a pulpit newly constructed in the Mosque of Al-Madinah, the humble palm-tree trunk on which he habitually stood when preaching, began to groan and was only quieted when he laid his blessed fingers on it.
The Prophet worked with his own hands. He milked his ewes, cobbled his shoes, mended his clothes, fed his camels, pitched his tent, etc., without accepting the assistance of anyone. He carried home his own purchases from the market, and replied to one of the Faithful who wished to do so for him: ‘It is incumbent on the buyer to take away what he buyeth.’ Thus, by his example, he condemned the practice of wealthy people who bought largely, and without troubling about the weight of their purchases, forced their servants to carry the goods.
His disdain for the riches of this world reached to the highest pitch. According to Ayishah, this is what he said on this head:
“Allah offered to change all the pebbles round Makkah, into pure gold for me and I answered: ‘O Allah! all I ask is to be hungry one day and satisfied the next. The day I am hungry, I will implore Thee and the day I am satisfied, I will thank Thee.’ What have I to do with worldly wealth? I am like the traveller who lieth down in the shade of a tree; the sun, as it turneth, beateth down upon him and he goeth away from that tree never to return. O Allah! let me die poor and resuscitate me in the ranks of the poor!”
The Prophet’s sobriety was extreme; he never would have several kinds of food served at the same repast. If he ate meat, he went without dates; and if he ate dates, he deprived himself of meat. He showed a predilection for milk which appeases thirst and hunger at one and the same time.
Many months often passed without a fire being kindled in any of the Prophet’s houses for baking bread or preparing other kinds of food. All this time, he and his family lived on dried dates only and his sole beverage was plain water. When hunger-pains gnawed his entrails too cruelly, he placed a stone on his belly and bound it there with a girdle. He departed this life without having a surfeit of any sort of victuals, not even of barley cake.
He never troubled about his body, so far as comfort went, although he kept it in a state of perfect purity by dint of continual ablutions. He frequently slept on a rugged mat, the rough bristles deeply marking his flesh. His pillow was made of palm-fibre and his bed was a mantle folded in two. One night, when Ayishah had folded it in four, the Prophet lost his temper, found his couch too soft and ordered it to be restored to its usual state.
Before dying, he freed all his slaves and distributed the small amount of property he still possessed. He deemed it unseemly to appear before the Lord with gold in his possession. In his dwelling, but thirty measures of barley were found; and to buy them, he had been forced to leave his breastplate at a usurer’s as security for a loan.
There is no God but Allah, and Mohammad is the Prophet of Allah.
THE LIFE OF MOHAMMAD (PBUH) THE PROPHET OF ALLAH
BY E. DINET and SLIMAN BEN IBRAHIM
CHAPTER THE EIGHTH
“Ad-da’wah” or the Invocation.
Accomplish the Pilgrimage and the Visitation of the Holy Places in honour of Allah.
CHAPTER THE EIGHTH
Quoth Ayishah: “During my return from the Mustaliq expedition, pressing need compelled me to alight from my Hawdaj, (a kind of litter carried on a camel’s back). I found a lonely spot and stopped behind, waiting until all the soldiers had marched past. But seeing my camel halted, and thinking I was inside the hawdaj, they drove the animal forward to ensure it remaining in line with the rest.
“When I came back and found my camel gone, I shouted despairingly; but all in vain, until overcome by fatigue, I dropped down and fell asleep. One of the rearguards, Safwan Ibnu’l-Mu’attal, catching sight of me, recognised me and cried out: ‘To Allah we belong and to Him shall we return!’ Having awakened me by this exclamation, he brought up his camel, helping me into the saddle, and he led the animal by the bridle until we rejoined the Prophet.”
Scandalmongers got hold of the story and ascribed shameful motives to this chance meeting. Despite the accused woman’s protestations of innocence, Mohammad felt suspicion gnawing at his heart, and he kept Ayishah at a distance, greatly to the confusion of his father-in-law, Abu Bakr.
At last, a Revelation called the accusers liars, and condemned calumny: “With Allah it was a grave matter,” (The Qur’an, xxiv, 14), thus ridding the Prophet of all suspicion and putting an end to a painful situation.
THE BIRTH AND DEATH OF IBRAHIM
In Year VIII of the Hegira, Mary, the Coptic concubine, gave birth to a boy. The Prophet, who had never found consolation for the death of his sons brought into the world by Khadijah, was beside himself with joy. He gave a slave as a present to Abu Rafi’a, for having brought the news that a son was born, and Mohammad declared that the child’s advent freed the mother.
On the seventh day, the baby’s hair was shaved off and buried; two sheep were sacrificed and alms were distributed to the poor. All the wet-nurses vied with each other for the honour of suckling the Prophet’s son, who was called Ibrahim. He was given into the care of Umm Burda, wife of Al-Bara ibn Aws, and she, was rewarded by the gift of a palm-garden.
She took her nursling into the country, to the Banu Mazin, where the Prophet went frequently to see his son. He used to take him in his arms, unceasingly “smelling” him and covering him with kisses. The affection he felt for the child’s mother, Mary the Copt, also increased, much to the great vexation of his other wives.
It happened, too, that he broke his strictly impartial household laws, and granted Mary a night that rightly belonged to Hafsa, Umar’s daughter. She was grieved to the heart by her rights being forgotten and reproached Mohammad so bitterly that he promised to cease all intercourse with his freed slave on condition that Hafsa held her tongue. But haughty Hafsa broke her word. She told her grievances to Ayishah, who was likewise furiously exasperated at the favour shown to Mary. It was now the turn of Hafsa to rouse the indignation of the other joint wives.
Scenes, scandal and shrieks caused life to be unbearable; so, renouncing all consideration and refusing to let his spouses dictate to him, the Prophet put Hafsa away, after having blamed her severely for her indiscretion. For a whole month, he refused to have anything to do with his helpmates who, although there was now no cause for jealousy, still continued their quarrels; each woman accusing the other of being the cause of their common husband’s neglect. All his wives swore that in future they would not pester him with their scolding.
But Mohammad kept his oath strictly. He sought seclusion in a room to which access could only be had by a staircase of palm-tree trunks, and where his sole couch consisted of a mat, of which the rough fibre made dents in his flesh. His meals were brought to him by a black guardian who stood—an inexorable sentinel—in front of the door, which remained closed even to the most beloved among the Prophet’s companions. At last, on the twenty-ninth day, mindful of the grief felt by Umar and Abu Bakr at the humiliation experienced by their daughters, Hafsa and Ayishah, Mohammad took them both back, and all his other wives as well, after he had recited the following verses:
“If ye assist one another against the Prophet, then verily, Allah is his Protector and Gabriel and every just man among the Faithful; and the angels are his helpers besides. * Haply if he put you both away, his Lord will give him in exchange other wives better than you: Moslems, Believers, devout, penitent, worshippers, observant of fasting.” (The Qur’an, lxvi, 4, 5.)
The joy and hopes accompanying the birth of Ibrahim were not destined to last long. The child breathed its last sigh at the age of seventeen months, under his father’s eyes, and Mohammad could not repress showers of tears.
Seeing the Prophet’s grief and remembering that in cases of mourning he forbade all lamentations, rending of garments, or laceration of faces, Abdu’r-Rahman ibn Awf said to him: ‘Thou also, O Messenger of Allah?’—’O Ibn Awf!’ he replied. ‘Tears arise from compassion. They are not prohibited like shrieks and lamentations which are protestations inspired by the Evil One against the decrees of Providence.’
Then, as his tears flowed in still greater abundance, he added: ‘The eyes shed tears; the heart is full of affliction, but we utter no exclamation displeasing to the Lord. True resignation is manifested at the first shock; as, later, time bringeth succour. O Ibrahim, we are deeply saddened by being separated from thee; but we belong to Allah and to Him shall we return!’
Zaira, mother of the wet-nurse, washed the poor little dead body; Al-Fadl ibn al-Abbas and Usama ibn Zayd carried it to the cemetary of Al-Bagi and lowered it into the grave. When the earth covered the son on whom he had founded such great hopes, the Prophet prayed over the tiny tomb, and exclaimed: ‘Declare, O my son! Allah is my Lord, His Messenger is my father, and Islam is my Religion!’
All who assisted at this scene were shaken by sobs. All of a sudden, their faces took on a livid tint, which, at the same time, spread over the earth, the sand, and the rocks. The azure of the sky changed to a leaden hue; the sunlight paled and gradually faded away, although no clouds gathered to veil it. An icy shudder, resembling that of fever, caused the whole face of nature to be stirred; and the birds, with cries of fright, took refuge in their nocturnal shelters. The last rays, still illuminating surrounding objects with dim and sinister light, began to die away and darkness came on in open day, whilst a few twinkling stars appeared in the sky.
The people in terror knew not which way to turn so as to escape the fearful cataclysm they anticipated. Many in the crowd, struck by the phenomenon coinciding with the death of Ibrahim, cried out: ‘O Prophet! the eyes of the sun itself are dimmed by tears and it hath departed to take part in thy mourning!’
The Prophet, struggling against his grief, drew himself up erect and proclaimed in firm accents: ‘Nay; it is not so. The Sun and the Moon are two tokens of Allah’s Almightiness. Like everything beautiful in this world, their beauty is liable to be eclipsed by His orders…. But there is no eclipse for the death of any mortal!’
GHAZWAH, OR EXPEDITION OF TABUK
(Jumada, Year VIII of the Hegira, August A.D. 630)
At the battle of Mutah, the Christian Greeks learnt to their cost what it meant to put the valour of Allah’s warriors to the test; and in their hatred of Islam’s steady growth, they busied themselves in mustering a most terrible army to crush it.
The Prophet heard of this. He resolved to be first in the field and attack. Only his unshaken confidence in divine protection could have inspired him with such temerity. How many thousands of soldiers must he gather together so as not to court irretrievable disaster? Now the moment was not in the least favourable: a long drought had withered crops and herbage; flocks were decimated; horrible famine plunged the whole region in desolation; and the torrid heat of the second half of summer destroyed all energy. The harvest of the savoury fruit of each oasis, watered by inexhaustible wells, alone promised to be abundant and invigorating; and it was precisely when the Faithful were about to profit by the only benefits of this lean year that the Apostle issued his marching orders.
Secret discontent invaded every heart and the incorrigible “Hypocrites” hastened to exploit it by hawking about everywhere perfidious remarks, such as these: ‘Do ye think this war against the Banu’l-Asfar (the descendants of fair-headed Ishaq) will be child’s play, as was that against the swarthy sons of Ishmael? Remember that arriving exhausted by the intolerable heat of the season and the superhuman fatigue of the road, ye will have to face the Nazarene soldiers encased in armour!’
These arguments, which would have been logical if the struggle had not been in the cause of Allah, began to weaken the minds of those who were hesitating. As for those who were convinced, they could not get away from the unheard-of difficulties bound to be met with in feeding the troops, by reason of the dearth of provisions; and means of transport, in consequence of the scarcity of camels. Following the lack of pasturage, the majority of these animals that had not succumbed to hunger, were in a pitiful state of decline. All these circumstances were unfavorable; but no obstacle could stop the Chosen One.
As the “Hypocrites” met to conspire in the house of Suwaylim, a Jew, the Prophet sent Talha ibn Ubaydu’llah to burn their den. They said, “March not out in the heat.” Say: “A fiercer heat wilt be the fire of Hell! Little then let them laugh, and much let them weep as the meed of their doings.” (The Qur’an, ix, 82, 83.)
Caring nothing for his own toil, the Prophet spared no pains to impress upon his disciples the grandeur of the goal. So as to arouse general interest, he treated each man differently according to the inward aspirations of his being. If in some he awakened the pure hope of celestial satisfaction, suitable to their souls loving ideality; in others, he did not discourage hopes of material gratification, such as booty and profane pleasures.
Al-Jadd ibn Qays was a man of intrigue. He said to the Prophet: ‘Thou knowest that in my “qawm” no man loveth woman better than I. Now, I fear I shall not be able to restrain myself at the sight of the charming lasses of the Banu’l-Asfar. In that case, wilt thou blame me?’
The Prophet avoided answering. Al-Jadd interpreted such silence as showing that Mohammad promised to shut his eyes. The debauchee could not repress a start of joy, despite the presence of his son, who made a gesture of disapproval, and his father threw his sandal in the lad’s face.
Thanks to the indefatigable activity of their leader, it was not long before the Believers were carried away by enthusiasm. The difficulties to be overcome; the sacrifices to be made, instead of diminishing their optimism, only succeeded in feeding it, and those whose poverty or infirmities prevented them from joining the ranks of the fighters, became so sad that they were nicknamed the “Bakka’un,” or “Weepers.” Nevertheless, they are excused by this Revelation: “It is no crime in the weak, and in the sick, and in those who find not the means of contributing, to stay at home, provided that they are sincere with Allah and His Apostle. Nor in those who when they came to thee that thou shoulsdt mount them, and thou didst say: “I find not wherewith to mount you,” and turned away their eyes, and shed floods of tears for grief, because they found no means to contribute towards the expense.” (The Qur’an, ix, 92, 93.)
Moved by their despair, the Prophet made an urgent appeal to the devotion of all the Believers who, with admirable emulation, replied at once by bringing considerable sums. Abu Bakr placed the whole of his fortune at the disposition of the Prophet. Usman ibn Affan furnished ten thousand warriors with provisions and weapons. All vied with each other in acts of generosity and women stripped themselves of their most precious jewellery.
The expeditionary force was soon organised and numbered between thirty to forty thousand men; a figure hitherto unknown in Arabia. The troops were assembled at the Sanniyat-ul-Wida pass. Seeing the exaltation of the Believers, the “Hypocrites” considered it prudent to conceal their sentiments, but they arranged to group themselves together in the rear and when the army had disappeared behind the “Farewell Pass,” the shufflers dropped out, one after the other, and made their way back to Al-Madinah.
Their conduct was not surprising, but unfortunately their fatal advice had deterred four good Moslems from their duty: the poet Ka’b ibn Mabk, Murara ibnu’r-Rabi’, Hilal ibn Umayya and Abu Khaythama. The latter, suffocated by the extreme heat and also, perchance, by feelings of shame, went into his orchard, surrounded by protecting walls. It was there, under intertwining palms and vine-branches with leaves and grapes, which stretched like serpentine bind-weeds from one date-tree to another, that two shelters were erected, built of palm-tree trunks and foliage; so impervious to sunlight that the obscurity therein seemed to be the shades of night. To complete the resemblance, the mysterious darkness of each of these arbours was illuminated by a young woman’s face, as brilliant as the moon in the fulness of its fourteenth night.
Kindly attentive as well as beautiful, these loving spouses had carefully watered the sandy soil, whence arose exquisite, moist odours. Ingeniously, too, they had hung up, in draughty corners, oozing goat-skins in which water got to be as cool as snow; and they had prepared delicate dishes of which the aroma sufficed to excite the most rebellious appetite….
Abu Khaythama, bathed in sweat, powdered all over with sand, experienced a sensation of Eden-like comfort, when he glanced at the delights in readiness and was about to revel in enjoyment by lazily stretching his limbs on soft rugs. But, suddenly, the emerald-tinted reflection of the shade that gently caressed his tired eyes, was furrowed by the flash of a vision:
In a gloomy, wild, boundless space, beneath the deep azure hue of a cloudless sky, under the unbearable sting of a pitiless sun, a long line of human beings dragged itself along with difficulty, coming into view and then being lost to sight amid yellowish waves formed by rocks or sandheaps…. He recognised these mortals. They were his brethren in Islam. At their head was … Allah’s Chosen One!
‘The Prophet leads an expedition, under yon blazing sky! And Abu Khaythama is at rest, in this fresh shade, with fresh water and two fresh beauties! No! that cannot be!’ he cried; and turning to his wives, each of them hoping to gain the preference: ‘By Allah! I go not into the shelter of any among you! I rejoin the Prophet! Prepare my provisions for the journey; and that quickly!’
They obeyed. Releasing his camel, busy just then in drawing water, he clapped on the saddle. Then he took down his sword, spear and shield from where they were hanging, and without a look behind, abandoned fresh shade, fresh water and fresh beauties, to hurry in the track of the army. He rejoined it at Tabuk.
Meanwhile, after having followed the windings of the Wadi’l-Qura, a broad valley where the verdant splashes of colour of more than one oasis, encircling many villages or strongholds, stood out in gay, bold relief on the dull hue of the arid landscape, the expedition had reached the fringe of the frightful desert surrounding Al-Hijr, or Mada’in Salih, the Thamud country. The sight of this inhospitable region oppressed the hearts of the Believers. With its Harra, or burning soil cracked and laid waste by celestial flames that marked it with a distinguishing funereal hue of ashes and charcoal, it offered to their view the most startling image of a country cursed by the Almighty.
THE THAMUD COUNTRY
In the earliest ages, the idolatrous and debauched inhabitants of Thamud, proud of the prosperity of their seven towns and massive dwellings, hewn out of the solid rock, welcomed with derision the Prophet Salih, sent by Allah to lead them in the right path.
So as to show them that his mission was genuine, Salih implored the Most High to grant him the aid of a miracle. Thereupon, a rock split itself, with a roar which may be compared to that of ocean waves, and brought forth a wonder in the shape of a gigantic she-camel, wonderfully hairy and advanced ten months in pregnancy. She dropped a little foal, already weaned, and bearing an astonishing resemblance to its mother.
Miracles have nearly always been powerless to convert hardened sinners and the only result of this marvel was a recrudescence of perversity among the people of Thamud. To testify how little they valued such a portent, these impious wretches resolved to do away with the prodigy. With sharp blades, they studded the two steep sides of a narrow rocky pass, through which, each morning, the she-camel passed to graze in the plains. In the evening, returning with her little camel, she rushed through and tore her flanks most cruelly. The poor beast, quivering, uttered groans and, it is said, the echo thereof resounds even nowadays, from time to time. She dropped down and died at the egress of the defile that was called: “Al-Huwayra,”—the camel-foal—remarkable by reason of a rock that took on a faithful resemblance to the young animal.
Salih, after such sacrilege, realised how useless were his efforts, and called down the curse of Allah on the head of the Thamud people, upon whom punishment was quickly inflicted: “And they hewed them out secure abodes in the mountains * But they rebelled against their Lord’s command: so the tempest took them as they watched its coming … * So that they were not able to stand upright, and could not help themselves…. * We sent against them a single shout; and they became like the dry sticks of the fold-builders.” (The Qur’an, xv, 82. li, 44, 46. liv, 31.)
Ever since the wrath of Heaven destroyed its inhabitants, the country of Thamud is deserted. The abodes of this ungodly people alone were left and are still remaining. Under the brows of their frontals, the wide-open doors look like the pupils of fantastic eyes, dilated by the horror of the formidable sight they witnessed. The crevices scarring the walls seem, likewise, to be mouths distorted by affright and calling out to those who dare set foot in this desolate domain: “Admire by our example, the vanity of mortals’ pride and the emptiness of their undertakings. Who can describe the mighty efforts by which our masters carved us out of the heart of the mountain and adorned us with slender pillars and graceful sculpture? Sheltered in our bosom, stronger than iron, were they wrong to reckon that they were in perfect safety?
“How mad were they! In vain their contracted hands clung despairingly to the angles of our walls, the storm of divine wrath passed over them … and they disappeared for evermore. Even we tottered on our foundations like unto the limbs of a man devoured by fever whose teeth chatter noisily. If we were spared, it was only so that we might serve as a lesson to travellers straying into our mournful land.”
When the army of the Believers penetrated into the midst of strangely-shaped stone blocks, emerging like reefs from a sea of sand, and showing in their smooth sides the dark openings that were the abodes of the people of Thamud, the Prophet covered his face with a corner of his mantle, so as to avoid looking at these vestiges of impiety. He closed his mouth and nostrils, not wishing to breathe the impure air emanating from the ruins, and urged on his camel to get away from them as quickly as possible.
Fearing lest irresistible curiosity might lead the Soldiers of Islam astray, he exhorted them thus: ‘If ye enter these dens of the ungodly, do so only with tears in your eyes as ye recall their sad fate.’ He knew that tears of this kind, welling up by reason of such terrible remembrances, would cause the attraction of curiosity to be dominated by fear of the Almighty. Impressed, however, by the strangeness of these dwellings, seemingly those of superhuman beings or evil spirits; and by the deathly silence that reigned in these parts where formerly a powerful people lived a riotous life of pride and debauchery, the Faithful sought but to follow the example of their inspired guide and flee from the accursed ruins.
Besides, the soldiers were urged onwards by thirst; and when, in the midst of the sandy plains, the famous well of the Thamud people came in sight where the she-camel of the miracle used to drink, they broke their ranks in the greatest disorder, trying to outstrip each other, racing to be the first to slake their thirst. The Prophet, who had been unable to restrain them, hurried along with his she-camel, caught them up, and gave his orders in accents of great severity: ‘Beware of that water, tainted by impiety. Take care not to use it for drinking purposes; nor for your ablutions; nor for cooking your food! Let all who have drunk of it, vomit it forth! Those who have kneaded “hays” with it must throw that “hays” to their camels! Those who have used it to cook their victuals must scatter those victuals on the ground without touching them!’ To put an end to all temptation, he ordered the march to be resumed, without taking into account the fatigue or the thirst of his troops.
His face still veiled by a fold of his mantle, the Prophet, obeyed and followed blindly by his soldiers, among whom deception and suffering had not caused the slightest murmur, soon reached the entrance to the narrow, weird pass of the “Mabraku’n-Naqa.”
Skirted on each side by crags from one hundred and fifty to two hundred cubits high, the dark defile produced the most sinister impression. The Faithful felt their breasts shrinking as if crushed between the dizzy dominating walls. What they most feared was to hear the resounding echoes of the miraculous, disembowelled she-camel. In that case, no power on earth could have mastered the mad terror that must have overwhelmed the animals ridden by the soldiers. By dint of wild leaps and bounds, the camels would have thrown off their loads of arms and food, and ridding themselves of their drivers, taken to flight; when, after throwing down and trampling all those who might have tried to stop them, the men must have been abandoned on foot in the midst of the most frightful of all deserts.
The slightest noises, amplified by the sonorous echoes of the rocky heights, made the Believers start and shudder. They went on in the most profound silence, thinking only of how best to speed their camels. At last the lugubrious passage was traversed; the soldiers’ breath came and went normally in their breasts now relieved of all oppression, and a wide, open space, suitable for pitching the tents, offered itself to their gaze.
When the Believers had finished the work of encampment, the Prophet warned them that a heavy tempest would rage during the night, and he enjoined them solemnly: ‘Let those in charge of camels tie them securely and no man leave his tent without a companion.’
They had scarcely time to give a look at the hobbles of their beasts than the Prophet’s prediction began to come true. The sun had set, covered by a misty veil, contrasting with its habitual sumptuous purple; its rayless pallor was the sign of an extraordinary storm.
All of a sudden, a brownish curtain sprung up from the horizon, to drag in its moving folds the orb of day, and the shades of coming night took on a tarry tint. The darkness thickened to such an extent that each man might have thought he was struck blind. A strange rumbling sound arose from the depth of the desert and approached with incredible rapidity, soon changing its deafening uproar which might have been taken for the hissing of monstrous vipers, accompanied by diabolical vociferation. At the same moment, the camp was crushed by a gigantic whirling spout of sand, tearing away in its gyrations everything that was not securely fastened. The pitchy darkness gave way to yellow obscurity, still more impenetrable to the eye.
Sheltered behind their camels, turning their backs to the tempest whilst shuddering and snorting in terror, the Faithful veiled their faces and covered their arms and legs, so as to guarantee their limbs against the fury of the raging sand that sank painfully into their flesh like thousands of wasps’ stings. The soldiers flattened themselves face downwards on the ground, digging in their nails; holding fast in fear of being swept away like flock of wool….
Despite the horror of the hour, two soldiers forgot the formal directions of the Prophet. One of them, urged by necessity, left the encampment and at once fell suffocated. The other tried to run after his maddened camel that had broken its trammels and galloped away, only to be caught immediately in the whirlwind, and rolled round and round in its spirals, like a pebble spinning when hurled from a sling; and he was whisked up to the summit of the Jabala Tay. When told of this, the Prophet exclaimed: ‘Did I not forbid you to leave the camp without a companion?’
He invoked the Mercy of the Compassionate in favour of the suffocated soldier who gradually regained consciousness and came back to life. As for the other victim, the Tay mountains restored him when the expedition returned.
The hurricane, at last, after having exhausted its impotent fury against the soldiers of Allah, passed away to ravage other regions and the Faithful had no further accidents to deplore. But they were broken down by their former difficult marches; and that night, instead of granting invigorating rest, only brought them fresh fatigue. The simoon having dried up the last vestiges of moisture in their bodies, their thickened blood circulated difficultly in their veins and the beatings of their temples led to unbearable singing in the ears.
What would become of them on the long road they still had to travel before reaching the first well? The aspect of the surrounding country was not at all calculated to encourage them. They fancied that they were tramping through the ruins of a world destroyed by an inconceivable outbreak of fire. A black line marked the horizon: the never-ending Harra, which seemed in some parts to be formed of coal, soot and ashes; and in others, of iron congealed when molten, with enormous bubbles which, in bursting, had laid great crevices open, bordered with scattered slag as sharp as broken glass….
There, at any rate, the flames were extinguished, whereas, on the way they went, fires seemed to be still smouldering. Blocks of rock rose up on all sides, like a real forest, and by their shape and colour, they could bear comparison with gigantic tree-trunks, partly calcined and partly incandescent. Some were distorted in such strange fashion that, in the eyes of the Faithful, they looked like mouthing demons escaped from Hell and posted where they stood to revel in the torments of Allah’s soldiers passing by.
Slippery slabs and pointed black stones of volcanic origin covered the earth, except where it was carpeted by sand of dazzling whiteness which, by its intense reverberation, kindled myriads of white-hot embers under every stone and in all the windings and turnings of the crags and peaks. Even in the depths of the sapphire sky, a hovering vulture and a rare fleeting cloud were tinted with a bright orange hue, as if they reflected the blaze of an immense furnace. To complete the illusion, lofty pillars of sand hung over all these remains, like columns of smoke issuing from a badly-extinguished conflagration.
The Believers’ eyes, inflamed by the sandstorm, reddened by the refraction on the dunes, produced—even in their sockets—the effect of burning embers. Each time they put their feet, lacerated by the pebbles of the Hammada, to the overheated ground, their sufferings were unbearable. Their thickened saliva, mixed with impalpable dust, formed a firm paste, which the throat would not allow to pass. Their skin, stretched as on a drumhead, resounded at the slightest touch, cracking in broad furrows, and split lips made speech impossible.
Some of the soldiers were a prey to delirium, caused by thirst; a sure sign of death. To bring them back to life, the only resource of their companions was to make the sufferers drink the liquid contained in the stomach of a slaughtered camel, and to plaster the dying man’s parched breast with the still moist residue.
The Prophet endured the sufferings of each of his disciples, but at no moment was his confidence shaken; he knew that if Allah often sees fit to put His servants to the test, never does He abandon them. So Mohammad never ceased to implore His mercy.
Would the day never come to an end? The sun, as if fastened in the sky by invisible bonds, at last seemed determined to come down to earth. The orb was veiled, as on the preceding eve; its ruby disc was swallowed up on the horizon by the dark cloud in waiting and which, travelling fast towards the zenith, covered the camp with an ebony canopy, fringed with stalactites reflecting coppery tints. A series of lightning flashes struck furiously against the sides of this cupola, breaking it into a thousand fragments. From between them, large drops of rain escaped, and then came more and more, to be followed at last by a diluvian downpour. The poor, parched soldiers shuddered delightfully in feelings of indescribable comfort when the blessed shower, soaking through their garments, refreshed their racked limbs; and they rushed to quench their thirst at the numerous pools which the waters of the heavens, rolling in cascades on the bare slopes, formed in every depression of the soil.
The Pilgrims of Mount Arafa, on the Ninth Day of the month of Zu’l Hijjah.
Thus reinvigorated, and their goat-skins filled again, the Believers joyfully resisted the fatigue of the march between each successive halting-place and finally emerged, safe and sound, from that accursed region.
ARRIVAL AND SOJOURN OF THE PROPHET AT TABUK
A vast plain of sparkling sand, streaked by a thin line of a beautiful peacock blue, now spread itself out to the gaze of the Prophet and his men. This line, the goal of their efforts, soon became notched; and at last appeared, sharply outlined on the turquoise sky, the slender tufts of the palm-trees of which it was formed.
This was the oasis of Tabuk! No pen can describe the joy of those, who having endured the anguish of thirst, arrived at this safe haven, an oasis of date-trees; nor give an idea of the expression on their faces when, having slaked their thirst and performed their ablutions, they looked down on the crystal water rippling in the “Sawaqi;” nor of their satisfaction when they laid themselves down in the light shade of the palm-trees.
The Prophet’s soldiers had got through the hardest part of their task. They had triumphed over the obstacles opposed to them by Nature, and henceforward could look with deep disdain on any barriers formed by the weapons of the Infidels. Besides, thanks to the fantastic rapidity with which tidings travel through the desert, their arrival at Tabuk soon came to the ears of the Christians and the Syrian Arabs who had formed a coalition to fight the Believers.
The enemies of Allah were overcome by stupor, for they had felt certain that if the Prophet should try to carry out his audacious plan at such a time of year, the bones of all the men of his army would be scattered over the lonely Hijaz wilderness.
Therefore, in spite of their enormous numerical superiority, they concluded that any struggle against forty thousand Believers who had just accomplished this prodigious feat would be madness, and finish by overwhelming their opponents with indescribable disaster. Strife broke the ranks of their innumerable army, and each party it comprised fled towards its own part of the country without having dared to face the Prophet. The pitiful helter-skelter retreat of the allies enhanced the magic power of Islam as greatly as the most brilliant victory; and if Mohammad had not been kept back by the necessity of fulfilling his mission in the Hijaz before any other undertaking, he could have penetrated in the depth of the Palatinat almost without striking a blow.
As it was, established at Tabuk, he received the eager submission of the Arab lords who hurried to him, one and all, coming not only from the vicinity, but also from distant regions, such as those of Sinai and Syria. Alone, the proud Prince of “Dawmatu’l-Jandal,” an important town situated on the outskirts of the “Nefud” (Desert of Red Sand), having refused submission, the Prophet sent Khalid the Terrible to him; and he was brought to his knees at once.
During the few weeks’ rest granted to his army, Mohammad never ceased the work of organising the country and teaching new converts.
One event only saddened him in his success: the death of a most devoted comrade, known as “Dhu Nijadayn,” (the man with the two shoulder-belts). To prove to all in what esteem he held this perfect Mussulman, he insisted in helping, with his own noble hands, the gravedigger to lower the body into the earth, and Ibn Mas’ud, jealous at seeing the dead man so highly honoured, exclaimed: ‘Ah! why am I not buried in that tomb?’
THE PROPHET GOES BACK TO AL-MADINAH
The return journey took place without any incident worthy of narration. The hot months having gone by, the army was spared the pangs of thirst; and during the first days of the month of Ramadhan, the soldiers re-entered Al-Madinah.
In such a moment, in the midst of the acclamations greeting the returning, energetic soldiers, the perfidious “qawm” of the “Hypocrites” knew not where to turn to hide their shame. To palliate their meanness, they invoked the most specious pretexts in vain. The Apostle did not even deign to honour them by resentment, reserved for the shaming of the three Ansars, deterred from their duty by the double-faced crew.
Despite the repentant humility of the abashed men, the Prophet sentenced them most rigorously by putting them under interdict and forbidding the Believers to have anything to do with them. The delinquents were completely isolated and the Faithful fled from them as if they were plague-stricken. Allah, notwithstanding, moved by their remorse, pardoned them:
“He hath also turned in Mercy unto the three who were left behind, so that the earth, spacious as it is, became too strait for them; and their souls became so straitened within them, that they bethought them that there was no refuge from Allah but unto Himself. Then was he turned to them that they might turn to him. Verily Allah is He that turneth, the Merciful!” (The Qur’an, ix, 119.)
The “Ghazwah” of Tabuk was the last expedition led by the Prophet. To conclude the conquest of Arabia, he was satisfied thenceforth to send his lieutenants to accomplish a certain number of “Saraya” or expeditions, all fully successful, but which it would take too long to describe here.
He dwelt in Al-Madinah, kept busy in receiving the numerous submissions brought about by the victories of Islam. There were those of the Princes of Dawmatu’l-Jandal; of the Yaman; of the Uman, of Buhayra; of the Yamama; of Taif; of Najran, etc. He also devoted his energies to the most difficult task of governing the Arabs, for the first time united to form a people of brothers; and in his work as legislator, he displayed the resources of as much genius as when he was at the head of his armies.
About this time, the famous chief of the “Hypocrites,” Abdullah ibn Salul, died. Seized with remorse in his last moments, Abdullah implored Mohammad’s pardon and, despite the objections of ungovernable Umar, the Prophet was not to be stopped from saying prayers over the body of his perfidious foe and burying him with his own hands. After this proof of clemency and forgetfulness of offences, there no longer remained a single “Hypocrite” in Al-Madinah.
In his turn, Ka’b ibn Zuhayr, who had passed his life in composing virulent satires against the Prophet, came to be converted by him, and recited a poem which he had written in his honour. When Ka’b got as far as the fifty-first verse:
“The Messenger of Allah is a flaming sword illuminating mortals; a sword of India, unsheathed by Allah,” Mohammad pardoned him, making him a present of his mantle which he threw over the poet’s shoulders.
After the return of his victorious lieutenants, the Prophet despatched missionaries to the newly-converted tribes, in order to prevent them backsliding by introducing any of their past superstitions into the religion.
One of the principal missionaries was Mu’adh ibn Jabal, who was about to set out for the Yaman. So that all should see the consideration he attached to the mission entrusted to Mu’adh, the Prophet bound a turban round his envoy’s head, helped him to mount his camel, and walked by the animal’s side, giving final instructions. Mu’adh confused, made as if to alight, but Mohammad stopped him. ‘Remain in the saddle, O sincere friend!’ he said. ‘I follow the orders of Heaven and satisfy my heart. It is needful that a man performing important duties should be honoured. Ah! if only I had hopes of seeing thee again, I should cut our conversation short; but probably I now speak to thee for the last time.’ Much moved, they separated; never to meet again in this world….
In the month of Zu’l-Qa’dah, the Apostle, ever mindful of the religious and political importance of the pilgrimage to Makkah, sent Abu Bakr to accomplish it at the head of three hundred Mussulmans. Scarcely had Abu Bakr reached Zu’l Holifah, when the Surah of “Bara’ah” was revealed:
“O Believers! only they who join gods with Allah (that is to say, those who in any way whatsoever, associate Allah the Only One with other divinities or persons) are unclean! Let them not therefore, after this their year, come near the Sacred Temple (of Makkah).” (The Qur’an, ix, 28.)
This Surah, remarkable as being the only one in the Qur’an without the introductory form: “In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate,” was of the greatest importance, in so far as the pilgrimage was concerned. It forbid all who were not Mussulmans from setting foot in Holy Territory and even nowadays this prohibition being rigorously enforced, the pilgrims of Islam are safeguarded against enemy spies, and protected from the unseemly curiosity of foreigners.
This was also the final blow struck at idolatry among the Arabs who could no longer come to Makkah unless they disowned their idols. Consequently, the Prophet charged Ali to rejoin the pilgrims’ caravan in all haste and recite this imperative Surah to the assembled Faithful, after the sacrifices had been made in the valley of Mina.
THE VALEDICTORY PILGRIMAGE
(Zul-Hijjah, in Year X of the Hegira, March A.D. 632)
The following year, the Prophet determined to lead the pilgrimage to Makkah personally. Since the Hegira, he had only accomplished the “Amratu’l-Qada,” or pious visitation, at a time when Makkah had not yet been entirely won over to Islam. Now the “Hajj u’l-Akbar,” or Greater Pilgrimage, which imposes, besides the visit to the Sacred Temple of Allah, a visit to the mountain of Arafa, or of Recognition, (so called because our first parents, Adam and Eve, met each other there after having been driven out of Paradise), is one of the five pillars of the practical religion of Islam.
Mohammad also wished to see his native land for the last time, having a presentiment of his coming end, for he felt himself secretly undermined by the vestiges of poison remaining in his veins. He solemnly announced his intention. The idea of seeing the Apostle of Allah and accomplishing the pilgrimage with him, stirred the enthusiasm of the whole of Arabia, and the number of pilgrims who accompanied him from Al-Madinah or joined him on the way, may be set down at about hundred thousand.
At Zu’l Hobfah, all the Faithful, following the Prophet’s example, put themselves in the state of “Ihram,” as described in the chapter of al-Hudaibiyah, and assumed the robe also called “Ihram,” consisting of two seamless wrappers free from any dye likely to stain the skin. One piece of drapery is wrapped round the waist and the other, thrown loosely over the shoulders, covers the chest; the head, arms, and legs being left bare. After the Prophet had proclaimed the “Talbiyah,” the pilgrims took it up in chorus: “I stand up for thy service, O Allah! There is no Partner with Thee! Verily Thine is the Praise, the Blessing and the Kingdom!“
During the journey, two unimportant incidents arose which we note nevertheless, because they show that a pilgrim is obliged to suppress all feelings of impatience or anger. The camel of Safiyah, one of the Prophet’s wives, was a slow animal, and being heavily laden, did not keep up with the caravan, despite the efforts of its driver. Ayishah’s camel, possessing a good turn of speed and lightly burdened, Mohammad, after having tried to explain these facts to its fair rider, gave orders to change the loads of the two animals. But this displeased Ayishah. She lost her temper and cried out: ‘Thou sayest thou art Prophet? Then why not do things justly?’
No sooner had these words escaped her lips, than her father, Abu Bakr, slapped her face; and as Mohammad upbraided him, he replied: ‘Didst hear what she said?’—’Yea; but she must be excused. The essence of a woman’s mind is jealousy; and when jealousy masters her, she is incapable of seeing in what direction runs the current of a wadi!’
On arriving at the encampment of Al-Arj, the camel carrying the provisions of the Prophet and of Abu Bakr was missing. Ayishah’s father laid the blame on the driver: ‘How’s this? Thou hadst but one camel to look after and thou hast let it go astray?’ Carried away by great anger, Abu Bakr, with his whip, gave the man a good hiding. ‘Admire the conduct of this pilgrim in the state of “Ihram!”‘ said the Prophet, ironically. ‘Come now, O Abu Bakr, be calm, and rest assured that thy serving-man’s sole desire was not to lose thy camel.’
The caravan took the same road as that of the pious visitation. The Prophet entered Makkah in open day, and made his she-camel kneel in front of the entrance of the Sacred Precincts, called the “Door of Salvation,” and on catching sight of the Ka’bah, he exclaimed: ‘O Allah, increase the glory of this Temple and the number of its visitors!’
After three ablutions, he kissed the Black Stone, whilst tears welled up in his eyes. He then performed the “Tawaf,” and the “Sa’y,” in the same way as during the pious visit.
On the eighth day of the month of Zu’l-Hijjah, he went to the valley of Mina where he caused a tent of woollen stuff to be pitched; and it was there he said the prayers of the afternoon; of sunset; and of nightfall. Next day, after the prayer of the “Fajr,” he once more bestrode his she-camel, al-Qaswa, in order to reach the mountain of Arafa.
Countless crowds having gathered on the mountain’s rocky slopes, as well as on the plain and in the surrounding ravines, the Prophet preached, remaining on his she-camel which he had ridden and halted on the summit. Standing immediately beneath him, was Rabiyah ibn Ummayatah, posted there to repeat the words of the sermon, with his resounding voice, during a pause made for that purpose at the conclusion of each sentence.
After Allah had been glorified by the “Takbir,” the Prophet exhorted the Faithful to treat their wives with the greatest gentleness, and never to forget that the rights of spouses are equal to their duties. He explicitly forbade the exaction of any interest whatsoever on money lent; and no murders committed during the “days of ignorance” were to be avenged. He fixed the duration of the year at twelve lunar months; and declared that the “Nasi,” which added a month every three years to reestablish equilibrium and bring the same dates back to the same seasons, was impious and must be abolished….
He then concluded, as he cried: ‘O Believers, your blood and your belongings ought to be looked upon as holy to each of you, even as this day is holy and as this land is holy! O Believers, remember what I say, for I know not if ever I shall be with you again on this spot, when this day is past. And, above all, never forget that every Mussulman should be truly a brother to every other Mussulman, for all the Mussulmans in the world form a single people of brothers!… O Allah! have I fulfilled my Mission?’—’Yea, verily, O Allah!’ replied in unanimous outcry the hundred thousand mouths of the pilgrims, in accents of the most ardent gratitude.—’O Allah! hearken to their testimony!’ cried Mohammad.
At another spot, near the summit of the Arafa, and known by the name of “As-Sakhrah,” recognisable by being paved with broad slabs, a sudden Revelation came down to the Prophet. Under the burden of Divine Inspiration penetrating the heart of her rider, the she-camel al-Qaswa came nigh to breaking all her limbs, and she fell on her knees.
Here are the words of Allah, the Most High: “This day have I perfected your religion for you, and have filled up the measure of my favours towards you; and it is my pleasure that Islam be your religion….” (The Qur’an, v, 5.)
This Revelation, terminating the Prophet’s sermon which had so deeply touched the Believers, stirred up the purest enthusiasm in the whole of the Assembly.
Nevertheless, Abu Bakr, far from participating in the general joy, was seized with a fit of intense melancholy, and was unable to hold back the tears that filled his eyes. He thought that having found favour in the eyes of the Almighty, His mercy was bound to decrease. Knowing that his son-in-law’s Mission was terminated, Abu Bakr was afraid that the Prophet would soon disappear from this world….
The indigo shades of night had fallen over the valley and spread along the slopes of the Arafa. All by himself, on the mountain top, overlooking the great multitude of pilgrims, the Prophet, on the back of his tall she-camel, still remained in the light of the last golden rays of sunset. His glance, ecstatic by faith, was resplendent with superhuman brilliancy; but his face, emaciated by illness, had taken on the immaterial aspect of a vision about to fade…. The rising shadows reached and veiled him….
It was now the turn of the companions of the Prophet to find themselves overcome by the same mournful apprehension that Abu Bakr had felt, although scarcely a few moments before, they were manifesting their joy at hearing that their religion had been perfected by Allah…. By degrees, their emotion was communicated to the entire assembly of the Believers and their hundred thousand hearts were filled with the keenest anguish.
The Prophet gave the signal of departure; but to prevent the accidents which any haste would inevitably cause among the great masses of such a gathering, he tugged the bridle of swift Qaswa to him, twisting her head round until her nostrils touched her ribs, whilst he slid on to her withers; unceasingly exhorting all: ‘Go quietly, O ye people!’
On arriving at Muzdalifa, he said the prayer, “Isha,” and next day, after the daybreak prayer, riding his she-camel, led by Bilal, and protected from the sun by a mantle that Usama, riding behind him, held over his head, he went into the valley of Mina, in order to throw seven stones against each of the three pillars of rude masonry, called “Jumurat.” This is in commemoration of the pebbles thrown by Abraham to drive away the Devil who thrice tried to stop him at that spot.
After that, the Prophet, to prove his gratitude for the sixty-three years of life granted to him by the Creator, freed sixty-three slaves and, with his own hands, sacrificed sixty-three camels, their flesh and skins being distributed among the pilgrims by Ali, acting under Mohammad’s orders. He then had his head shaved by Mi’mar ibn Abdullah, who commenced at the right temple and finished at the left. Finally, after having once more performed the “Tawaf” round the Kab’ah, and drunk for the last time some Zamzam water in a vase offered to him by his uncle Abbas, the Superintendent of the Well, he set out again on the road to Al-Madinah.
Such was the pilgrimage called the “Valedictory Visitation,” which overwhelmed the Believers with such deep emotion by apprising them that Mohammad’s Mission was fulfilled. This pilgrimage serves as a pattern for all the pilgrimages which, during thirteen centuries, have brought annually to these Holy Places, one hundred and fifty to two hundred thousand pilgrims, collected from all parts of the universe.
Any pilgrimage, be the religion giving rise to it what it may, causes inexpressible emotion by the sight of so many faces beaming with faith; and the most sceptical among the onlookers finds it difficult to escape the contagion of this outbreak of fervour. But, among the majority of the spectators, inadmissible practices soon overcome sympathetic feelings and change them into aversion. At Makkah, doubtless, as in all religious centres without exception, pilgrims are ruthlessly exploited; but in this city, at least, the traffickers may be excused: they dwell in the most inhospitable of all deserts and have no other means of getting a living.
What makes the Mussulman pilgrimage essentially different to any other, is the absence of those innumerable chapels, whose narrow arches imprison souls, hampering them as they soar towards the Creator and holding them back on earth at the mercy of the clergy. Here are no fetishes, such as statuettes or miraculous icons, surrounded by their procession of votive offerings; nor that multitude of saints, their worship taking the place of that of the “Eternal,” generally neglected on these occasions. There are also none of those monks clad in varied gowns, all jealous of each other; quarrelling over pilgrims and religious resorts for the greater glory of their sect or order.
At Makkah, prayers are said in the vast quadrangular courtyard surrounding the Ka’bah; the ethereal vault of heaven takes the place of the masonry work of chapel roofs and, purified from all its mists, it opens to souls thirsting for ideal good, its lapis-lazuli depths, more vertiginous here than in any other part of the world. At Makkah, nothing is worshipped except Allah, the Chosen One, and pilgrims seek the remembrance of Abraham and Mohammad for no other reason than to strengthen the fervour of their faith by following the Prophet’s example. They never pray to these Prophets in the same way as Christians adore their saints; on the contrary, Moslems pray to Allah for their prophets.
The gates of the Ka’bah enclosure are open day and night. The pilgrim hurries there as soon as he gets to Makkah. At the sight of the temple draped in black, the object of his unceasing thoughts during the severe ordeals of the journey, in the midst of sandstorms or tempest-tossed, he is overtaken by such emotion that in this moment of superhuman ecstasy, he wishes his soul to be snatched away. Sobbing, his breast heaving fitfully, under the influence of remorse, his face convulsed by shame, he approaches the Black Stone to kiss it, exclaiming: ‘O Allah! pardon me my sins; free my being from their burden and purify my heart, O Thou, the most Merciful among the Compassionate!’
When the hour of prayer is called by the Muazzin, the spacious quadrangle is invaded by a veritable sea of Believers; their hurrying waves scarcely leaving in the serried ranks the needful space for prostration. Following one of the “Takbirs” of the Imam, said after him in an immense sigh escaping simultaneously from every breast, a great swell passes over all the Faithful, causing every head to be bowed, like billows breaking.
At another “Takbir,” it seems that the ground suddenly gives way under the pilgrims’ feet. At one bound, every forehead is pressed to the earth, where the body of each man remains crushed by the threefold weight of Contrition, Gratitude and Adoration; like so many rays converging in the direction of the Temple which seems to be made still taller by the added height of the prostrated pilgrims. Above them, the black silk veil undulates, stirred by the gusts of a mysterious breeze which many attribute to angels’ beating wings.
The Assembly of the Arafa is distinguished by quite as much grandeur. In a wild valley stands the conical mountain of Arafa. Its slopes, bare of all vegetation, bristle with enormous boulders. There is no sign of life on its sides, nor in the neighbourhood; all around is the image of desolation and the silence of death. But every year, on the ninth day of the month of Zu’l-Hijjah, the funereal landscape evokes most strikingly the future Day of Resurrection.
Soil, sand and rocks disappear, truly cloaked by human beings, enwrapped in their white “ihrams,” and who might be taken for the resuscitated dead, freeing themselves from their shrouds after having lifted the rocks which were their gravestones. As it will happen on that supreme day, all the earth’s races are represented in the countless crowds gathered together at this spot, deserted but a short time before. Here some Arabs, with eyes of eagles, their complexion of a reddish bronze; Ottomans, their features showing them to be energetic and headstrong; Hindoos, with faces clear-cut and olive-tinted; Berbers, fair-haired and rosy-cheeked, their eyes blue; Somalis and Soudanese, their black skins shining in the sun with lunar gleams; refined Persians; bold Turcomans; yellow Chinese, with closed eyelids; Javanese, high cheek-boned, etc…. Nowhere else in the world can such a variety of faces and languages be met with.
After the prayer of the “Asr,” (afternoon), the “Khatib,” or preacher, riding his she-camel, gorgeously harnessed, appears on the summit of the Arafa where the sermon is given forth, interrupted by frequent “Talbiyahs”: “Labbaika! Allahummah! Labbaika!” (I stand up for Thy service, O Allah! I stand up! I stand up!)
At each “Talbiyah,” the pilgrims wave the ends of their white draperies over their heads and the whole mountain seems to be palpitating under the beating of myriads of wings ready to fly, whilst a lengthy clamour rises to the sky from every part of the valley, reverberating in the sonorous echoes of the desert. “Labbaika! Allahummah! Labbaika!” shout two hundred thousand pilgrims with one voice, neglecting their own idioms, so as to become united in the same tongue: that of the Arabs, chosen by the Almighty for the Revelation of His Book.
In that sublime hour, in language as well as by the heart, all these mortals are cordially brothers. They have forgotten all their racial differences, distinctions of rank or caste, and all their political and religious feuds…. On the Arafa, Islam once more finds its perfect unity and its primitive outbreak of enthusiasm. What great consolation! What balm for some of its wounds!
Quoth the Prophet: ‘The Moslems are as one body; the pain in any single limb gives rise to fever and insomnia in the whole of the frame.’
On the Arafa, Islam has nothing to fear from enemy spies; it can make good its losses and prepare its future. Despite its disasters, it is more alive than ever! Such is the impression of this unforgettable day, that each of the assistants takes back with him to his own country, as well as the title, so greatly envied, of “Haji,” signifying Pilgrim to the Holy Places.
Say: Go through the earth, and see how He hath brought forth created beings.