Some of the Truths as to why the Great Jamahiriya was Destroyed

Mu in France DECEMBER of 2007

Mahmoud Jibril and al-Qathafi’s Wealth Redistribution Project

http://dissidentvoice.org/2011/10/mahmoud-jibril-and-gaddafi%E2%80%99s-wealth-redistribution-project/

Colonel Muammar al-Qathafi symbolizes many things to many different people around the world. Love or hate the Libyan leader, under his rule Libya transformed from one of the poorest countries on the face of the planet into the country with the highest living standards in Africa. In the words of Professor Henri Habibi:

When Libya was granted its independence by the United Nations on December 24, 1951, it was described as one of the poorest and most backward nations of the world. The population at the time was not more than 1.5 million, was over 90% illiterate, and had no political experience or knowhow. There were no universities, and only a limited number of high schools which had been established seven years before independence.1

al-Qathafi had many grand plans. Many of them were of a pan-African nature. This included the formation of a United States of Africa.

al-Qathafi’s Pan-African Projects

Colonel al-Qathafi started the Great Man-Made River. The Great Man-Made River is a massive project to transform the Sahara Desert and reverse the desertification of Africa. The Great Man-Made River with its irrigation plans was also intended to help the agricultural sector in other parts of Africa. This project was one of the victims of NATO’s attacks on Libya.

al-Qathafi also envisioned independent pan-African financial institutions. The Libyan Investment Authority and the Libyan Foreign Bank were important players in setting up these institutions. Gaddafi, through the Libyan Foreign Bank and the Libyan Investment Authority, was instrumental in setting up Africa’s first satellite network, the Regional African Satellite Communication Organization (RASCOM), to reduce African dependence on external powers.2

It is believed that his crowning achievement would have been the creation of the United States of Africa. The supranational entity would have been created through the African Investment Bank, the African Monetary Fund, and finally the African Central Bank. These institutions were all viewed with animosity by the European Union, United States, International Monetary Fund (IMF), and World Bank.

al-Qathafi’s Wealth Redistribution Project

al-Qathafi had a wealth redistribution project inside Libya. U.S. Congressional sources in a report to the U.S. Congress even acknowledge this. On February 18, 2011 the report stated:

In March 2008, [Colonel al-Qathafi] announced his intention to dissolve most government administrative bodies and institute a Wealth Distribution Program whereby state oil revenues would be distributed to citizens on a monthly basis for them to administer personally, in cooperation, and via local committees. Citing popular criticism of government performance in a long, wide ranging speech, [he] repeatedly stated that the traditional state would soon be “dead” in Libya and that direct rule by citizens would be accomplished through the distribution of oil revenues. [The military], foreign affairs, security, and oil production arrangements reportedly would remain national government responsibilities, while other bodies would be phased out. In early 2009, Libya’s Basic People’s Congresses considered variations of the proposals, and the General People’s Congress voted to delay implementation.3

The Wealth Redistribution Project, along with the establishment of an anarchist political system, was viewed as a very serious threat by the U.S., the E.U., and a group of corrupt Libyan officials. If successful it could have created political unrest amongst many domestic populations around the world. Internally, many Libyan officials were working to delay the project.

Why Mahmoud Jibril Joined the Transitional Council

Amongst the Libyan officials who was opposed to this project and viewed it with horror was Mahmoud Jibril. Jibril was put into place by Saif Al-Islam Gaddafi. Because of strong influence and advice from the U.S. and the E.U., Saif Al-Islam selected Jibril to transform the Libyan economy and impose neo-liberal economic reforms.

Jibril would become the head of two bodies in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, the National Planning Council of Libya and National Economic Development Board of Libya. While the National Economic Development Board was a regular ministry, the National Planning Council would actually put Jibril in a government position above that of the equivalent of the prime minister–the Office of the General-Secretary of the People’s Committee of Libya. Jibril actually was one of the forces that opened the doors for privatization and poverty in Libya.

About six months before the conflict erupted in Libya, Mahmoud Jibril actually met with Bernard-Henri Lévy in Australia to discuss forming the Transitional Council and deposing al-Qathafi.4 He described al-Qathafi’s Wealth Redistribution Project as “crazy” in minutes and documents from the National Economic Development Board of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.5 Jibril believed that the masses were not fit to govern themselves and that an elite should control the fate and wealth of any nation. What Jibril wanted to do is downsize the government and layoff a large segment of the public sector, but in exchange increase government regulations in Libya. He would also always cite Singapore as the perfect example of a neo-liberal state. While in Singapore, which he regularly visited, it is likely that he meet with Bernard-Henri Lévy.

When the problems erupted in Benghazi, Mahmoud Jibril immediately went to Cairo, Egypt. He told his colleagues that he would be back in Tripoli soon, but he had no intention of returning. In reality, he went to Cairo to meet the leaders of the Syrian National Council and Lévy. They were all waiting for him to coordinate the events in Libya and Syria. This is one of the reasons that the Transitional Council has recognized the Syrian National Council as the legitimate government of Syria.

Mahmoud Jibril is now the prime minister of the Transitional Council of Libya. The opposition of Jibril to al-Qathafi’s Wealth Redistribution Project and his elitist attitude are amongst the reasons he conspired against al-Qathafi and helped form the Transitional Council. Is this ex-regime official, who has always been an open supporter of the Arab dictators in the Persian Gulf, really a representative of the people?

  1. Henri Pierre Habib, Politics and Government of Revolutionary Libya (Montmagny, Québec: Le Cercle de Livre de France Ltée, 1975), p.1. []

  2. Regional African Satellite Communication Organization, “Launch of the Pan African Satellite,” July 26, 2010. []

  3. Christopher M. Blanchard and James Zanotti, “Libya Christopher M. Blanchard and James Zanotti, “Libya: Background and U.S. Relations,” Congressional Research Service, February 18, 2011,” Congressional Research Service, February 18, 2011, p.22. []

  4. Private discussions with Mahmoud Jiribil’s co-workers inside and outside of Libya. []

  5. Internal private documents from the National Economic Development Board []

Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya is a Sociologist and Research Associate of the Centre for Research on Globalization (CRG), Montréal. He specializes on the Middle East and Central Asia. He was on the ground in Libya for over two months and was also a Special Correspondent for Flashpoints. He has been releasing articles about Libya in conjunction with aired discussions with Cynthia McKinney on Freedom Now, a show aired 5:00 pm PST, Saturdays, on KPFK, Los Angeles, CA. Read other articles by Mahdi.

 

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FRANCE:

 

al-Qathafi and the African Moon

Some little-known Western reasons and not least (in addition to the other…) for having decided the total destruction of Muammar al-Qathafi‘s GREAT JAMAHIRIYA.
E.Le satellite panafricain de KADHAFI (Rascom) pour libérer l’Afrique.

le 14 févr. 2014
Quelques raisons occidentales peu connues et non pas des moindres (venant s’ajouter aux autres…)

pour avoir décidé la destruction totale de la Libye de Mouammar Kadhafi .

If  you are among those who wondered why the French led this attack, look no further than money.

You can count be among those who have been puzzling as to why France led the charge against al-Qathafi.  I can’t remember the last time, until now that the French led an international charge against anything so publicly.

According to this article, it is easy to understand the French wrath against al-Qathafi:  ”…The 23.97€billion frozen by Mr Obama belongs to the Libyan Central Bank and had been earmarked as the Libyan contribution to three key projects which would add the finishing touches to the African federation – the African Investment Bank in Sirte, Libya; the establishment in 2011 of the African Monetary Fund to be based in Yaoundé, Cameroon with a 33.56€ billion capital fund; and the Abuja-based African Central Bank in Nigeria, which when it starts printing African money will ring the death knell for the CFA franc through which Paris has been able to maintain its hold on some African countries for the last 50 years. “

 

The lies behind the West’s war on Libya

Appreciation lingers especially in  South Africa for Muammar al-Qathdafi’s opposition to South Africa’s apartheid, explains David Smith in the Guardian. al-Qathafi also gained influence by investing in projects throughout Africa.  Just yesterday we heard that South Africa refused to release 0.8€. 5 billion of al-Qathafi’s assets and recognize the rebel authority.

Today, The Southern Times (the newspaper for Southern Africa) has a lengthy article titled  Why the West Wants al-Qathafi out.  It is very interesting and plausible.

HERE ARE A FEW THINGS THAT  THE  SOUTHERN TIMES ARTICLE REPORTS THAT Gal-QATHAFI HAS DONE FOR AFRICA:

“It was al-Qathafi’s Libya that offered all of Africa its first revolution in modern times – connecting the entire continent by telephone, television, radio broadcasting and several other technological applications such as telemedicine and distance teaching. And thanks to the WMAX radio bridge, a low cost connection was made available across the continent, including in rural areas.

It began in 1992, when 45 African nations established RASCOM (Regional African Satellite Communication Organization) so that Africa would have its own satellite and slash communication costs in the continent.

This was a time when phone calls to and from Africa were the most expensive in the world because of the annual 399.55€ million fee pocketed by Europe for the use of its satellites like Intelsat for phone conversations, including those within the same country.   An African satellite only cost a one-time payment of 319.64€ million and the continent no longer had to pay a 399.55€million annual lease.

The first totally indigenously built satellite and manufactured on African soil, in Algeria, is set for 2020.
This satellite is aimed at competing with the best in the world, but at ten times less the cost, a real challenge.
This is how a symbolic gesture of a mere 239.73€ million changed the life of an entire continent.

al-Qathafi’s Libya cost the West, not just depriving it of 399.55€ million per year but the billions of dollars in debt and interest that the initial loan would generate for years to come and in an exponential manner, thereby helping maintain a system that plundered the continent. “

AND THERE ARE MANY MORE REASONS  WHY AFRICANS LIKE al-QATHAFI

 http://www.southerntimesafrica.com/article.php?title=Why_the_West_wants_Qathafi_out__&id=6159

FEATURE:

Jean-Paul Pougala, in an analysis that traces Libya’s role in shaping the African Union and the development of the continent, reasons that it was al-Qathafi who offered all of Africa its first revolution in modern times – connecting the entire continent by telephone, television, radio broadcasting and several other technological applications such as telemedicine and distance teaching. And thanks to the WMAX radio bridge, a low cost connection was made available across the continent, including in rural areas. This is the first of three articles that M Pougala will write for our readers this week. We hope you enjoy his analysis. Editor.

Former South Africa President Nelson Mandela broke an air embargo imposed on Libya in the late 1990s to travel to Tripoli to see Col al-Qathafi.

Africans should think about the real reasons why western countries are waging war on Libya. It began in 1992, when 45 African nations established RASCOM (Regional African Satellite Communication Organization) so that Africa would have its own satellite and slash communication costs. This was a time when phone calls to and from Africa were the most expensive in the world because of the annual 399.55€ million fee pocketed by Europe for the use of its satellites like Intelsat for phone conversations, including those within the same country.

An African satellite only cost a onetime payment of319.64€ million and the continent no longer had to pay a 399.55€ million annual lease. Which banker wouldn’t finance such a project? But the problem remained – how can slaves, seeking to free themselves from their master’s exploitation ask the master’s help to achieve that freedom? Not surprisingly, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the USA, Europe only made vague promises for 14 years. al-Qathafi put an end to these futile pleas to the western ‘benefactors’ with their exorbitant interest rates. The Libyan guide put 239.73€ million on the table; the African Development Bank added 39.96€ million more and the West African Development Bank a further 21.58€ million – and that’s how Africa got its first communications satellite on 26 December 2007.

China and Russia followed suit and shared their technology and helped launch satellites for South Africa, Nigeria, Angola, Algeria and a second African satellite was launched in July 2010. The first totally indigenously built satellite and manufactured on African soil, in Algeria, is set for 2020. This satellite is aimed at competing with the best in the world, but at ten times less the cost, a real challenge.

This is how a symbolic gesture of a mere 239.73€ million changed the life of an entire continent. Qathafi’s Libya cost the West, not just depriving it of 399.55€ million per year but the billions of dollars in debt and interest that the initial loan would generate for years to come and in an exponential manner, thereby helping maintain an occult system in order to plunder the continent.

The 23.97€ billion frozen by Mr Obama belong to the Libyan Central Bank and had been earmarked as the Libyan contribution to three key projects which would add the finishing touches to the African federation – the African Investment Bank in Syrte, Libya, the establishment in 2011 of the African Monetary Fund to be based in Yaounde with a 33.56€ billion capital fund and the Abuja-based African Central Bank in Nigeria which when it starts printing African money will ring the death knell for the CFA franc through which Paris has been able to maintain its hold on some African countries for the last fifty years. It is easy to understand the French wrath against al-Qathafi.

The African Monetary Fund is expected to totally supplant the African activities of the International Monetary Fund which, with only 19.98€ billion, was able to bring an entire continent to its knees and make it swallow questionable privatisation like forcing African countries to move from public to private monopolies. No surprise then that on 16-17December 2010, the Africans unanimously rejected attempts by Western countries to join the African Monetary Fund, saying it was open only to African nations.

It is increasingly obvious that after Libya, the western coalition will go after Algeria, because apart from its huge energy resources, the country has cash reserves of around €150 billion. This is what lures the countries that are bombing Libya and they all have one thing in common – they are practically bankrupt. The USA alone, has a staggering debt of $US14,000 billion, France, Great Britain and Italy each have a1,598.21€ billion public deficit compared to less than 319.64€ billion in public debt for 46 African countries combined.

Inciting spurious wars in Africa in the hope that this will revitalise their economies which are sinking ever more into the doldrums will ultimately hasten the western decline which actually began in 1884 during the notorious Berlin Conference. As the American economist Adam Smith predicted in 1865 when he publicly backed Abraham Lincoln for the abolition of slavery, ‘the economy of any country which relies on the slavery of blacks is destined to descend into hell the day those countries awaken’.

To destabilise and destroy the African union which was veering dangerously (for the West) towards a United States of Africa under the guiding hand of al-Qathafi, the European Union first tried, unsuccessfully, to create the Union for the Mediterranean (UPM). North Africa somehow had to be cut off from the rest of Africa, using the old tired racist clichés of the 18th and 19th centuries, which claimed that Africans of Arab origin were more evolved and civilised than the rest of the continent. This failed because al-Qathafi refused to buy into it. He soon understood what game was being played when only a handful of African countries were invited to join the Mediterranean grouping without informing the African Union but inviting all 27 members of the European Union.

Without the driving force behind the African Federation, the UPM failed even before it began, still-born with Sarkozy as president and Mubarak as vice president. The French foreign minister, Alain Juppe is now attempting to re-launch the idea, banking no doubt on the fall of al-Qathafi. What African leaders fail to understand is that as long as the European Union continues to finance the African Union, the status quo will remain, because no real independence. This is why the European Union has encouraged and financed regional groupings in Africa.

It is obvious that the West African Economic Community (ECOWAS), which has an embassy in Brussels and depends for the bulk of its funding on the European Union, is a vociferous opponent to the African federation. That’s why Lincoln fought in the US war of secession because the moment a group of countries come together in a regional political organisation, it weakens the main group. That is what Europe wanted and the Africans have never understood the game plan, creating a plethora of regional groupings, COMESA, UDEAC, SADC, and the Great Maghreb which never saw the light of day thanks to al-Qathafi who understood what was happening.

In tomorrow’s issue, M Pougala looks at how Col al-Qathafi helped the freedom movements of Southern Africa and how he spent his country’s money to help African countries fight colonial rule to gain their own independence. Do not miss it. Only here at The London Evening Post.

How al-Qathafi helped bring an end to the humiliation of apartheid

While the world press continues to bring to our TV screens and in newspapers the atrocities being committed in the Libyan Arab Peoples Jamahiriya, writer Jean-Paul Pougala continues today with his second part of his analysis on Col Muammar Gal-Qathafi’s leadership. He expounds the qualities of the Libyan leader, especially the role he played in helping African liberation movements attain independence. We are publishing his opinions for our readers to make your own minds as to whether to believe him. Comments are most welcome. Read on.  

 For most Africans, al-Qathafi is a generous man, a humanist, known for his unselfish support for the struggle against the racist regime in South Africa. If he had been an egotist, he wouldn’t have risked the wrath of the West to help the ANC both militarily and financially in the fight against apartheid. This was why Mandela, soon after his release from 27 years in jail, decided to break the UN embargo and travel to Libya on 23 October 1997. For five long years, no plane could touch down in Libya because of the embargo. One needed to take a plane to the Tunisian city of Jerba and continue by road for five hours to reach Ben Gardane, cross the border and continue on a desert road for three hours before reaching Tripoli. The other solution was to go through Malta, and take a night ferry on ill-maintained boats to the Libyan coast. A hellish journey for a whole people, simply to punish one man.

Mandela didn’t mince his words when the former US president Bill Clinton said the visit was an ‘unwelcome’ one – ‘No country can claim to be the policeman of the world and no state can dictate to another what it should do’. He added – ‘Those that yesterday were friends of our enemies have the gall today to tell me not to visit my brother al-Qathafi, they are advising us to be ungrateful and forget our friends of the past.’

Indeed, the West still considered the South African racists to be their brothers who needed to be protected. That’s why the members of the ANC, including Nelson Mandela, were considered to be dangerous terrorists. It was only on 2 July 2008, that the US Congress finally voted a law to remove the name of Nelson Mandela and his ANC comrades from their black list, not because they realised how stupid that list was but because they wanted to mark Mandela’s 90th birthday. If the West was truly sorry for its past support for Mandela’s enemies and really sincere when they name streets and places after him, how can they continue to wage war against someone who helped Mandela and his people to be victorious, al-Qathafi?

And what if al-Qathafi’s Libya were more democratic than the USA, France, Britain and other countries waging war to export democracy to Libya? On 19 March 2003, President George Bush began bombing Iraq under the pretext of bringing democracy. On 19 March 2011, exactly eight years later to the day, it was the French president’s turn to rain down bombs over Libya, once again claiming it was to bring democracy. Nobel peace prize-winner and US President Obama says unleashing cruise missiles from submarines is to oust the dictator and introduce democracy.

The question that anyone with even minimum intelligence cannot help asking is the following: Are countries like France, England, the USA, Italy, Norway, Denmark and Poland, who defend their right to bomb Libya on the strength of their self-proclaimed democratic status really democratic? If yes, are they more democratic than al-Qathafi’s Libya? The answer in fact is a resounding NO, for the plain and simple reason that democracy doesn’t exist. This isn’t a personal opinion, but a quote from someone whose native town Geneva, hosts the bulk of UN institutions. The quote is from Jean Jacques Rousseau, born in Geneva in 1712 and who writes in chapter four of the third book of the famous ‘Social Contract’ that ‘there never was a true democracy and there never will be.’

Rousseau sets out the following four conditions for a country to be labelled a democracy and according to these, al-Qathafi’s Libya is far more democratic than the USA, France and the others claiming to export democracy:

1. The State: The bigger a country, the less democratic it can be. According to Rousseau, the state has to be extremely small so that people can come together and know each other. Before asking people to vote, one must ensure that everybody knows everyone else, otherwise voting will be an act without any democratic basis, a simulacrum of democracy to elect a dictator.

The Libyan state is based on a system of tribal allegiances, which by definition group people together in small entities. The democratic spirit is much more present in a tribe, a village than in a big country, simply because people know each other, share a common life rhythm which involves a kind of self-regulation or even self-censorship in that the reactions and counter reactions of other members impacts on the group.

From this perspective, it would appear that Libya fits Rousseau’s conditions better than the USA, France and Great Britain, all highly urbanised societies where most neighbours don’t even say hello to each other and therefore don’t know each other even if they have lived side by side for twenty years. These countries leapfrogged leaped into the next stage – ‘the vote’ – which has been cleverly sanctified to obfuscate the fact that voting on the future of the country is useless if the voter doesn’t know the other citizens. This has been pushed to ridiculous limits with voting rights being given to people living abroad. Communicating with and amongst each other is a precondition for any democratic debate before an election.

2. Simplicity in customs and behavioural patterns are also essential if one is to avoid spending the bulk of the time debating legal and judicial procedures in order to deal with the multitude of conflicts of interest inevitable in a large and complex society. Western countries define themselves as civilised nations with a more complex social structure whereas Libya is described as a primitive country with a simple set of customs. This aspect too indicates that Libya responds better to Rousseau’s democratic criteria than all those trying to give lessons in democracy. Conflicts in complex societies are most often won by those with more power, which is why the rich manage to avoid prison because they can afford to hire top lawyers and instead arrange for state repression to be directed against someone one who stole a banana in a supermarket rather than a financial criminal who ruined a bank. In the city of New York for example where 75 per cent of the population is white, 80 per cent of management posts are occupied by whites who make up only 20 per cent of incarcerated people.

3. Equality in status and wealth: A look at the Forbes 2010 list shows who the richest people in each of the countries currently bombing Libya are and the difference between them and those who earn the lowest salaries in those nations; a similar exercise on Libya will reveal that in terms of wealth distribution, Libya has much more to teach than those fighting it now, and not the contrary. So here too, using Rousseau’s criteria, Libya is more democratic than the nations pompously pretending to bring democracy. In the USA, 5 per cent of the population owns 60 per cent of the national wealth, making it the most unequal and unbalanced society in the world.

4. No luxuries: According to Rousseau, there can’t be any luxury if there is to be democracy. Luxury, he says, makes wealth a necessity which then becomes a virtue in itself, it, and not the welfare of the people becomes the goal to be reached at all cost, ‘Luxury corrupts both the rich and the poor, the one through possession and the other through envy; it makes the nation soft and prey to vanity; it distances people from the State and enslaves them, making them a slave to opinion.’

Is there more luxury in France than in Libya? The reports on employees committing suicide because of stressful working conditions even in public or semi-public companies, all in the name of maximising profit for a minority and keeping them in luxury, happen in the West, not in Libya.

The American sociologist C. Wright Mills wrote in 1956 that American democracy was a ‘dictatorship of the elite’. According to Mills, the USA is not a democracy because it is money that talks during elections and not the people. The results of each election are the expression of the voice of money and not the voice of the people. After Bush senior and Bush junior, they are already talking about a younger Bush for the 2012 Republican primaries. Moreover, as Max Weber pointed out, since political power is dependent on the bureaucracy, the US has 43 million bureaucrats and military personnel who effectively rule the country but without being elected and are not accountable to the people for their actions. One person (a rich one) is elected, but the real power lies with the caste of the wealthy who then get nominated to be ambassadors, generals, etc.

How many people in these self-proclaimed democracies know that Peru’s constitution prohibits an outgoing president from seeking a second consecutive mandate? How many know that in Guatemala, not only can an outgoing president not seek re-election to the same post, no one from that person’s family can aspire to the top job either? Or that Rwanda is the only country in the world that has 56 per cent female parliamentarians? How many people know that in the 2007 CIA index, four of the world’s best-governed countries are African? That the top prize goes to Equatorial Guinea whose public debt represents only 1.14 per cent of GDP?

Rousseau maintains that civil wars, revolts and rebellions are the ingredients of the beginning of democracy. Because democracy is not an end, but a permanent process of the reaffirmation of the natural rights of human beings which in countries all over the world (without exception) are trampled upon by a handful of men and women who have hijacked the power of the people to perpetuate their supremacy. There are here and there groups of people who have usurped the term ‘democracy’ – instead of it being an ideal towards which one strives it has become a label to be appropriated or a slogan which is used by people who can shout louder than others. If a country is calm, like France or the USA, that is to say without any rebellions, it only means, from Rousseau’s perspective, that the dictatorial system is sufficiently repressive to pre-empt any revolt.

It wouldn’t be a bad thing if the Libyans revolted. What is bad is to affirm that people stoically accept a system that represses them all over the world without reacting. And Rousseau concludes: ‘Malo periculosam libertatem quam quietum servitium – translation – If gods were people, they would govern themselves democratically. Such a perfect government is not applicable to human beings.’ To claim that one is killing Libyans for their own good is a hoax.

Jean-Paul Pougala is a Cameroonian writer. Translated from the French by Sputnik Kilambi. Courtesy of Pambazuka News. Edited by Henry Gombya. Courtesy of Pambazuka News. Please do not miss the last part of M Pougala’s analysis here Wednesday.
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 MU’AMMAR  al-QATHAFI‘s lectures on the Third Universal Theory:

Mu's lectures on the Third Universal Theory

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International Green Charter

~ Human Rights for the Third Millennium  ~

1. DEMOCRACY 2. PRISONERS – 3. MOVEMENT – 4. CITIZENSHIP – 5. VIOLENCE – 6. UNIONS – 7. PRIVACY – 8. CAPITAL PUNISHMENT – 9. JUSTICE – 10. RELIGION – 11. PRODUCERS – 12. LAND – 13. HOUSE – 14. WELFARE – 15. EDUCATION – 16. NATION – 17. DISCRIMINATION – 18. STRUGGLE 19. CULTURE – 20. CHILDREN – 21.WOMAN – 22. SLAVERY – 23. PEACE – 24. DISARMAMENT – 25. DEFENCE – 26. REDRESS

Inspired by the Proclamation of the Great Green Charter for Human Rights on 12th June, 1988, the first Human Rights Charter to be issued by the people gathered in popular congresses, signalling the end of the era of the republics and the dawn of the era of the masses, as well as a new advancement in the definition of human rights;

Led by the Green Book , guide of humanity for the total deliverance from the power of individuals, classes, clans, tribes or parties, and the path towards the establishment of a society for all (the Jamahiriya) where all human beings are free and equal in the exercise of power and in the possession of wealth and arms;

Convinced that the rights of Man, vicegerent of God on earth, cannot be the gift of a person nor exist in societies where exploitation and tyranny are practised, and can only be achieved by the victory of the popular masses over their oppressors and the disappearance of regimes which annihilate freedom;

that the establishment of the power of the popular masses will consolidate their existence on earth, when the sovereignty of the people will be exercised directly through legislative popular congresses and executive people’s committees;

that human rights cannot be guaranteed in a world where there exist governors and governed, masters and slaves, rich and poor;

Aware that human misery cannot disappear, nor human rights be affirmed, except by building a world where the people hold the power, the wealth and the arms; a world where governments and armies will disappear, and where communities, peoples and nations will be rid of all danger of war, a world of peace, respect, agreement and co-operation;

On the basis of the above,

the Green Charter International was formed to link men and women around the world who wish to achieve, promote and defend the true Human Rights and freedoms of this new age, the era of the masses, which were proclaimed by the free people, gathered in popular congresses in the Great Green Charter of Human Rights as the following:1. Democracy is the power of the people, not only the expression of the people. We declare that power belongs to the people. It is exercised directly, without intermediary or representatives in the popular congresses and the people’s committees. TOP

2. We consider the life of the individual sacred and protect it. We forbid its alienation. Imprisonment can only be exercised against those for whom liberty constitutes a danger or a contamination of others. The aim of punishment is to renew society, to protect its human values and its interests. We proscribe punishments which attack the dignity and the integrity of the human being, such as forced labour or long-term imprisonment. We proscribe all attacks, physical or mental, on the person of the prisoner. We condemn all speculations and experiments of any kind upon prisoners. Punishment is personal and suffered by the individual following a criminal act on which it is necessarily contingent. The punishment and its consequences cannot extend to the family nor the persons close to the criminal. “One only commits evil to one’s own detriment and nobody will assume what he has not committed”. TOP

3. We are, in times of peace, free inall our movements and in the choice of our residence. TOP

4. Citizenship is a sacred right. Nobody can be deprived of it or have it removed. TOP

5. We forbid clandestine action and recourse to force in all its forms, violence, terrorism and sabotage. These acts constitute a betrayal of the values and principles of the Jamahiriya, which affirms the sovereignty of the individual in the popular congresses, guaranteeing the right to express opinions publicly. We reject and condemn violence as a means of imposing ideas and opinions. We adopt democratic dialogue as the only method of debate and consider any hostile relation towards the Jamahiriya linked to a foreign instance, whatever its form, as high treason against it. TOP

6. We are free to form unions, trade unions and leagues to defend our professional interests. TOP

7. We are free in our private acts and our personal relations. Nobody can involve themselves therein, except at a complaint from one of the partners concerned or if the act and the relation attack or are prejudicial to society, or if they are contrary to its values. TOP

8. We consider the life of the human being to be sacred and protect it. Our objective is to abolish capital punishment. To this end, the death penalty can only be exercised against an individual whose existence constitutes a danger or is deleterious to society. The person condemned to death may request that his sentence be lightened or, instead of his life, offer a personal tribute. The court may commute the penalty if this decision is not prejudicial to society or if it is not contrary to human values. We condemn the application of the execution of capital punishment by repugnant methods, such as the electric chair, the use of toxic gas or injections. TOP

9. The Jamahiriya guarantees the right to plead and the independence of the judicial system. Each of its members is entitled to a fair and complete trial. TOP

10. Our judgments are based on sacred law, religion or custom, the terms of which are stable, unchangeable and for which there can be no substitute. We declare that religion is an absolute belief in the divinity and a sacred spiritual value. It is personal to each person and common to everyone. It is a direct relationship with the Creator, without intermediary. We proscribe its monopoly and its exploitation for purposes of subversion, fanaticism, sectarianism, partisan spirit and fratricidal war. TOP

11. The Jamahiriya guarantees the right to work. It is a right and a duty for everyone, in the limits of one’s personal effort or in association with others. Everybody has the right to exercise the work of their choice. The Jamahiriya is one of partners and not one of paid employees. Ownership, the fruit of labour, is sacred and protected, it can only be attacked in the public interest and with fair compensation. The Jamahiriya is free from the slavery of salaries, stating the right of everybody over their labour and production. Only those who produce consume. TOP

12. We are liberated from any feudalism. The land is nobody’s property. Each person has the right to exploit it and to benefit from it by labour, agriculture or animal-keeping, throughout one’s life, that of one’s heirs, and within the limits of personal effort and the satisfaction of needs. TOP

13. We are free from any rent. A house belongs to the person who lives in it. It enjoys a sacred immunity in respect of rights of neighbourhood: “your close neighbours or distant neighbours”. The residence cannot be used to harm society. TOP

14. The Jamahiriya is united. It guarantees everyone a worthy and prosperous life and a developed state of health, so as to achieve a society of healthy people. It guarantees protection of childhood, motherhood, old age and of invalids. The Jamahiriya is the guardian of all those who do not have a guardian. TOP

15. Education and knowledge are natural rights for everyone. Any individual has the right to choose the education and the knowledge which suits them, without imposed constraint or orientation. TOP

16. The Jamahiriya is the society of goodness and of noble values. It considers ideals and human principles sacred. Its aim is a humanitarian society where aggression, war, exploitation and terrorism will be banished and where there will be no difference between great and small. All nations, all peoples, and all national communities have the right to live free, according to their options and the principles of self-determination. They have the right to establish their national entity. Minorities have the right to safeguard their entity and their heritage. The legitimate aspirations of the latter cannot be repressed. Neither can they be assimilated by force into one or several different nations or national communities. TOP

17. We affirm the right of each person to profit from the benefits, the advantages, the values and the principles which are obtained by the harmony, cohesion, union, affinity and the affection of the family, the tribe, the nation and humanity. To this end, we work to establish the natural national entity of our nation and support all those who fight to achieve this aim. We reject any segregation between men due to their colour, their race, their religion or their culture. TOP

18. We protect liberty. We defend it everywhere in the world. We support the oppressed, and encourage all peoples to confront injustice, oppression, exploitation and colonialism. We encourage them to combat imperialism, racism and fascism, in accordance with the principle of the collective struggle of peoples against the enemies of liberty. TOP

19. The Jamahiriya is a society of splendour and fulfilment. It guarantees each person the right of thought, creation and innovation. The Jamahiriya works for the development of the sciences, the arts and literature. It guarantees they will be disseminated among the popular masses so as to prohibit any monopoly on them. TOP

20. We affirm the sacred right to be born into a coherent family, where motherhood, fatherhood and brotherhood prevail. Fulfilment of the human being is only in compliance with his nature if it is assured by natural motherhood and feeding. The child must be brought up by its mother. TOP

21. We are, men or women, equal in everything which is human. The distinction of rights between men and women is a flagrant injustice which nothing justifies. We proclaim that marriage is a fair association between two equal partners. Nobody can conclude a marriage contract by constraint, nor divorce in any other way than by mutual consent or by a fair judgement. It is unfair to dispossess the children of their mother, and the mother of her home. TOP

22. We consider servants as the slaves of modern times, enslaved by their masters. No law governs their situation, and they have no guarantee nor protection. They live under the arbitrary nature of their masters, and are victims of tyranny. They are forced, by necessity and in order to survive, to carry out work which ridicules their dignity and human feelings. For this reason, we proscribe recourse to servants in the home. The house must be maintained by its owners. TOP

23. We are convinced that peace between nations can guarantee them prosperity, abundance and harmony. We call for an end to the trade of arms and their manufacture for purposes of exploitation. The arms industry constitutes a waste of wealth of societies, a burden on individual taxpayers, causing the spread of destruction and annihilation in the world. TOP

24. We call for the suppression of nuclear, bacteriological and chemical weapons and any other means of massive extermination and destruction. We call for elimination of all the existing stocks, for the preservation of humanity from the dangers represented by the waste from nuclear power stations. TOP

25. We undertake to protect our society and political system based on popular power. We also undertake to safeguard its values, principles and interests. We regard collective defence as the only means to preserve them. We think that the defence of the Jamahiriya is the responsibility of every citizen, man or woman. Nobody can have a substitute when confronted with death. TOP

26. We commit ourselves to the bases of this charter. We do not allow them to be infringed and forbid ourselves any act contrary to the principles and rights that it guarantees. Each person has the right to plead under the law for the purpose of reparation of any attacks on the rights and liberties that it announces. TOP

27. We offer the world The Green Book, the guide and path of emancipation for the acquisition of liberty. We announce to the popular masses the advent of a new age, when corrupt regimes will be abolished and from which any trace of tyranny and exploitation will be removed.

 

 

___________________________

Tag Archives: Muammar Al Qathafi

The Green Book of Natural Law Democracy by MMu`ammar al-Qadhafi

THE GREEN BOOK OF NATURAL LAW DEMOCRACY BY MU`AMMAR AL-QADHAFI

Libya War: What They Don’t Want You to Know

Published on 08 April 2014

http://LybianWarTheTruth.com

http;//BoilingFrogsPost.com
TRANSCRIPT AND SOURCES:

http://www.corbettreport.com/libya-war-what-they-dont-want-you-to-know/

We are taught all our lives that our modern political systems are “by and for the people.” In order to justify taking us to war, then, our misleaders have to convince us that war is not a racket, as General Smedley Butler revealed, and is not for the benefit of the industrialists who sell the munitions or the politicians in their back pocket or the financiers that own them both, but in the interest of the average man or woman. In other words, they lie through their teeth.

Find out more about the lies that led us to Libya in 2011, and the cover up of what is taking place there today in this week’s edition of The Eyeopener report.

Please see this related post.

http://atruthsoldier.wordpress.com/2011/12/12/libya-and-gaddafi-the-truth-you-are-not-supposed-to-know/

Below you will find the complete text of the three part Green book and links to download it for free.

You will also see a video about the real (former) Lybia and their real happy and prosperous free democracy that you were never told about. Lybia was the richest country in Africa with the second biggest gold reserves on earth..That gold has been stolen…

Now Lybia has been robbed, destroyed and a mass genocide of killings under taken covertly by the Zionist controlled USA..

Right click on this link to download the reformatted pdf. version.

The Green Book of Natural Law Democracy by Mu’ammar al-Qadhafi.pdf

Also available here. 

http://www.scribd.com/doc/193178188/The-green-book-of-natural-law-democracy-by-mmu-ammar-al-qadhafi

The GREEN BOOK by Mu`ammar al-Qadhafi_004_

Muammar Gaddafi_001_

The illuminati Exposed By Muammar al-Qathafi

Uploaded on Feb 13, 2012

The GREEN BOOK by Mu`ammar al-Qadhafi_004_

 http://greencharter.com/index.htm

This site presents the complete text of all three parts of
the GREEN BOOK by Mu`ammar al-Qadhafi.

Select the book you want to read by clicking on its cover …

 

GREEN BOOK  english soft covers
http://greencharter.com/files/gb1.htm

http://greencharter.com/files/gb2.htm

http://greencharter.com/files/gb3.htm

 

This translation was published by the Public Establishment for Publishing, Advertising and Distribution in Tripoli, Libya.
Absolute fidelity to the original text, including page and line numbers, has been maintained in this on-line version.

  Or, click here to download the Green Book  

http://www.geocities.com/Athens/8744/

Go here to download this small book for free and this book will absolutely amaze you to a real democracy and Lybia.

http://www.geocities.com/Athens/8744/readgb.htm

——————————————————

At the link (below) you will find an archived website about the former free Lybia 

**********************************

“I would like to seize the opportunity today and declare before you …

that Libya is determined and committed to play a leading role in achieving world peace.”
– Col. Qadhafi in Brussels, 27 April 2004

[This website has not been updated since : 3.6.2009]

http://www.geocities.com/Athens/8744/mylinks1.htm

**************************************************

This book has been reformatted by Daniel J Towsey,

audio-video transcripts.

The National flag of Lybia in 2005

The UN Officially changed the flag to the 1951 one, no objections on talk page for the past 2 months for the change.

 

Flag of Libya

Complete text of the Green Book  by Libyan leader Mu’ammar al-Qadhafi

Part One

“The Solution of the Problem of Democracy — The Authority of the People” (1975)

This translation was published by the Public Establishment for Publishing,
Advertising and Distribution in Tripoli, Libya.

Absolute fidelity to the original has been maintained, including page and line numbers.

———————————————–
CONTENTS

1. The Instrument of Governing
2. Parliaments
3. The Party
4. Class
5. Plebiscites
6. Popular Congresses and People’s Committees
7. The Law of Society
8. Who Supervises the Conduct of Society?
9. How Does Society Readjust its Direction
in Case of Deviation from its Law?
10. The Press

———————————————–

THE INSTRUMENT OF GOVERNING

‘The Instrument of Governing is the prime political problem which faces human communities.’
Even the conflict within the family is,often, the result of this problem.
‘This problem has become serious since the emergence of modern societies.’
Peoples, nowadays, face this persistent problem and communities suffer from various risks and grave consequences to which it leads.

They have not yet succeeded in solving it finally and democratically.

The GREEN BOOK presents the final solution to the problem of the instrument of governing.
All political systems in the world today are the product of the struggle for power between instruments of governing.

The struggle may be peaceful or armed, such as the conflict of classes, sects, tribes, parties or individuals.

The result is always the victory of an instrument of governing — be it an individual, group, party or class and the defeat of the people, i.e. the defeat of genuine democracy.

[5]
Political struggle that results in the victory of a candidate with 51 per cent of the votes leads to a dictatorial governing body disguised as a false democracy, since 49 percent of the electorate is ruled by an instrument of governing they did not vote for, but had imposed upon them.

This is dictatorship.
Besides, this political conflict may produce a governing body that represents only a minority, for when votes are distributed among several candidates, one of them polls more than any other candidate.

But if the votes polled by those who received less are added up, they can constitute an over whelming majority. However, the candidate with fewer votes wins and his success is regarded as legitimate and democratic!

In actual fact, dictatorship is established under the cover of false democracy. This is the reality of the political systems prevailing in the world today. They are dictatorial systems and it seems clear that they falsify genuine democracy.

[6]
PARLIAMENTS

No representation in lieu of the people

Parliaments are the backbone of traditional democracy as it exists today.

A parliament is a misrepresentation of the people and parliamentary governments are a misleading solution to the problem of democracy. A parliament is originally founded to represent the people, but this in itself, is undemocratic as democracy means the authority of the people and not an authority acting on their behalf.

The mere existence of a parliament means the absence of the people, but true democracy exists only through the participation of the people, not through the activity of their representatives.

Parliaments have been a legal barrier between the peoples and the exercise of authority, excluding masses from power while usurping sovereignty in their place.
Peoples are left with only false external appearance of democracy manifested in long queues to cast their votes in the ballot boxes.

[7]
Representation is a denial of participation

To lay bare the character of the parliament, we have to look to the origin of such a parliament. The parliament is either elected from constituencies or a party or a coalition of parties, or is formed by some method of appointment. But all these procedures are undemocratic, for dividing the population into constituencies means that one member of parliament represents thousands, hundreds of thousands or millions of people, depending on the size of population.

Representation is a falsification of democracy

It also means that the member keeps no popular organisational link with the electors since he, like other members, is looked upon as a representative of the whole people.

This is what the prevailing traditional democracy requires. The masses, therefore, are completely isolated from the representative and he, in turn, is totally separated from them. For immediately after winning their votes he himself
usurps their sovereignty and acts instead of them.

The prevailing traditional democracy endows the member of a parliament with a sacredness and immunity denied to other individual members of the people.

[8]
That means that parliaments have become a means of plundering and usurping the people’s authority. Hence the people have the right to struggle, through the popular revolution, to destroy instruments which usurp democracy and sovereignty and take them away from the masses.

They also have the right to utter the new principle, no representation in lieu of the people. If, however, the parliament emerges from a party as a result of winning an election, it is a parliament of the party and not of the people. It represents the party and not the people, and the executive power assigned by the parliament is that of the winning party and not of the people.

The same is true of the parliament in which each party holds a number of seats. For the members of the parliament represent their party and not the people, and the power established by such a coalition is the power of the combined parties and not of the people. Under such systems the people are victims fooled and exploited by political bodies.

[9]
The people stand silently in long queues to cast their votes in the ballot boxes the same way as they throw other
papers into the dustbin.

This is the traditional democracy prevalent in the whole world, whether the system is one-party, two-party, multiparty or non-party. Thus it becomes clear that representation is fraud. Assemblies formed by a method of appointment or hereditary succession do not fall under any form of democracy.

Moreover, since the system of elected parliaments is based on propaganda to win votes, it is a demagogic system in the real sense of the word. and votes can be bought and falsified. Poor people fail to compete in the election campaign and it is always the rich — and only the rich — who come out victorious.

Philosophers, thinkers and writers advocated the theory of representative government at a time when the peoples, without realizing it, were driven like sheep by kings, sultans and conquerors.

The ultimate aspiration of the people of those times was to have someone to represent them before such rulers. Even that aspiration was nullified.

[10]
Peoples went through long and bitter struggles to attain what they aspired to. After the successful establishment of the era of the republics and the beginning of the era of the masses, it is unreasonable that democracy should mea the electing of only a few representatives to act on behalf of great masses. This is an obsolete theory and an outdated experience.
The whole authority must be the people’s.
The most tyrannical dictatorships the world has known have existed under the shadow of parliaments.

[11]
THE PARTY

The party system aborts democracy

The party is the contemporary dictatorship. It is the modern dictatorial instrument of governing. The party is the rule of a part over the whole. It is the latest dictatorial instrument. As the party is not individual it exercises a sham democracy through establishing parliaments and committees and through the propaganda of its members. The party is not a democratic instrument at all because it is composed of people who have common interests, a common outlook or a common culture; or who belong to the same locality or have the same belief.

To make a party you split society.

They form a party to achieve their ends, impose their outlook or extend the hold of their belief on the society as a whole. A party’s aim is to achieve power under the pretext of carrying out its program. And yet, democratically, none of these parties should govern the whole people because of the diversity of interests, ideas, temperaments, localities and beliefs, which constitute the people’s identity.

[12]
The party is a dictatorial instrument of governing that enables those with one outlook and a common interest to rule the people as a whole. Compared with the people, the party is a minority.

The purpose of forming a party is to create an instrument to rule the people; namely to rule over non-members of the party. For the party is, fundamentally, based on an arbitrary authoritarian theory . . . i.e. the domination of the members of the party over the rest of individual members of the people. The party presupposes that its accession t power is the way to attain its ends, assuming that its objectives are the objectives of the people.

That is the theory of the justification of party dictatorship, which is the basis for any dictatorship. No matter how many parties there are, the theory remains one and the same.

But the existence of many parties escalates the struggle for power and this results in the destruction of any achievements of the people and of any socially beneficial plans. Such destruction is seized upon by the opposition party as a justification to undermine the position of the ruling party so that it may take over from them.

[13]
The parties in their struggle resort, if not to arms, which rarely happens, then to denouncing and stultifying the actions of each other. This is a battle which is inevitably waged at the expense of the higher and vital interests of the society.
Some, if not all, of those higher interests will be victims of the power struggle of instruments of governing.
For the destruction of those interests supports the opposition party or parties in their argument against the ruling party.

The opposition party, as an instrument of governing, has to oust the ruling body in order to have access to authority. To prove the unfitness of the instrument of governing, the opposition party has to destroy its achievements and to cast doubt on its plans, even if those plans are beneficial to the society. Consequently the interests and programs of the society become victims of the parties’ struggle for power.

Such struggle is, therefore, politically, socially and economically destructive to the society, despite the fact that it creates political activity.

[14]

Besides, the struggle results in the victory of another instrument of governing, i.e., the fall of one party and the rise of another. But it is a defeat for the people, a defeat for democracy.
Furthermore, parties can be bought or bribed either from inside or outside.
Originally, the party is formed to represent the people. Then the leading group of the party represents its members and the supreme leader of the party represents the leading group.

It becomes clear that the party game is a deceitful farce based on a sham form of democracy which has a selfish content based on maneuvers, tricks and political games.

All these emphasize that the party-system is a dictatorial, yet modern, instrument.

The party system is an overt, not a covert, dictatorship.

The world has not yet passed beyond it and it is rightly called ‘the dictatorship of the modern age’.
The parliament of the winning party is indeed a parliament of the party, as the executive power assigned by this parliament is the power of the party over the people.

[15]
Party power, which is supposed to be for the good of the whole people, is actually a bitter enemy of a part of the people, namely the opposition party or parties and their supporters.

So the opposition is not a popular check on the ruling party, but is itself seeking a chance to replace the ruling party. According to modern democracy, the legal check on the ruling party is the parliament, the majority of whos members are from that ruling party.

That is to say, checking is in the hands of the ruling party and rule is in the hands of the checking party. Thus
become clear the deceptiveness, falsity and invalidity of the political theories dominant in the world today, from which contemporary traditional democracy emerges.
The party is only a part of the people, but the sovereignty of the people is indivisible.
The party governs on behalf of the people, but the principle is no representation in lieu of the people.
The party system is the modern tribal and sectarian system.

The society governed by one party is exactly like that which is governed by one tribe or one sect.

[16]
The party, as stated above, represents the outlook of a certain group of people, or the interests of one group of the society, or one belief or one locality.

Such a party must be a minority compared to the whole people just as the tribe and the sect are.

The minority has common interests or a sectarian belief. From such interests or belief, the common outlook is formed.

Only blood-relationship distinguishes a tribe from a party and even at the foundation of a party there may be blood relationship.

There is no difference between party struggles and tribal or sectarian struggles for power. And if tribal and sectarian rule is politically rejected and disavowed, then the party system must similarly be rejected and disavowed.

Both of them tread the same path and lead to the same end. The negative and destructive effect on the society of the
tribal and sectarian struggles is identical to the negative and destructive effect of the party struggle.

[17]

CLASS

The class political system is the same as the party, the tribal, or sectarian system, i.e. a class dominates the society in the same way that a party, tribe or sect does. The class, like the party, sect and tribe, is a group of people from the society who share common interests.

Common interests arise from the existence of a group of people bound together by blood relationship, belief, culture, locality or standard of living. Also class, party, sect and tribe emerge from similar factors leading to similar results, i.e. they emerge because blood relationship, belief, standard of living culture and locality create a common outlook to achieve a common end.

Thus emerges the social structure in the forms of class, party, tribe or sect that eventually becomes a political conception directed toward realizing the outlook and ends of that group.

In all cases the people are neither the class, the party, the tribe nor the sect; these are no more than a part of the people and constitute a minority.
[18]

If a class, party, tribe or sect dominates a society, the whole system becomes a dictatorship.
However, a class or tribal coalition is better than a party coalition because the people consist originally of a group
of tribes. One seldom finds people who do not belong to a tribe, and all people belong to a certain class. But no party
or parties embrace all the people and therefore the party or party coalition represents a minority compared to the
masses outside its membership.

Under genuine democracy there is no excuse for one class to crush other classes for its own benefit, no excuse for one party to crush other parties for its own interests, no excuse for one tribe to crush other tribes for its own benefit and no excuse for one sect to crush other sects for its own interests.
To allow such actions means abandoning the logic of democracy and resorting to the logic of force.

Such an action is dictatorial, because it is not in the interest of the whole society, which does not consist of only one class or tribe or sect or the members of one party.
[19]
There is no justification for such an action. The dictatorial justification is that the society is actually made up of various parts, and one of the parts undertakes the liquidation of other parts in order to stand solely in power.

This action is then not in the interest of the whole society, but in the interest of a certain class, tribe, sect or party,
i.e., it is in the interest of those who replace the society. The action of liquidation is originally directed against
the members of the society who do not belong to the party, the class, the tribe or the sect which undertakes the liquidation.
The society torn apart by party struggles is similar to one torn by tribal and sectarian struggles.
The party that is formed in the name of a class automatically becomes a substitute for that class and continues until it becomes a replacement for the class hostile to it.
Any class which becomes heir to a society, inherits, at the same time, its characteristics. That is to say that if the working class crushes all other classes, for instance, it becomes heir of the society, that is, it becomes the material and social base of the society.
[20]
The heir bears the traits of the one he inherits from, though they may not be evident at once. As time passes, attributes of other eliminated classes emerge in the very ranks of the working class. And the possessors of those characteristics take the attitudes and points of view appropriate to their characteristics.

Thus the working class turns out to be a separate society, showing the same contradictions as the old society. The material and moral standards of the members of the society are diverse at first but then there emerge the factions that automatically develop into classes, like those which had been eliminated.

Thus the struggle for domination of the society starts again. Each group of people, then each faction and finally each new class, tries to become the instrument of governing.
The material base of the society is not stable because it has a social aspect. The instrument of governing of the single material base of the society will, perhaps, be stable for some time,

[21]
but it will pass away as soon as new material and social standards emerge out of the same single material base.
Any society with class conflict was in the past a one-class society but, due to inevitable evolution, the conflicting classes emerged from that one class.

The class that expropriates the possessions of others in order to maintain the instrument of governing for its own interests, will find that material possessions have brought within that class what material possessions usually bring about within the society as a whole.
In short, attempts to unify the material base of the society to solve the problem of government or to put an end to the struggle in favor of party,class, sect or tribe, have failed, such as the efforts to satisfy the masses through the election of representatives or by organizing plebiscites to discover their views. To go on with these efforts has become a waste of time and a mockery of the people.

[22]
PLEBISCITES

The fallacy of a ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ Plebiscite

Plebiscites are a fraud against democracy.

Those who say ‘yes’ and those who say ‘no’ do not, in fact, express their will. They have been silenced through the conception of modern democracy.

They have been allowed to utter only one word: either ‘yes’ or ‘no’. This is the most cruel and oppressive dictatorial system. He who says ‘no’ should give reasons for his answer.

He should explain why he did not say ‘yes’. And he who says ‘yes’ should give reasons for approval and why he did not say ‘no’. Everyone should make clear what he wants and the reasons for his approval or rejection.
What road, then, must human groups take to get rid, once and for all, of the tyrannical and dictatorial ages?
Since the intricate problem in the case of democracy is the instrument of governing, expressed by conflicts of classes, parties and individuals; and since the electoral and plebiscite

[23]
methods were invented to cover the failure of those unsuccessful experiments to solve this problem, the solution lies in finding an instrument of governing other than these which are subject to conflict and which represent only on side of the society.

That is to say, an instrument of governing which is not a party, a class, a sect or a tribe, but an instrument of governing which is the people as a whole. It neither represents the people nor speaks in their name.
No representation in lieu of the people and representation is fraud.

If that instrument can be brought into being the problem will be solved, popular democracy will be realized, mankind will have put an end to tyrannical eras and dictatorial systems, and the authority of the people will have taken their place.
The Green Book presents the solution to the problem of the instrument of governing. It indicates for the people the way to pass from the eras of dictatorship to the eras of genuine democracy.

[24]
This new theory is based on the authority of the people, without representation or deputation. It realizes direct democracy in an orderly and
effective form. It differs from the older attempt at direct democracy, which could not be applied in practice and which was frivolous because it lacked popular organisation on the lower levels.

[25]

POPULAR CONGRESSES AND PEOPLE’S COMMITTEES

Popular congresses are the only means to achieve popular democracy. Any system of government other than popular congresses is undemocratic.
All the prevailing systems of government in the world today are undemocratic, unless they adopt this method.
Popular congresses are the end of the journey of the masses’ movement in its quest for democracy.
Popular congresses and people’s committees are the final fruit of the people’s struggle for democracy.

No democracy without popular congresses

Popular congresses and people’s committees are not creations of the imagination so much as they are the product
of human thought which has absorbed all human experiments to achieve democracy.

Direct democracy is the ideal method, which, if realized in practice, is indisputable and noncontroversial.

The nations departed from direct democracy because, however small a people might be, it was impossible to gather them all together at one time in order to discuss, study and decide on their policy.
[26]

"The  Authority of  the People"
THE AUTHORITY OF THE PEOPLE

[27]
Direct democracy remained an Utopian idea far from
reality. It has been replaced by various theories of government such as representative assemblies, parties, coalitions, and plebiscites.

All led to the isolation of the people from political activity and to the plundering of the sovereignty of the people and the assumption of their authority by the successive and conflicting instruments of governing beginning with the individual, on through the class, the sect, the tribe, the parliament and the party.
The Green Book announces to the people the happy discovery of the way to direct democracy, in a practical form. Since no two intelligent people can dispute the fact that direct democracy is the ideal — but its method has been impossible to apply — and since this Third Universal Theory provides us with a realistic experiment in direct democracy, the problem of democracy in the world is finally solved.

All that the masses need do now is to struggle to put an end to all forms of dictatorial rule in the world today, to all forms of

[28]
what is falsely called democracy – from parliaments to the sect, the tribe, the class and to the one-party, the two-party and the multi-party systems.
Democracy has but one method and one theory.

The disparity and dissimilarity of the systems claiming to be democratic is evidence that they are not democratic in fact.

The people’s authority has only one face and it can be realized only by one method, namely, popular congresses and people’s committees.

No democracy without popular congresses and committees everywhere.
First, the people are divided into basic popular congresses. Each basic popular congress chooses its secretariat.

The secretariats together form popular congresses, which are other than the basic ones.

Then the masses of those basic popular congresses choose administrative people’s committees to replace government administration.
Thus all public utilities are run by people’s committees which will be responsible to the basic popular congresses and these dictate the policy to be followed by the people’s committees and supervise its execution.

[29]
Thus, both the administration and the supervision
become popular and the outdated definition of democracy — Democracy is the supervision of the government by
the people — comes to an end. It will be replaced by the right definition Democracy is the supervision of the people by people.
All citizens who are members of those popular congresses belong, professionally and functionally, to categories.

They have, therefore, to establish their own unions and syndicates in addition to being, as citizens, members of the basic popular congresses or the people’s committees. Subjects discussed by basic popular congresses or the people’s committees, syndicates and unions, will take their final shape in the General People’s Congress, where the secretariats of popular congresses, people’s committees, syndicates and unions meet.

What is drafted by the General People’s Congress, which meets annually or periodically, will, in turn, be submitted to popular congresses, people’s committees, syndicates and unions.

[30]
The people’s committees, responsible to the basic popular congresses will, then, start executive action. The General People’s Congress is not a gathering of members or ordinary persons as is the case with parliaments.

It is a gathering of the basic popular congresses, the people’s committees, the unions, the syndicates and all professional associations.
In this way, the problem of the instrument of governing is, as a matter of fact, solved and dictatorial instruments will disappear.

The people are the instrument of governing and the problem of democracy in the world is completely solved.

[31]

THE LAW OF SOCIETY

Law is the other problem parallel to the problem of the instrument of governing. It has not yet been solved in the modern age although it has been solved at certain periods of history.
It is invalid and undemocratic for a committee or a parliament to be entitled to draft the law for the society.

It is also invalid and undemocratic for an individual, a committee or a parliament to amend or abrogate the law of the society.

What, then, is the law of the society?
Who drafts it and what is its importance to democracy?
The natural law of any society is either tradition (custom) or religion.
Any other attempt to draft law for any society, outside these two sources, is invalid and illogical.

Constitutions are not the law of the society. A constitution is a basic man-made law.

[32]

That basic man-made law should have a source for its justification.

The problem of freedom in the modern age is that constitutions have become the law of society, and constitutions are based on nothing other than the views of the instruments of the dictatorial rule prevailing in the world, ranging from the individual to the party.

The proof of this is that there is a difference between constitutions although man’s freedom is the same.

The reason for the difference is the disparity in the conceptions of the instruments of governing.

This is the point where freedom is vulnerable in the systems of the contemporary world.

The method by which the instruments of governing seek to dominate the peoples is established in the constitution and the people are compelled to accept it under the force of laws derived from that constitution, which is itself the product of the temperament and outlook of the instrument of governing.

The law of the dictatorial instruments of governing has replaced natural law.

[33]

Because man-made law has replaced natural law, standards are lost. Man is the same everywhere.

His physical constitution is the same and so is his instinct.

For this reason natural law became a logical law for man as one and the same.

Then the constitutions, which are man-made laws, began to look at man as not one and the same.

They have no justification for that conception other than the will of instruments of governing — the individual, the parliament, the tribe or the party — to dominate the peoples.

So we see that constitutions are usually changed when the instruments of governing change.

This proves that the constitution is the product of the temperament of the instruments of governing and exists to serve their interests. It is not natural law.

This is the impending danger to freedom latent wherever the genuine law of human society is absent and is replaced by man-made laws designed by the instrument of governing to rule the masses.
Properly the method of government should be in accordance with the laws of society, not vice versa.
Therefore, the law of the society is not subject to drafting and codification.

[34]

The significance of law lies in the fact that it is the decisive factor which distinguishes between the true and false, the right and the wrong, and the individuals’ rights and duties. Freedom is threatened unless society has a sacred law based on stable rules which are not subject to change or substitution by any instrument of governing.

On the contrary, it is incumbent upon the instrument of governing to abide by the law of society. Nevertheless, peoples throughout the world are now being ruled by man-made laws that are liable to change and abrogation because of the struggle for power between instruments of governing.

Plebiscites on constitutions are not enough because plebiscites in themselves are a sham democracy, permitting only yes or no. Under man-made laws, peoples are compelled to accept plebiscites.

A plebiscite on a constitution does not mean that it is the law of society, it means that it is only a constitution, or that ‘thing’ subject to plebiscite, nothing else.

The law of the society is an eternal human heritage that is not the possession of the living only. Hence, the drafting of a constitution and holding a plebiscite by present voters are farcical.

[35]
Encyclopedias of man-made laws derived from man-made constitutions are full of material penalties against man while traditional law seldom has
these penalties. Traditional law imposes moral, not material penalties, that are appropriate for man. Religion embraces and absorbs tradition. Most
material penalties in religion are postponed until the Day of Judgement. The major part of its rules are exhortations, instructions and answers to
questions.

This law shows proper respect to man. Religion does not acknowledge temporal penalties, except in extreme cases where these are necessary to protect society.
Religion embraces tradition, which is an expression of the natural life of the peoples. Thus, religion, embracing tradition, is an affirmation of natural
law. Non-religious, non-traditional laws are invented by one man for use against another.

Therefore they are invalid because they are not built upon the natural source of tradition and religion.

[36]

WHO SUPERVISES THE CONDUCT OF SOCIETY?

The question that arises is: who preserves the society from any deviation from the law? Democratically, there is no group whatever that can claim the right of representative supervision over the society. ‘Society is its own supervisor.’ Any pretension by any individual or group that it is responsible for law is dictatorship.
Democracy means the responsibility of the whole society, and supervision should be carried out by the whole society.

That is democracy and its proper implementation is through the democratic instrument of governing, resulting from the organization of society itself in basic popular congresses and from the people’s rule through the popular congresses and the General People’s Congress (National Congress) in which come together the popular congresses, administrative people’s committees, unions, syndicates and all other professional organizations.

[37]
According to this theory, the people are the instrument of governing and in this case they are their own supervisor. In this way self-supervision of the society over its law is realized.

[38]

HOW DOES SOCIETY READJUST ITS DIRECTION IN CASE OF DEVIATION FROM ITS LAW?

If an instrument of governing is dictatorial, as in political systems in the world today, the society’s vigilance towards deviation from law will have only one way to gain readjustment.
That is violence, which means revolution against the instrument of governing. This violence or revolution, even if it is an expression of the feeling of the society against deviation, is not carried out by the whole society.

It is undertaken only by those who have the initiative and boldness to proclaim the will of the society. However, this approach is the way to dictatorship, for this revolutionary initiative increases the opportunity for an instrument of governing, representative of the people, to arise.

This means that the instrument of governing is still dictatorial. Moreover, violence and change by force are themselves undemocratic,

[39]
although they take place as a result of the existence of a previous undemocratic situation. The society that is still entangled around this resultant is a
backward society. What, then, is the solution?
The solution is for the people to be the instrument of governing from basic popular congresses to the General People’s Congress.

The government administration is abolished and replaced by people’s committees. The General People’s Congress should be a national congress where basic popular congresses, people’s administrative committees, unions, syndicates and all professional associations come together. If a deviation from the society’s law takes place under this system, it should be dealt with through a democratic revision rather than by force.
This is not a process of voluntary choice of the method of change or of treatment, rather it is an inevitable result of the nature of such a democratic system.

In such a case, there is no outside group against which violent action may be directed or which may be held responsible for deviation.

[40]

THE PRESS

Democracy means popular rule not popular expression.

The natural person has freedom to express himself even if, when he is mad, he behaves irrationally to express his madness.

The corporate person also is free to express his corporate identity. In these cases, the first represents only himself, and the second represents no more than the group of natural persons composing his corporate person.

The society consists of many natural and many corporate persons. Therefore, when a person, for instance, expresses himself in an irrational manner, that does not mean that the other persons of the society also are mad.

The expression of a natural person is only self-expression, and that of a corporate person is only the expression of the interests or viewpoints of persons forming the corporate person. For example, the company for the production and sale of tobacco only expresses the interests of the participants in that company, i.e. those who benefit from the production and sale of tobacco although it is harmful to the health of others.

[41]

The press is a means of expression of the society and is not a means of expression of a natural or corporate person. Logically and democratically, the press, therefore, cannot be owned by either of these.
Any newspaper owned by an individual is his own and expresses only his point of view. Any claim that a newspaper represents public opinion is groundless because it actually expresses the viewpoints of a natural person.

Democratically, a natural person should not be permitted to own any means of publication or information.
However he has the natural right to express himself by any means, even if  it is in an irrational manner to prove his madness. Any journal issued by a trading association or by a chamber of commerce is only a means of expression for this particular social group.

It presents its own point of view and not the viewpoint of public opinion. This applies to all other corporate and natural persons in society.

The democratic press is that which is issued by a popular committee comprising all the various categories of society.

[42]
In this case only, and not otherwise, will the press or any information medium be an expression of the whole society and a bearer of the viewpoint of its categories and thereby the press or information medium will be indeed democratic.
If the Medical Association issues a journal, it must be purely medical.
Similarly this applies to other categories.

The natural person has the right to express only himself and he is not entitled from the democratic point of view to express anybody else. In this
way, what is called the problem of press freedom in the world will be solved radically and democratically.
The continuing problem of press freedom in the world today is generally the product of the problem of democracy.
It can not be solved unless the entire crisis of democracy in the whole society is solved. Only the Third Universal
Theory can solve the intricate problem of democracy.

[43]
According to this theory, the democratic system is a cohesive structure whose foundations are firmly laid on basic popular congresses, people’s
committees and professional associations.

All these come together in the General People’s Congress. Absolutely, there is no other conception for a genuine democratic society.
Finally, the era of the masses, which approaches us at a rapid pace following the era of the republics, inflames the feelings and dazzles the eyes.

As much as this era gladly announces the real freedom of the masses and their happy emancipation from the shackles of instruments of governing so much it warns of the approach of an age of anarchy and demagogy if the new democracy, which is the authority of the people, does not relapse and the
authority of the individual, class, tribe, sect or party again comes to predominate.

Theoretically, this is the genuine democracy. But realistically, the strong always rule, i.e., the stronger part in the society is the one that rules.

[44]

*************************************************************

THE GREEN BOOK (Part Two)
by Mu`ammar al-Qadhafi.

The Solution of the ECONOMIC PROBLEM ‘Socialism’

THE ECONOMIC BASIS OF THE THIRD UNIVERSAL THEORY

Important historical developments have taken place which contribute to solving the problem of work and wages, i.e. the relationship between the workers and the employers, between the producers and the owners.
The developments include fixed working-hours, wages for additional work, different types of leave, minimum wages, profit sharing and participation
in administration. In addition, arbitrary dismissal has been outlawed and social security has been guaranteed, along with the right to strike and
whatever other provisions are found in almost all modern labour laws. Of no less significance are the changes in the field of ownership such as the emergence of systems limiting income or outlawing private ownership and transferring it to the state.
Despite all these not inconsiderable developments in the history of the economic problem, nevertheless the problem still basically exists.

[3]

Partners not wage-workers.

The modifications, improvements, provisions and other measures have made the problem less severe than it was in past centuries by gaining many advantages for the workers.

Yet, the economic problem has not been solved. All the attempts which have concentrated on ownership have not solved the problem of producers. They are still wage workers, even when ownership has been transferred from the extreme right to the extreme left or has been given various intermediate positions.

Attempts to improve wages are as important as those which lead to the transference of ownership.

The benefits received by workers, guaranteed by legislation and protected by Trade Unions are all that have been achieved in tackling the problem of
wages.

Thus the hard conditions of the producers immediately after the Industrial Revolution have been transformed, and, in the course of time workers, technicians and administrators have gained previously unattainable rights. However, the economic problem still, in fact, exists.

[4]

This attempt confined to wages was certainly not a solution at all. It is an artificial attempt, aimed merely at reform, more of a charity than a recognition of the right of workers.

Why are the workers given wages? Because they carry out a production process for the benefit of others who hire them to produce a certain product.

In this case, they have not consumed their production, but have been obliged to surrender it for a wage.

The sound rule is:

‘He who produces is the one who consumes.’

Wage-workers are a type of slave, however improved their wages may be.

The wage-worker is like a slave to the master who hires him. He is even a temporary slave, since his slavery
lasts as long as he works for wages from the employer, whether the latter is an individual or a state.

The workers’ relationship with the owner of the productive establishment as regards their own interests is one and the same
… Under all conditions prevailing now in the world they are wage-workers, even though ownership varies . . . from the right to the left.

[5]

The public economic establishment itself gives to its workers only wages and other social benefits; and these do not differ from the charity granted to the workers by the rich, the owners of private economic corporations.
The argument that, in the case of public ownership, income reverts to society, including the workers, in contrast to the case of the private corporation where income reverts only to its owner, is valid.

This is so provided that we take into consideration the general interests of the society rather than the particular interests of the workers, and provided that we assume that the political authority which monopolizes ownership is the authority of all the people, that is to say the authority of the people in their entirety, as practiced through their popular congresses, people’s committees and professional syndicates rather than the authority of one class, one party, group of parties, sect, family, tribe, individual or any other representative authority.

[6]

However, what is received directly by the workers, as regards their own interests, in the form of wages, percentage of the profit or social benefits, is
the same as is received by the workers in the private corporation.

That is to say, workers in both public and private  establishments are equally wage-workers though the owners differ.

Thus the change in ownership from one type to another has not solved the problem of the workers’ right in what has been produced directly by himself,
and not by society or for wages. The proof is that the producers are still wage-workers despite the change in ownership.

The ultimate solution is to abolish the wage-system, emancipate man from its bondage and return to the natural law which defined relationships before the emergence of classes, forms of government and man-made laws.

The natural rules are the measure, the reference book and the sole course in human relations.
Natural law has led to natural socialism based on equality among the economic factors of production and has almost brought about, among individuals, consumption equal to nature’s production.

[7]

But the exploitation of man by man and the possession by some individuals of more of the general wealth than they need is a manifest departure from natural law and the beginning of distortion and corruption in the life of the human community.

It is the beginning of the emergence of the society of exploitation.
If we analyse the economic factors of production from ancient times till now we always find that they are composed of these essentials: raw materials, an instrument of production and a producer.

The natural rule of equality is that each of the factors has a share in this production, for if any of them is withdrawn, there will be no production.
Each factor has an essential role in the process of production and without it production comes to a halt. As long as each factor is essential and fundamental, they are all equal in their essential character within the process of production.

Therefore they all should be equal in their right to what is produced.

The encroachment of one factor on another is opposed to the natural rule of equality, and is an attack on the right of others.

[8]

Each factor, then, has a share regardless of the number of factors. If we find a process of production which can be performed by only two factors,
each factor shall have half of the production. If it is carried out by three factors, each shall have a third of the production and so on …
Applying this natural rule to both ancient and modern situations we find the following:
In the state of manual production the productive process involved raw mate- rials, and man, the producer.

Later, an instrument of production intervened between the two and man used it in the productive process.

The animal may be considered as an example of the instrument as a power unit. It, then, developed and the machine replaced the animal.

Raw materials increased in kind and quantity, from cheap simple materials to valuable complex ones.

[9]

Likewise man developed from an ordinary worker into a technician and an engineer and a large number of workers began to be replaced by a few technicians. Although the factors of production have quantitatively and qualitatively changed, the essential role of each factor has not changed.

For example, the iron-ore which is one of the factors of production, both past and present, was primitively manufactured by the iron smith to produce a
knife, an axe or a spear … etc.

The same iron-ore is now manufactured in big furnaces, and from it engineers and technicians produce machines, engines and all kinds of vehicles. The
animal — the horse, the mule or the camel and the like — which was one of the factors of production has now been replaced by the vast factory and huge
machines.

The means of production which were formerly primitive tools have now become sophisticated technical equipment.

The essential natural factors of production are basically stable despite their great development.

The essential stability of the factors of production makes the natural rule sound. It is inevitable, after the failure of all previous historical attempts, which disregarded natural law, to return to it in order, finally, to solve the economic problem.

[10]

The previous historical theories tackled the economic problem either from the angle of the ownership of one of the factors of production only or from the angle of wages for production only.

They have not solved the real problem, namely the problem of pro- duction itself. Thus the most important characteristic of the economic systems prevailing in the world today is the wage system which deprives the worker of any right in his production whether it is produced for society or
for a private establishment.
The industrial establishment is based on raw materials, machines and workers.

Production is the outcome of the workers’ use of the machines in the factory to manufacture raw materials.
In this way, the finished goods pass through a process of production which would have been impossible without the raw materials, the factory and the
workers.

So if we take away the raw materials, the factory cannot operate; if we take away the factory, the raw materials will not be manufactured and if we remove the producers, the factory comes to a halt.

[11]

The three factors are equally essential in the process of production.

Without these three factors there will be no production.

Any one factor cannot carry out this process by itself.

Even two of these factors cannot carry it out.

The natural rule in this case requires that the shares of the three factors in the production be equal, i.e. the production of such a factory is divided into three shares, a share for each of the factors of production.

It is not only the factory which is important, but also those who consume its production.
The same is the case in the process of agricultural production.

That which involves man and land without a third factor, the instrument, is exactly like the manual process of industrial production.

Here production is only divided into two shares in accordance with the number of factors of production.

But if an agricultural machine or the like is used, production is divided into three shares: the land, the farmer and the instrument used in the process of agriculture.

Thus a socialist system is established to which all processes of production are subjected, by analogy with this natural rule.

[12]

The producers are the workers.

We call them ‘producers’ because the words ‘workers’, ‘employees’ or ‘toilers’ are no longer applicable.

The reason is that workers, according to the traditional definition, are quantitatively and qualitatively changing.

The working class is continually declining as science and machines develop.
Strenuous tasks which previously had to be performed by a number of workers are now done by machines.

To run a machine requires a smaller number of workers.

This is the quantitative change in the labour force, while the qualitative change necessitated the re- placement of a physical force by technical skill.
A power which is totally concerned with producing has now become one of the factors of production.

As a result of these developments the workers have changed from a multitude of ignorant toilers into a limited number of technicians, engineers and scientists. Consequently, Trade Unions will disappear to be replaced by professional and technical syndicates because scientific development is an irreversible gain to humanity.

[13]

Through such scientific development, illiteracy will be eradicated and the ordinary worker as a temporal phenomenon will gradually disappear. However, man, in his new form, will always remain an essential factor in the process of production.

[14]

NEED

A person in need is a slave indeed.

Man’s freedom is lacking if somebody else controls what he needs.

For need may result in man’s enslavement of man. Need causes exploitation.
Need is an intrinsic problem and conflict grows out of the domination of man’s needs.

Masters in their own castles.

The house is a basic need of both the individual and the family.

Therefore, it should not be owned by others.

There is no freedom for a man who lives in another’s house, whether he pays rent or not.

All attempts made by various countries to solve the problem of housing are not solutions at all.

The reason is that those attempts do not aim at the radical and ultimate solution of man,
which is the necessity of his owning his own house.

The attempts have concentrated on the reduction or increase of rent and its standardization, whether at public or private expense.

In the socialist society no one, including the society itself, is allowed to have control over man’s need.

[15]

In need freedom indeed.

No one has the right to build a house, additional to his own and that of his heirs, for the purpose of renting it, because the house represents another
person’s need, and building it for the purpose of rent is an attempt to have control over the need of that man and
‘In Need Freedom is Latent’.The income is an imperative need for man.

Thus the income of any man in the society should not be a wage from any source or a charity from anyone.
For there are no wage-workers in the socialist society, only partners.

Your income is a form of private ownership.
You manage it by yourself either to meet your needs or to share in the production, where you are one of its main factors.

Your share will not be used as a wage paid for any person in return for production.
The vehicle is a necessity both to the individual and the family.

Your vehicle should not be owned by others.

In the socialist society no man or any other authority can possess private vehicles for the purpose of hiring them out, for this is domination of the needs ofothers.

[16]

LAND

Land is no one’s property.

But everyone has the right to use it, to benefit from it by working, farming or pasturing.

This would take place throughout a man’s life and the lives of his heirs, and would be through his own effort without using others with or without wages, and only to the extent of satisfying his own needs.
If possession of land is allowed, only those who are living there have a share in it.

The land is permanently there, while, in the course of time, users change in profession, in capacity and in their presence.
The purpose of the new socialist society is to create a society which is happy because it is free.

This can be achieved through satisfying the material and spiritual needs of man, and that, in turn, comes about through the liberation of these need from outside domination and control.
Satisfaction of these needs must be attained without exploiting or enslaving others, or else, it will contradict the purpose of the new socialist society.

[17]

Man in the new society works for himself to guarantee his material needs, or works for a socialist corporation in whose production he is a partner, or performs a public service to the society which provides his material needs.
Economic activity in the new socialist society is productive activity for the satisfaction of material needs.

It is not unproductive activity or an activity which seeks profit in order, after satisfying material needs, to save the surplus.

That is impossible under the rules of the new socialism.
The legitimate purpose of the individual’s economic activity is solely to satisfy his needs.

For the wealth of the world has limits at each stage as does the wealth of each individual society.
Therefore no individual has the right to carry out economic activity in order to acquire more of that wealth than is necessary to satisfy his needs, because the excess amount belongs to other individuals.

[18]

He has the right to save from his needs and from his own production but not from the efforts of others nor at the expense of their needs.

For if we allow economic activity to extend beyond the satisfaction of needs, one person will only have more than his needs by preventing another
from obtaining his.

The savings which are in excess of one’s needs are another person’s share of the wealth of society.
To allow private production for the purpose of acquiring savings that exceed the satisfaction of needs is exploitation itself, as in permitting the
use of others to satisfy your own needs  or to get more than your own needs.
This can be done by exploiting a person to satisfy the needs of others and making savings for others at the expense of his needs.
Work for a wage is, in addition to being an enslavement of man as mentioned before, work without incentives because the producer is a wage-worker
rather than a partner.
Whoever works for himself is certainly devoted to his productive work because his incentive to production lies in his dependence on his private work
to satisfy his material needs.

Also whoever works in a socialist corporation is a partner in its production.

[19]

He is, undoubtedly, devoted to his productive work because the impetus for devotion to production is that he gets a satisfaction of his needs through production.

But whoever works for a wage has no incentive to work.
Work for wages failed to solve the problem of increasing and developing production.

Work, either in the form of services or production, is continually deteriorating because it rests on the shoulders of wage-workers.

EXAMPLES OF LABOUR FOR WAGES FOR SOCIETY,

OF LABOUR FOR WAGES FOR A PRIVATE ACTIVITY,

AND LABOUR FOR NO WAGES

First Example:
(a) A worker who produces ten apples for society.

Society gives him one apple for his production.

The apple fully satisfies his needs.
(b) A worker who produces ten apples for society.

Society gives him one apple for his production.

The apple is not enough to satisfy his needs.

[20]

In need freedom indeed.

No one has the right to build a house, additional to his own and that of his heirs, for the purpose of renting it, because the house represents another
person’s need, and building it for the purpose of rent is an attempt to have control over the need of that man and  ‘In Need Freedom is Latent’.

The income is an imperative need for man. Thus the income of any man in the society should not be a wage from any source or a charity from anyone.
For there are no wage-workers in the socialist society, only partners. Your income is a form of private ownership.
You manage it by yourself either to meet your needs or to share in the production, where you are one of its main factors.

Your share will not be used as a wage paid for any person in return for production.
The vehicle is a necessity both to the individual and the family.

Your vehicle should not be owned by others.

In the socialist society no man or any other authority can possess private vehicles for the purpose of hiring them out, for this is domination of the needs of others.

[21]

THE CONCLUSION

The first(a) will not increase his production for whatever the increase might be, he will only get an apple for himself. It is what satisfies his needs.

Thus all those working for such a society are always psychologically apathetic.
The first (b) has no incentive to production itself, for he produces for the society without obtaining satisfaction of his needs.

However he has to continue to work without incentive because he is forced to submit to the general conditions of work throughout the society. That is the case with members of that society.
The second does not initially work to produce. He works to get wages.

Since his wages are not enough to satisfy his needs, he will either search for another master and sell him his work at a better price or he will be obliged to continue the same work just to survive.

The third is the only one who produces without apathy and without coercion.

In the socialist society, there is no possibility for private production exceeding the satisfaction of individual needs, because satisfaction of needs at the expense of others is not allowed.
As the socialist establishments work for the satisfaction of the needs of society, the third example explains the sound basis of economic production.
However, in all conditions, even in bad ones, production continues for survival.

The best proof is that in capitalist societies production accumulates and expands in the hands of a few owners who do not work but exploit the efforts of toilers who are obliged to produce in  order to survive. However,

The Green Book not only solves the problem of material production but also prescribes the comprehensive solution of the problems of human society so that the individual may be materially and spiritually liberated … a final liberation to attain his happiness.

[22]

Other Examples:

If we assume that the wealth of society is ten units and its population is ten persons, the share of each in the wealth of society is 10/10 — only one of
the units per person.

But if some members of society possess more than one unit, then other members of the same society possess nothing.

The reason is that their share of the units of wealth has been taken by others. Thus, there are poor and rich in the society where exploitation prevails.
Suppose that five members of that society possess two units each. In this case the other five possess nothing,
i.e., 50 per cent are deprived of their right to their own wealth because the additional unit possessed by each of the first five is the share of each of the
second five.
If an individual in that society needs only one of the units of the wealth of society to satisfy his needs then the individual possessing more than one
unit is, in fact, expropriating the right of other members of the society.

Since this share exceeds what is required to satisfy his needs, estimated at one of the units of wealth then he has seized it to hoard it.

[23]
Such hoarding is only achieved at the expense of others’ needs, i.e., through taking others’ share in this wealth.

That is why there are those who hoard and do not spend – that is, they save what exceeds the satisfaction of their needs — and there are those who beg and are deprived – that is those who ask for their rights in the wealth of their society and do not find anything to consume.

It is an act of plunder and theft, but open and legitimate under the unjust and exploitative rules which govern that society.
Ultimately, all that is beyond the satisfaction of needs should remain the property of all the members of society.
But individuals only have the right to save as much as they want from their own needs, because the hoarding of what exceeds their needs involves an
encroachment on public wealth.
The skillful and industrious have no right to take hold of the share of others as a result of their skill and industry.
But they can benefit from these advantages.

Also if a person is disabled or lunatic, it does not mean that he does not have the same share as the healthy in the wealth of the society.

[24]

The wealth of the society is like a corporation or a store of supply which daily provides a number of people with a quantity of supply of a definite amount which is enough to satisfy the needs of those people during that day.
Each person has the right to save out of that quantity what he wants, i.e., he can consume or save what he likes from his share.

In this he can use his own skill and talents.

But he who uses his talents to take an additional amount for himself from the store of the public supply is undoubtedly a thief. Therefore, he
who uses his skill to gain wealth that exceeds the satisfaction of his needs is, in fact, encroaching on a public right, namely, the wealth of the society which is like the store mentioned in this example.
In the new socialist society differences in individual wealth are only permissible for those who render a public service.

[25]

The society allocates for them a certain share of the wealth equivalent to that service.
The share of individuals only differs according to the public service each of them renders, and as much as he produces.

Thus, the experiments of history have produced a new experiment, a final culmination of man’s struggle to attain his freedom and to achieve happiness by satisfying his need, warding off the exploitation of others, putting an ultimate end to tyranny and finding a means for the just distribution of society’s wealth.

Under the new experiment you work for yourself to satisfy your needs rather than exploiting others to work for you, in order to satisfy yours at their expense; or working to plunder the needs of others.

It is the theory of the liberation of needs in order to emancipate man.
Thus the new socialist society is no more than a dialectical consequence of the unjust relations prevailing in this world.

It has produced the natural solution, namely private ownership to satisfy the needs without using others, and socialist ownership, in which the
producers are partners in production.
The socialist ownership replaced a private ownership based on the production of wage-workers who had no right in what they produced.

[26]

Whoever possesses the house you dwell in, the vehicle you ride or the income you live on, takes hold of your freedom, or part of your freedom, and
freedom is indivisible. For man to be happy, he must be free, and to be free, man must possess his own needs.
Whoever possesses your needs controls or exploits you. He may enslave you despite any legislation outlawing that.
The material needs of man that are basic, necessary and personal, start with food, housing, clothing and transport . . . These must be within his
private and sacred ownership.

They are not to be hired from any quarter.
To obtain them through rent or hire allows the real owners, even society in general, to interfere in his private life, to have control over his basic needs,
and then to dominate his freedom and to deprive him of his happiness.

The owner of the costumes one has hired could interfere to remove them even in the street and leave one naked.

The owner of the vehicle could interfere,

[27]
leaving one in the middle of the road.
Likewise, the owner of the house could interfere, leaving one without shelter.
It is ironic that man’s basic needs are treated by legal administrative or other measures. Fundamentally, society must be founded on the application
of the natural law to these needs.
The purpose of the socialist society is the happiness of man which can only be realized through material and spiritual freedom. Attainment of such freedom depends on the extent of man’s ownership of his needs; ownership that is personal and sacredly guaranteed, i.e., your need must neither be owned by somebody else, nor subject to plunder by any part of society.

Otherwise, you will live in a state of anxiety which will take away your happiness and render you unfree, because you live under the apprehension of outside interference in your basic needs.
The overturning of contemporary societies, to change them from being societies of wage-workers to societies of partners is inevitable as a dialectical result of the contradictory economic theses prevailing in the world today.

[28]
and is the inevitable dialectical result of the injustice to relations based on the wage system, which have not been solved.
The threatening power of the Trade Unions in the capitalist world is capable of overturning capitalist societies of wage-workers into societies of partners.
It is probable that the outbreak of the revolution to achieve socialism will start with the appropriation by the producers of their share in what they
produce.

The objective of the workers’ strikes will shift from a demand for the increase of wages to a demand for sharing in the production.

All that will, sooner or later, take place under the guidance of The Green Book.
But the final step is when the new socialist society reaches the stage where profit and money disappear.

It is through transforming society into a fully productive society and through reaching, in production, the level where the material needs of the members of society are satisfied. In that final stage profit will automatically disappear and there will be no need for money.

[29]
The recognition of profit is an acknowledgement of exploitation.

The mere recognition of profit removes the possibility of limiting it.

Measures taken to put a limit to it through various means are mere attempts at reform, which are not radical, in order to stop man’s exploitation by man.
The final solution is the abolition of profit. But as profit is the driving force of economic activity, its abolition is not a decision that can be taken lightly. It
must result from the development of socialist production which will be achieved if the satisfaction of the material needs of society is realized.
The endeavour to increase profit will ultimately lead to its disappearance.

[30]

DOMESTIC SERVANTS

A servant and prisoner are comrades in chains.

Domestic servants, paid or unpaid are a type of slave. Indeed they are the slaves of the modern age.

But since the new socialist society is based on partnership in production rather than on wages, natural socialist law does not apply to them, because they render services rather than production.

Services have no physical production which is divisible into shares in accordance with natural socialist law.
Domestic servants, therefore, have no alternative but to work with or without wages under bad conditions.

As wage-workers are a type of slave and their slavery exists as long as they work for wages, so domestic servants are in a lower position than the wage-workers in the economic establishments and corporations outside the houses.

They are, then, even more entitled to emancipation from the slavery of the society than are wage-workers from their society. Domestic servants form one of the social phenomena that stands next to that of slaves.

[31]

The Third Universal Theory is a herald to the masses announcing the final salvation from all fetters of injustice, despotism, exploitation and economic and political hegemony. It has the purpose of establishing the society of all people, where all men are free and equal in authority, wealth and arms, so that freedom may gain the final and complete triumph.

Do-it-yourself.

The Green Book, therefore, prescribes the way of salvation to the masses of wage-workers and domestic servants in order to achieve the freedom of man.

It is inevitable, then, to  struggle to liberate domestic servants from their slave status and transform them into partners outside the houses, in places where there is material production which is divisible into shares according to its factors.

The house is to be served by its residents. But the solution to necessary house service should not be through servants, with or without wages, but through employees who can be promoted while performing their house jobs and can enjoy social and material safeguards like any employee in the public service.

[32]

***********************

THE GREEN BOOK (Part Three)
by Mu`ammar al-Qadhafi.

CONTENTS

1. The Social Basis of the
Third Universal Theory
2. The Family
3. The Tribe
4. The Nation
5. Woman
6. Minorities
7. The Blacks
8. Education
9. Melodies and Arts
10. Sport, Horsemanship and Shows

———————————————–

The SOCIAL BASIS of the Third Universal Theory

THE SOCIAL BASIS OF THE THIRD UNIVERSAL THEORY

The social, i.e. national, factor is the driving force of human history.

The social bond which binds together each human group, from the family through the tribe to the nation, is the basis for the movement of history.
Heroes in history are persons who have made sacrifices for causes.

But for what causes?

They have made sacrifices for others. But which
others?

They are those who have a relationship with them.

The relationship between an individual and a group is a social relationship, i.e. the relationship between the members of a nation.

For nations are founded on nationalism. Those causes, therefore,

are national causes and national relationship is the social relationship.
The social relationship is derived from society, i.e. the relationship between the members of a society, just as nationalism is derived from the nation,
i.e. the relationship between the members of a nation.

[5]
The social relationship is, accordingly, the national relationship and the national relationship is the social relationship.

For the group is a nation and the nation is a group even if they differ in number, leaving aside the extended definition of the group which means th provisional group regardless of the national relations of its members.

What is meant by the group here is the group which is permanent by virtue of its own national relations.
Besides, historical movements are mass movements, i.e. group movements for its own interests … for its independence from a different group.
Each group has its own social structure which binds it together.

Group movements are always movements for independence in order that subjugated or oppressed groups may attain self realization.

As for the struggle for power, it occurs within the group itself down to the family level, as expounded in Part One of the Green Book, which
deals with the Political Basis of the Third Universal Theory.

[6]

A group movement is a nation’s movement for its own interests.

By virtue of its national structure, each group has common social needs which must be collectively satisfied.

These needs are in no way individualistic.

They are collective needs, rights, demands, or objectives of a nation which is bound by a single nationalism.

That is why these movements are called national movements. Contemporary national liberation movements are themselves social movements.

They will not come to an end before every group is liberated from the domination of another group, i.e. the world is now passing through one of the regular cycles of the movement of history, namely, the national struggle in support of nationalism.
In the world of man, this is the historical reality, as it is a social reality.

That means that the national struggle — the social struggle — is the basis of the movement of history, because it is stronger than all other factors since
it is the origin … the basis … it is in the nature of the human group … the nature of the nation.

[7]

It is the nature of life itself. Other animals, apart from man, live in groups. Indeed, the group

is the basis for the survival of all groups within the animal kingdom.

So nationalism is the basis for the survival of nations.
Nations whose nationalism is destroyed are subject to ruin. Minorities, which are one of the main political problems in the world, are the outcome of a social cause.

They are nations whose nationalism has been destroyed and torn apart. The social factor is, therefore, a factor of life … a factor of survival.

It is the nation’s natural innate momentum for survival.
Nationalism in the world of man and group instinct in the animal kingdom are like gravity in the domain of mineral and celestial bodies.

If the mass of the sun were smashed so that it lost its gravity, the gases would blow away and its unity would no longer exist.
Accordingly, the unity is the basis for its survival.

The factor of unity in any group is a social factor, i.e. nationalism. For this reason a group struggles for its own national unity, because its
survival lies in that.

[8]
The national factor, which is the Social bond, works automatically to impel the nation towards survival, in the same way that the gravity of an object works to keep it as one mass around the nucleus.

The diffusion and dispersion of atoms in the atomic bomb are the result of the explosion of the nucleus which is the focus of gravitation for the atoms around it.

When the factor of unity in those components is broken into pieces and gravity is lost, every atom is dispersed.

This is the nature of matter. It is an established law of nature. To disregard it or collide with it is damaging to life.

Thus man’s life is damaged when he begins to disregard nationalism … the social factor … the gravity of the group … the secret of its survival.

There is no rival to the social factor in influencing the unity of one group except the religious factor, which may divide the national group or unite groups with different nationalisms.

However, the social factor will eventually gain sway.

This has been the case throughout the ages.

Originally, each nation had one religion.

This was harmony.

[9]

In fact, however, differences arose which be- came a genuine cause of conflict and instability in the life of the peoples throughout the ages.

The sound rule is that every nation should have a religion.

The contrary to that is the abnormal. Such an abnormality creates an unsound situation which becomes a real cause for disputes within a national group.

There is no other solution but to be in harmony with the natural rule that each nation has one religion.

When the social factor is compatible with the religious factor, harmony is achieved and the life of groups becomes stable and strong and
develops soundly.
Marriage is a process that exercises negative and positive effects on the social factor though both man and woman are free to accept whom they want and reject whom they do not want as a natural rule of freedom.

Marriage within a group, by its very nature, strengthens its unity and brings about collective growth in conformity with the social factor.

[10]

THE FAMILY

To the individual man the family is of more importance than the state.
Mankind acknowledges the individual man and the individual man acknowledges the family which is his cradle, his origin and his social ‘umbrella’.
Mankind, as a matter of fact, is the individual and the family, not the state.

The state is an artificial economic and political system, sometimes a military system, with which mankind has no relationship and has nothing to
do.

The family is exactly like an individual plant in nature which is composed of branches, leaves and blossoms.

However, adapting the natural environment with farms and gardens, and the like is an artificial procedure which has nothing to do with the actual nature of the plant.

[11]

The fact is that political, economic or military factors have organized groups of families into a state which has nothing to do with mankind.

Equally any position, condition or measure resulting in the dispersal, decline or loss of the family is inhuman and unnatural. Indeed, it is an arbitrary condition, exactly like any action, condition or measure which leads to the destruction of the plant, the breaking of its branches, the fading of its blossoms and leaves.

Societies in which the existence and unity of the family are threatened, in any circumstances, are similar to fields whose plants are in danger of being swept away or threatened by drought or fire, or of withering away.
The blossoming garden or field is that whose plants grow, blossom, pollinate and root naturally.

The same holds true for human society.
The flourishing society is that in which the individual grows naturally within the family and the family itself flourishes in the society.

The individual is linked to the larger family of mankind like the leaf to the branch or the branch to the tree.

They have no value or life if separated.

[12]

The same is the case for the individual if he is  separated from the family, i.e. the individual without a family has no value or social life.

If human society reached the stage where man existed without a family, it would become a society of tramps, without roots, like artificial plants.

[13]

THE TRIBE

A tribe is a family which has grown as a result of procreation.

It follows that a tribe is a big family.

Equally a nation is a tribe which has grown through procreation.

The nation, then, is a big tribe. So the world is a nation which has been ramified into various nations.

The world, then, is a big nation.

The relationship which binds the family is that which binds the tribe, the nation and the world.

However, it weakens with the increase in number.
The concept of man is that of the nation, the concept of nation is that of the tribe, and the concept of the tribe is that of the family.

However, the degree of warmth involved diminishes as the relationship moves from the smaller level to the larger one.

This is a social fact only denied by those who are ignorant of it.

[14]
The social bond, cohesiveness, unity, intimacy and love are stronger at the family level than at the tribal level …stronger at the tribal level than at that of the nation, and stronger at the level of the nation than at that of the world.

The advantages, privileges, values and ideals, which are based on social bonds, exist where those bonds are natural and undoubtedly strong, i.e. they are stronger at the family level than at that of the tribe, stronger at the tribal level than that of the nation and stronger at nation’s level than that of the world.

Thus these social bonds and the benefits, advantages and ideals associated with them are lost wherever the family, the tribe, nation or
mankind vanish or are lost.

*It is, therefore, of great importance for human society to maintain the cohesiveness of the family, the tribe, the nation and the world in order to benefit from the advantages, privileges, values and ideals yielded by the solidarity, cohesiveness, unity, intimacy and love of the family, tribe, nation and humanity. *

In social terms, the family society is better than that of the tribe, the tribal society is better than that of the nation and the society of the nation is better than world society as regards fellowship, affection, solidarity and benefit.

[15]

MERITS OF THE TRIBE

Since the tribe is a large family, it provides its members with the same material benefits and social advantages the family provides for its members.

For the tribe is a secondary family.

What needs to be emphasized is that the individual might sometimes act in a disgraceful manner which he would not dare to do in front of his family.

But since the family is smaller in size he can escape from its supervision, unlike the tribe whose supervision is felt by all its members.

In view of these considerations the tribe forms a behavior pattern for its members which will be transformed into a social education which is better and more  human than any school education.

The tribe is a social school where its members are brought up from childhood to absorb high ideals which are transformed into a behavior pattern for
life.

These become automatically rooted as the human being grows, unlike education with its curricula, formally dictated and gradually lost with the growth of the individual.

[16]

This is so because it is formal and ruled by tests and because the individual is aware of the fact that it is dictated to him.

The tribe is a natural social ‘umbrella’ for social security.

By virtue of social tribal traditions, the tribe provides for its members collective payment of ransom, collective fines, collective revenge and collective defence, i.e. social protection.
Blood is the prime factor in the formation of the tribe but it is not the only factor because affiliation is also a factor in the formation of the tribe.
With the passage of time the difference between the factors of blood and affiliation disappears, leaving the tribe as one social and physical unit.

But it is a unit of blood and origin more than any other.

[17]

THE NATION

The nation is the individual’s national political ‘umbrella’ and it is wider than the social ‘umbrella’ provided by the tribe to its members.

Tribalism damages nationalism because tribal allegiance weakens national loyalty and flourishes at its expense.

In the same way loyalty to the family flourishes at the expense of tribal loyalty and weakens it.

National fanaticism is essential to the nation but at the same time it is a threat to humanity.
The nation in the world community is similar to the family in the tribe.

The more the families of one tribe quarrel and become fanatic, the more the tribe is threatened.

Equally if the members of one family quarrel and each of them seeks only his personal interests, the family is threatened, and if the tribes of a nation quarrel and seek their own interests, that nation is threatened.

[18]
National fanaticism, the use of national force against weak nations, or the national progress which is the outcome of plundering from other nations, are evil and harmful to humanity.

However, the powerful individual who respects himself and is aware of his own responsibilities is important and useful to the family, just as a strong respectable family, which is aware of its importance, is socially and materially useful to the tribe.

Equally useful to the whole world is the progressive, productive and civilized nation.

The national political structure is damaged when it descends to the lower social level, namely the family and tribe, and attempts to act in their manner and to adopt their views.

The nation is a large family which has passed through the stage of the tribe and also through the ramifications of the tribes that have branched out of one origin; it includes as well those members who affiliated them- selves with its destiny.

The family, likewise, grows into a nation only after passing through the stages of the tribe and its ramifications, as well as through the stage of affiliation which comes about as a result of various types of a social mixture.

[19]

Inevitably this is achieved over long periods of time. Although the passage of time creates nations, it also helps to fragment old ones.

However, the common origin and shared destiny through affiliation are two historic bases for any nation, though origin ranks first and affiliation second.

A nation is not defined only by origin, even though origin is its basis and beginning.

In addition to that a nation is formed by human accumulations through the course of history which induce a group of people to live in one area of land, make a common history, form one heritage and face the same destiny.

Finally, the nation, regardless of blood bond, is the sense of belonging and a common destiny.
But why has the map of the earth witnessed great nations that disappeared to be replaced by other nations and vice versa?

Is the reason political only, without any relationship to the social aspect of the Third Universal Theory?

Or is it social and properly the concern of this part of the Green Book? Let us see:

The family is indisputably a social structure, rather than political.

[20]
The same applies to the tribe because it is a family which has reproduced, procreated and become many families.

Equally the nation is a tribe, after it has grown and its branches have multiplied and become transformed into clans, then into
tribes.
The nation is also a social structure whose bond is nationalism, the tribe is a social structure whose bond is tribalism, the family is a social structure  whose bond is family ties; and the nations of the world are social structures whose bond is humanity.

These are self evident facts.

Then there is the political structure of states which form the political map of the world.

But why does the map of the world keep changing from one age to another?

The reason is that the political structure may, or may not, be consistent with the social structure.

When it is consistent in a nation, it lasts and does not change. If the change is forced by external colonialism or internal col- lapse, it reappears under the emblem of national struggle, national revival or national unity.

[21]
When the political structure embraces more than one nation, its map will be torn up by each nation gaining independence under the emblem of nationalism. Thus, the maps of the empires, which the world has witnessed, have been torn up be-
cause they were made up of a number of nations.

When every nation clings fanatically to its nationalism and seeks independence, the political empire is torn up and its components go back to their social origins.

The evidence is crystal clear in the history of the world if we review all its ages.

But why were those empires made up of different nations?

The answer is that the state is not only a social structure like the family, the tribe and the nation, but rather a political entity created by several factors, the simplest and foremost of which is nationalism.

The national state is the only political form which is consistent with the natural social structure.

Its existence lasts, unless it becomes subject to the tyranny of another stronger nationalism, or unless its political structure, as a state, is affected by its social structure in the form of tribes, clans  and families.

[22]

It is damaging to the political structure if it is subjected to the family, tribal, or sectarian social structure and adopts its characteristics.
However, religious, economic and military factors also contribute to form a state which differs from the simple state, the national state.
A common religion, the requirements of economics or military conquests may constitute a state embracing several nationalism’s.

Thus, in one age the world witnesses a state or an empire which it sees disappear in another age.

When the spirit of nationalism emerges stronger than the religious spirit and conflict flares up between different nationalism’s which were brought together, for example, by one religion, each nation becomes independent and recovers its social structure.

That empire, then, disappears. The role of religion reappears when the religious spirit emerges stronger than the spirit of nationalism.
Consequently the various nationalism’s are unified under the banner of religion until the national role appears once again and so on.

[23]

All the states which are composed of several nationalisms for various reasons — whether of religious, economics, military power or of man-made ideologies — will be torn up by the national conflict until each nationalism is independent, i.e. the social factor will inevitably triumph over the political factor.
Therefore, despite political factors which necessitate the establishment of the state, the basis for the life of individuals is the family, the tribe, then the nation, extending eventually to all humanity.

The essential factor is the social factor.

It is the permanent factor, namely nationalism. Stress should be laid on social reality and family care in order to bring up the integrated well-educated man.

Care should then be given to the tribe as a social ‘umbrella’ and natural social school which brings up man at the post-family stage. Then comes the nation.

[24]

The individual learns social values only from the family and the tribe which form a natural social structure engineered by no particular individual. Taking care of the family is for the sake of the individual just as the care of the tribe is in the interest of the family, the individual and the nation, i.e. nationalism. The social factor, namely the national factor, is the genuine and permanent driving force of history.

To disregard the national bond of human groups and to establish a political system contradictory to social reality sets up a temporary structure which will be destroyed by the movement of the social factor of those groups, i.e. the national movement of each nation.
All these realities are innate in the life of man and are not rational conjunctures.

Every individual in the world should be aware of these realities and work accordingly, so that his action may be worthwhile.

It is necessary to know these proven realities in order to avoid deviation, disorder and damage in the life of human groups which are the result of a lack of understanding and respect for these principles of human life.

[25]

WOMAN

It is an undisputed fact that both man and woman are human beings.

It follows as a self-evident fact that woman and man are equal as human beings.

Discrimination between man and woman is a flagrant act of oppression without any justification.

For woman eats and drinks as man eats and drinks …

Woman loves and hates as man loves and hates …

Woman thinks, learns and understands as man thinks, learns and understands …
Woman, like man, needs shelter, clothing and vehicles …

Woman feels hunger and thirst as man feels hunger and thirst …

Woman lives and dies as man lives and dies.
But why are there man and woman?
Indeed, human society is composed neither of man alone nor of woman alone.

It is made up naturally of man and woman.

Why were not only men created?

Why were not only women created?

After all, what is the difference between man and woman?

Why was it necessary to create man and woman?

[26]
There must be a natural necessity for the existence of man and woman, rather than man only or woman only.

It follows that neither of them is exactly the other, and the fact that a natural difference exists between man and woman is proved by the created existence of man and woman.

This means, as a matter of fact, that there is a role for each one of them, matching the difference between them. Accordingly, there must
be different prevailing conditions for each one to live and perform their naturally different roles.

To comprehend this role, we must understand the differences in the nature of man and woman, namely the natural differences between them:
Woman is a female and man is a male. According to a gynecologist, woman menstruates or suffers feebleness every month, while man, being a
male, does not menstruate and he is not subject to the monthly period which is a bleeding.

A woman, being a female, is naturally subject to monthly bleeding.

When a woman does not menstruate, she is pregnant.

[27]
If she is pregnant she becomes, due to pregnancy, feeble for about a year, which means that all her natural activities are seriously reduced until she delivers her baby.

When she delivers her baby or has had a miscarriage, she suffers puerperium, a feebleness attendant on delivery or miscarriage.
As the man does not get pregnant, he is not liable to the feebleness which woman, being a female, suffers.

Afterwards woman breast-feeds the baby she bore. Breast-feeding continues for about two years.

Breast-feeding means that a woman is so inseparable from her baby that her activity is seriously reduced.

She becomes directly responsible for another person whom she helps to carry out his biological functions, without which it would die.

The man, on the other hand, neither conceives nor breast-feeds.
All these innate characteristics form differences because of which man and woman cannot be equal.

These, in themselves, are the realities that necessitate the distinction between male and female, i.e. man and woman; they assign to each of them a different role or function in life.

[28]
This means that man cannot replace woman in carrying out these functions.

It is worthy of consideration that these biological functions are a heavy burden, causing woman great effort and suffering.
However, without these functions which woman performs, human life would come to an end.

It follows that it is a natural function which is neither voluntary nor compulsory.

It is an essential function, whose sole alternative is that human life would come to a complete standstill.
There is a deliberate intervention against conception which is the alternative to human life.

In addition to that there is a partial deliberate intervention against conception, as well as against breast-feeding.

All these are links in a chain of actions against natural life, culminating in murder, i.e. for a woman to kill herself in order not to conceive, deliver and breastfeed, is within the realm of deliberate interventions against the nature of life embodied in conception, breast-feeding, maternity and marriage, though they differ only in degree.

[29]
To dispense with the natural role of woman in maternity — i.e. nurseries replacing mothers — is a start in dispensing with the human society and transforming it into a biological society with an artificial way of life. To separate children from their mothers and to cram them into nurseries is a process by which they are transformed into something very close to chicks, for nurseries are similar to poultry farms in which chicks are crammed after they are hatched.

Nothing else would be appropriate for man’s nature, and would suit his dignity, except natural motherhood, (i.e. the child is raised by his mother …)

+ in a family where the true principles of motherhood, fatherhood and brotherhood prevail, +

rather than in a centre similar to a poultry breeding farm. Poultry, like the rest of the members of the animal kingdom, needs motherhood as a natural phase.
Therefore, breeding them on farms similar to nurseries is against their natural growth.

[30]

Even their meat is closer to synthetic meat than natural meat. Meat from mechanized poultry farms is not tasty and may not be nourishing because the chicks are not naturally bred, i.e. they are not raised in the protective shade of natural motherhood.

The meat of wild birds is more tasty and nourishing because they grow naturally and are naturally fed.

As for children who have neither family nor shelter, society is their guardian, only for them should society establish nurseries and the like.

It is better for those to be taken care of by society rather than by individuals who are not their parents.

If a test were carried out to discover the natural propensity of the child towards his mother and the nursery, the child would opt for his mother and not the nursery. Since the natural tendency of a child is towards his mother, she is the natural and proper person to give the child the protection of nursing.
Sending a child to a nursery in place of his mother is coercion and oppression against its free natural propensity.
The natural growth for all living things is free sound growth. To substitute a nursery for a mother is coercive action against free sound growth.

[31]

Children who are driven to a nursery are driven compulsorily or by exploitation and simple-mindedness.

They are driven to nurseries purely by materialistic and not social considerations.

If coercion and childish simple mindedness were removed, they would certainly reject the nursery and cling to their mother.

The only justification for such an unnatural and inhuman process is the fact that the woman is in a position unsuitable to her nature, i.e. she is compelled to perform duties which are unsocial and anti-motherhood.
The woman, whose nature has assigned to her a natural role different from that of man, must be in an appropriate position to perform her natural role.
Motherhood is the female’s function, not the male’s. Consequently, it is unnatural to separate children from their mother.

Any attempt to take children away from their mother is coercion, oppression and dictatorship.
The mother who abandons her maternity contradicts her natural role in life.
She must be provided with her rights and conditions which are appropriate, non-coercive and unoppressive.

[32]
Thus she can carry out her natural role under natural conditions. Anything else is a self-contradictory situation.

If the woman is forced to abandon her natural role as regards conception and maternity, she falls victim to coercion and dictatorship. A woman who needs work that renders her unable to perform her natural function is not free and is compelled to do that by need, * for in need freedom is latent. *
Among suitable and even essential conditions which enable the woman to perform her natural role, which differs from that of man, are those very conditions which are proper to a human being who is sick and burdened with pregnancy, i.e. bearing another human being in her womb, which renders her physically incapacitated.

It is unjust to place such a woman in this stage of maternity into circumstances of physical work incompatible with her condition.

Such work is a punishment of woman for her betrayal of maternity and of mankind. It is also a tax she pays for entering the realm of men who are not, of course, of her sex.

[33]
The belief, including the woman’s own belief, that the woman carries out physical labor of her own accord, is not, in fact, true. For she performs the
physical work only because the harsh materialistic society has placed her, without her being directly aware, in coercive circumstances. She
has no alternative but to submit to the conditions of that society while she thinks that she works of her own accord.

However, the rule that ‘there is no difference between man and woman in every thing’ deprives her of her freedom.
The phrase ‘in every thing’ is a monstrous deception of woman. This idea will destroy the appropriate and necessary conditions which constitute
the privilege which woman ought to enjoy apart from man in accordance with her nature on which a natural role in life is based.
To demand equality between man and woman in carrying heavy weights while the woman is pregnant is unjust and cruel.

To demand equality between them in fasting and hardship, while she is breast-feeding, is unjust and cruel.

[34]
To demand equality between them in any dirty work, which stains her beauty and detracts from her femininity, is unjust and cruel.
Education that leads to work unsuitable for her nature is unjust and cruel as well.
There is no difference between man and woman in all that concerns humanity.

None of them can marry the other against his or her will, or divorce without a just trial.

Neither the woman nor the man can remarry without a previous agreement on divorce.

The woman is the owner of the house because it is one of the suitable and necessary conditions for a woman who menstruates, conceives, and cares for
her children.

The woman is the owner of the maternity shelter, which is the house.

Even in the animal world, which differs in many ways from that of man, and where maternity is also a duty according to nature, it is coercion to deprive the young of their mother or deprive the female of her shelter.
A woman is but a female. Being female means that she has a biological nature different from that of man.

[35]
The female’s biological nature differing, as it does, from that of the male, has imparted to a woman characteristics different from those of a man in form
and essence.

A woman’s anatomy is different from that of a man just as the female in plants and animals are different from the male.

This is a natural and incontrovertible fact. In the animal and plant kingdoms the male is naturally created strong and tough, while the female is created beautiful and gentle.

These are natural and eternal characteristics innate in these living creatures, whether called human beings, animals or plants.
In view of his different nature and in line with the laws of nature, the male has played the role of the strong and tough without compulsion but simply
because he is created in that way.

The female has played the role of the beautiful and the gentle, not because she wanted to, but because she is created so.

This natural rule is just, partly because it is natural, and partly because it is the basic rule for freedom.

For all living creatures are created free and any interference with that freedom is coercion.

[36]
Non-commitment to these natural roles and a lack of concern towards their roles amount to an act of negligence and
destruction of the values of life itself.
Nature has thus been designed in harmony with the inevitability of life from what is being to what will become.

The living creature is a being who inevitably lives until he is dead. Existence between the beginning and the end is based on a natural law, without choice or compulsion.

It is natural. It is natural freedom.
In the animal, plant and human kingdoms there must be a male and a female for life to occur from its beginning to its end.

They do not only exist but they have to play, with absolute efficiency, the natural role for which they have been created.

If their role is not efficiently performed there must be some defect in the course of life caused by certain circumstances.

This is the case of societies nowadays almost everywhere in the world as a result of confusing the roles of man and woman, i.e. as a result of endeavors to transform a woman into a man.

[37]
In harmony with their nature and its purpose they must be creative within their respective roles.

For the opposite is retrogressive.

It is a trend against nature, which is as destructive to the rule of freedom, as it is hostile to both life and survival.

Men and women must perform, not abandon the role for which they are created.

Abandoning the role or even a part of it only occurs as a result of coercive conditions, i.e. under abnormal conditions.

The woman who rejects pregnancy, marriage, make up and femininity for reasons of health, abandons her natural role in life under these coercive
conditions of health.

The woman who rejects marriage, pregnancy or motherhood etc., because of work, abandons her natural role under the same coercive conditions.

The woman who rejects marriage, pregnancy or maternity etc., without any concrete cause, abandons her natural role as a result of a coercive condition which is a moral deviation from the norm.

Thus. abandoning the natural role of female and male in life can only occur under unnatural conditions which are contrary to nature and a threat to survival.

[38]
Consequently, there must be a world revolution which puts an end to all materialistic conditions hindering woman from performing her natural role in life and driving her to carry out man’s duties in order to be equal in rights. Such a revolution will inevitably take place, particularly in the industrial societies, as a response by the instinct of survival, even without any instigator of revolution such as the Green Book.

* All societies nowadays look upon woman as no more than an article of merchandise. The East regards her as a commodity for buying and selling, while the West does not recognize her femininity. *

Driving woman to do man’s work is unjust aggression against the femininity with which she is naturally provided for a natural purpose essential to
life.

For man’s work disguises the woman’s beautiful features which are created for female roles.

They are exactly like blossoms which are created to attract pollen and to produce seeds.

If we did away with the blossoms, the role of plants in life would come to an end.

[39]
It is the natural embellishment in butterflies and birds as well as the rest of animal females which is created for that natural vital goal.

If a woman carries out man’s work, she will be transformed into a man abandoning her role and her beauty.

A woman has full rights to live without being forced to change into a man and to give up her femininity.
The physical structure, which is naturally different between man and woman, leads to differences in the functions of their different organs which lead in turn to differences in the psyche, mood, nerves and physical appearance.

A woman is tender.

A woman is pretty.

A woman weeps easily.

A woman is easily frightened.

In general woman is gentle and man is tough by virtue of their inbred nature.
To ignore natural differences between man and woman and mix their roles is an absolutely uncivilized attitude, hostile to the laws of nature,
destructive to human life, and a genuine cause for the wretchedness of human social life.

[40]
Modern industrial societies, which have made woman adapt to the same physical work as man at the expense of her femininity and her natural role in
terms of beauty, maternity and peace of mind — those societies are uncivilized.

They are materialistic, uncivilized societies.

It is as stupid as it is dangerous to civilization and humanity to copy them.
* The question, then, is not whether the woman works or does not work. For it is a ridiculous materialistic presentation.Work should be provided by the society to all able members — men and women – who need work, but on condition that each individual should work in the field that suits him, and not be forced to carry out unsuitable work. For the children to find themselves under adult working conditions is in- justice and dictatorship. Equally it is
injustice and dictatorship for woman to find herself under the working conditions of man. *

Freedom means that every human being gets that education which qualifies him for work which is appropriate to him.

[41]
Dictatorship means that a human being learns what is not suitable for him.

That leads him to work which is not suitable for him.

Work which is appropriate to man is not always appropriate to woman, and the knowledge that is proper for the child is not suitable for the adult.
There is no difference in human rights between man and woman, the child and the adult. But there is no absolute equality between them as regards their duties.

[42]

MINORITIES

What is a minority?

What are its pros and cons? How can the problem of minorities be solved in accordance with the solution presented by the Third Universal Theory to various human problems?
There are only two types of minorities. One of them belongs to a nation which provides it with a social framework, while the other has no nation and
forms its own social framework.

The latter is the one that forms one of the historic accumulations which eventually constitute a nation by virtue of a sense of belonging and a common destiny.
It is clear now that such a minority has its own social rights.

Any encroachment on these rights by any majority is an act of injustice.

The social characteristic is personal and is not to be given or taken away.

Its political and economic problems can only be solved by the masses in whose hands power, wealth and arms should be placed.

[43]
Viewing the minority as a political and economic minority is dictatorship and injustice.

[44]

THE BLACKS

THE BLACKS WILL PREVAIL IN THE WORLD

The latest age of slavery is the white race’s enslavement of the black race.
The black man will not forget this until he has achieved rehabilitation.
This tragic and historic event, the resulting bitter feeling, and the search for satisfaction derived from rehabilitating a whole race, constitute a
psychological motivation in the movement of the black race to vengeance and domination, which cannot be disregarded.

Added to that is the inevitability of the social historical cycles including the yellow race’ s domination of the world when it marched from Asia
against the rest of the continents.

Then came the role of the white race, when it carried out a wide-ranging colonialist movement covering all the continents of the world.

Now comes the black race’s turn to prevail.
The black race is now in a very backward social situation.

[45]
But such backwardness helps to bring about numerical superiority of the blacks because their low standard of living has protected them from getting to
know the means and ways of birth control and family planning.

Also their backward social traditions are a reason why there is no limit to marriage, leading to their unlimited growth, while the population of other races has decreased because of birth control, restrictions on marriage and continuous occupation in work, unlike the blacks who are sluggish in a climate which is always hot.

[46]

EDUCATION

Education, or learning, is not necessarily that methodized curriculum and those classified subjects in text books which youth are forced to learn during
specified hours while sitting on rows of desks.

This type of education, now prevailing all over the world, is against human freedom. Compulsory education, of which countries of the world boast whenever they are able to force it on their youth, is one of the methods which suppresses freedom.

It is a compulsory obliteration of a human being’s talents as well as a forcible direction of a human being’s choices.

It is an act of dictatorship damaging to freedom because it deprives man of free choice, creativity and brilliance.

To force a human being to learn according to a set curriculum is a dictatorial act.

To impose certain subjects upon people is a dictatorial act.
Compulsory and methodized education is in fact a forced stultification of the masses.

All countries which set courses of education in terms of formal curricula and force pupils to learn them, coerce their citizens.

[47]
All methods of education prevailing in the world should be done away with through a worldwide cultural revolution to emancipate man’s mind from
curricula of fanaticism and from the process of deliberate adaptation of man’s taste, his ability to form concepts and his mentality.
This does not mean that schools are to be closed and that people should turn their backs on education, as it may seem to superficial readers.

On the contrary, it means that society should provide all types of education, giving people the chance to choose freely any subjects they wish to learn. This requires a sufficient number of schools for all types of education.

Insufficient schools restrict man’s freedom of choice forcing him to learn the subjects available, while depriving him of natural right of choice because of the lack of availability of other subjects.
Societies which ban and monopolize knowledge are reactionary societies biased towards ignorance and hostile to freedom.

[48]
Thus societies which prohibit the teaching of religion as it actually is, are reactionary societies, biased towards ignorance and hostile to freedom. Societies which monopolize religious education are reactionary societies, biased towards ignorance and hostile to freedom.

Equally reactionary and biased towards ignorance and hostile to freedom are the societies which distort the religions, civilizations and behaviour of others in the process of teaching those subjects.
Societies which consider materialistic knowledge as taboo are reactionary societies biased towards ignorance and hostile to freedom.

Knowledge is a natural right of every human being which nobody has the right to deprive him of under any pretext except in a case where a person himself does something which deprives him of that right.
Ignorance will come to an end when everything is presented as it actually is and when knowledge about everything is available to each person in the manner that suits him.

[49]

MELODIES AND ARTS

Man is still backward because he is unable to speak one common language.
Until he attains this human aspiration, which seems impossible, the expression of joy and sorrow, what is good and bad, beauty and ugliness, comfort and misery, mortality and eternity, love and hatred, the description of colors, sentiments, tastes and moods — all will be according to the language each people speaks automatically.

Behavior itself will remain based on the reaction produced by the feeling the language creates in the speaker’s mind.
Learning one language, whatever it may be, is not the solution for the time being. It is a problem that will inevitably remain without solution until the
process of the unification of languages has passed through various generations and epochs, provided that the hereditary factor comes to an end in
those generations through the passage of enough time. For the sentiment, taste and mood of the forefathers and

[50]
fathers form those of sons and grandsons. If those forefathers spoke various languages and the grandsons speak one language, the grandsons will not necessarily share a common taste by virtue of speaking one language.

Such a common taste can only be achieved when the new language imparts the taste and the sense which are transmitted by inheritance from one generation to another.
If a group of people wear white clothes in mourning and another group put on black ones, the sentiment of each group will be adjusted according
to these two colors, i.e. one group hates the black color while the other one likes it, and vice versa.

Such a sentiment leaves its physical effect on the cells as well as on the genes in the body.

This adaptation will be transmitted by inheritance.

The inheritor automatically hates the color hated by the legator as a result of inheriting the sentiment of his legator.

Consequently, people are only harmonious with their own arts and heritages.

[51]

They are not harmonious with the arts of others because of heredity, even though those people, who differ in heritage, speak one common language.

Such a difference emerges between the groups of one people even if it is on a small scale.
To learn one language is not a problem and to understand others’ arts as a result of learning their language is also not a problem.

The problem is the impossibility of a real institutional adaptation to the language of others.
This will remain impossible until the effect of heredity, which is transmitted in the human body, comes to an end.
Mankind is really still backward because man does not speak with his brother one common language which is inherited and not learned.

However, it is only a matter of time for mankind to achieve that goal unless civilization should relapse.

[52]

SPORT, HORSEMANSHIP AND SHOWS

Sport is either private, like the prayer which man performs alone by himself even inside a closed room, or public, practiced collectively in open places, like the prayer which is practiced collectively in places of worship.
The first type of sport concerns the individual himself, while the second type is of concern to all people.

It must be practiced by all people and should not be left to anybody to praise on their behalf.

It is unreasonable for crowds to enter places of worship just to view a person or a group of people praying without taking part.

It is equally unreasonable for crowds to enter playgrounds and arenas to watch a player or a team without participating themselves.
Sport is like praying, eating, and the feeling of warmth and coolness.

[53]

It is stupid for crowds to enter a restaurant just to look at a person or a group of persons eating; it is stupid for people to let a person or a group of persons get warmed or enjoy ventilation on their behalf.

It is equally illogical for the society to allow an individual or a team to monopolize sports while the people as a whole pay the costs of such a monopoly for the benefit of one person or a team.

In the same way people should not democratically allow an individual or a group, whether party, class, sect, tribe or parliament, to replace them in deciding their destiny and in defining their needs.

Private sport is of concern only to those who practice it on their own and at their own expense.

Public sport is a public need and the people should not be represented in its practice either physically or democratically. Physically, the representative cannot transmit to others how his body and morale benefited from sport.

Democratically, no individual or team has the right to monopolize sport, power, wealth or arms for themselves.

Sporting clubs are the basic organizational means of traditional sport in the world today.

[54]
They get hold of all expenditures and public facilities allocated to sport in every state.

These institutions are only social monopolistic instruments like all dictatorial political instruments which monopolize authority, economic
instruments which monopolize wealth, and traditional military instruments which monopolize arms.

As the era of the masses does away with the instruments monopolizing power, wealth and arms, it will, inevitably, destroy the monopoly of social activity such as sports, horsemanship and so forth.

The masses who queue to vote for a candidate to represent them in deciding their destiny act on the impossible assumption that he will represent them
and embody, on their behalf, their dignity, sovereignty and point of view.
However those masses, who are robbed of their will and dignity, are reduced to mere spectators, watching another person performing what they
should, naturally, be doing themselves.

The same holds true of the crowds which fail to practice sport by themselves and for themselves because of their ignorance.

[55]
They are fooled by monopolistic instruments which endeavor to stupefy them and divert them to indulging in laughter and applause instead. Sport, as a social activity, must be for the masses, just as power, wealth and arms should be in the hands of the people.
Public sport is for all the masses.

It is a right of all the people for its health and recreational benefits.

It is mere stupidity to leave its benefits to certain individuals and teams who monopolize them while the masses provide the facilities and pay the expenses for the establishment of public sports.

The thousands who crowd stadiums to view, applaud and laugh are those foolish people who have failed to carry out the activity themselves.

They line up on the shelves of the sports grounds, practicing lethargy, and applauding those heroes who wrest from them the initiative, dominate the field and control the sport, exploiting the facilities the masses provide.

[56]

Originally, the public grandstands were designed to demarcate the masses from the playing fields and grounds, i.e. to prevent the masses from having access to the playing fields.

When the masses march and play sport in the center of the playing fields and the open spaces, stadiums will be vacated and destroyed.

That will take place when the masses become aware of the fact that sport is a public activity which must be practiced rather than watched.

The opposite, which would be a helpless apathetic minority that watch, would be more reasonable.

The grandstand will disappear when no one is there to occupy it.

Those who are unable to perform the roles of heroism in life, who are ignorant of the events of history, who fall short of envisaging the future and who are not serious enough in their lives, are the trivial persons who fill the seats of the theaters and cinemas to watch the events of life and to learn their course.
They are like pupils who occupy school desks because they are not only uneducated but also illiterate.
Those who direct the course of life for themselves do not need to watch it working through actors on the stage or in the cinemas.

[57]

Likewise, horsemen who hold the reins of their horses have no seat in the grandstands at the race course.

If every person has a horse, no one will be there to watch and applaud.
The sitting spectators are only those who are too helpless to perform this kind of activity because they are not horsemen.
Equally, the Bedouin peoples show no interest in theaters and shows because they are very serious and hard working.

As they have created a serious life, they ridicule acting.

Bedouin societies also do not watch performers, but perform games and take part in joyful ceremonies because they naturally recognize the need for these activities and practice them automatically.
Different types of boxing and wrestling are evidence that mankind has not got rid of all savage behavior.

Inevitably they will come to an end when man ascends the ladder of civilization.
Human sacrifice and pistol duels were familiar practices in different stages of human evolution.

However, those savage practices came to an end years ago.

[58]

Man now laughs at himself and regrets such acts.

That will be the fate of boxing and wrestling after tens or hundreds of years.

However, the more the people are civilized and sophisticated, the more they are able to ward

off both the performance and the encouragement of these practices.

[59]

The Green Book by Mu’ammar al-Qathafi

Before making judgement on the man, listen to his ideas as presented in is book.

 

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(# # Assigned Zliten)

أولاد الشيخ عبدالسلام الاسمر
✿صَبَآحًكُم بدَآيَة جَمِيلَة✿⊹⊱╮
وَطَريْقً مَفَتوَحْ
وَآمنيَآتُ تَتَحَقَق
وَرَآحَه تَدُومْ
وَسَعَآدَة تَمْلأْ آروَآحَكُمْ
وآبتِسَآمَة لآ تَزُولْ
صَبًآحكُمْ كـَالمَآء العّذبْ
يَغسل كٌل مَآيَعكرْ صَفو آيَآمَكٌمْ ::::::::::::

#قرين زليتن#

 

With Mu’ammar al-Qathafi, the world will finally know peace:

Allah bless our LIVING-martyr leader Muammar al-Qathafi !

“Black Libyan resistance”:

‘Military Academy’ al-Qathafi Policy nomadic way upscale

Alosos ….
Not just tents …
but is ‘Military Academy Gadhafi Policy nomadic way upscale’

is a symbol and a reference for each Badawi free and brave …

Academy is a school and you dream of them to graduate …

are graduated from the Academy of the giants of the Great Revolution …

and has had leaders and activists and revolutionaries and nationalists from all over the world …

and gave lessons for Western politicians who came from luxury mansions dominated anxiety, panic, and discord …

to Join tents filled serenity, tranquility and harmony …

and the greatest good stable residence of the palace …

(By # girl Qadhadhfa)

[* * Militant Arabism]

أســــــــــــود المـــــقاومــــــة الـلـيـــبــيـــة

العثعث ….
ليست مجرد خياما… بل هى أكاديمية متلت سياسة القذافى بطريقة بدوية راقية … هي رمز ومرجع لكل بدوى حر وشجاع … هي مدرسة وأكاديمية تحلم أنت أن تتخرج منها … هي أكاديمية تخرج منها عمالقة ثورة الفاتح العظيم … و زارها القادة و المناضلين و الثوريين و القوميين من كل أنحاء العالم … و أعطت دروسا للساسة الغرب الذين جاءوا من القصور الفاخرة التى يسودها القلق ، والفزع ،و الشقاق… الى الخيام البسيطة تملؤه السكينة والطمأنينة والوئام … خير مستقرا وأعظم مقاما من القصر…
بقلم ‫#‏بنت‬ القذاذفة

* مناضل العروبة *

 

 

—–

The arrival of a batch of armored vehicles of the Libyan security devices coming from the State of France.

 

 

_________________________________________

 

 

LIBYA RAT NEWS:

 

 

Khalifa SPI:

Professor Mahmoud Masrati son of Libya puts Mohammed Bo Sidra in size.

MOHAMMED BO SIDRA

 

اﻻستاذ محمود المصراتي ابن ليبيا يضع بوسدره في حجمه .

Lire la vidéo

 

 

_________________________________________

TRIPOLI:

 

 

Security Council:

The Supreme Court’s decision null and void and contrary to the demands of Hua Libyan people.

 

ZINTAN BRIGADES QaaQa:

Readiness of a major uprising of Tripoli and the provision by the army to enter and secure.

God is great God is great ..

Publishing and Circular:

TO: All citizens living in camps near Tripoli,
or, near the concentration Aomkhazn ammunition militias affiliated to the points of ‘Dawn Libya’,

Must stay-away from areas Tllk, Starting Tonight.

(Assigned Zliten)

Official Page – Major Imed Trabelsi

O people of the capital, Be ready
O descendants of the chosen date records
Do not let your home, and you look lost
But that Amagdna grandchildren or al-Anonna most cursed.

The morale of your army in the sky

God is great and thankfully

يا أهل العاصمة كونوا علي أستعداد
يا أحفاد المختار التاريخ يسجل
لا تتركوا وطنكم يضيع و أنتم تنظرون
أما أن يمجدنا أحفادنا أو يلعنوننا أشد لعن .

معنويات جيشكم في السماء

الله أكبر و لله الحمد

PALM RESORT:

“Khalifa SPI”, reporting:

Strength of Ansar al-Sharia in Bofak and Tmrkazho Port in ‘Palm Resort’ consists of 50 armed force car

and Talaao people of palm and dialect Grbawih.

I wish you could deliver information.

 

FASHLOUM /  DAHMANI ANGLE:

Fashloum demonstrations and lead sounds permeated the region and slogans

against the militias and Salah Badi / Roma Libya.

Heavy fire in the direction of areas Fashloum angle Dahmani
Lord delivers Liberal

 

“Black Libyan resistance”:

# And Rdna alan:
Deterrent to the spread of Brotherhood ‘hater’ militias in Omar al-Mukhtar Street,

next to the gas station and hotel

and hospital Soubakedz,  evacuation of children.

Please caution thorough inspection on the car.

(* * Militant Arabism)

 

TAJOUIRAH:

The God we shall return to him though

 العقيد سالم المدهون TRAITOR !!!

Filter Colonel Salim al-Madhun (‘Colonel Salem painted’) head of the military council Tajourah,

one Al-Libby army officers,

by the Brotherhood extremist group Abu Obeida Angular trace, after being abducted from the road.

HE WAS A TRAITOR.
BIG PROAGANDA STORY BY NATO; FULL OF LIES:
قصة دعاية كبيرة منظمة حلف شمال الأطلسي! مليئة بالأكاذيب!:

The story of the Libyan officer Mohamed Al-Madhoun “defected and

rose to Colonel

Post date: 2011-09-07

http://www.alwatanvoice.com/arabic/news/2011/09/07/187943.html

وكان خائنا !

Writer Nicholas Kristof tells in an article he wrote in the New York Times story of Libyan officer was tells stories of discontent among the army of kadhafi, the Libyan Revolution was planting bombs and distributing arms smuggler in Tripoli to help overthrow kadhafi.

The writer said that Salem Al-Madhoun (47 years) was arrested three weeks ago after Gaddafi forces discovered a chandelier that was related, and when he learned of his arrest he was sure to have been ‘tortured and possibly executed’, (LIARS !!!, propaganda) and upon his arrival in Tripoli decided to go to console the widow of Al-Madhoun.

But the author admitted that his fears were misplaced, it has survived painted after ‘rebels’ managed to edit from the Abu Salim prison in Tripoli, where they found torture, portering, and tajoura anointed champion. (LIES / PROPAGANDA)

The writer said that Salem Al-Madhoun studied electrical engineering in France and joined the Navy, and when starting the revolution in February received his ship is bombed Benghazi, but defected on his face his ship to Malta, and through a broker contact the author to ask about how to get us protection while his ship at sea.

Then the author recounts the disappearance of Al-Madhoun then then started organizing resistance on the outskirts of Tripoli, where he worked with a strength of approximately 1200 resistor, it sent the coordinates of military sites to be targeted to the French Government to NATO bombards of these sites.

The writer said that the role of women was not in the interface, but it was essential, even the daughters of Al-Madhoun, aged 11 and 14 years old involved in sewing information, with other family members have been suspended on the mosques and schools to deliver the message of the revolution.

In may, Al-Madhoun was captured in a routine inspection, he lied about his identity and he was just a vegetable vendor, after four hours of interrogation and beatings were released, but police knew hidden on 10 August and entered his life turned upside down.

He said Al-Madhoun “when they seized me, you know I will kill,” said that he was subjected to electric shocks (PROPAGANDA) and had been told that by Saif al-Islam Gaddafi.

He said what helped him in the face of torture is the recitation of the verses of the Quran, and divulging any names. After the rebels stormed the Abu Salim prison had been appointed commander of the tajoura anointed.

A writer’s America fearing the new Libya, but leaders of all factions, and the story of Al-Madhoun is the window to see the vision of an Arab spring from Tunisia to Syria.

The writer said that Al-Madhoun admits that the hard work is only just beginning, and is optimistic that Libya could build a pluralist democracy, and hopes that President Barack Obama will visit Tripoli soon to thank the Libyan people and thank all Americans for their support, and said Al-Madhoun was dead an investigator, but I live by the grace of God and then NATO.

المزيد على دنيا الوطن .

Loud explosion shakes the capital Tripoli.

al-JAFARAH:

Quoting # Dardanelle News
Kidnapping Office of the Coordinator of Social Affairs area # al-Jafarah
“Sharef Bouzid Garisaah” next to the bridge 27 by ‘Roma Libya’

gangs

____________________________

 

WESTERN REGION:

Statement of the operating room in the western region of the Libyan army 11 NOV. 2014:

Zintan brigade Qaqaa

Significant progress for our troops on the all axes

Brigade Qaqaa enters strongly today and in control of the areas that were under the control of the ‘dawn Libya Association and crushers’.

And the families of 4 persons 1 and 3 from the corner of Gharyan after surrounding them and forcing

them to surrender their weapons.

(Zintan brigade Qaqaa)

 

____________________________

 

GREEN NAFUSA WESTERN MOUNTAINS:

KIKLA (KKLH / al-KWASSA):

 

AXIS al-GEHICH:

Heavy shelling on militias Roma Libya # b # Kikla sites now specifically axis al-Gehich.

 

 

____________________________

 

ZLITEN:

 

the demon in rat despicable criminal Chick Khaled Akaddar al-Ehioan traitor NATO client.

Hedda Dog / murderer ‘Eachald Akaddar Aamjerm’,

Sons, Sheikh Abdul Salam al-Asmar

Sabra Yamen military heroes killed inside the hospital Zliten!!

O traitor, and God will not go unpunished. ‘Eachald Akaddar Aamjerm’, science Hedda dog.

God was in the sight of the Libyan army killed in cold blood inside the hospital B.Zliten,

and we have evidence of his involvement in the killings in Bani Walid in the alleged attack al-Dhalm decision to No. 7.

أولاد الشيخ عبدالسلام الاسمر

صبرا يامن قتلت أبطال الجيش داخل مستشفي زليتن يا خائن والله لن تفلت من العقاب ياخالد القدار يامجرم للعلم هدا الكلب. أكرمكم الله كان يقتل في الجيش الليبي بدم بارد داخل المستشفي بزليتن ويوجد لدينا الدلائل لتورطه في عمليات القتل في بن وليد في الهجوم الضالم المزعوم لقرار رقم 7
Die Sabra tuant le héros armée hôpital Zliten qu’ya traître et Dieu ne va pas s’en tirer avec yakhald yamgrm science ale Kadar ce chien. Merci Allah a été tué dans l’armée libyenne de sang-froid dans l’hôpital et ont fourni des preuves de son implication dans les meurtres commis à Al Waleed lors de l’attaque allégué shakeel 7.

 

____________________________

dirty MISURATA

 

KHAMIS HERO YESTERDAY:

the children of Sheikh Abdul Salam al-Asmar

Yesterday Tuesday, 11 November 2014 – 23:47

‘Khamis driving forces’ in the Libyan desert killed 11 individuals from Misurata
On 11 November 2014

Military sources from the “RAT Militia shield Libya 2”, said they have lost contact with a combination of 13 people in the southern fringes of the Libyan desert!! (HAH!”)

The sources added that 11 of the individual “Rat Militia shield Libya from the sons of the city of Misrata”, were killed at the hands of trace previously Brigade 32, which was led by Khamis Gaddafi forces.

She explained that the five members were able to escape from the attack and who they have faced heavy fire from a high-combat training and hit-and-run and maneuver forces.

The sources quoted 5 members of a personal mission to lead these forces are believed to be Khamis Gaddafi, personally attacking forces; because the offensive plan known only to the leaders of the 32 Brigade adults.

She pointed out that the leaders of Sdmakberh, hit the city of Misrata, after news of its exposure to the surprise attack, where it exercised a high degree of confidentiality and secret knowledge.

أولاد الشيخ عبدالسلام الاسمر

اليوم الثلاثاء 11 نوفمبر 2014 – 11:47 مساءً
الصفحة الرئيسية » ثقافة عامة
خميس يقود قوات في الصحراء الليبية قتلت 11فرد من مصراته
بتاريخ نوفمبر 11, 2014

قالت مصادر عسكرية من لواء درع ليبيا(2) إنها فقدت الإتصال بمجموعة مكونة من 13فرداً في الأطراف الجنوبية للصحراء الليبية.

وأضافت المصادر أن 11 فرد من لواء درع ليبيا من أبناء مدينة مصراته قتلوا على يد قوات تتبع للواء 32 سابقاً الذي كان يقوده خميس القذافي.

وأوضحت أن 5 أفراد تمكنوا من الفرار من الهجوم والذين إنهم واجهوا نيران كثيفة من قوات ذات تدريب عالي على القتال والكر والفر والمناورة.

ونقلت المصادر عن 5 أفراد أن شخصية مهمة تقود هذه القوات يعتقد بانها خميس القذافي شخصياً لأن القوات المهاجمة قامت بخطة هجومية لا يعرفها إلا قادة اللواء 32 الكبار.

واشارت إلى أن صدمةكبيرة أصابت قادة مدينة مصراته بعد معرفة خبر تعرض قواتها لهجوم مباغت حيث تمارس عليه درجة عالية من السرية والكتمان.

 

Sons, Sheikh Abdul Salam al-Asmar

Oh Allah, make the eight gates of paradise are open to us ..
And the hearts of our people to feel at home ..
And multiply all good for us ..
And all the best in the world endowed us ..
Naim and each is given us in paradise
… And in every step of the angels calling us
And in every prayer of the Prophet (PBUH) of Allah forgive us ..
Amen, Lord of the Worlds.

اللهـــــم اجعـــــل ابـــــواب الجنـــــة الثمانيـــــة تفتـــــح لنـــــا..
و قـــــلـــــوب النـــــاس تـــــرتـــــاح لـــــنـــــا..
و كـــــل حســـــنة تتضاعـــــف لنـــــا ..
و كـــــل خـــــير في الدنيـــــا يوهـــــب لـــــنا..
و كـــــل نعيـــــم فـــــي الـــــجنة يعـــــطى لـــــنا
… و فـــــى كـــــل خـــــطوة الملائكـــــة تدعو لنـــــا
و فـــــي كـــــل صـــــلاة علـــــى النبـــــي يغـــــفر الـــــله لـــــنا ..
اللهم آمــــــــــــين يــــــــارب العالميــــن

(Sheikh Mohammed al-Chuirv, true Grand Mufti of Libya, incarcerated in Misurata, from Zliten)

 

Sons, Sheikh Abdul Salam al-Asmar

As if our prisoners in Zliten, especially those who were accused of entering Bazh has been transferred from Mager prison to a prison inside Misurata city under heavy guard and in control by rats Bazh like mast and Andishe family as they have various kinds of torture on them Fabtna prisoners suffering from oppression and humiliation caused by the catastrophe Gahaar (17 FEBRUARY) Vhbwa.

Popular Iaahrar to their rescue and decrypt their families.
أولاد الشيخ عبدالسلام الاسمر
أما حال اسرانا في زليتن وخاصة الذين اتهموا بدخول البازة لقد تم تحويلهم من سجن ماجر إلى سجن داخل مدينة مصراتة تحت حراسة مشددة ومسيطرين عليه جرذان البازة مثل عائلة الصاري وانديشة وهم يمارسون شتى انواع التعذيب يومي عليهم فابطالنا الاسرى يعانون من القهر والذل والمهانة جراء نكبة قهاير فهبوا يااحرار شعبي لنجدتهم وفك أسرهم

Mandate of Misurata :

expel ‘Abu Saa family of Misurata’ following a dispute between them,

and one of Misratan families led to the death of one of the sons ..

The MISURATA home was demolished of Abu Saa (family of the deceased) before the people, after their expulsion.

(“Knight and Men”)

 

See the hypocrisy and lies of MISURATA in less than two minutes


شاهد نفاق و كذب المزاريط في أقل من دقيقتين

لم تعد متوفرة

Mohammed Fares

al-JAZEERA is unabashedly supporting “DAWN LIBYA” and MISURATA

eeee-gads!

_____________________________________

 

CYRENAICA:

 

SIRTE:

 

 

al-DAHER:

Drone
Aimed at gathering # ‘Ansar al-Sharia’ in Sirte my area # al-Daher

 

(Son of the South steadfast)

 

al-BAYDA (BAIDA):

 

 

al-ABRAQ:

Two explosions of two car bombs near the oil market Ajaj Institute at Abraq, (al-BAYDA) Libya (perpetrated by Organisation DAASH)

—-

AJDABIYA:

The dismantling of a car bomb in front of the headquarters of the so-called security Al-lhna, Ajdabiya.

 

CASABLANCA:

Foiled an attempt to blow up bank unit in CASABLANCA.

They captured the actors: A “woman” tried to put in a bag with explosives !

The arrival of the body of an unidentified of CASABLANCA, to a hospital after being found inside a car

on the road 600 themed neighborhood as it is called –

the body of a person wearing a military uniform and was bumped his head with two bullets.

BENGHAZI:

 

BBC STOPS THE BROADCASTING of the pro-TOBRUK CHANNEL.

“BBC ARABIA” ! (Which was ‘DEFENDING the GOOD’)

BBC stops the green broadcast channel (‘BBC Arabic’) coming from Benghazi.

“Black Libyan resistance”, comments:

Hey Hey Khotna are free (clutter your home page) Atescr claimed many of the communications group Dayrinha to blur the facts and the only solution your own hands Ehna Nicomo duty and Antoa Msalin continuation page and Menbosh Angulw Ehna Nhqoa publish news, Anu. This is our duty.

What is required of you is simple interaction serious need and challenge for the class and Zalh Temczua page before and how best to every Liberal brightest page in Iderio
(For Ike + comments + Post),

and God bless you

(* * Militant Arabism)

 

LAITHI:

Clashes in Laithi behind the pasta factory and through the river between special forces THUNDERBOLT,

and the terrorist organization # Daash

DAASH in Benghazi

 

 GARDENS / PARKS:

Cafe waterfall gardens improvised explosive device explosion, which led to the destruction of the entire cafe
The only material damage and RBI irredeemable him.

 GARYOUNES:
Clashes medium and heavy weapons inside the GarYounis University

 

 

 

______________________________________

 

SOUSSE, TOBRUK, TOKRH / PRECISE, DERNA & THE TUBER:

DERNA (DERNAGRAE):

Killed five people and wounded thirteen in the ranks of ‘Ansar al-evil’ in # Drnhgrae air strikes

that Nfdha Libyan warplanes.

TUBER:

Targeting secondary and military headquarters of the company for the ‘supporters of the mountain of evil’

in the TUBER,  by Libyan warplanes.

The closure of the road between tuber, and eye passing Psoatr, Derna

DERNA:

 

 DERNA al-Aserh rebounds:

The slaughter of three more activists in the city of Derna al-Aserh.

Found the bodies of three slain activists in Derna eastern Libya, after they were abducted earlier this month.

after publishing the writings about life in Derna city, under the control of militias of Daash terrorism across social networks.

The three young people who were slaughtered at # tuber are not journalists, one of them
(Mohammed cuneiform) read a statement photographer supporter of “dignity” before slaughter with (SE Qath); and another young man.

And # ‘Mamed al-Msmara’ came in a telephone conversation with Libyan channel, and first spoke with the media before his disappearance ‘Mabrouka cuneiform’ one day.

(* * Militant Arabism)

“Black Libyan resistance”, reports:

# Derna al-Aserh
Access al-Daash‘s  ‘Abda-kadir al-Thana’ .. famous ..
(alias, ‘Abdul-kadir Kandahar’) from Syria

yesterday and today .. in tuber income, accompanied by a group of Kharijite ‘Daash’ ..

 

(* * Militant Arabism)

 

___________________________________

 

 

SOUTH LIBYA:

Statement of People of the South:

 

 

(FEZZAN):

SABHA:

 

GARDAH:

“Black Libyan resistance”, reports:

The killing of an armed citizen Omar al-Amari, and slain dwell Gardah district collector behind

Abu Ubaida Buildings adjacent to the warranty.

I am God and to him we shall return.

(“Knight and Men”)

______________________________________

MAURITANIA:

“Black Libyan resistance”

Putin appoints as ambassador Mauritania, a friend of al-Qathafi.


Issued Russian President Vladimir Putin,
A ‘Decree’ appointing Vladimir Tchamov, former Russian ambassador to Libya,

as the new ambassador of Russia to Mauritania.

And, Tchamov is known for his advocacy of Libyan Colonel Muammar
al-Qathafi, (until he was sacked from the post of Russia’s ambassador in Tripoli, in March 2011,

during the presidency of Dmitry Medvedev) because of
Disagreement with the political leadership in the state on the Libya crisis.

The Russian Foreign Ministry has reported in 2012 that
Tchamov continued to work in the ministry, and served as adviser
In the Middle East with the North African Division.

(* * Militant Arabism)

 

______________________________________

 

 

QATAR:

 

News about the arrest of ‘Asmaeil al-Qriteley’, after getting off the transit lounge at Dubai International Airport;

and the police were Bontdharh to the presence of an ‘international arrest warrant from Interpol’.

‘Asmaeil al-Qriteley’ offers support to the armed Melcaat and terrorists in Libya.

 

Asmaeil al-Qriteley, Melcatt terrorist Supporter of Libya

 

“Black Libyan resistance”, reporting:

Mufti Zionists (Yusuf al-Qaradawi) Lefty calls out ‘wasted blood’

against the ‘QATARI RESISTANCE’: al-muqawama

# ‘Khald al-Hel’ is the Qatari leader of the opposition; especially after Khald al-Hel described the present regime in the State of Qatar, as “a dictatorial offending-regime”.

(* * Militant Arabism)

ARAB ‘SPRING’ HOAX

 

 

 

Instead of resigning to Terror, accept a World of Peace (through the Green Blanket Gift from Allah)

Mu Tribute 2

THIS IS NOT THE GREAT JAMAHIRIYA: SOMETHING DIFFERENT

Allowathagon movement in Libya-uprising!
By Gaddafi news agency on Monday يونيو 24, 2013 | 11:41

The International Agency Gaddafi News – Tripoli .

Called on the Libyan movement calling itself “Allowathagon” Libyans peacefully in the seventh of July in all areas, towns and villages to overthrow the Libyan so-called “false”, and clean .. Libya , In a statement issued by the movement two days ago and distributed to the media and received by the International News Agency Gaddafi

A copy of the declaration calls for the creation of notable:

include all Libyans from all sectors without teams or offer to buy or marginalization or exclusion of one year, which is a respectable choice captain, professional and neutral the armed forces to join everyone Bmaskarathm and everyone is a heavy weapon or means to deliver the unit to the nearest Libyan army, police and invite all to return to their positions and full powers, to fulfill their duty.

The statement called on the United Nations and the Security Council and NATO not to intervene,

IT says:

“What we’re going to do an inside job in Libya, and we are in this work not aimed at the decisions, treaties or international agreements .. Carry the hopes and aspirations of our people .. And Sntoy painful chapter in our history .. tolerance, forgiveness and amnesty includes everyone and up the date of 7/7 ..

And to preserve the freedom and unity of the nation and win Libya .. We must recover from the new generation that does not pollute…”

two years after the overthrow of the NATO support,

are still requests to change a young glamor and illusion movement in his statement that indicated,

“but turned into a nightmare after he had a dream, will not be achieved in the presence of the GENERAL NATIONAL Conference miserable and the government has failed client, and perhaps what is happening across Libya thousand times “worse” now than it ever was under the GREAT JAMAHIRIYA

in lies and fraud and looting and prisons , torture, kidnapping, terrorizing people and the last killing of protesters in Benghazi recently, where pay tens lost their lives to defend freedom of gangs organized by the government of the cemetery and look after his “fear them. “

the statement pointed out what he called the intervention of foreign embassies in Libya and the international business intelligence in Libya:

“Although there are problems with their knowledge of the Libyans do not even know the composition of the Libyan society,

stressing that this intervention led Libya to the disaster lived in the present.

The statement was signed by a number of committees, including the coordination committees Tripoli, Benghazi and Sebha and white Misurata , Tobruk and Zliten and Tarhuna tubers and Bani Walid and Ubari.

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-kj-

Allowathagon Movement

QUOTE:


“Trust Dear resistance and steadfast and honorable defenders of their religion and their homelands and inevitably their honor You victors …..

الثابتون believers and Allowathagon and inevitably You victors …. Catchers Balaourh most trustworthy ..

the hand of God, which is the largest of the tyranny of the unjust and tyranny …

And the most powerful weapons of the infidel and his aides .. Inevitably You victors .. Vadolh injustice and aggression hour …

The state has the right to do time … Steadfast …. Are firm …. And confidence in God and Bona him the victors ..

God is greatest on both overwhelmed and injustice and arrogant.”

SEE:
https://theorbo1.wordpress.com/2013/06/18/with-gods-help-we-are-victorious/

_____________

GOOGLE IS NO LONGER YOUR FRIEND!

OBAMA has hired millions of spin writers and willing people to distort history and the truth. Daily they search the web to change original articles, publications (even Adobe Word documents) into the USA’s warped thinking–most of the time without the author’s knowledge of the changes.
This is not only an infringement of International copyright laws. It is a sign of the mentality of the (WESTERN GOVERNMENT’S) TIMES…
Those articles, which are not changed, are interspersed with hate mongering or fake mal-ware warnings, so much so, to the extent that one will never be able to reach the original website or content!

This has especially been done to black-label Muammar al-Qathafi—Making him a terrorist, murderer and sex-fiend from his born day one!
Any references to Muammar al-Qathafi’s great works for humanity are twisted into a psychiatric bizarre tale of supression, lust and terror: and unbelievable (to the extreme) efforts are included to show how much people loathe him!

—-
The REALITY is quite the opposite: Muammar al-Qathafi remains in the minds and hearts of multiple millions throughout the world who are not mesmorised by illegal Clinical hypnotising techniques and other means of brain-washing—or the paid-for LIES of the Mass-medias and governments.

Worst of all, the search-engine, which once had the proud motto, “Google is your friend”!, is now a superlative first hand tool of the American CIA and other Western Intelligence agencies…
Therefore,
BEWARY of GOOGLEGoogle IS NOT your friend anymore!

BTW: Google will refuse to translate content they deem unsatisfactory to their standards. Also they will purposely mis-translate words if they see it as a threat against Western/Zionist policy. (They have live people working at these sites now. It is not just computer-automatic.)

  • for example, any reference to “Colonel” Gaddafi will have the added words “late dictator” EVEN IF THAT IS NOT IN THE ORGINAL TEXT!
    They also think, that if one reads the same phrase over and over, it eventually will be a virtual reality in the reader’s mind.
Patrick Holming writes us:
According to even the mainstream media the present Libyan government controls neither the country nor the militias. However, the government is supposedly striving to disarm the militias. It is more likely that this is not the case, but that these militias or death–squads are used against the population, against whoever dares oppose the current Libyan regime. A historic model is for example the notorious CIA Phoenix-program in Vietnam.Those who remain inside Libya today face daily terror and upheaval as the regime wages a continuous campaign of repression, of ethnic, ideological and political cleansing.According to France’s Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian, a new “terrorist hotbed” has developed in Libya.Rallies against the regime have taken place in major cities including Tripoli, Benghazi and Tobruk, with “activists denouncing the armed thugs and decrying what they describe as political maneuverings by the nation’s Muslim Brotherhood.” (New Zealand Herald, May 11, 2013)This mass movement – brutally repressed by government militia – is directed against the Islamist government installed in Tripoli in the wake of the 2011 NATO “humanitarian” bombing campaign. Without the support of militias and death squads this proxy government will not survive.

Konstantin Scheglikov writes:

Patrick Holming,  I think it is by plan. They can to eliminate Resistance or anyone who are not loyal to puppet regime. They can to keep population in fear, using these gangs. Despite lie about armed groups which are out of control of regime, these gangs try to capture or eliminate tribes which oppose to regime. Also US NATO getting new members of their Al-Qaeada in Libya. They use Libya for traffic of weapons, drugs, humans organs by cover of total chaos. They want to create same for every country of “third world”. In such conditions price of life became low, their destroy nations and states, they transforming Libyan Jamahiria to big concetration camp.

  •  Right; and see what they are now doing with the Qaqaa Batallion, and the NATO-led war against Zintan (especially the upcoming “Battle of Tripoli” announced by al-Qaeda/Muslim Brotherhood leader Darby). 

    USA said they had the drones to stop any armed convoys…but what do we see instead of arms prevented from spreading? More and more shipments of USA arms coming into Libya via Turkey and Qatar by way of MISRATA Airport and their own Mitigua airbase daily. No one is stopping this trafficing…and the prostitutiion, drugs and alcohol spread is even worse. The roadway from Derna to Brega is one big brothel with peep shows and sex bars every few kms….Even the hospitals are spreading diseases and the killing within them is rampant. There are almost more native Libyans in makeshift prisons, then there are real Libyans left within the country. From the tiny nation of Qatar, almost one million were rewarded with Libyan citizenship for fighting alongside NATO against the Great Jamahiriya. Americans and French are all over the place…The true native population is either incarcerated, maimed beyond help or suffering with great loss of family members. Education which was flourishing under the Great Jamahiriya; is now at a standstill. Good electric aand clean water are becoming scarce despite the wonder of the Great Man-made river (which was 3/5 completed when NATO decided to invade in MARCH–day of Minerva 2011).

    USA and France are certainly not “cleaning” anything..If any “some-thing is happening”, it is that OBAMA’s drones are burning away beautiful greenery, to help blacken the country. The USA is openly an ally with Muslim Brotherhood and shipping arms to terrorists …So, the West is not fooling anyone anymore….
    THANK YOU Patrick!

Fred Palme  writes:

The Al-Fatiha-Sura on black ground is the often used sign of the Salafi-terror-brigades. Lets hope this scum will get annhilated from the green forces. What a shame for Europe to support terror. It´s a backfall in barbary. The light of truth and justice will rise.

—–

MUCH OF LIBYA IS STILL WITHOUT ELECTRIC, WATER or the NET!!

عاااااااااجل وهاااااام جداانقطاع الكهرباء في شهر رمضان سوف يصل الى الذروة …علي وزير الكهرباء ان يرد علينا بالفعال وليس الاقوالصحيفة صوت ليبياعلمت صحيفة صوت ليبيا من مصادرها الخاصة ومن داخل الشركة العامة للكهرباء ان من بعد سقوط نظام القذافي لم يتم استراد قطع غيار لاجل الصيانة وانما كانت كلها صفقات بزنس وعمولة ورشاوي واستراد سيارات فارهة ومكاتب وهواتف نقالة وخاصة بعد الفضيحة الكبري التي فجرها رئيس شركة سمنس الالمانية والتي خرج وزير الكهرباء الامريكي الجنسية وكذبها وكلنا نعرف ان الالمان صادقون ورغم ووجود شباب ليبي وطني حبهم فقط لليبيا ولكن العين بصيرة واليد قصيرة وعلمت صوت ليبيا ان الكهرباء سوف تنقطع في شهر رمضان من خمسة الى ستة ساعات يوميا بعد ان تعثرت صفقة المحطات العائمة بالامس لارتفاع سعر العمولة والرشوة يذكر ان باطن الجبل اصبحت المعاناة من اليوم فانقطاع الكهرباء وصل الى سبع ساعات والجنوب الليبي الى خمس وست ساعات فيما يحاول السماسرة عدم قطعة على المدن الكبيرة الا ساعتين او ثلاث خوفا من الراي العام …ويقول احد المهندسين في الشركة لصوت ليبيا اصر على عدم ذكر اسمه ان صفقات مشبوهة تدور داخل الشركة بشكل مخيف جدا ختي اعتقدنا انهم يهود وقال ان شهر رمضان القادم سيكون اسو من العراق ومسؤلي الشركة ينتظرون بفارغ الصبر انتهاء مدة الحكومة للرجوع الى مواطنهم الاصلية مثل مافعلت الحمروش والمقريف وابوشاقور والكيب وغبيرهم وياتون من حين الى اخر يخرجو فيها على الاعلام ويضفونا باننا متخلفيين …….يبدو اننا بدنا رحلة الندم بخطوة واحدة وبمسافة الف ميلبنت الوادي

Libyan news agency (and) :: power failure بباطن mountain causing a state of confusion in the region ..
Outage caused continuous power cuts for long hours on the soles of the mountain area in a state of confusion and poor public services, hospitals, government departments and stop banking services. A reporter for the news agency Jamahiriya بباطن the mountain to hours of uninterrupted power supply exceeded 6 hours on boys student areas, Bader, Tighe, Tendmirh, Tendmirh North, Zigzao, kindness, Alagamah, or mouse, Wattayah Palace ..

عاااااااااجل very Haaaaaam

Power outages in the month of Ramadan will be up to the peak … Ali, Minister of Electricity that is we Balfal and not words

Voice newspaper Libya

I learned the newspaper Voice of Libya from its own sources and from within the General Electricity Company that after the fall of the Gaddafi regime is not Estrada spare parts for maintenance, but they were all deals BUSINESS commission and bribes and Import luxury cars and offices and mobile phones, especially after the scandal big sparked by President SIMENS German, which came out Minister of Electricity U.S. citizenship and false and we all know that the Germans are believable and despite the presence of young Libyan national love only for Libya, but the eye vision and short hand and learned voice of Libya that electricity will be cut off in the month of Ramadan, from five to six hours a day after he stumbled deal buoy yesterday to the high commission rate and bribery The soles of the mountain became the suffering of the day فانقطاع electricity arrived seven hours and southern Libya to five to six hours as he tries to brokers, not a piece on the big cities, but two or three for fear of public opinion … and says one of the engineers in the company to the voice of Libya insisted on not to mention named, said the shady deals rotates inside a company is very scary Chta we thought they are Jews, and said that the month of Ramadan will be next Aso from Iraq and the officials of the company eagerly awaiting the expiration of the government to return to their places of origin, such as مافعلت Ahamroch and Maqrif and Abuscakor and nutria and Gbearham and come from time to time Ikhrjo where the Media and Advona that we Mtkhalafaan the ……. we seem, we want remorse trip one step and a distance of a thousand miles:


The Libyan RAT government put restrictions on the exchange of scholarship for students in university education and equivalent

By Gaddafi news agency on Monday, 24 يونيو, 2013 | 22:11

The Gaddafi International News Agency – Tripoli.

anger among students in Libya after the decision issued by the importing government on the awarding of the grant to some students without the other.
Libyan government issued a temporary imported and, on Monday, Resolution No. (251) for the year 2013 which stipulates regardless scholarships for undergraduate students and senior scholars institutes by certain specifications and conditions. He explained the decision got “Gaddafi International news agency,” a copy of it that the grant will be spent per month as far as (200) dinars to be deducted half of the assessed value if housing is available for students! . He added that the grant acted throughout the study period specified by law to the beneficiaries to stop the disbursement during the summer holidays and when the student for the school year! . And committed the decision of the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research to coordinate with the Ministry of Finance regarding take all measures due to be applied and the abolition of every decision exclusion from the academic year 2012 2013 in reference to the resolutions No. (42-52) for the year 2012 issued by the previous government. It is worth mentioning that the resolutions (42 – 52) for the year 2012, the judges, regardless scholarships for students of 75 dinars during the study period and no later than nine months of the year.

Al Madar learning new subscribers stop subscribing to Internet service because of a malfunction in the system and the service hopes to return soon.
شركة المدار الجديد تعلم مشتركيها عن توقف الإشتراك في خدمة الإنترنت بسبب عطل في المنظومة و تأمل رجوع الخدمة قريبا.بنت الوادي

________________________________________________________________

Carlos Ramírez Sánchez informs us:
When watching repeated film “Lion of the Desert:Omar al Mokhtar” is evident that leader Muammar Al-Qathafi said many things in the story

that is not primarily; and, categories added by into the  script for Omar Mukhtar which were not originally  there.

We discussed one before, and here is another:
The Commander gave impetus to this Sheikh El Moudjahid that issued paper currency bearing the image of KD 10
He was given military rank and position as a symbol of honour and also gave the Mujahideen as well as military ranks and privileges for their families:
A celebration of the battles of Jihad, chose names for the Mujahideen Army brigades….
This well known and not new;
But I noticed in the film strange section resembles what was said that Commander using gas to bombard the queue method and important of all this tttalana reports that Musselini has decided to kill the leader and decides to hang Omar Mukhtar, General ghiratsiani.
Glroy to Allah.
The Savior o people all East Libya, especially as you now in the pressure and you have to aware of the facts and I am not here to speak only what you looking for clips endoscopy where tax outside interference in your country does nothing.
Qatar’s handful of mercenaries for a slower economy.
Libya Africa’s gateway to the Mediterranean countries of Europe between the world and the State of Qatar desert not only important site American bases for the necessity of strategic balance only and not the love of the Bay
You are being targeted all the States of adaafkem and making ethnic groups and tribes, there is no power and you, how come that some want to what humans want the army and police and people believe in the idea of invasions and beaters.
Think dark thought inertia in security in freedom?
Is it freedom to curses insulting the leader and reveal faults people are free to steal and rape in liberty.
No one can talk about violations in the media or label things spade why
The Commander is not present in freedom?
In companies
In oil and gas
Tourism.
A violation by the dander….
Visits to areas in Libya without the knowledge of the Government rules on confidentiality of secret prisons.
Local Government is the Central Government where the total price the price now is the blood is flowing in cold blood.
What is the solution for you?
Social Council of Eastern tribes to defend every neighborhood street and Hunt’s Qatar, criminals and all those who were behind what you are looking for.
This applies to the South and West of Libya and restore the dignity of Libya.
Personal opinion and does not reflect any party and is not attributable to any.
Your brother, Carlos

Urgent …
Certificates of travel and tourism companies ..
Out a large number of families Jamahiriya Mottaghta to Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria and Egypt to spend the holy month of Ramadan in these countries to escape the security situation and the high prices and blackouts .. Note that Asubhh all the booking of this period to the holy month of Ramadan semi .. Fully booked .. Now there is pressure on the travel and tourism companies from reservations ..
Source .. From one of the travel and tourism companies
These free Libya not Ramadan costume people do not holiday costume people do not the security and safety of not his food costume people .. These Libya my pillow her family .. Smuggle them ..:

LATEST RAT LEGISLATION:

(Aaaaaaagel) “leaks” from the National Congress for the shape of the new Libyan state: –

1 – Islamic law the source of legislation
2 – Libya a federal state (federal)
3 – Text explicitly criminalizes the division to Libya
4 – explicit provision criminalizing racism
5 – the right of citizenship in both Libya
7 – freedom of movement and acquisitions, purchase and sale between regions
8 – separation of powers between the three
9 – Senate evenly between regions .. place the corner
10 – House of Representatives of the population .. white place
11 – the distribution of national wealth evenly provinces
12 – Distribution companies and state institutions according to the benefit of the Libyan people
And under the supervision and control of committees and experts from international organizations
13 – the criminalization of any military intervened in politics
To ensure the neutrality of the military institution
14 – build an army and police doctrine of national humanitarian
15 – Benghazi, the capital of the state economic Libyan
16 – Tripoli the political capital of the Libyan state
17 – Development of the General Staff and location .. Sabha
18 – Distribution of employment and deployment and everything evenly between the sons of the regions
19 – the removal of subsidies on goods and fuel .. and raise the salaries of citizens
20 – Focus on employment which has brought skill.

(BUT STILL, no “people-power”; as, everything must go through elected and paid “representatives” who will determine your rights and future,)

________________

ZINTAN & THE GREEN NAFUSA WESTERN MOUNTAINS:

Aaaaaaaaaaaaagel Jmaaaaaaaaa Rat dirty client Brotherhood and pawn Asswehly Salah Badi now channel Misratah professes:

((I’ve hit Zintan for example in the betrayal of the revolution did not hit him arrows themselves, but was from the beginning outside the revolution and plump betrayed and stabbed the rebels in the afternoon, and was spying on Althoarlsaleh Brigades buried under Cover it with the revolution,

and after the successful revolution did not stop betrayals, but have been circulating in their blood are of smuggled good net and Bashir Saleh Abdulsalam skins and the sons of Ali Kilani and also are smuggled Madaah and Diane Halle Masrati and Hana Shibani, one of the hosted uncles buried in the middle of Zintan,

one of the supplied BANI Walid weapons to kill “revolutionaries”,
Zintan are stolen banks and even animals not spared from theft, and when no longer Matserg has sold arms to the base in Mali and the Abdul thankless configure networks brothel and sends Libyan women to work in the porn Gulf countries and Asian countries, ,
and that the sons of Mliqth are was responsible for bringing the girls to breaks Abdul Mansour and Ali Kilani, but it came up as to bring girls Zintan to those breathers with truffles,

which are notorious in Juma, this Zintan those who want to know it is not a religion nor morality her and it was time uprooted of the revolution honest, Zintan member today corrupt in the body of Libya must be eradicated without hesitation, but quickly, Zintan come later retribution them and pimps and semiconductor men out and we will do so,

Vyacbab Libya GENERAL Tripoli Specials We and our troops with you and Nlthmoua together to cleanse Tripoli Hola scum,,

Loya Amazigh mountain troops and our weapons are at your disposal to uproot this corrupt member of mountain Sharif Alachm, the, Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar,. alive on Jihad))

عااااااااااااجل جذااااااااا الجرذ القذر عميل الاخوان وبيدق السويحلي صلاح بادي الان بقناة مصراته يصرح (( لقد ضربت الزنتان مثلاً في خيانة الثورة لم يضربه الازلام انفسهم ،، بل كان من البداية خارج الثورة وترتوي بالخيانه وطعن الثوار في الظهر ،، وكانت تتجسس على الثوارلصالح كتائب المقبور تحت غطاء انها مع الثورة ،، وبعد ان نجحت الثورة لم تكف عن الخيانات بل كانت تسري في دمائهم فهي من قامت بتهريب الطيب الصافي وبشير صالح وعبدالسلام جلود وابناء علي الكيلاني وكذلك هي من قامت بتهريب المديعة وديان وهاله المصراتي وهناء الشيباني وهي من استضافت اعمام المقبور في وسط الزنتان وهي من زودت بن وليد بالسلاح لتقتل الثوار ،، الزنتان هي من سرقت المصارف وحتى الحيوانات لم تسلم من سرقتها ،، وعندما لم يعد ماتسرق قامت ببيع السلاح للقاعدة في مالي وقام عبد ناكر بتكوين شبكات دعاره ويرسل الليبيات للعمل في الدعاره بدول الخليج ودول اسيا ،، كما ان ابناء مليقطه هم من كان مسئول على جلب الفتيات لاستراحات عبد منصور وعلي الكيلاني بل وصل بهم الامر الي جلب بنات الزنتان لتلك الاستراحات مع الترفاس الذي اشتهروا في جمعه ،، هذه الزنتان لمن يريد ان يعرفها فهي لا دين ولا اخلاق لها وحان موعد اقتلاعها من الثورة الشريفه ،، الزنتان اليوم عضو فاسد في جسد ليبيا ويجب استئصاله دون تردد بل بسرعه ،، الزنتان حان موعد القصاص منها ومن القوادين واشباه الرجال بها ونحن من سوف يقوم بذلك ، ، فياشباب ليبيا عامه وطرابلس خاصه نحن وقواتنا معكم ولنلتحموا معاً لتطهير طرابلس من هولاء الحثاله ،، ويا امازيغ الجبل قواتنا واسلحتنا تحت تصرفكم لاقتلاع هذا العضو الفاسد من الجبل الشريف الاشم ،، الله اكبر الله اكبر ،. حيا على الجهاد ))

_______________

TRIPOLI:

Good Jay Aalyiban,

Aaaaaaaajl ….

Engineering department strike “maintenance” within the Tripoli Medical Center for work to be done pay overdue salaries

Multiply the engineers and maintenance technicians within the Tripoli Medical Center in protest against the non-payment of dues from the salaries late for more than two years and as a kind of pressure the engineers and technicians closure of air conditioning entirely within the center and the separation of electricity on the administration building main stop most elevators, and threatened to stop pumping water to sections of all towers in hospital to be responding to their demands and pay overdue salaries:

Source from inside the hospital

Recognition from one of the rats that NATO is their parents free of Tripoli, he said:

Essam Jehani ..

Cyrenaica Council by the Jordanian News had equipped a Senate and now talk of a national salvation government beginning of the Rouge Valley and end Omsaad

and the rest on Ali Zaidane.
A large rally in Ain Zara farms and transfer of weapons and Mlisha the volcano Almusratih the gates focus on the Agricultural Road, and witnesses from the people of the farms

in the Ain Zara say this is a good face on the region!!!!

_________________________________________
*****************************************

Misratah and its allies from market Friday and Tajora “and the base of a banana” Mitigua formerly group Belhadj
Bntzar Benghazi shields that will participate in this farce to fight Brigade (Qaqaa) … Unfortunately, my Salem Derby استخدمك El Brotherhood and Almsarit and knowledge Qaqaa supported by the western and mountain tribes easy الجفارة even Tunisian border and Orvlh of the Tuareg and even the tribes of Cyrenaica would not stand watching you take her sons to the massacre.

ABDUL BELHADJ DECLARES WAR on QaQaa Batallion, and upon BRIGADE 32 of KHAMIS.

عاااااااااجل Jaddaaaaaaaaaa :::: Abdullah Belhadj declared:

“Omar Brigade Qaqaa has become very short and will Nrye walls crumble like the walls of Bab al-Aziziya,,, 

Atkhadd decision between us and our brothers the Mujahideen and the rebels will Nhsab commander Maj. Gen. SAADI.

Per what he did against the revolution and against the rebels, 


I wanted Mliqth coupmilitary on  17 February ‘Revolution’ and the mobilization to murder of all the Brigade 32 battalions of the tyrant who killed and arrested the rebels.”

Libya Gate:

Leicester God .. Salem Derby shape me sit how Abdullah thankless (BELHADJ) and his last year, 2012 .. Ago people laugh it

News on the entrances of its work, Mr. Salem Derby in which he said I will resolve even the Misrata إيظا the militia ..

Formed Nebo Nchovo, the new series of thankless 2013.

(Nasser Al-Attiya Aujali)

________

We are free Tripoli and not Mliqth. We teamed and the foundations of the revolution and not Mliqth, must know this creature

that everyone against him from east to west and north to the south of Libya and an hour .

—-

Military Police Department to receive Chiefs of Staff today prison Omeitaiqa of the initial secrecy of private bonds of the security committee upper branch of Tripoli.

Salem Aguenida head of the General Staff in charge of the interrogation session today in front of the General National Congress:

(RAT Prime Minister Ali Zaidane procrastinating in the disbursement of the budget for the Army)

Free channel Cyrenaica

Workers the major endowments Tripoli office continue on strike for the second consecutive day in protest against the non-arrival of the Ministry’s budget yet.

Mediterranean News Agency

Any need against Cyrenaica Atalaaolha interests Demonstration!!

Dr. Mustapha Ben called Western to organize a demonstration in Tripoli in front of the UN headquarters to demand the removal of Tarek Mitri, especially after his clearly supportive of the separatists in the east and south of the country.

Assembly of transparency
My father hails step delivery Mitaiqha prison … at a time when witnesses confirming that that Hashem humans may transfer a group is not a small figure of detainees from another prison Mitaiqha for an undisclosed secret … and to keep in prison only fortunate enough to be their handover ceremony DOORSTEP. ….
Or rather رضخوا the delivery of the delivery Suri after pressure from the government and public opinion, and now from the international community
Their shape Mico, but the international community to form a strong Asath.

Plays Fberar

Hashim gang humans and hand over the prison hater Mitiga military police and say that there are only 37 prisoners!!! It is clear that the rest of the prisoners were transferred to another prison:

Out youth phenomenon “naked” without clothes spread in Libya



Libya February …





noted that Muammar al-Qathafi warned at the beginning of the crisis that those who are attacking police stations, young people are taking pills hallucination

but then everyone scoffed at this talk did not يصدقوه.

Libya February …

Spokesman for the management of the fight against crime, Mr. Abdul Hakim Albulazi confirms receipt of information from a screening of the Department of the fight against crime on the phenomenon of strange and dangerous represented by a group of young people numbering 7 people out into the streets without clothes (naked) behind the market Pisces result of eating beans narcotic new entered the country be investigated since the period will be adjusted people and interrogated to know the secrets and the source of this type of grain.

Crime Commission

________________

DERNA & THE TUBER:

Derna residents decide to engage in civil disobedience because of the lack of response from the National Conference and the interim government to their demands to achieve security in the city, which amounted to Number المغدورين (48) who most recently was judge Ahouidi.

________________

BENGHAZI:

The day Monday, 24/06/2013 am

Lightning Battalion for the protection of the Ministry of Defence, has sent-out armored transport mechanisms of the State Shields, for the second consecutive time, to go up against special forces Thunderbolt in Benghazi via Mitiqua Airport Base.


وردَ الآن …

قامت اليوم الاثنين 2013/6/24 صباحا كتيبة الصواعق للحمايه التابعه لوزارة الدفاع بنقل اليات مصفحه للمره الثانيه على التوالى للقوات الخاصه الصاعقه ببنغازى عن طريق مطار امعيتيقه الجوى ..

بنت الوادي

Important Announcement
———————————-
There will be a day Monday, God willing, the statement is very important for parents blood in massacre Alkwyfah the shield in front of the headquarters of the dissolved in Alkwyfah. For people of Benghazi attendance to the headquarters of the dissolved shield to attend this important statement and all the journalists take note of this event where they can take more details about the program and the timing of any one of the parents of blood.

New shake Benghazi bombing leads to burn at least 5 cars

By Gaddafi news agency on Monday, 24 يونيو, 2013 | 03:12

The Gaddafi International News Agency – Benghazi.

New bombing hand stricken Benghazi.

shortly before the explosion rocked the neighborhood of peace in Benghazi and resulted in the burning of approximately 5 cars without human damage, and this explosion occurred near a car showroom.

Fire engines come to the place of the bombing and you باطفائه before that ignites the rest of the cars:
Elly explosion we heard a little while ago was in the exhibition of cars before the island in al-Salam neighborhood of the explosion because of the numerous cars in the street:

  

________________

TOBRUK:

SALEM DERBY RE-ARRANGES HIS (al-Qaeda/ mercenaries against Qaqaa in Tripoli) PLANS to assemble in TOBRUK & AJDABIYA:

Advice for Salem Derby takes through Tobruk Ajdabiya!!

Colonel Mohammad Hejazi, a spokesman for the joint security room in Benghazi declares:

((Security room will not allow any armed gathering inside the city .. and for the move is expected on Wednesday, all the movements of overseeing the this earmarked assembly and members of the national army سيتصدون anyone who tries to destabilize the security Benghazi even Aztrrna to the use of force to impose control!!)

Khaled Boznin,
On port Amsaad Egypt pass a new wave of revolution and rebellion calling on the government to hold early presidential elections and overthrow the rule of the Muslim Brotherhood .. And call me brother Muhammad Yunus Bashir member of the National Conference for Tobruk, which in turn Zidane told the seriousness of the situation and for them to take the necessary regarding this matter because the port will be subject to greater violation .. Ali Zaidan’s reply was we will study the subject ..

I do not know if this thing needs or study needs to take the necessary and quickly because of what might happen in Egypt will be its impact on Libya .. When Egypt’s Revolution has on 25-1-2011 been to Libya and then State Um list today there is no impact to the presence of any other entity of this state and there are no parameters indicate the presence of a body representing the Libyan state in port between Egypt and Libya .. What is the solution in your opinion, to adjust the port and take emergency measures as long as the government is still considering the study of the subject?

_______________

BREGA & RANS LANAUF:

Numan al-Atrash …

Chief of Staff-designate says that there are members in the conference call with some army officers and it hurts to build the Libyan army, and some believe that the Chief of Staff refers to Brega meeting, which was attended by the leaders of the army without permission from the Ministry of Defense and the General Staff! And the presence of members of Congress, notably Tawfiq الشهيبي head of the Alliance bloc Mr. Sayeh F candidate of the presidency.

______________

SIRTE:

Libya Gate:


In the process of heroic quality Today has been the bombing of the tomb of Sidi Abdallah blue valuable Abu Najim area near the city of Sirte.

Did you know he was blown more than 500 grave during the two years of the liberation .. To accomplish this, but much accomplished .. Oh learners Yamtoa the schools

____________

THORGAE of   TAWERGHA:

Cyrenaica NEWS:

Said taste
Tawergha residents .. between truth and deceit!!

Prime Minister stated that it is not right to return the people of Tawergha for their city .. And must remain where they are … because Libya for all.!!.
If Mr. Prime Minister honest that Libya of all there is proposal subtracted from the people of Tawergha and others .. is that there are cities and areas you want to get close to the coast and want to buy farms and the people Taorga or replaced with equivalent such as Bani Walid and Sabha and Murzuq and Ghadames, etc. .. . does Mr. Zidane has his decision to apply sayings (Libya) and this proposal is implemented .. without objection from anyone ..?! Or is it the words night rather than يمحوه day .. and a class of ill-fraud and justify the lack of ability and disability?!

Quoting / / Salem Altaorga the Salem Altawrge

Been deceived and laugh at the people that East and West notables asking Tawergha delay and the fact that the so-called Council and objects sold Tawergha cheaply Heca the Tawergha lost in time of war the same way and helped the good Sdajt and ignorance of our people ..
But the praise and thanks to God today in camps Benghazi approve the return of folks do not ask for help except from God Having Osdro statement confirmed the return and that this does not represent the Council Tawergha after day …. God and yes agent in each droopy each and every beneficiary of the home sold.

Tawergha back tomorrow

Displaced Tawergha b Benghazi holding torque at eight o’clock in the morning
Tomorrow, smiters fatwa Samaha Libyan mufti, and statements
Prime Minister “Ali Zaidane,” the wall, and to assert that
Local Tawergha no longer represent them! Echo of voices from the camp for displaced people,
And prove him arrested, charge, and the decision to return without irreversible!
According to a source inside the camp, long patience and carried home to wait.

Salem al-Obeidi

_________________

SOUTH LIBYA: 

SABHA:

Free newspaper Sabha …

News of the existence of sharp differences within the conference between the city of Sabha members

and people of the protesters in front of the Conference on Municipalities and division, after the members of the conference made ​​no objection to the division.

Sabha today …

The youth of the city of Sabha sit in front of the headquarters of the RAT National Conference
The sit-in lasted for two days
There are reports that the protest had finished the day after the interview young people to the RAT Prime Minister
It demands the dismantling of all militias sit tribal annexation of its members of the army and police
It is also claimed to make the city of Sabha municipalities instead of one municipality
As he has interviewed some members of the General National Congress for the city of Sabha during the sit-

A statement by the General National Congress for the city of Sabha – Mohammed Arish to the scene a little while ago about the Libyan government hearing today:

– Answers to the prime minister and some ministers have never convince us.
– Today’s meeting was very frank and transparent discussions occurred and revealed many shortcomings.
– There are many things spoken today Tfajaina the them .. There is a great contradiction between the government’s statements and the reality ..
– Chief of Staff-designate complained of the lack of government response to the requirements of the General Staff.
– After today’s meeting of the Conference proved clear to the government deficit and this may force us to make substantial changes in the prime minister .. The confidence to pull the blade of them as a last resort.

Citizen Tragn – South

This is the last quarter of a dinar I have my government and there is no liquidity in the banks of the region because of frequent attacks by .. !!!

_____________

___________________

Turkish news agency Anatolia ::

decline in Libyan production of oil to 1.3 million barrels per day ..

Stressed the Information Office of the Ministry of Oil Libya on Monday continued production ceased in three major oil fields are the elephant, Abu child, sand and these three fields located south of the country.
The office added in a statement obtained by Anatolia, a copy of the production of the three fields stalled work of crude oil ranges between 150 and 200 thousand barrels per day, which made the production of Libya Oil falls from 1.5 million barrels to 1.3 million barrels per day.
Insiders said the Libyan oil sector that causes cessation of production of the three fields due to their employees for strike action to demand the government to settle their financial situation and raise wages ..

EGYPT:

Egypt plans to import 900 thousand barrels of oil per month from Libya

And – The chairman of the Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation said on Monday that Egypt will soon begin importing 900 thousand barrels of oil per month from Libya.
Quoted by Reuters news agency as Tariq البرقطاوي saying in a statement to reporters that it had been agreed with the Libyan side, two days before the start soon in the implementation of the agreement to import oil.
It was scheduled to begin in Egypt last April in front of Libyan oil imports, but did not reach any supplies yet according to Reuters.
Egypt suffers from a severe crisis in the supply of energy with the government forced to reduce its plans to import oil because of foreign exchange reserves fell to critical levels.
The government plans to start a program to rationalize the support of automotive fuel system using smart cards.

EGYPTIAN TAXI:

Egyptian TV:

Number 30 terrorist Libby on the way to Egypt and Interpol red publishes a list of the names of 6 Libyans describe them as terrorists and dangerous, including:

1 – Salem Derby
2 – Abdul Rauf hater and referred to him as a member of “al-Qaeda”
3 – Mohammed Zahawi
4 – Sam Bin Humaid
5 – Sufian Qmo
6 – Ismail hardness of

Inter Paul issued arrest of red cards in both:

1 – Ismail hardness of
2 – Sam Bin Humaid
3 – hater
4 – Salem Derby
5 – Zahawi
6 – Sofiene Ben Qomu,
For carrying out terrorist operations and links to al-Qaeda

The emergence of symptoms of psychological damage on 4 thousands of Libyan children
23/06/2013
According to the magazine “The Economist” that the British Arab Spring has affected negatively on the mental health of children in the countries that have seen a change, especially Libya, Egypt, Tunisia, spotted in comments broadcast on its website on Friday evening, the appearance of symptoms of psychological damage on about 4 thousands of Libyan children who displaced, during the events of ((the war that devastated the country)) two years ago, according to a report prepared by the organization “save the Children” charity, these children suffer diseases such as bedwetting, aggressive and stuttering to speak, as noted some parents that their children point victory sign with their fingers during sleep.

THE CIA did the EXACT SAME THING  with Libya: They transported from Afghanastan into Libya, thousands and thousands of terrorists:

Post image for Al-Qaeda and Taliban Militants Fighting in Syria Come from Afghanistan-Pakistan

Al-Qaeda and Taliban Militants Fighting in Syria Come from Afghanistan-Pakistan

23 JUNE 2013

Editor’s Note: CIA,MI6,MIT, DGSE, Mossad and any other alphabet intelligence agency are transporting foreign fighters to regional borders of Syria because every war is fought on the basis of political ideal that expands into a war of fanaticism, a political religion. This conflict will not end well. It will lead to turf wars between CIA,MI6,MIT, DGSE, Mossad, Al-Qaeda, rebels, militants on sectarian/religion/ideals.   Turkish Intelligence transporting al-Qaeda from Pakistan to fight in SyriaCIA trains covert units of Afghans to continue the fight against TalibanAfghanistan Airstrikes, C.I.A. and the Secret Militia 0-4 Unit and Briton led US-backed private paramilitary army to hunt Taliban

Source: ABNA

“Afghans affiliated to the al-Qaeda constitute over 65% of the Jihadi Salafi groups in (the Syrian province of) Deir Ezzor and they have come to Syria from Iraq,” the military source told FNA on the condition of anonymity.

“The Syrian army’s intelligence displays that these Jihadi Salafis have been trained by the terrorist al-Qaeda organization and have infiltrated into Syria through Iraq after passing some necessary training courses,” the source added.

Reports had also earlier revealed that Turkey’s national air carrier, Turkish Air, has been transiting Al-Qaeda and Taliban militants from North Waziristan in Pakistan to the Turkish borders with Syria.

“The Turkish intelligence agency sent 93 Al-Qaeda and Taliban terrorists from Waziristan to Hatay province near the border with Syria on a Turkish Air Airbus flight No. 709 on September 10, 2012 and via the Karachi-Istanbul flight route,” the source told FNA in September, adding that the flight had a short stop in Istanbul.

The 93 terrorists transited to the Turkish border with Syria included Al-Qaeda militants from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Yemen, Pakistan, Afghanistan and a group of Arabs residing in Waziristan, he added.

FNA dispatches from Pakistan said new al-Qaeda members were trained in North Waziristan until a few days ago and then sent to Syria, but now they are transferring their command center to the borders between Turkey and Syria as a first step to be followed by a last move directly into the restive parts of Syria on the other side of the border.

The al-Qaeda, backed by Turkey, the US and its regional Arab allies, had set up a new camp in Northern Waziristan in Pakistan to train Salafi and Jihadi terrorists and dispatched them to Syria via Turkish borders.

“A new Al-Qaeda has been created in the region through the financial and logistical backup of Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and a number of western states, specially the US,” a source told FNA in September.

Ali Mahdian told FNA that the US and the British governments have been playing with the al-Qaeda through their Arab proxy regimes in the region in a bid to materialize their goals, specially in Syria.

He said the Saudi and Qatari regimes serve as interlocutors to facilitate the CIA and MI6 plans in Syria through instigating terrorist operations by Salafi and Arab Jihadi groups, adding that the terrorists do not know that they actually exercise the US plans.

“Turkey has also been misusing extremist Salafis and Al-Qaeda terrorists to intensify the crisis in Syria and it has recently augmented its efforts in this regard by helping the new Al-Qaeda branch set up a camp in Northern Waziristan in Pakistan to train Al-Qaeda and Taliban members as well as Turkish Salafis and Arab Jihadis who are later sent to Syria for terrorist operations,” said the source.

He said the camp in Waziristan is not just a training center, but a command center for terrorist operations against Syria.

Yet, the source said the US and Britain are looking at the new Al-Qaeda force as an instrument to attain their goals and do not intend to support them to ascend to power, “because if Salafi elements in Syria ascend to power, they will create many problems for the US, the Western states and Turkey in future”.

“Thus, the US, Britain and Turkey are looking at the Al-Qaeda as a tactical instrument,” he said, and warned of the regional and global repercussions of the US and Turkish aid to the Al-Qaeda and Salafi groups.

“Unfortunately, these group of countries have just focused on the short-term benefits that the Salafis and the Al-Qaeda can provide for them and ignore the perils of this support in the long run,” he said.

“At present, the western countries, specially Britain which hosts and controls the Jihadi Salafi groups throughout the world are paving the ground for these extremists to leave their homes – mostly in Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the Untied Arab Emirates (UAE) as well as those who live in Europe and the US – for Waziristan,” the source added.

Syria has been experiencing unrest since March 2011 with organized attacks by well-armed gangs against Syrian police forces and border guards being reported across the country.

In October 2011, calm was eventually restored in the Arab state after President Assad started a reform initiative in the country, but Israel, the US and its Arab allies are seeking hard to bring the country into chaos through any possible means. Tel Aviv, Washington and some Arab capitals have been staging various plots in the hope of stirring unrests in Syria once again.

The US and its western and regional allies have long sought to topple Bashar al-Assad and his ruling system. Media reports said that the Syrian rebels and terrorist groups have received significantly more and better weapons in recent weeks, a crime paid for by the Persian Gulf Arab states and coordinated by the United States.

The US daily, Washington Post, reported in May 2012 that the Syrian rebels and terrorist groups battling the President Bashar al-Assad’s government have received significantly more and better weapons in recent weeks, a crime paid for by the Persian Gulf Arab states and coordinated by the United States.

The newspaper, quoting opposition activists and US and foreign officials, reported that Obama administration officials emphasized the administration has expanded contacts with opposition military forces to provide the Persian Gulf nations with assessments of rebel credibility and command-and-control infrastructure.

Opposition activists who several months ago said the rebels were running out of ammunition said in May 2012 that the flow of weapons – most bought on the black market in neighboring countries or from elements of the Syrian military in the past – has significantly increased after a decision by Saudi Arabia, Qatar and other Persian Gulf states to provide millions of dollars in funding each month.

Obama’s Nuclear Arms Reduction Hoax

Global Research, 21 June 2013

Jack Kennedy was America’s last peace president. He underwent a spiritual transformation. He changed from cold warrior to peacemaker.

He wanted nuclear weapons abolished. He urged “general and complete disarmament.” He wanted force-fed Pax Americana ended.

He assumed great risk. Nearly all his top advisers disapproved. Pentagon commanders opposed him. So did most congressional members. CIA officials weren’t pleased.

Kennedy was vulnerable. He knew it. He accepted the risk. It cost him his life. He was assassinated weeks after signing the US/Soviet Russia Limited Test Ban Treaty and National Security Action Memorandum Number 263.

It called for removing 1,000 US troops from Vietnam by yearend. It mandated all American forces out by December 1965.

Obama’s no Jack Kennedy. On April 5, 2009, he spoke in Prague’s Hradcany Square. He did so duplicitously. He lied saying “clearly and with conviction America’s commitment to seek the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons.”

He pledged “concrete steps” never taken. They included:

  • reducing nuclear stockpiles enough to matter;
  • banning testing;
  • halting fissile material production;
  • preventing nuclear proliferation and use;
  • pursuing diplomacy with Iran and North Korea; and
  • resolving key security challenges to create conditions for a world without nuclear weapons.

America’s current arsenal includes state-of-the-art nuclear, chemical, biological, and other type weapons of mass destruction.

They’re more advanced, powerful and dangerous than ever. They’re deployed globally. They menaces humanity. America’s preemptive first-strike nuclear posture remains unchanged.

On June 19, Obama urged Russia to join America in reducing strategic nuclear arsenals by one-third.

A White House press release said:

“Today, the President announced new guidance that aligns US nuclear policies to the 21st century security environment.”

“This is the latest in a series of concrete steps the President has made to advance his Prague agenda and the long-term goal of achieving the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons.”

Obama’s so-called “new guidance” includes:

  • maintaining “a credible deterrent;”
  • aligning America’s military deterrent according to 2010 Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) provisions; more on them below;
  • strengthening non-nuclear capabilities;
  • “reduc(ing) the role of launch under attack (while) retain(ing) a launch under attack capability;”
  • achieving “more effective management of the nuclear weapons stockpile;” and
  • “maintain(ing) a safe, secure and effective arsenal that guarantees the defense of the US and our allies and partners.”

America “seek(s) negotiated cuts with Russia so that we can continue to move beyond Cold War nuclear postures.”

On December 26, 1991, the Soviet Union dissolved. So-called Cold War friction ostensibly ended. Conditions today are the most perilous in world history.

America bears full responsibility. Wars without end rage. Obama has others in mind. He pursues them recklessly. Humanity’s survival is at stake.

Obama’s no peacemaker. He prioritizes war. He spends more on militarism than the rest of the world combined. He’s developing more powerful weapons of mass destruction.

He’s deploying them globally. He maintains a growing empire of bases. Hundreds are in over 150 countries. They encroach close to Russian and Chinese borders. They do so belligerently. They threaten world peace.

Obama’s nuclear reduction proposal lacks credibility. It does so for good reason. He broke every major promise made. He’s a serial liar. He can’t be trusted.

He’s a war criminal multiple times over. His nuclear policy prioritizes first-strike preemption. It does so against manufactured enemies.

His 2010 Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) reflects old wine in new bottles. Rhetoric changed, not policy. NPR 2010 said America “reserves the right” to use nuclear weapons.

Doing so “may be warranted by the evolution and proliferation of the biological weapons threat and US capacities to counter that threat.”

No threat whatever exists. More advanced weapons replace older ones. US nuclear policy menaces humanity. It prioritizes greater deterrent capability.

It unilaterally asserts the right to strike preemptively. It does without cause, justification or consequences.

Obama’s NPR reflects war-making, not prevention. It replicates Bush’s 2005 Doctrine for Joint Nuclear Operations. It removes the distinction between defensive and offensive deterrents.

It prioritizes upgrading America’s destructive triad. It includes sea-based strategic bombers, land-based missiles, and ballistic missile submarines.

It maintains robust research, development, and industrial infrastructure. It continues to develop, build, and deploy unchallengeable offensive and defensive systems.

It exceeds deterrent. It calls for nuclear and non-nuclear preemption. It does so against unnamed adversaries.

It prioritizes permanent wars on humanity. At issue is resource control and unchallenged global dominance.

It calls for eliminating all independent governments. It wants no rivals. It wants pro-Western puppet regimes subservient to US interests.

On April 8, 2010, America and Russia signed New Start (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty). On February 11, 2011, it became effective.

It’s more smoke screen than substance. Nuclear reduction is illusory. Proliferation continues.

Disarmament isn’t envisioned. America’s arms race continues. Unconscionable amounts are spent. Popular needs go begging. War-making priorities come first.

New Start leaves America unconstrained. It’s global strike capability is uncompromised. Developing upgraded humanity-destroying weapons continues.

Annual budgets include growing amounts to do so. Obama’s brave nuke world is unsafe to live in. He’s got lots more war-making in mind.

He prioritizes state-of-the-art capability to do so. It includes more destructive than ever nuclear weapons.

He asserts the right to use them preemptively. He does so unilaterally. He targets enemies created out of whole cloth.

NPR 2010 changed rhetoric. Policy remains unchanged. NPT’s three pillars are disregarded. They include non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use.

Reinstituting the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty isn’t envisioned. It was in force for 30 years. In 2002, Bush administration rogues unilaterally withdrew. America remains unconstrained to wage war.

The Pentagon’s 2006 Global Strike Command remains policy. It’s for war-making, not prevention. It’s for offense, not defense. It prioritizes first-strike capability.

So does the 2009 Prompt Global Strike initiative. It’s to attack anywhere in the world. It’s to do so on short notice. It’s to use conventional, nuclear and other weapons.

NPR 2010 states America “reserves the right” to use nuclear weapons “that may be warranted by the evolution and proliferation of the biological weapons threat and US capacities to counter that threat.”

It keeps nuclear missiles ready to launch in minutes. It asserts the unilateral preemptive right to do so.

It’s aggressive. It’s lawless. It threatens world peace. It assures permanent wars. It threatens humanity.

Bush’s December 2002 National Security Presidential Directive (NSPD) 17 (“Weapons of Mass Destruction)” remains unchanged. It states:

“The United States will continue to make clear that it reserves the right to respond with overwhelming force – including through resort to all of our options – to the use (or threatened use) of WMD(s) against the United States, our forces abroad, and friends and allies.”

Launching nuclear war is a presidential prerogative. Theater nuclear operations are at the discretion of commanders. They can use tactical mini-nukes preemptively. They can do so based on falsified threats.

Obama can invent them to wage nuclear war. He can do so globally. He can do it preemptively. Perhaps he’ll take full advantage. No greater threat exists.

On June 19, Ria Novosti headlined “Russia Skeptical Over Obama’s New Nuclear Reduction Proposal.”

Moscow officials distrust him for good reason. They do so “in light of US global missile defense plans and attempts by other counties to boost their nuclear arsenals.”

Obama’s proposed “bold reductions in US and Russian tactical weapons in Europe” don’t wash. According to senior Putin foreign policy advisor Yury Ushakov:

“The situation now is not like in the 1960s and 1970s, when only the United States and the Soviet Union held talks on reducing nuclear arms.”

“Now we need to look more broadly and expand the circle of participants in possible contacts on this matter.”

Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin added:

“How can we take seriously this idea about cuts in strategic nuclear potential while the United States is developing its capabilities to intercept Russia’s nuclear potential.”

Arms issues involves offensive and defensive ones, he stressed.

“To show the lack of understanding of this (by proposing further nuclear cuts) – means either openly lying, bluffing and deceiving, or demonstrating a deep lack of professionalism.”

Putin addressed Obama’s proposal, saying:

“We cannot afford to disrupt the balance of the system of strategic deterrence, to reduce effectiveness of its nuclear forces. Therefore, the development of the system of space defense will remain a key direction for the military industry.”

Putin and other Russian officials express great concern about America surrounding Russia with so-called missile defense systems meant for offense.

“These weapons are approaching the level of strategic nuclear arms in terms of their strike capability,” said Putin. “States possessing such weapons strongly increase their offensive potential.”

Putin, Rogozin, Ushakov, and other officials know Obama can’t be trusted. He’s a serial liar. His pledges aren’t worth the rhetoric explaining them. They’re not worth the paper they’re written on. They’re promises made to be broken.

Independent Russian military experts believe Obama’s proposal “could potentially destroy the existing nuclear parity and ultimately hurt Russia’s national security interests.”

Obama prioritizes it. Russia and China alone challenge America’s dominance. Washington wants both rivals neutralized.

Expect neither to bow to America’s will. They represent humanity’s best chance. United perhaps they’ll thwart America’s imperium. Hopefully they’ll take full advantage and succeed.

————-

Obama-Wars3

JUN212013

The Lies of Empire: Don’t Believe a Word They Say – Washington is the Godfather of

International Jihadism

By Glen Ford

The U.S. reprises Iraq, inventing a WMD threat from Syria. The FBI concocts home-grown terror through stings, while the NSA claims it has secretly saved many lives. “Why this steady stream of government-invented terror, if the real thing is so abundant?” And, isn’t the U.S. arming and funding the same jihadists they are supposed to be listening for on our telephones?

The rulers would have you believe that the world is becoming more complex and dangerous all the time, compelling the United States to abandon previous (and largely fictional) norms of domestic and international legality in order to preserve civilization. In truth, what they are desperately seeking to maintain is the global dominance of U.S. and European finance capital and the racist world order from which it sprang.

The contradictions of centuries have ripened, overwhelming the capacity of the “West” to contain the new forces abroad in the world. Therefore, there must be endless, unconstrained war – endless, in the sense that it is a last ditch battle to fend off the end of imperialism, and unconstrained, in that the imperialists recognize no legal or moral boundaries to their use of military force, their only remaining advantage.

To mask these simple truths, the U.S. and its corporate propaganda services invent counter-realities, scenarios of impending doomsdays filled with super-villains and more armies of darkness than J.R.R. Tolkien could ever imagine. Indeed, nothing is left to the imagination, lest the people’s minds wander into the realm of truth or stumble upon a realization of their own self-interest, which is quite different than the destinies of Wall Street or the Project for a New American Century (updated, Obama “humanitarian” version). It is a war of caricatures.

Saddam “must go” – and so he went, along with a million other Iraqis. Gaddafi “must go” – and he soon departed (“We came, we saw, he died,” quipped Hillary), along with tens of thousands of Black Libyans marked for extermination. “Assad must go” – but he hasn’t left yet, requiring the U.S. and its allies to increase the arms flow to jihadist armies whose mottos translate roughly as “the western infidels must also go…next.” Afghanistan’s Soviet-aligned government was the first on the U.S. “must go” list to be toppled by the jihadist international network created as a joint venture of the Americans, Saudis and Pakistanis, in the early Eighties – a network whose very existence now requires that Constitutional law “must go” in the American homeland.

Naturally, in order to facilitate all these exits of governments of sovereign states, international law, as we have known it “must go.” In its place is substituted the doctrine of “humanitarian” military intervention or “Responsibility to Protect” (R2P), a rehash of the “White Man’s Burden” designed to nullify smaller powers’ rights to national sovereignty at the whim of the superpower.

The entire continent of Africa has fallen under the R2P umbrella (without ever having fully emerged from the colonial sphere – but, that’s the whole point, isn’t it?). Somalia achieved a brief period of peace, in 2006, under a broadly based Islamic Courts regime that had defeated an array of warlords backed by the U.S. Washington struck back late that year through its client state, Ethiopia. The Americans invoked both the Islamist enemy and “Responsibility to Protect” to justify an invasion that plunged Somalia into what UN observers called “the worst humanitarian crisis in Africa – worse than Darfur.” Eventually, the U.S. enlisted the African Union, itself, as the nominal authority in a CIA-led Somalia mission that has militarized the whole Horn of Africa.

U.S. proxies set off inter-communal bloodletting in Rwanda in 1994, a conflagration that served as pretext for Rwandan and Ugandan invasion of the mineral-rich Democratic Republic of Congo and the loss of six million lives – all under the protection, funding and guidance of a succession of U.S. administrations in mock atonement for the much smaller “genocide” in Rwanda. President Obama sent Special Forces on permanent duty to the region in search of another caricature, Joseph Kony, whose only central casting defect is his rabid Christianity but whose convenient presence in the bush justifies stationing Green Berets in Congo, Uganda, the Central African Republic and South Sudan.

Muammar Gaddafi’s exorcism in Libya energized jihadists all across the northern tier of Africa, as far as northern Nigeria, giving a green light to a French colonial renaissance and further expansion of AFRICOM, the U.S. Africa Command. Only five years after its official inception, AFRICOM reigns supreme on the continent, with ties to the militaries of all but two African countries: the nemesis states Eritrea and Zimbabwe. (They “must go,” eventually.)

New age Euro-American law holds sway over Africa in the form of the International Criminal Court. The Court’s dockets are reserved for Africans, whose supposed civilizational deficits monopolize the global judiciary’s resources. This, too, is R2P, in robes.

Back in Syria, the reluctant domino, blood samples taken from alleged victims of chemical weapons are sent to the Americans by jihadists in their employ to prove that Assad really, really, must go. Obama announces that he is going to do what he has actually been doing for a very long time: send weapons to the “rebels.” The Washington Post, forgetting its duty to follow the administration’s scripted timelines, reports that the decision to go public about arms transfers to jihadists was made two weeks before the “proof” arrived.

The lies become jumbled and are quickly superseded by new fictions to justify no-fly, but the targeted caricatures remain front and center, to be hooted and hollered over, once dead. It is only the lies that make these situations seem complex: the lies that cover up multiple U.S. genocides in Africa, to paint a canvas of humanitarian concern, when the simple truth is that the Americans and Europeans have established military dominion over the continent for their own greedy purposes. The lies that have attempted to camouflage a succession of brazen aggressions against unoffending secular Arab governments in order to remove any obstacles to U.S. domination of North Africa and the Near East. And, the lie that has become central to the U.S. global offensive since 9/11: that the U.S. is engaged in a global war against armed jihadists. In fact, the jihadists are American-contracted foot soldiers in an Arab world in which the U.S. is hated by the people at-large. Washington was the Godfather of international jihadism, its sugar daddy since at least the early Eighties in Afghanistan – and now, once again quite openly so in Syria as in Libya, at least for the time being.

The simple truth is, the U.S. is at war for continued hegemony over the planet, for the preservation of the imperial system and its finance capitalist rulers. In such a war, everyone, everywhere is a potential enemy, including the home population.

That’s why Bradley Manning and Julian Assange and, now, Edward Snowden are considered so dangerous; because they undermine popular consent for the government’s lies-based policies. The administration has sent its operatives to Capital Hill and all the corporate pseudo-journalistic outlets to explain how its mega-data mining of phones and the Internet has prevented “potential terrorist events over 50 times since 9/11,” including at least 10 “homeland-based threats,” as mouthed by National Security Agency chief Gen. Keith Alexander. The details are, of course, secret.

However, what we do know about U.S. domestic “terror” spying is enough to dismiss the whole premise for the NSA’s vast algorithmic enterprises. The actual “terrorist” threat on U.S. soil is clearly relatively slight. Otherwise, why would the FBI have to manufacture homegrown jihadists by staging elaborate stings of homeless Black men in Miami who couldn’t put together bus fare to Chicago, much less bomb the Sears tower? Why must they entice and entrap marginal people with no capacity for clandestine warfare, and no previous inclination, into schemes to bomb synagogues and shoot down military aircraft, as in Newburgh, New York? Why this steady stream of government-invented terror, if the real thing is so abundant? If the FBI, with NSA assistance, is discovering significant numbers of real terrorists, wouldn’t we be watching a corresponding number of triumphal perp-walks? Of course we would. The only logical conclusion is that terror is a near-negligible domestic threat, wholly unsuited to the NSA’s full-spectrum spying on virtually every American.

So, what are they looking for? Patterns. Patterns of thought and behavior thatalgorithmically reveal the existence of cohorts of people that might, as a group, or a living network, create problems for the State in the future. People who do not necessarily know each other, but whose patterns of life make them potentially problematic to the rulers, possibly in some future crisis, or some future manufactured crisis. A propensity to dissent, for example. The size of these suspect cohorts, these pattern-based groups, can be as large or small as the defining criteria inputted by the programmer. So, what kind of Americans would the programmers be interested in?

Ask Edward Snowden. He’s the only one talking.

__________

A line in the sand that caused the Middle East crisis –


464 pages
Editeur : Simon & Schuster (26 avril 2012)

‘One of the unexpected responses to reading this masterful study is amazement at the efforts the British and French each put into undermining the other’ (The Spectator )

In 1916 two men secretly agreed to divide the Middle East between them.
Sir Mark Sykes was a visionary politician; François Georges-Picot a diplomat with a grudge. They drew a line
in the sand from the Mediterranean to the Persian frontier, and together remade the map of the Middle
East, with Britain’s ‘mandates’ of Palestine, Transjordan and Iraq, and France’s in Lebanon and Syria. Over the next
thirty years a sordid tale of violence and clandestine political manoeuvring unfolded,
told here through a stellar cast of politicians, diplomats, spies and soldiers, including T. E. Lawrence, Winston
Churchill and Charles de Gaulle.
Using newly declassified papers from the British and French archives, James Barr vividly depicts the covert,
deadly war of intrigue and espionage between Britain and France to rule the Middle East, and reveals for the
first time the shocking way in which the French finally got their revenge.

‘The very grubby coalface of foreign policy … I found the entire book most horribly addictive’ Independent
‘He has scoured the diplomatic archives and has come up with a rich haul that brings his narrative to life’ (Financial Times)
In 1916, in the middle of the First World War, two men secretly agreed to divide the Middle East between them. Sir Mark Sykes was a visionary politician; François Georges-Picot a diplomat with a grudge. The deal they struck, which was designed to relieve tensions that threatened to engulf the Entente Cordiale, drew a line in the sand from the Mediterranean to the Persian frontier. Territory north of that stark line would go to France; land south of it, to Britain. Against the odds their pact survived the war to form the basis for the post-war division of the region into five new countries Britain and France would rule. The creation of Britain’s ‘mandates’ of Palestine, Transjordan and Iraq, and France’s in Lebanon and Syria, made the two powers uneasy neighbours for the following thirty years.
Through a stellar cast of politicians, diplomats, spies and soldiers, including T. E. Lawrence, Winston Churchill and Charles de Gaulle, A Line in the Sand vividly tells the story of the short but crucial era when Britain and France ruled the Middle East. It explains exactly how the old antagonism between these two powers inflamed the more familiar modern rivalry between the Arabs and the Jews, and ultimately led to war between the British and the French in 1941 and between the Arabs and the Jews in 1948.
In 1946, after many years of intrigue and espionage, Britain finally succeeded in ousting France from Lebanon and Syria, and hoped that, having done so, it would be able to cling on to Palestine. Using newly declassified papers from the British and French archives, James Barr brings this overlooked clandestine struggle back to life, and reveals, for the first time, the stunning way in which the French finally got their revenge.

—–

Mamany to visit French Defence Minister Gerard to Ongah to Libya in March 2012 and goes into photography with الجويلي and two Libyan pilots and behind the French Mirage aircraft … French press commented on the visit that he went to take profits war … Do you wake up the Libyans that the events of Libya is the interests of the game and what they were human rights and the protection of civilians, but an excuse to six shirt Osman to destroy the nation … When aware of the following February they are minors for understanding and criminals in the right home and violators of religion:

Aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaagel

Very reliable security source .. Authorized to news agency

NATO, FRENCH & USA Air strikes will reach the Ansar al-Sharia and al-Qaeda in Libya!!
French naval maneuvers begin in the waters of occupied Libya

By Gaddafi news agency on Monday, 24 يونيو, 2013 | 11:58

The Gaddafi International News Agency – Tripoli.

Began in front of the Libyan coast on Sunday, a French military exercises “Shaheen 13” in the field of maritime training.
The large French frigate involved in the exercises, which he said presidential spokesman Libyan Navy Staff, Colonel Ayoub Omar Kassem, they come in the framework of coordination and cooperation on both sides.
Qasim added that Alintorat which will last 6 days, aims to identify the method of implementation of the Joint Task Forces participate!, And training for joint action in the sea, and the implementation of the maritime reconnaissance.